Census Program

The Census Program provides a statistical portrait of the country every five years. The 2016 Census Program includes the Census of Population and the Census of Agriculture.

Key indicators
Source: 2016 Census of Population [All]

Key indicators: Canada
Empty cell Indicator Value
Population, 2016 35,151,728
2011 to 2016 population change (%) 5.0
Population density per km2 3.9
Total private dwellings 15,412,443
Population share (%) 100.0


The 2016 Census of Population Program offers a wide range of analysis, data, reference and geographical information according to topics (subjects) that paint a portrait of Canada and its population. To access topics from the previous Census, refer to 2011 Census topics.

Information and services

The 2016 Census of Population Program information holdings include data, analytical, reference and geography products. Data visualizations help users understand key information derived from the data.

Data products

Statistical information including tabulations, profiles, microdata and data visualizations.

Analytical products

An analytical perspective on Census of Population Program topics.

Reference materials

Supporting documentation to assist users with understanding and interpreting Census of Population Program information.


Geographical information that will assist with interpreting Census of Population Program information.

Data visualization

A collection of charts, infographics, videos and thematic maps providing 2016 Census highlights in a visual context.

Custom services

Services that allows for products and services to be tailored to more demanding and complex requests.

Related links

Previous censuses

Access data products, analytical products and reference materials from 2011, 2006, 2001 and 1996 censuses.

Future censuses

Access information about the search for a new approach to census-taking.

Census consultation

Data users and interested parties across Canada are asked for their views on the type and extent of information they believe should be available from the census.

Accessing my Census information

Access to proof of age, length of residence in Canada, citizenship or Aboriginal identity through the Census Pension Searches Program.

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