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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Religion (19), Age Groups (10), Sex (3), Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force and Educational Characteristics (268) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details religion , age groups , sex , selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics for the population in private households in Ottawa - Gatineau
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 22.3 %
Selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics (268) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Total population aged 15 years and over in private households by marital statusFootnote 3 1,005,005 485,965 519,040
Married or living with a common-law partner 577,720 288,550 289,170
Married (and not separated) 459,360 229,280 230,085
Living common law 118,355 59,270 59,085
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 427,290 197,420 229,870
Single (never legally married) 298,965 155,920 143,050
Separated 25,515 10,455 15,065
Divorced 61,465 22,845 38,615
Widowed 41,345 8,205 33,135
Total - Census family statusFootnote 4 1,215,735 592,545 623,190
Married spouses 451,360 225,705 225,660
Common-law partners 118,355 59,270 59,085
Lone parents 55,875 12,150 43,725
Children in census families 371,480 193,705 177,775
Persons not in census familiesFootnote 5 218,660 101,715 116,945
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoFootnote 6 1,201,600 585,585 616,020
Non-movers 1,038,210 504,930 533,275
Movers 163,395 80,650 82,740
Non-migrants 113,325 56,130 57,190
Migrants 50,070 24,520 25,545
Internal migrants 37,850 18,665 19,190
Intraprovincial migrants 23,850 11,865 11,985
Interprovincial migrants 14,000 6,795 7,205
External migrants 12,215 5,860 6,360
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoFootnote 7 1,144,745 557,025 587,720
Non-movers 666,720 323,530 343,195
Movers 478,025 233,500 244,520
Non-migrants 302,515 148,610 153,900
Migrants 175,510 84,890 90,625
Internal migrants 130,070 63,245 66,825
Intraprovincial migrants 79,620 38,620 41,000
Interprovincial migrants 50,450 24,630 25,825
External migrants 45,440 21,640 23,795
Total population by mother tongueFootnote 8 1,215,735 592,550 623,190
English 599,875 298,035 301,840
French 376,915 180,990 195,930
Non-official language 213,075 101,405 111,665
English and French 6,535 3,185 3,350
English and non-official language 13,675 6,230 7,445
French and non-official language 4,930 2,330 2,600
English, French and non-official language 730 375 355
Total population by language spoken most often at homeFootnote 9 1,215,735 592,550 623,185
English 715,095 353,125 361,970
French 347,985 166,980 181,005
Non-official language 111,595 52,985 58,610
English and French 7,915 3,895 4,015
English and non-official language 26,510 12,630 13,885
French and non-official language 5,510 2,425 3,085
English, French and non-official language 1,120 505 615
Total population by knowledge of official languagesFootnote 10 1,215,735 592,545 623,185
English only 555,310 281,030 274,285
French only 103,765 45,420 58,345
English and French 543,375 260,815 282,555
Neither English nor French 13,285 5,285 7,995
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workFootnote 11 741,945 375,775 366,170
English 550,760 285,860 264,900
French 147,300 68,770 78,525
Non-official language 3,935 1,815 2,120
Aboriginal 55 0 45
Non-Aboriginal 3,880 1,800 2,075
English and French 36,910 17,880 19,040
English and non-official language 2,255 1,095 1,160
French and non-official language 145 70 75
English, French and non-official language 645 290 350
Total population by citizenshipFootnote 12 1,215,735 592,545 623,185
Canadian citizens 1,152,870 563,550 589,320
Canadian citizens only 1,104,175 540,065 564,115
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 48,690 23,495 25,200
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 13 62,860 28,995 33,865
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 14 1,215,735 592,550 623,185
Non-immigrantsFootnote 15 967,845 475,570 492,275
ImmigrantsFootnote 16 235,335 110,820 124,515
Before 1971 38,280 18,660 19,620
1971 to 1980 26,925 13,205 13,720
1981 to 1990 35,930 17,200 18,725
1991 to 2000 60,560 28,195 32,365
2001 to 2011Footnote 17 73,640 33,560 40,085
2001 to 2005 33,220 14,750 18,470
2006 to 2011Footnote 18 40,425 18,810 21,615
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 19 12,550 6,155 6,395
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationFootnote 20 235,335 110,815 124,515
Under 5 years 26,865 12,775 14,085
5 to 14 years 42,375 21,590 20,785
15 to 24 years 51,120 23,080 28,040
25 to 44 years 96,790 45,240 51,555
45 years and over 18,185 8,140 10,050
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthFootnote 21 1,215,735 592,545 623,190
Non-immigrantsFootnote 22 967,845 475,570 492,270
Born in province of residence 722,830 356,905 365,925
Born outside province of residence 245,015 118,670 126,350
ImmigrantsFootnote 23 235,335 110,820 124,520
Americas 38,985 16,895 22,085
United States 9,910 4,425 5,485
Jamaica 3,030 1,265 1,765
Guyana 1,200 560 640
Haiti 7,695 2,985 4,715
Mexico 1,920 825 1,095
Trinidad and Tobago 1,325 495 830
Colombia 2,660 1,185 1,470
El Salvador 2,240 1,100 1,150
Peru 1,065 425 640
Chile 625 325 300
Other places of birth in Americas 7,315 3,305 4,010
Europe 67,700 32,585 35,110
United KingdomFootnote 24 18,835 9,305 9,530
Italy 5,765 2,910 2,860
Germany 4,865 2,115 2,750
Poland 4,450 1,995 2,450
Portugal 3,680 1,880 1,795
Netherlands 2,335 1,185 1,155
France 4,145 2,040 2,100
Romania 3,070 1,410 1,655
Russian Federation 3,090 1,330 1,760
Greece 1,105 620 490
Ukraine 1,690 700 990
Croatia 1,175 630 545
Hungary 985 490 500
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,205 1,040 1,170
Serbia 975 490 485
Ireland, Republic of 805 400 410
Other places of birth in Europe 8,510 4,040 4,470
Africa 33,395 15,795 17,600
Morocco 2,485 1,190 1,295
Algeria 1,930 1,065 860
Egypt 3,005 1,570 1,435
South Africa, Republic of 725 340 385
Nigeria 1,210 570 640
Ethiopia 1,855 820 1,030
Kenya 1,125 535 585
Other places of birth in Africa 21,060 9,700 11,355
Asia 94,360 45,060 49,300
India 9,280 4,700 4,585
ChinaFootnote 25 17,570 7,660 9,910
Philippines 7,730 2,820 4,905
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 3,085 1,575 1,510
Viet NamFootnote 26 6,585 3,110 3,475
Pakistan 3,745 1,870 1,875
Sri Lanka 2,910 1,465 1,450
IranFootnote 27 4,545 2,335 2,215
Korea, SouthFootnote 28 1,630 825 805
Lebanon 12,120 6,355 5,770
Taiwan 755 270 485
Iraq 3,170 1,680 1,490
Bangladesh 2,565 1,365 1,195
Afghanistan 1,700 945 755
Japan 630 150 480
Turkey 1,375 685 685
Other places of birth in Asia 14,970 7,250 7,720
Oceania and otherFootnote 29 900 485 420
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 30 885 475 410
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 31 12,555 6,155 6,400
Total population in private households by generation statusFootnote 32 1,215,735 592,545 623,190
