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Health Profile, December 2013

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Health Profile, December 2013
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female health data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Regional Area Health Unit
(HR)
Canada
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Well-being  
Perceived health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 1 58.8 59.1 58.5 59.9 60.1 59.7
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent (%) Health data: Footnote 3 75.0 77.4 72.8 72.2 73.1 71.2
Perceived life stress (%) Health data: Footnote 5 22.0 18.2 25.6 23.2 21.7 24.6
Health Conditions  
Overweight or obese (%) Health data: Footnote 6 59.0 64.3 54.1 52.3 60.0 44.6
Overweight (%) Health data: Footnote 7 39.5 43.0 36.1 34.0 40.7 27.1
Obese (%) Health data: Footnote 8 19.6 21.2 18.0 18.3 19.3 17.4
Arthritis (%) Health data: Footnote 10 21.2 16.4 25.9 16.2 12.4 19.9
Diabetes (%) Health data: Footnote 11 8.7 9.7 7.8Note E: use with caution 6.3 6.8 5.9
Asthma (%) Health data: Footnote 12 9.2 8.1Note E: use with caution 10.3 8.3 7.1 9.6
High blood pressure (%) Health data: Footnote 13 18.4 19.3 17.5 17.5 17.3 17.7
Mood disorder (%) Health data: Footnote 14 8.6 6.4Note E: use with caution 10.6 7.1 5.1 9.0
Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe (%) Health data: Footnote 15 18.1 14.1 21.9 14.1 11.6 16.5
Pain or discomfort that prevents activities (%) Health data: Footnote 16 18.2 16.1 20.2 14.7 12.4 17.1
Low birth weight (% of live births) Health data: Footnote 17 5.9 5.8 6.0 6.0 5.6 6.4
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (%) Health data: Footnote 18 5.5Note E: use with caution 3.5Note E: use with caution 7.3Note E: use with caution 4.1 3.6 4.6
Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities (%) Health data: Footnote 19 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention (%) Health data: Footnote 20 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Hospitalized stroke event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 21 112 139 91 121 141 103
Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 22 263 365 177 205 289 130
Injury hospitalization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 23 492 555 423 516 576 443
Cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 24 423.5 467.1 394.1 404.9 464.6 361.3
Colon cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 25 50.0 64.3 38.2 49.9 60.8 40.8
Lung cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 26 54.1 63.0 47.6 56.9 69.3 47.6
Breast cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 27 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 110.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 98.4
Prostate cancer incidence (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 28 Note ...: not applicable 131.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 124.3 Note ...: not applicable
Health Behaviours  
Current smoker, daily or occasional (%) Health data: Footnote 29 18.6 20.4 16.8 20.1 22.7 17.5
Current smoker, daily (%) Health data: Footnote 30 15.6 17.5 13.8 15.3 17.3 13.3
Heavy drinking (%) Health data: Footnote 31 21.4 27.3 15.8 18.2 25.5 11.0
Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active (%) Health data: Footnote 32 55.6 57.5 53.8 53.8 56.3 51.5
Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day (%) Health data: Footnote 34 38.3 31.7 44.4 40.5 33.7 47.1
Bike helmet use (%) Health data: Footnote 35 29.2 25.5 34.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Human Function  
Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often (%) Health data: Footnote 36 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Functional health, good to full (%) Health data: Footnote 37 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Accessibility  
Influenza immunization (%) Health data: Footnote 38 35.1 32.2 37.6 29.6 26.1 32.9
Mammography (%) Health data: Footnote 39 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 70.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 72.5
Pap smear (%) Health data: Footnote 40 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 70.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 72.8
Regular medical doctor (%) Health data: Footnote 41 92.7 91.4 94.0 84.9 80.9 88.9
Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours) (proportion) Health data: Footnote 42 82.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 81.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Appropriateness  
Caesarean section (proportion) Health data: Footnote 43 29.3 Note ...: not applicable 29.3 27.1 Note ...: not applicable 27.1
Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 44 13.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 10.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Effectiveness  
Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 45 303 335 271 290 323 259
30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 46 8.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7.3 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day stroke in-hospital mortality (rate) Health data: Footnote 47 15.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 15.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Self-injury hospitalizations (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 48 106 87 126 67 54 80
30-day obstetric readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 49 1.6 Note ...: not applicable 1.6 2.0 Note ...: not applicable 2.0
30-day readmission - patients age 19 and younger (%) Health data: Footnote 50 6.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day surgical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 51 6.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
30-day medical readmission rate (%) Health data: Footnote 52 12.8 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Potentially avoidable mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 53 202.5 255.0 153.5 182.5 230.4 136.7
Avoidable mortality from preventable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 54 132.3 178.9 88.7 117.9 159.1 78.2
Avoidable mortality from treatable causes (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 55 70.1 76.1 64.8 64.6 71.2 58.5
Continuity  
30-day readmission rate for mental illness (%) Health data: Footnote 56 13.2 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 11.6 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Safety  
Hospitalized hip fracture event rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 57 414 316 479 435 311 518
Environmental Factors  
Second-hand smoke, exposure at home (%) Health data: Footnote 58 5.2Note E: use with caution 5.7Note E: use with caution 4.8Note E: use with caution 5.1 5.3 4.8
Second-hand smoke, exposure in vehicles and/or public places (%) Health data: Footnote 59 14.6 14.2 15.0 16.7 17.9 15.5
Deaths  
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) Health data: Footnote 62 4.8 5.5 4.1 5.0 5.4 4.6
Life expectancy at birth (years) Health data: Footnote 63 80.3 77.8 82.6 81.1 78.8 83.3
Life expectancy at age 65 (years) Health data: Footnote 64 19.6 17.9 21.1 20.2 18.5 21.6
Total, all causes of death (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 65 581.1 728.0 470.3 542.3 670.1 443.1
All cancers, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 66 171.0 207.3 145.7 166.4 202.1 141.1
Colorectal cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 67 18.2 24.9 13.2 17.9 22.4 14.3
Lung cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 68 46.8 58.8 37.8 45.4 57.8 36.1
Breast cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 69 14.4 Note ...: not applicable 26.0 11.9 Note ...: not applicable 21.8
Prostate cancer, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 70 8.6 22.3 Note ...: not applicable 8.3 21.0 Note ...: not applicable
Circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 71 190.0 242.3 151.3 157.3 199.8 123.7
Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 72 112.7 149.3 84.9 84.6 117.0 59.2
Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 73 36.4 40.5 33.8 30.8 33.4 28.6
All other circulatory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 74 40.8 52.5 32.6 41.9 49.5 36.0
Respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 75 40.5 54.6 32.3 45.0 59.4 36.1
Pneumonia and influenza, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 76 10.2 13.7 8.2 11.7 14.5 10.0
Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 77 2.7 3.0 2.6 2.4 3.0 2.0
All other respiratory diseases, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 78 27.6 37.9 21.5 30.8 41.9 24.0
Unintentional injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 79 29.6 41.7 18.7 25.1 34.5 16.3
Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 80 9.8 14.4 5.3 10.2 15.8 4.8
Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 81 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 1.1 Note x: suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act 1.2 1.9 0.5
Premature mortality (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 82 273.7 344.1 208.2 251.7 312.2 194.0
Personal Resources  
Sense of community belonging (%) Health data: Footnote 83 69.8 69.5 70.1 65.4 64.4 66.4
Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied (%) Health data: Footnote 84 91.5 91.9 91.2 92.3 92.4 92.3
Living and Working Conditions  
High school graduates aged 25 to 29 (%) Health data: Footnote 85 90.7 88.3 93.1 88.4 86.0 90.8
Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54 (%) Health data: Footnote 86 61.2 59.4 62.9 66.5 64.6 68.3
Unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 87 7.9 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 7.5 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Youth unemployment, aged 15 to 24 (%) Health data: Footnote 88 15.9 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period 14.2 Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Long-term unemployment (%) Health data: Footnote 89 5.0 4.9 5.1 4.3 4.3 4.3
Low income (%) Health data: Footnote 90 11.8 10.9 12.6 14.8 13.9 15.7
Children aged 17 and under living in low income families (%) Health data: Footnote 91 13.9 13.8 14.0 16.1 16.1 16.2
Community  
Total population (%) Health data: Footnote 92 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Large urban population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 93 77.1 76.6 77.6 60.0 59.5 60.4
Medium population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 94 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.7 8.6 8.9
Small population centre population (%) Health data: Footnote 95 10.9 10.9 11.0 12.4 12.3 12.5
Rural area population (%) Health data: Footnote 96 12.0 12.6 11.4 18.9 19.6 18.2
Population density (persons per km2) Health data: Footnote 97 232.62 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3.73 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Dependency ratio (%) Health data: Footnote 98 63.0 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 57.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Youth, under 20 years, as a proportion of total population (%) 22.4 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 23.5 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Seniors, 65 years and over, as a proportion of total population (%) 16.2 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period 12.9 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Aboriginal population (%) Health data: Footnote 99 2.1 2.1 2.2 4.3 4.2 4.3
Immigrant population (%) Health data: Footnote 100 16.5 15.9 17.0 20.6 20.0 21.2
1 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 101 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.2 4.2
5 year internal migrants (%) Health data: Footnote 102 13.8 13.8 13.8 13.9 13.9 13.8
Population living within a Metropolitan Influenced Zone (%) Health data: Footnote 103 100.0 100.0 100.0 86.7 86.4 86.9
Lone-parent families (%) Health data: Footnote 104 17.3 3.5 13.8 16.3 3.5 12.8
Visible minority population (%) Health data: Footnote 105 6.6 6.7 6.6 19.1 18.8 19.3
Health System  
Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months (%) Health data: Footnote 106 Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period Note ..: not available for a specific reference period
Coronary artery bypass graft (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 107 77 130 32 62 102 25
Percutaneous coronary intervention (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 108 197 292 110 172 265 87
Cardiac revascularization (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 109 274 421 141 233 365 111
Hip replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 110 125 117 131 105 100 108
Knee replacement (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 111 250 222 277 169 143 194
Hysterectomy (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 112 420 Note ...: not applicable 420 320 Note ...: not applicable 320
Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall (ratio) Health data: Footnote 113 0.82 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period Note .: not available for any reference period
Mental illness hospitalization rate (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 114 661 645 675 489 511 465
Mental illness patient days (per 10,000 population) Health data: Footnote 115 481 464 497 707 739 671
Resources  
Doctors rate - General/family physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 116 76 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 106 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Doctors rate - Specialist physicians (per 100,000 population) Health data: Footnote 117 60 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 103 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable

Health data: Symbols

Health data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
· not available for any reference period
·· not available for a specific reference period
··· not applicable
E use with caution
F too unreliable to be published
x suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

Health data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Perceived health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own health status as being either excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person himself or herself, or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding. Health means not only the absence of disease or injury but also physical, mental and social well being.

