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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prince Edward Island
(HR)
Prince Edward Island
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 1 58.3 57.0 59.5 58.3 57.0 59.5
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 3 71.1 73.5 68.8 71.1 73.5 68.8
Perceived life stress (%) Health data: Footnote 5 17.7 19.0 16.5 17.7 19.0 16.5
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (%) Health data: Footnote 6 59.4 68.8 50.4 59.4 68.8 50.4
Overweight (%) Health data: Footnote 7 34.7 42.9 26.8 34.7 42.9 26.8
Obese (%) Health data: Footnote 8 24.7 25.9 23.6 24.7 25.9 23.6
Arthritis (%) Health data: Footnote 10 20.3 17.4 23.2 20.3 17.4 23.2
Diabetes (%) Health data: Footnote 11 7.6 8.7 6.4 7.6 8.7 6.4
Asthma (%) Health data: Footnote 12 9.3 7.3Note E: use with caution 11.1 9.3 7.3Note E: use with caution 11.1
High blood pressure (%) Health data: Footnote 13 20.6 22.9 18.4 20.6 22.9 18.4
Mood disorder (%) Health data: Footnote 14 8.4 6.2Note E: use with caution 10.5 8.4 6.2Note E: use with caution 10.5
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (%) Health data: Footnote 15 16.9 15.3 18.5 16.9 15.3 18.5
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (%) Health data: Footnote 16 16.9 16.1 17.8 16.9 16.1 17.8
Low birth weight (% of live births) Health data: Footnote 17 5.3 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (%) Health data: Footnote 18 6.1 5.2Note E: use with caution 6.8Note E: use with caution 6.1 5.2Note E: use with caution 6.8Note E: use with caution
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (%) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (%) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Hospitalized stroke event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 21 144 169 125 144 169 125
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 22 284 416 170 284 416 170
Injury hospitalization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 23 617 685 535 617 685 535
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 445.3 546.9 361.3 445.3 546.9 361.3
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 54.7 63.8 47.4 54.7 63.8 47.4
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 62.5 73.6 54.1 62.5 73.6 54.1
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 83.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 83.9
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable 165.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 165.8 Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (%) Health data: Footnote 29 21.5 23.3 19.8 21.5 23.3 19.8
Current smoker, daily (%) Health data: Footnote 30 18.3 19.8 16.9 18.3 19.8 16.9
Heavy drinking (%) Health data: Footnote 31 19.9 26.6 13.5 19.9 26.6 13.5
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (%) Health data: Footnote 32 51.6 52.9 50.3 51.6 52.9 50.3
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (%) Health data: Footnote 34 33.7 26.1 40.7 33.7 26.1 40.7
Bike helmet use (%) Health data: Footnote 35 60.4 52.5 69.5 60.4 52.5 69.5
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (%) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (%) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (%) Health data: Footnote 38 32.6 25.3 39.4 32.6 25.3 39.4
Mammography (%) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 61.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 61.0
Pap smear (%) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 79.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 79.9
Regular medical doctor (%) Health data: Footnote 41 87.5 86.5 88.5 87.5 86.5 88.5
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 81.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 81.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 28.9 Note ...: not applicable 28.9 28.9 Note ...: not applicable 28.9
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 12.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 45 457 556 362 457 556 362
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 46 6.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 47 17.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 17.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Self-injury hospitalizations (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 48 57 37 75 57 37 75
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 2.1 Note ...: not applicable 2.1 2.1 Note ...: not applicable 2.1
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 5.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 6.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 12.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 196.8 270.5 126.6 196.8 270.5 126.6
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 124.5 182.3 69.5 124.5 182.3 69.5
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 72.3 88.3 57.1 72.3 88.3 57.1
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 12.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 57 478 271 621 478 271 621
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (%) Health data: Footnote 58 8.8 10.8 6.9Note E: use with caution 8.8 10.8 6.9Note E: use with caution
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (%) Health data: Footnote 59 16.7 18.2 15.3 16.7 18.2 15.3
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 3.1 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 3.1 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 80.2 77.5 82.8 80.2 77.5 82.8
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 19.3 17.6 20.8 19.3 17.6 20.7
Total, all causes of death (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 65 580.6 730.3 465.0 580.6 730.3 465.0
All cancers, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 66 166.5 197.0 144.7 166.5 197.0 144.7
