Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

NHS Profile, York, RM, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, York, RM, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York, RM
Ontario
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,024,225 501,595 522,635
Canadian citizens 942,695 464,505 478,195
Canadian citizens aged under 18 226,990 117,225 109,770
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 715,705 347,275 368,425
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 81,530 37,095 44,435
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,024,225 501,595 522,635
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 551,425 276,950 274,480
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 463,125 220,800 242,320
Before 1971 72,360 35,300 37,055
1971 to 1980 57,570 27,825 29,750
1981 to 1990 78,185 37,625 40,565
1991 to 2000 140,810 66,810 74,000
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 114,190 53,240 60,955
2001 to 2005 66,465 31,405 35,060
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 47,725 21,830 25,895
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 9,680 3,845 5,835
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 463,125 220,800 242,325
Under 5 years 41,930 20,690 21,235
5 to 14 years 79,495 40,500 38,995
15 to 24 years 104,930 47,595 57,340
25 to 44 years 188,445 90,030 98,420
45 years and over 48,320 21,990 26,330
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,024,225 501,595 522,635
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 551,425 276,950 274,480
Born in province of residence 511,675 257,365 254,300
Born outside province of residence 39,755 19,580 20,170
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 463,120 220,800 242,325
Americas 41,415 18,450 22,965
United States 7,635 3,385 4,250
Jamaica 8,385 3,660 4,730
Guyana 7,260 3,295 3,970
Haiti 130 30 100
Mexico 795 335 455
Trinidad and Tobago 3,710 1,790 1,920
Colombia 1,740 765 975
El Salvador 900 410 490
Peru 1,245 550 700
Chile 575 270 305
Other places of birth in Americas 9,035 3,965 5,075
Europe 126,200 61,085 65,110
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 17,550 8,355 9,195
Italy 38,100 19,080 19,020
Germany 4,185 1,770 2,410
Poland 4,045 1,855 2,190
Portugal 4,695 2,315 2,380
Netherlands 1,780 905 875
France 1,020 500 520
Romania 6,055 2,830 3,225
Russian Federation 13,315 6,325 6,995
Greece 5,400 2,715 2,685
Ukraine 9,530 4,325 5,205
Croatia 1,040 465 575
Hungary 1,910 840 1,070
Bosnia and Herzegovina 845 495 345
Serbia 1,200 545 650
Ireland, Republic of 1,190 710 485
Other places of birth in Europe 14,335 7,050 7,285
Africa 20,975 10,330 10,645
Morocco 1,010 470 535
Algeria 125 75 50
Egypt 3,265 1,710 1,550
South Africa, Republic of 4,455 2,165 2,295
Nigeria 1,410 730 680
Ethiopia 370 195 175
Kenya 2,445 1,065 1,385
Other places of birth in Africa 7,895 3,920 3,975
Asia 273,500 130,395 143,105
India 26,670 13,020 13,650
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 64,620 30,205 34,415
Philippines 17,255 7,020 10,240
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 47,725 22,630 25,095
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 11,155 5,170 5,985
Pakistan 11,095 5,570 5,520
Sri Lanka 19,900 10,015 9,885
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 24,570 12,095 12,475
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 10,225 4,920 5,305
Lebanon 1,850 930 920
Taiwan 3,970 1,675 2,290
Iraq 4,480 2,200 2,280
Bangladesh 800 400 395
Afghanistan 2,845 1,505 1,340
Japan 860 325 535
Turkey 1,770 890 885
Other places of birth in Asia 23,705 11,830 11,880
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 1,035 540 495
Fiji 320 180 135
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 715 360 360
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 9,680 3,845 5,830
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 47,725 21,830 25,895
Americas 3,710 1,695 2,020
United States 1,375 690 680
Mexico 155 55 100
Cuba 130 60 75
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 350 160 190
Brazil 145 55 100
Colombia 335 150 185
Guyana 160 75 85
Peru 115 50 70
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 80 25 45
Other places of birth in Americas 860 380 480
Europe 6,780 3,170 3,610
France 115 55 55
Germany 235 90 145
Poland 50 20 30
Romania 565 295 270
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 310 140 165
Russian Federation 2,115 1,030 1,090
Ukraine 1,050 415 645
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 660 305 355
Other places of birth in Europe 1,670 815 855
Africa 2,020 975 1,045
Nigeria 400 200 200
Ethiopia 45 25 25
Mauritius 100 50 50
Somalia 25 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 525 260 270
Morocco 35 25 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 35 25 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 210 110 100
Other places of birth in Africa 625 285 345
Asia 35,170 15,960 19,210
Philippines 2,970 1,035 1,930
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 12,305 5,610 6,695
India 2,985 1,405 1,580
Pakistan 1,555 685 875
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 4,475 2,045 2,440
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,810 835 970
Sri Lanka 2,095 1,035 1,065
Iraq 965 475 490
Bangladesh 145 70 75
Lebanon 130 80 50
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 405 135 265
Taiwan 460 220 240
Afghanistan 390 205 185
Japan 180 60 120
Turkey 170 85 85
Israel 1,180 620 555
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 990 415 575
United Arab Emirates 245 100 145
Saudi Arabia 45 30 20
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 25 0 20
Other places of birth in Asia 1,625 800 825
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 45 35 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,024,225 501,590 522,630
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 474,835 225,720 249,115
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 300,675 151,295 149,380
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 248,715 124,585 124,135
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,024,225 501,595 522,630
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 442,840 214,610 228,230
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 107,955 54,035 53,920
Chinese 181,035 88,005 93,025
Black 25,870 12,235 13,635
Filipino 24,860 10,125 14,735
Latin American 11,450 5,485 5,960
Arab 10,530 5,285 5,245
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 15,640 7,260 8,380
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 30,450 15,315 15,135
Korean 13,690 6,675 7,020
Japanese 3,125 1,560 1,565
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 5,795 2,730 3,065
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 12,445 5,895 6,545
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 581,380 286,980 294,400