Perceived health is an indicator of overall health status. It can reflect aspects of health not captured in other measures, such as incipient disease, disease severity, physiological and psychological reserves as well as social and mental function. Perceived health refers to a person's health in general — not only the absence of disease or injury, but also physical, mental and social well-being.

Return to health data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 3

Perceived mental health, very good or excellent

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being excellent or very good or fair or poor, depending on the indicator. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general. Perceived mental health provides a general indication of the population suffering from some form of mental disorder, mental or emotional problems, or distress, not necessarily reflected in perceived health.

Return to health data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 5

Perceived life stress

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving that most days in their life were quite a bit or extremely stressful. Perceived life stress refers to the amount of stress in the person's life, on most days, as perceived by the person or, in the case of proxy response, by the person responding.

Stress carries several negative health consequences, including heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, as well as immune and circulatory complications.1 Exposure to stress can also contribute to behaviours such as smoking, over-consumption of alcohol, and less-healthy eating habits.

Return to health data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Overweight or obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Overweight

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Return to health data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Obese

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Body mass index (BMI) is a method of classifying body weight according to health risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, health risk levels are associated with each of the following BMI categories:

  • normal weight = least health risk;
  • underweight and overweight = increased health risk;
  • obese, class I = high health risk;
  • obese, class II = very high health risk;
  • obese, class III = extremely high health risk.

Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing the respondent's body weight (in kilograms) by their height (in metres) squared.

A definition change was implemented in 2004 to conform with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines for body weight classification. The index is calculated for the population aged 18 and over, excluding pregnant females and persons less than 3 feet (0.914 metres) tall or greater than 6 feet 11 inches (2.108 metres).

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Health Canada guidelines, the index for body weight classification is:

  • less than 18.50 (underweight);
  • 18.50 to 24.99 (normal weight);
  • 25.00 to 29.99 (overweight);
  • 30.00 to 34.99 (obese, class I);
  • 35.00 to 39.99 (obese, class II);
  • 40.00 or greater (obese, class III).

Obesity has been linked with many chronic diseases, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoarthritis and certain types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 10

Arthritis

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having arthritis. Prior to 2009-2010, data for this indicator covered population aged 12 and over.

Arthritis includes rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, but excludes fibromyalgia.

The term 'arthritis' describes many conditions that affect joints, the tissue surrounding joints, and other connective tissue. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The resulting pain, stiffness, swelling and/or deformity of the joints can substantially reduce quality of life.

Return to health data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Diabetes

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having diabetes.

Diabetes includes females 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the insulin produced is not used effectively. Diabetes may lead to a reduced quality of life as well as complications such as heart disease, stroke and kidney disease.

Return to health data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Asthma

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having asthma.

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and wheezing. Quality of life can be affected not only by asthma attacks, but also by absences from work and limitations in other activities.

Return to health data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

High blood pressure

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having high blood pressure.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and kidney failure. It can narrow and block arteries, as well as strain and weaken the body's organs.

Return to health data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Mood disorder

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as having a mood disorder, such as depression, bipolar disorder, mania or dysthymia.

Return to health data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Pain or discomfort, moderate or severe

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they usually have pain or discomfort.

Return to health data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Pain or discomfort that prevents activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having pain or discomfort that prevents activities.

Return to health data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Low birth weight

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth Database, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4303, 102-4304

Live births less than 2,500 grams, expressed as a percentage of all live births (birth weight known).

Counts and rates (percentages) in this table are based on three consecutive years of data which were summed and divided by three. Counts have been rounded and do not always add to the exact totals.

The reference period associated with these data reflects the mid-point of the three-year period.

Return to health data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 35 and over who reported being diagnosed by a health professional with chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Return to health data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Injuries within the past 12 months causing limitation of normal activities

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months. Repetitive strain injuries are not included. Refers to injuries which are serious enough to limit normal activities. For those with more than one injury in the past 12 months, refers to "the most serious injury", as identified by the respondent.

Return to health data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Injuries in the past 12 months, sought medical attention

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who sustained injuries in the past 12 months and who sought medical attention from a health professional in the 48 hours following the injury.

Return to health data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Hospitalized stroke event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized stroke event rate

Age-standardized rate of new stroke events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for stroke or a recurrent hospitalized stroke occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating of preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of strokes: fatal events occurring out of the hospital, non-fatal stokes managed outside acute care hospitals and those admitted to an acute care facility. Although strokes admitted to a hospital do not reflect all stroke events in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD); Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized acute myocardial infarction (AMI) event rate

Age-standardized rate of new AMI events admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 20 and older. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for an AMI or a recurrent hospitalized AMI occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period.

AMI is one of the leading causes of morbidity and death. Measuring its occurrence in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs. From a disease surveillance perspective, there are three groups of AMI events: non-diagnosed events, fatal events occurring outside the hospital and those admitted to acute care hospitals. Although AMIs admitted to a hospital do not reflect all acute myocardial infarctions in the community, this information provides a useful and timely estimate of the disease occurrence in the population.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Injury hospitalization rate

Source : National Trauma Registry (NTR), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of acute care hospitalization due to injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries), per 100,000 population.

This indicator contributes to an understanding of the adequacy and effectiveness of injury prevention efforts, including public education, product development and use, community and road design, and prevention and treatment resources.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Colon cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C18.0-C18.9, C26.0]

Return to health data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Lung cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites.  [C34.0-C34.9]

Return to health data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Breast cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C50.0-C50.9]

Return to health data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

Prostate cancer incidence

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Cancer Registry (CCR) Database and Demography Division (population estimates) 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 103-0404, 103-0405

Cancer incidence refers to new primary sites of malignant neoplasms.

World Health Organization, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition (ICD-O-3) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) rules for determining multiple primaries sites. [C61.9]

Return to health data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Current smoker, daily or occasional

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Occasional smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes occasionally. This includes former daily smokers who now smoke occasionally.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions1. According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Current smoker, daily

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being a current smoker.

Daily smokers refers to those who reported smoking cigarettes every day.

Does not take into account the number of cigarettes smoked.

Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory disease, and other conditions.1 According to the World Health Organization, smoking is an important and preventable cause of death.

Return to health data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Heavy drinking

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having 5 or more drinks on one occasion, at least once a month in the past year.

Heavy drinking refers to having consumed five or more drinks, per occasion, at least once a month during the past year. This level of alcohol consumption can have serious health and social consequences, especially when combined with other behaviours such as driving while intoxicated.

Return to health data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

Leisure-time physical activity, moderately active or active

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported a level of physical activity, based on their responses to questions about the nature, frequency and duration of their participation in leisure-time physical activity.

Respondents are classified as active, moderately active or inactive based on an index of average daily physical activity over the past 3 months. For each leisure time physical activity engaged in by the respondent, an average daily energy expenditure is calculated by multiplying the number of times the activity was performed by the average duration of the activity by the energy cost (kilocalories per kilogram of body weight per hour) of the activity. The index is calculated as the sum of the average daily energy expenditures of all activities. Respondents are classified as follows:

  • 3.0 kcal/kg/day or more = physically active;
  • 1.5 to 2.9 kcal/kg/day = moderately active;
  • less than 1.5 kcal/kg/day = inactive.

The health benefits of physical activity include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, some types of cancer, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, depression, stress and anxiety.

Return to health data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 34

Fruit and vegetable consumption, 5 times or more per day

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Indicates the usual number of times (frequency) per day a person reported eating fruits and vegetables. Measure does not take into account the amount consumed.

Fruit and vegetables are an important source of vitamins, minerals and fibre. A diet rich in fruit and vegetables may reduce the risk of heart disease and some types of cancer.

Return to health data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Bike helmet use

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they always wore a helmet when riding a bicycle in the last 12 months.

Return to health data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Participation and activity limitation, sometimes or often

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported being limited in selected activities (home, school, work and other activities) because of a physical condition, mental condition or health problem which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or longer.

Return to health data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Functional health, good to full

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over reporting measures of overall functional health, based on 8 dimensions of functioning (vision, hearing, speech, mobility, dexterity, feelings, cognition and pain).

A score of 0.8 to 1.0 is considered to be good to full functional health; scores below 0.8 are considered to indicate moderate to poor functional health problems.

Otherwise known as the Health Utility Index (HUI), this index, developed at McMaster University's Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis, is based on the Comprehensive Health Status Measurement System (CHSMS).

Return to health data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Influenza immunization, less than one year ago

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported when they had their last influenza immunization (flu shot).  The 2009 data on flu shots may include H1N1 vaccines received in the Fall of 2009. In 2010, the word "seasonal" was added to the questions in order to collect the two types of vaccines separately.

Return to health data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Received mammogram within the last 2 years, females aged 50 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0543

Women aged 50 to 69 who reported when they had their last mammogram for routine screening or other reasons.

Screening mammography is an important strategy for early detection of breast cancer.

Return to health data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Pap smear within the last 3 years, by age group, females aged 18 to 69 years

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2005.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0442

Women aged 18 to 69 who reported when they had their last Pap smear test.

Pap tests detect pre-malignant lesions before cancer of the cervix develops.

Return to health data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Regular medical doctor

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported that they have a regular medical doctor.

For many Canadians, the first point of contact for medical care is their doctor. Being without a regular medical doctor is associated with fewer visits to general practitioners or specialists, who can play a role in the early screening and treatment of medical conditions.

Return to health data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Wait time for hip fracture surgery (Proportion with surgery within 48 hours)

Proportion with surgery within 48 hours: Risk-adjusted proportion of hip fracture patients age 65 and older who underwent hip fracture surgery within 48 hours of admission to hospital.

Operative delay in older patients with hip fracture is associated with a higher risk of post-operative complications and mortality. Wait time for surgery following hip fracture provides a measure of access to care. The wait time may be influenced by comorbid conditions, hospital transfers and practice differences related to certain types of medications, like blood thinners. However, longer waits may indicate lack of resources, physician unavailability and/or other issues related to access to care.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Caesarean section

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Caesarean section

Proportion of women delivering babies in acute care hospitals by caesarean section.

Caesarean section rates provide information on the frequency of surgical birth delivery relative to all modes of birth delivery. Since Caesarean section delivery increases maternal morbidity/mortality and is associated with higher costs, Caesarean section rates are often used to monitor clinical practices with an implicit assumption that lower rates indicate more appropriate, as well as more efficient care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Patients with repeat hospitalizations for mental illness

Risk-adjusted percentage of individuals that had three or more episodes of care for a selected mental illness1 over all those who had at least one episode of care for a selected mental illness in general hospitals within a given year. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

This indicator is considered an indirect measure of appropriateness of care, since the need for frequent admission to hospital depends on the person and the type of illness. Challenges in getting appropriate care/support in the community and/or the appropriate medication often lead to frequent hospitalizations. Variations in this indicator across jurisdictions may reflect differences in the services that help individuals with mental illness remain in the community for a longer period of time without the need for hospitalization.

