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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (688), Mother tongue (4), Age Groups (8D) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

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This table details selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics , mother tongue , age groups and sex for the population in Ottawa - Gatineau
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 1 = 22.3 %
Selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics (688) Mother tongue (4)
Total population in private households by mother tongueFootnote 2 English French English and French
Total population in private households by age group 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,265
0 to 4 years 70,990 38,090 22,660 940
5 to 9 years 68,295 38,145 20,555 765
10 to 14 years 71,445 39,790 21,550 815
15 to 19 years 82,025 44,580 25,035 775
20 to 24 years 88,395 49,255 24,650 435
25 to 29 years 84,005 44,300 24,680 490
30 to 34 years 81,735 39,890 25,625 410
35 to 39 years 84,370 40,240 24,905 250
40 to 44 years 89,605 41,585 26,235 400
45 to 49 years 103,335 48,735 33,495 370
50 to 54 years 97,985 47,405 33,510 290
55 to 59 years 81,495 39,620 28,205 330
60 to 64 years 69,530 34,565 23,465 280
65 to 69 years 49,915 23,795 17,735 235
70 to 74 years 34,885 15,780 11,515 220
75 to 79 years 27,045 12,090 9,020 100
80 to 84 years 18,535 9,005 5,835 105
85 years and over 12,160 6,665 3,170 55
Median ageFootnote 3 38.6 36.6 40.3 23.3
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 4 1,005,005 497,520 317,080 4,750
Married or living with a common-law partner 577,715 275,285 182,440 2,070
Married (and not separated) 459,365 225,320 122,965 1,535
Living common law 118,355 49,960 59,470 535
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 427,285 222,240 134,645 2,675
Single (never legally married) 298,970 162,510 90,195 1,985
Separated 25,515 12,965 6,975 95
Divorced 61,460 28,880 22,725 415
Widowed 41,345 17,890 14,750 175
Total population in private households by first official language spoken 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,265
English 778,430 613,220 1,955 3,285
French 400,530 335 379,890 1,355
English and French 24,090 0 0 2,625
Neither English nor French 12,680 0 0 0
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 5 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,265
English only 555,310 420,630 1,955 345
French only 103,765 330 94,795 70
English and French 543,375 192,260 284,965 6,850
Neither English nor French 13,285 325 130 0
Total population in private households by language spoken most often at home 1,215,735 613,550 381,840 7,265
Single responses 1,174,675 603,835 374,510 4,645
English 715,095 590,370 46,215 3,185
French 347,990 8,710 326,410 1,345
Non-official languages 111,590 4,755 1,875 120
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 6 115 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 100 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 7 92,415 3,785 1,540 115
Arabic 21,090 1,105 535 65
Bengali 2,375 195 0 0
Cantonese 4,060 100 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,495 350 75 0
Creoles 2,400 45 405 0
Dutch 120 0 0 0
German 770 45 0 0
Greek 610 30 0 0
Gujarati 645 65 0 0
Hindi 1,215 50 0 0
Hungarian 595 0 0 0
Italian 2,640 65 0 0
Korean 1,190 20 0 0
Mandarin 5,545 115 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,060 170 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 3,980 30 0 0
Polish 2,315 90 0 0
Portuguese 2,930 90 0 0
Romanian 1,840 30 45 0
Russian 4,015 40 20 0
Serbian 1,585 50 40 0
Spanish 8,880 445 310 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,855 235 0 0
Tamil 2,065 110 0 0
Ukrainian 405 0 0 0
Urdu 2,100 115 0 0
Vietnamese 4,635 185 30 0
Other languagesFootnote 8 19,070 965 335 0
Multiple responses 41,060 9,715 7,340 2,620
English and French 7,915 1,240 4,125 2,230
English and non-official language 26,515 8,345 480 75
French and non-official language 5,505 55 2,485 0
English, French and non-official language 1,125 75 250 305
Total population in private households by other language spoken regularly at home 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,260
None 932,260 551,905 272,330 4,455
English 130,575 8,875 76,045 860
French 72,560 36,970 25,880 1,565
Non-official language 70,325 14,330 5,520 190
Aboriginal 335 145 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 69,990 14,190 5,490 190
English and French 2,985 130 165 0
English and non-official language 3,190 115 1,450 70
French and non-official language 3,750 1,230 435 100
English, French and non-official language 80 0 0 0
