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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (730), First Official Language Spoken (4), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics , first official language spoken , age groups and sex for the population in Ottawa - Gatineau
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 1 = 22.3 %
Selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics (730) First official language spoken (4)
Total population in private households by first official language spokenFootnote 2 English French English and French
Total population in private households by age group 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,090
0 to 4 years 70,985 43,005 23,595 1,190
5 to 9 years 68,295 44,455 21,875 1,755
10 to 14 years 71,445 46,355 22,675 2,295
15 to 19 years 82,025 53,485 25,975 2,430
20 to 24 years 88,390 60,850 25,820 1,600
25 to 29 years 84,005 56,070 25,905 1,795
30 to 34 years 81,735 52,565 27,230 1,710
35 to 39 years 84,370 54,965 26,995 2,120
40 to 44 years 89,600 58,390 28,425 2,395
45 to 49 years 103,335 65,750 35,195 1,790
50 to 54 years 97,985 61,075 34,805 1,320
55 to 59 years 81,500 50,630 29,165 1,100
60 to 64 years 69,530 43,630 24,280 930
65 to 69 years 49,915 29,935 18,305 650
70 to 74 years 34,885 21,450 11,865 435
75 to 79 years 27,040 16,225 9,230 310
80 to 84 years 18,530 11,365 5,950 175
85 years and over 12,160 8,230 3,260 90
Median ageFootnote 3 38.6 38.0 40.0 32.7
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 4 1,005,005 644,615 332,390 18,855
Married or living with a common-law partner 577,715 369,435 191,930 10,805
Married (and not separated) 459,360 312,635 131,215 10,150
Living common law 118,355 56,795 60,715 650
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 427,290 275,185 140,460 8,055
Single (never legally married) 298,965 198,050 93,825 6,430
Separated 25,515 17,080 7,715 470
Divorced 61,465 36,580 23,705 805
Widowed 41,340 23,470 15,215 340
Total population in private households by mother tongue 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,090
Single responses 1,189,870 761,325 394,390 21,465
English 599,880 599,595 280 0
French 376,915 1,760 375,155 0
Non-official languages 213,075 159,975 18,950 21,465
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 5 495 475 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 200 185 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 165 165 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 25 0 0
Ojibway 90 90 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 6 170,780 129,345 13,365 17,490
Arabic 34,405 22,730 3,720 5,595
Bengali 3,440 3,045 0 315
Cantonese 6,615 5,325 55 220
Chinese, n.o.s. 13,885 11,370 180 645
Creoles 5,435 805 3,435 985
Dutch 2,675 2,510 125 45
German 6,385 5,910 250 210
Greek 2,190 1,930 55 165
Gujarati 1,475 1,410 0 25
Hindi 2,370 2,250 0 55
Hungarian 1,730 1,520 45 135
Italian 9,760 8,540 425 480
Korean 1,920 1,705 30 70
Mandarin 7,680 6,265 60 400
Panjabi (Punjabi) 3,540 3,155 0 190
Persian (Farsi) 6,515 5,560 80 400
Polish 6,030 5,255 155 520
Portuguese 6,430 3,530 1,640 810
Romanian 2,985 1,510 300 1,000
Russian 6,055 4,915 115 675
Serbian 2,090 1,260 195 555
Spanish 15,455 10,095 2,050 2,525
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,905 5,735 35 65
Tamil 3,075 2,625 0 275
Ukrainian 1,865 1,645 20 160
Urdu 3,760 3,475 0 130
Vietnamese 7,100 5,265 340 870
Other languagesFootnote 7 41,800 30,160 5,575 3,965
Multiple responses 25,870 17,105 6,140 2,625
English and French 6,540 3,005 1,285 2,250
English and non-official language 13,670 13,620 55 0
French and non-official language 4,930 200 4,730 0
English, French and non-official language 730 280 70 380
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 8 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,090
English only 555,315 555,315 0 0
French only 103,765 0 103,765 0
English and French 543,375 222,670 296,615 24,085
Neither English nor French 13,285 450 150 0
Total population in private households by language spoken most often at home 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,090
Single responses 1,174,675 750,940 390,225 20,825
English 715,095 670,480 44,610 0
French 347,985 8,495 339,495 0
Non-official languages 111,595 71,965 6,120 20,825
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 9 115 100 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 100 85 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 20 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 10 92,410 59,660 5,065 17,075
Arabic 21,090 11,915 1,425 5,400
Bengali 2,380 1,980 0 320
Cantonese 4,060 2,740 0 240
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,495 7,085 170 620
Creoles 2,400 130 1,155 900
Dutch 115 70 0 40
German 770 570 0 165
Greek 610 405 0 165
Gujarati 650 605 0 25
Hindi 1,215 1,085 0 70
Hungarian 595 445 0 115
Italian 2,640 1,800 55 470
Korean 1,190 1,015 0 55
Mandarin 5,545 4,100 50 405