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,024,225 501,595 522,630
North American Aboriginal origins 8,735 4,060 4,675
First Nations (North American Indian) 7,030 3,230 3,800
Inuit 160 75 90
Métis 1,715 830 885
Other North American origins 135,445 67,475 67,970
Acadian 465 180 285
American 7,435 3,410 4,025
Canadian 129,870 64,955 64,920
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 395 205 195
Nova Scotian 40 15 0
Ontarian 100 30 70
Québécois 190 90 105
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 105 60 50
European origins 545,890 268,095 277,795
British Isles origins 211,495 104,030 107,460
Channel Islander 40 25 15
Cornish 15 0 15
English 128,950 63,265 65,690
Irish 81,215 39,330 41,890
Manx 135 50 85
Scottish 85,205 41,505 43,705
Welsh 8,960 4,460 4,505
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 15,980 7,940 8,040
French origins 37,785 17,650 20,140
Alsatian 30 0 30
Breton 0 0 0
French 37,765 17,645 20,120
Western European origins (except French origins) 66,285 32,430 33,850
Austrian 4,880 2,405 2,475
Belgian 1,440 715 730
Dutch 19,020 9,655 9,360
Flemish 115 50 70
Frisian 30 25 0
German 43,915 21,010 22,905
Luxembourger 95 75 20
Swiss 2,730 1,340 1,390
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 50 15 35
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 10,510 4,910 5,600
Danish 2,540 1,205 1,335
Finnish 3,000 1,395 1,600
Icelandic 395 170 230
Norwegian 2,295 1,025 1,270
Swedish 2,650 1,215 1,435
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 355 170 180
Eastern European origins 103,330 49,630 53,705
Bulgarian 1,785 825 960
Byelorussian 2,065 955 1,105
Czech 2,055 1,050 1,005
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 890 405 485
Estonian 1,090 570 520
Hungarian 9,545 4,490 5,055
Latvian 1,470 745 725
Lithuanian 3,095 1,585 1,510
Moldovan 730 355 375
Polish 32,625 15,930 16,695
Romanian 10,495 5,070 5,430
Russian 38,740 18,405 20,335
Slovak 1,990 980 1,010
Ukrainian 21,760 10,240 11,520
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 1,165 565 600
Southern European origins 222,045 110,310 111,730
Albanian 1,925 945 975
Bosnian 525 270 255
Croatian 3,485 1,745 1,740
Cypriot 665 255 410
Greek 22,050 11,310 10,745
Italian 159,950 79,810 80,135
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 6,410 3,415 2,995
Maltese 2,795 1,260 1,535
Montenegrin 85 50 35
Portuguese 19,930 9,745 10,190
Serbian 2,895 1,500 1,400
Sicilian 230 95 135
Slovenian 1,600 835 765
Spanish 13,625 6,285 7,340
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,445 730 715
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 80 30 50
Other European origins 51,410 25,695 25,720
Basque 30 0 25
Jewish 50,280 25,130 25,155
Roma (Gypsy) 60 25 35
Slavic, n.o.s. 200 115 85
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,080 540 540
Caribbean origins 24,785 11,365 13,420
Antiguan 195 95 100
Bahamian 80 50 30
Barbadian 1,425 575 855
Bermudan 105 65 30
Carib 225 95 135
Cuban 705 330 380
Dominican 330 170 160
Grenadian 700 365 335
Haitian 310 150 165
Jamaican 14,315 6,490 7,825
Kittitian/Nevisian 80 35 50
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 55 35 20
St. Lucian 170 105 60
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 3,360 1,605 1,755
Vincentian/Grenadinian 650 275 380
West Indian, n.o.s. 3,250 1,580 1,665
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 525 195 335
Latin, Central and South American origins 20,235 9,480 10,750
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 600 250 355
Argentinian 1,230 640 595
Belizean 55 25 30
Bolivian 140 35 105
Brazilian 795 395 400
Chilean 720 330 385
Colombian 2,440 1,190 1,255
Costa Rican 105 45 60
Ecuadorian 2,365 1,175 1,190
Guatemalan 295 150 145
Guyanese 5,715 2,625 3,090
Hispanic 140 40 100
Honduran 115 45 60
Maya 125 70 50
Mexican 1,465 650 815
Nicaraguan 200 80 115
Panamanian 115 45 75
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 1,580 800 775
Salvadorean 1,195 605 590
Uruguayan 520 270 255
Venezuelan 735 250 485
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 695 380 320
African origins 22,340 11,090 11,250
Central and West African origins 3,285 1,690 1,600
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 75 0 60
Ashanti 25 15 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 110 60 50
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 185 115 70
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 940 485 455
Guinean 25 0 15
Ibo 95 60 30
Ivorian 15 10 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 1,475 745 730
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 35 20 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 140 75 70
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 200 110 95
North African origins 7,510 3,810 3,700
Algerian 175 80 95
Berber 40 35 0
Coptic 570 305 265
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 4,630 2,390 2,245
Libyan 70 35 35
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 2,160 1,060 1,100
Sudanese 210 110 105
Tunisian 210 75 135
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 40 30 0
Southern and East African origins 6,220 3,020 3,200
Afrikaner 60 30 20
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 105 60 45
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 165 85 80
Ethiopian 500 255 245
Harari 100 80 0
Kenyan 470 200 265
Malagasy 10 0 0
Mauritian 360 120 240
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 30 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 670 275 395
South African 2,465 1,250 1,210
Tanzanian 275 130 145
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 220 125 100
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 325 155 165
Zulu 25 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 675 330 345
Other African origins 5,875 2,875 2,995
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 880 385 495
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 5,035 2,495 2,540
Asian origins 415,715 201,830 213,885
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 61,930 30,920 31,010
Afghan 4,550 2,300 2,250
Arab, n.o.s. 2,730 1,355 1,370
Armenian 4,950 2,545 2,405
Assyrian 1,520 790 725
Azerbaijani 520 285 240
Georgian 260 145 115
Iranian 30,920 15,505 15,415
Iraqi 4,015 1,995 2,020
Israeli 3,215 1,505 1,710
Jordanian 660 310 355
Kazakh 115 75 40
Kurd 870 445 420
Kuwaiti 45 0 25
Lebanese 3,560 1,795 1,765
Palestinian 1,325 735 590
Pashtun 135 70 65
Saudi Arabian 45 35 15
Syrian 920 365 555
Tajik 290 140 145
Tatar 535 265 270
Turk 3,070 1,550 1,520
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 235 100 135
Yemeni 255 140 110
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,435 660 765
South Asian origins 110,555 55,350 55,205
Bangladeshi 610 330 280
Bengali 305 160 150
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 69,395 34,565 34,835
Goan 345 150 190
Gujarati 445 185 255
