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NHS Profile, Waterloo, RM, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Waterloo, RM, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo, RM
Ontario
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 499,610 247,305 252,310
Canadian citizens 474,460 235,440 239,020
Canadian citizens aged under 18 109,290 56,280 53,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 365,170 179,155 186,010
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 25,155 11,865 13,290
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 499,610 247,305 252,305
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 384,160 191,010 193,155
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 111,495 54,300 57,195
Before 1971 24,750 11,655 13,095
1971 to 1980 15,360 7,400 7,955
1981 to 1990 16,175 8,325 7,845
1991 to 2000 24,390 11,830 12,555
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 30,815 15,085 15,735
2001 to 2005 15,355 7,715 7,640
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 15,465 7,370 8,090
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,955 2,000 1,960
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 111,495 54,300 57,195
Under 5 years 13,025 6,565 6,460
5 to 14 years 22,635 11,990 10,645
15 to 24 years 25,525 11,470 14,060
25 to 44 years 43,105 20,990 22,110
45 years and over 7,205 3,290 3,915
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 499,610 247,305 252,310
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 384,165 191,005 193,155
Born in province of residence 345,500 172,325 173,170
Born outside province of residence 38,660 18,675 19,980
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 111,495 54,305 57,195
Americas 16,920 7,785 9,135
United States 4,310 1,780 2,535
Jamaica 1,395 625 770
Guyana 2,400 1,080 1,315
Haiti 20 15 0
Mexico 1,060 490 570
Trinidad and Tobago 735 315 425
Colombia 1,195 575 620
El Salvador 2,240 1,150 1,095
Peru 170 120 55
Chile 330 155 175
Other places of birth in Americas 3,050 1,485 1,565
Europe 54,030 26,220 27,810
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 12,220 5,820 6,405
Italy 1,110 580 530
Germany 5,020 2,300 2,720
Poland 4,610 2,270 2,340
Portugal 7,895 3,905 4,000
Netherlands 2,050 1,035 1,010
France 390 200 190
Romania 4,770 2,410 2,360
Russian Federation 960 520 440
Greece 600 300 305
Ukraine 795 335 460
Croatia 2,405 1,175 1,230
Hungary 760 400 365
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,225 1,500 1,720
Serbia 2,280 1,000 1,285
Ireland, Republic of 665 295 370
Other places of birth in Europe 4,270 2,180 2,090
Africa 6,145 3,180 2,960
Morocco 40 25 0
Algeria 70 50 15
Egypt 895 500 395
South Africa, Republic of 445 215 235
Nigeria 240 115 130
Ethiopia 765 350 410
Kenya 510 240 265
Other places of birth in Africa 3,180 1,685 1,490
Asia 34,125 16,970 17,155
India 6,700 3,385 3,315
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 5,520 2,635 2,885
Philippines 1,890 785 1,105
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 885 470 410
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,665 1,350 1,310
Pakistan 3,195 1,600 1,600
Sri Lanka 675 350 330
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,370 775 600
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,135 580 555
Lebanon 340 190 150
Taiwan 455 180 275
Iraq 1,360 675 685
Bangladesh 510 275 235
Afghanistan 985 415 565
Japan 185 55 130
Turkey 390 200 190
Other places of birth in Asia 5,860 3,065 2,795
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 275 140 140
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 265 135 135
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,955 2,000 1,955
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 15,465 7,370 8,090
Americas 2,660 1,235 1,420
United States 855 345 510
Mexico 405 210 195
Cuba 50 30 20
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 90 55 35
Brazil 105 55 50
Colombia 605 285 320
Guyana 120 45 80
Peru 70 50 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 75 0 60
Other places of birth in Americas 270 130 145
Europe 2,645 1,325 1,325
France 15 0 0
Germany 100 40 55
Poland 180 55 125
Romania 585 300 285
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 25 0 0
Russian Federation 245 115 125
Ukraine 105 45 70
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 470 300 175
Other places of birth in Europe 920 450 470
Africa 1,850 950 900
