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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Sociocultural and Labour Characteristics (168), Income Statistics in 2010 (3B) and Total Income Groups (7) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details selected demographic, sociocultural and labour characteristics , income statistics in 2010 and total income groups for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Ottawa - Gatineau
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 22.3 %
Selected demographic, sociocultural and labour characteristics (168) Total income groups (7)
Total - Total income groupsFootnote 3 Lowest 90 percentFootnote 4 Highest 10 percent Lowest 95 percentFootnote 5 Highest 5 percent Lowest 99 percentFootnote 6 Highest 1 percent
Total - SexFootnote 7 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,645 994,045 10,960
Male 485,970 384,920 101,045 431,305 54,665 477,360 8,605
Female 519,040 462,240 56,800 497,060 21,985 516,680 2,360
Total - Age groupsFootnote 8 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,640 994,045 10,960
15 to 24 years 170,420 170,185 235 170,315 110 170,405 15
25 to 54 years 541,025 428,045 112,985 488,755 52,275 534,400 6,630
25 to 34 years 165,735 153,030 12,700 162,575 3,165 165,510 225
35 to 44 years 173,975 129,890 44,085 154,865 19,110 171,805 2,170
45 to 54 years 201,320 145,125 56,195 171,320 30,000 197,080 4,240
55 to 64 years 151,020 119,750 31,275 133,485 17,545 147,995 3,030
65 years and over 142,535 129,180 13,350 135,810 6,720 141,245 1,290
65 to 74 years 84,795 76,090 8,710 80,050 4,745 83,755 1,045
75 years and over 57,735 53,090 4,640 55,760 1,975 57,485 245
Population in private households by marital statusFootnote 9 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,640 994,050 10,960
Married or living with a common-law partner 577,720 453,705 124,010 515,415 62,300 568,370 9,350
Married (and not separated) 459,360 353,050 106,310 404,855 54,510 451,015 8,350
Living common law 118,350 100,660 17,695 110,560 7,795 117,350 1,000
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 427,290 393,450 33,835 412,945 14,340 425,675 1,610
Single (never legally married) 298,970 283,380 15,585 293,020 5,945 298,415 550
Separated 25,515 20,885 4,630 23,315 2,200 25,220 295
Divorced 61,460 51,665 9,800 57,140 4,325 60,905 560
Widowed 41,340 37,520 3,820 39,470 1,870 41,140 205
Total - Household living arrangementsFootnote 10 1,005,010 847,160 157,845 928,365 76,645 994,045 10,960
Total persons in households with at least one census family 809,550 675,090 134,460 742,750 66,800 799,745 9,800
Married spouses, common-law partners 569,715 446,705 123,005 507,945 61,770 560,480 9,235
Lone parents 55,880 47,075 8,805 51,870 4,010 55,445 435
Children in families with two parents present 112,715 111,920 800 112,430 290 112,695 25
Children in families with one parent present 48,800 47,975 820 48,490 305 48,750 45
Persons not in census families, living with relativesFootnote 11 13,255 12,665 585 12,995 260 13,215 40
Persons not in census families, living with non-relatives only 9,185 8,750 435 9,015 165 9,165 0
Total persons in non-census family households 195,460 172,075 23,390 185,615 9,845 194,295 1,165
Living with relativesFootnote 12 9,995 9,500 495 9,840 155 9,980 0
Living with non-relatives only 44,795 42,895 1,900 44,130 670 44,710 85
Living alone 140,665 119,670 20,990 131,645 9,020 139,605 1,060
Total - Economic family status and economic family structureFootnote 13 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,365 76,645 994,045 10,965
Economic family persons 810,360 675,840 134,515 743,570 66,790 800,565 9,795
Couple family 691,530 567,470 124,065 629,355 62,180 682,260 9,270
Couple only 245,490 205,140 40,355 225,710 19,775 242,305 3,190
Couple with children 436,740 353,860 82,880 394,620 42,120 430,705 6,035
Couple with other relatives only 9,305 8,470 830 9,025 275 9,255 50
Lone-parent family 100,360 91,030 9,335 96,220 4,140 99,890 470
Female-parent family 78,375 72,475 5,895 76,135 2,240 78,195 175
Female-parent family with no other relatives 74,440 68,720 5,720 72,270 2,170 74,265 175
Male-parent family 21,990 18,550 3,435 20,090 1,905 21,695 295
Male-parent family with no other relatives 20,910 17,545 3,360 19,020 1,885 20,615 290
Other economic familyFootnote 14 18,465 17,345 1,120 17,995 465 18,415 50
Persons not in an economic family 194,650 171,320 23,330 184,795 9,855 193,480 1,170
Total - Population by Aboriginal identity 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,645 994,045 10,960
Aboriginal identityFootnote 15 24,455 21,890 2,570 23,390 1,070 24,395 65
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 16 12,910 11,670 1,250 12,380 530 12,895 20
Métis single identity 9,875 8,715 1,155 9,420 455 9,850 25