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenFootnote 9 295,195 54,695 31,905 1,250
Aboriginal languages 845 225 60 0
Algonquin 65 35 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0
Cree languagesFootnote 10 300 85 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 100 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 205 45 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesFootnote 11 130 50 25 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 294,430 54,485 31,865 1,240
Italian 17,790 4,720 2,050 120
Portuguese 9,335 1,330 1,140 0
Romanian 3,490 190 105 0
Spanish 46,595 12,185 15,040 440
Dutch 3,660 895 195 0
Flemish 145 20 20 0
German 14,830 5,015 1,765 60
Yiddish 475 260 0 0
Danish 520 190 0 0
Norwegian 455 215 45 0
Swedish 735 225 100 0
Afrikaans 465 210 0 0
Gaelic languages 385 375 0 0
Bosnian 900 50 0 0
Bulgarian 1,195 80 40 0
Croatian 1,835 165 25 0
Czech 1,520 140 60 0
Macedonian 145 0 0 0
Polish 6,995 720 110 45
Russian 9,125 855 230 0
Serbian 2,605 150 125 0
Serbo-Croatian 980 60 40 0
Slovak 825 125 0 0
Slovenian 340 35 0 0
Ukrainian 2,695 345 45 0
Latvian 380 70 0 0
Lithuanian 285 20 0 0
Greek 3,260 890 145 20
Armenian 485 40 35 0
Albanian 750 105 20 0
Estonian 190 25 0 0
Finnish 535 115 0 0
Hungarian 2,150 315 35 0
Turkish 2,535 170 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 230 0 80 0
Oromo 715 30 90 0
Somali 8,450 910 535 0
Amharic 1,730 185 0 0
Arabic 47,425 7,235 3,655 305
Hebrew 1,975 840 45 0
Maltese 35 25 0 0
Tigrigna 975 100 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 140 0 0 0
Bengali 4,190 730 0 0
Gujarati 2,040 510 25 0
Hindi 9,070 1,805 0 20
Konkani 160 105 0 0
Marathi 460 90 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,890 1,255 0 0
Sindhi 345 100 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,050 220 0 0
Urdu 6,095 1,295 0 0
Nepali 920 50 0 0
Kurdish 1,245 95 0 0
Pashto 925 90 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 8,010 640 45 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 285 20 0 0
Kannada 280 50 0 0
Malayalam 685 115 0 0
Tamil 3,785 665 25 0
Telugu 490 70 0 0
Japanese 2,495 960 265 15
Korean 2,135 210 35 0
Cantonese 8,680 1,255 50 0
Fukien 110 0 0 0
Hakka 55 0 0 0
Mandarin 11,120 1,295 195 20
Taiwanese 315 35 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 14,645 1,415 165 40
Lao 610 95 20 0
Thai 680 165 20 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,700 275 65 0
Vietnamese 8,105 680 140 0
Bisayan languages 510 105 0 0
Ilocano 515 30 0 0
Malay 625 190 30 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 8,130 1,545 0 0
Akan (Twi) 675 190 0 0
Lingala 1,725 30 895 55
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,820 50 455 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,170 15 200 0
Swahili 3,900 400 900 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,485 190 370 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,445 540 675 0
African languages, n.i.e. 815 210 135 0
Creoles 10,760 1,055 4,300 50
Other non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 12 7,150 2,130 970 20
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 13 1,201,600 606,215 377,080 6,950
Non-movers 1,038,210 526,455 328,965 6,155
Movers 163,395 79,760 48,120 800
Non-migrants 113,320 57,100 33,750 555
Migrants 50,070 22,660 14,370 245
Internal migrants 37,855 19,215 12,685 210
Intraprovincial migrants 23,850 11,930 8,885 135
Interprovincial migrants 14,000 7,285 3,805 75
External migrants 12,220 3,445 1,680 35
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 14 1,144,745 575,455 359,185 6,320
Non-movers 666,720 345,205 215,170 3,805
Movers 478,025 230,255 144,015 2,520
Non-migrants 302,515 151,645 94,345 1,515
Migrants 175,510 78,610 49,665 1,005
Internal migrants 130,070 67,350 43,620 915
Intraprovincial migrants 79,620 39,650 30,340 605
Interprovincial migrants 50,455 27,695 13,275 310
External migrants 45,440 11,260 6,050 90
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 15 1,215,730 613,550 381,845 7,265
Canadian citizens 1,152,870 601,340 375,465 7,100
Canadian citizens only 1,104,175 584,530 370,405 6,925
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 48,695 16,810 5,055 175
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 16 62,860 12,215 6,380 165
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 17 1,215,735 613,550 381,840 7,265
Non-immigrantsFootnote 18 967,850 555,370 362,465 6,725
Born in province of residence 722,825 407,140 276,575 4,880
Born outside province of residence 245,015 148,220 85,885 1,850
ImmigrantsFootnote 19 235,340 55,605 18,050 525
Americas 38,980 16,525 4,590 55
United States 9,905 8,275 775 35
Jamaica 3,035 2,935 0 0
Guyana 1,200 1,180 0 0
