Topics, 2021 Census
Indigenous peoples

Release date: September 21, 2022 Updated on: November 30, 2022

The 2021 Census of Population Program offers a wide range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population.

2021 Census of Population products by type: Indigenous peoples

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2021 Census of Population products by type
Release date
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Product Product type
2022-09-21

Title:Census Profile, 2021: Indigenous peoples

Profile of a community or region: 98-316-X2021001

Description: This profile presents information from the 2021 Census of Population for various levels of geography, including provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas, communities and census tracts.

Data product
2022-09-23

Title:How the Census counts Indigenous People in Urban Areas

Infographic: 11-627-M-X2022059

Description: The infographic provides a high-level description of how the Census counts people, including Indigenous people, particularly those in urban areas. This includes efforts before and during data collection including communications and advertising, reminders, follow up calls and visits, and special outreach. It also outlines the practice of counting people based on usual place of residence on Census day. Finally, the infographic discusses studies that Statistics Canada undertakes to estimate undercoverage, that is, the net impact of some people being missed and others that are being counted more than once by the Census.

Data product
2022-11-30

Title:Data quality tables, 2021 Census of Population

Table

Description: This series of cross-tabulations presents a portrait of Canada. They range in complexity and are available for various levels of geography.

Data product
2022-10-26

Title:Data tables: Indigenous peoples

Table

Description: This series of cross-tabulations presents a portrait of Canada. They range in complexity and are available for various levels of geography.

Data product
2022-09-21

Title:Focus on Geography Series: Indigenous peoples

Profile of a community or region: 98-404-X2021001

Description: Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights, through text, tables and figures, for each of the major releases of the 2021 Census.

Data product
2022-09-21

Title:Census Program Data Viewer: Indigenous peoples

Interactive dashboard: 98-507-X2021001

Description: The Census Program Data Viewer (CPDV) is a web-based data visualization tool that makes statistical information more interpretable by presenting key indicators in a statistical dashboard. Users can click and zoom in on a map of Canada or the user can search by place name or postal codeOM. The CPDV displays the appropriate thematic map showing boundaries and other features. Results can be exported (CSV or XLSX), or the user can share their customized dashboard by a link.

Data product
2022-09-21

Title:First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada

Infographic: 11-627M-2022057

Description: Based on 2021 Census data, the following infographic shows population statistics for First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada.

Data product
2022-09-21

Title:2021 Census key indicators: Indigenous peoples

Key indicators

Description: The key indicators provide a quick snapshot of census data highlights by topic.

Data product
2022-10-14

Title:First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada

The Daily

Description: This American Sign Language video highlights data on First Nations, Métis and Inuit people from the fifth release of the 2021 Census of Population included in The Daily.

Analytical product
2022-09-21

Title:Housing conditions among First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in Canada from the 2021 Census

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021007

Description: This Census in Brief article reports on housing conditions among First Nations people, Métis and Inuit in 2021. It describes the share of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit living in crowded dwellings and dwellings in need of major repair, and reports variation by provinces, territories, and the regions of Inuit Nunangat. This article also highlights the most common living arrangements among First Nations people, Métis and Inuit who were living in crowded dwellings and dwellings in need of major repair, and reports on how housing conditions have changed since 2016.

Analytical product
2022-09-21

Title:Membership in a Métis organization or Settlement: Findings from the 2021 Census of Population

Census in Brief: 98-200-X2021006

Description: This Census in Brief article describes reported membership in a Métis organization or Settlement based on responses to the Census of Population, 2021. Counts and distributions are examined for reported membership to Métis Nation British Columbia, Métis Nation of Alberta, the Metis Settlements of Alberta, Métis Nation – Saskatchewan, Manitoba Metis Federation and Métis Nation of Ontario as well as those reporting membership to other Métis organizations. Data are examined based on province or territory of residence and residence in a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration.

Analytical product
2022-09-21

Title:Indigenous population continues to grow and is much younger than the non-Indigenous population, although the pace of growth has slowed

The Daily

Description: Over multiple decades, census data have revealed that the Indigenous population has grown quickly—at a pace far surpassing that of the non-Indigenous population. The 2021 Census counted more than 1.8 million Indigenous people, accounting for 5.0% of the total population in Canada, up from 4.9% in 2016.

Analytical product
2022-11-30

Title:Dictionary, Census of Population, 2021

Dictionary: 98-301-X2021001

Description: The Census Dictionary is a reference document which contains detailed definitions of Census of Population concepts, variables, and geographic terms, as well as historical information.

Reference material
2022-11-30

Title:Guide to the Census of Population, 2021

Guide: 98-304-X2021001

Description: This reference document provides an overview of the Census of Population content determination, collection, processing, data quality assessment and data dissemination.

Reference material
2022-09-21

Title:Indigenous Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2021

Guide: 98-500-X2021009

Description: This reference guide provides information to help users effectively use and interpret Indigenous peoples data from the 2021 Census. The title of this product for the 2021 Census was renamed from ‘Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide’ to ‘Indigenous Peoples Reference Guide’ to reflect a change in terminology in the Census of Population. The term “Indigenous” replaced “Aboriginal” when referring to the collective term for people who identify as First Nations, Métis or Inuit. Its usage aligns with the Government of Canada and is coherent with standard terminology used in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

Reference material
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