This indicator may help to identify a population of frequent users, and further investigations could provide a description of the characteristics of this group. Understanding this population can aid in developing/enhancing programs that may prevent the need for frequent rehospitalization.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Age-standardized acute care hospitalization rate for conditions where appropriate ambulatory care prevents or reduces the need for admission to hospital, per 100,000 population under age 75 years.

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions have been considered to be a measure of access to appropriate primary health care. While not all admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions are avoidable, it is assumed that appropriate prior ambulatory care could prevent the onset of this type of illness or condition, control an acute episodic illness or condition, or manage a chronic disease or condition. A disproportionately high rate is presumed to reflect problems in obtaining access to primary care.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following AMI may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variation in 30 day in hospital mortality rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that were not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

30-day stroke in-hospital mortality

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI. Rates are based on the 3 years of pooled data: April 1, 2009 - March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day stroke in-hospital mortality rate

The risk-adjusted rate of all-cause in-hospital death occurring within 30 days of first admission to an acute care hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.

To enable comparison across regions, a statistical model was used to adjust for differences in age, sex and co-morbidities. Adjusted mortality rates following stroke may reflect, for example, the underlying effectiveness of treatment and quality of care. Inter-regional variations in rates may be due to jurisdictional and institutional differences in standards of care, as well as other factors that are not included in the adjustment.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Self-injury hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Self-injury hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of hospitalization in a general hospital due to self-injury per 100,000 population.

Self-injury is defined as a deliberate bodily injury that may or may not result in death. This type of injury is the result of either suicidal or self-harming behaviours, or both. Self-injury can be prevented, in many cases, by early recognition, intervention and treatment of mental illnesses. While some risk factors for self-injury are beyond the control of the health system, high rates of self-injury hospitalization can be interpreted as the result of a failure of the system to prevent self-injuries that are severe enough to require hospitalizations.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

30-day obstetric readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day obstetric readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for obstetric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate - patients age 19 and younger

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for pediatric patients. 

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

30-day surgical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day surgical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult surgical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

30-day medical readmission rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day medical readmission rate

Risk-adjusted rate of unplanned readmission for adult medical patients.

Non-elective return to an acute care hospital for any cause is counted as a readmission if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous inpatient hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits.

Return to health data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Potentially avoidable mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through all levels of prevention (primary, secondary, tertiary) per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Avoidable mortality from preventable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been prevented through primary prevention efforts per 100,000 population. Mortality from preventable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Avoidable mortality from treatable causes

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths that could potentially have been avoided through secondary or tertiary prevention per 100,000 population. Mortality from treatable causes is a subset of potentially avoidable mortality.

Return to health data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), OMHRS, NACRS, CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: 30-day readmission rate for mental illness

Risk-adjusted rate of readmission following discharge for a mental illness. A case is counted as a readmission if it is for a selected mental illness diagnosis1 and if it occurs within 30 days of the index episode of inpatient care. An episode of care refers to all contiguous hospitalizations and same-day surgery visits in general hospitals.

Readmission to inpatient care may be an indicator of relapse or complications after an inpatient stay. Inpatient care for people living with a mental illness aims to stabilize acute symptoms. Once stabilized, the individual is discharged, and subsequent care and support are ideally provided through outpatient and community programs in order to prevent relapse or complications. High rates of 30-day readmission could be interpreted as a direct outcome of poor coordination of services and/or an indirect outcome of poor continuity of services after discharge.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

OMHRS: Ontario Mental Health Reporting System

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hospitalized hip fracture event rate

Age-standardized rate of new hip fractures admitted to an acute care hospital per 100,000 population age 65 years and over. New event is defined as a first-ever hospitalization for hip fracture or a subsequent hip fracture occurring more than 28 days after the admission for the previous event in the reference period. A person may have more than one hip fracture event in the reference period.

Hip fractures represent a significant health burden for seniors and for the health system. As well as causing disability or death, hip fracture may have a major effect on independence and quality of life. Measuring occurrence of hip fractures in the population is important for planning and evaluating preventive strategies, allocating health resources and estimating costs.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

Exposure to second-hand smoke at home

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported that at least one person smoked inside their home every day or almost every day.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

Exposure to second-hand smoke in the past month, in vehicles and/or public places

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Non-smoking population aged 12 and over who reported being exposed to second-hand smoke in private vehicles and/or public places on every day or almost every day in the past month.

Smoking includes cigarettes, cigars and pipes.

'Passive smoking,' or exposure to second-hand smoke, has negative respiratory health effects. Two of the most common associated diseases are lung cancer in adults and asthma among children.

Return to health data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 62

Infant mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Vital Statistics, Birth and Death Databases, 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4305, 102-4306

Infant mortality corresponds to the death of a child under one year of age. Expressed as a rate per 1,000 live births.

A long-established measure, not only of child health, but also of the well-being of a society. This indicator reflects the level of mortality, health status, and health care of a population, and the effectiveness of preventive care and the attention paid to maternal and child health.

Return to health data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

Life expectancy at birth

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Life expectancy at age 65

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2007/2009.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4307

Life expectancy is the number of years a person would be expected to live, starting from birth (for life expectancy at birth) or at age 65 (for life expectancy at age 65), on the basis of the mortality statistics for a given observation period.

A widely used indicator of the health of a population. Life expectancy measures quantity rather than quality of life.

For small populations (less than 25,000), life expectancy is shown with an 'E' (use with caution) to indicate that the quality of the estimates are more affected by the imputation method used when there are no deaths for a given age group.

Return to health data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Total, all causes of death

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death from all causes per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All causes of death [A00-Y89].

Return to health data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

All cancers, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All malignant neoplasms (cancers) [C00-C97].

Return to health data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

Colorectal cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Colorectal cancer [C18-C21].

Return to health data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Lung cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Lung cancer [C33-C34].

Return to health data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Breast cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Breast cancer [C50].

Rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.

Return to health data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

Prostate cancer, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Prostate cancer [C61].

Rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.

Return to health data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

Circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Circulatory diseases [I00-I99].

Return to health data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

Ischaemic heart diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Ischaemic heart diseases [I20-I25].

Return to health data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

Cerebrovascular diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69].

Return to health data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

All other circulatory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other circulatory diseases [I00-I02, I05-I09, I10-I15, I26-I28, I30-I52, I70-I79, I80-I89, I95-I99].

Return to health data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

Respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Respiratory diseases (excluding infectious and parasitic diseases) [J00-J99].

Return to health data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

Pneumonia and influenza, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Pneumonia and influenza [J10-J18].

Return to health data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Bronchitis, emphysema and asthma [J40-J43, J45-J46].

Return to health data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

All other respiratory diseases, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). All other respiratory diseases [J00-J06, J20-J22, J30-J39, J44, J47, J60-J70, J80-J84, J85-J86, J90-J94, J95-J99].

Return to health data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Unintentional injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Unintentional injuries [V01-X59, Y85-Y86].

External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).

Return to health data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

Suicides and self-inflicted injuries, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Suicides and self-inflicted injuries [X60-X84, Y87.0].

Return to health data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease, deaths

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2005/2007.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4309, 102-4310

Age-standardized rate of death per 100,000 population.

World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease [B20-B24].

Return to health data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Premature mortality

Source : Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates), 2006/2008.
CANSIM table no(s).: 102-4311

Age-standardized rate of premature deaths per 100,000 population. Premature deaths are those of individuals who are younger than age 75.

Return to health data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Sense of community belonging

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported their sense of belonging to their local community as being very strong or somewhat strong. Research shows a high correlation of sense of community-belonging with physical and mental health.

Return to health data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Life satisfaction, satisfied or very satisfied

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502

Population aged 12 and over who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their life in general. Starting in 2009, this indicator is based on a grouped variable. In 2009, the question was changed from 5-point answer category to an 11-point scale. The concordance between the two scales was found to be good.

Return to health data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

High school graduates aged 25 to 29

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 29 years in private households who have a secondary school diploma or equivalent.

'High school certificate or equivalent' refers to whether the person has completed a secondary school diploma or the equivalent, no matter what other certificates, diplomas or degrees he or she has.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

Return to health data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Post-secondary graduates aged 25 to 54

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Population aged 25 to 54 years in private households who have a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree. This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (secondary school diploma, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above the bachelor's level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

Return to health data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Adult unemployment, 15 years and over

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force aged 15 and over who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Youth unemployment

Source : Labour Force Survey (special tabulations), Statistics Canada, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5324

Proportion of the Labour force for youths, aged 15 to 24 years, who did not have a job during the reference period.

The labour force consists of people who are currently employed and people who are unemployed but were available to work in the reference period and had looked for work in the past 4 four weeks. The reference period refers to a one-week period (from Sunday to Saturday) that usually includes the 15th day of the month.

The unemployment rate is a traditional measure of the economy. Unemployed people tend to experience more health problems.

Return to health data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Long-term unemployed

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

The long term unemployed includes unemployed persons in private households who last worked in or before 2010.

Return to health data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Low income rate

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Children aged 17 and under living in low income families

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Low-income before-tax cut-offs represent income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20 percentage points more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing.

Economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

The economic family concept requires only that family members be related by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. By contrast, the census family concept requires that family members be a male or female married spouse, a male or female common-law partner, a male or female lone parent, or a child with a parent present. The concept of economic family may refer to a larger group of persons than does the census family concept. For example, a widowed mother living with her married son and daughter-in-law would be considered as a person not in a census family. That same person would, however, be counted as a member of an economic family along with her son and daughter-in-law. Two or more related census families living together also constitute one economic family as, for example, a husband and his wife living with their married son and daughter-in-law. Two or more adult brothers or sisters living together, apart from their parents, form an economic family, but not a census family. All census family persons are economic family persons.

Age refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

For additional information please refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary (http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/ref/dict/fam020-eng.cfm).

Return to health data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Total population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

The number of people living in a geographic area by sex.

A population's size and age/sex composition impact the health status of a region and its need for health services. Population data also provide the 'denominators' used to calculate rates for most health and social indicators.

For more recent estimates of health region population, see CANSIM table no. 109-5325.

Please note that the most appropriate 2011 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates.

Return to health data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Large urban population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Medium population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Small population centre population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Rural area population

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

A population centre has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.

Taken together, population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.

Population centres are classified into three groups, depending on the size of their population:

  • small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999;
  • medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.

Rates were calculated on randomly rounded data, and may not necessarily add up to 100%.

Return to health data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Population density per square kilometre

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Population density is the number of persons per square kilometre. The calculation for population density is total population divided by land area. Land area is the area in square kilometres of the land-based portions of standard geographic areas.