Kashmiri 60 35 30
Nepali 155 75 85
Pakistani 10,700 5,365 5,335
Punjabi 2,285 1,255 1,030
Sinhalese 575 335 240
Sri Lankan 20,300 10,105 10,195
Tamil 9,320 4,760 4,560
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 4,785 2,380 2,410
East and Southeast Asian origins 246,455 117,310 129,150
Burmese 250 145 105
Cambodian (Khmer) 2,445 1,220 1,225
Chinese 191,335 92,785 98,550
Filipino 26,770 10,950 15,825
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 900 410 495
Japanese 3,950 1,935 2,010
Korean 14,465 7,065 7,400
Laotian 1,495 665 830
Malaysian 610 295 310
Mongolian 115 35 80
Singaporean 75 40 35
Taiwanese 1,765 850 920
Thai 520 210 310
Tibetan 85 60 25
Vietnamese 11,780 5,260 6,520
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 340 180 160
Other Asian origins 1,215 590 620
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 1,210 590 620
Oceania origins 950 475 475
Australian 600 315 280
New Zealander 220 80 140
Pacific Islands origins 135 75 55
Fijian 60 35 25
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 20 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 20 15 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 25 20 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,024,225 501,595 522,635
Buddhist 29,220 13,340 15,880
Christian 568,435 269,635 298,795
Anglican 36,880 17,255 19,625
Baptist 15,575 6,850 8,725
Catholic 318,285 153,580 164,700
Christian Orthodox 46,060 22,520 23,535
Lutheran 5,515 2,495 3,020
Pentecostal 11,325 5,490 5,830
Presbyterian 17,025 7,675 9,350
United Church 37,530 16,805 20,720
Other Christian 80,240 36,955 43,285
Hindu 50,505 25,445 25,060
Jewish 63,880 31,230 32,650
Muslim 62,285 30,835 31,455
Sikh 10,520 5,370 5,145
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 140 60 85
Other religions 4,820 2,385 2,430
No religious affiliation 234,425 123,300 111,125
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,024,225 501,595 522,630
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,560 2,150 2,415
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,860 1,385 1,475
Métis single identity 1,215 560 655
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 85 20 65
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 90 30 60
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 310 145 165
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,019,660 499,450 520,215
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,024,225 501,595 522,630
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,520 675 845
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,022,705 500,920 521,785
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,024,225 501,595 522,630
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 8,735 4,055 4,675
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,030 3,235 3,795
Métis ancestry 1,715 825 885
Inuit ancestry 160 70 85
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,015,495 497,540 517,955
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 555,285 265,160 290,120
Aboriginal languages 110 40 70
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 80 30 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 30 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 555,175 265,125 290,050
Italian 82,425 39,485 42,945
Portuguese 9,700 4,700 4,995
Romanian 6,960 3,270 3,690
Spanish 21,805 9,935 11,870
Dutch 2,235 1,025 1,215
Flemish 35 20 20
German 9,305 4,225 5,080
Yiddish 2,060 1,010 1,050
Danish 505 230 270
Norwegian 215 65 150
Swedish 440 195 240
Afrikaans 1,410 710 700
Gaelic languages 165 75 85
Bosnian 195 95 105
Bulgarian 1,045 530 510
Croatian 1,765 815 950
Czech 555 275 280
Macedonian 3,880 1,820 2,060
Polish 5,240 2,385 2,855
Russian 38,905 18,465 20,445
Serbian 2,110 1,120 995
Serbo-Croatian 225 110 115
Slovak 765 360 405
Slovenian 655 350 305
Ukrainian 4,635 2,055 2,580
Latvian 315 130 185
Lithuanian 510 215 290
Greek 12,400 6,050 6,345
Armenian 3,550 1,750 1,800
Albanian 1,545 780 765
Estonian 365 155 205
Finnish 700 310 395
Hungarian 3,780 1,710 2,065
Turkish 3,160 1,615 1,545
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 35 20 20
Somali 475 200 275
Amharic 345 205 140
Arabic 12,825 6,455 6,370
Hebrew 17,295 8,770 8,520
Maltese 635 320 315
Tigrigna 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,390 1,215 1,175
Bengali 1,520 775 750
Gujarati 14,250 6,710 7,540
Hindi 17,865 8,615 9,255
Konkani 430 215 215
Marathi 560 290 265
Panjabi (Punjabi) 15,525 7,855 7,675
Sindhi 1,840 870 965
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,875 1,055 820
Urdu 17,715 8,915 8,805
Nepali 100 40 60
Kurdish 770 435 340
Pashto 745 360 385
Persian (Farsi) 32,725 16,285 16,445
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 680 340 340
Kannada 165 85 80
Malayalam 1,620 860 760
Tamil 27,435 13,740 13,700
Telugu 485 255 225
Japanese 2,385 1,130 1,255
Korean 12,480 6,050 6,430
Cantonese 87,605 41,885 45,720
Fukien 655 280 380
Hakka 1,565 750 815
Mandarin 45,315 21,100 24,215
Taiwanese 1,100 490 610
Chinese, n.o.s. 47,920 23,075 24,845
Lao 1,130 550 585
Thai 515 220 290
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,845 965 885
Vietnamese 9,460 4,255 5,210
Bisayan languages 520 185 335
Ilocano 770 280 490
Malay 1,325 600 725
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 18,165 6,720 11,445
Akan (Twi) 560 250 305
Lingala 25 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 30 0 0
Swahili 1,590 825 770
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 215 125 90
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 755 375 375
African languages, n.i.e. 225 120 100
Creoles 910 425 485
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 3,825 1,885 1,945
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,014,015 496,375 517,640
Non-movers 914,640 447,660 466,980
Movers 99,375 48,715 50,665
Non-migrants 42,685 21,065 21,625
Migrants 56,690 27,650 29,040
Internal migrants 46,065 22,715 23,345
Intraprovincial migrants 44,010 21,715 22,300
Interprovincial migrants 2,050 1,000 1,055
External migrants 10,625 4,935 5,690
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 965,465 471,595 493,865
Non-movers 619,845 304,230 315,615
Movers 345,620 167,370 178,250
Non-migrants 151,580 73,690 77,890
Migrants 194,040 93,680 100,360
Internal migrants 151,340 74,625 76,715
Intraprovincial migrants 145,235 71,595 73,635
Interprovincial migrants 6,110 3,030 3,080
External migrants 42,695 19,055 23,640
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 832,050 403,245 428,800
No certificate, diploma or degree 138,520 66,490 72,030
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 205,585 96,920 108,665
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 487,945 239,835 248,105
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 47,270 31,210 16,060
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 142,545 63,225 79,320