Haiti 7,700 190 3,345 0
Mexico 1,920 125 55 0
Trinidad and Tobago 1,325 1,280 0 0
Colombia 2,655 85 100 0
El Salvador 2,240 225 30 0
Peru 1,060 140 20 0
Chile 625 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 7,310 2,045 245 0
Europe 67,695 22,565 5,225 75
United KingdomFootnote 20 18,835 18,210 75 0
Italy 5,765 415 40 0
Germany 4,865 1,050 215 0
Poland 4,450 180 0 0
Portugal 3,680 150 45 0
Netherlands 2,340 340 0 0
France 4,140 225 3,610 0
Romania 3,070 120 120 0
Russian Federation 3,090 120 40 0
Greece 1,105 60 15 0
Ukraine 1,690 85 0 0
Croatia 1,175 50 45 0
Hungary 990 55 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,205 40 20 0
Serbia 975 30 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 805 795 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 8,505 625 955 35
Africa 33,395 4,670 6,405 215
Morocco 2,490 25 560 0
Algeria 1,930 55 500 0
Egypt 3,005 400 270 20
South Africa, Republic of 725 525 0 0
Nigeria 1,210 645 0 0
Ethiopia 1,855 160 70 0
Kenya 1,125 395 20 0
Other places of birth in Africa 21,060 2,465 4,980 165
Asia 94,365 11,045 1,815 165
India 9,285 2,055 0 0
ChinaFootnote 21 17,570 980 440 25
Philippines 7,730 1,615 15 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 3,080 280 0 0
Viet NamFootnote 22 6,585 295 75 0
Pakistan 3,745 830 0 0
Sri Lanka 2,910 460 15 0
IranFootnote 23 4,550 240 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 24 1,630 190 30 0
Lebanon 12,115 950 920 80
Taiwan 755 0 20 0
Iraq 3,170 255 0 0
Bangladesh 2,565 265 0 0
Afghanistan 1,700 70 0 0
Japan 630 65 0 0
Turkey 1,375 55 35 0
Other places of birth in Asia 14,965 2,420 205 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 25 900 810 15 0
Fiji 0 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 26 890 805 15 0
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 27 12,550 2,575 1,330 0
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthFootnote 28 40,425 6,245 4,675 130
Americas 8,565 1,915 1,190 0
United States 1,855 1,420 165 0
Mexico 630 15 0 0
Cuba 280 0 0 0
Haiti 2,730 60 925 0
Jamaica 105 95 0 0
Brazil 395 0 0 0
Colombia 1,100 35 55 0
Guyana 20 20 0 0
Peru 205 10 0 0
VenezuelaFootnote 29 155 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 1,085 250 20 0
Europe 4,345 1,025 905 0
France 695 0 660 0
Germany 195 35 0 0
Poland 95 0 0 0
Romania 415 0 0 0
MoldovaFootnote 30 105 0 0 0
Russian Federation 505 40 0 0
Ukraine 270 0 0 0
United KingdomFootnote 31 845 830 10 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,215 85 205 0
Africa 9,620 1,100 2,210 35
Nigeria 405 260 0 0
Ethiopia 405 55 0 0
Mauritius 130 0 90 0
Somalia 530 0 0 0
Algeria 490 0 125 0
Egypt 730 90 0 0
Morocco 1,010 0 125 0
Tunisia 235 0 50 0
Cameroon 565 65 405 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 1,010 50 340 0
South Africa, Republic of 65 60 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 4,030 505 1,055 0
Asia 17,760 2,090 370 65
Philippines 2,615 570 0 0
ChinaFootnote 32 2,830 195 120 0
India 1,595 310 0 0
Pakistan 640 135 0 0
IranFootnote 33 915 0 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 34 450 45 0 0
Sri Lanka 530 55 0 0
Iraq 995 0 0 0
Bangladesh 520 65 0 0
Lebanon 1,615 225 160 50
Viet NamFootnote 35 315 15 20 0
Taiwan 175 0 0 0
Afghanistan 345 0 0 0
Japan 135 0 0 0
Turkey 340 15 0 0
Israel 90 0 0 0
Nepal 375 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 65 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 485 90 0 0
Saudi Arabia 225 25 0 0
SyriaFootnote 36 400 55 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 2,095 235 30 0
Oceania and otherFootnote 37 140 115 0 0
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 38 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,265
Non-immigrantsFootnote 39 967,850 555,370 362,460 6,725
ImmigrantsFootnote 40 235,340 55,610 18,050 525
Before 1971 38,280 16,610 1,860 60
1971 to 1980 26,925 10,285 1,885 25
1981 to 1990 35,925 7,995 1,990 95
1991 to 2000 60,560 9,180 4,155 90
2001 to 2011Footnote 41 73,640 11,545 8,160 250
2001 to 2005 33,220 5,300 3,480 125
2006 to 2011Footnote 42 40,425 6,240 4,675 130
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 43 12,555 2,575 1,330 0
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 44 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,260
First generationFootnote 45 254,880 63,255 20,500 580
Second generationFootnote 46 202,260 136,225 24,180 1,575
Third generation or moreFootnote 47 758,595 414,065 337,160 5,115
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,265
Aboriginal identityFootnote 48 30,570 15,865 13,595 380
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 49 16,245 9,365 6,255 190
Métis single identity 12,265 5,345 6,680 150
