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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Regional Area Health Unit
(HR)
Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR)
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 1 58.8 59.1 58.5 58.7 59.1 58.4
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 3 75.0 77.4 72.8 73.3 74.7 72.0
Perceived life stress (%) Health data: Footnote 5 22.0 18.2 25.6 22.9 19.9 25.8
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (%) Health data: Footnote 6 59.0 64.3 54.1 59.6 66.9 52.5
Overweight (%) Health data: Footnote 7 39.5 43.0 36.1 37.6 44.9 30.5
Obese (%) Health data: Footnote 8 19.6 21.2 18.0 22.0 22.0 22.0
Arthritis (%) Health data: Footnote 10 21.2 16.4 25.9 21.0 17.0 24.9
Diabetes (%) Health data: Footnote 11 8.7 9.7 7.8Note E: use with caution 7.5 7.9 7.2
Asthma (%) Health data: Footnote 12 9.2 8.1Note E: use with caution 10.3 8.9 7.0 10.7
High blood pressure (%) Health data: Footnote 13 18.4 19.3 17.5 20.2 21.8 18.8
Mood disorder (%) Health data: Footnote 14 8.6 6.4Note E: use with caution 10.6 8.8 6.2 11.3
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (%) Health data: Footnote 15 18.1 14.1 21.9 17.0 13.0 20.8
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (%) Health data: Footnote 16 18.2 16.1 20.2 18.2 15.1 21.0
Low birth weight (% of live births) Health data: Footnote 17 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.5 6.4
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (%) Health data: Footnote 18 5.5Note E: use with caution 3.5Note E: use with caution 7.3Note E: use with caution 5.3 4.4Note E: use with caution 6.1
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (%) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (%) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Hospitalized stroke event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 21 112 139 91 115 133 99
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 22 263 365 177 228 315 153
Injury hospitalization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 23 492 555 423 484 542 416
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 423.5 467.1 394.1 424.2 478.3 386.1
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 50.0 64.3 38.2 50.4 64.4 38.9
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 54.1 63.0 47.6 55.6 67.3 46.7
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 110.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 109.0
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable 131.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 135.5 Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (%) Health data: Footnote 29 18.6 20.4 16.8 20.7 23.6 17.9
Current smoker, daily (%) Health data: Footnote 30 15.6 17.5 13.8 17.2 19.6 15.0
Heavy drinking (%) Health data: Footnote 31 21.4 27.3 15.8 20.3 27.4 13.7
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (%) Health data: Footnote 32 55.6 57.5 53.8 56.3 59.7 53.0
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (%) Health data: Footnote 34 38.3 31.7 44.4 40.6 35.0 45.8
Bike helmet use (%) Health data: Footnote 35 29.2 25.5 34.0 33.6 31.3 37.0
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (%) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (%) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (%) Health data: Footnote 38 35.1 32.2 37.6 32.6 29.2 35.7
Mammography (%) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 70.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 73.1
Pap smear (%) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 70.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 71.7
Regular medical doctor (%) Health data: Footnote 41 92.7 91.4 94.0 92.5 89.6 95.3
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 82.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 82.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 29.3 Note ...: not applicable 29.3 28.9 Note ...: not applicable 28.9
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 13.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 45 303 335 271 303 335 272
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 46 8.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 47 15.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Self-injury hospitalizations (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 48 106 87 126 71 58 84
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 1.6 Note ...: not applicable 1.6 1.7 Note ...: not applicable 1.7
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 6.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 6.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.7 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 12.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 202.5 255.0 153.5 197.9 250.4 148.7
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 132.3 178.9 88.7 126.4 172.3 83.1
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 70.1 76.1 64.8 71.5 78.1 65.6
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 13.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 12.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 57 414 316 479 439 321 516
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (%) Health data: Footnote 58 5.2Note E: use with caution 5.7Note E: use with caution 4.8Note E: use with caution 4.9 6.0 3.8Note E: use with caution
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (%) Health data: Footnote 59 14.6 14.2 15.0 15.6 16.7 14.5
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 4.8 5.5 4.1 4.7 5.0 4.3
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 80.3 77.8 82.6 80.4 78.0 82.6
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 19.6 17.9 21.1 19.5 17.8 21.0
Total, all causes of death (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 65 581.1 728.0 470.3 571.7 706.6 468.1
All cancers, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 66 171.0 207.3 145.7 174.4 210.1 149.2
Colorectal cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 67 18.2 24.9 13.2 18.1 23.2 14.3
Lung cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 68 46.8 58.8 37.8 46.1 57.6 37.6
Breast cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 69 14.4 Note ...: not applicable 26.0 13.8 Note ...: not applicable 24.9
Prostate cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 70 8.6 22.3 Note ...: not applicable 8.7 22.5 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 71 190.0 242.3 151.3 175.2 221.7 139.3
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 72 112.7 149.3 84.9 101.1 136.4 73.8