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 47,015 21,895 25,120
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 251,110 123,505 127,610
Bachelor's degree 160,790 75,910 84,880
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 90,325 47,590 42,730
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 573,850 274,210 299,635
No certificate, diploma or degree 51,420 25,035 26,385
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 119,820 54,295 65,525
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 402,610 194,880 207,725
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 34,385 22,350 12,035
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 117,060 51,085 65,970
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 36,640 16,685 19,950
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 214,525 104,760 109,765
Bachelor's degree 135,445 63,640 71,800
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 79,080 41,120 37,965
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 832,050 403,250 428,805
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 344,110 163,415 180,695
Education 32,885 6,960 25,930
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 18,335 8,170 10,165
Humanities 29,040 10,310 18,735
Social and behavioural sciences and law 57,160 19,460 37,700
Business, management and public administration 121,525 53,925 67,600
Physical and life sciences and technologies 23,055 11,280 11,775
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 32,575 20,665 11,915
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 96,570 84,175 12,395
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 5,300 3,230 2,065
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 52,080 12,390 39,695
Personal, protective and transportation services 19,385 9,270 10,120
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 15
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 832,050 403,245 428,805
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 344,105 163,415 180,695
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 487,940 239,830 248,105
Location of study inside Canada 342,615 167,685 174,925
Same as province or territory of residence 323,510 158,425 165,090
Another province or territory 19,100 9,265 9,840
Location of study outside Canada 145,325 72,145 73,180
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 603,180 310,470 292,710
Single responses 591,650 305,105 286,545
English 567,610 293,320 274,290
French 1,600 230 1,365
Non-official languages 22,440 11,550 10,890
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,155 3,330 2,820
Cantonese 7,730 4,035 3,700
Panjabi (Punjabi) 215 95 125
Mandarin 2,410 1,280 1,130
Spanish 270 120 150
Korean 1,105 565 540
German 20 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 200 145 55
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 4,335 1,975 2,365
Multiple responses 11,530 5,365 6,165
English and French 1,650 590 1,060
English and non-official language 9,650 4,685 4,965
French and non-official language 40 15 30
English, French and non-official language 190 80 110
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 603,180 310,470 292,710
English 567,605 293,320 274,290
French 1,600 235 1,365
Non-official language 22,440 11,550 10,890
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 22,440 11,550 10,890
English and French 1,650 590 1,055
English and non-official language 9,650 4,680 4,965
French and non-official language 40 15 30
English, French and non-official language 190 75 115
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 832,050 403,250 428,805
In the labour force 569,895 295,835 274,055
Employed 528,355 275,155 253,200
Unemployed 41,540 20,680 20,855
Not in the labour force 262,155 107,410 154,745
Participation rate 68.5 73.4 63.9
Employment rate 63.5 68.2 59.0
Unemployment rate 7.3 7.0 7.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 569,895 295,840 274,055
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 13,440 6,710 6,730
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 556,450 289,125 267,325
Employee 483,150 240,075 243,075
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 73,300 49,050 24,250
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 569,895 295,835 274,060
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 13,445 6,710 6,730
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 556,450 289,130 267,325
0 Management occupations 77,495 49,725 27,770
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 110,405 34,620 75,785
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 56,020 42,400 13,625
3 Health occupations 27,110 7,105 19,995
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 61,235 18,310 42,930
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 16,520 7,500 9,020
6 Sales and service occupations 123,490 58,705 64,790
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 56,465 53,085 3,375
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,750 4,760 990
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 21,970 12,915 9,050
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 569,895 295,835 274,060
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 13,440 6,710 6,730
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 556,455 289,125 267,325
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,445 1,485 960
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 555 400 150
22 Utilities 3,610 2,450 1,160
23 Construction 37,705 31,720 5,980
31-33 Manufacturing 55,010 35,885 19,125
41 Wholesale trade 37,200 22,410 14,795
44-45 Retail trade 64,385 30,855 33,525
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 19,095 14,145 4,950
51 Information and cultural industries 18,325 9,995 8,325
52 Finance and insurance 45,335 20,865 24,470
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 14,235 7,415 6,825
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 59,090 33,100 25,995
55 Management of companies and enterprises 860 505 350
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 22,485 12,890 9,590
61 Educational services 42,380 12,670 29,710
62 Health care and social assistance 45,950 8,950 37,000
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 9,975 5,485 4,490
72 Accommodation and food services 28,240 14,065 14,175
81 Other services (except public administration) 24,690 10,785 13,905
91 Public administration 24,885 13,045 11,840
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 569,895 295,835 274,060
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 30,460 15,075 15,385
Worked in 2010 539,435 280,765 258,670
1 to 13 weeks 26,775 12,185 14,590
14 to 26 weeks 40,745 18,535 22,210
27 to 39 weeks 30,245 14,575 15,675
40 to 48 weeks 83,835 41,375 42,465
49 to 52 weeks 357,840 194,105 163,730