Nigeria 135 60 75
Ethiopia 310 155 160
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 285 135 155
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 280 145 135
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 15 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 100 55 45
South Africa, Republic of 60 45 15
Other places of birth in Africa 640 340 300
Asia 8,275 3,840 4,435
Philippines 480 165 315
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,395 610 785
India 1,475 675 800
Pakistan 810 370 445
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 500 265 235
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 360 185 170
Sri Lanka 90 40 45
Iraq 795 385 415
Bangladesh 200 95 100
Lebanon 50 30 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 205 60 145
Taiwan 145 55 90
Afghanistan 180 100 80
Japan 55 15 40
Turkey 75 40 35
Israel 60 30 30
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 25 0 0
United Arab Emirates 70 40 30
Saudi Arabia 95 70 20
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 200 95 105
Other places of birth in Asia 1,005 500 500
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 30 20 15
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 499,610 247,305 252,305
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 116,625 56,890 59,735
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 99,520 50,220 49,300
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 283,465 140,195 143,270
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 499,615 247,305 252,305
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 77,085 38,470 38,610
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 21,170 10,575 10,595
Chinese 11,840 5,785 6,060
Black 10,535 5,445 5,080
Filipino 2,800 1,175 1,630
Latin American 8,200 4,060 4,140
Arab 4,815 2,595 2,215
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 7,485 3,825 3,660
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 4,000 1,975 2,025
Korean 1,605 820 785
Japanese 810 335 475
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,700 790 910
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 2,120 1,085 1,035
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 422,525 208,835 213,695
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 499,610 247,305 252,310
North American Aboriginal origins 13,230 6,095 7,135
First Nations (North American Indian) 10,040 4,700 5,345
Inuit 385 200 185
Métis 3,080 1,325 1,755
Other North American origins 132,285 65,600 66,685
Acadian 770 395 380
American 6,280 3,290 2,995
Canadian 126,390 62,560 63,830
New Brunswicker 45 25 0
Newfoundlander 995 545 455
Nova Scotian 125 40 85
Ontarian 80 25 55
Québécois 135 90 45
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 20 0 0
European origins 367,785 181,570 186,215
British Isles origins 214,240 103,980 110,255
Channel Islander 15 0 0
Cornish 20 0 0
English 121,335 58,885 62,455
Irish 87,415 40,935 46,475
Manx 40 25 10
Scottish 88,530 43,090 45,440
Welsh 8,265 3,980 4,290
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 14,155 6,865 7,290
French origins 45,890 21,770 24,120
Alsatian 285 125 160
Breton 0 0 0
French 45,670 21,660 24,010
Western European origins (except French origins) 140,535 69,740 70,795
Austrian 4,005 1,925 2,080
Belgian 2,125 1,020 1,110
Dutch 24,345 12,095 12,250
Flemish 305 160 140
Frisian 100 40 65
German 114,550 56,790 57,760
Luxembourger 60 30 30
Swiss 8,810 4,645 4,165
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 8,580 4,185 4,400
Danish 2,280 1,140 1,140
Finnish 1,720 885 835
Icelandic 475 235 235
Norwegian 1,915 910 1,005
Swedish 2,380 1,065 1,315
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 335 170 155
Eastern European origins 57,280 28,365 28,910
Bulgarian 335 155 175
Byelorussian 215 80 130
Czech 2,180 1,070 1,110
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 630 365 270
Estonian 380 165 215
Hungarian 7,325 3,450 3,880
Latvian 635 315 325
Lithuanian 845 450 395
Moldovan 90 40 50
Polish 23,210 11,675 11,535
Romanian 8,795 4,555 4,240
Russian 6,220 3,055 3,170
Slovak 1,695 935 755
Ukrainian 11,770 5,670 6,100
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 210 65 150
Southern European origins 58,725 29,095 29,630
Albanian 655 375 280
Bosnian 1,065 510 555
Croatian 4,580 2,130 2,455
Cypriot 460 255 205
Greek 3,695 1,880 1,815
Italian 15,470 7,740 7,730
Kosovar 250 145 110
Macedonian 385 185 195