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,060 1,690 0 180
Persian (Farsi) 3,975 3,085 20 390
Polish 2,315 1,700 0 500
Portuguese 2,930 1,290 395 790
Romanian 1,845 535 155 975
Russian 4,020 2,830 90 735
Serbian 1,585 795 140 565
Spanish 8,880 4,310 1,265 2,520
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,855 2,735 0 40
Tamil 2,065 1,625 0 270
Ukrainian 410 240 0 135
Urdu 2,100 1,825 0 120
Vietnamese 4,630 3,070 90 845
Other languagesFootnote 11 19,065 12,210 1,060 3,745
Multiple responses 41,055 27,490 10,305 3,265
English and French 7,915 1,300 4,110 2,505
English and non-official language 26,515 26,045 470 0
French and non-official language 5,510 60 5,445 0
English, French and non-official language 1,125 85 285 755
Total population in private households by other language spoken regularly at home 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,085
None 932,265 631,350 279,460 10,135
English 130,575 44,035 78,350 7,480
French 72,560 41,450 27,845 3,130
Non-official language 70,325 57,295 11,900 650
Aboriginal 335 305 25 0
Non-Aboriginal 69,990 56,985 11,875 650
English and French 2,990 210 215 2,535
English and non-official language 3,190 800 2,300 85
French and non-official language 3,755 3,295 440 20
English, French and non-official language 85 0 0 55
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenFootnote 12 295,195 210,300 50,170 22,045
Aboriginal languages 845 755 75 0
Algonquin 65 50 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0
Cree languagesFootnote 13 300 285 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 20 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 105 85 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 210 190 20 0
Other Aboriginal languagesFootnote 14 135 110 25 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 294,425 209,590 50,120 22,035
Italian 17,790 14,010 2,625 830
Portuguese 9,335 5,125 2,785 975
Romanian 3,490 1,815 420 1,050
Spanish 46,595 24,575 17,825 3,395
Dutch 3,655 3,235 325 95
Flemish 145 90 45 0
German 14,830 12,155 2,145 505
Yiddish 480 475 0 0
Danish 525 510 0 0
Norwegian 455 390 55 0
Swedish 735 615 110 0
Afrikaans 465 435 20 0
Gaelic languages 385 380 0 0
Bosnian 900 615 65 180
Bulgarian 1,195 955 75 140
Croatian 1,835 1,385 130 280
Czech 1,525 1,305 75 140
Macedonian 145 120 0 15
Polish 7,000 6,100 255 550
Russian 9,130 7,310 400 1,000
Serbian 2,605 1,610 320 595
Serbo-Croatian 975 565 185 230
Slovak 820 755 25 40
Slovenian 340 320 15 0
Ukrainian 2,695 2,370 65 205
Latvian 380 360 0 0
Lithuanian 285 260 0 0
Greek 3,260 2,820 205 195
Armenian 480 325 50 105
Albanian 750 650 25 20
Estonian 195 185 0 0
Finnish 535 525 0 0
Hungarian 2,150 1,875 90 140
Turkish 2,535 2,235 30 160
Berber languages (Kabyle) 230 0 220 0
Oromo 710 310 350 25
Somali 8,450 5,500 1,290 1,180
Amharic 1,730 1,605 10 60
Arabic 47,425 31,315 7,575 6,080
Hebrew 1,975 1,880 50 50
Maltese 35 40 0 0
Tigrigna 975 935 0 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 140 105 0 0
Bengali 4,190 3,780 0 320
Gujarati 2,035 1,950 35 25
Hindi 9,070 8,590 15 340
Konkani 160 160 0 0
Marathi 460 420 0 30
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,890 5,385 0 290
Sindhi 340 335 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,050 1,005 0 30
Urdu 6,090 5,725 30 150
Nepali 920 720 0 50
Kurdish 1,250 895 30 170
Pashto 920 810 0 50
Persian (Farsi) 8,005 6,915 115 460
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 285 240 30 0
Kannada 280 235 0 45
Malayalam 685 665 0 0
Tamil 3,785 3,280 40 305
Telugu 490 460 0 0
Japanese 2,495 2,005 355 135
Korean 2,135 1,890 60 70
Cantonese 8,685 7,270 95 255
Fukien 110 90 0 0
Hakka 55 55 0 0
Mandarin 11,120 9,120 280 475
Taiwanese 315 265 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 14,650 12,110 320 650
Lao 610 420 100 35
Thai 680 585 45 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,700 1,320 125 75
Vietnamese 8,105 6,070 440 895
Bisayan languages 510 495 0 0
Ilocano 515 515 0 0
Malay 630 580 45 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 8,130 7,980 45 45
Akan (Twi) 675 655 0 0
Lingala 1,725 110 1,425 155
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,820 140 1,340 300
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,165 305 630 220
Swahili 3,900 1,445 1,910 380
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,485 605 740 105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,450 1,155 1,220 75
African languages, n.i.e. 820 580 225 0
Creoles 10,760 1,925 7,620 1,005
Other non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 15 7,145 4,890 1,545 395
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 16 1,201,600 770,465 395,695 23,740
Non-movers 1,038,210 664,945 343,815 20,190
Movers 163,390 105,520 51,875 3,555
Non-migrants 113,320 74,190 35,890 2,170
Migrants 50,065 31,335 15,990 1,375
Internal migrants 37,850 23,400 13,475 785
Intraprovincial migrants 23,850 14,095 9,295 345
Interprovincial migrants 14,005 9,305 4,175 440