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.0 45.7 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 569,895 295,835 274,055
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 30,460 15,070 15,385
Worked in 2010 539,435 280,765 258,675
Worked full-time in 2010 438,780 244,730 194,045
Worked part-time in 2010 100,655 36,030 64,625
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 528,355 275,155 253,200
Worked at home 40,035 19,420 20,620
Worked outside Canada 2,930 2,050 880
No fixed workplace address 58,750 42,235 16,515
Worked at usual place 426,640 211,445 215,190
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 485,390 253,685 231,705
Car, truck or van - as a driver 381,740 211,580 170,155
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 30,295 10,430 19,865
Public transit 57,425 24,895 32,525
Walked 10,350 4,140 6,215
Bicycle 1,330 965 365
Other methods 4,245 1,675 2,575
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 485,390 253,685 231,705
Median commuting duration 30.3 30.6 30.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 485,385 253,685 231,705
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 95,935 64,465 31,475
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 298,120 144,310 153,815
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 91,325 44,910 46,415
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 323,530 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 312,710 ... ...
Major repairs needed 10,825 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 323,530 ... ...
1960 or before 22,975 ... ...
1961 to 1980 49,565 ... ...
1981 to 1990 74,940 ... ...
1991 to 2000 70,795 ... ...
2001 to 2005 57,900 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 47,355 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 323,530 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 47,195 ... ...
5 rooms 38,590 ... ...
6 rooms 46,895 ... ...
7 rooms 51,065 ... ...
8 or more rooms 139,790 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 323,530 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 18,860 ... ...
2 bedrooms 37,525 ... ...
3 bedrooms 110,670 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 156,475 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 323,530 ... ...
Owner 286,290 ... ...
Renter 37,240 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 323,530 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 38,060 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 285,465 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 323,530 ... ...
1 household maintainer 158,130 ... ...
2 household maintainers 154,355 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 11,050 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 323,530 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,730 ... ...
25 to 34 years 30,605 ... ...
35 to 44 years 73,090 ... ...
45 to 54 years 90,935 ... ...
55 to 64 years 65,755 ... ...
65 to 74 years 35,390 ... ...
75 years and over 25,020 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 323,530 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 314,450 ... ...
More than one person per room 9,080 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 323,530 ... ...
Suitable 302,470 ... ...
Not suitable 21,055 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 322,325 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 230,600 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 91,725 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 75,265 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 285,750 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 63.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 26.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,552 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,586 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 500,255 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 542,075 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 37,165 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,098 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,146 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 832,050 403,245 428,805
Without income 51,115 23,205 27,910
With income 780,935 380,040 400,895
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 98,740 48,600 50,140
$5,000 to $9,999 57,095 21,370 35,730
$10,000 to $14,999 65,555 24,935 40,615
$15,000 to $19,999 65,075 26,125 38,950
$20,000 to $29,999 92,285 40,145 52,140
$30,000 to $39,999 77,430 35,445 41,985
$40,000 to $49,999 68,480 31,250 37,230
$50,000 to $59,999 56,455 28,445 28,015
$60,000 to $79,999 81,260 45,835 35,420
$80,000 to $99,999 53,550 30,900 22,650
$100,000 and over 65,005 46,985 18,020
$100,000 to $124,999 29,045 20,060 8,990
$125,000 and over 35,960 26,925 9,035
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,341 37,982 26,151
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 45,883 55,516 36,750
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 832,050 403,250 428,805
Without after-tax income 51,330 23,210 28,120
With after-tax income 780,720 380,035 400,685
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 100,075 49,130 50,945
$5,000 to $9,999 57,935 21,540 36,390
$10,000 to $14,999 66,890 25,620 41,270
$15,000 to $19,999 70,270 28,150 42,120
$20,000 to $29,999 105,905 46,800 59,100
$30,000 to $39,999 94,175 42,735 51,445
$40,000 to $49,999 81,525 40,755 40,770
$50,000 to $59,999 59,075 32,325 26,745
$60,000 to $79,999 82,265 47,925 34,340
$80,000 to $99,999 30,930 21,115 9,820
$100,000 and over 31,675 23,935 7,740
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,867 34,347 24,505
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 37,646 44,305 31,330
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 80.5 83.3 76.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 75.4 77.3 72.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.1 6.0 3.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.8 4.5 5.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.9 4.0 3.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.6 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.1 6.5 12.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.2 1.9 2.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.1 1.5 3.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 0.8 1.9
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.2 2.2 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.0 20.2 14.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.0 79.8 85.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.7 1.9 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 317,880 179,285 138,595
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 54,349 60,091 48,681
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 67,826 77,051 55,893
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 278,600 ... ...