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 860 530 165 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 50 305 140 120 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 51 890 485 370 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,185,165 597,685 368,250 6,885
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 52 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,260
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 53 7,920 5,165 2,240 110
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,207,815 608,385 379,600 7,155
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 54 1,005,005 497,520 317,080 4,745
In the labour force 700,685 354,865 219,210 3,100
Employed 654,515 330,980 207,885 2,820
Unemployed 46,175 23,890 11,325 275
Not in the labour force 304,320 142,650 97,870 1,650
Participation rate 69.7 71.3 69.1 65.3
Employment rate 65.1 66.5 65.6 59.4
Unemployment rate 6.6 6.7 5.2 8.9
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker 700,690 354,870 219,215 3,095
Class of Worker- Not applicableFootnote 55 13,680 6,150 3,370 80
All Classes of WorkerFootnote 56 687,010 348,720 215,840 3,015
Employee 624,265 316,935 197,735 2,700
Self-employed 62,740 31,785 18,110 320
Self-employed (incorporated) 21,905 10,965 6,360 75
Without paid help 9,680 4,930 2,905 20
With paid help 12,220 6,040 3,465 55
Self-employed (unincorporated) 39,710 20,345 11,480 245
Without paid help 29,055 15,200 8,865 185
With paid help 10,655 5,150 2,610 55
Unpaid family worker 1,130 475 260 0
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011 700,690 354,870 219,215 3,095
Occupation - Not applicableFootnote 57 13,680 6,150 3,370 80
All occupationsFootnote 58 687,010 348,720 215,845 3,020
0 Management occupations 81,630 45,800 23,845 280
00 Senior management occupations 11,130 5,945 3,755 45
01-05 Specialized middle management occupations 40,505 23,115 12,040 140
06 Middle management occupations in retail and wholesale trade and customer services 20,230 11,285 5,060 55
07-09 Middle management occupations in trades, transportation, production and utilities 9,760 5,445 3,000 40
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 140,070 68,625 51,040 670
11 Professional occupations in business and finance 31,560 15,890 10,530 125
12 Administrative and financial supervisors and administrative occupations 55,895 26,505 21,995 305
13 Finance, insurance and related business administrative occupations 6,560 3,560 1,980 20
14 Office support occupations 35,715 17,170 13,115 110
15 Distribution, tracking and scheduling co-ordination occupations 10,345 5,495 3,425 110
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 77,355 39,700 17,445 280
21 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 52,915 26,875 10,530 185
22 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 24,440 12,825 6,920 95
3 Health occupations 40,020 19,315 12,355 100
30 Professional occupations in nursing 11,370 6,035 3,475 0
31 Professional occupations in health (except nursing) 9,620 5,090 2,545 0
32 Technical occupations in health 10,980 5,160 3,705 30
34 Assisting occupations in support of health services 8,050 3,035 2,630 30
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 105,400 54,725 32,770 360
40 Professional occupations in education services 31,510 15,280 10,885 105
41 Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services 38,195 22,015 9,955 145
42 Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services 17,295 8,130 6,250 35
43 Occupations in front-line public protection services 9,010 5,040 3,340 35
44 Care providers and educational, legal and public protection support occupations 9,390 4,265 2,345 0
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 24,635 13,980 7,595 130
51 Professional occupations in art and culture 12,080 6,380 4,195 55
52 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 12,555 7,595 3,400 75
6 Sales and service occupations 144,470 71,670 43,140 870
62 Retail sales supervisors and specialized sales occupations 11,675 6,915 3,140 20
63 Service supervisors and specialized service occupations 19,305 8,125 5,495 115
64 Sales representatives and salespersons - wholesale and retail trade 28,690 15,675 8,280 225
65 Service representatives and other customer and personal services occupations 31,860 15,785 10,340 210
66 Sales support occupations 20,350 10,510 6,275 140
67 Service support and other service occupations, n.e.c. 32,585 14,665 9,605 160
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 59,485 27,415 23,715 270
72 Industrial, electrical and construction trades 22,100 9,630 9,885 70
73 Maintenance and equipment operation trades 10,255 5,495 3,495 60