First generationFootnote 33 254,880 120,520 134,365
Second generationFootnote 34 202,260 101,185 101,075
Third generation or moreFootnote 35 758,595 370,840 387,750
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,215,735 592,550 623,185
Total visible minority populationFootnote 36 234,015 112,635 121,375
South AsianFootnote 37 34,790 17,580 17,210
Chinese 37,135 17,385 19,750
Black 60,660 27,950 32,715
Filipino 10,970 4,240 6,735
Latin American 14,270 6,830 7,435
Arab 38,960 20,500 18,460
Southeast AsianFootnote 38 15,025 7,210 7,820
West AsianFootnote 39 8,195 4,255 3,945
Korean 2,475 1,225 1,250
Japanese 2,350 1,080 1,275
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 40 2,475 1,165 1,310
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 41 6,700 3,225 3,475
Not a visible minorityFootnote 42 981,720 479,910 501,815
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,215,735 592,545 623,185
Aboriginal identityFootnote 43 30,570 14,590 15,980
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityFootnote 44 16,250 7,650 8,595
Métis single identity 12,265 6,090 6,175
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 860 310 550
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesFootnote 45 310 145 165
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereFootnote 46 890 395 500
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,185,165 577,955 607,205
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusFootnote 47 1,215,735 592,550 623,185
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 48 7,920 3,675 4,245
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,207,820 588,870 618,945
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 49 1,215,735 592,545 623,190
Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 50 62,060 29,400 32,655
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryFootnote 51 48,035 22,645 25,390
Métis ancestry 14,005 6,755 7,250
Inuit ancestry 1,445 605 845
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyFootnote 52 1,153,680 563,145 590,535
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusFootnote 53 1,005,010 485,965 519,040
In the labour force 700,685 356,790 343,900
Employed 654,515 332,130 322,385
Unemployed 46,170 24,655 21,510
Not in the labour force 304,320 129,180 175,140
Participation rate 69.7 73.4 66.3
Employment rate 65.1 68.3 62.1
Unemployment rate 6.6 6.9 6.3
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerFootnote 54 700,685 356,785 343,900
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 55 13,680 6,980 6,700
All classes of workerFootnote 56 687,005 349,805 337,205
Employee 624,270 310,815 313,455
Self-employedFootnote 57 62,740 38,995 23,750
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011Footnote 58 700,690 356,790 343,900
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 59 13,680 6,980 6,700
All occupationsFootnote 60 687,010 349,805 337,200
0 Management occupations 81,625 48,915 32,715
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 140,075 44,900 95,170
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 77,355 58,270 19,080
3 Health occupations 40,020 9,160 30,860
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 105,405 39,025 66,375
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 24,640 10,700 13,940
6 Sales and service occupations 144,470 71,765 72,705
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 59,490 56,270 3,215
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,660 4,650 1,010
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,280 6,145 2,130
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007Footnote 61 700,690 356,790 343,900
Industry - not applicableFootnote 62 13,680 6,980 6,700
All industriesFootnote 63 687,005 349,810 337,200
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,395 2,330 1,065
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 680 510 165
22 Utilities 2,605 2,055 550
23 Construction 36,555 32,400 4,160
31-33 Manufacturing 24,135 17,835 6,295
41 Wholesale trade 16,705 12,480 4,225
44-45 Retail trade 69,140 34,340 34,800
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 20,295 15,290 5,005
51 Information and cultural industries 17,460 10,325 7,140
52 Finance and insurance 21,690 9,210 12,485
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 11,005 6,540 4,465
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 58,625 35,530 23,095
55 Management of companies and enterprises 335 215 125
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 27,075 16,990 10,085
61 Educational services 52,480 17,900 34,575
62 Health care and social assistance 71,490 14,675 56,815
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 13,820 7,410 6,415
72 Accommodation and food services 41,220 20,585 20,630
81 Other services (except public administration) 30,700 12,395 18,300
91 Public administration 167,600 80,795 86,810
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 64 692,050 335,310 356,740
No certificate, diploma or degree 59,090 32,270 26,820
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 65 134,820 63,995 70,820
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 66 498,145 239,045 259,100
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 67 55,225 32,360 22,865
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 149,050 68,685 80,370
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 68 29,585 12,940 16,645
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 264,285 125,065 139,220
Bachelor's degree 155,700 70,670 85,035
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelFootnote 69 108,585 54,395 54,190
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011Footnote 70 1,005,010 485,970 519,040
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 71 385,640 185,715 199,925
Education 40,385 9,900 30,480
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 20,915 9,750 11,165
Humanities 43,700 17,355 26,350
Social and behavioural sciences and law 97,570 38,705 58,860
Business, management and public administration 130,375 52,190 78,180
Physical and life sciences and technologies 30,135 16,025 14,110
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 41,425 26,995 14,430
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 103,825 92,415 11,410
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 9,140 5,310 3,830
Health and related fieldsFootnote 72 72,005 14,940 57,070
Personal, protective and transportation services 29,805 16,650 13,160
Other fields of studyFootnote 73 90 20 70
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceFootnote 74 1,005,005 485,965 519,040
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 385,640 185,715 199,925
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 619,370 300,255 319,110
Location of study inside Canada 535,450 258,450 277,000
Same as province or territory of residence 413,220 197,990 215,230
Another province or territory 122,230 60,460 61,770
Location of study outside Canada 83,920 41,805 42,115