Return to health data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Dependency ratio

Source : Demography Division, Statistics Canada. Data are derived from the Census and administrative sources on births, deaths, and migration, 2011.
CANSIM table no(s).: 109-5326

The ratio of the combined population aged between 0 to 19 years old and the population aged of 65 years and over to the population aged between 20 to 64 years old.

This ratio is usually presented as the number of dependents for every 100 people in the working age population.

Return to health data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Aboriginal population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Aboriginal identity' refers to whether the person reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or being a Registered or Treaty Indian (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or being a member of a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Aboriginal identity is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Immigrant population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Immigrant status is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

1 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

It is reported for population aged 1 year and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

5 year internal migrants

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

'Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago' refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.'

It is reported for population aged 5 years and over residing in Canada, in private households.

Return to health data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Population living within a Census Metropolitan Area, a Census Agglomeration or a strong Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone.

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Strong census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zones (MIZ) is the population or the proportion of the population living in census metropolitan areas (CMA), census agglomerations (CA) and communities that fall outside CMA and/or CA that have at least 30% of the employed labour force commuting to CMA and/or CA. The Statistical Area Classification (SAC) groups census subdivisions according to whether they are a component of a census metropolitan area, a census agglomeration, a census metropolitan area and census agglomeration influenced zone (strong MIZ, moderate MIZ, weak MIZ or no MIZ), or the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut). Commuting flows are based on the 2006 Census place of work file.

A census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) is formed by one or more adjacent municipalities centred on a population centre (known as the core). A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. A CA must have a core population of at least 10,000. To be included in the CMA or CA, other adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuting flows derived from previous census place of work data.

Return to health data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Lone-parent families

Source : 2011 Census, Statistics Canada.
Related data: Not applicable

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), a common-law couple (with or without children of either and/or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child.

Return to health data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Visible minority population

Source : 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada.
Global non-response rates (GNR): Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (HR) = 28.6%, Canada = 26.1%
Related data: Not applicable

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

Visible minority is reported for the population in private households.

Return to health data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Contact with a medical doctor in the past 12 months

Source : Canadian Community Health Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011/2012.
CANSIM table no(s).: 105-0502, 105-0592

Population aged 12 and over who reported having consulted with a medical doctor in the past 12 months.

Medical doctor includes family or general practitioners as well as specialists such as surgeons, allergists, orthopaedists, gynaecologists or psychiatrists. For population aged 12 to 17, includes pediatricians.

Return to health data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Coronary artery bypass graft

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 and over.

As with other types of surgical procedures, variations in CABG surgery rates can be attributed to numerous factors, including differences in population demographics, physician practice patterns, and availability of services. In cases amenable to treatment with less invasive procedures percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), an alternative intervention to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, may be used. Variations in the extent to which PCI is utilized may result in variations the rate of in bypass surgery.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Percutaneous coronary intervention

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Percutaneous coronary intervention rate

Age-standardized rate of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

In many cases, PCI serves as a non-surgical alternative to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and is undertaken for the purpose of opening obstructed coronary arteries. While PCI encompasses several techniques, angioplasty is the procedure most frequently provided. The choice of revascularization mode (that is, PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.
Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Cardiac revascularization

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Cardiac revascularization rate

Age-standardized rate of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals or percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) performed on patients in acute care hospitals, same day surgery facilities or catheterization laboratories, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

The choice of revascularization mode (i.e., PCI or CABG) depends on numerous factors including severity of coronary artery disease, physician preferences, availability of services, referral patterns, as well as differences in population health and socio-economic status. The combined cardiac revascularization rate represents total activity of cardiac revascularization in a jurisdiction.

Rates for Quebec are not available due to differences in data collection. Canada rate does not include Quebec.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Hip replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hip replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral hip replacement surgery performed on inpatients in acute care hospitals per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Hip replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the hip replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population age 20 years and over and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Knee replacement

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Knee replacement rate

Age-standardized rate of unilateral or bilateral knee replacement surgery performed on patients in acute care hospitals or same-day surgery facilities, per 100,000 population age 20 years and over.

Knee replacement surgery has the potential to result in considerable improvement in functional status, pain relief, as well as other gains in health-related quality of life. Over the past two decades, rates of surgery have increased substantially. Wide inter-regional variation in the knee replacement rate may be attributable to numerous factors including the availability of services, provider practice patterns, and patient preferences.

Beginning with 2005/2006, this indicator is calculated for the population aged 20 years and older and includes same day surgery procedures, and therefore is not comparable with rates reported for previous years. Rates for the previous years, calculated using the new definition, are presented to enable comparisons over time.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Hysterectomy

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Hysterectomy rate

Age-standardized rate for hysterectomy provided to inpatients in acute care hospitals, per 100,000 women age 20 and over.

Utilization rates may reflect the level of uncertainty about the appropriate use of this surgical procedure. The "right" level of utilization is not known.

Beginning with 2006/2007 data, hysterectomy rates include both total and sub-total hysterectomies, similar to the reporting prior to 2001/2002 data.  Sub-total hysterectomy was not uniquely identified in the Canadian Classification of Health Interventions (CCI) versions 2001 and 2003, therefore hysterectomy rates reported for 2001/2002 to 2005/2006 fiscal years included only total hysterectomies. Identification of sub-total hysterectomies became possible again with version 2006 of CCI. For jurisdictions with higher volumes of sub-total hysterectomies comparability with the previous years might be affected.

Beginning with 2005/2006 data, this indicator includes same day surgery procedures. However, due to small counts of same day surgery procedures, comparability with the previous years is not affected.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Inflow/outflow ratio - Overall

Source : DAD, NACRS, CIHI; Alberta Ambulatory Care Database, Alberta Health and Wellness; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Inflow/Outflow ratio (Overall)

A ratio of the number of discharges from relevant facilities (acute care/same day surgery) within a given region divided by the number of discharges generated by residents of that region. An overall ratio is calculated for discharges associated with any diagnosis or procedure for acute care discharges only, and separately for hip replacement, knee replacement, hysterectomy, percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures from all relevant facilities.

This indicator reflects the balance between the quantity of hospital stays provided to both residents and non-residents by all acute care hospitals in a given region and the extent of acute care utilization by residents of that region, whether they receive care within or out of the region. A ratio less than one indicates that hospital stays utilized by residents of a region exceeded hospital care provided within that region, suggesting an outflow effect. A ratio greater than one indicates hospital stays provided by a region exceeded the quantity of stays utilized by its residents, suggesting an inflow effect. A ratio of one indicates that the volume of hospital discharges in the region is equivalent to that generated by its residents, suggesting that inflow and outflow activity, if it exists at all, is balanced.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

DAD: Discharge Abstract Database

NACRS: National Ambulatory Care Reporting System

Return to health data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Mental illness hospitalization rate

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness hospitalization rate

Age-standardized rate of separations from general hospitals through discharge or death following a hospitalization for a selected mental illness1, per 100,000 population.

Hospitalization rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include inpatients who were using hospital services but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability and accessibility of specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based services.

Monitoring hospital service use captures only the relatively small proportion of individuals who are acutely ill and require in-hospital treatment, compared to the much larger contingent that receives (or fails to receive) outpatient or community services. For these reasons, this indicator cannot be used to estimate the prevalence of mental disorders in the general population.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Mental illness patient days

Source : Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), Ontario Mental Health Reporting System (OMHRS), CIHI; Fichier des hospitalisations MED-ÉCHO, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec; April 1, 2011 to March 31, 2012.
Related data: Mental illness patient days

Age-adjusted rate of total number of days in general hospitals for selected mental illness1, per 10,000 population.

The patient days rate is a partial measure of general hospital utilization. It does not include patients who were admitted to hospital but had not yet been discharged within the fiscal year of interest. Patient-days are influenced by the number of hospitalizations and the length of stay. For the same number of hospitalizations, the rate of patient days will increase as length of stay increases. This indicator may reflect differences between jurisdictions, such as the health of the population, differing health service delivery models and variations in the availability of and accessibility to specialized, residential and/or ambulatory and community-based health services.

While this indicator does not include data from free-standing psychiatric facilities, it is acknowledged that in some jurisdictions (for example, Alberta) direct substitution between general and psychiatric facilities exists; the extent of this practice is unknown. As such, this indicator provides a partial view of hospital utilization for mental health issues in an acute setting.

1The mental illnesses selected for this indicator are substance-related disorders; schizophrenia, delusional and non-organic psychotic disorders; mood/affective disorders; anxiety disorders; and selected disorders of adult personality and behaviour.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Doctors rate - General/family physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Doctors

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Doctors rate - Specialist physicians

Source : Scott's Medical Database, CIHI; January 1st, 2011 to December 31, 2012.
Related data: Specialist physicians

Physician counts include all active physicians as of December 31 of the reference year. Physicians in clinical and non-clinical practice are included. Residents and unlicensed physicians who have requested that their information not be published are excluded. Generally, specialist physicians include certificants of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) and/or the Collège des médecins du Québec (CMQ) with the exception of Saskatchewan, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Yukon, where specialists also include physicians who are licensed as specialists but who are not certified by the RCPSC or the CMQ (that is, non-certified specialists). For all other jurisdictions non-certified specialists are counted as general practitioners with the exception of the criteria just noted, all other physicians are counted as family practitioners, including certificants of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. For further information on physician count methodologies please see CIHI's reports on the “Supply, Distribution and Migration of Canadian Physicians” and “Certified and Non-Certified Specialists: Understanding the Numbers” (www.cihi.ca).

Physician-to-population rates are useful indicators and are published by a variety of agencies to support health human resource planning. However, due to differences in data collection, processing and reporting methodology, CIHI results may differ from provincial and territorial data. Readers are cautioned to avoid inferences regarding the adequacy of provider resources based on supply ratios alone.

Note: Scott's Medical Database (SMDB) information may undercount physicians due to Provincial/Territorial licensing authority data supply interruptions. SMDB data does not reflect licensing authority updates for the following jurisdictions and years: British Columbia 2004; Québec 2003; Ontario 2002; Alberta and the Yukon 2000.

Refer to the technical notes for more details.

CIHI: Canadian Institute for Health Information

Return to health data footnote 117 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (Health Region), Ontario and Canada (table). Health Profile. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 13, 2019).