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 73 36.4 40.5 33.8 32.9 34.3 31.5
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 74 40.8 52.5 32.6 41.2 51.0 34.0
Respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 75 40.5 54.6 32.3 43.0 55.4 35.4
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 76 10.2 13.7 8.2 12.0 14.4 10.5
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 77 2.7 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.9 2.1
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 78 27.6 37.9 21.5 28.5 38.1 22.7
Unintentional injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 79 29.6 41.7 18.7 28.4 38.8 19.0
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 80 9.8 14.4 5.3 8.2 12.7 3.8
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 81 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 1.1 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 0.8 1.3 0.4
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 273.7 344.1 208.2 272.4 341.2 208.1
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (%) Health data: Footnote 83 69.8 69.5 70.1 67.1 64.4 69.6
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (%) Health data: Footnote 84 91.5 91.9 91.2 92.5 92.6 92.3
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (%) Health data: Footnote 85 90.7 88.3 93.1 89.7 87.0 92.4
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (%) Health data: Footnote 86 61.2 59.4 62.9 63.8 61.2 66.2
Unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 87 7.9 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 7.1 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (%) Health data: Footnote 88 15.9 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 14.6 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 89 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.5 4.5 4.6
Low income (%) Health data: Footnote 90 11.8 10.9 12.6 13.6 12.7 14.5
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (%) Health data: Footnote 91 13.9 13.8 14.0 16.5 16.7 16.3
Community  
Total population (%) Health data: Footnote 92 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Large urban population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 93 77.1 76.6 77.6 72.1 71.7 72.5
Medium population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 94 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.9 6.8 7.0
Small population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 95 10.9 10.9 11.0 9.0 9.0 9.1
Rural area population (%) Health data: Footnote 96 12.0 12.6 11.4 11.9 12.5 11.4
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 232.62 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 209.79 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (%) Health data: Footnote 98 63.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 61.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (%) 22.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 23.8 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (%) 16.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 14.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (%) Health data: Footnote 99 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.8 2.6 2.9
Immigrant population (%) Health data: Footnote 100 16.5 15.9 17.0 19.2 18.7 19.7
1 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 101 4.3 4.3 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.8
5 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 102 13.8 13.8 13.8 12.3 12.1 12.4
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (%) Health data: Footnote 103 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 99.9 99.9
Lone-parent families (%) Health data: Footnote 104 17.3 3.5 13.8 17.4 3.5 13.9
Visible minority population (%) Health data: Footnote 105 6.6 6.7 6.6 10.3 10.4 10.3
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (%) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 107 77 130 32 79 132 33
Percutaneous coronary intervention (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 108 197 292 110 187 282 100
Cardiac revascularization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 109 274 421 141 265 412 133
Hip replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 110 125 117 131 126 116 133
Knee replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 111 250 222 277 228 194 260
Hysterectomy (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 112 420 Note ...: not applicable 420 365 Note ...: not applicable 365
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 0.82 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.00 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Mental illness hospitalization rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 114 661 645 675 483 480 484
Mental illness patient days (per 10,000 population) Health data: Footnote 115 481 464 497 517 503 528
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 116 76 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 87 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 117 60 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 103 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

Return to health data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

Return to health data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR) = 27.9%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (Health Region), Ontario and Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (Health Region), Ontario (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 13, 2019).

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Regional Area Health Unit
(HR)
Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR)
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 431,345 208,735 222,610 1,358,810 660,575 698,230
0 to 4 years 20,665 10,570 10,100 69,945 35,910 34,030
5 to 9 years 21,800 11,235 10,565 72,840 37,465 35,370
10 to 14 years 24,285 12,290 12,000 79,290 40,565 38,725
15 to 19 years 28,490 14,545 13,950 92,075 47,180 44,890
15 years 5,600 2,840 2,760 17,615 9,025 8,585
16 years 5,585 2,835 2,750 18,240 9,355 8,885
17 years 5,640 2,880 2,760 18,425 9,365 9,060
18 years 5,685 2,910 2,775 18,600 9,485 9,120
19 years 5,975 3,080 2,895 19,200 9,955 9,240
20 to 24 years 27,225 13,940 13,285 87,640 44,600 43,040
25 to 29 years 23,175 11,580 11,590 78,355 38,945 39,415
30 to 34 years 22,460 10,935 11,525 76,500 37,100 39,400
35 to 39 years 24,560 11,875 12,690 81,455 39,470 41,990
40 to 44 years 28,125 13,600 14,525 92,025 44,835 47,190