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 615 545 70 575 40 605 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 17 230 220 0 230 0 230 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 18 820 740 85 775 45 815 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 980,550 825,270 155,275 904,975 75,575 969,650 10,895
Total - Population by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 19 1,005,005 847,165 157,850 928,360 76,640 994,050 10,960
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 20 6,540 5,780 760 6,195 345 6,520 20
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 998,465 841,380 157,085 922,165 76,300 987,525 10,945
Total - Population by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 21 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,645 994,050 10,960
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 22 48,175 42,535 5,640 45,700 2,475 47,955 225
First Nations (North American Indian) ancestryFootnote 23 37,330 33,075 4,255 35,505 1,830 37,165 165
Métis ancestry 10,875 9,450 1,420 10,255 615 10,840 30
Inuit ancestry 1,025 885 140 940 80 1,000 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 24 956,830 804,625 152,200 882,665 74,170 946,095 10,735
Total - Generation statusFootnote 25 1,005,010 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,640 994,045 10,960
First generationFootnote 26 236,980 203,850 33,130 220,355 16,625 234,500 2,480
Second generationFootnote 27 139,080 113,525 25,555 126,080 13,000 137,230 1,850
Third generation or moreFootnote 28 628,945 529,785 99,155 581,930 47,015 622,310 6,635
Total - Population by visible minorityFootnote 29 1,005,005 847,165 157,845 928,360 76,645 994,045 10,960
Total visible minority populationFootnote 30 177,495 158,185 19,305 168,620 8,880 176,375 1,115
South AsianFootnote 31 27,245 22,820 4,425 24,970 2,275 26,940 300
Chinese 29,235 24,265 4,970 27,000 2,235 29,005 230
Black 43,190 40,080 3,105 42,050 1,140 43,080 110
Filipino 8,800 8,210 590 8,615 185 8,780 20
Latin American 12,030 11,220 805 11,600 425 11,955 70
Arab 28,660 26,230 2,430 27,435 1,230 28,420 240
Southeast AsianFootnote 32 12,080 10,810 1,275 11,505 575 12,040 45
West AsianFootnote 33 6,550 5,925 620 6,215 335 6,495 55
Korean 1,800 1,620 185 1,720 80 1,795 0
Japanese 1,655 1,360 295 1,540 115 1,650 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 34 1,900 1,745 155 1,815 80 1,890 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 35 4,350 3,890 460 4,140 210 4,330 20
Not a visible minorityFootnote 36 827,515 688,975 138,540 759,740 67,770 817,665 9,845
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 37 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,365 76,645 994,045 10,960
Non-immigrantsFootnote 38 773,530 647,535 126,000 712,895 60,635 764,920 8,610
ImmigrantsFootnote 39 220,635 189,380 31,250 204,890 15,745 218,400 2,240
Before 1981 65,210 52,360 12,850 57,895 7,315 64,015 1,190
1981 to 1990 35,930 30,050 5,880 32,900 3,030 35,475 450
1991 to 2000 58,915 50,475 8,440 55,265 3,650 58,555 360
2001 to 2009 52,110 48,150 3,960 50,425 1,685 51,895 215
2001 to 2005 28,625 25,820 2,800 27,520 1,100 28,505 125
2006 to 2009 23,480 22,320 1,155 22,895 585 23,385 95
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 40 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,640 994,045 10,960
English 488,280 397,920 90,365 442,655 45,630 481,040 7,240
French 313,640 272,085 41,560 295,110 18,530 311,570 2,070
Non-official language 185,660 161,465 24,195 173,950 11,710 184,080 1,580
Aboriginal 500 445 60 470 30 495 0
Non-Aboriginal 185,160 161,025 24,135 173,480 11,680 183,585 1,575
English and French 4,365 3,995 370 4,180 180 4,355 0
English and non-official language 9,235 8,210 1,030 8,800 440 9,175 60
French and non-official language 3,440 3,125 315 3,290 150 3,440 0
English, French and non-official language 390 370 15 375 0 380 0
Total - First official language spokenFootnote 41 1,005,010 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,640 994,045 10,960
English 644,615 532,230 112,390 588,285 56,330 635,965 8,650
French 332,385 289,265 43,125 313,215 19,175 330,245 2,140
English and French 18,855 16,695 2,160 17,800 1,055 18,705 150
Neither English nor French 9,145 8,970 175 9,065 80 9,125 20
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 42 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,365 76,645 994,045 10,960
No certificate, diploma or degree 151,940 149,740 2,205 150,900 1,040 151,785 160
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 43 233,695 218,380 15,315 227,130 6,565 232,950 745
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 44 619,365 479,040 140,325 550,330 69,040 609,310 10,060
Postsecondary certificate or diploma below bachelor level 302,690 266,315 36,380 287,880 14,810 301,155 1,535