Colorectal cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 67 11.8 14.1 9.4 11.8 14.1 9.4
Lung cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 68 48.5 60.5 40.0 48.5 60.5 40.0
Breast cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 69 13.2 Note ...: not applicable 24.3 13.2 Note ...: not applicable 24.3
Prostate cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 70 9.1 22.7 Note ...: not applicable 9.1 22.7 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 71 200.4 266.4 146.3 200.4 266.4 146.3
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 72 112.2 172.0 64.7 112.2 172.0 64.7
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 73 30.7 28.3 31.3 30.7 28.3 31.3
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 74 57.5 66.1 50.4 57.5 66.1 50.4
Respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 75 54.3 67.6 47.4 54.3 67.6 47.4
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 76 22.4 28.9 18.6 22.4 28.9 18.6
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 77 3.0 4.0 2.3 3.0 4.0 2.3
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 78 28.9 34.8 26.5 28.9 34.8 26.5
Unintentional injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 79 27.1 31.8 21.9 27.1 31.8 21.9
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 80 8.3 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 8.3 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 81 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 276.7 359.8 197.4 276.7 359.8 197.4
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (%) Health data: Footnote 83 74.1 76.0 72.3 74.1 76.0 72.3
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (%) Health data: Footnote 84 93.9 93.4 94.4 93.9 93.4 94.4
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (%) Health data: Footnote 85 90.7 87.6 93.4 90.6 87.6 93.4
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (%) Health data: Footnote 86 62.8 57.3 67.8 62.8 57.3 67.8
Unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 87 11.3 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 11.3 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (%) Health data: Footnote 88 15.2 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 15.2 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 89 6.4 6.1 6.7 6.4 6.1 6.7
Low income (%) Health data: Footnote 90 10.0 9.1 10.8 10.0 9.1 10.8
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (%) Health data: Footnote 91 9.1 9.0 9.3 9.1 9.0 9.3
Community  
Total population (%) Health data: Footnote 92 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Large urban population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 93 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Medium population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 94 30.4 29.3 31.4 30.4 29.3 31.4
Small population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 95 16.4 15.8 16.9 16.4 15.8 16.9
Rural area population (%) Health data: Footnote 96 53.3 54.9 51.7 53.3 54.9 51.7
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 24.66 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 24.66 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (%) Health data: Footnote 98 62.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 62.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (%) 24.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (%) 14.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (%) Health data: Footnote 99 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.8
Immigrant population (%) Health data: Footnote 100 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.3
1 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 101 5.0 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.8 5.2
5 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 102 15.3 15.1 15.5 15.3 15.1 15.5
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (%) Health data: Footnote 103 74.2 73.8 74.6 74.2 73.8 74.6
Lone-parent families (%) Health data: Footnote 104 16.1 3.3 12.8 16.1 3.3 12.9
Visible minority population (%) Health data: Footnote 105 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (%) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 107 62 109 20 62 109 20
Percutaneous coronary intervention (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 108 144 242 53 144 242 53
Cardiac revascularization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 109 207 351 72 207 351 72
Hip replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 110 111 102 119 111 102 119
Knee replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 111 178 127 224 178 127 224
Hysterectomy (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 112 381 Note ...: not applicable 381 381 Note ...: not applicable 381
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 0.91 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 0.91 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Mental illness hospitalization rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 114 838 849 833 838 849 833
Mental illness patient days (per 10,000 population) Health data: Footnote 115 1,012 867 1,150 1,012 867 1,150
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 116 97 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 97 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 117 80 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 80 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

Return to health data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

Return to health data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Prince Edward Island (HR) = 33.4%, Prince Edward Island = 33.4%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Prince Edward Island (Health Region), Prince Edward Island and Prince Edward Island (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 16, 2022).

