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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga Halton
(HR)
Ontario
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 1 62.4 66.3 58.6 60.4 60.7 60.1
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 3 74.3 76.1 72.5 72.4 73.2 71.7
Perceived life stress (%) Health data: Footnote 5 26.1 26.6 25.7 22.8 20.9 24.6
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (%) Health data: Footnote 6 50.3 56.9 43.6 52.6 60.3 45.0
Overweight (%) Health data: Footnote 7 33.6 37.0 30.2 34.3 41.1 27.6
Obese (%) Health data: Footnote 8 16.6 19.9 13.4 18.3 19.2 17.4
Arthritis (%) Health data: Footnote 10 13.1 9.0 17.0 17.2 13.4 20.7
Diabetes (%) Health data: Footnote 11 6.4 7.8Note E: use with caution 5.0 6.6 7.0 6.2
Asthma (%) Health data: Footnote 12 7.2 6.6Note E: use with caution 7.8 7.9 6.6 9.1
High blood pressure (%) Health data: Footnote 13 15.3 15.3 15.4 17.6 17.8 17.4
Mood disorder (%) Health data: Footnote 14 5.0 3.6Note E: use with caution 6.4Note E: use with caution 7.6 5.7 9.4
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (%) Health data: Footnote 15 10.0 7.6Note E: use with caution 12.3 14.2 11.4 16.8
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (%) Health data: Footnote 16 12.1 9.4 14.8 15.7 13.2 18.2
Low birth weight (% of live births) Health data: Footnote 17 6.4 6.0 6.8 6.2 5.8 6.6
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (%) Health data: Footnote 18 2.1Note E: use with caution Note F: too unreliable to be published 3.1Note E: use with caution 3.8 3.1 4.4
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (%) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (%) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Hospitalized stroke event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 21 109 126 95 119 138 102
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 22 146 211 88 198 278 127
Injury hospitalization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 23 315 348 275 409 450 358
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 402.6 471.8 349.8 398.8 454.7 358.0
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 50.7 60.7 42.5 47.8 57.9 39.2
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 46.3 54.7 39.9 49.2 58.8 42.1
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 100.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 97.8
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable 151.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 135.7 Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (%) Health data: Footnote 29 16.7 21.2 12.3 19.2 22.7 15.8
Current smoker, daily (%) Health data: Footnote 30 12.6 17.3 8.0Note E: use with caution 14.4 17.2 11.7
Heavy drinking (%) Health data: Footnote 31 14.8 22.0 7.7Note E: use with caution 16.9 24.4 9.7
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (%) Health data: Footnote 32 53.1 58.9 47.6 53.8 56.4 51.2
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (%) Health data: Footnote 34 40.3 33.2 47.0 38.9 32.9 44.6
Bike helmet use (%) Health data: Footnote 35 32.3 28.0 38.6 36.1 33.3 40.1
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (%) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (%) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (%) Health data: Footnote 38 27.2 26.0 28.3 32.0 28.6 35.2
Mammography (%) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 74.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 73.2
Pap smear (%) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 73.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 72.9
Regular medical doctor (%) Health data: Footnote 41 92.3 90.2 94.4 91.1 88.8 93.2
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 75.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 81.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 27.4 Note ...: not applicable 27.4 28.6 Note ...: not applicable 28.6
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 9.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 45 183 210 156 269 304 236
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 46 7.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 47 15.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Self-injury hospitalizations (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 48 38 29 48 63 50 77
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 1.4 Note ...: not applicable 1.4 1.7 Note ...: not applicable 1.7
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 6.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 6.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 12.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 131.0 159.9 104.2 172.9 218.0 130.6
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 78.6 104.6 54.1 107.7 146.0 71.5
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 52.4 55.3 50.0 65.2 71.9 59.0
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 11.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 11.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 57 361 257 429 424 304 504
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (%) Health data: Footnote 58 2.8Note E: use with caution 3.0Note E: use with caution 2.7Note E: use with caution 4.5 4.5 4.5
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (%) Health data: Footnote 59 15.8 15.0 16.5 16.7 17.4 16.0
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 4.8 4.4 5.2 5.1 5.5 4.6
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 83.1 81.2 84.8 81.5 79.2 83.6
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 21.1 19.6 22.4 20.3 18.7 21.7
Total, all causes of death (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 65 468.5 568.9 393.6 521.8 640.8 430.2
All cancers, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 66 149.9 180.7 128.3 159.1 192.0 135.9
Colorectal cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 67 17.3 21.4 14.1 17.0 21.6 13.4
Lung cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 68 33.8 43.1 26.6 40.3 51.0 32.3
Breast cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 69 12.3 Note ...: not applicable 22.5 12.0 Note ...: not applicable 22.0
Prostate cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 70 8.2 20.8 Note ...: not applicable 8.0 20.5 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 71 132.8 166.4 105.9 155.6 197.1 122.9
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 72 68.6 94.8 47.9 86.9 119.1 61.7
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 73 26.7 29.5 24.4 30.7 33.3 28.6
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 74 37.4 42.1 33.6 38.0 44.8 32.6
Respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 75 36.5 46.3 30.4 41.3 53.8 33.4
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 76 11.3 12.5 10.4 11.2 13.6 9.7
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 77 2.2 3.0 1.7 2.2 2.8 1.8
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 78 23.0 30.8 18.3 27.8 37.5 21.8
Unintentional injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 79 20.5 26.7 15.5 23.4 31.6 16.1
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 80 7.0 10.6 3.6 7.7 11.9 3.8
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 81 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.9 1.6 0.3
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 188.7 229.3 151.2 239.0 296.5 185.1
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (%) Health data: Footnote 83 65.8 63.1 68.4 67.5 66.6 68.4
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (%) Health data: Footnote 84 91.9 92.1 91.8 91.8 91.9 91.8
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (%) Health data: Footnote 85 93.8 92.7 94.8 90.8 89.0 92.6
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (%) Health data: Footnote 86 74.7 73.8 75.6 67.2 65.1 69.1
Unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 87 6.8 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 7.8 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (%) Health data: Footnote 88 13.9 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 15.8 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 89 4.6 4.3 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.9
Low income (%) Health data: Footnote 90 13.3 12.7 13.9 14.5 13.8 15.2
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (%) Health data: Footnote 91 16.0 16.2 15.9 17.0 17.0 16.9
Community  
Total population (%) Health data: Footnote 92 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Large urban population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 93 87.0 86.8 87.2 69.3 68.9 69.7
Medium population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 94 10.4 10.5 10.3 7.4 7.3 7.5
Small population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 95 0.9 0.9 0.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
Rural area population (%) Health data: Footnote 96 1.7 1.8 1.6 14.1 14.7 13.5
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 1,052.33 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14.14 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (%) Health data: Footnote 98 58.3 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 57.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (%) 26.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 24.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (%) 10.1 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.7 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (%) Health data: Footnote 99 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.4 2.3 2.4
Immigrant population (%) Health data: Footnote 100 44.3 43.1 45.4 28.5 27.6 29.4
1 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 101 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8
5 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 102 12.7 12.8 12.6 12.7 12.7 12.7
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (%) Health data: Footnote 103 100.0 100.0 100.0 93.7 93.6 93.8
Lone-parent families (%) Health data: Footnote 104 15.4 2.8 12.5 16.7 3.3 13.5
Visible minority population (%) Health data: Footnote 105 40.7 40.4 41.1 25.9 25.6 26.2
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (%) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 107 67 111 28 66 110 27
Percutaneous coronary intervention (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 108 146 236 64 171 262 88
Cardiac revascularization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 109 211 343 91 236 369 115
Hip replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 110 104 95 109 112 106 117
Knee replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 111 158 126 188 192 159 222
Hysterectomy (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 112 210 Note ...: not applicable 210 306 Note ...: not applicable 306
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 0.97 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Mental illness hospitalization rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 114 312 326 298 442 450 434
Mental illness patient days (per 10,000 population) Health data: Footnote 115 396 401 387 547 561 532
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 116 79 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 95 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 117 63 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 99 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

Return to health data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

Return to health data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Mississauga Halton (HR) = 24.2%, Ontario = 27.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Mississauga Halton (Health Region), Ontario and Ontario (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 14, 2021).