External migrants 12,215 7,935 2,515 595
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 17 1,144,750 735,420 376,935 22,900
Non-movers 666,720 428,210 222,150 11,410
Movers 478,025 307,215 154,785 11,490
Non-migrants 302,515 195,955 98,565 5,985
Migrants 175,510 111,265 56,220 5,505
Internal migrants 130,070 81,135 46,120 2,420
Intraprovincial migrants 79,620 46,875 31,675 945
Interprovincial migrants 50,450 34,260 14,435 1,475
External migrants 45,440 30,120 10,105 3,090
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 18 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,090
Canadian citizens 1,152,875 736,125 388,200 20,025
Canadian citizens only 1,104,180 699,980 380,750 15,955
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 48,695 36,150 7,455 4,070
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 19 62,865 42,305 12,330 4,060
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 20 1,215,735 778,435 400,530 24,090
Non-immigrantsFootnote 21 967,845 592,165 365,455 7,315
Born in province of residence 722,825 435,490 278,855 5,865
Born outside province of residence 245,020 156,670 86,605 1,445
ImmigrantsFootnote 22 235,335 176,850 32,935 16,410
Americas 38,985 26,010 9,220 3,055
United States 9,905 8,990 770 125
Jamaica 3,035 3,015 0 0
Guyana 1,200 1,200 0 0
Haiti 7,695 655 6,160 710
Mexico 1,920 1,225 225 430
Trinidad and Tobago 1,325 1,315 0 0
Colombia 2,660 1,210 730 525
El Salvador 2,240 1,720 170 265
Peru 1,065 790 90 155
Chile 625 445 90 90
Other places of birth in Americas 7,310 5,450 950 765
Europe 67,695 54,405 7,655 4,295
United KingdomFootnote 23 18,830 18,725 75 35
Italy 5,765 4,895 215 345
Germany 4,860 4,385 365 110
Poland 4,450 3,925 95 335
Portugal 3,685 2,085 875 400
Netherlands 2,340 2,285 25 30
France 4,145 360 3,730 50
Romania 3,070 1,685 350 885
Russian Federation 3,090 2,620 95 260
Greece 1,110 985 25 80
Ukraine 1,695 1,400 45 205
Croatia 1,175 855 120 155
Hungary 990 895 35 55
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,205 1,275 340 530
Serbia 980 735 35 190
Ireland, Republic of 810 800 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 8,505 6,510 1,220 635
Africa 33,395 17,085 12,495 3,200
Morocco 2,490 295 1,580 590
Algeria 1,925 200 1,425 280
Egypt 3,005 2,250 425 315
South Africa, Republic of 725 710 0 0
Nigeria 1,210 1,185 0 0
Ethiopia 1,855 1,620 90 85
Kenya 1,125 1,035 40 50
Other places of birth in Africa 21,060 9,780 8,910 1,860
Asia 94,365 78,485 3,560 5,845
India 9,280 8,810 15 225
ChinaFootnote 24 17,570 13,520 545 700
Philippines 7,725 7,570 80 50
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 3,080 2,890 0 80
Viet NamFootnote 25 6,585 5,065 345 530
Pakistan 3,745 3,570 0 60
Sri Lanka 2,910 2,705 35 75
IranFootnote 26 4,550 3,930 115 290
Korea, SouthFootnote 27 1,635 1,485 50 65
Lebanon 12,115 7,280 1,715 2,510
Taiwan 760 595 40 40
Iraq 3,165 2,540 90 185
Bangladesh 2,565 2,340 0 130
Afghanistan 1,700 1,455 0 50
Japan 630 585 0 30
Turkey 1,370 1,190 30 100
Other places of birth in Asia 14,970 12,965 425 720
Oceania and otherFootnote 28 900 865 15 0
Fiji 0 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 29 890 850 15 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 30 12,555 9,415 2,135 370
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthFootnote 31 40,425 24,900 9,500 3,440
Americas 8,565 4,175 2,990 1,050
United States 1,855 1,610 180 45
Mexico 630 370 70 155
Cuba 280 195 45 25
Haiti 2,730 345 1,990 320
Jamaica 105 100 0 0
Brazil 395 215 75 75
Colombia 1,100 335 450 215
Guyana 20 20 0 0
Peru 205 145 25 30
VenezuelaFootnote 32 155 110 0 35
Other places of birth in Americas 1,090 725 155 150
Europe 4,345 2,565 1,085 475
France 690 0 670 0
Germany 195 150 35 15
Poland 100 70 0 0
Romania 410 145 55 170
MoldovaFootnote 33 100 35 20 50
Russian Federation 510 390 40 45
Ukraine 270 160 0 75
United KingdomFootnote 34 845 835 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,215 770 245 100
Africa 9,615 3,645 4,650 1,005
Nigeria 405 405 0 0
Ethiopia 405 380 0 0
Mauritius 130 10 100 20
Somalia 535 325 80 90
Algeria 490 30 430 25
Egypt 730 660 25 40
Morocco 1,010 70 635 290
Tunisia 235 0 210 30
Cameroon 565 85 475 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 1,015 190 620 150
South Africa, Republic of 70 65 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 4,030 1,425 2,085 355
Asia 17,760 14,390 770 900
Philippines 2,620 2,595 0 0
ChinaFootnote 35 2,835 1,960 145 115
India 1,595 1,495 0 15
Pakistan 645 570 0 0
IranFootnote 36 915 760 0 50
South KoreaFootnote 37 450 425 15 10
Sri Lanka 530 480 0 0
Iraq 990 635 60 75
Bangladesh 525 460 0 0
Lebanon 1,610 775 370 380
Viet NamFootnote 38 315 240 25 0
Taiwan 175 140 0 0
Afghanistan 345 255 0 20
Japan 135 130 0 0
Turkey 345 285 0 35
Israel 90 70 0 10
Nepal 375 320 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 60 55 0 0
United Arab Emirates 485 435 0 40
Saudi Arabia 225 215 0 0
SyriaFootnote 39 400 345 0 15
Other places of birth in Asia 2,100 1,755 45 50
