Immigration and citizenship

In preparation for the 2021 Census, Statistics Canada conducted a content consultation from fall 2017 to spring 2018 using an online questionnaire and face-to-face discussions.

Consultation respondents and federal stakeholders suggested that the census questionnaire collect more information on immigration and update the terminology regarding parents' place(s) of birth.

You asked, we listened

As a result of national consultations with interested parties, Statistics Canada has modified questions in the 2019 Census Test on the subjects of immigration, citizenship and parents' place of birth.

You asked for Proposed content for the 2019 Census Test
Updated terminology Gender-neutral terminology for the parents' place(s) of birth question.
More detailed information on immigration Continue to evaluate the use of administrative data to include more detailed information on immigration.

Immigration data are used to compare the social and economic conditions of immigrants over time; to evaluate immigration and employment policies and programs; and to plan education, health and other services.

Citizenship information is used to estimate the number of potential voters and to plan citizenship classes and programs. It also provides information about the population with multiple citizenships and the number of immigrants in Canada who hold Canadian citizenship.

Birthplace data provide information on the diversity of Canada's population, and on the movement of people within Canada and from other countries to Canada. These data are also used to assess the social and economic conditions of second-generation Canadians.

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