Maltese 855 370 485
Montenegrin 140 75 65
Portuguese 20,385 10,225 10,155
Serbian 5,895 2,820 3,070
Sicilian 75 50 30
Slovenian 1,140 550 590
Spanish 5,230 2,710 2,515
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 2,345 1,085 1,260
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,940 1,495 1,450
Basque 15 0 0
Jewish 2,095 1,010 1,085
Roma (Gypsy) 105 60 45
Slavic, n.o.s. 80 50 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 670 380 290
Caribbean origins 6,420 3,120 3,295
Antiguan 30 0 20
Bahamian 15 10 10
Barbadian 460 250 215
Bermudan 70 45 30
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 330 140 195
Dominican 130 90 40
Grenadian 155 105 45
Haitian 15 0 0
Jamaican 3,385 1,680 1,705
Kittitian/Nevisian 65 30 35
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 30 0 30
St. Lucian 75 25 50
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 920 355 560
Vincentian/Grenadinian 80 35 50
West Indian, n.o.s. 905 450 455
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 300 140 160
Latin, Central and South American origins 11,875 6,050 5,825
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 295 170 125
Argentinian 125 75 45
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 570 320 250
Chilean 455 255 200
Colombian 1,580 790 790
Costa Rican 15 0 10
Ecuadorian 135 75 65
Guatemalan 540 320 220
Guyanese 2,140 1,025 1,115
Hispanic 70 35 35
Honduran 110 60 50
Maya 160 100 55
Mexican 1,360 585 775
Nicaraguan 775 405 375
Panamanian 60 0 50
Paraguayan 20 0 0
Peruvian 365 250 115
Salvadorean 3,180 1,680 1,505
Uruguayan 10 0 0
Venezuelan 220 80 140
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 330 180 150
African origins 8,980 4,730 4,245
Central and West African origins 770 375 395
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 20 0 15
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 125 75 50
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 260 105 155
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 35 15 25
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 255 105 150
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 50 0 0
Yoruba 15 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 80 35 45
North African origins 2,855 1,605 1,250
Algerian 15 0 0
Berber 40 0 0
Coptic 70 0 65
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 1,390 765 630
Libyan 240 130 115
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 80 30 40
Sudanese 1,080 650 435
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 3,325 1,705 1,620
Afrikaner 10 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Burundian 10 0 0
Eritrean 495 285 210
Ethiopian 950 490 460
Harari 60 0 60
Kenyan 100 70 35
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 25 0 0
Oromo 15 0 0
Rwandan 30 20 10
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 835 420 410
South African 385 195 190
Tanzanian 40 25 20
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 80 35 45
Zambian 15 0 0
Zimbabwean 105 45 55
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 240 135 105
Other African origins 2,295 1,215 1,080
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 205 85 115
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,120 1,150 965
Asian origins 59,985 29,695 30,285
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 11,890 6,050 5,840
Afghan 1,760 725 1,040
Arab, n.o.s. 1,275 755 525
Armenian 1,120 570 555
Assyrian 130 65 60
Azerbaijani 135 75 60
Georgian 35 0 25
Iranian 2,055 1,115 940
Iraqi 975 495 480
Israeli 135 50 80
Jordanian 305 145 165
Kazakh 25 0 0
Kurd 670 330 340
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,195 575 620
Palestinian 1,035 530 510
Pashtun 185 95 90
Saudi Arabian 75 40 35
Syrian 685 355 330
Tajik 20 0 0
Tatar 30 0 15
Turk 1,115 610 505
Uighur 60 25 40
Uzbek 80 45 30
Yemeni 110 65 45
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 330 165 165
South Asian origins 21,990 10,985 11,005
Bangladeshi 360 220 140
Bengali 225 125 105
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 16,520 8,060 8,460
Goan 65 45 20
Gujarati 150 90 55
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 25 10 0
Pakistani 3,225 1,735 1,495
Punjabi 1,005 510 500
Sinhalese 140 60 80
Sri Lankan 620 305 315
Tamil 365 215 150
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 980 505 470
East and Southeast Asian origins 26,790 13,025 13,770
Burmese 475 240 235
Cambodian (Khmer) 450 225 230