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga Halton
(HR)
Ontario
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 1,109,545 540,775 568,770 12,851,820 6,263,140 6,588,685
0 to 4 years 63,760 32,675 31,085 704,260 360,590 343,670
5 to 9 years 68,180 35,065 33,125 712,755 365,290 347,465
10 to 14 years 72,815 37,410 35,400 763,755 391,630 372,125
15 to 19 years 81,085 41,935 39,150 863,635 443,680 419,950
15 years 16,005 8,215 7,790 168,840 86,700 82,140
16 years 16,360 8,565 7,800 172,840 89,195 83,645
17 years 16,375 8,545 7,835 171,405 88,230 83,170
18 years 16,095 8,370 7,725 173,930 89,225 84,705
19 years 16,250 8,245 8,000 176,620 90,330 86,290
20 to 24 years 73,265 37,560 35,700 852,910 432,490 420,415
25 to 29 years 65,860 32,155 33,700 815,120 400,045 415,075
30 to 34 years 68,780 31,820 36,960 800,365 383,340 417,030
35 to 39 years 78,285 36,635 41,655 844,335 405,845 438,485
40 to 44 years 88,950 42,305 46,650 924,075 447,920 476,155
45 to 49 years 97,580 47,610 49,975 1,055,880 517,510 538,370
50 to 54 years 88,770 43,485 45,285 1,006,140 492,560 513,580
55 to 59 years 70,910 34,750 36,160 864,620 418,755 445,865
60 to 64 years 58,385 28,160 30,220 765,655 370,370 395,275
65 to 69 years 41,365 19,875 21,480 563,485 270,875 292,610
70 to 74 years 31,645 14,790 16,860 440,780 206,350 234,435
75 to 79 years 25,140 11,280 13,860 356,150 161,345 194,805
80 to 84 years 18,550 7,785 10,770 271,510 113,620 157,890
85 years and over 16,220 5,475 10,745 246,400 80,925 165,475
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 39.0 38.1 39.7 40.4 39.4 41.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.5 80.6 82.5 83.0 82.2 83.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 904,785 435,620 469,165 10,671,050 5,145,630 5,525,420
Married or living with a common-law partner 541,050 270,045 271,005 6,158,605 3,078,940 3,079,665
Married (and not separated) 497,765 248,380 249,390 5,367,400 2,681,320 2,686,075
Living common law 43,285 21,665 21,615 791,210 397,620 393,590
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 363,735 165,580 198,160 4,512,440 2,066,690 2,445,750
Single (never legally married) 254,325 133,730 120,595 2,985,020 1,583,760 1,401,260
Separated 22,965 8,905 14,060 319,805 133,790 186,015
Divorced 42,690 14,990 27,700 593,730 231,160 362,570
Widowed 43,760 7,960 35,800 613,880 117,980 495,905
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 312,110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,612,200 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 118,605 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,686,655 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 76,095 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 812,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 83,810 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 783,500 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 33,600 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 329,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 312,110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,612,205 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 264,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,007,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 242,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,612,895 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 77,790 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,090,740 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 164,790 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,522,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 57,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 559,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 76,665 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 676,880 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 31,115 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 286,110 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 21,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 394,670 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 12,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 236,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 9,055 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 158,660 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 4,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 77,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 3,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 55,605 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 1,285 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 25,890 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 47,915 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 604,645 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 39,130 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 486,470 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 22,650 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 282,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 12,045 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 145,375 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 4,435 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 59,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 8,785 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 118,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 5,605 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 77,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 2,480 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 31,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 401,805 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,083,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 77,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 839,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 126,800 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,323,750 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 47,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 496,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 92,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 888,985 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 57,905 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 535,230 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,099,760 537,115 562,645 12,655,130 6,179,005 6,476,125
Number of persons not in census families 121,650 51,860 69,785 1,951,440 889,600 1,061,845