Median family income ($) 97,374 ... ...
Average family income ($) 118,841 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,046 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 97,405 ... ...
Average family size 3.5 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 64,730 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,063 ... ...
Average family income ($) 100,777 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,722 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 82,254 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 173,295 ... ...
Median family income ($) 112,971 ... ...
Average family income ($) 135,115 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 96,693 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 110,078 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 31,330 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,222 ... ...
Average family income ($) 70,787 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,362 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,290 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 61,295 26,180 35,115
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,645 38,333 29,125
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,417 51,285 39,297
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,913 33,765 27,394
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,773 41,171 33,493
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,024,225 501,595 522,630
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 389,915 185,405 204,510
In bottom decile 76,350 36,770 39,580
In second decile 71,135 32,405 38,730
In third decile 76,000 35,995 40,005
In fourth decile 80,495 38,705 41,790
In fifth decile 85,935 41,530 44,405
In top half of the Canadian distribution 634,310 316,190 318,125
In sixth decile 92,635 45,580 47,060
In seventh decile 107,165 52,755 54,410
In eighth decile 122,600 61,105 61,500
In ninth decile 141,250 70,030 71,220
In top decile 170,665 86,720 83,940
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 323,530 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,295 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,730 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,895 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,020 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 17,705 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 19,875 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 20,635 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,140 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 40,755 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 38,665 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 40,585 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,825 ... ...
$150,000 and over 69,405 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 323,530 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,460 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,760 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,985 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,420 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 19,190 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 23,015 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 25,735 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,785 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 50,680 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 44,230 ... ...
$100,000 and over 110,265 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 41,890 ... ...
$125,000 and over 68,375 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 323,530 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 89,100 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 110,751 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 77,094 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 90,844 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 42,345 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 39,246 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 49,971 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 34,945 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 41,074 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 281,185 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 98,244 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 119,905 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 84,835 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 98,340 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,023,990 501,485 522,500
Less than 18 years 238,125 122,980 115,145
Less than 6 years 71,150 36,420 34,735
18 to 64 years 671,025 324,900 346,130
65 years and over 114,835 53,605 61,225
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 111,160 53,020 58,140
Less than 18 years 29,630 15,580 14,050
Less than 6 years 7,425 3,900 3,525
18 to 64 years 72,870 34,080 38,785
65 years and over 8,665 3,355 5,305
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.9 10.6 11.1
Less than 18 years (%) 12.4 12.7 12.2
Less than 6 years (%) 10.4 10.7 10.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 10.5 11.2
65 years and over (%) 7.5 6.3 8.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. York, RM, Ontario (Code 3519) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 26, 2020).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

York, RM, Ontario

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, York, RM, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York, RM
Ontario
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,032,524 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 892,712 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 15.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 334,447 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 323,543 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 585.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,762.17 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,032,525 504,690 527,830
0 to 4 years 58,710 30,045 28,665
5 to 9 years 64,565 33,175 31,390
10 to 14 years 68,895 35,480 33,410
15 to 19 years 75,610 39,315 36,295
15 years 15,255 7,915 7,340
16 years 15,575 8,155 7,425
17 years 15,150 7,920 7,230
18 years 14,945 7,780 7,170
19 years 14,675 7,550 7,130
20 to 24 years 68,110 35,185 32,930
25 to 29 years 58,965 29,470 29,500
30 to 34 years 59,980 27,640 32,345
35 to 39 years 73,330 34,085 39,250
40 to 44 years 84,520 39,900 44,625
45 to 49 years 90,905 43,895 47,010
50 to 54 years 82,825 40,100 42,720
55 to 59 years 67,575 32,795 34,785
60 to 64 years 57,590 28,210 29,375
65 to 69 years 38,255 18,630 19,625
70 to 74 years 30,275 14,565 15,710
75 to 79 years 22,930 10,795 12,130
80 to 84 years 15,960 6,780 9,180
85 years and over 13,515 4,630 8,885
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.3 38.3 40.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.4 80.4 82.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 840,355 405,990 434,365
Married or living with a common-law partner 523,265 260,680 262,590
Married (and not separated) 491,325 244,730 246,595
Living common law 31,945 15,950 15,990
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 317,085 145,310 171,775
Single (never legally married) 227,160 120,170 106,985
Separated 17,700 6,700 10,995
Divorced 34,095 11,710 22,385
Widowed 38,135 6,730 31,405
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 294,280 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 103,170 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 74,350 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 85,420 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 31,340 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 294,280 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 255,475 ... ...
Married couples 239,530 ... ...
Without children at home 72,695 ... ...
With children at home 166,835 ... ...
1 child 58,095 ... ...
2 children 79,380 ... ...
3 or more children 29,360 ... ...
Common-law couples 15,945 ... ...
Without children at home 8,620 ... ...
With children at home 7,325 ... ...
1 child 3,410 ... ...
2 children 2,780 ... ...
3 or more children 1,130 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 38,805 ... ...
Female parent 31,190 ... ...
1 child 17,215 ... ...
2 children 10,535 ... ...
3 or more children 3,445 ... ...
Male parent 7,615 ... ...
1 child 4,640 ... ...
2 children 2,320 ... ...
3 or more children 660 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 385,690 ... ...
Under six years of age 70,945 ... ...
6 to 14 years 120,375 ... ...
15 to 17 years 44,900 ... ...
18 to 24 years 88,865 ... ...
25 years and over 60,610 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,024,265 501,690 522,575
Number of persons not in census families 88,815 35,260 53,560
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 27,405 8,555 18,845
Living with non-relatives only 18,975 9,065 9,905
Living alone 42,440 17,630 24,810
Number of census family persons 935,450 466,435 469,015
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 114,905 53,785 61,120
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 30,825 6,830 23,990
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 13,420 2,420 11,000
Living with non-relatives only 1,460 630 835
Living alone 15,945 3,785 12,160
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 84,085 46,955 37,125
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 323,540 ... ...