74 Other installers, repairers and servicers and material handlers 5,055 2,775 1,695 40
75 Transport and heavy equipment operation and related maintenance occupations 15,955 6,950 5,880 75
76 Trades helpers, construction labourers and related occupations 6,125 2,570 2,765 20
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,665 3,775 1,415 0
82 Supervisors and technical occupations in natural resources, agriculture and related production 975 590 280 0
84 Workers in natural resources, agriculture and related production 1,100 730 285 0
86 Harvesting, landscaping and natural resources labourers 3,590 2,460 855 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,280 3,725 2,520 50
92 Processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators 1,465 765 545 0
94 Processing and manufacturing machine operators and related production workers 2,665 1,275 905 0
95 Assemblers in manufacturing 2,705 1,110 465 0
96 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 1,440 575 605 0
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 59 700,685 354,865 219,210 3,100
Industry - not applicableFootnote 60 13,680 6,145 3,370 80
All industriesFootnote 61 687,010 348,720 215,840 3,015
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,395 2,075 885 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 680 330 260 0
22 Utilities 2,605 1,325 1,030 0
23 Construction 36,560 16,830 15,280 155
31-33 Manufacturing 24,135 11,620 6,910 80
41 Wholesale trade 16,705 9,405 4,125 50
44-45 Retail trade 69,140 37,170 20,845 495
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 20,295 9,865 6,230 90
51 Information and cultural industries 17,465 10,295 4,200 115
52 Finance and insurance 21,690 12,120 5,550 60
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 11,005 6,470 2,815 25
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 58,625 35,090 11,675 245
55 Management of companies and enterprises 335 195 80 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 27,075 13,275 7,910 160
61 Educational services 52,480 25,460 18,660 225
62 Health care and social assistance 71,490 33,780 23,970 215
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 13,820 7,530 4,820 100
72 Accommodation and food services 41,220 20,765 9,575 155
81 Other services (except public administration) 30,700 15,380 8,845 180
91 Public administration 167,600 79,735 62,180 665
Total employed population 15 years and over by place of work statusFootnote 62 654,515 330,985 207,890 2,820
Usual place of work 558,010 280,075 179,860 2,325
Work in CSD of residence 444,630 244,580 115,495 1,755
Work in a different CSD in CD of residence 1,735 360 1,300 35
Work in a different CSD and CD in province of residence 33,385 11,620 19,770 115
Work in a different province 78,265 23,510 43,300 425
Worked at home 38,145 21,590 9,505 215
Worked outside Canada 2,435 1,320 410 0
No fixed workplace address 55,930 28,000 18,110 270
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationFootnote 63 613,940 308,075 197,970 2,600
Car, truck or van - as a driver 391,445 191,355 136,130 1,585
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 40,950 20,235 13,585 165
Public transit 123,170 61,795 33,255 535
Walked 38,735 22,935 9,805 225
Bicycle 13,670 8,630 3,545 60
Other methods 5,970 3,125 1,655 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 64 741,945 377,275 231,820 3,345
English 550,760 361,285 80,110 1,795
French 147,300 7,345 129,525 455
Non-official language 3,935 240 110 0
Aboriginal 55 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 3,880 235 110 0
English and French 36,915 7,970 21,775 1,100
English and non-official language 2,255 385 70 0
French and non-official language 150 0 50 0
English, French and non-official language 640 45 175 0
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by other language used regularly at workFootnote 65 741,945 377,280 231,815 3,345
None 515,930 310,265 101,955 1,965
English 80,420 5,395 69,115 280
French 134,305 59,540 59,865 1,080
Non-official language 9,310 1,440 520 0
Aboriginal 190 50 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 9,120 1,390 435 0
English and French 160 50 0 0
English and non-official language 430 15 180 0
French and non-official language 1,385 570 140 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 66 1,005,005 497,520 317,080 4,750
No certificate, diploma or degree 151,940 61,475 61,310 975
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 67 233,690 124,665 72,375 1,335
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 68 619,370 311,375 183,400 2,440
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 69 73,190 25,365 36,735 470