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 27,225 9,270 17,960 295,100 113,180 181,925
Living with non-relatives only 23,940 12,780 11,155 425,360 233,900 191,465
Living alone 70,485 29,815 40,670 1,230,980 542,525 688,455
Number of census family persons 978,110 485,255 492,860 10,703,690 5,289,410 5,414,280
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 125,990 57,255 68,735 1,752,725 796,110 956,615
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 37,775 9,215 28,555 563,605 155,405 408,200
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 11,820 2,220 9,605 105,130 22,345 82,785
Living with non-relatives only 2,030 960 1,075 30,835 14,715 16,125
Living alone 23,920 6,035 17,885 427,640 118,350 309,290
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 88,215 48,045 40,175 1,189,120 640,705 548,415
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 377,090 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,887,510 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 296,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,475,030 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 259,205 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,103,515 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 223,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,642,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 74,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,171,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 148,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,471,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 35,590 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 460,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 37,410 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 371,515 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 22,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 242,850 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 17,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 167,865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 4,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 52,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 13,255 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 114,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 5,660 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 74,985 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 14,485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 128,660 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 80,475 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,412,480 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 70,485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,230,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 9,990 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 181,500 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 377,090 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,887,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 180,475 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,718,880 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 83,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 789,970 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15,800 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 113,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,362,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 32,495 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 279,470 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 50,695 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 415,225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 9,125 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 160,460 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 20,475 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 498,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 230 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,540 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 377,095 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,887,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 70,485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,230,975 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 103,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,584,415 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 71,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 803,030 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 80,750 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 783,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 32,895 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 310,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 18,295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 174,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 1,099,765 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12,655,135 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 1,103,680 538,675 565,005 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,730
  Single responses  1,064,450 519,610 544,840 12,434,770 6,071,955 6,362,815
    English  615,225 304,520 310,705 8,677,040 4,276,970 4,400,065
    French  14,155 6,260 7,895 493,300 232,785 260,510
    Non-official languages  435,070 208,835 226,235 3,264,435 1,562,190 1,702,240
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 30 10 20 15,625 7,315 8,305
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5 3,930 1,835 2,095
        Dene  0 0 0 20 5 10
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 5 5 5
        Inuktitut  5 5 5 300 85 215
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0 70 20 45
        Ojibway  15 0 15 8,255 3,925 4,330
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 3,030 1,440 1,590
        Stoney  0 0 0 5 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 431,625 207,165 224,465 3,222,400 1,542,155 1,680,245
        African languages, n.i.e 235 115 125 3,080 1,585 1,495
        Afrikaans  335 165 175 2,060 1,030 1,030
        Akan (Twi)  825 360 460 9,680 4,565 5,115
        Albanian  3,185 1,610 1,575 17,440 8,870 8,565
        Amharic  380 160 215 9,190 4,295 4,895
        Arabic  26,185 13,570 12,615 133,390 69,890 63,500
        Armenian  780 390 390 13,070 6,330 6,740
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 180 75 100 3,040 1,445 1,595
        Bengali  3,810 1,920 1,895 38,685 19,745 18,935
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  20 5 10 120 70 60