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 45 73,190 68,200 4,985 71,215 1,970 72,930 255
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 188,590 164,125 24,470 178,865 9,725 187,705 890
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 46 40,910 33,985 6,920 37,800 3,115 40,520 390
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 316,675 212,725 103,945 262,450 54,225 308,155 8,520
Bachelor's degree 187,805 135,560 52,245 162,980 24,825 184,465 3,340
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 47 128,880 77,170 51,705 99,475 29,405 123,695 5,190
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 48 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,640 994,045 10,960
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 49 385,635 368,120 17,520 378,030 7,605 384,735 905
Education 40,380 32,390 7,990 38,190 2,185 40,220 160
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 20,915 19,160 1,755 20,345 565 20,875 40
Humanities 43,705 35,430 8,275 40,085 3,620 43,340 360
Social and behavioural sciences and law 97,565 72,815 24,750 84,675 12,890 95,335 2,225
Business, management and public administration 130,370 100,190 30,185 114,550 15,825 127,970 2,405
Physical and life sciences and technologies 30,130 21,270 8,865 25,795 4,340 29,650 480
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 41,425 28,670 12,750 35,440 5,990 40,870 555
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 103,820 76,375 27,450 88,840 14,985 102,100 1,725
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 9,140 7,430 1,715 8,440 700 9,075 70
Health and related fieldsFootnote 50 72,005 58,815 13,190 65,585 6,415 70,095 1,910
Personal, protective and transportation services 29,800 26,425 3,380 28,295 1,510 29,690 120
Other fields of studyFootnote 51 90 65 25 80 0 90 0
Total - Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 52 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,360 76,645 994,045 10,960
Industry - Not applicableFootnote 53 263,060 253,135 9,925 259,140 3,915 262,505 550
All industriesFootnote 54 741,950 594,025 147,925 669,225 72,725 731,535 10,410
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,780 3,590 195 3,710 80 3,775 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 725 545 185 590 140 680 45
22 Utilities 2,740 1,655 1,085 2,200 540 2,675 70
23 Construction 38,915 34,625 4,290 36,730 2,185 38,435 480
31-33 Manufacturing 25,640 19,715 5,925 22,305 3,340 25,195 450
41 Wholesale trade 17,565 12,205 5,360 14,070 3,490 16,970 595
44-45 Retail trade 76,300 72,830 3,465 74,555 1,745 75,965 335
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 21,745 18,510 3,235 20,145 1,595 21,525 220
51 Information and cultural industries 18,435 13,555 4,885 15,735 2,705 18,030 405
52 Finance and insurance 22,755 17,155 5,600 19,600 3,155 22,030 725
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 11,690 9,675 2,015 10,495 1,200 11,270 425
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 63,330 42,510 20,820 50,650 12,675 60,720 2,605
55 Management of companies and enterprises 365 280 80 310 60 345 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 29,860 28,205 1,655 29,020 835 29,735 125
61 Educational services 58,495 47,025 11,465 54,870 3,625 58,235 255
62 Health care and social assistance 76,225 65,260 10,965 71,185 5,035 74,680 1,545
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 16,390 15,445 945 15,945 445 16,355 35
72 Accommodation and food services 46,565 45,845 720 46,180 385 46,485 80
81 Other services (except public administration) 33,340 29,745 3,595 31,540 1,800 33,055 280
91 Public administration 177,090 115,645 61,440 149,390 27,695 175,370 1,720
Total - Occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 55 1,005,005 847,160 157,845 928,365 76,645 994,045 10,960
Occupation - Not applicableFootnote 56 263,055 253,135 9,920 259,140 3,920 262,510 550
All occupationsFootnote 57 741,950 594,025 147,925 669,220 72,725 731,540 10,410
0 Management occupations 85,640 45,745 39,890 60,485 25,155 81,760 3,875
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 150,625 128,175 22,450 140,800 9,830 149,210 1,415
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 80,885 49,150 31,745 65,875 15,015 79,795 1,095
3 Health occupations 42,275 32,880 9,400 37,520 4,755 40,620 1,660
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 114,205 84,135 30,070 102,100 12,105 112,675 1,535
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 28,880 26,020 2,860 27,930 950 28,815 60
6 Sales and service occupations 160,150 154,370 5,780 157,205 2,945 159,625 525
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 63,440 58,660 4,780 61,875 1,560 63,220 220
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 6,665 6,485 185 6,560 110 6,640 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 9,175 8,405 775 8,880 300 9,170 0