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)Footnote 70 45,180 14,545 23,910 315
Registered Apprenticeship certificateFootnote 71 28,005 10,825 12,820 150
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 188,595 102,655 58,675 870
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 72 40,905 16,890 13,160 170
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 316,680 166,460 74,835 935
Bachelor's degree 187,800 103,385 46,505 505
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 28,535 13,665 7,495 135
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 6,755 3,400 1,200 0
Master's degree 76,745 38,855 16,705 255
Earned doctorateFootnote 73 16,845 7,155 2,930 35
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 74 619,370 311,375 183,400 2,435
Education 40,385 19,310 15,380 185
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 20,920 11,780 6,045 90
Humanities 43,705 24,220 11,740 185
Social and behavioural sciences and law 97,565 56,285 23,645 390
Business, management and public administration 130,375 61,020 44,580 570
Physical and life sciences and technologies 30,135 16,160 5,595 90
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 41,425 19,545 10,355 135
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 103,825 47,300 30,305 430
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 9,145 4,870 2,665 30
Health and related fieldsFootnote 75 72,005 37,305 21,140 195
Personal, protective and transportation services 29,805 13,550 11,925 135
Other fields of studyFootnote 76 90 30 35 0
Total population aged 15 years and over with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree by location of studyFootnote 77 619,370 311,375 183,395 2,440
Inside Canada 535,450 288,570 176,620 2,275
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,565 3,370 40 0
Prince Edward Island 880 790 50 0
Nova Scotia 11,000 9,685 670 0
New Brunswick 6,760 4,270 2,110 50
Quebec 123,960 20,955 92,360 575
Ontario 367,095 232,720 79,600 1,600
Manitoba 4,940 3,735 360 0
Saskatchewan 3,275 2,530 275 0
Alberta 6,815 5,050 630 0
British Columbia 6,985 5,395 500 0
Yukon 35 0 0 0
Northwest Territories 85 35 15 0
Nunavut 40 0 0 0
Outside Canada 83,920 22,800 6,780 165
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,265
Total visible minority populationFootnote 78 234,015 67,010 23,220 1,020
South AsianFootnote 79 34,790 13,200 345 145
Chinese 37,135 8,365 890 170
Black 60,665 20,830 16,565 405
Filipino 10,970 4,030 125 35
Latin American 14,270 1,850 535 15
Arab 38,960 7,490 3,095 150
Southeast AsianFootnote 80 15,030 3,510 720 45
West AsianFootnote 81 8,195 710 60 0
Korean 2,475 520 60 0
Japanese 2,350 1,395 115 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 82 2,475 1,515 280 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 83 6,700 3,600 440 35
Not a visible minorityFootnote 84 981,720 546,545 358,625 6,245
Total population in private households by selected ethnic origins (single and multiple responses)Footnote 85 1,215,735 613,550 381,845 7,260
Total population - Single responsesFootnote 86 638,275 225,730 230,920 2,730
Total population - Multiple responsesFootnote 87 577,455 387,820 150,925 4,535
Canadian - Total responses 447,090 194,595 245,460 3,200
Canadian - Single responses 210,605 67,860 140,735 1,220
Canadian - Multiple responses 236,485 126,735 104,720 1,975
English- Total responses 221,955 203,460 15,580 1,550
English - Single responses 32,415 31,530 775 45
English - Multiple responses 189,545 171,930 14,805 1,505
French - Total responses 304,240 120,310 177,745 3,615
French - Single responses 61,425 5,545 55,345 410
French - Multiple responses 242,810 114,765 122,395 3,205
Scottish - Total responses 182,800 168,770 12,390 1,035
Scottish - Single responses 16,420 15,525 835 30
Scottish - Multiple responses 166,380 153,245 11,555 1,010
Irish - Total responses 228,035 197,265 28,795 1,420
Irish - Single responses 25,165 22,335 2,710 95
Irish - Multiple responses 202,870 174,930 26,085 1,330
German - Total responses 85,015 67,680 9,280 430
German - Single responses 9,665 5,005 795 0
German - Multiple responses 75,350 62,675 8,485 415
Italian - Total responses 47,975 29,190 7,005 395
Italian - Single responses 15,960 6,025 850 45
Italian - Multiple responses 32,010 23,160 6,160 350
Chinese - Total responses 42,740 11,045 1,185 185
Chinese - Single responses 33,625 5,480 625 125
Chinese - Multiple responses 9,115 5,560 565 60
First Nations (North American Indian) - Total responses 48,035 22,305 24,445 715
First Nations (North American Indian) - Single responses 6,275 2,035 3,825 70
First Nations (North American Indian) - Multiple responses 41,755 20,270 20,620 645
Ukrainian - Total responses 23,885 18,945 1,060 45