        Bisayan languages  895 370 520 6,380 2,395 3,985
        Bosnian  1,600 790 810 6,140 3,045 3,095
        Bulgarian  1,895 960 935 9,015 4,390 4,625
        Burmese  115 55 60 1,400 685 715
        Cantonese  13,850 6,460 7,390 186,870 87,020 99,850
        Chinese, n.o.s.  19,285 9,085 10,200 195,120 92,170 102,950
        Creoles  795 375 420 9,650 4,355 5,295
        Croatian  9,500 4,675 4,825 33,830 16,505 17,320
        Czech  1,345 635 710 12,115 5,675 6,440
        Danish  420 190 235 4,745 2,230 2,515
        Dutch  2,460 1,170 1,295 58,135 28,150 29,985
        Estonian  375 180 195 5,025 2,170 2,850
        Finnish  440 190 255 11,350 4,905 6,450
        Flemish  85 40 45 2,710 1,180 1,530
        Fukien  295 125 170 3,410 1,620 1,795
        German  7,635 3,510 4,125 140,315 65,815 74,500
        Greek  4,280 2,145 2,135 56,890 28,455 28,435
        Gujarati  8,280 4,005 4,275 68,105 34,110 33,995
        Hakka  155 70 90 3,535 1,685 1,850
        Hebrew  150 95 55 11,415 6,085 5,330
        Hindi  9,825 4,865 4,960 47,645 23,880 23,765
        Hungarian  3,400 1,600 1,800 41,010 19,455 21,555
        Ilocano  645 280 365 8,050 2,990 5,060
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 495 260 240 2,845 1,520 1,330
        Italian  21,305 10,645 10,660 251,330 123,830 127,505
        Japanese  1,425 555 870 12,215 4,415 7,800
        Khmer (Cambodian)  105 45 60 7,210 3,345 3,860
        Korean  9,995 4,815 5,180 64,080 30,065 34,015
        Kurdish  175 100 75 5,760 3,100 2,660
        Lao  200 95 105 5,350 2,620 2,730
        Latvian  425 170 255 4,640 1,970 2,670
        Lingala  25 5 15 755 325 430
        Lithuanian  1,260 555 705 5,600 2,375 3,230
        Macedonian  1,985 985 995 16,305 7,930 8,370
        Malay  1,300 605 690 5,305 2,395 2,910
        Malayalam  2,240 1,115 1,120 10,745 5,460 5,285
        Maltese  1,320 655 665 5,830 2,930 2,905
        Mandarin  13,785 6,520 7,270 118,390 55,825 62,565
        Marathi  1,125 580 545 4,155 2,135 2,025
        Nepali  515 265 250 3,640 1,850 1,795
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 540 265 270 5,780 2,925 2,860
        Norwegian  80 40 40 1,060 465 595
        Oromo  65 35 30 1,770 890 875
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  18,170 9,125 9,040 173,975 88,090 85,885
        Pashto  1,315 675 635 8,165 4,200 3,965
        Persian (Farsi)  7,280 3,650 3,635 98,905 50,110 48,790
        Polish  39,615 18,580 21,035 128,440 58,835 69,600
        Portuguese  25,130 11,945 13,185 147,725 71,605 76,125
        Romanian  4,975 2,345 2,635 41,980 19,835 22,140
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 15 20 1,035 455 580
        Russian  8,525 3,940 4,580 93,080 42,590 50,490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  40 15 20 1,120 450 670
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 1,360 665 695 14,930 7,345 7,590
        Serbian  8,680 4,250 4,430 41,910 20,750 21,165
        Serbo-Croatian  1,050 530 520 5,250 2,565 2,685
        Shanghainese  150 65 90 1,410 585 830
        Sign languages, n.i.e 135 75 60 1,580 835 745
        Sindhi  1,155 565 590 6,530 3,055 3,475
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  1,530 720 815 9,335 4,555 4,780
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 30 10 15 1,780 900 875
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 245 130 120 2,005 1,000 1,005
        Slovak  1,660 785 875 10,250 4,665 5,585
        Slovenian  1,710 785 925 7,505 3,475 4,030
        Somali  1,725 700 1,020 22,685 9,750 12,930
        Spanish  23,320 10,920 12,400 178,335 85,410 92,915
        Swahili  310 125 185 4,745 2,255 2,490
        Swedish  240 90 150 2,505 1,060 1,440
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  24,475 10,025 14,450 140,805 53,595 87,210
        Taiwanese  355 175 180 3,020 1,390 1,625
        Tamil  10,880 5,335 5,545 111,060 54,760 56,300
        Telugu  1,495 750 750 6,730 3,525 3,205
        Thai  250 75 175 2,915 995 1,915
        Tibetan languages  275 135 135 3,965 2,005 1,960
        Tigrigna  270 135 140 5,560 2,605 2,955
        Turkish  1,905 975 930 16,615 8,755 7,865
        Ukrainian  10,950 5,115 5,835 41,455 18,275 23,185
        Urdu  39,505 20,120 19,385 128,730 65,470 63,260
        Vietnamese  10,840 5,060 5,780 65,915 30,920 34,990
        Yiddish  25 15 10 5,105 2,350 2,760
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 3,415 1,660 1,755 26,410 12,725 13,690
  Multiple responses          39,230 19,065 20,165 287,290 138,385 148,910
    English and French  2,735 1,285 1,445 46,605 21,805 24,795
    English and non-official language  33,975 16,600 17,375 219,425 106,790 112,635
    French and non-official language  1,405 650 755 13,645 6,285 7,365
    English, French and non-official language 1,115 525 590 7,615 3,495 4,115
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 1,103,675 538,675 565,000 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,730
  English only 985,595 489,615 495,980 10,984,360 5,445,050 5,539,310
  French only 920 390 520 42,980 18,805 24,175
  English and French 87,845 37,580 50,265 1,395,805 627,725 768,085
  Neither English nor French 29,325 11,090 18,235 298,920 118,765 180,155
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 1,103,675 538,675 565,005 12,722,065 6,210,340 6,511,730
  English 1,049,405 516,430 532,970 11,844,580 5,819,520 6,025,055
  French 15,305 6,750 8,555 500,270 235,620 264,655
  English and French 10,210 4,650 5,560 84,230 39,330 44,895
  Neither English nor French 28,755 10,850 17,910 292,980 115,860 177,115
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 20,410 9,075 11,340 542,390 255,285 287,100
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 1.8 1.7 2.0 4.3 4.1 4.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 1,103,680 538,675 565,000 12,722,065 6,210,340 6,511,730
  Single responses 1,018,435 497,075 521,360 12,156,790 5,936,965 6,219,825
    English 777,080 381,385 395,695 10,044,810 4,930,610 5,114,200
    French 6,215 2,875 3,340 284,115 133,495 150,620
    Non-official languages 235,140 112,815 122,325 1,827,870 872,860 955,010
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 10 10 5 5,935 3,000 2,930
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 5 1,920 950 970
        Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 5 0 0
        Inuktitut 10 5 0 80 20 60
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
        Ojibway 5 0 0 2,855 1,510 1,345
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 1,065 505 555
        Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 233,905 112,225 121,685 1,811,985 864,990 946,995
        African languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 1,405 675 730
        Afrikaans 140 70 80 775 385 390
        Akan (Twi) 355 145 210 5,305 2,390 2,915
        Albanian 1,855 945 915 10,055 5,075 4,980
        Amharic 165 70 95 5,280 2,400 2,880
        Arabic 14,370 7,150 7,220 76,410 38,095 38,315
        Armenian 345 160 185 7,375 3,435 3,940
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 885 420 465
        Bengali 2,255 1,110 1,140 26,895 13,495 13,405
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 5 5 0 40 20 20
        Bisayan languages 325 150 170 2,045 895 1,150
        Bosnian 930 455 470 3,525 1,765 1,760
        Bulgarian 1,140 575 560 5,165 2,535 2,630
        Burmese 70 35 35 885 425 460
        Cantonese 10,090 4,670 5,415 147,795 68,295 79,500
        Chinese, n.o.s. 12,620 6,030 6,595 135,665 64,765 70,895
        Creoles 425 205 215 4,720 2,120 2,600
        Croatian 4,020 1,970 2,055 13,185 6,320 6,865
        Czech 440 220 220 4,325 2,055 2,265
        Danish 25 10 15 335 170 170
        Dutch 225 110 115 5,395 2,535 2,855
        Estonian 75 30 45 1,260 475 785
        Finnish 80 45 40 2,280 1,005 1,270
        Flemish 15 10 5 230 105 130
        Fukien 85 35 50 1,045 495 550
        German 960 430 530 39,180 18,925 20,255
        Greek 1,380 655 730 23,590 11,185 12,405
        Gujarati 4,380 2,070 2,305 42,445 20,860 21,585
        Hakka 40 25 20 1,595 740 855
        Hebrew 50 25 20 5,240 2,630 2,610
        Hindi 4,430 2,125 2,305 24,650 12,200 12,450
        Hungarian 1,330 645 690 15,440 7,260 8,175
        Ilocano 215 95 120 2,920 1,170 1,745
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 1,175 590 590
        Italian 5,555 2,430 3,130 88,835 39,140 49,695
        Japanese 715 325 385 5,765 2,535 3,235
        Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 15 4,065 1,860 2,205
        Korean 7,410 3,600 3,815 47,245 22,575 24,675
        Kurdish 80 45 35 3,580 1,835 1,745
        Lao 65 30 35 2,855 1,445 1,410
        Latvian 125 55 70 1,270 535 730
        Lingala 5 0 0 240 95 140
        Lithuanian 510 235 275 1,780 765 1,015
        Macedonian 1,010 505 510 7,290 3,495 3,795
        Malay 530 245 290 1,925 920 1,005
        Malayalam 995 470 520 5,315 2,665 2,645
        Maltese 310 145 165 1,295 625 670
        Mandarin 11,065 5,405 5,660 96,610 46,980 49,630
        Marathi 540 280 265 1,980 1,015 965
        Nepali 355 190 170 2,480 1,260 1,220
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 50 75 1,830 870 960
        Norwegian 5 0 5 120 50 75
        Oromo 45 20 20 1,040 490 545
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 10,705 5,225 5,480 124,100 62,105 61,995
        Pashto 805 405 395 5,765 2,875 2,890
        Persian (Farsi) 4,610 2,210 2,395 69,200 33,860 35,335
        Polish 22,620 10,835 11,785 60,730 28,490 32,240
        Portuguese 10,235 4,835 5,400 70,210 33,690 36,520
        Romanian 2,740 1,335 1,405 22,845 10,960 11,880
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 375 180 195
        Russian 6,085 2,910 3,175 64,425 30,385 34,045
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5 395 165 230
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 915 445 475 10,360 4,980 5,375
        Serbian 5,615 2,705 2,910 26,000 12,665 13,335
        Serbo-Croatian 505 250 250 2,500 1,220 1,285
        Shanghainese 70 35 35 660 300 365
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 200 105 95 2,650 1,535 1,115
        Sindhi 480 235 250 2,835 1,265 1,565
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 680 320 360 4,480 2,195 2,280
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,410 710 695
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 565 265 300
        Slovak 685 340 350 3,185 1,485 1,700
        Slovenian 475 215 260 1,815 830 990
        Somali 1,110 445 660 15,450 6,520 8,935
        Spanish 14,200 6,780 7,420 106,735 51,645 55,085
        Swahili 80 40 45 2,025 940 1,080
        Swedish 40 20 25 410 200 210
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,625 4,650 5,970 65,225 27,135 38,095
        Taiwanese 170 85 85 1,495 710 785
        Tamil 7,440 3,565 3,875 83,645 40,665 42,980
        Telugu 875 430 435 3,820 1,955 1,870
        Thai 120 50 70 1,320 650 675
        Tibetan languages 185 90 95 3,200 1,615 1,585
        Tigrigna 115 55 60 3,075 1,390 1,680
        Turkish 1,170 590 580 10,395 5,265 5,135
        Ukrainian 5,625 2,670 2,950 15,240 6,810 8,425
        Urdu 24,350 12,270 12,080 83,520 41,750 41,770
        Vietnamese 7,700 3,605 4,095 47,355 22,240 25,120
        Yiddish 5 0 0 530 260 275
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 1,220 580 640 9,950 4,865 5,085
  Multiple responses         85,240 41,600 43,645 565,270 273,370 291,895
    English and French 2,140 920 1,215 37,955 17,250 20,705
    English and non-official language 80,970 39,725 41,245 509,105 248,050 261,055
    French and non-official language 500 235 260 6,370 2,855 3,520
    English, French and non-official language 1,630 715 915 11,845 5,225 6,620
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 1,103,680 538,675 565,005 12,722,060 6,210,335 6,511,725
  None 838,720 411,015 427,705 10,611,255 5,199,975 5,411,280
  Single responses  259,890 125,315 134,575 2,066,620 989,785 1,076,835
    English  110,315 54,695 55,620 848,410 416,070 432,340
    French  10,605 4,550 6,060 227,040 101,685 125,355
    Non-official languages  138,970 66,065 72,895 991,165 472,030 519,140
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 20 10 10 10,750 4,985 5,770
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0 2,120 980 1,140
        Dene  0 0 0 15 10 10
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Inuktitut  5 0 5 220 85 135
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5 50 20 30
        Ojibway  10 5 5 6,505 3,030 3,470
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 1,840 870 970
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 137,170 65,205 71,965 966,445 460,560 505,885
        African languages, n.i.e 105 45 60 1,340 675 665
        Afrikaans  225 110 115 1,285 630 660
        Akan (Twi)  475 210 265 4,585 2,195 2,390
        Albanian  865 410 455 4,625 2,315 2,310
        Amharic  190 80 105 3,085 1,430 1,655
        Arabic  8,645 4,520 4,130 45,670 24,305 21,360
        Armenian  230 110 120 3,700 1,785 1,910