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 Census data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female census data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Regional Area Health Unit
(HR)
Canada
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data: Footnote 1 431,345 208,735 222,610 33,476,685 16,414,225 17,062,460
0 to 4 years 20,665 10,570 10,100 1,877,095 961,150 915,945
5 to 9 years 21,800 11,235 10,565 1,809,895 925,965 883,935
10 to 14 years 24,285 12,290 12,000 1,920,355 983,995 936,360
15 to 19 years 28,490 14,545 13,950 2,178,135 1,115,845 1,062,295
15 years 5,600 2,840 2,760 423,755 216,765 206,985
16 years 5,585 2,835 2,750 432,490 222,445 210,045
17 years 5,640 2,880 2,760 434,060 223,015 211,045
18 years 5,685 2,910 2,775 439,700 225,050 214,650
19 years 5,975 3,080 2,895 448,130 228,570 219,560
20 to 24 years 27,225 13,940 13,285 2,187,450 1,108,775 1,078,670
25 to 29 years 23,175 11,580 11,590 2,169,590 1,077,275 1,092,315
30 to 34 years 22,460 10,935 11,525 2,162,905 1,058,810 1,104,095
35 to 39 years 24,560 11,875 12,690 2,173,930 1,064,200 1,109,735
40 to 44 years 28,125 13,600 14,525 2,324,875 1,141,720 1,183,155
45 to 49 years 34,275 16,650 17,620 2,675,130 1,318,715 1,356,420
50 to 54 years 34,055 16,395 17,665 2,658,965 1,309,030 1,349,940
55 to 59 years 31,580 15,165 16,415 2,340,635 1,147,300 1,193,335
60 to 64 years 29,585 14,220 15,365 2,052,670 1,002,690 1,049,985
65 to 69 years 23,405 11,345 12,060 1,521,715 738,010 783,705
70 to 74 years 18,330 8,590 9,735 1,153,065 543,435 609,630
75 to 79 years 15,375 6,865 8,510 922,700 417,945 504,755
80 to 84 years 12,480 5,225 7,250 702,070 291,085 410,985
85 years and over 11,470 3,710 7,760 645,515 208,300 437,215
Median age of the populationCensus data: Footnote 2 44.1 42.7 45.3 40.6 39.6 41.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.5 83.7 85.3 83.2 82.5 84.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data: Footnote 3 364,585 174,640 189,950 27,869,340 13,543,130 14,326,215
Married or living with a common-law partner 210,010 105,005 105,010 16,084,490 8,045,795 8,038,700
Married (and not separated) 181,630 90,835 90,795 12,941,960 6,470,300 6,471,660
Living common law 28,380 14,165 14,210 3,142,525 1,575,495 1,567,035
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 154,575 69,635 84,940 11,784,855 5,497,335 6,287,515
Single (never legally married) 92,150 49,815 42,335 7,816,045 4,206,320 3,609,730
Separated 12,935 5,550 7,385 698,240 299,655 398,585
Divorced 22,615 9,045 13,570 1,686,035 680,415 1,005,620
Widowed 26,880 5,230 21,655 1,584,530 310,940 1,273,590
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 4 124,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,389,695 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 2 persons 65,325 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,679,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 3 persons 26,090 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,048,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 4 persons 23,165 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,870,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 9,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 791,130 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data: Footnote 5 124,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,389,700 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 103,060 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,861,855 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Married couples 88,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 6,293,950 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 43,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,891,215 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 45,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,402,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 17,105 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,288,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 19,460 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,475,220 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 8,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 638,740 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Common-law couples 14,140 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,567,910 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children at home 8,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 861,350 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children at home 5,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 706,555 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 2,880 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 321,865 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,995 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 273,620 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 111,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 21,505 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,527,845 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Female parent 17,200 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,200,295 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 10,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 710,225 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 5,005 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 352,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 1,925 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 137,920 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Male parent 4,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 327,545 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 child 2,915 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 216,910 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 children 1,095 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 85,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 or more children 290 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 24,860 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total children in census families in private households 127,460 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,971,320 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Under six years of age 24,755 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,217,355 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 to 14 years 41,370 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,322,875 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
15 to 17 years 16,175 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,240,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
18 to 24 years 28,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,062,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
25 years and over 16,385 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,128,280 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1.1 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 422,810 205,260 217,545 32,856,980 16,153,945 16,703,035
Number of persons not in census families 67,735 30,025 37,710 5,634,105 2,678,530 2,955,575
Living with relativesCensus data: Footnote 6 7,890 3,195 4,700 735,685 309,510 426,175
Living with non-relatives only 12,690 7,040 5,655 1,225,115 689,960 535,150
Living alone 47,155 19,790 27,365 3,673,310 1,679,055 1,994,250
Number of census family persons 355,075 175,240 179,835 27,222,870 13,475,410 13,747,460
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.9 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of persons 65 years and over in private households 75,400 34,145 41,260 4,551,900 2,081,795 2,470,110
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 24,335 6,825 17,510 1,527,630 445,865 1,081,770
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 6 2,915 695 2,220 224,755 52,375 172,380
Living with non-relatives only 1,240 620 625 87,185 42,230 44,955
Living alone 20,180 5,515 14,670 1,215,695 351,260 864,435
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 51,060 27,315 23,750 3,024,275 1,635,935 1,388,340
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data: Footnote 7 174,685 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Census-family households 121,995 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 9,103,965 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family-only householdsCensus data: Footnote 8 112,525 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 8,263,885 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 9 95,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,070,680 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 48,265 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,394,480 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 46,980 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,676,200 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 17,280 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,193,210 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other family householdsCensus data: Footnote 10 9,465 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 840,075 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-family households with persons not in a census family 6,970 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 572,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Couple-family householdsCensus data: Footnote 11 4,395 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 389,775 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Without children 1,840 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 144,240 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
With children 2,560 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 245,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Lone-parent-family households 2,575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 182,240 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-family households 2,495 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 268,065 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Non-census-family households 52,695 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,216,650 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
One-person households 47,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,673,305 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Two-or-more-person households 5,535 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 543,345 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data: Footnote 12 174,685 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Single-detached house 119,790 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 7,329,150 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 9,565 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,234,770 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Movable dwellingCensus data: Footnote 13 345 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 183,510 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other dwellingCensus data: Footnote 14 44,985 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,573,185 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Semi-detached house 8,995 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 646,245 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Row house 10,735 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 791,600 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, duplex 5,960 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 704,485 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 18,720 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,397,550 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Other single-attached house 575 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 33,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data: Footnote 15 174,685 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 13,320,615 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
1 person 47,155 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 3,673,310 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
2 persons 63,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 4,544,820 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
3 persons 27,015 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2,081,900 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
4 persons 24,085 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 1,903,300 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
5 persons 9,060 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 724,405 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
6 or more persons 4,065 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 392,885 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Number of persons in private households 422,810 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 32,856,975 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable 2.5 Note ...: not applicable Note ...: not applicable
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data: Footnote 16 425,490 206,600 218,890 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  Single responses  419,995 204,065 215,930 32,481,635 15,955,395 16,526,240
    English  348,610 170,305 178,305 18,858,980 9,345,225 9,513,750
    French  13,285 6,160 7,125 7,054,975 3,452,380 3,602,590
    Non-official languages  58,100 27,600 30,500 6,567,680 3,157,785 3,409,895
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 17 50 20 30 177,360 86,870 90,490
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 5,820 2,975 2,845
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 5 15 77,900 38,055 39,845
        Dene  0 0 0 11,215 5,500 5,720
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 10,785 5,205 5,580
        Inuktitut  0 0 5 33,500 16,725 16,775
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5 7,635 3,715 3,920
        Ojibway  25 15 15 17,625 8,340 9,285
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 9,835 4,890 4,945
        Stoney  0 0 0 3,050 1,465 1,580
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data: Footnote 18 57,600 27,370 30,235 6,312,435 3,032,860 3,279,570
        African languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 9,125 4,920 4,205
        Afrikaans  100 50 55 8,770 4,370 4,400
        Akan (Twi)  35 20 15 12,680 6,145 6,535
        Albanian  130 55 75 23,820 12,205 11,610
        Amharic  25 15 15 18,020 8,745 9,275
        Arabic  2,020 1,075 945 327,870 175,535 152,335
        Armenian  220 105 115 29,795 14,525 15,265
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 50 25 25 7,150 3,565 3,590
        Bengali  150 70 75 59,370 30,555 28,815
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 5,855 3,210 2,645
        Bisayan languages  75 20 50 16,240 6,185 10,055
        Bosnian  165 85 80 11,685 5,805 5,875
        Bulgarian  290 145 145 19,050 9,305 9,740
        Burmese  5 0 5 2,985 1,515 1,470
        Cantonese  670 315 355 372,460 173,510 198,955
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,740 850 890 425,210 200,800 224,410
        Creoles  185 85 95 61,725 27,620 34,105
        Croatian  1,200 600 605 49,730 24,395 25,335
        Czech  305 150 160 23,585 11,350 12,230
        Danish  195 85 110 14,145 6,950 7,200
        Dutch  4,650 2,225 2,420 110,490 54,060 56,425
        Estonian  110 55 55 6,385 2,755 3,630
        Finnish  190 80 110 17,415 7,390 10,020
        Flemish  55 25 35 4,690 2,060 2,635
        Fukien  0 0 0 5,925 2,730 3,190
        German  6,965 3,180 3,785 409,200 195,415 213,785
        Greek  835 440 390 108,925 55,085 53,840
        Gujarati  480 255 220 91,450 45,570 45,875
        Hakka  5 0 5 5,115 2,360 2,755
        Hebrew  55 30 25 18,450 9,865 8,585
        Hindi  295 165 130 90,545 45,170 45,375
        Hungarian  1,980 930 1,055 67,920 32,740 35,180
        Ilocano  60 20 45 17,915 6,945 10,965
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 40 15 20 5,255 2,860 2,395
        Italian  11,695 5,805 5,890 407,485 201,985 205,510
        Japanese  305 90 210 39,985 14,035 25,955
        Khmer (Cambodian)  175 75 95 19,440 9,095 10,345