Census data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prince Edward Island
(HR)
Prince Edward Island
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 140,205 67,600 72,605 140,205 67,605 72,605
0 to 4 years 7,270 3,680 3,590 7,275 3,680 3,590
5 to 9 years 7,390 3,700 3,690 7,390 3,700 3,685
10 to 14 years 8,400 4,315 4,080 8,395 4,320 4,080
15 to 19 years 9,650 4,930 4,725 9,650 4,930 4,720
15 years 1,945 1,005 945 1,950 1,005 940
16 years 1,905 985 915 1,905 985 915
17 years 1,870 955 915 1,870 950 915
18 years 1,925 965 960 1,925 965 965
19 years 2,005 1,020 985 2,005 1,020 985
20 to 24 years 8,765 4,320 4,440 8,765 4,325 4,440
25 to 29 years 7,300 3,540 3,760 7,300 3,540 3,765
30 to 34 years 7,585 3,560 4,025 7,585 3,560 4,025
35 to 39 years 8,435 4,020 4,420 8,435 4,015 4,420
40 to 44 years 9,485 4,530 4,955 9,485 4,535 4,955
45 to 49 years 11,230 5,430 5,800 11,230 5,430 5,800
50 to 54 years 11,155 5,320 5,830 11,155 5,320 5,830
55 to 59 years 10,545 5,140 5,400 10,550 5,140 5,405
60 to 64 years 10,205 4,975 5,235 10,205 4,970 5,235
65 to 69 years 7,170 3,500 3,665 7,170 3,500 3,670
70 to 74 years 5,395 2,610 2,785 5,400 2,610 2,790
75 to 79 years 4,295 1,930 2,370 4,295 1,930 2,370
80 to 84 years 2,930 1,215 1,720 2,935 1,210 1,720
85 years and over 2,995 890 2,105 2,995 890 2,105
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 42.8 41.9 43.6 42.8 41.9 43.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.6 82.7 84.4 83.6 82.7 84.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 117,145 55,900 61,245 117,145 55,905 61,245
Married or living with a common-law partner 69,795 34,825 34,970 69,795 34,825 34,970
Married (and not separated) 60,620 30,255 30,370 60,625 30,255 30,370
Living common law 9,170 4,570 4,605 9,175 4,570 4,600
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 47,350 21,075 26,275 47,350 21,080 26,275
Single (never legally married) 30,490 15,900 14,590 30,495 15,900 14,590
Separated 3,285 1,420 1,870 3,285 1,420 1,870
Divorced 6,065 2,425 3,640 6,065 2,420 3,640
Widowed 7,505 1,335 6,170 7,505 1,330 6,170
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 40,850 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 40,850 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 21,390 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 21,385 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,710 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,710 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,325 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,435 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,435 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 40,850 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 40,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 34,270 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 34,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 29,695 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 29,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 14,660 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14,665 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 15,035 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15,035 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 5,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 6,100 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6,105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 3,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 4,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 2,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 1,955 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,955 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 1,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 655 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 655 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 290 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,580 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6,580 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 5,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5,250 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 3,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,455 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,455 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 595 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 600 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 1,330 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,330 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 915 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 915 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 95 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 100 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 41,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 41,255 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 8,605 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,605 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 14,315 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14,315 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 5,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 8,600 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,595 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 4,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,180 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 137,385 66,580 70,810 137,390 66,580 70,810
Number of persons not in census families 21,015 9,305 11,710 21,015 9,305 11,710