Chinese 14,200 6,865 7,325
Filipino 3,185 1,360 1,830
Hmong 590 300 285
Indonesian 330 155 170
Japanese 1,050 465 585
Korean 1,685 850 835
Laotian 2,315 1,265 1,050
Malaysian 85 50 40
Mongolian 25 15 15
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 170 60 105
Thai 390 195 195
Tibetan 45 20 25
Vietnamese 4,060 2,080 1,980
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 125 50 75
Other Asian origins 230 135 100
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 235 135 100
Oceania origins 820 400 415
Australian 605 265 340
New Zealander 165 115 50
Pacific Islands origins 55 25 30
Fijian 10 10 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 10 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 20 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 499,615 247,305 252,310
Buddhist 5,155 2,595 2,560
Christian 339,195 161,495 177,695
Anglican 24,105 11,140 12,955
Baptist 12,745 6,020 6,725
Catholic 142,700 68,510 74,195
Christian Orthodox 12,835 6,360 6,480
Lutheran 24,950 11,760 13,190
Pentecostal 9,050 4,370 4,685
Presbyterian 17,565 8,175 9,390
United Church 30,570 13,840 16,730
Other Christian 64,670 31,315 33,355
Hindu 6,310 3,245 3,065
Jewish 1,465 695 765
Muslim 18,990 9,725 9,260
Sikh 3,810 1,835 1,975
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 135 60 65
Other religions 2,080 960 1,120
No religious affiliation 122,490 66,695 55,795
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 499,615 247,305 252,305
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 6,825 3,335 3,490
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,230 2,085 2,150
Métis single identity 2,120 995 1,125
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 220 145 75
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 60 30 35
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 185 80 105
Non-Aboriginal identity 492,790 243,970 248,815
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 499,610 247,305 252,310
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,710 780 930
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 497,905 246,525 251,375
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 499,610 247,305 252,310
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 13,230 6,095 7,135
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 10,040 4,700 5,345
Métis ancestry 3,080 1,325 1,755
Inuit ancestry 385 205 185
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 486,385 241,210 245,170
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 128,780 63,430 65,350
Aboriginal languages 70 25 45
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 0 25
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 20 10 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 128,730 63,415 65,315
Italian 2,740 1,400 1,340
Portuguese 12,245 5,995 6,250
Romanian 5,720 2,845 2,875
Spanish 11,865 5,770 6,095
Dutch 4,250 1,910 2,335
Flemish 135 30 105
German 19,765 9,690 10,075
Yiddish 15 0 0
Danish 315 150 170
Norwegian 85 40 45
Swedish 350 140 205
Afrikaans 255 140 110
Gaelic languages 60 20 40
Bosnian 605 280 325
Bulgarian 155 90 70
Croatian 3,250 1,525 1,725
Czech 705 335 375
Macedonian 130 65 70
Polish 6,400 3,135 3,265
Russian 2,685 1,350 1,340
Serbian 5,720 2,810 2,915
Serbo-Croatian 540 255 285
Slovak 650 340 310
Slovenian 280 125 160
Ukrainian 1,185 525 660
Latvian 115 55 65
Lithuanian 75 45 25
Greek 1,955 950 1,000
Armenian 540 295 240
Albanian 845 480 365
Estonian 90 45 45
Finnish 160 65 95
Hungarian 1,730 930 805
Turkish 890 500 395
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 60 40 20
Somali 695 360 330
Amharic 630 280 350
Arabic 6,145 3,295 2,850
Hebrew 280 130 155
Maltese 90 35 55
Tigrigna 330 185 150
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 395 180 220
Bengali 750 450 305
Gujarati 3,115 1,550 1,565
Hindi 4,445 2,275 2,170
Konkani 40 25 0
Marathi 180 80 100
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,280 2,565 2,715
Sindhi 340 150 195
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 305 155 150
Urdu 4,615 2,400 2,215
Nepali 30 20 0
Kurdish 520 265 260
Pashto 775 425 350
Persian (Farsi) 3,180 1,550 1,625
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65
Kannada 55 35 20
Malayalam 320 155 160
Tamil 930 525 400
Telugu 285 150 135
Japanese 675 290 385
Korean 1,480 730 750
Cantonese 2,055 985 1,070
Fukien 30 20 0
Hakka 20 0 0
Mandarin 3,630 1,790 1,840