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, Old Age Security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employers contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median.

Exceptionally, in this table, median income is calculated from all the individuals in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) either with or without income.

Average income of individuals - Exceptionally, in this table, refers to the weighted mean total income of all individuals aged 15 and over whether they reported income for 2010 or not.

Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated in this table for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age whether they have an income (positive or negative) or not.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, Old Age Security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

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The percentiles of the distribution were calculated for the population aged 15 years and over in private households of Canada with income and without income (with an income of zero). The total income groups are such that the indicated percentage of the Canadian population aged 15 years and over in private households is in each group.

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Footnote 4

A total income of less than $80,420 is required to be in the lowest 90 percent.

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Footnote 5

A total income of less than $102,305 is required to be in the lowest 95 percent.

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Footnote 6

A total income of less than $191,147 is required to be in the lowest 99 percent.

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Footnote 7

Sex
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to whether the person is male or female.

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Footnote 8

Age
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 9

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 10

Household living arrangements
Part A - Short definition
Refers to the classification of persons as members of a family household or of a non-family household, and whether they are family persons or persons not in a census family.

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the classification of persons as members of a family household or of a non-family household, that is, whether or not they are living in a household that contains at least one census family, and whether they are members of a census family or not in a census family. Persons not in census families are further classified as living with relatives, living with non-relatives (only) or living alone.

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Footnote 11

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 12

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 13

Economic family status - Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not the persons are members of an economic family.

Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family.

Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families.

Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person.

Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person.

Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 14

This category includes economic families where the reference person does not have a spouse or partner, nor a child in the family, only other relatives.

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Footnote 15

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 16

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.


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Footnote 17

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 18

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 19

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 20

Registered or Treaty Indian Status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 21

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 22

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'
Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 23

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey, 2011.

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Footnote 24

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 25

Generation status
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 26

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 27

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 28

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 29

Visible minority
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups:  South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

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Footnote 30

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 31

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 33

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 34

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 35

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 36

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 37

Immigrant status refers to whether the respondent is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status.

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Non-permanent residents are not included elsewhere in this table.

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Footnote 38

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 39

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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The income data for the National Household Survey are for the year 2010. By agreement, landed immigrants who arrived in Canada between January 1, 2011 and May 10, 2011 have an income equal to zero. It is also possible that landed immigrants who arrived during the course of the year 2010 did not have a complete year of applicable revenues. Consequently, these two groups of immigrants are excluded from the detailed distribution by period of immigration. They are, however included in the category 'Immigrants.'

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Footnote 40

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 41

First official language spoken
Part A - Short definition
Not applicable

Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

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Footnote 42

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 43

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 44

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 45

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 46

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 47

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 48

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

We recommend that users not make comparisons between categories of the CIP Canada 2011 and the CIP Canada 2000 classification systems on the basis of their labels. Even though many entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison could be inappropriate, given the numerous changes made at the detailed level to update the classification.

For comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 49

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 50

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 51

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 52

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 53

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 54

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 55

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 56

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 57

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011036.

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