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Population and dwelling counts


February 8, 2012 - Laurent Martel, Demography Expert, presents the highlights of the 2011 Census Population and dwelling counts.

Population and Dwelling Counts - Highlights

Length: 4:46 minutes

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February 8, 2012
Statistics Canada Headquarters – Ottawa, Ontario

Chris: We're doing a video series on the 2011 Census releases. We'd like some highlights on the February 8th Population and Dwellings counts topic. It will only take a few minutes.

Laurent: A few minutes isn't enough to talk about the whole Census of Canada, you know, but I can cover some highlights with you if you want.

Laurent Martel
Demography Expert – Statistics Canada

Chris: Great, that's what we're looking for.

Laurent: I've got a few things to grab in my office. Do you mind coming with me?

Chris: Sure.

Laurent: O.K. Let's go.

2011 Census Population and Dwelling Counts


Laurent: In my area of expertise, demography, the 2011 Census has told us many things. For instance, the census tells us that Canada had, over the last five years, the highest level of population growth among the G8 countries.

Canada has the highest population growth among the G8 countries
Chris: Very interesting Laurent. Can you talk about the forces or factors behind population growth?

Laurent: Well, population growth can be broken down into two factors: that is, natural increase and migratory increase.

Natural increase and migratory increase

Laurent: Until recently, natural increase was the key driver of Canada's population growth, as there are more births than deaths every year.

In the past, the key driver of population growth was natural increase

Laurent: With population aging and a fairly stable fertility, the number of deaths is increasing and the number of births is remaining more or less the same every year. So over the last 10 years, migratory increase became the key driver of Canada's population growth.

Now, the key driver of population growth is migratory increase

Chris: Okay Laurent, I think I understand what drives population growth in Canada a little better. I'm interested to know more about how demographics are changing across the country.

Laurent: Sure, and I can start with the provinces and territories, and then we can talk about the census metropolitan areas of the country.

Population by province and territory

Laurent: In fact, the rate of population growth increased in all provinces and territories except Ontario, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.

Rate of population growth increased in all provinces and territories, except Ontario, Northwest Territories and Nunavut

Laurent: Among census areas, we can distinguish between census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations.

Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations

Laurent: More than 23 million Canadians are living in one of the 33 census metropolitan areas of the country. One in three Canadians are living in the census metropolitan areas of Toronto, Montréal or Vancouver.

1 in 3 Canadians live in Toronto, Montreal or Vancouver

Laurent: Almost all census metropolitan areas located in the Prairie provinces or in British Columbia have shown a population growth above the national average.

Population growth higher than the national average in almost all Census Metropolitan Areas located in the Prairie Provinces and in British Columbia

Chris: Okay, so we have a lot of data about metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. Do we have figures for specific municipalities across the country?

Laurent: I've got a few minutes left before my presentation. Yes, the census provides data at the municipality level. For instance, twelve of the 15 municipalities with the highest population growth since 2006 were located in census metropolitan areas. It is the case, for example, of Milton, in the census metropolitan area of Toronto, or Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval, in the census metropolitan area of Quebec.

12 of 15 fastest-growing municipalities were located in Census Metropolitan Areas

Chris: Interesting. So, for the grand finale, what about Canada's total population?

Total population of Canada

Laurent: According to the 2011 Census, the population of Canada is now nearly ten times larger than what it was in 1861, a few years before Confederation.

Population of Canada in 1861
1 person = approx. 250,000

Laurent: It is also twice as large as what it was in 1961.

Population of Canada in 1961
1 person = approx. 250,000

Laurent: On May 10th, 2011, the Census enumerated 33,476,688 persons.

Total population of Canada according to the
2011 Census
1 person = approx. 250,000

Laurent: So Chris, you have now some of the highlights from the first release of the 2011 Census. A lot more information is accessible for free on the Statistics Canada web site. I'd like to encourage whoever watches this video to access the release and to use census data, as it belongs to all Canadians.

Chris: Good luck Laurent and thank you for your time.

Laurent: Bye Chris. (Laurent turns to a crowd of people to present his findings.) Hi everybody and welcome to this presentation.

{Visual}: The image fades into the Canada wordmark against a black background. The video fades to black.

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