        Korean  845 400 445 137,925 64,090 73,835
        Kurdish  195 95 105 9,805 5,350 4,445
        Lao  260 135 125 12,970 6,375 6,590
        Latvian  135 55 85 6,200 2,700 3,505
        Lingala  5 0 0 3,085 1,440 1,645
        Lithuanian  140 70 70 7,245 3,080 4,165
        Macedonian  80 40 40 17,245 8,405 8,840
        Malay  35 10 25 10,910 4,845 6,060
        Malayalam  115 65 50 16,080 8,200 7,875
        Maltese  125 80 50 6,220 3,125 3,100
        Mandarin  565 270 295 248,705 116,480 132,225
        Marathi  35 15 20 5,830 3,030 2,805
        Nepali  25 10 10 8,480 4,350 4,135
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 50 30 25 14,075 7,385 6,685
        Norwegian  30 15 10 5,800 2,745 3,055
        Oromo  10 5 5 11,140 6,075 5,060
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  400 190 205 430,705 217,015 213,685
        Pashto  45 25 15 12,465 6,470 5,990
        Persian (Farsi)  370 185 180 170,045 86,810 83,235
        Polish  4,020 1,730 2,290 191,645 87,905 103,745
        Portuguese  775 370 400 211,335 102,320 109,015
        Romanian  360 180 175 90,300 43,475 46,820
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10 3,975 1,875 2,100
        Russian  880 370 515 164,330 75,275 89,050
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 10 3,895 1,710 2,185
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15 16,970 8,395 8,575
        Serbian  1,515 755 760 56,420 28,125 28,290
        Serbo-Croatian  110 55 55 10,155 4,940 5,215
        Shanghainese  10 5 10 2,920 1,230 1,695
        Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 25 3,815 2,050 1,760
        Sindhi  40 25 15 11,330 5,290 6,040
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  70 35 30 14,185 7,070 7,110
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 4,360 2,225 2,135
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 95 45 50 3,630 1,850 1,785
        Slovak  500 220 280 17,580 8,045 9,540
        Slovenian  450 215 240 10,775 5,015 5,760
        Somali  125 65 60 31,380 14,260 17,120
        Spanish  4,190 2,055 2,130 410,670 199,110 211,565
        Swahili  100 50 55 10,090 5,050 5,045
        Swedish  85 30 55 7,350 3,170 4,175
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,340 455 885 327,445 131,405 196,045
        Taiwanese  15 5 10 9,635 4,450 5,185
        Tamil  110 45 70 131,265 65,145 66,120
        Telugu  35 15 20 9,315 4,910 4,405
        Thai  65 20 40 7,935 2,505 5,425
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0 4,640 2,365 2,270
        Tigrigna  35 15 15 10,220 4,990 5,230
        Turkish  300 160 140 29,640 15,865 13,775
        Ukrainian  2,005 865 1,145 111,540 49,570 61,975
        Urdu  640 340 300 172,800 88,295 84,500
        Vietnamese  635 300 330 144,880 68,255 76,625
        Yiddish  15 10 5 15,205 7,400 7,805
      Other languagesCensus data: Footnote 19 445 210 235 77,890 38,055 39,835
  Multiple responses          5,495 2,535 2,955 639,540 310,480 329,060
    English and French  1,390 630 760 144,685 69,975 74,710
    English and non-official language  3,730 1,730 1,995 396,330 192,000 204,330
    French and non-official language  270 120 150 74,430 36,535 37,890
    English, French and non-official language 100 55 45 24,095 11,965 12,130
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 425,490 206,605 218,885 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  English only 390,425 191,365 199,060 22,564,665 11,222,185 11,342,485
  French only 495 185 310 4,165,015 1,925,340 2,239,680
  English and French 31,805 13,950 17,855 5,795,570 2,876,560 2,919,005
  Neither English nor French 2,760 1,100 1,660 595,920 241,790 354,135
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 425,490 206,600 218,885 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300
  English 409,195 199,230 209,960 24,662,900 12,172,545 12,490,350
  French 12,575 5,825 6,750 7,507,890 3,671,815 3,836,075
  English and French 1,055 485 565 367,635 186,235 181,405
  Neither English nor French 2,670 1,055 1,615 582,755 235,280 347,475
Official language minority (number)Census data: Footnote 20 13,100 6,065 7,035 7,691,705 3,764,930 3,926,770
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 20 3.1 2.9 3.2 23.2 23.1 23.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 425,490 206,600 218,890 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300
  Single responses 417,180 202,700 214,485 31,958,800 15,701,165 16,257,640
    English 391,690 190,860 200,835 21,457,075 10,585,620 10,871,455
    French 4,080 1,805 2,275 6,827,865 3,348,235 3,479,625
    Non-official languages 21,405 10,030 11,375 3,673,865 1,767,310 1,906,555
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 5 5 5 114,610 58,055 56,550
        Atikamekw   0 0 0 5,365 2,800 2,565
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 44,520 22,555 21,970
        Dene 0 0 0 7,960 4,025 3,940
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 9,630 4,700 4,935
        Inuktitut 0 0 5 27,170 13,780 13,390
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 4,160 2,100 2,060
        Ojibway 0 5 5 6,850 3,555 3,295
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,875 3,525 3,350
        Stoney 0 0 0 2,070 1,025 1,045
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 21,320 9,985 11,330 3,531,990 1,695,585 1,836,405
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 4,130 2,085 2,045
        Afrikaans 45 20 25 4,465 2,230 2,235
        Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 6,545 2,980 3,560
        Albanian 90 40 50 13,765 6,985 6,775
        Amharic 5 0 0 10,760 5,065 5,695
        Arabic 1,275 615 660 181,790 92,840 88,950
        Armenian 95 45 50 19,140 9,035 10,105
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,815 865 950
        Bengali 90 40 45 42,065 21,140 20,925
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0 1,995 1,045 950
        Bisayan languages 15 10 5 5,390 2,395 2,995
        Bosnian 115 60 55 6,705 3,385 3,315
        Bulgarian 170 85 85 12,075 5,940 6,135
        Burmese 5 0 0 1,895 970 925
        Cantonese 435 215 220 288,620 133,355 155,265
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,260 620 640 297,295 141,425 155,870
        Creoles 80 40 40 25,475 11,045 14,435
        Croatian 340 155 185 18,730 8,950 9,780
        Czech 90 50 45 7,415 3,595 3,820
        Danish 15 10 10 945 475 465
        Dutch 255 105 150 11,530 5,485 6,040
        Estonian 15 5 5 1,450 550 895
        Finnish 45 20 25 3,335 1,480 1,855
        Flemish 5 0 5 455 210 245
        Fukien 0 0 0 1,900 875 1,030
        German 1,300 585 715 126,375 61,350 65,030
        Greek 290 145 145 47,705 22,800 24,905
        Gujarati 275 130 140 55,725 27,220 28,505
        Hakka 0 0 0 2,050 945 1,110
        Hebrew 35 20 15 8,400 4,245 4,150
        Hindi 130 70 55 47,080 23,215 23,870
        Hungarian 475 215 260 22,945 10,780 12,165
        Ilocano 15 10 5 6,160 2,610 3,550
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,285 1,165 1,120
        Italian 3,625 1,505 2,120 139,480 61,990 77,485
        Japanese 135 60 70 18,850 8,010 10,835
        Khmer (Cambodian) 95 45 50 11,330 5,250 6,075
        Korean 635 310 325 104,905 49,660 55,245
        Kurdish 150 70 80 6,000 3,125 2,875
        Lao 140 65 70 6,980 3,445 3,540
        Latvian 25 10 15 1,625 715 910
        Lingala 0 0 0 880 400 485
        Lithuanian 30 15 15 2,115 915 1,205
        Macedonian 20 15 10 7,775 3,740 4,035
        Malay 10 5 5 3,940 1,935 2,005
        Malayalam 50 25 20 7,955 4,010 3,940
        Maltese 20 10 10 1,330 640 690
        Mandarin 410 205 205 203,275 97,960 105,320
        Marathi 15 10 10 2,800 1,450 1,345
        Nepali 10 5 5 6,320 3,215 3,105
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 3,785 1,800 1,985
        Norwegian 0 0 0 575 275 300
        Oromo 5 0 5 4,745 2,445 2,305
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 195 95 100 317,075 158,375 158,700
        Pashto 20 10 10 8,700 4,390 4,310
        Persian (Farsi) 200 95 105 118,830 58,420 60,415
        Polish 1,505 685 815 85,210 39,945 45,260
        Portuguese 245 115 135 97,210 46,445 50,760
        Romanian 160 75 85 54,460 26,580 27,880
        Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 1,335 610 720
        Russian 475 225 250 109,735 52,320 57,420
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0 1,180 540 640
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 11,670 5,640 6,030
        Serbian 875 425 450 34,885 17,100 17,780
        Serbo-Croatian 35 20 15 5,040 2,465 2,580
        Shanghainese 10 5 10 1,325 610 715
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 50 35 6,305 3,685 2,620
        Sindhi 10 5 5 4,870 2,175 2,695
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 15 6,850 3,410 3,440
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,525 1,795 1,730
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,135 545 590
        Slovak 90 35 50 5,370 2,545 2,825
        Slovenian 95 45 50 2,475 1,095 1,380
        Somali 80 40 40 21,665 9,665 12,000
        Spanish 2,610 1,310 1,305 252,015 123,085 128,935
        Swahili 40 20 20 4,175 2,040 2,130
        Swedish 5 5 5 1,130 535 595
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 210 275 161,080 71,145 89,935
        Taiwanese 10 5 5 4,830 2,315 2,515
        Tamil 55 25 35 98,940 48,355 50,590
        Telugu 15 5 5 5,205 2,675 2,530
        Thai 25 15 10 3,215 1,470 1,745
        Tibetan languages 15 10 5 3,620 1,835 1,785
        Tigrigna 15 5 5 5,975 2,845 3,130
        Turkish 205 100 100 18,705 9,510 9,190
        Ukrainian 455 185 275 25,565 11,505 14,065
        Urdu 355 180 170 113,785 57,100 56,680
        Vietnamese 445 215 230 104,960 49,550 55,410
        Yiddish 5 5 0 6,860 3,515 3,350
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 80 40 40 27,265 13,670 13,595
  Multiple responses         8,305 3,905 4,400 1,162,370 564,710 597,665
    English and French 950 410 540 131,205 63,475 67,730
    English and non-official language 7,145 3,400 3,745 875,135 425,370 449,765
    French and non-official language 65 30 40 109,700 53,010 56,690
    English, French and non-official language 150 65 85 46,330 22,845 23,485
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 16 425,485 206,600 218,885 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305
  None 387,625 189,205 198,425 28,418,595 13,988,140 14,430,455
  Single responses  37,090 17,025 20,065 4,554,525 2,205,595 2,348,935
    English  10,975 5,180 5,790 1,910,475 948,755 961,715
    French  6,690 2,880 3,810 678,940 318,530 360,415
    Non-official languages  19,425 8,965 10,460 1,965,110 938,305 1,026,805
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 17 45 20 25 62,935 29,835 33,100
        Atikamekw    0 0 0 470 205 265
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 10 10 32,750 15,645 17,105
        Dene  0 0 0 3,245 1,535 1,710
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0 1,065 490 580
        Inuktitut  5 0 0 7,230 3,510 3,720
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0 3,135 1,435 1,700
        Ojibway  20 10 5 10,870 5,040 5,835
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0 3,300 1,570 1,730
        Stoney  0 0 0 865 410 455
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 18 19,060 8,795 10,270 1,857,185 887,115 970,070
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 3,625 1,930 1,695
        Afrikaans  35 20 20 4,185 2,075 2,110
        Akan (Twi)  45 35 15 6,105 3,010 3,095
        Albanian  15 5 10 6,155 3,095 3,055
        Amharic  20 10 15 5,665 2,785 2,875
        Arabic  640 355 285 116,375 62,625 53,755
        Armenian  70 35 35 6,690 3,270 3,420
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 3,595 1,735 1,860
        Bengali  30 20 15 11,405 5,925 5,475
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0 2,040 1,085 955
        Bisayan languages  20 5 10 4,015 1,515 2,500
        Bosnian  40 15 25 3,365 1,635 1,730
        Bulgarian  85 40 45 3,985 1,850 2,135
        Burmese  0 0 0 860 425 435
        Cantonese  175 80 95 83,955 40,200 43,755
        Chinese, n.o.s.  345 155 190 74,930 35,840 39,090
        Creoles  125 50 70 44,100 19,795 24,305
        Croatian  495 235 260 19,045 9,240 9,805
        Czech  95 45 50 7,540 3,415 4,120
        Danish  60 20 40 4,800 2,145 2,655
        Dutch  1,565 680 885 34,465 15,800 18,660
        Estonian  35 15 15 2,240 955 1,285
        Finnish  45 20 25 5,670 2,355 3,310
        Flemish  10 0 10 995 405 585
        Fukien  5 0 0 2,315 1,080 1,235
        German  2,040 905 1,125 117,070 54,490 62,585
        Greek  465 240 225 50,670 25,670 25,005
        Gujarati  120 70 50 25,635 12,745 12,890
        Hakka  0 0 5 1,490 685 805
        Hebrew  25 15 10 14,270 7,170 7,095
        Hindi  195 105 95 55,375 28,080 27,290
        Hungarian  595 270 325 19,135 8,770 10,360
        Ilocano  20 5 15 4,880 1,895 2,990
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 1,845 980 870
        Italian  4,425 2,180 2,240 156,885 77,220 79,665
        Japanese  155 50 110 19,050 7,875 11,175
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 30 35 5,425 2,545 2,880
        Korean  175 70 105 22,870 10,620 12,255
        Kurdish  20 10 5 2,295 1,245 1,045
        Lao  65 35 30 3,830 1,915 1,915
        Latvian  40 15 25 1,880 760 1,125
        Lingala  5 5 5 4,235 1,965 2,270
        Lithuanian  20 10 10 2,120 855 1,260
        Macedonian  30 15 15 5,950 2,890 3,060
        Malay  20 10 10 4,320 1,915 2,405
        Malayalam  35 25 15 6,110 3,085 3,020
        Maltese  45 25 15 2,405 1,110 1,300
        Mandarin  145 65 80 47,785 21,575 26,205
        Marathi  0 0 0 1,740 870 875
        Nepali  5 5 5 1,175 605 565
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 65 35 35 10,610 5,245 5,365
        Norwegian  15 5 5 1,935 885 1,050
        Oromo  0 0 0 3,315 1,740 1,580
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  155 70 80 83,180 42,490 40,695
        Pashto  15 5 10 2,315 1,245 1,075
        Persian (Farsi)  105 45 60 32,275 17,085 15,190
        Polish  1,125 470 655 54,580 24,580 30,005
        Portuguese  345 145 205 77,850 37,635 40,215
        Romanian  110 50 60 20,800 9,715 11,085
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5 1,925 925 1,000
        Russian  280 105 175 38,805 17,710 21,095
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5 1,805 775 1,030
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 3,685 1,850 1,835
        Serbian  445 225 220 14,890 7,460 7,425
        Serbo-Croatian  30 20 10 2,565 1,255 1,315
        Shanghainese  0 0 0 1,045 445 595
        Sign languages, n.i.e 95 35 60 4,300 1,800 2,505
        Sindhi  25 10 10 4,935 2,285 2,645
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  35 25 15 6,060 3,030 3,030
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 465 240 225
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 5 20 970 490 485
        Slovak  135 65 75 5,150 2,240 2,910
        Slovenian  155 65 95 3,415 1,515 1,900
        Somali  30 20 15 9,725 4,625 5,095
        Spanish  1,460 695 770 152,210 73,850 78,365
        Swahili  55 25 30 6,860 3,325 3,535
        Swedish  40 15 30 3,515 1,535 1,985
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  515 145 370 107,960 40,085 67,870
        Taiwanese  0 5 0 4,065 1,915 2,145
        Tamil  45 15 30 27,625 13,960 13,665
        Telugu  5 5 5 2,550 1,365 1,190
        Thai  35 15 25 3,380 1,135 2,240
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0 595 320 280
        Tigrigna  10 5 5 3,330 1,640 1,690
        Turkish  75 40 35 7,815 4,250 3,565
        Ukrainian  585 260 330 32,740 14,290 18,450
        Urdu  200 95 105 45,580 23,440 22,145
        Vietnamese  150 75 80 32,280 15,455 16,830
        Yiddish  0 0 5 3,510 1,555 1,955
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 19 315 150 165 44,985 21,360 23,630
  Multiple responses          775 375 400 148,055 72,140 75,915
    English and French  105 60 45 40,280 20,290 19,995
    English and non-official language  150 75 75 49,905 24,725 25,180
    French and non-official language  515 235 280 56,385 26,370 30,010
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 5 1,485 755 730