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

Marital status
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.

Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.

Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 4

Classification of persons according to whether or not they are members of a census family and the status they have in the census family (a census family is composed of a married couple or two persons living common law, with or without children, or of a lone parent living with at least one child in the same dwelling). A person can be a married spouse, a common-law partner, a lone parent, a child or a person not in a census family.

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Footnote 5

Persons not in census families may live with relatives (without forming a census family with them), they may live with non-relatives only or they may live alone.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 7

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 8

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 9

Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual on May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 10

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.

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Footnote 11

Population by language used most often at work.

Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 12

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 13

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 14

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 15

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 16

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 17

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 18

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 21

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 22

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 23

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 24

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 25

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 26

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 27

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 28

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 29

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 30

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 31

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 32

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 33

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 34

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 35

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 36

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 37

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 38

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 39

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 40

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 41

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 42

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 43

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 44

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 45

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 46

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 47

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 48

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.
'Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 49

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the NHS.

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Footnote 50

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.'

Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 51

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 52

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 53

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011.

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In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 54

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 55

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 56

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 57

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 58

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011.

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Footnote 59

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 60

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 61

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 62

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 63

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 64

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 65

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 66

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 67

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 68

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 69

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 70

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.



For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.



For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 73

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 74

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.



Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees.



For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-010-X2011037.

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