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 35 60 1,490 675 810
        Bengali  1,140 580 565 8,115 4,155 3,960
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 5 50 25 20
        Bisayan languages  235 90 145 1,600 585 1,010
        Bosnian  445 215 235 1,790 875 915
        Bulgarian  430 215 215 2,240 1,050 1,185
        Burmese  30 15 20 405 200 205
        Cantonese  3,650 1,685 1,965 41,885 19,995 21,890
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,925 1,830 2,095 35,080 16,715 18,365
        Creoles  690 320 375 7,720 3,355 4,370
        Croatian  4,070 1,995 2,075 13,060 6,290 6,770
        Czech  435 180 255 3,765 1,645 2,115
        Danish  130 60 80 1,690 740 950
        Dutch  790 335 450 18,365 8,275 10,095
        Estonian  135 50 85 1,850 785 1,065
        Finnish  140 50 90 3,725 1,530 2,195
        Flemish  30 15 20 590 230 355
        Fukien  125 55 70 1,440 695 750
        German  3,025 1,335 1,690 44,850 20,385 24,470
        Greek  2,485 1,250 1,240 29,400 14,815 14,580
        Gujarati  3,100 1,515 1,580 17,855 8,935 8,915
        Hakka  60 20 35 1,010 480 530
        Hebrew  110 70 35 8,795 4,415 4,380
        Hindi  6,685 3,310 3,375 31,720 16,115 15,605
        Hungarian  1,055 480 575 11,610 5,225 6,380
        Ilocano  155 65 85 2,215 830 1,385
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 165 85 80 1,050 550 505
        Italian  8,500 4,090 4,410 100,275 49,240 51,035
        Japanese  615 265 350 5,765 2,425 3,350
        Khmer (Cambodian)  35 15 25 2,105 985 1,120
        Korean  1,775 880 895 11,915 5,615 6,300
        Kurdish  50 20 30 1,355 730 625
        Lao  65 25 40 1,600 815 785
        Latvian  140 50 90 1,525 620 900
        Lingala  75 30 45 1,220 505 715
        Lithuanian  435 195 240 1,685 675 1,010
        Macedonian  515 245 275 5,710 2,780 2,930
        Malay  415 180 235 2,010 875 1,135
        Malayalam  990 495 490 4,210 2,120 2,085
        Maltese  550 240 305 2,270 1,045 1,225
        Mandarin  2,515 1,140 1,380 22,435 10,105 12,330
        Marathi  355 170 190 1,255 620 640
        Nepali  75 30 40 655 325 335
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 585 280 310 4,890 2,350 2,540
        Norwegian  30 10 20 475 205 265
        Oromo  20 10 10 450 235 225
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  6,015 3,065 2,950 36,175 18,600 17,575
        Pashto  280 140 140 1,565 845 715
        Persian (Farsi)  1,655 830 825 19,325 10,130 9,195
        Polish  10,170 4,710 5,465 36,540 16,475 20,070
        Portuguese  10,585 4,980 5,605 56,065 27,195 28,865
        Romanian  1,415 660 755 11,640 5,370 6,265
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 10 15 535 225 310
        Russian  2,005 930 1,080 20,915 9,535 11,380
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 10 555 220 335
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 265 135 135 3,145 1,560 1,585
        Serbian  2,225 1,110 1,110 11,025 5,500 5,525
        Serbo-Croatian  295 160 135 1,355 675 675
        Shanghainese  45 15 30 460 185 275
        Sign languages, n.i.e 85 40 45 1,530 620 905
        Sindhi  380 185 195 2,660 1,255 1,410
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  690 330 365 4,160 2,055 2,105
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 175 85 95
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 75 40 40 570 280 295
        Slovak  510 225 280 2,965 1,305 1,665
        Slovenian  635 285 350 2,445 1,075 1,370
        Somali  685 325 360 7,410 3,415 4,000
        Spanish  7,590 3,540 4,045 64,810 31,120 33,695
        Swahili  305 125 175 3,240 1,485 1,755
        Swedish  125 55 70 1,240 520 720
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  8,650 3,410 5,240 48,070 17,385 30,690
        Taiwanese  100 45 60 1,050 480 570
        Tamil  2,960 1,490 1,470 23,860 11,970 11,885
        Telugu  335 160 175 1,730 910 820
        Thai  85 25 60 1,120 375 745
        Tibetan languages  45 25 20 445 235 210
        Tigrigna  125 65 65 1,945 930 1,015
        Turkish  510 265 245 4,610 2,460 2,150
        Ukrainian  3,230 1,475 1,750 12,170 5,285 6,880
        Urdu  10,710 5,440 5,265 34,535 17,635 16,895
        Vietnamese  2,495 1,185 1,310 15,425 7,320 8,105
        Yiddish  5 0 5 1,540 660 875
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 1,780 855 925 13,970 6,485 7,490
  Multiple responses          5,065 2,345 2,725 44,190 20,580 23,610
    English and French  735 310 425 6,970 3,210 3,760
    English and non-official language  2,015 1,005 1,005 15,600 7,690 7,910
    French and non-official language  2,280 1,010 1,270 21,270 9,505 11,765
    English, French and non-official language  35 20 20 350 170 180

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Mississauga Halton (Health Region), Ontario and Ontario (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 14, 2021).

National Household Survey data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga Halton
(HR)
Ontario
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 24.2%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 27.1%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,099,945 537,285 562,660 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
Canadian citizens 987,790 485,020 502,775 11,784,075 5,777,980 6,006,095
Canadian citizens aged under 18 232,120 119,475 112,645 2,563,970 1,318,410 1,245,560
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 755,670 365,540 390,130 9,220,105 4,459,570 4,760,540
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 112,150 52,265 59,885 867,715 403,465 464,250
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,099,945 537,285 562,660 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 601,325 300,425 300,895 8,906,000 4,410,240 4,495,765
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 487,140 231,670 255,465 3,611,365 1,706,385 1,904,985
Before 1971 69,470 32,865 36,600 723,030 341,820 381,210
1971 to 1980 61,420 28,715 32,705 464,380 217,990 246,390
1981 to 1990 71,545 34,465 37,075 538,285 258,095 280,190
1991 to 2000 126,105 60,055 66,050 866,220 408,270 457,950
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 158,610 75,565 83,045 1,019,460 480,210 539,250
2001 to 2005 86,095 41,420 44,680 518,405 245,850 272,550
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 72,515 34,145 38,365 501,060 234,360 266,695
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 11,480 5,190 6,290 134,425 64,825 69,600
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 487,145 231,670 255,470 3,611,365 1,706,380 1,904,985