Oceania and otherFootnote 40 135 125 0 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 41 1,215,735 778,435 400,535 24,090
Non-immigrantsFootnote 42 967,850 592,165 365,455 7,310
ImmigrantsFootnote 43 235,335 176,850 32,935 16,410
Before 1971 38,280 33,995 2,710 925
1971 to 1980 26,925 21,675 3,260 1,290
1981 to 1990 35,930 27,945 3,745 2,785
1991 to 2000 60,560 45,655 7,430 5,035
2001 to 2011Footnote 44 73,640 47,575 15,795 6,380
2001 to 2005 33,220 22,680 6,295 2,940
2006 to 2011Footnote 45 40,420 24,900 9,500 3,435
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 46 12,555 9,415 2,140 370
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 47 1,215,735 778,435 400,530 24,085
First generationFootnote 48 254,880 191,945 36,275 16,845
Second generationFootnote 49 202,260 167,285 26,860 5,375
Third generation or moreFootnote 50 758,595 419,205 337,395 1,870
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,090
Aboriginal identityFootnote 51 30,570 16,810 13,600 135
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 52 16,245 9,970 6,200 60
Métis single identity 12,260 5,465 6,730 70
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 860 690 170 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 53 305 175 130 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 54 890 515 370 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,185,165 761,615 386,930 23,950
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 55 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,090
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 56 7,920 5,650 2,210 40
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,207,815 772,780 398,315 24,050
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 57 1,005,010 644,620 332,390 18,855
In the labour force 700,690 455,130 230,015 13,565
Employed 654,515 423,140 217,595 12,040
Unemployed 46,170 31,995 12,420 1,530
Not in the labour force 304,315 189,485 102,375 5,285
Participation rate 69.7 70.6 69.2 71.9
Employment rate 65.1 65.6 65.5 63.9
Unemployment rate 6.6 7.0 5.4 11.3
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker 700,685 455,135 230,015 13,570
Class of Worker - Not applicableFootnote 58 13,680 9,130 3,795 625
All Classes of WorkerFootnote 59 687,005 446,005 226,220 12,945
Employee 624,270 403,310 207,420 11,890
Self-employed 62,740 42,695 18,805 1,055
Self-employed (incorporated) 21,905 15,035 6,570 250
Without paid help 9,680 6,560 2,990 120
With paid help 12,220 8,475 3,580 125
Self-employed (unincorporated) 39,705 26,895 11,940 745
Without paid help 29,055 19,285 9,210 480
With paid help 10,655 7,605 2,730 265
Unpaid family worker 1,130 765 290 65
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011 700,690 455,135 230,015 13,570
Occupation - Not applicableFootnote 60 13,680 9,125 3,790 625
All occupationsFootnote 61 687,005 446,005 226,220 12,945
0 Management occupations 81,625 55,700 24,635 1,180
00 Senior management occupations 11,130 7,090 3,930 105
01-05 Specialized middle management occupations 40,505 27,440 12,430 630
06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services 20,230 14,635 5,230 305
07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities 9,765 6,540 3,040 140
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 140,075 84,410 52,700 2,795
11 Professional occupations in business and finance 31,560 19,935 10,990 610
12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 55,895 32,165 22,630 1,030
13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 6,560 4,335 2,080 120
14 Office support occupations 35,715 21,385 13,450 820
15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations 10,345 6,580 3,550 210
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 77,350 57,375 18,290 1,630
21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 52,915 40,630 11,080 1,180
22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 24,440 16,750 7,205 455
3 Health occupations 40,020 25,710 13,470 760
30 Professional occupations in nursing 11,375 7,450 3,710 190
31 Professional occupations in health (except nursing) 9,625 6,725 2,675 215
32 Technical occupations in health 10,980 6,820 3,955 165
34 Assisting occupations in support of health services 8,050 4,720 3,125 185
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 105,405 68,105 35,030 2,130
40 Professional occupations in education services 31,510 19,050 11,765 665
41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services 38,190 26,845 10,520 820
42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 17,295 10,165 6,780 320
43 Occupations in front-line public protection services 9,005 5,540 3,390 70
44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations 9,390 6,510 2,580 260
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 24,635 16,390 7,835 390
51 Professional occupations in art and culture 12,085 7,500 4,370 205
52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 12,555 8,890 3,465 190