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 2,300 995 1,305 2,305 995 1,305
Living with non-relatives only 4,520 2,410 2,110 4,520 2,410 2,110
Living alone 14,195 5,900 8,300 14,195 5,895 8,295
Number of census family persons 116,375 57,275 59,095 116,375 57,280 59,100
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 20,855 9,575 11,285 20,860 9,575 11,280
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,750 1,960 4,790 6,750 1,960 4,790
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 800 240 560 800 240 560
Living with non-relatives only 350 165 180 350 165 180
Living alone 5,605 1,550 4,050 5,605 1,550 4,050
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 14,105 7,610 6,495 14,105 7,615 6,490
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 56,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 56,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 40,145 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 40,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 37,720 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 37,720 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 32,355 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 32,355 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 16,275 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 16,280 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 16,080 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 16,080 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 5,370 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5,365 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 2,425 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,425 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,740 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 1,065 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,065 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 580 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 580 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 670 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 670 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 690 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 690 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 16,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 16,315 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 14,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 2,115 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,120 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 56,460 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 56,460 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 40,330 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 40,335 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 60 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 60 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 2,585 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,580 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 13,490 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,490 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 3,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 1,805 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,805 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 905 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 905 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 7,640 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,640 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 130 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 130 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 56,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 56,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 14,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14,190 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 21,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 21,260 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 9,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 7,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 3,105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 1,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 137,385 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 137,390 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 138,435 66,970 71,465 138,435 66,970 71,465
  Single responses  137,690 66,610 71,075 137,685 66,615 71,075
    English  127,630 61,825 65,805 127,635 61,830 65,805
    French  5,195 2,390 2,805 5,190 2,390 2,800
    Non-official languages  4,860 2,395 2,465 4,860 2,395 2,465
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 105 50 55 105 50 55
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 5 0 5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  100 50 50 100 45 55
        Ojibway  0 0 5 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 4,685 2,305 2,380 4,685 2,310 2,375
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  20 10 10 20 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Albanian  95 55 40 95 55 45
        Amharic  5 0 5 5 5 5
        Arabic  270 165 100 270 165 105
        Armenian  0 5 0 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 15 5 5
        Bengali  35 20 10 35 20 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5 5 0 5
        Bosnian  20 10 10 20 15 10
        Bulgarian  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Burmese  10 10 5 10 5 5
        Cantonese  100 50 45 100 50 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,185 560 625 1,185 560 625
        Creoles  10 10 5 10 5 0
        Croatian  20 5 5 15 10 10