Census data: Symbols

Census data: Symbol legend
Symbol Description
··· not applicable

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to Census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to Census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to Census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to Census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to Census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to Census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to Census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to Census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to Census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to Census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to Census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to Census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to Census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to Census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to Census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to Census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to Census data footnote 20 referrer

Source: 2011 Census.

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Niagara Regional Area Health Unit (Health Region), Ontario and Canada (table). Health Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 82-228-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 12, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/health-sante/82-228/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 13, 2019).

National Household Survey data table

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Health Profile, December 2013, 2011 National Household Survey data
Table summary
The table shows total, male, and female National Household Survey data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Regional Area Health Unit
(HR)
Canada
[Global non-response rate (GNR) = 28.6%] [Global non-response rate (GNR) = 26.1%]
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 422,810 205,295 217,520 32,852,325 16,163,115 16,689,210
Canadian citizens 408,550 199,235 209,315 30,895,310 15,232,595 15,662,710
Canadian citizens aged under 18 81,360 41,620 39,740 6,576,425 3,381,280 3,195,140
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 327,190 157,615 169,575 24,318,885 11,851,320 12,467,565
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 14,265 6,055 8,205 1,957,015 930,520 1,026,495
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 422,810 205,290 217,515 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 350,610 171,435 179,175 25,720,175 12,753,235 12,966,935
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 69,720 32,645 37,075 6,775,765 3,231,370 3,544,400
Before 1971 31,990 15,005 16,985 1,261,055 605,430 655,625
1971 to 1980 10,655 4,905 5,750 870,775 416,670 454,105
1981 to 1990 7,135 3,365 3,765 949,890 454,570 495,325
1991 to 2000 8,920 4,155 4,765 1,539,050 724,905 814,145
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,025 5,210 5,820 2,154,990 1,029,790 1,125,200
2001 to 2005 5,045 2,575 2,470 992,070 474,545 517,530
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 5,980 2,635 3,345 1,162,915 555,245 607,670
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,480 1,215 1,265 356,385 178,515 177,870
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 69,715 32,640 37,080 6,775,765 3,231,365 3,544,400
Under 5 years 9,510 4,670 4,840 671,795 332,650 339,145
5 to 14 years 14,695 7,425 7,265 1,186,050 601,430 584,620
15 to 24 years 18,180 7,985 10,195 1,540,430 698,480 841,950
25 to 44 years 23,835 10,960 12,880 2,767,110 1,320,925 1,446,185
45 years and over 3,500 1,600 1,900 610,385 277,885 332,500
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 422,810 205,295 217,520 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 350,615 171,435 179,175 25,720,170 12,753,235 12,966,940
Born in province of residence 319,025 156,840 162,180 21,853,870 10,848,700 11,005,170
Born outside province of residence 31,590 14,595 16,995 3,866,305 1,904,535 1,961,770
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 69,715 32,640 37,080 6,775,765 3,231,365 3,544,400
Americas 13,330 5,820 7,505 1,060,230 478,150 582,085
United States 7,100 2,625 4,475 263,475 117,035 146,440
Jamaica 660 330 330 126,035 52,655 73,380
Guyana 150 65 85 87,945 39,105 48,840
Haiti 250 105 145 80,100 34,785 45,310
Mexico 680 320 355 69,695 32,760 36,930
Trinidad and Tobago 560 345 215 67,205 30,150 37,055
Colombia 950 440 510 60,555 28,555 32,000
El Salvador 395 210 190 43,655 21,995 21,660
Peru 135 50 90 26,715 11,745 14,965
Chile 105 45 60 25,195 12,395 12,800
Other places of birth in Americas 2,340 1,285 1,055 209,665 96,975 112,690
Europe 43,650 20,760 22,885 2,127,785 1,033,830 1,093,955
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 14,395 6,695 7,700 537,040 257,285 279,755
Italy 8,280 4,200 4,080 256,825 129,970 126,855
Germany 3,280 1,570 1,715 152,345 72,335 80,010
Poland 3,155 1,460 1,690 152,290 68,855 83,435
Portugal 525 280 240 138,520 67,895 70,625
Netherlands 4,165 2,055 2,110 98,510 50,200 48,315
France 250 125 125 90,440 46,900 43,540
Romania 585 250 335 82,595 39,635 42,955
Russian Federation 550 265 285 73,030 32,945 40,080
Greece 415 230 185 66,475 34,090 32,385
Ukraine 1,145 470 670 65,455 29,340 36,115
Croatia 1,105 530 570 40,010 19,475 20,540
Hungary 1,080 445 635 38,985 19,190 19,790
Bosnia and Herzegovina 595 275 320 35,885 18,290 17,595
Serbia 645 290 355 32,600 15,780 16,820
Ireland, Republic of 565 240 330 28,040 13,485 14,555
Other places of birth in Europe 2,915 1,360 1,550 238,740 118,170 120,565
Africa 2,490 1,210 1,280 492,030 251,025 241,000
Morocco 35 20 20 56,275 29,560 26,715
Algeria 0 0 0 51,085 27,350 23,735
Egypt 220 125 100 49,935 26,630 23,305
South Africa, Republic of 315 130 185 40,550 20,075 20,480
Nigeria 120 65 55 27,625 14,520 13,105
Ethiopia 60 20 40 24,535 11,840 12,695
Kenya 130 40 90 24,510 11,485 13,030
Other places of birth in Africa 1,600 810 800 217,510 109,565 107,940
Asia 9,965 4,725 5,245 3,041,105 1,441,670 1,599,430
India 1,085 540 545 547,890 271,490 276,395
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,555 655 900 545,535 247,815 297,715
Philippines 2,000 825 1,175 454,340 190,120 264,220
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 305 150 160 205,430 97,005 108,420
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 630 330 300 165,125 77,945 87,180
Pakistan 480 245 235 156,860 80,410 76,450
Sri Lanka 165 80 85 132,130 65,655 66,475
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 215 130 85 120,685 61,780 58,905
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 705 390 315 112,400 52,815 59,585
Lebanon 220 100 115 81,105 43,415 37,695
Taiwan 110 20 95 66,455 30,560 35,900
Iraq 165 90 75 49,515 25,635 23,885
Bangladesh 140 80 60 45,320 23,410 21,915
Afghanistan 190 100 95 40,945 20,650 20,290
Japan 310 90 225 25,805 8,000 17,805
Turkey 230 150 85 25,275 13,420 11,855
Other places of birth in Asia 1,440 745 695 266,285 131,540 134,745
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 290 125 155 54,625 26,690 27,935
Fiji 0 0 0 24,290 11,415 12,875
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 280 130 155 30,330 15,275 15,055
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,480 1,215 1,270 356,385 178,510 177,870
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 5,980 2,635 3,345 1,162,915 555,250 607,670
Americas 2,310 1,090 1,220 188,730 90,345 98,380
United States 830 345 475 45,015 22,225 22,790
Mexico 75 20 50 22,310 10,740 11,570
Cuba 100 50 55 5,555 2,910 2,645
Haiti 235 100 135 19,305 8,690 10,615
Jamaica 190 95 95 9,800 4,775 5,035
Brazil 25 0 20 9,540 4,460 5,075
Colombia 465 210 255 27,555 13,255 14,300
Guyana 0 0 0 6,010 2,585 3,425
Peru 0 0 0 6,410 2,735 3,675
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 0 25 6,185 2,995 3,190
Other places of birth in Americas 350 250 105 31,045 14,980 16,065
Europe 1,005 455 550 159,750 79,565 80,180