6 Sales and service occupations 144,470 94,375 45,910 3,160
62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations 11,680 8,330 3,240 110
63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations 19,305 12,605 5,900 470
64 Sales representatives and salespersons - wholesale and retail trade 28,690 19,520 8,490 650
65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations 31,860 19,910 10,965 885
66 Sales support occupations 20,350 13,450 6,520 320
67 Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c. 32,585 20,560 10,800 730
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 59,485 34,270 24,310 755
72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades 22,100 11,790 10,140 135
73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades 10,255 6,565 3,575 105
74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 5,050 3,230 1,735 80
75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 15,955 9,580 6,010 325
76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations 6,125 3,105 2,860 115
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,665 4,140 1,440 50
82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production 970 675 275 0
84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production 1,100 795 285 0
86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 3,590 2,670 880 20
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,280 5,525 2,605 85
92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 1,465 910 540 20
94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers 2,670 1,680 930 40
95 Assemblers in manufacturing 2,710 2,150 510 15
96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 1,440 785 625 15
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 62 700,690 455,135 230,015 13,565
Industry - not applicableFootnote 63 13,680 9,125 3,795 625
All industriesFootnote 64 687,010 446,010 226,220 12,945
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,400 2,380 925 60
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 680 400 265 0
22 Utilities 2,605 1,535 1,065 0
23 Construction 36,555 20,410 15,730 335
31-33 Manufacturing 24,135 16,585 7,085 340
41 Wholesale trade 16,705 12,220 4,260 200
44-45 Retail trade 69,140 46,245 21,510 1,225
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 20,295 13,445 6,355 460
51 Information and cultural industries 17,465 12,790 4,325 335
52 Finance and insurance 21,695 15,330 5,780 565
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 11,005 7,900 2,925 140
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 58,625 45,515 12,145 900
55 Management of companies and enterprises 330 230 95 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 27,075 17,285 8,865 765
61 Educational services 52,480 31,510 19,795 1,115
62 Health care and social assistance 71,490 44,150 25,910 1,305
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 13,820 8,600 5,005 190
72 Accommodation and food services 41,215 29,315 10,285 990
81 Other services (except public administration) 30,695 20,755 9,300 525
91 Public administration 167,600 99,395 64,585 3,475
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusFootnote 65 654,515 423,140 217,595 12,040
Usual place of work 558,010 357,860 188,230 10,395
Work in CSD of residence 444,630 314,185 121,105 7,995
Work in a different CSD in CD of residence 1,730 400 1,330 0
Work in a different CSD and CD in province of residence 33,385 13,085 20,100 185
Work in a different province 78,265 30,185 45,700 2,210
Worked at home 38,145 27,490 9,980 580
Worked outside Canada 2,430 1,900 450 65
No fixed workplace address 55,930 35,890 18,930 990
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationFootnote 66 613,940 393,745 207,160 11,390
Car, truck or van - as a driver 391,440 242,935 141,385 6,250
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 40,945 25,890 14,050 780
Public transit 123,170 83,265 36,040 3,440
Walked 38,735 27,680 10,290 690
Bicycle 13,670 9,860 3,680 130
Other methods 5,970 4,120 1,725 100
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 67 741,950 482,510 243,100 14,105
English 550,755 458,865 82,725 8,190
French 147,300 8,430 136,110 2,670
Non-official language 3,930 2,345 230 315
Aboriginal 55 55 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 3,880 2,290 235 315
English and French 36,915 10,660 23,530 2,700
English and non-official language 2,255 1,950 90 130
French and non-official language 145 0 135 0
English, French and non-official language 640 255 285 110
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 68 741,950 482,510 243,095 14,105
None 515,930 397,985 108,025 7,895
English 80,420 7,135 71,675 1,525
French 134,305 68,655 61,925 3,715
Non-official language 9,310 7,580 935 680
Aboriginal 190 100 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 9,120 7,485 860 675
English and French 165 70 50 40
English and non-official language 430 60 285 85
French and non-official language 1,385 1,020 200 165