45 to 49 years 34,275 16,650 17,620 109,160 53,335 55,825
50 to 54 years 34,055 16,395 17,665 107,300 52,565 54,735
55 to 59 years 31,580 15,165 16,415 95,815 46,020 49,795
60 to 64 years 29,585 14,220 15,365 86,395 41,695 44,700
65 to 69 years 23,405 11,345 12,060 66,230 31,785 34,440
70 to 74 years 18,330 8,590 9,735 52,225 24,490 27,730
75 to 79 years 15,375 6,865 8,510 43,775 19,390 24,385
80 to 84 years 12,480 5,225 7,250 35,270 14,605 20,670
85 years and over 11,470 3,710 7,760 32,515 10,620 21,895
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 44.1 42.7 45.3 42.3 41.0 43.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.5 83.7 85.3 83.7 82.8 84.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 364,585 174,640 189,950 1,136,735 546,630 590,105
Married or living with a common-law partner 210,010 105,005 105,010 652,330 326,215 326,115
Married (and not separated) 181,630 90,835 90,795 563,385 281,805 281,575
Living common law 28,380 14,165 14,210 88,945 44,410 44,530
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 154,575 69,635 84,940 484,410 220,410 263,995
Single (never legally married) 92,150 49,815 42,335 300,350 161,875 138,475
Separated 12,935 5,550 7,385 38,085 16,205 21,880
Divorced 22,615 9,045 13,570 69,110 27,300 41,815
Widowed 26,880 5,230 21,655 76,855 15,035 61,820
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 124,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 387,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 65,325 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 192,275 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 26,090 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 83,675 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 23,165 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 77,780 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 9,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 33,780 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 124,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 387,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 103,060 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 320,185 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 88,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 275,865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 43,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 125,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 45,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 149,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 17,105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 55,295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 19,460 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 65,730 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 8,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 28,895 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 14,140 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 44,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 8,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 25,750 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 5,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 18,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 2,880 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,995 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6,330 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,160 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 21,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 67,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 17,200 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 53,825 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 10,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 31,580 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 5,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15,800 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 1,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6,445 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 4,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,490 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 2,915 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,095 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,495 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 290 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,000 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 127,460 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 419,695 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 24,755 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 83,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 41,370 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 136,640 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 16,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 51,945 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 28,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 93,965 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 16,385 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 53,595 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 422,810 205,260 217,545 1,333,225 649,675 683,550
Number of persons not in census families 67,735 30,025 37,710 205,840 92,760 113,085
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 7,890 3,195 4,700 25,820 10,400 15,425
Living with non-relatives only 12,690 7,040 5,655 36,915 20,630 16,285
Living alone 47,155 19,790 27,365 143,105 61,730 81,375
Number of census family persons 355,075 175,240 179,835 1,127,385 556,920 570,465
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 75,400 34,145 41,260 213,995 96,190 117,805
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 24,335 6,825 17,510 69,705 19,210 50,490
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 2,915 695 2,220 9,445 2,190 7,250
Living with non-relatives only 1,240 620 625 3,380 1,690 1,690
Living alone 20,180 5,515 14,670 56,885 15,335 41,545
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 51,060 27,315 23,750 144,290 76,980 67,315