Census-family households 275,185 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 232,310 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 205,700 ... ...
Without children 62,715 ... ...
With children 142,980 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 26,610 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 42,885 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 25,180 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 20,090 ... ...
Without children 3,980 ... ...
With children 16,105 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,090 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 17,700 ... ...
Non-census-family households 48,350 ... ...
One-person households 42,440 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 5,915 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 323,545 ... ...
Single-detached house 215,725 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 26,345 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 115 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 81,355 ... ...
Semi-detached house 19,680 ... ...
Row house 37,255 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 14,010 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,180 ... ...
Other single-attached house 235 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 323,545 ... ...
1 person 42,440 ... ...
2 persons 81,780 ... ...
3 persons 66,035 ... ...
4 persons 79,830 ... ...
5 persons 33,445 ... ...
6 or more persons 20,010 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,024,265 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,026,635 502,610 524,025
  Single responses  995,170 487,460 507,710
    English  523,690 261,665 262,020
    French  8,310 3,740 4,570
    Non-official languages  463,175 222,060 241,115
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 15 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  15 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 461,135 221,060 240,070
        African languages, n.i.e 75 40 35
        Afrikaans  195 100 95
        Akan (Twi)  380 180 200
        Albanian  1,255 635 620
        Amharic  210 95 110
        Arabic  9,620 4,885 4,730
        Armenian  3,300 1,615 1,685
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 85 40 40
        Bengali  1,225 635 590
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  380 135 245
        Bosnian  150 70 75
        Bulgarian  810 395 410
        Burmese  140 65 75
        Cantonese  69,980 33,280 36,700
        Chinese, n.o.s.  50,000 23,930 26,070
        Creoles  395 185 215
        Croatian  1,300 585 710
        Czech  505 235 270
        Danish  320 160 160
        Dutch  1,735 830 900
        Estonian  425 190 235
        Finnish  625 265 365
        Flemish  45 15 25
        Fukien  845 410 435
        German  5,590 2,590 3,000
        Greek  7,690 3,815 3,880
        Gujarati  9,260 4,440 4,820
        Hakka  1,495 735 760
        Hebrew  5,785 3,045 2,740
        Hindi  4,935 2,425 2,515
        Hungarian  3,340 1,580 1,760
        Ilocano  735 270 465
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 255 140 115
        Italian  58,305 28,680 29,625
        Japanese  1,120 435 680
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,180 555 625
        Korean  11,595 5,585 6,010
        Kurdish  545 290 250
        Lao  870 410 460
        Latvian  315 125 195
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  355 155 200
        Macedonian  2,880 1,380 1,500
        Malay  735 320 415
        Malayalam  1,185 585 605
        Maltese  405 205 195
        Mandarin  25,390 12,110 13,280
        Marathi  355 175 180
        Nepali  90 45 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 295 155 145
        Norwegian  60 25 35
        Oromo  55 30 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10,150 5,080 5,070
        Pashto  470 220 250
        Persian (Farsi)  27,840 14,045 13,795
        Polish  4,880 2,225 2,655
        Portuguese  7,380 3,510 3,870
        Romanian  6,470 3,080 3,390
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  33,320 15,775 17,535
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 2,000 995 1,005
        Serbian  1,715 860 850
        Serbo-Croatian  165 85 85
        Shanghainese  360 150 210
        Sign languages, n.i.e 105 60 45
        Sindhi  1,270 590 680
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  880 430 445
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 95 50 45
        Slovak  475 205 270
        Slovenian  495 235 265
        Somali  375 155 215
        Spanish  14,010 6,630 7,375
        Swahili  300 150 155
        Swedish  140 60 80
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  12,910 4,555 8,355
        Taiwanese  635 300 335
        Tamil  20,295 10,000 10,290
        Telugu  490 250 245
        Thai  250 65 185
        Tibetan languages  30 15 15
        Tigrigna  115 60 55
        Turkish  2,020 1,025 1,000
        Ukrainian  1,810 815 995
        Urdu  13,350 6,645 6,700
        Vietnamese  6,295 2,895 3,400
        Yiddish  1,220 565 660
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,010 980 1,030
  Multiple responses          31,465 15,145 16,320
    English and French  1,830 840 990
    English and non-official language  27,775 13,490 14,285
    French and non-official language  1,090 485 600
    English, French and non-official language 770 325 445
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,026,635 502,605 524,030
  English only 910,275 454,425 455,845
  French only 610 245 365
  English and French 67,255 28,530 38,725
  Neither English nor French 48,500 19,415 29,090
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,026,635 502,605 524,030
  English 961,035 475,505 485,530
  French 9,090 4,040 5,050
  English and French 8,710 3,965 4,740
  Neither English nor French 47,800 19,095 28,705
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 13,445 6,020 7,425
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.3 1.2 1.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,026,635 502,605 524,030
  Single responses 955,565 468,065 487,495
    English 678,515 335,660 342,850
    French 3,150 1,405 1,740
    Non-official languages 273,900 130,995 142,900
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 273,200 130,655 142,545
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Afrikaans 55 30 30
        Akan (Twi) 165 75 85
        Albanian 590 290 295
        Amharic 80 35 40
        Arabic 4,605 2,230 2,380
        Armenian 1,835 870 970
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 700 350 350
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 65 35 30
        Bosnian 75 30 40
        Bulgarian 425 200 225
        Burmese 65 30 35
        Cantonese 58,370 27,550 30,820