France 0 0 0 20,380 10,745 9,640
Germany 85 30 55 10,455 5,255 5,205
Poland 50 10 40 5,365 1,995 3,375
Romania 0 0 0 13,370 6,145 7,220
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0 6,570 3,255 3,315
Russian Federation 45 35 0 17,100 7,680 9,415
Ukraine 90 15 65 12,385 5,465 6,925
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 305 175 135 32,965 18,320 14,645
Other places of birth in Europe 400 175 230 41,160 20,710 20,450
Africa 620 210 410 145,725 73,470 72,250
Nigeria 20 0 0 13,035 6,695 6,345
Ethiopia 0 0 0 6,595 3,055 3,535
Mauritius 0 0 0 4,195 2,070 2,120
Somalia 15 0 0 4,315 2,040 2,270
Algeria 0 0 0 21,240 10,560 10,675
Egypt 15 0 0 11,105 5,865 5,240
Morocco 0 0 0 20,295 10,240 10,055
Tunisia 0 0 0 4,755 2,865 1,895
Cameroon 0 0 0 5,425 2,780 2,645
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 90 30 55 5,865 2,720 3,150
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 5,660 2,730 2,930
Other places of birth in Africa 460 140 315 43,230 21,845 21,385
Asia 2,000 855 1,145 661,570 307,935 353,635
Philippines 575 200 380 152,270 66,980 85,285
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 270 110 155 122,090 54,290 67,800
India 180 80 100 121,415 60,075 61,345
Pakistan 105 35 65 35,040 16,890 18,155
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30 25 0 30,295 14,865 15,425
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 225 125 100 27,665 12,720 14,945
Sri Lanka 15 0 0 21,430 10,175 11,260
Iraq 30 25 10 16,915 8,365 8,550
Bangladesh 0 0 0 14,110 7,050 7,060
Lebanon 35 0 20 12,420 6,640 5,780
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 30 0 30 11,275 4,235 7,045
Taiwan 45 0 0 9,295 4,255 5,040
Afghanistan 125 75 50 8,425 4,325 4,100
Japan 70 0 60 6,385 1,660 4,720
Turkey 65 55 0 5,855 3,110 2,745
Israel 0 0 0 5,230 2,610 2,625
Nepal 0 0 0 5,210 2,725 2,490
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0 4,805 1,940 2,865
United Arab Emirates 15 0 0 4,800 2,440 2,355
Saudi Arabia 20 0 0 4,345 2,440 1,900
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 50 30 0 4,150 2,145 2,005
Other places of birth in Asia 115 55 65 38,140 18,005 20,140
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 45 25 15 7,150 3,930 3,215
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 422,810 205,290 217,520 32,852,320 16,163,115 16,689,210
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 72,975 34,225 38,750 7,217,295 3,454,225 3,763,070
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 95,870 46,270 49,595 5,702,725 2,840,860 2,861,860
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 253,965 124,795 129,170 19,932,300 9,868,025 10,064,275
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 422,810 205,290 217,520 32,852,320 16,163,110 16,689,210
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 27,970 13,680 14,290 6,264,750 3,043,010 3,221,745
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,450 1,785 1,660 1,567,400 790,755 776,650
Chinese 4,150 1,860 2,285 1,324,750 632,325 692,420
Black 6,485 3,190 3,295 945,665 453,005 492,660
Filipino 2,970 1,225 1,745 619,310 268,885 350,425
Latin American 3,895 2,020 1,870 381,280 186,355 194,925
Arab 1,605 850 750 380,620 203,485 177,140
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,555 795 760 312,075 154,035 158,045
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 620 350 270 206,840 105,620 101,220
Korean 935 495 435 161,130 77,165 83,965
Japanese 755 330 425 87,270 38,270 48,990
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 580 235 345 106,475 49,770 56,705
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 970 530 440 171,935 83,335 88,600
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 394,840 191,610 203,225 26,587,575 13,120,105 13,467,465
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 422,810 205,290 217,520 32,852,325 16,163,110 16,689,210
North American Aboriginal origins 15,445 7,075 8,365 1,836,035 885,675 950,360
First Nations (North American Indian) 11,970 5,620 6,355 1,369,115 658,050 711,065
Inuit 225 105 120 72,615 35,895 36,720
Métis 3,530 1,485 2,045 447,655 217,405 230,250
Other North American origins 121,995 60,325 61,670 11,070,455 5,462,685 5,607,770
Acadian 545 260 285 115,900 56,435 59,460
American 7,065 3,440 3,625 372,575 179,465 193,115
Canadian 116,870 57,810 59,060 10,563,805 5,214,090 5,349,715
New Brunswicker 0 0 0 1,895 860 1,040
Newfoundlander 350 210 140 22,035 11,580 10,460
Nova Scotian 0 0 0 2,845 1,400 1,445
Ontarian 50 30 20 3,860 1,800 2,065
Québécois 155 80 75 193,885 97,450 96,430
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 70 30 45 4,050 2,010 2,040
European origins 346,195 167,010 179,185 20,157,965 9,913,150 10,244,820
British Isles origins 212,750 101,895 110,850 11,343,705 5,531,110 5,812,600
Channel Islander 45 30 10 3,325 1,740 1,590
Cornish 30 0 0 1,765 1,005 750
English 128,710 61,740 66,965 6,509,500 3,159,130 3,350,365
Irish 75,550 34,965 40,585 4,544,865 2,155,710 2,389,160
Manx 85 50 40 4,730 2,410 2,315
Scottish 85,065 40,325 44,740 4,714,965 2,284,200 2,430,770
Welsh 9,330 4,475 4,855 458,705 219,565 239,135
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 11,650 5,625 6,020 576,030 275,345 300,685
French origins 56,025 26,380 29,645 5,077,215 2,476,125 2,601,090
Alsatian 35 30 0 2,700 1,280 1,420
Breton 0 0 0 14,290 7,105 7,190
French 56,010 26,370 29,640 5,065,690 2,470,555 2,595,130
Western European origins (except French origins) 92,915 45,420 47,490 4,439,950 2,179,305 2,260,650
Austrian 2,515 1,260 1,255 197,990 97,350 100,640
Belgian 1,025 425 600 176,620 87,360 89,260
Dutch 33,955 16,825 17,125 1,067,245 526,105 541,140
Flemish 215 125 95 13,840 6,880 6,970
Frisian 195 115 75 5,055 2,715 2,335
German 60,590 29,460 31,135 3,203,325 1,568,295 1,635,030
Luxembourger 25 20 0 3,790 1,915 1,875
Swiss 1,910 840 1,065 146,830 72,895 73,935
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 35 0 0 2,740 1,380 1,355
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 8,320 3,985 4,340 1,164,425 562,395 602,035
Danish 1,740 820 915 203,080 98,545 104,535
Finnish 1,515 715 800 136,215 65,325 70,890
Icelandic 265 130 140 94,210 46,140 48,065
Norwegian 2,350 1,215 1,130 452,710 220,440 232,270
Swedish 2,440 1,105 1,340 341,845 160,560 181,280
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 395 175 220 43,070 21,650 21,415
Eastern European origins 60,690 29,330 31,360 3,142,775 1,532,520 1,610,250
Bulgarian 510 220 290 30,485 14,965 15,520
Byelorussian 45 0 45 15,565 7,240 8,320
Czech 1,360 580 780 94,805 46,650 48,150
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 665 300 365 40,030 18,980 21,055
Estonian 490 180 310 23,185 10,575 12,610
Hungarian 12,105 5,765 6,340 316,760 156,285 160,480
Latvian 420 200 225 27,355 13,310 14,040
Lithuanian 745 355 390 49,130 24,420 24,710
Moldovan 130 50 80 8,055 4,095 3,960
Polish 22,010 10,405 11,605 1,010,700 488,180 522,525
Romanian 2,760 1,325 1,435 204,630 99,560 105,070
Russian 5,915 2,820 3,085 550,515 264,370 286,145
Slovak 2,025 950 1,075 66,545 32,700 33,845
Ukrainian 20,505 10,215 10,290 1,251,170 610,890 640,275
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 20 0 10 11,330 5,665 5,665
Southern European origins 68,755 34,130 34,625 2,798,395 1,391,820 1,406,575
Albanian 155 90 60 28,270 14,520 13,745
Bosnian 530 280 255 22,915 11,610 11,310
Croatian 3,345 1,745 1,605 114,880 57,845 57,030
Cypriot 90 40 55 4,820 2,240 2,580
Greek 2,725 1,405 1,320 252,955 129,805 123,160
Italian 51,865 25,710 26,150 1,488,420 744,730 743,695
Kosovar 15 0 15 2,765 1,365 1,400
Macedonian 350 160 190 36,985 18,740 18,250
Maltese 1,125 570 555 38,780 19,555 19,230
Montenegrin 95 65 30 2,970 1,555 1,415
Portuguese 2,375 1,180 1,195 429,850 213,330 216,525
Serbian 2,045 1,035 1,010 80,320 40,660 39,655
Sicilian 165 110 55 5,980 3,130 2,845
Slovenian 1,565 725 840 37,175 18,400 18,775
Spanish 4,235 2,035 2,195 368,305 173,590 194,715
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,315 700 615 48,320 23,685 24,635