Ukrainian - Single responses 4,050 2,305 100 0
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 19,840 16,640 960 40
East Indian - Total responses 25,545 12,165 815 100
East Indian - Single responses 17,100 6,720 60 50
East Indian - Multiple responses 8,450 5,445 755 55
Dutch - Total responses 30,220 25,580 1,440 140
Dutch - Single responses 6,700 4,360 140 0
Dutch - Multiple responses 23,520 21,220 1,305 140
Polish- Total responses 31,915 22,275 1,940 140
Polish - Single responses 7,590 2,330 160 0
Polish - Multiple responses 24,330 19,940 1,780 135
Filipino- Total responses 11,905 4,575 175 70
Filipino - Single responses 8,465 2,460 20 0
Filipino - Multiple responses 3,440 2,115 150 65
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Total responsesFootnote 88 33,180 31,630 1,150 155
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Single responsesFootnote 89 6,215 6,090 100 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. - Multiple responsesFootnote 90 26,965 25,540 1,050 155
Russian- Total responses 13,645 7,750 540 0
Russian - Single responses 2,585 320 70 0
Russian - Multiple responses 11,055 7,435 470 0
Welsh - Total responses 17,420 16,715 460 75
Welsh - Single responses 835 740 20 0
Welsh - Multiple responses 16,575 15,970 435 75
Norwegian - Total responses 6,770 5,995 535 60
Norwegian - Single responses 370 255 25 0
Norwegian - Multiple responses 6,405 5,745 510 45
Métis - Total responses 14,005 7,005 6,740 180
Métis - Single responses 1,690 595 1,065 35
Métis - Multiple responses 12,315 6,415 5,675 150
Portuguese - Total responses 12,320 4,305 1,900 55
Portuguese - Single responses 6,335 920 475 0
Portuguese - Multiple responses 5,980 3,385 1,425 50
American - Total responses 14,270 11,670 2,325 55
American - Single responses 1,000 790 185 0
American - Multiple responses 13,270 10,880 2,140 60
Spanish - Total responses 14,215 4,810 2,590 75
Spanish - Single responses 2,450 325 280 0
Spanish - Multiple responses 11,765 4,480 2,315 70
Swedish - Total responses 6,515 5,650 425 30
Swedish - Single responses 440 230 25 0
Swedish - Multiple responses 6,075 5,420 400 30
Hungarian - Total responses 8,135 5,190 530 55
Hungarian - Single responses 1,890 600 35 0
Hungarian - Multiple responses 6,250 4,590 495 55
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overFootnote 91 1,005,005 497,520 317,080 4,745
Without income 45,830 21,495 12,830 265
With income 959,175 476,020 304,250 4,485
Under $5,000Footnote 92 85,685 43,140 21,055 640
$5,000 to $9,999 62,690 30,315 18,825 415
$10,000 to $14,999 75,285 35,630 23,720 450
$15,000 to $19,999 70,055 30,430 22,925 295
$20,000 to $29,999 103,210 46,430 33,325 545
$30,000 to $39,999 96,400 44,935 33,675 445
$40,000 to $49,999 94,375 45,950 33,685 415
$50,000 to $59,999 89,265 43,625 33,315 310
$60,000 to $79,999 121,835 62,845 41,045 575
$80,000 to $99,999 77,245 42,910 22,435 185
$100,000 and over 83,135 49,800 20,250 200
$100,000 to $124,999 43,150 24,835 11,230 125
$125,000 and over 39,990 24,965 9,020 80
Median income $Footnote 93 38,543 41,376 39,564 27,471
Average income $Footnote 94 47,727 51,317 45,925 36,126
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overFootnote 95 1,005,005 497,520 317,080 4,750
Without after-tax income 45,990 21,585 12,900 270
With after-tax income 959,015 475,935 304,180 4,475
Under $5,000Footnote 96 88,535 44,670 21,985 640
$5,000 to $9,999 64,560 31,295 19,520 425
$10,000 to $14,999 76,765 36,490 24,010 450
$15,000 to $19,999 75,985 33,235 25,070 340
$20,000 to $29,999 124,025 55,125 42,000 680
$30,000 to $39,999 124,280 58,610 44,600 515
$40,000 to $49,999 121,980 58,705 45,615 505
$50,000 to $59,999 89,475 45,375 30,905 415
$60,000 to $79,999 117,160 65,260 33,540 340
$80,000 to $99,999 43,315 25,965 10,195 110
$100,000 and over 32,940 21,200 6,735 60
Median after-tax income $Footnote 97 34,062 36,447 34,376 25,341
Average after-tax income $Footnote 98 39,111 41,826 37,568 30,464
Total population aged 15 years and over by employment income statistics in 2010Footnote 99 1,005,005 497,515 317,080 4,745
With employment income 727,835 371,825 229,270 3,185
Median employment income $Footnote 100 40,135 41,103 41,774 27,985
Average employment income $Footnote 101 48,218 50,451 46,539 36,655
With wages and salaries 681,495 348,370 216,340 3,030
Median wages and salaries $Footnote 102 41,652 42,471 43,076 29,933
Average wages and salaries $Footnote 103 48,492 50,494 46,881 37,120
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010 700,690 354,870 219,215 3,095
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 104 405,270 208,165 129,090 1,590
All othersFootnote 105 295,415 146,705 90,120 1,505