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 174,685 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 537,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 121,995 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 377,950 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 112,525 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 346,835 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 95,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 293,010 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 48,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 139,185 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 46,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 153,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 17,280 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 53,825 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 9,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 31,115 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 6,970 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 21,885 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 4,395 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 1,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 5,195 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 2,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 2,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,710 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 2,495 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,230 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 52,695 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 159,620 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 47,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 143,105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 5,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 16,515 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 174,685 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 537,570 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 119,790 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 341,725 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 9,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 57,455 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 345 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 44,985 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 137,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 8,995 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 22,185 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 10,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 49,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 5,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 18,720 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 48,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,325 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 174,685 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 537,570 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 47,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 143,105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 63,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 184,690 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 27,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 84,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 24,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 80,030 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 9,060 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 30,235 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 4,065 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 14,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 422,810 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,333,225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 425,490 206,600 218,890 1,341,780 654,170 687,605
  Single responses  419,995 204,065 215,930 1,322,660 645,050 677,610
    English  348,610 170,305 178,305 1,073,350 525,950 547,400
    French  13,285 6,160 7,125 25,455 11,695 13,760
    Non-official languages  58,100 27,600 30,500 223,855 107,410 116,455
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 50 20 30 140 60 80
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 5 15 45 20 25
        Dene  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5 5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5 10 5 5
        Ojibway  25 15 15 80 30 45
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 57,600 27,370 30,235 221,650 106,350 115,300
        African languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 275 125 150
        Afrikaans  100 50 55 325 155 170
        Akan (Twi)  35 20 15 275 140 130
        Albanian  130 55 75 1,405 725 685
        Amharic  25 15 15 260 130 125
        Arabic  2,020 1,075 945 9,965 5,310 4,655
        Armenian  220 105 115 590 285 305
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 50 25 25 240 100 140
        Bengali  150 70 75 1,285 655 630
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 5 5 5
        Bisayan languages  75 20 50 290 105 190
        Bosnian  165 85 80 1,145 570 580
        Bulgarian  290 145 145 525 260 275
        Burmese  5 0 5 70 30 40
        Cantonese  670 315 355 2,790 1,315 1,475
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,740 850 890 6,860 3,370 3,485
        Creoles  185 85 95 555 305 250
        Croatian  1,200 600 605 7,245 3,555 3,690
        Czech  305 150 160 1,960 920 1,040
        Danish  195 85 110 570 255 315
        Dutch  4,650 2,225 2,420 11,280 5,405 5,875
        Estonian  110 55 55 400 175 225
        Finnish  190 80 110 405 170 235
        Flemish  55 25 35 495 220 280
        Fukien  0 0 0 10 5 10
        German  6,965 3,180 3,785 15,395 6,960 8,435
        Greek  835 440 390 3,055 1,610 1,445
        Gujarati  480 255 220 2,010 1,035 975
        Hakka  5 0 5 15 5 10
        Hebrew  55 30 25 215 110 105
        Hindi  295 165 130 1,680 855 825
        Hungarian  1,980 930 1,055 6,760 3,175 3,580
        Ilocano  60 20 45 315 115 205
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 40 15 20 200 105 95
        Italian  11,695 5,805 5,890 32,010 15,845 16,165
        Japanese  305 90 210 750 250 500
        Khmer (Cambodian)  175 75 95 1,135 550 585
        Korean  845 400 445 3,190 1,505 1,685
        Kurdish  195 95 105 1,220 620 600
        Lao  260 135 125 690 340 350
        Latvian  135 55 85 620 250 370
        Lingala  5 0 0 40 15 20
        Lithuanian  140 70 70 835 345 490
        Macedonian  80 40 40 735 365 370
        Malay  35 10 25 185 70 115
        Malayalam  115 65 50 670 350 320
        Maltese  125 80 50 385 200 190
        Mandarin  565 270 295 2,885 1,360 1,520
        Marathi  35 15 20 160 85 75
        Nepali  25 10 10 90 40 50
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 50 30 25 210 115 90
        Norwegian  30 15 10 85 35 50