        Czech  30 15 15 30 15 15
        Danish  25 15 5 25 20 5
        Dutch  470 240 225 470 240 225
        Estonian  5 5 5 5 5 5
        Finnish  10 5 10 10 5 10
        Flemish  25 15 10 25 15 10
        Fukien  5 5 0 5 0 0
        German  295 150 150 300 150 150
        Greek  10 5 5 10 0 5
        Gujarati  0 0 5 5 0 5
        Hakka  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 10 10 5 5
        Hindi  35 20 15 35 20 15
        Hungarian  55 30 25 55 30 25
        Ilocano  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 0 0 0
        Italian  60 30 25 55 35 25
        Japanese  75 20 50 75 20 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Korean  135 60 70 135 60 70
        Kurdish  0 0 0 0 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Latvian  5 5 0 0 5 5
        Lingala  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5 10 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5 5 5 5
        Malayalam  10 10 5 10 5 0
        Maltese  5 5 5 5 0 5
        Mandarin  290 140 155 290 140 155
        Marathi  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Nepali  95 40 50 95 45 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 5 0 5
        Norwegian  0 5 0 0 0 5
        Oromo  5 0 0 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  35 20 15 40 20 15
        Pashto  5 0 5 5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  200 110 90 205 110 90
        Polish  60 30 35 60 30 35
        Portuguese  45 25 25 50 25 20
        Romanian  15 5 10 15 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Russian  110 55 55 110 50 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 5 15 25 5 15
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 10 20 10 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0 0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  45 25 25 50 20 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 35 15 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 5 10 10 5
        Slovenian  5 5 5 5 5 0
        Somali  30 15 15 30 15 10
        Spanish  230 105 125 230 105 125
        Swahili  5 5 0 5 0 0
        Swedish  10 5 5 15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  110 30 75 105 30 80
        Taiwanese  15 5 10 20 5 15
        Tamil  15 10 10 15 10 5
        Telugu  30 15 15 30 15 15
        Thai  15 5 5 15 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Turkish  15 10 5 20 10 10
        Ukrainian  30 10 20 30 10 20
        Urdu  35 20 15 35 20 20
        Vietnamese  40 20 20 40 20 20
        Yiddish  0 5 0 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 70 40 30 75 35 30
  Multiple responses          750 355 390 750 360 390
    English and French  440 200 240 440 200 245
    English and non-official language  260 135 120 255 135 120
    French and non-official language  35 15 15 35 20 15
    English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 15 5 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 138,435 66,970 71,465 138,435 66,970 71,465
  English only 120,585 59,330 61,255 120,585 59,330 61,255
  French only 130 65 70 130 60 70
  English and French 17,005 7,235 9,770 17,005 7,235 9,765
  Neither English nor French 710 340 375 710 345 370
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 138,435 66,970 71,465 138,435 66,970 71,465
  English 132,855 64,390 68,460 132,855 64,395 68,460
  French 4,715 2,175 2,540 4,715 2,175 2,545
  English and French 190 90 100 185 85 105
  Neither English nor French 675 320 360 675 320 360
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 4,810 2,215 2,590 4,810 2,215 2,595
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 138,435 66,970 71,465 138,435 66,970 71,465
  Single responses 137,585 66,545 71,040 137,590 66,545 71,045
    English 132,200 63,960 68,235 132,200 63,965 68,235
    French 2,465 1,150 1,310 2,465 1,150 1,310
    Non-official languages 2,925 1,430 1,495 2,925 1,430 1,495
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 15 5 5 15 5 10
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 15 5 5 15 10 5
        Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 2,885 1,410 1,480 2,885 1,405 1,480
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 10 5 0 5 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Albanian 80 45 35 80 45 35
        Amharic 0 0 5 0 0 0
        Arabic 120 70 50 120 70 50
        Armenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
        Bengali 20 10 10 20 15 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bosnian 10 5 5 15 5 0
        Bulgarian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cantonese 70 35 30 70 35 35
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,080 510 565 1,080 510 570
        Creoles 10 5 0 10 5 5
        Croatian 5 5 5 5 0 5
        Czech 15 5 10 15 10 10
        Danish 5 5 0 5 0 5
        Dutch 95 45 50 90 40 50
        Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 0 5 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 0 0 5 5
        German 80 35 45 80 35 45
        Greek 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Gujarati 0 0 5 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 5 5 5 5
        Hindi 15 5 5 15 10 5
        Hungarian 30 15 15 30 15 15
        Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Italian 10 5 5 5 5 5
        Japanese 35 15 20 30 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Korean 115 60 60 115 60 60
        Kurdish 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 5 5 0 5
        Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Malay 5 0 5 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Mandarin 250 120 125 245 125 125
        Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Nepali 90 45 50 90 40 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 15 10 5 20 10 5
        Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 170 90 80 165 85 80
        Polish 20 5 10 15 5 10
        Portuguese 15 5 5 15 5 5
        Romanian 15 5 5 15 5 10
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Russian 70 35 35 70 35 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Serbian 10 5 5 15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 20 10 10
        Sindhi 0 0 5 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 20 30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 30 20 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 5 0 5 5 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Somali 25 10 10 25 15 10
        Spanish 120 60 65 125 60 65
        Swahili 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 5 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 25 40 65 25 35
        Taiwanese 5 0 5 5 0 5
        Tamil 5 5 0 5 0 0
        Telugu 20 5 10 25 10 10
        Thai 5 5 5 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 5 5 10 5 0
        Ukrainian 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Urdu 15 10 5 15 5 5
        Vietnamese 30 20 15 30 20 10
        Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 25 15 10 25 15 10
  Multiple responses         845 425 420 850 425 420
    English and French 265 115 155 270 110 155
    English and non-official language 545 295 245 545 295 245
    French and non-official language 15 5 5 15 5 10
    English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 20 10 10
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 138,435 66,970 71,465 138,435 66,970 71,465
  None 132,170 64,170 67,995 132,170 64,170 68,000
  Single responses  6,145 2,745 3,405 6,150 2,745 3,405
    English  2,135 1,000 1,130 2,135 1,000 1,130
    French  2,690 1,090 1,600 2,690 1,090 1,600
    Non-official languages  1,325 650 675 1,325 655 670
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 80 35 45 85 35 45
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0 5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 5 0 5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  75 35 45 75 35 40
        Ojibway  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 1,190 590 595 1,190 590 600
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  10 5 5 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Albanian  10 10 5 15 10 5
        Amharic  5 0 0 5 0 0
        Arabic  110 75 40 110 75 40
        Armenian  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 10 5 0
        Bengali  10 5 5 10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0 0 5 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Burmese  10 5 0 10 10 0
        Cantonese  15 5 10 15 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  85 35 45 80 40 45
        Creoles  5 5 5 5 0 0
        Croatian  5 0 5 5 5 5
        Czech  10 10 5 15 10 5
        Danish  10 5 10 15 5 5
        Dutch  130 75 55 135 70 60
        Estonian  5 0 5 5 0 5
        Finnish  5 5 5 5 0 5
        Flemish  10 5 5 15 5 10
        Fukien  0 0 0 0 0 0
        German  80 40 45 80 40 40
        Greek  5 5 0 5 5 0
        Gujarati  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Hebrew  25 15 15 30 15 15
        Hindi  20 5 10 15 10 10
        Hungarian  20 5 15 20 5 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Italian  30 15 10 30 15 10
        Japanese  50 20 35 50 15 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Korean  20 10 10 20 10 10
        Kurdish  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Mandarin  35 15 25 40 15 20
        Marathi  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 0 0 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 15 10 10
        Norwegian  0 5 0 5 0 5
        Oromo  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 5 15 10 5
        Pashto  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  15 10 5 15 10 10
        Polish  25 10 10 25 10 15
        Portuguese  15 10 10 15 10 10
        Romanian  5 0 5 0 0 0
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 0 5 0 5
        Russian  30 15 15 30 15 15
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 5 10 5 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0 0 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 10 10 5 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 0 5 0
        Slovak  5 5 0 5 0 0
        Slovenian  5 0 0 5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Spanish  130 60 70 130 60 70
        Swahili  5 5 5 5 5 0
        Swedish  10 5 5 10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 10 25 35 5 25
        Taiwanese  10 0 5 10 5 5
        Tamil  10 10 0 15 10 5
        Telugu  15 10 10 15 5 5
        Thai  5 0 0 5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Turkish  5 5 5 5 0 0
        Ukrainian  10 5 5 10 5 5
        Urdu  15 5 10 15 5 10
        Vietnamese  10 5 5 10 5 5
        Yiddish  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 55 25 30 55 25 25
  Multiple responses          120 55 60 115 60 60
    English and French  25 10 20 25 10 15
    English and non-official language  35 10 20 30 10 20
    French and non-official language  60 35 25 55 30 25
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0 0 0 0

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Prince Edward Island (Health Region), Prince Edward Island and Prince Edward Island (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 16, 2022).

