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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Tabulation: Labour Force Status (8), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Aboriginal Identity (8), Age Groups (13B) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details labour force status , highest certificate, diploma or degree , aboriginal identity , age groups and sex for the population aged 15 years and over, in private households in British Columbia / Colombie-BritanniqueFootnote 1
Global non-response rate (GNR)Footnote 2 = 26.1 %
Highest certificate, diploma or degree (15) Labour force status (8)
Total - Labour force statusFootnote 3 In the labour force Employed Unemployed Not in the labour force Participation rate Employment rate Unemployment rate
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 4 3,646,840 2,354,245 2,171,470 182,775 1,292,595 64.6 59.5 7.8
No certificate, diploma or degree 607,660 232,855 198,235 34,620 374,805 38.3 32.6 14.9
High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 5 1,009,395 646,485 587,605 58,875 362,915 64.0 58.2 9.1
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 6 2,029,785 1,474,905 1,385,630 89,275 554,875 72.7 68.3 6.1
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 7 387,455 262,750 242,825 19,925 124,700 67.8 62.7 7.6
Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)Footnote 8 194,475 129,960 119,485 10,475 64,510 66.8 61.4 8.1
Registered Apprenticeship certificateFootnote 9 192,980 132,790 123,340 9,450 60,190 68.8 63.9 7.1
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 628,120 453,480 426,130 27,350 174,640 72.2 67.8 6.0
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 10 208,245 146,525 137,075 9,450 61,720 70.4 65.8 6.4
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 805,965 612,150 579,600 32,550 193,820 76.0 71.9 5.3
Bachelor's degree 511,240 391,420 369,430 21,985 119,825 76.6 72.3 5.6
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 80,405 59,250 56,295 2,950 21,160 73.7 70.0 5.0
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 23,750 18,290 17,725 565 5,460 77.0 74.6 3.1
Master's degree 159,010 120,240 113,975 6,260 38,765 75.6 71.7 5.2
Earned doctorateFootnote 11 31,560 22,950 22,165 790 8,610 72.7 70.2 3.4

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not applicable

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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.

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Footnote 3

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 4

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.


For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 5

'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 6

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas', 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 7

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 8

'Trades certificate or diploma (other than apprenticeship)' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 9

'Registered Apprenticeship certificate' includes Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation.

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Footnote 10

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

For any other comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 11

'Earned doctorate.' This category refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011039.

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