        Oromo  10 5 5 70 35 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  400 190 205 6,695 3,365 3,335
        Pashto  45 25 15 290 160 125
        Persian (Farsi)  370 185 180 3,180 1,620 1,565
        Polish  4,020 1,730 2,290 16,130 7,190 8,935
        Portuguese  775 370 400 11,035 5,510 5,525
        Romanian  360 180 175 2,820 1,350 1,465
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10 75 30 45
        Russian  880 370 515 3,005 1,320 1,685
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 10 70 30 45
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 1,795 890 905
        Serbian  1,515 755 760 7,940 4,000 3,940
        Serbo-Croatian  110 55 55 645 320 325
        Shanghainese  10 5 10 25 10 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 25 170 80 90
        Sindhi  40 25 15 175 85 90
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  70 35 30 365 180 180
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 260 135 120
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 95 45 50 300 150 150
        Slovak  500 220 280 1,435 620 815
        Slovenian  450 215 240 1,285 610 675
        Somali  125 65 60 945 435 505
        Spanish  4,190 2,055 2,130 14,400 7,015 7,385
        Swahili  100 50 55 390 175 215
        Swedish  85 30 55 220 95 130
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,340 455 885 6,230 2,310 3,925
        Taiwanese  15 5 10 90 45 50
        Tamil  110 45 70 625 305 325
        Telugu  35 15 20 195 100 100
        Thai  65 20 40 245 105 140
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0 10 5 5
        Tigrigna  35 15 15 150 70 80
        Turkish  300 160 140 1,150 605 545
        Ukrainian  2,005 865 1,145 5,290 2,255 3,035
        Urdu  640 340 300 4,680 2,380 2,300
        Vietnamese  635 300 330 4,410 2,125 2,280
        Yiddish  15 10 5 100 55 45
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 445 210 235 2,070 1,000 1,070
  Multiple responses          5,495 2,535 2,955 19,115 9,120 9,995
    English and French  1,390 630 760 3,205 1,470 1,740
    English and non-official language  3,730 1,730 1,995 14,480 6,980 7,505
    French and non-official language  270 120 150 1,070 505 565
    English, French and non-official language 100 55 45 360 170 190
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 425,490 206,605 218,885 1,341,780 654,170 687,610
  English only 390,425 191,365 199,060 1,242,615 611,760 630,850
  French only 495 185 310 1,025 430 595
  English and French 31,805 13,950 17,855 84,080 36,250 47,830
  Neither English nor French 2,760 1,100 1,660 14,060 5,730 8,330
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 425,490 206,600 218,885 1,341,780 654,170 687,610
  English 409,195 199,230 209,960 1,300,045 635,680 664,360
  French 12,575 5,825 6,750 24,230 11,140 13,085
  English and French 1,055 485 565 3,880 1,845 2,035
  Neither English nor French 2,670 1,055 1,615 13,625 5,505 8,125
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 13,100 6,065 7,035 26,170 12,070 14,100
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 3.1 2.9 3.2 2.0 1.8 2.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 425,490 206,600 218,890 1,341,780 654,175 687,610
  Single responses 417,180 202,700 214,485 1,307,325 637,630 669,695
    English 391,690 190,860 200,835 1,200,065 586,515 613,555
    French 4,080 1,805 2,275 7,835 3,485 4,345
    Non-official languages 21,405 10,030 11,375 99,425 47,625 51,795
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 5 5 5 40 15 30
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
        Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 5 5 40 15 25
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 21,320 9,985 11,330 98,640 47,220 51,425
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 245 120 125
        Afrikaans 45 20 25 165 80 80
        Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 100 50 55
        Albanian 90 40 50 975 490 485
        Amharic 5 0 0 110 50 60
        Arabic 1,275 615 660 6,110 3,060 3,050
        Armenian 95 45 50 220 100 120
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 65 30 35
        Bengali 90 40 45 885 440 445
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 15 10 5 95 45 55
        Bosnian 115 60 55 745 380 360
        Bulgarian 170 85 85 280 145 140
        Burmese 5 0 0 40 20 20
        Cantonese 435 215 220 1,795 850 945
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,260 620 640 5,565 2,885 2,680
        Creoles 80 40 40 285 170 115
        Croatian 340 155 185 2,860 1,350 1,505
        Czech 90 50 45 1,040 505 535
        Danish 15 10 10 30 15 15
        Dutch 255 105 150 700 315 385
        Estonian 15 5 5 80 30 50
        Finnish 45 20 25 65 30 30
        Flemish 5 0 5 25 15 10
        Fukien 0 0 0 5 0 0
        German 1,300 585 715 2,535 1,160 1,375
        Greek 290 145 145 1,110 530 580
        Gujarati 275 130 140 1,185 600 590
        Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
        Hebrew 35 20 15 100 50 50
        Hindi 130 70 55 800 410 390
        Hungarian 475 215 260 2,095 960 1,135
        Ilocano 15 10 5 125 45 75
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 35 25
        Italian 3,625 1,505 2,120 10,390 4,425 5,970
        Japanese 135 60 70 275 120 160
        Khmer (Cambodian) 95 45 50 670 320 350
        Korean 635 310 325 2,300 1,120 1,185
        Kurdish 150 70 80 875 435 445
        Lao 140 65 70 355 170 175
        Latvian 25 10 15 185 75 110
        Lingala 0 0 0 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 30 15 15 230 95 135
        Macedonian 20 15 10 285 145 140
        Malay 10 5 5 115 55 55
        Malayalam 50 25 20 315 155 160
        Maltese 20 10 10 55 30 25
        Mandarin 410 205 205 2,150 1,060 1,090
        Marathi 15 10 10 70 45 30
        Nepali 10 5 5 55 30 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 55 25 30
        Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 5
        Oromo 5 0 5 30 15 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 195 95 100 4,405 2,170 2,235
        Pashto 20 10 10 170 95 80
        Persian (Farsi) 200 95 105 2,015 955 1,060
        Polish 1,505 685 815 6,565 3,025 3,540
        Portuguese 245 115 135 4,590 2,210 2,385
        Romanian 160 75 85 1,425 700 725
        Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 40 20 20
        Russian 475 225 250 1,750 820 925
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0 10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,320 630 690
        Serbian 875 425 450 4,580 2,240 2,340
