Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.
2011 National Household Survey: Data tables
Tabulation: Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011 (82), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Labour Force Status (8), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (10B), Age Groups (8B) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey
|Immigrant status and period of immigration (11)||Labour force status (8)|
|Total - Labour force statusFootnote 5||In the labour force||Employed||Unemployed||Not in the labour force||Participation rate||Employment rate||Unemployment rate|
|Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration||6,474,590||4,183,445||3,880,420||303,025||2,291,145||64.6||59.9||7.2|
|1971 to 1980||115,645||69,420||64,430||4,985||46,225||60.0||55.7||7.2|
|1981 to 1990||130,680||93,440||85,220||8,225||37,240||71.5||65.2||8.8|
|1991 to 2000||191,050||136,540||122,780||13,765||54,505||71.5||64.3||10.1|
|2001 to 2011Footnote 8||313,795||217,610||184,655||32,955||96,185||69.3||58.8||15.1|
|2001 to 2005||134,755||100,135||88,930||11,205||34,620||74.3||66.0||11.2|
|2006 to 2011||179,040||117,475||95,725||21,750||61,560||65.6||53.5||18.5|
|Non-permanent residentsFootnote 9||59,860||36,240||30,630||5,610||23,615||60.5||51.2||15.5|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the hierarchy of the 'primary groupings' (a CIP variant) with detail on the 2-digit 'series', as well as the 4-digit 'sub-series' from series '30. Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies.'
For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm.
We recommend that users not make comparisons between categories of the CIP Canada 2011 and the CIP Canada 2000 classification systems on the basis of their labels. Even though many entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison could be inappropriate, given the numerous changes made at the detailed level to update the classification.
For comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.
- Footnote 2
'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.
For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.
- Footnote 3
Excludes National Household Survey data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
- Footnote 4
For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS) estimates, the global non-response rate (GNR) is used as an indicator of data quality. This indicator combines complete non-response (household) and partial non-response (question) into a single rate. The value of the GNR is presented to users. A smaller GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and as a result, lower risk of inaccuracy. The threshold used for estimates' suppression is a GNR of 50% or more. For more information, please refer to the National Household Survey User Guide, 2011.
- Footnote 5
In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.
- Footnote 6
Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.
- Footnote 7
Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.
- Footnote 8
Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.
- Footnote 9
Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011048.