National Household Survey data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prince Edward Island
(HR)
Prince Edward Island
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 33.4%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 33.4%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 137,375 66,515 70,865 137,375 66,515 70,865
Canadian citizens 133,245 64,540 68,700 133,245 64,545 68,700
Canadian citizens aged under 18 28,225 14,360 13,865 28,225 14,360 13,860
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 105,015 50,185 54,840 105,020 50,185 54,835
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 4,130 1,965 2,165 4,130 1,970 2,165
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 137,375 66,515 70,860 137,380 66,515 70,865
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 129,385 62,720 66,665 129,390 62,720 66,665
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 7,090 3,365 3,720 7,085 3,360 3,725
Before 1971 1,670 785 890 1,675 780 885
1971 to 1980 845 350 500 850 350 495
1981 to 1990 615 255 355 610 255 350
1991 to 2000 730 385 345 730 390 340
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,225 1,590 1,640 3,225 1,590 1,640
2001 to 2005 675 310 365 670 310 360
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,555 1,280 1,280 2,555 1,280 1,275
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 900 430 475 905 430 470
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 7,085 3,365 3,720 7,085 3,365 3,725
Under 5 years 1,110 440 675 1,110 435 670
5 to 14 years 1,250 620 625 1,250 620 625
15 to 24 years 1,310 605 705 1,305 605 705
25 to 44 years 2,555 1,235 1,320 2,555 1,235 1,320
45 years and over 865 460 400 865 465 400
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 137,380 66,510 70,865 137,375 66,515 70,865
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 129,390 62,720 66,665 129,385 62,720 66,670
Born in province of residence 99,955 49,325 50,625 99,950 49,330 50,625
Born outside province of residence 29,430 13,390 16,040 29,430 13,390 16,045
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 7,085 3,365 3,725 7,085 3,365 3,725
Americas 1,635 640 990 1,630 640 990
United States 1,330 470 855 1,330 475 855
Jamaica 20 0 10 20 0 10
Guyana 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mexico 35 0 0 40 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 0
El Salvador 50 0 25 50 0 25
Peru 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 185 105 80 185 105 80
Europe 2,535 1,290 1,245 2,530 1,290 1,240
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,260 695 565 1,260 700 560
Italy 20 0 0 20 0 0
Germany 195 60 135 195 60 135
Poland 40 15 25 35 15 25
Portugal 30 30 0 30 25 0
Netherlands 450 230 220 450 230 220
France 35 0 30 35 0 30
Romania 25 0 0 30 0 0
Russian Federation 50 35 0 50 35 0
Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 0 0 0
Croatia 20 0 0 20 0 0
Hungary 20 0 0 20 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 25 20 45 20 20
Serbia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 40 20 20 40 20 15
Other places of birth in Europe 280 130 150 280 125 155
Africa 125 85 45 125 85 40
Morocco 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 10 20 0 15
Nigeria 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 70 45 25 70 50 25
Asia 2,780 1,340 1,435 2,775 1,340 1,435
India 80 40 50 85 40 45
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,490 720 770 1,490 720 770
Philippines 45 0 30 50 0 30
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 35 0 0 30 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 75 30 40 70 30 40
Pakistan 45 25 20 45 25 25
Sri Lanka 50 30 20 45 25 20
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 305 155 155 305 155 150
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 80 30 50 80 30 50
Lebanon 65 35 30 65 30 25
Taiwan 50 25 25 50 25 30
Iraq 40 0 0 35 0 0
Bangladesh 30 0 0 30 0 0
Afghanistan 10 0 0 10 0 0
Japan 90 0 80 90 0 80
Turkey 45 25 0 40 25 0
Other places of birth in Asia 250 135 115 250 130 115
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0 15 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 20 0 0 20 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 905 430 470 905 430 475
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,550 1,280 1,275 2,555 1,280 1,275
Americas 160 60 100 160 55 105
United States 95 25 70 95 30 70
Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 25 0 0 30 0 0
Europe 280 135 140 275 135 135
France 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 0 15 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 140 75 65 140 75 65
Other places of birth in Europe 115 50 65 115 50 65
Africa 40 35 0 40 35 0
Nigeria 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0
Asia 2,080 1,050 1,030 2,075 1,050 1,025
Philippines 25 0 0 25 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,255 620 630 1,255 625 630
India 70 30 40 70 30 35
Pakistan 0 0 0 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 285 145 140 285 140 145
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 50 0 30 50 0 30
Sri Lanka 35 25 0 40 25 0
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 25 0 0 30 0 0
