Census Program key indicators by geography

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Census Program key indicators: Quebec
Topic Indicator 2016 value
Population and dwelling counts Population, 2016 8,164,361
Population and dwelling counts 2011 to 2016 population change (%) 3.3
Population and dwelling counts Population density per km2 6.0
Population and dwelling counts Total private dwellings 3,858,943
Population and dwelling counts Population share (%) 23.2
Age and sex Proportion (%) 65 years and over 18.3
Age and sex % change 65 years and over (2011 to 2016) 18.9
Age and sex Proportion (%) less than 15 years 16.3
Age and sex Proportion (%) 15 to 64 years 65.4
Age and sex Male/female ratio (number of males per 100 females) 96.8
Age and sex Average age 41.9
Type of dwelling % of occupied private dwellings that are single-detached houses 45.4
Type of dwelling Number of persons living in collective dwellings 198,035
Type of dwelling % of people aged 85 and over living in collective dwellings 41.1
Type of dwelling % of occupied private dwellings in buildings with five or more storeys 5.3
Families, households and marital status One-person households (%) 33.3
Families, households and marital status Common-law couples (%) 39.9
Families, households and marital status Couples with children (%) 48.3
Families, households and marital status Young adults 20 to 34 living with their parents (%) 30.3
Language English–French bilingualism rate (%) 44.5
Language Population with more than one language spoken at home (%) 19.0
Language Official language minority (%) 13.7
Language Population with a mother tongue other than English or French 1,173,340
Income Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,822
Income Median employment income in 2015 of persons 25 to 54 ($) 39,856
Income Proportion (%) of total income from government transfers in 2015 15.6
Income Proportion (%) of population in low income in 2015 14.6
Income % change in median total income of households (2005 to 2015) 8.9
Income % change in median employment income of persons 25 to 54 (2005 to 2015) 6.4
Income Difference in the proportion of total income from government transfers (2005 to 2015) 1.7
Income Difference in the proportion of the population in low income (2005 to 2015) - 0.7
Income Proportion (%) of persons younger than 18 in low income in 2015 14.3
Income Difference in the proportion of persons younger than 18 in low income (2005 to 2015) - 1.9
Income Proportion (%) of seniors in low income in 2015 18.7
Income Difference in the proportion of seniors in low income (2005 to 2015) 2.5
Aboriginal peoples Aboriginal population, 2016 182,890
Aboriginal peoples 2006 to 2016 Aboriginal population change (%) 66.1
Aboriginal peoples Average age of the Aboriginal population 36.4
Immigration and ethnocultural diversity Immigrants (%) 13.7
Immigration and ethnocultural diversity Second generation population (%) 9.9
Immigration and ethnocultural diversity Visible minority population (%) 13.0
Immigration and ethnocultural diversity Number of recent immigrants (landed between 2011 and 2016) 215,170
Housing Homeownership rate (%) 61.3
Housing % of households spending 30% or more of income on shelter costs (shelter-cost-to-income-ratio) 21.0
Housing Households in unsuitable housing – rate 3.8
Housing Households living in dwellings in need of major repairs – rate 6.4
Education Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 19.8
Education Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a college diploma 19.0
Education Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor's degree or higher 25.5
Education Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a college diploma who studied STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) 20.0
Education Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 with a bachelor's degree or higher who studied STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) 22.9
Education Percentage of adults aged 25 to 64 who obtained their highest postsecondary qualification in their province or territory of residence 86.1
Labour Proportion of adults aged 25 to 54 years who worked full year, full time in 2015 48.4
Labour Number of workers employed in the manufacturing sector 436,045
Labour Number of workers employed in the Public administration 255,760
Labour Number of employed women who are family physicians 6,940
Labour Number of employed women who are police officers 4,570
Journey to work % using public transit to get to work, 2016 13.7
Journey to work Average commuting duration, in minutes, 2016 25.8
Language of work % of workers using English or French at work 99.7
Language of work % of workers using more than one language at work 38.6
Alternative table view: Compare Canada, provinces and territories for a single indicator
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