        Serbo-Croatian 35 20 15 285 145 140
        Shanghainese 10 5 10 10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 315 185 130
        Sindhi 10 5 5 50 20 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 15 150 70 80
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 55 30 30
        Slovak 90 35 50 430 195 235
        Slovenian 95 45 50 340 160 185
        Somali 80 40 40 640 285 355
        Spanish 2,610 1,310 1,305 8,770 4,415 4,355
        Swahili 40 20 20 180 80 100
        Swedish 5 5 5 40 20 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 210 275 2,580 1,135 1,450
        Taiwanese 10 5 5 60 30 25
        Tamil 55 25 35 340 160 175
        Telugu 15 5 5 110 50 55
        Thai 25 15 10 125 75 50
        Tibetan languages 15 10 5 10 10 5
        Tigrigna 15 5 5 70 35 35
        Turkish 205 100 100 675 350 325
        Ukrainian 455 185 275 1,255 510 745
        Urdu 355 180 170 2,905 1,440 1,465
        Vietnamese 445 215 230 3,215 1,545 1,665
        Yiddish 5 5 0 15 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 80 40 40 735 395 345
  Multiple responses         8,305 3,905 4,400 34,455 16,540 17,915
    English and French 950 410 540 2,060 940 1,115
    English and non-official language 7,145 3,400 3,745 31,430 15,160 16,270
    French and non-official language 65 30 40 400 195 200
    English, French and non-official language 150 65 85 570 245 330
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 425,485 206,600 218,885 1,341,780 654,170 687,610
  None 387,625 189,205 198,425 1,207,395 590,930 616,460
  Single responses  37,090 17,025 20,065 131,775 61,990 69,790
    English  10,975 5,180 5,790 44,215 21,515 22,695
    French  6,690 2,880 3,810 14,470 6,165 8,300
    Non-official languages  19,425 8,965 10,460 73,100 34,305 38,785
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 45 20 25 130 65 70
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 10 10 30 20 15
        Dene  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0 10 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Ojibway  20 10 5 80 40 45
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 5 0 5
        Stoney  0 0 0 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 19,060 8,795 10,270 71,640 33,660 37,985
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 120 60 60
        Afrikaans  35 20 20 150 75 80
        Akan (Twi)  45 35 15 160 95 70
        Albanian  15 5 10 240 120 115
        Amharic  20 10 15 105 55 50
        Arabic  640 355 285 3,115 1,695 1,420
        Armenian  70 35 35 175 80 100
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 140 60 80
        Bengali  30 20 15 290 160 125
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 10 75 35 40
        Bosnian  40 15 25 270 130 145
        Bulgarian  85 40 45 155 65 90
        Burmese  0 0 0 20 10 10
        Cantonese  175 80 95 780 360 420
        Chinese, n.o.s.  345 155 190 1,345 620 730
        Creoles  125 50 70 365 165 195
        Croatian  495 235 260 2,770 1,320 1,455
        Czech  95 45 50 435 190 245
        Danish  60 20 40 165 65 100
        Dutch  1,565 680 885 3,775 1,685 2,090
        Estonian  35 15 15 125 65 60
        Finnish  45 20 25 100 35 65
        Flemish  10 0 10 140 60 90
        Fukien  5 0 0 5 5 0
        German  2,040 905 1,125 4,995 2,180 2,815
        Greek  465 240 225 1,615 830 780
        Gujarati  120 70 50 575 300 280
        Hakka  0 0 5 5 0 0
        Hebrew  25 15 10 155 80 80
        Hindi  195 105 95 1,050 525 525
        Hungarian  595 270 325 1,950 880 1,070
        Ilocano  20 5 15 85 30 60
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 115 60 55
        Italian  4,425 2,180 2,240 11,880 5,820 6,060
        Japanese  155 50 110 395 160 240
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 30 35 295 140 150
        Korean  175 70 105 645 295 350
        Kurdish  20 10 5 230 125 100
        Lao  65 35 30 195 95 100
        Latvian  40 15 25 195 85 110
        Lingala  5 5 5 70 25 45
        Lithuanian  20 10 10 225 85 145
        Macedonian  30 15 15 245 110 135
        Malay  20 10 10 110 45 65
        Malayalam  35 25 15 255 135 120
        Maltese  45 25 15 160 70 90
        Mandarin  145 65 80 685 305 375
        Marathi  0 0 0 35 15 20
        Nepali  5 5 5 20 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 65 35 35 195 95 105
        Norwegian  15 5 5 40 20 20
        Oromo  0 0 0 10 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  155 70 80 1,725 900 825
        Pashto  15 5 10 75 40 35
        Persian (Farsi)  105 45 60 735 395 335
        Polish  1,125 470 655 4,880 2,130 2,750
        Portuguese  345 145 205 4,485 2,210 2,275
        Romanian  110 50 60 860 390 475
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5 30 15 15
        Russian  280 105 175 855 365 490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5 45 20 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 310 150 160
        Serbian  445 225 220 2,350 1,205 1,145
        Serbo-Croatian  30 20 10 175 90 85
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 95 35 60 215 75 140
        Sindhi  25 10 10 75 40 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  35 25 15 170 85 85
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 5 20 105 50 60
        Slovak  135 65 75 360 155 205
        Slovenian  155 65 95 380 160 215
        Somali  30 20 15 205 95 110
        Spanish  1,460 695 770 5,070 2,385 2,685
        Swahili  55 25 30 235 110 125
        Swedish  40 15 30 105 45 60
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  515 145 370 2,170 715 1,450
        Taiwanese  0 5 0 25 10 10
        Tamil  45 15 30 215 100 115
        Telugu  5 5 5 35 15 20
        Thai  35 15 25 105 45 60
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 5 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 5 65 25 35
        Turkish  75 40 35 325 165 155
        Ukrainian  585 260 330 1,540 650 895
        Urdu  200 95 105 1,205 595 610
        Vietnamese  150 75 80 1,015 490 525
        Yiddish  0 0 5 10 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 315 150 165 1,325 590 735
  Multiple responses          775 375 400 2,610 1,250 1,360
    English and French  105 60 45 300 155 145
    English and non-official language  150 75 75 700 355 345
    French and non-official language  515 235 280 1,600 735 865
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 5 15 10 5

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (Health Region), Ontario and Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (Health Region), Ontario (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 13, 2019).

