Indigenous peoples

In preparation for the 2021 Census, Statistics Canada conducted a content review from fall 2017 to spring 2018 through an online questionnaire. Regional discussions were also conducted at the same time.

Participants in the content review process suggested that the census questionnaire should identify Indigenous populations using a distinctions-based approach.

You asked, we listened

As a result of discussions with First Nations people, Métis, Inuit, data users, and other stakeholders, Statistics Canada has included new and modified questions regarding Indigenous peoples in the 2019 Census Test.

Information on membership or citizenship in a Métis organization or government and information on enrollment in an Inuit land claims agreement—which are not currently part of the Census of Population—are frequently reported data gaps.

You asked for Proposed content for the 2019 Census Test
Updated terminology The term "Aboriginal" has been replaced with "Indigenous" to reflect current terminology. More emphasis will be placed on a distinctions-based approach, where people will be able to identify as First Nations, Métis and Inuit.
More information about Métis respondents A new question has been added that asks respondents whether they are members of a Métis organization or citizens of a Métis government to better understand the specific needs of Métis across Canada.
More information about Inuit respondents A new question has been added that asks respondents whether they are enrolled in, or beneficiaries of, an Inuit land claims agreement.

Respondents said that if these data on Indigenous people in Canada were available, they would help governments, including Indigenous governments and organizations, to develop programs and services for First Nations people, Métis and Inuit. The changes to terms and questions will provide a clearer picture of those who identify as First Nations, Métis and Inuit on the census questionnaire.

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