Lebanon 10 0 0 10 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 20 0 0 20 0 0
Taiwan 35 15 25 35 10 20
Afghanistan 10 0 0 10 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkey 40 25 0 45 25 0
Israel 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepal 35 25 0 35 25 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 30 15 0 30 15 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 10 0 0 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 90 45 50 95 45 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 137,380 66,515 70,865 137,380 66,515 70,865
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 8,295 3,950 4,345 8,295 3,950 4,350
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 8,485 3,775 4,710 8,485 3,780 4,710
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 120,595 58,790 61,810 120,600 58,790 61,810
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 137,375 66,510 70,865 137,375 66,515 70,865
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,260 2,020 2,235 4,260 2,020 2,240
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 485 230 255 485 230 255
Chinese 1,825 940 885 1,830 940 890
Black 390 125 260 390 130 260
Filipino 85 50 35 85 50 35
Latin American 230 110 125 235 105 125
Arab 195 95 100 200 100 100
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 205 120 85 205 120 85
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 345 170 175 345 170 170
Korean 140 50 95 140 50 90
Japanese 210 35 180 210 30 180
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 75 0 0 75 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 70 35 35 70 35 35
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 133,120 64,490 68,625 133,115 64,490 68,625
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 137,375 66,510 70,860 137,375 66,510 70,865
North American Aboriginal origins 4,460 2,135 2,325 4,460 2,130 2,325
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,755 1,755 2,000 3,755 1,755 2,000
Inuit 245 185 60 250 185 60
Métis 510 210 290 510 215 290
Other North American origins 53,800 26,190 27,610 53,795 26,190 27,610
Acadian 3,760 1,775 1,990 3,760 1,770 1,985
American 785 345 435 780 345 435
Canadian 50,550 24,715 25,835 50,550 24,715 25,835
New Brunswicker 0 0 0 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 15 0 0 15 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Québécois 50 0 20 45 0 25
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0 0 0 0
European origins 105,535 50,480 55,050 105,530 50,480 55,050
British Isles origins 91,780 43,915 47,865 91,780 43,915 47,865
Channel Islander 15 0 0 15 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0 0 0 0
English 42,700 20,200 22,495 42,700 20,200 22,500
Irish 41,715 19,450 22,270 41,715 19,450 22,265
Manx 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish 53,960 25,790 28,175 53,960 25,790 28,170
Welsh 2,470 1,155 1,320 2,470 1,155 1,315
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,855 860 995 1,850 860 995
French origins 28,950 13,325 15,620 28,950 13,325 15,625
Alsatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0 0 0 0
French 28,945 13,325 15,625 28,945 13,330 15,625
Western European origins (except French origins) 11,625 5,610 6,020 11,630 5,610 6,020
Austrian 270 170 100 270 170 100
Belgian 500 225 270 500 225 270
Dutch 4,240 1,950 2,290 4,240 1,945 2,295
Flemish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Frisian 30 15 15 30 20 15
German 7,165 3,495 3,665 7,160 3,495 3,665
Luxembourger 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swiss 200 110 90 205 110 90
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,155 1,090 1,065 2,155 1,085 1,065
Danish 885 480 405 885 480 405
Finnish 160 110 50 160 110 50
Icelandic 90 40 50 90 45 50
Norwegian 295 130 165 295 135 165
Swedish 600 225 370 600 225 370
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 185 125 0 180 130 0
Eastern European origins 2,645 1,115 1,530 2,645 1,115 1,535
Bulgarian 10 0 0 10 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Czech 10 0 0 10 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Estonian 20 0 0 20 0 0
Hungarian 415 185 230 415 185 235
Latvian 35 0 0 35 0 0
Lithuanian 30 0 20 30 0 20
Moldovan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 955 445 515 960 445 515
Romanian 110 40 70 115 45 70
Russian 370 170 200 375 170 200
Slovak 45 25 25 45 25 20
Ukrainian 855 295 560 855 290 560
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 20 15 0 20 20 0
Southern European origins 2,370 1,190 1,175 2,370 1,190 1,180
Albanian 115 45 70 115 45 70
Bosnian 30 0 0 25 0 0
Croatian 100 50 50 100 50 45
Cypriot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 180 80 100 180 80 100
Italian 955 485 470 955 485 470
Kosovar 0 0 0 0 0 0
Macedonian 20 0 0 20 0 0
Maltese 20 0 15 25 0 15
Montenegrin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Portuguese 430 245 180 430 245 180
Serbian 40 15 25 40 15 25
Sicilian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Spanish 430 215 210 430 215 215
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 130 60 65 130 60 65
Southern European origins, n.i.e.