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2011 National Household Survey: Data tables
Tabulation: Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (7), Age Groups (8B), Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011 (14), Labour Force Status (8), Attendance at School (3) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2011 National Household Survey
|Highest certificate, diploma or degree (7)||Labour force status (8)|
|Total - Labour force statusFootnote 5||In the labour force||Employed||Unemployed||Not in the labour force||Participation rate||Employment rate||Unemployment rate|
|Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 6||3,646,840||2,354,245||2,171,470||182,775||1,292,595||64.6||59.5||7.8|
|No certificate, diploma or degree||607,655||232,850||198,235||34,620||374,805||38.3||32.6||14.9|
|High school diploma or equivalentFootnote 7||1,009,400||646,485||587,605||58,880||362,915||64.0||58.2||9.1|
|Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 8||387,455||262,755||242,825||19,925||124,700||67.8||62.7||7.6|
|College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma||628,120||453,480||426,130||27,350||174,640||72.2||67.8||6.0|
|University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 9||208,245||146,525||137,080||9,450||61,720||70.4||65.8||6.4|
|University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above||805,965||612,150||579,595||32,550||193,815||76.0||71.9||5.3|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant.
For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.
We recommend that users not make comparisons between categories of the CIP Canada 2011 and the CIP Canada 2000 classification systems on the basis of their labels. Even though many entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison could be inappropriate, given the numerous changes made at the detailed level to update the classification.
For comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.
- Footnote 2
Refers to attendance at a school, college, CEGEP or university at any time during the nine-month period between September 2010 and May 10, 2011. Attendance at school is reported only for course work that could be used as credit towards a certificate, diploma or degree.
Note: Data quality - Attendance at school
It is believed that a small proportion of respondents interpreted the National Household Survey (NHS) question as 'Has this person ever attended a school, college, CEGEP or university?,' rather than the actual question 'At any time since September 2010, has this person attended a school, college, CEGEP or university?' As a result, the 2011 NHS could have overestimated categories with small proportions of school attendance, such as older age groups. We recommend that the data on school attendance be used with caution.
For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.
- Footnote 3
Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
- Footnote 4
For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.
- Footnote 5
In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.
- Footnote 6
'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.
For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.
- Footnote 7
'High school diploma or equivalent' refers to graduation from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.
- Footnote 8
'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.
- Footnote 9
Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below bachelor level' was over-reported in the National Household Survey (NHS). This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011055.