        Chinese, n.o.s. 33,950 16,335 17,620
        Creoles 185 95 95
        Croatian 360 165 190
        Czech 100 50 45
        Danish 40 25 20
        Dutch 115 50 65
        Estonian 105 45 55
        Finnish 165 75 90
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 220 105 110
        German 710 345 365
        Greek 2,345 1,090 1,255
        Gujarati 4,980 2,355 2,625
        Hakka 745 350 390
        Hebrew 2,890 1,440 1,450
        Hindi 2,385 1,170 1,210
        Hungarian 1,110 520 585
        Ilocano 240 105 135
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65
        Italian 18,515 8,480 10,035
        Japanese 610 275 335
        Khmer (Cambodian) 715 325 390
        Korean 8,570 4,165 4,410
        Kurdish 310 160 150
        Lao 465 220 240
        Latvian 70 30 40
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 135 65 70
        Macedonian 1,095 520 580
        Malay 235 105 130
        Malayalam 575 285 280
        Maltese 65 30 35
        Mandarin 20,570 10,080 10,490
        Marathi 105 50 55
        Nepali 25 15 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35
        Norwegian 15 5 10
        Oromo 35 20 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 6,245 3,050 3,195
        Pashto 305 140 165
        Persian (Farsi) 19,720 9,665 10,050
        Polish 1,820 865 955
        Portuguese 2,520 1,215 1,300
        Romanian 3,585 1,725 1,855
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 23,480 11,315 12,165
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,275 605 665
        Serbian 880 425 450
        Serbo-Croatian 55 25 30
        Shanghainese 135 60 75
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 155 95 60
        Sindhi 430 205 230
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 385 180 200
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
        Slovak 135 60 75
        Slovenian 80 40 45
        Somali 135 45 90
        Spanish 7,475 3,585 3,890
        Swahili 90 35 55
        Swedish 20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,710 2,015 2,695
        Taiwanese 330 165 165
        Tamil 14,875 7,195 7,680
        Telugu 220 105 120
        Thai 95 40 50
        Tibetan languages 20 10 15
        Tigrigna 55 30 30
        Turkish 1,150 570 585
        Ukrainian 565 245 320
        Urdu 8,200 4,040 4,165
        Vietnamese 3,980 1,855 2,125
        Yiddish 65 30 35
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 695 340 355
  Multiple responses         71,070 34,540 36,535
    English and French 1,430 665 770
    English and non-official language 68,220 33,310 34,910
    French and non-official language 265 115 150
    English, French and non-official language 1,150 455 695
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,026,635 502,605 524,030
  None 763,505 375,100 388,415
  Single responses  258,365 125,370 132,995
    English  111,705 55,565 56,140
    French  7,415 3,115 4,300
    Non-official languages  139,245 66,690 72,555
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 45 25 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  40 20 25
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 138,340 66,260 72,080
        African languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Afrikaans  130 65 70
        Akan (Twi)  220 110 105
        Albanian  390 200 190
        Amharic  90 45 45
        Arabic  3,750 1,915 1,840
        Armenian  1,025 500 525
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 40 20 20
        Bengali  455 225 230
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  90 30 65
        Bosnian  45 25 25
        Bulgarian  210 110 100
        Burmese  55 25 30
        Cantonese  14,675 7,120 7,560
        Chinese, n.o.s.  8,990 4,370 4,620
        Creoles  325 155 170
        Croatian  500 230 270
        Czech  180 75 105
        Danish  120 55 65
        Dutch  570 250 320
        Estonian  175 75 100
        Finnish  230 90 140
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  360 180 180
        German  2,165 950 1,210
        Greek  4,955 2,425 2,525
        Gujarati  3,370 1,650 1,715
        Hakka  420 210 210
        Hebrew  4,125 2,045 2,085
        Hindi  3,195 1,565 1,625
        Hungarian  1,105 510 595
        Ilocano  205 80 125
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 75 35 35
        Italian  26,700 12,960 13,740
        Japanese  525 235 295
        Khmer (Cambodian)  335 155 175
        Korean  2,180 1,065 1,115
        Kurdish  130 70 60
        Lao  275 140 140
        Latvian  105 40 65
        Lingala  15 5 10
        Lithuanian  90 40 45
        Macedonian  1,285 620 665
        Malay  270 120 150
        Malayalam  440 205 235
        Maltese  145 65 80
        Mandarin  5,060 2,345 2,720
        Marathi  160 75 85
        Nepali  25 15 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 295 140 150
        Norwegian  35 20 20
        Oromo  15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,125 1,600 1,520
        Pashto  80 50 30
        Persian (Farsi)  5,450 2,820 2,630
        Polish  1,480 670 810
        Portuguese  3,235 1,510 1,730
        Romanian  1,750 815 935
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 0
        Russian  6,565 3,080 3,490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 525 270 255
        Serbian  655 340 320
        Serbo-Croatian  65 40 30
        Shanghainese  110 45 60
        Sign languages, n.i.e 50 20 35
        Sindhi  645 305 345
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  435 220 220
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 20 20
        Slovak  165 70 90
        Slovenian  160 70 85
        Somali  175 75 100
        Spanish  5,530 2,595 2,935
        Swahili  175 80 95
        Swedish  85 40 45
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,775 1,660 3,110
        Taiwanese  235 120 120
        Tamil  4,720 2,330 2,390
        Telugu  135 80 55
        Thai  95 25 70
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  50 25 25
        Turkish  620 320 300
        Ukrainian  580 270 310
        Urdu  4,080 2,045 2,040
        Vietnamese  1,740 790 950
        Yiddish  395 175 220
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 855 405 445
  Multiple responses          4,760 2,135 2,625
    English and French  600 260 340
    English and non-official language  1,990 970 1,020
    French and non-official language  2,140 890 1,245
    English, French and non-official language  35 20 15

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. York, RM, Ontario (Code 3519) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 26, 2020).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: York, Regional municipality (Census Division), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: York, Regional municipality (Census Division), Ontario