Under 5 years 46,115 23,305 22,815 350,090 173,590 176,505
5 to 14 years 89,115 44,795 44,320 640,595 323,135 317,460
15 to 24 years 103,655 46,380 57,275 845,915 378,010 467,905
25 to 44 years 203,070 96,465 106,610 1,447,265 684,940 762,330
45 years and over 45,180 20,730 24,450 327,500 146,710 180,790
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,099,940 537,280 562,655 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 601,325 300,425 300,895 8,906,000 4,410,235 4,495,765
Born in province of residence 527,625 265,180 262,440 7,916,105 3,934,410 3,981,695
Born outside province of residence 73,695 35,240 38,460 989,900 475,825 514,070
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 487,140 231,675 255,470 3,611,365 1,706,385 1,904,985
Americas 62,715 27,455 35,260 580,045 256,295 323,750
United States 9,475 4,265 5,210 115,045 49,740 65,305
Jamaica 12,135 4,900 7,230 111,475 46,140 65,330
Guyana 7,300 3,155 4,145 80,070 35,575 44,500
Haiti 160 65 100 9,280 3,800 5,480
Mexico 1,630 740 895 27,185 12,665 14,515
Trinidad and Tobago 8,035 3,655 4,385 54,680 24,370 30,310
Colombia 4,835 2,285 2,550 26,720 12,535 14,190
El Salvador 1,010 460 545 19,650 9,975 9,670
Peru 2,200 950 1,250 10,315 4,465 5,855
Chile 1,415 665 750 8,630 4,140 4,490
Other places of birth in Americas 14,515 6,320 8,195 117,000 52,895 64,100
Europe 156,305 75,070 81,235 1,206,005 576,930 629,075
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 29,040 13,815 15,215 291,935 137,350 154,590
Italy 13,565 7,080 6,485 170,710 85,695 85,015
Germany 5,710 2,585 3,120 68,175 31,450 36,720
Poland 32,515 15,150 17,365 101,815 46,325 55,490
Portugal 17,400 8,615 8,780 103,765 50,910 52,855
Netherlands 2,290 1,110 1,180 53,395 26,960 26,435
France 1,065 545 520 12,935 6,020 6,915
Romania 4,710 2,200 2,515 40,700 19,140 21,555
Russian Federation 3,920 1,740 2,180 41,920 18,965 22,955
Greece 2,345 1,200 1,150 39,410 19,940 19,465
Ukraine 6,785 3,055 3,730 38,955 17,170 21,790
Croatia 6,670 3,155 3,515 27,940 13,370 14,565
Hungary 1,905 905 1,000 23,510 11,030 12,480
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,585 2,375 2,215 22,105 11,265 10,835
Serbia 4,385 2,180 2,215 23,845 11,385 12,455
Ireland, Republic of 2,315 1,005 1,305 16,995 7,900 9,090
Other places of birth in Europe 17,100 8,345 8,755 127,905 62,045 65,860
Africa 28,525 14,000 14,520 195,905 95,160 100,740
Morocco 245 105 140 5,395 2,535 2,865
Algeria 225 110 115 2,415 1,340 1,075
Egypt 8,615 4,605 4,005 26,200 14,035 12,160
South Africa, Republic of 2,590 1,285 1,305 18,405 9,230 9,175
Nigeria 2,415 1,200 1,215 17,220 8,740 8,480
Ethiopia 590 205 385 13,150 6,060 7,095
Kenya 2,725 1,240 1,485 14,170 6,400 7,770
Other places of birth in Africa 11,120 5,240 5,875 98,955 46,830 52,120
Asia 238,345 114,575 123,770 1,617,325 772,130 845,200
India 52,455 25,545 26,910 310,410 153,835 156,570
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 25,825 11,990 13,840 267,780 123,410 144,370
Philippines 37,310 16,135 21,175 204,035 83,860 120,175
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 9,345 4,430 4,910 105,855 49,885 55,970
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 11,900 5,605 6,290 79,645 37,480 42,160
Pakistan 35,810 18,125 17,685 114,595 58,165 56,430
Sri Lanka 11,050 5,325 5,725 110,800 54,755 56,050
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 4,025 2,145 1,885 70,305 36,070 34,240
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 8,730 4,100 4,625 55,485 26,190 29,295
Lebanon 3,495 1,840 1,650 30,135 15,770 14,365
Taiwan 2,565 1,210 1,355 17,420 7,765 9,660
Iraq 5,955 3,025 2,925 36,355 18,645 17,700
Bangladesh 2,745 1,340 1,405 30,210 15,595 14,615
Afghanistan 2,960 1,535 1,425 26,390 13,325 13,065
Japan 1,000 330 670 8,015 2,510 5,505
Turkey 1,400 745 650 13,875 7,215 6,660
Other places of birth in Asia 21,790 11,150 10,640 136,030 67,670 68,355
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 1,255 570 685 12,085 5,860 6,220
Fiji 320 155 170 2,395 1,140 1,255
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 935 415 520 9,685 4,720 4,970
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 11,480 5,185 6,290 134,425 64,825 69,600
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 72,510 34,145 38,365 501,060 234,365 266,695
Americas 9,620 4,585 5,035 82,225 38,805 43,425
United States 2,230 1,100 1,125 20,675 10,260 10,415
Mexico 505 250 255 6,640 3,010 3,625
Cuba 530 250 275 2,620 1,265 1,360
Haiti 40 0 0 3,785 1,505 2,285
Jamaica 885 465 420 8,610 4,135 4,480
Brazil 605 270 335 3,885 1,825 2,060
Colombia 1,790 850 940 10,720 5,115 5,605
Guyana 590 250 340 5,615 2,420 3,195
Peru 415 155 255 1,955 790 1,170
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 540 290 250 2,100 1,050 1,050
Other places of birth in Americas 1,490 680 810 15,615 7,430 8,185
Europe 9,255 4,230 5,030 59,945 28,535 31,410
France 100 65 35 1,805 885 915
Germany 165 105 65 2,040 995 1,040
Poland 1,595 580 1,010 3,190 1,135 2,050
Romania 620 255 365 4,725 1,990 2,740
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 125 70 50 1,415 665 745
Russian Federation 825 330 495 7,885 3,500 4,385
Ukraine 1,125 470 655 5,635 2,285 3,355
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,645 920 725 11,145 6,215 4,930
Other places of birth in Europe 3,055 1,435 1,625 22,105 10,860 11,245
Africa 6,465 3,145 3,320 40,950 19,620 21,325
Nigeria 1,270 600 675 7,410 3,665 3,740
Ethiopia 60 25 35 2,475 1,080 1,400
Mauritius 635 305 330 1,520 675 840
Somalia 145 45 95 2,430 1,050 1,380
Algeria 85 40 45 595 270 330
Egypt 2,440 1,225 1,215 6,240 3,215 3,020
Morocco 40 0 25 1,115 520 590
Tunisia 40 20 20 270 130 140
Cameroon 125 55 75 1,210 600 610
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 50 30 25 1,790 800 985
South Africa, Republic of 270 130 145 1,430 725 710
Other places of birth in Africa 1,305 660 645 14,465 6,895 7,575
Asia 47,000 22,100 24,905 316,080 146,340 169,740
Philippines 8,195 3,560 4,635 53,235 21,660 31,570
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 4,660 2,120 2,540 53,950 24,195 29,755
India 10,950 5,270 5,685 67,170 32,785 34,385
Pakistan 7,810 3,870 3,940 23,370 11,210 12,160
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 655 280 375 16,925 8,060 8,860
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,115 485 625 9,950 4,590 5,360
Sri Lanka 1,865 825 1,045 16,600 7,815 8,785
Iraq 2,400 1,145 1,255 12,085 5,925 6,155
Bangladesh 625 310 320 9,520 4,795 4,725
Lebanon 680 350 330 3,650 1,885 1,760