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 2

Language groups are defined as follows: 'English' includes respondents who reported English only or English and one non-official language; 'French' includes respondents who reported French only or French and one non-official language; 'English and French' includes respondents who reported English and French, with or without one non-official language.

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'Total' category includes all groups mentioned as well as respondents who reported a non-official language as their only mother tongue.

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Footnote 3

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 4

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 5

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 6

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal languages spoken most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 7

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal most often spoken at home (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 National Household Survey.

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Footnote 8

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the National Household Survey that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 9

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the NHS. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 10

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 11

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 12

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 13

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 14

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 15

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 16

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 17

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 18

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 19

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 20

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 21

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 24

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 25

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 26

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 27

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 28

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011.

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada.

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 29

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 30

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 31

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 32

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 33

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 34

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 35

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 36

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 37

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 38

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 39

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 40

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 41

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 42

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 43

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 44

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 45

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 46

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 47

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 48

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 49

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 50

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 51

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 52

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 53

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 54

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 55

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 56

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 57

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 58

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 59

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 60

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 61

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 62

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 63

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 64

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 65

Refers to the other language used regularly at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 66

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 67

'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 68

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas', 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 69

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 70

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 71

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 72

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 73

'Earned doctorate.' This category refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 74

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.

For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.

For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 75

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 76

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 77

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution from which the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas, college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.

For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 78

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 79

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 80

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 81

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 82

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 83

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 84

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 85

The category 'Total population in private households by selected ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' indicates the number of respondents who reported a specific ethnic origin, either as their only ethnic origin or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The sum of all total responses for all ethnic origins is greater than the total population estimate due to the reporting of multiple origins.

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Footnote 86

A single ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only.

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Footnote 87

A multiple ethnic origin response occurs when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins.

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Footnote 88

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 89

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 90

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 91

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 92

Including loss.

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Footnote 93

For population with income.

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Footnote 94

For population with income.

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Footnote 95

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years).

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative).

Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 96

Including loss.

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Footnote 97

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 98

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 99

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) with income in that group.

Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings.

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Footnote 100

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 101

For population with employment income.

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Footnote 102

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 103

For population with wages and salaries.

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Footnote 104

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time (30 hours or more per week).

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Footnote 105

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, persons who worked in 2011 only and persons who worked mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week) or in 48 weeks or less in 2010.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011047.

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