National Household Survey data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Regional Area Health Unit
(HR)
Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant (HR)
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 28.6%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 27.9%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 422,810 205,295 217,520 1,332,960 650,330 682,630
Canadian citizens 408,550 199,235 209,315 1,280,480 626,205 654,270
Canadian citizens aged under 18 81,360 41,620 39,740 268,270 137,910 130,360
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 327,190 157,615 169,575 1,012,210 488,305 523,910
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 14,265 6,055 8,205 52,485 24,120 28,365
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 422,810 205,290 217,515 1,332,960 650,330 682,630
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 350,610 171,435 179,175 1,067,780 524,080 543,700
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 69,720 32,645 37,075 256,235 121,680 134,550
Before 1971 31,990 15,005 16,985 94,330 44,190 50,135
1971 to 1980 10,655 4,905 5,750 36,125 17,510 18,615
1981 to 1990 7,135 3,365 3,765 32,690 15,765 16,925
1991 to 2000 8,920 4,155 4,765 43,190 20,635 22,555
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,025 5,210 5,820 49,905 23,580 26,325
2001 to 2005 5,045 2,575 2,470 24,135 11,485 12,645
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 5,980 2,635 3,345 25,770 12,095 13,675
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,480 1,215 1,265 8,950 4,565 4,380
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 69,715 32,640 37,080 256,230 121,680 134,550
Under 5 years 9,510 4,670 4,840 31,690 15,930 15,760
5 to 14 years 14,695 7,425 7,265 51,340 26,095 25,250
15 to 24 years 18,180 7,985 10,195 65,610 29,065 36,550
25 to 44 years 23,835 10,960 12,880 91,990 43,630 48,360
45 years and over 3,500 1,600 1,900 15,595 6,960 8,630
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 422,810 205,295 217,520 1,332,960 650,330 682,630
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 350,615 171,435 179,175 1,067,775 524,080 543,700
Born in province of residence 319,025 156,840 162,180 970,375 478,410 491,965
Born outside province of residence 31,590 14,595 16,995 97,405 45,670 51,735
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 69,715 32,640 37,080 256,235 121,685 134,555
Americas 13,330 5,820 7,505 37,465 16,600 20,865
United States 7,100 2,625 4,475 14,900 5,925 8,975
Jamaica 660 330 330 3,795 1,775 2,020
Guyana 150 65 85 1,475 650 825
Haiti 250 105 145 470 205 260
Mexico 680 320 355 1,945 945 1,000
Trinidad and Tobago 560 345 215 2,015 915 1,100
Colombia 950 440 510 2,895 1,245 1,655
El Salvador 395 210 190 1,875 1,005 870
Peru 135 50 90 485 225 260
Chile 105 45 60 540 235 305
Other places of birth in Americas 2,340 1,285 1,055 7,070 3,470 3,595
Europe 43,650 20,760 22,885 147,765 70,630 77,130
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 14,395 6,695 7,700 45,240 20,995 24,240
Italy 8,280 4,200 4,080 21,610 10,980 10,635
Germany 3,280 1,570 1,715 9,075 4,155 4,925
Poland 3,155 1,460 1,690 12,390 5,560 6,830
Portugal 525 280 240 8,280 4,245 4,030
Netherlands 4,165 2,055 2,110 10,285 5,105 5,185
France 250 125 125 980 500 485
Romania 585 250 335 3,025 1,485 1,540
Russian Federation 550 265 285 1,430 635 795
Greece 415 230 185 1,990 1,085 905
Ukraine 1,145 470 670 2,550 1,085 1,460
Croatia 1,105 530 570 6,525 3,205 3,325
Hungary 1,080 445 635 3,385 1,590 1,800
Bosnia and Herzegovina 595 275 320 4,015 2,070 1,945
Serbia 645 290 355 3,065 1,455 1,605
Ireland, Republic of 565 240 330 2,100 985 1,115
Other places of birth in Europe 2,915 1,360 1,550 11,805 5,485 6,320
Africa 2,490 1,210 1,280 11,240 5,650 5,595
Morocco 35 20 20 220 125 95
Algeria 0 0 0 40 30 10
Egypt 220 125 100 1,685 900 780
South Africa, Republic of 315 130 185 1,595 780 820
Nigeria 120 65 55 460 240 215
Ethiopia 60 20 40 340 150 195
Kenya 130 40 90 770 350 420
Other places of birth in Africa 1,600 810 800 6,130 3,080 3,050
Asia 9,965 4,725 5,245 58,645 28,270 30,375
India 1,085 540 545 10,405 5,160 5,245
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,555 655 900 7,055 3,205 3,855
Philippines 2,000 825 1,175 8,800 3,650 5,145
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 305 150 160 1,120 515 600
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 630 330 300 4,285 2,065 2,220
Pakistan 480 245 235 4,145 2,200 1,945
Sri Lanka 165 80 85 980 495 490
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 215 130 85 1,715 930 785
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 705 390 315 2,810 1,345 1,460
Lebanon 220 100 115 1,335 640 700
Taiwan 110 20 95 530 255 275
Iraq 165 90 75 4,320 2,225 2,095
Bangladesh 140 80 60 850 390 460
Afghanistan 190 100 95 1,170 590 580
Japan 310 90 225 560 160 400
Turkey 230 150 85 995 545 455
Other places of birth in Asia 1,440 745 695 7,560 3,895 3,665
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 290 125 155 1,120 535 585
Fiji 0 0 0 40 0 35
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 280 130 155 1,080 525 555
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,480 1,215 1,270 8,950 4,565 4,380
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 5,980 2,635 3,345 25,770 12,090 13,680
Americas 2,310 1,090 1,220 6,680 3,105 3,575
United States 830 345 475 2,240 985 1,260
Mexico 75 20 50 495 215 285
Cuba 100 50 55 340 170 165
Haiti 235 100 135 380 160 225
Jamaica 190 95 95 510 275 235
Brazil 25 0 20 90 25 75
Colombia 465 210 255 1,415 600 815
Guyana 0 0 0 165 55 110
Peru 0 0 0 120 45 75
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 0 25 115 45 75
Other places of birth in Americas 350 250 105 810 540 270
Europe 1,005 455 550 4,900 2,360 2,540
France 0 0 0 75 25 50
Germany 85 30 55 165 65 100
Poland 50 10 40 205 70 135
Romania 0 0 0 425 205 225
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0 30 0 20
Russian Federation 45 35 0 225 95 130
Ukraine 90 15 65 290 110 180
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 305 175 135 1,250 685 570
Other places of birth in Europe 400 175 230 2,230 1,095 1,135
Africa 620 210 410 2,940 1,405 1,530
Nigeria 20 0 0 235 115 120
Ethiopia 0 0 0 70 50 25
Mauritius 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somalia 15 0 0 310 135 180
Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0
Egypt 15 0 0 290 170 125
Morocco 0 0 0 50 20 25