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 69 1,005,005 644,615 332,390 18,855
No certificate, diploma or degree 151,945 80,340 64,010 2,345
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 70 233,690 153,405 74,900 3,645
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 71 619,370 410,875 193,480 12,860
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 72 73,190 33,745 37,995 1,135
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)Footnote 73 45,180 19,590 24,705 705
Registered Apprenticeship certificateFootnote 74 28,010 14,155 13,285 440
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 188,595 124,200 61,175 2,645
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 75 40,905 25,355 14,185 1,100
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 316,675 227,580 80,120 7,980
Bachelor's degree 187,800 134,425 49,010 3,625
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 28,530 19,390 8,175 890
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 6,755 5,215 1,310 210
Master's degree 76,745 56,005 18,145 2,470
Earned doctorateFootnote 76 16,845 12,545 3,480 785
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 77 619,370 410,875 193,480 12,860
Education 40,380 23,255 16,195 740
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 20,915 14,320 6,185 335
Humanities 43,700 30,230 12,315 1,030
Social and behavioural sciences and law 97,565 69,905 25,455 2,015
Business, management and public administration 130,375 80,305 47,025 2,710
Physical and life sciences and technologies 30,130 23,005 6,005 840
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 41,425 29,275 10,970 1,095
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 103,820 69,485 31,585 2,250
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 9,140 6,160 2,810 125
Health and related fieldsFootnote 78 72,010 48,055 22,525 1,250
Personal, protective and transportation services 29,805 16,835 12,370 470
Other fields of studyFootnote 79 90 50 40 0
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by location of studyFootnote 80 619,365 410,875 193,475 12,860
Inside Canada 535,450 345,410 182,690 7,115
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,570 3,505 35 0
Prince Edward Island 880 820 60 0
Nova Scotia 11,000 10,290 675 40
New Brunswick 6,765 4,630 2,105 30
Quebec 123,955 26,085 95,745 2,115
Ontario 367,095 279,895 82,275 4,720
Manitoba 4,940 4,520 375 35
Saskatchewan 3,275 2,995 270 0
Alberta 6,820 6,125 630 60
British Columbia 6,990 6,415 490 75
Yukon 35 30 0 0
Northwest Territories 85 65 15 0
Nunavut 40 45 0 0
Outside Canada 83,920 65,465 10,790 5,745
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,215,730 778,430 400,530 24,090
Total visible minority populationFootnote 81 234,015 172,785 36,795 14,205
South AsianFootnote 82 34,790 32,265 465 1,235
Chinese 37,135 30,920 1,235 1,305
Black 60,665 32,595 23,835 3,200
Filipino 10,970 10,665 180 75
Latin American 14,265 9,350 2,310 1,960
Arab 38,960 26,250 6,185 4,450
Southeast AsianFootnote 83 15,030 11,750 1,180 1,120
West AsianFootnote 84 8,195 6,875 165 505
Korean 2,470 2,220 85 65
Japanese 2,350 2,105 175 70
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 85 2,475 1,990 410 60
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 86 6,700 5,795 575 165
Not a visible minorityFootnote 87 981,725 605,650 363,735 9,880
Total population in private households by selected ethnic origins (single and multiple responses)Footnote 88 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,085
Total population - Single responsesFootnote 89 638,280 361,820 246,845 18,330
Total population - Multiple responsesFootnote 90 577,460 416,615 153,690 5,755
Canadian - Total responses 447,090 199,170 246,020 1,605
Canadian - Single responses 210,605 68,850 141,020 615
Canadian - Multiple responses 236,480 130,320 105,000 990
English- Total responses 221,955 205,580 15,570 715
English - Single responses 32,415 31,615 780 0
English - Multiple responses 189,540 173,960 14,790 710
French - Total responses 304,240 124,305 178,245 1,580
French - Single responses 61,425 5,965 55,315 140
French - Multiple responses 242,810 118,335 122,930 1,430
Scottish - Total responses 182,800 169,995 12,390 400
Scottish - Single responses 16,420 15,580 830 0
Scottish - Multiple responses 166,380 154,415 11,565 395
Irish - Total responses 228,035 198,560 28,930 500
Irish - Single responses 25,165 22,380 2,760 0
Irish - Multiple responses 202,870 176,190 26,165 480
German - Total responses 85,015 74,870 9,615 450
German - Single responses 9,665 8,695 900 70
German - Multiple responses 75,350 66,175 8,715 380
Italian - Total responses 47,970 39,020 7,610 950
Italian - Single responses 15,965 14,030 1,160 455
Italian - Multiple responses 32,010 24,985 6,450 495
Chinese - Total responses 42,735 35,855 1,590 1,450
Chinese - Single responses 33,630 27,790 905 1,280
Chinese - Multiple responses 9,115 8,065 685 160
First Nations (North American Indian) - Total responses 48,035 23,295 24,475 255