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 665 270 395 4,810 1,825 2,990
Taiwan 240 115 130 2,280 1,045 1,235
Afghanistan 555 320 240 4,885 2,535 2,350
Japan 110 40 70 1,905 500 1,400
Turkey 325 165 160 3,255 1,670 1,580
Israel 170 75 100 2,825 1,400 1,420
Nepal 385 180 200 2,780 1,490 1,295
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 175 50 125 2,120 860 1,265
United Arab Emirates 1,430 700 735 3,570 1,785 1,780
Saudi Arabia 755 415 340 2,470 1,330 1,140
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 525 280 235 2,030 1,050 975
Other places of birth in Asia 2,700 1,275 1,430 16,700 7,920 8,775
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 170 85 80 1,860 1,060 795
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,099,940 537,285 562,655 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 501,160 238,205 262,960 3,779,630 1,788,770 1,990,855
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 301,105 151,915 149,185 2,849,290 1,420,780 1,428,515
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 297,675 147,165 150,510 6,022,870 2,971,895 3,050,975
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,099,945 537,280 562,655 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,350
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 448,130 216,810 231,325 3,279,565 1,582,480 1,697,085
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 167,750 83,500 84,250 965,990 484,355 481,635
Chinese 61,350 29,450 31,905 629,140 301,575 327,570
Black 51,360 23,510 27,850 539,205 251,295 287,915
Filipino 49,140 21,880 27,260 275,380 116,825 158,555
Latin American 21,090 9,760 11,330 172,560 83,205 89,360
Arab 29,570 15,485 14,090 151,645 79,620 72,025
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 18,670 9,330 9,345 137,875 67,645 70,230
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 9,945 5,200 4,745 122,530 62,515 60,010
Korean 11,820 5,885 5,935 78,290 38,045 40,250
Japanese 3,800 1,770 2,025 29,085 13,345 15,740
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 10,420 4,625 5,790 81,130 37,300 43,830
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 13,220 6,420 6,805 96,735 46,765 49,970
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 651,810 320,475 331,335 9,372,225 4,598,965 4,773,260
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,099,940 537,285 562,660 12,651,795 6,181,445 6,470,345
North American Aboriginal origins 12,520 5,975 6,545 441,395 210,490 230,905
First Nations (North American Indian) 9,935 4,720 5,210 345,870 165,000 180,875
Inuit 325 180 140 6,175 2,815 3,365
Métis 2,535 1,210 1,325 97,045 46,365 50,680
Other North American origins 173,200 85,845 87,355 3,059,480 1,507,105 1,552,380
Acadian 750 345 405 15,180 7,350 7,825
American 9,045 4,390 4,650 136,500 64,910 71,595
Canadian 166,040 82,365 83,675 2,946,095 1,453,390 1,492,705
New Brunswicker 0 0 0 265 120 150
Newfoundlander 460 240 225 9,590 4,820 4,770
Nova Scotian 90 45 45 1,135 605 525
Ontarian 115 40 70 2,290 1,035 1,255
Québécois 240 105 135 6,115 2,880 3,235
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 100 45 50 1,385 645 745
European origins 621,600 303,960 317,640 8,231,410 4,019,885 4,211,525
British Isles origins 303,875 148,235 155,640 4,989,725 2,423,095 2,566,630
Channel Islander 90 60 25 960 515 450
Cornish 30 25 0 695 355 345
English 177,760 87,450 90,310 2,925,660 1,414,400 1,511,260
Irish 122,295 57,780 64,520 2,069,110 980,610 1,088,495
Manx 90 55 35 1,990 1,050 945
Scottish 123,280 59,260 64,015 2,080,545 1,005,460 1,075,090
Welsh 12,455 5,845 6,610 192,650 91,285 101,365
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 22,530 10,670 11,865 293,170 139,080 154,090
French origins 57,090 27,265 29,830 1,363,370 650,845 712,520
Alsatian 55 0 35 1,045 465 580
Breton 0 0 0 340 155 185
French 57,045 27,245 29,795 1,362,320 650,350 711,970
Western European origins (except French origins) 87,870 42,340 45,530 1,711,125 835,600 875,520
Austrian 6,085 3,050 3,035 68,790 33,745 35,040
Belgian 2,060 960 1,105 52,635 25,910 26,720
Dutch 22,575 10,750 11,825 508,595 250,305 258,290
Flemish 275 135 145 4,860 2,430 2,440
Frisian 75 50 20 2,705 1,465 1,245
German 60,255 29,005 31,245 1,154,550 561,145 593,405
Luxembourger 45 30 15 955 480 475
Swiss 2,875 1,525 1,355 57,270 28,440 28,830
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 45 20 25 675 300 370
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 15,055 7,390 7,670 255,555 123,125 132,435
Danish 3,380 1,630 1,745 53,145 25,695 27,455
Finnish 3,510 1,765 1,735 74,505 35,655 38,850
Icelandic 800 395 400 13,130 6,475 6,650
Norwegian 3,300 1,550 1,755 56,215 27,490 28,725
Swedish 4,410 2,180 2,230 67,795 32,095 35,700
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 540 260 275 8,985 4,350 4,640
Eastern European origins 139,830 67,765 72,065 1,219,960 589,425 630,540
Bulgarian 2,950 1,525 1,425 15,500 7,500 8,000
Byelorussian 1,090 495 605 8,785 3,920 4,860
Czech 3,310 1,670 1,640 39,795 19,100 20,700
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 1,090 535 555 14,380 6,765 7,615
Estonian 1,275 575 705 14,770 6,775 8,000
Hungarian 10,275 5,095 5,180 148,960 72,130 76,830
Latvian 1,435 650 785 16,320 7,825 8,495
Lithuanian 3,725 1,865 1,860 29,315 14,635 14,680
Moldovan 380 220 160 2,650 1,310 1,335
Polish 69,810 33,640 36,170 475,565 229,855 245,705
Romanian 7,650 3,815 3,835 85,115 41,445 43,670
Russian 14,405 6,755 7,650 186,940 88,190 98,745
Slovak 4,520 2,190 2,325 38,240 18,855 19,385
Ukrainian 37,980 18,335 19,645 342,005 165,060 176,940
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 190 140 50 5,975 2,935 3,040
Southern European origins 203,360 101,490 101,870 1,671,705 831,840 839,860
Albanian 3,810 2,000 1,810 21,170 10,725 10,445
Bosnian 3,040 1,595 1,445 13,345 6,900 6,445
Croatian 16,800 8,405 8,400 74,020 37,140 36,885
Cypriot 325 205 125 3,920 1,810 2,110
Greek 12,465 6,550 5,915 140,970 72,215 68,755
Italian 81,510 41,330 40,185 883,990 442,710 441,280
Kosovar 320 150 170 1,675 815 865
Macedonian 3,795 2,050 1,740 34,065 17,265 16,800
Maltese 5,960 3,005 2,960 33,455 16,820 16,630
Montenegrin 370 190 180 2,050 1,110 940
Portuguese 50,355 24,835 25,520 295,030 146,645 148,385
Serbian 11,205 5,665 5,540 56,760 28,630 28,125
Sicilian 195 85 105 3,200 1,670 1,530
Slovenian 5,065 2,520 2,550 24,585 12,115 12,465
Spanish 22,465 10,590 11,875 164,650 77,185 87,465
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 2,065 1,040 1,030 25,975 12,530 13,440
Southern European origins, n.i.e.