Tunisia 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0 65 30 35
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 90 30 55 305 140 170
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 110 65 45
Other places of birth in Africa 460 140 315 1,465 665 800
Asia 2,000 855 1,145 11,060 5,100 5,960
Philippines 575 200 380 2,280 910 1,370
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 270 110 155 1,150 475 675
India 180 80 100 1,600 780 825
Pakistan 105 35 65 740 350 395
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30 25 0 375 245 125
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 225 125 100 645 285 355
Sri Lanka 15 0 0 205 115 90
Iraq 30 25 10 1,265 610 650
Bangladesh 0 0 0 115 40 75
Lebanon 35 0 20 105 40 70
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 30 0 30 555 295 260
Taiwan 45 0 0 160 65 100
Afghanistan 125 75 50 250 120 130
Japan 70 0 60 130 25 100
Turkey 65 55 0 240 165 75
Israel 0 0 0 75 45 30
Nepal 0 0 0 20 0 15
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 30 20 15
United Arab Emirates 15 0 0 95 55 40
Saudi Arabia 20 0 0 80 40 40
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 50 30 0 120 55 70
Other places of birth in Asia 115 55 65 810 360 450
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 45 25 15 185 120 70
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 422,810 205,290 217,520 1,332,960 650,330 682,635
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 72,975 34,225 38,750 267,920 127,575 140,340
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 95,870 46,270 49,595 307,800 151,220 156,580
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 253,965 124,795 129,170 757,245 371,535 385,710
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 422,810 205,290 217,520 1,332,960 650,330 682,635
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 27,970 13,680 14,290 137,960 67,945 70,015
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,450 1,785 1,660 28,900 14,680 14,220
Chinese 4,150 1,860 2,285 16,485 7,935 8,550
Black 6,485 3,190 3,295 27,795 14,085 13,710
Filipino 2,970 1,225 1,745 12,425 5,355 7,065
Latin American 3,895 2,020 1,870 13,450 6,260 7,190
Arab 1,605 850 750 10,895 5,780 5,115
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,555 795 760 8,935 4,525 4,415
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 620 350 270 5,785 2,890 2,895
Korean 935 495 435 4,270 2,100 2,165
Japanese 755 330 425 2,160 1,055 1,105
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 580 235 345 2,450 1,215 1,230
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 970 530 440 4,405 2,060 2,345
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 394,840 191,610 203,225 1,195,000 582,385 612,615
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 422,810 205,290 217,520 1,332,960 650,330 682,630
North American Aboriginal origins 15,445 7,075 8,365 52,435 24,645 27,790
First Nations (North American Indian) 11,970 5,620 6,355 44,835 21,360 23,475
Inuit 225 105 120 665 305 360
Métis 3,530 1,485 2,045 7,495 3,270 4,230
Other North American origins 121,995 60,325 61,670 364,480 179,260 185,225
Acadian 545 260 285 1,540 740 805
American 7,065 3,440 3,625 18,210 8,725 9,480
Canadian 116,870 57,810 59,060 350,435 172,520 177,920
New Brunswicker 0 0 0 35 0 25
Newfoundlander 350 210 140 970 505 465
Nova Scotian 0 0 0 135 80 50
Ontarian 50 30 20 110 55 60
Québécois 155 80 75 550 305 245
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 70 30 45 215 80 140
European origins 346,195 167,010 179,185 1,045,110 507,830 537,285
British Isles origins 212,750 101,895 110,850 661,585 319,200 342,385
Channel Islander 45 30 10 170 120 50
Cornish 30 0 0 50 25 20
English 128,710 61,740 66,965 401,800 193,575 208,230
Irish 75,550 34,965 40,585 241,545 113,805 127,735
Manx 85 50 40 275 120 160
Scottish 85,065 40,325 44,740 274,920 131,445 143,470
Welsh 9,330 4,475 4,855 27,250 13,030 14,215
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 11,650 5,625 6,020 38,190 17,925 20,265
French origins 56,025 26,380 29,645 136,040 64,110 71,930
Alsatian 35 30 0 130 90 35
Breton 0 0 0 0 0 0
French 56,010 26,370 29,640 135,930 64,030 71,900
Western European origins (except French origins) 92,915 45,420 47,490 249,995 122,150 127,845
Austrian 2,515 1,260 1,255 8,130 4,015 4,110
Belgian 1,025 425 600 7,600 3,430 4,170
Dutch 33,955 16,825 17,125 89,600 44,290 45,315
Flemish 215 125 95 610 330 275
Frisian 195 115 75 625 315 310
German 60,590 29,460 31,135 158,470 77,210 81,260
Luxembourger 25 20 0 55 35 25
Swiss 1,910 840 1,065 5,255 2,580 2,675
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 35 0 0 55 25 25
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 8,320 3,985 4,340 25,540 12,395 13,140
Danish 1,740 820 915 6,480 3,110 3,375
Finnish 1,515 715 800 4,625 2,250 2,375
Icelandic 265 130 140 1,285 650 630
Norwegian 2,350 1,215 1,130 6,430 3,305 3,120
Swedish 2,440 1,105 1,340 6,910 3,200 3,710
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 395 175 220 1,170 530 645
Eastern European origins 60,690 29,330 31,360 173,240 83,475 89,765
Bulgarian 510 220 290 1,085 490 590
Byelorussian 45 0 45 350 120 230
Czech 1,360 580 780 5,570 2,500 3,070
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 665 300 365 2,460 1,075 1,390
Estonian 490 180 310 1,600 690 905
Hungarian 12,105 5,765 6,340 31,635 15,345 16,290
Latvian 420 200 225 1,885 890 995
Lithuanian 745 355 390 3,735 1,755 1,980
Moldovan 130 50 80 180 70 105
Polish 22,010 10,405 11,605 68,015 32,330 35,685
Romanian 2,760 1,325 1,435 9,610 4,690 4,915
Russian 5,915 2,820 3,085 14,290 6,885 7,410
Slovak 2,025 950 1,075 5,635 2,695 2,940
Ukrainian 20,505 10,215 10,290 52,765 25,685 27,085
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 20 0 10 240 120 125
Southern European origins 68,755 34,130 34,625 216,595 108,725 107,870
Albanian 155 90 60 1,580 805 775
Bosnian 530 280 255 2,830 1,530 1,300
Croatian 3,345 1,745 1,605 15,115 7,645 7,470
Cypriot 90 40 55 260 135 125
Greek 2,725 1,405 1,320 9,535 4,965 4,570
Italian 51,865 25,710 26,150 135,775 67,685 68,090
Kosovar 15 0 15 305 150 155
Macedonian 350 160 190 1,920 995 920
Maltese 1,125 570 555 3,450 1,775 1,675
Montenegrin 95 65 30 255 180 75
Portuguese 2,375 1,180 1,195 24,070 12,380 11,690
Serbian 2,045 1,035 1,010 10,655 5,360 5,290
Sicilian 165 110 55 855 490 365
Slovenian 1,565 725 840 4,245 2,000 2,245
Spanish 4,235 2,035 2,195 13,300 6,575 6,725
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,315 700 615 4,580 2,440 2,145
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0