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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (75), First Official Language Spoken (4), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (10), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, educational, labour force and income characteristics , first official language spoken , immigrant status and period of immigration , age groups and sex for the population in Ottawa - Gatineau
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 1 = 22.3 %
Selected demographic, educational, labour force and income characteristics (75) First official language spoken (4)
Total population in private households by first official language spokenFootnote 2 English French English and French
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 3 1,215,735 778,430 400,530 24,090
English 599,880 599,595 280 0
French 376,915 1,760 375,155 0
Non-official language 213,075 159,975 18,955 21,465
English and French 6,535 3,005 1,285 2,245
English and non-official language 13,675 13,620 50 0
French and non-official language 4,930 200 4,730 0
English, French and non-official language 725 280 70 375
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 4 1,215,735 778,435 400,530 24,090
English only 555,315 555,315 0 0
French only 103,765 0 103,765 0
English and French 543,375 222,665 296,615 24,090
Neither English nor French 13,285 450 150 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 5 741,945 482,510 243,100 14,110
English 550,755 458,865 82,725 8,190
French 147,300 8,435 136,110 2,670
Non-official language 3,935 2,345 230 315
Aboriginal 55 55 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 3,880 2,295 230 320
English and French 36,910 10,660 23,530 2,695
English and non-official language 2,260 1,950 85 125
French and non-official language 145 0 135 0
English, French and non-official language 640 255 280 110
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 6 741,945 482,510 243,100 14,110
None 515,930 397,985 108,025 7,895
English 80,420 7,135 71,675 1,530
French 134,305 68,655 61,925 3,720
Non-official language 9,310 7,580 935 680
Aboriginal 185 100 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 9,120 7,480 855 670
English and French 160 70 50 40
English and non-official language 430 65 285 85
French and non-official language 1,390 1,020 205 165
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 7 1,005,005 644,615 332,390 18,855
In the labour force 700,690 455,135 230,015 13,570
Employed 654,515 423,140 217,595 12,040
Unemployed 46,175 31,995 12,420 1,530
Not in the labour force 304,315 189,485 102,375 5,285
Participation rate 69.7 70.6 69.2 72.0
Employment rate 65.1 65.6 65.5 63.9
Unemployment rate 6.6 7.0 5.4 11.3
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 8 700,690 455,135 230,015 13,570
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 9 13,680 9,130 3,790 625
All occupationsFootnote 10 687,005 446,010 226,225 12,945
0 Management occupations 81,625 55,695 24,635 1,175
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 140,070 84,410 52,700 2,795
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 77,355 57,380 18,285 1,630
3 Health occupations 40,025 25,710 13,470 755
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 105,400 68,105 35,030 2,135
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 24,635 16,390 7,835 395
6 Sales and service occupations 144,470 94,370 45,910 3,160
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 59,485 34,270 24,310 750
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,665 4,135 1,440 50
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,275 5,525 2,605 90
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 11 1,005,005 644,615 332,390 18,855
No certificate, diploma or degree 151,945 80,340 64,005 2,345
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 12 233,695 153,400 74,905 3,645
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 13 619,370 410,875 193,475 12,860
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 14 73,185 33,745 37,995 1,135
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 188,595 124,200 61,175 2,645
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 15 40,905 25,350 14,185 1,100
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 316,675 227,580 80,125 7,980
Bachelor's degree 187,805 134,425 49,015 3,620
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 16 128,875 93,150 31,110 4,355
Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 17 1,005,010 644,620 332,390 18,850
With employment income 727,835 472,570 239,905 13,265
Median employment income $Footnote 18 40,135 40,044 41,278 30,025
Average employment income $Footnote 19 48,218 49,513 46,232 41,595
With wages and salaries 681,500 440,950 226,365 12,260
Median wages and salaries $Footnote 20 41,652 41,536 42,647 32,155
Average wages and salaries $Footnote 21 48,492 49,781 46,567 41,235
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010 700,685 455,135 230,015 13,570
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 22 405,270 263,330 134,530 6,635
All othersFootnote 23 295,420 191,805 95,485 6,935

Symbol(s)

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not applicable

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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 2

Those classified in the category 'Neither English nor French' appear only in the 'Total' category in this table.

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Footnote 3

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 4

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 5

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 7

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 8

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 9

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 10

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 11

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 12

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 13

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 14

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 15

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 16

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 17

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 18

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 19

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 20

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 21

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 22

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).

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Footnote 23

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011045.

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