First Nations (North American Indian) - Single responses 6,280 2,415 3,835 0
First Nations (North American Indian) - Multiple responses 41,755 20,880 20,640 230
Ukrainian - Total responses 23,885 22,195 1,155 425
Ukrainian - Single responses 4,045 3,705 155 155
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 19,840 18,485 1,000 265
East Indian - Total responses 25,545 23,635 925 600
East Indian - Single responses 17,100 16,275 80 430
East Indian - Multiple responses 8,450 7,355 845 170
Dutch - Total responses 30,225 28,535 1,520 170
Dutch - Single responses 6,700 6,490 180 35
Dutch - Multiple responses 23,520 22,045 1,340 135
Polish- Total responses 31,915 29,010 2,125 650
Polish - Single responses 7,585 6,775 255 455
Polish - Multiple responses 24,325 22,230 1,865 190
Filipino - Total responses 11,905 11,535 235 80
Filipino - Single responses 8,465 8,335 35 40
Filipino - Multiple responses 3,445 3,200 195 40
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Total responsesFootnote 91 33,180 31,950 1,165 55
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Single responsesFootnote 92 6,215 6,115 100 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Multiple responsesFootnote 93 26,965 25,835 1,065 55
Russian- Total responses 13,640 12,145 620 605
Russian - Single responses 2,590 2,120 100 230
Russian - Multiple responses 11,055 10,020 520 375
Welsh - Total responses 17,415 16,960 445 0
Welsh - Single responses 835 815 20 0
Welsh - Multiple responses 16,580 16,145 420 0
Norwegian - Total responses 6,770 6,220 545 0
Norwegian - Single responses 370 335 30 0
Norwegian - Multiple responses 6,400 5,885 510 0
Métis - Total responses 14,005 7,140 6,800 65
Métis - Single responses 1,690 615 1,075 0
Métis - Multiple responses 12,320 6,525 5,730 70
Portuguese - Total responses 12,315 7,680 3,490 740
Portuguese - Single responses 6,335 3,515 1,860 605
Portuguese - Multiple responses 5,980 4,170 1,625 135
American - Total responses 14,270 11,885 2,325 55
American - Single responses 1,000 810 185 0
American - Multiple responses 13,275 11,070 2,145 50
Spanish - Total responses 14,220 9,735 3,160 1,085
Spanish - Single responses 2,450 1,715 470 195
Spanish - Multiple responses 11,765 8,020 2,690 885
Swedish - Total responses 6,520 6,060 450 0
Swedish - Single responses 440 420 25 0
Swedish - Multiple responses 6,075 5,645 425 0
Hungarian - Total responses 8,135 7,245 615 215
Hungarian - Single responses 1,885 1,680 70 105
Hungarian - Multiple responses 6,250 5,570 545 110
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overFootnote 94 1,005,005 644,615 332,390 18,855
Without income 45,830 29,515 13,925 1,605
With income 959,175 615,100 318,460 17,250
Under $5,000Footnote 95 85,685 59,765 22,420 2,270
$5,000 to $9,999 62,685 39,960 20,185 1,760
$10,000 to $14,999 75,285 47,220 25,100 1,455
$15,000 to $19,999 70,055 42,195 24,215 1,260
$20,000 to $29,999 103,210 64,445 35,230 2,380
$30,000 to $39,999 96,400 58,795 35,430 1,625
$40,000 to $49,999 94,375 57,585 35,000 1,540
$50,000 to $59,999 89,265 53,600 34,350 1,145
$60,000 to $79,999 121,835 77,535 42,520 1,620
$80,000 to $99,999 77,245 52,915 23,220 1,025
$100,000 and over 83,135 61,085 20,790 1,170
$100,000 to $124,999 43,150 30,900 11,545 670
$125,000 and over 39,990 30,190 9,245 500
Median income $Footnote 96 38,543 39,128 39,054 27,110
Average income $Footnote 97 47,727 49,480 45,529 39,143
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overFootnote 98 1,005,005 644,620 332,385 18,850
Without after-tax income 45,990 29,615 13,990 1,605
With after-tax income 959,015 615,000 318,395 17,250
Under $5,000Footnote 99 88,540 61,605 23,390 2,310
$5,000 to $9,999 64,560 41,155 20,870 1,735
$10,000 to $14,999 76,765 48,315 25,445 1,490
$15,000 to $19,999 75,980 45,815 26,425 1,365
$20,000 to $29,999 124,025 75,825 44,265 2,640
$30,000 to $39,999 124,280 75,030 46,625 2,090
$40,000 to $49,999 121,975 72,775 47,170 1,790
$50,000 to $59,999 89,470 56,055 32,130 1,170
$60,000 to $79,999 117,155 80,725 34,680 1,620
$80,000 to $99,999 43,315 32,145 10,495 615
$100,000 and over 32,935 25,560 6,915 420
Median after-tax income $Footnote 100 34,062 34,750 34,016 25,824
Average after-tax income $Footnote 101 39,111 40,507 37,292 32,765
Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 102 1,005,005 644,615 332,390 18,850
With employment income 727,830 472,570 239,905 13,265
Median employment income $Footnote 103 40,135 40,044 41,278 30,025
Average employment income $Footnote 104 48,218 49,513 46,232 41,595
With wages and salaries 681,495 440,950 226,360 12,260
Median wages and salaries $Footnote 105 41,652 41,536 42,647 32,155
Average wages and salaries $Footnote 106 48,492 49,781 46,567 41,235
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010 700,685 455,135 230,015 13,570
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 107 405,270 263,325 134,530 6,635
All othersFootnote 108 295,415 191,805 95,485 6,935

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 2

Those classified in the category 'Neither English nor French' appear only in the 'Total' category in this table.

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Footnote 3

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 4

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 5

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 6

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 7

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 8

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 9

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal languages spoken most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 10

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal most often spoken at home (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 11

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 12

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the NHS. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 13

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 14

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 15

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 16

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 17

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 18

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 19

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 20

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 22

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 23

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 24

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 25

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 26

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 27

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 28

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 29

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 30

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 31

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada.

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 32

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 33

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 34

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 35

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 36

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 37

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 38

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 39

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 40

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 41

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 42

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 43

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 44

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 45

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 46

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 47

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 48

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 49

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 50

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 51

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 52

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 53

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 54

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 55

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 56

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 57

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 58

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 59

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 60

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 61

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 62

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 63

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 64

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 65

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 66

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 67

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 69

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 70

'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 71

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas', 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 72

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 73

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 75

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 76

'Earned doctorate.' This category refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 77

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution from which the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 82

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 83

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 84

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 85

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 86

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 87

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 88

The category 'Total population in private households by selected ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' indicates the number of respondents who reported a specific ethnic origin, either as their only ethnic origin or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The sum of all total responses for all ethnic origins is greater than the total population estimate due to the reporting of multiple origins.

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Footnote 89

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 90

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 91

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 92

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 93

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 94

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 95

Including loss.

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Footnote 96

For population with income.

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Footnote 97

For population with income.

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Footnote 98

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 99

Including loss.

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Footnote 100

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 101

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 102

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 103

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 104

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 105

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 106

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 107

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).

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Footnote 108

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011043.

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