Taiwanese 50 15 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,420 2,700 2,720
Lao 1,655 895 755
Thai 225 110 120
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 175 145
Vietnamese 3,445 1,730 1,715
Bisayan languages 85 25 65
Ilocano 55 20 30
Malay 175 90 85
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,780 625 1,155
Akan (Twi) 205 70 135
Lingala 15 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 20 0 10
Swahili 310 175 130
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 230 100 125
African languages, n.i.e. 460 290 175
Creoles 195 110 90
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 2,470 1,165 1,305
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 493,755 244,360 249,390
Non-movers 430,375 213,060 217,320
Movers 63,375 31,305 32,070
Non-migrants 36,755 18,170 18,585
Migrants 26,620 13,140 13,485
Internal migrants 22,765 11,300 11,465
Intraprovincial migrants 20,450 10,185 10,265
Interprovincial migrants 2,315 1,115 1,195
External migrants 3,855 1,835 2,020
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 468,775 231,595 237,175
Non-movers 283,975 139,830 144,145
Movers 184,800 91,765 93,035
Non-migrants 101,980 51,090 50,885
Migrants 82,820 40,675 42,145
Internal migrants 66,605 33,000 33,600
Intraprovincial migrants 59,930 29,755 30,175
Interprovincial migrants 6,670 3,245 3,425
External migrants 16,215 7,670 8,545
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 406,695 199,620 207,075
No certificate, diploma or degree 82,010 40,040 41,970
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 112,930 54,680 58,250
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 211,755 104,895 106,855
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 30,825 21,430 9,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 81,515 35,745 45,770
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 12,520 5,805 6,715
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 86,895 41,915 44,975
Bachelor's degree 54,005 25,360 28,645
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 32,890 16,555 16,335
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 276,905 136,295 140,610
No certificate, diploma or degree 34,120 17,655 16,465
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 71,150 34,590 36,560
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 171,630 84,050 87,585
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 22,745 15,770 6,980
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 66,390 29,120 37,270
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 9,395 4,375 5,020
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 73,100 34,780 38,325
Bachelor's degree 44,530 20,890 23,640
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 28,575 13,895 14,680
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 406,695 199,620 207,075
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 194,945 94,720 100,220
Education 13,535 3,165 10,375
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,715 3,020 3,700
Humanities 13,890 5,420 8,475
Social and behavioural sciences and law 22,465 7,185 15,280
Business, management and public administration 42,575 16,675 25,900
Physical and life sciences and technologies 8,375 4,360 4,015
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 11,375 7,455 3,920
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 49,685 44,930 4,750
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,680 2,290 1,395
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 27,100 4,350 22,745
Personal, protective and transportation services 12,115 6,035 6,080
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 245 25 220
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 406,695 199,620 207,075
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 194,940 94,720 100,220
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 211,755 104,900 106,855
Location of study inside Canada 177,200 86,740 90,460
Same as province or territory of residence 166,395 81,220 85,175
Another province or territory 10,805 5,515 5,290
Location of study outside Canada 34,550 18,155 16,395
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 300,995 156,425 144,570
Single responses 299,405 155,720 143,690
English 295,135 153,745 141,395
French 880 265 615
Non-official languages 3,395 1,705 1,685
Chinese, n.o.s. 305 130 180
Cantonese 55 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 110 60 50
Mandarin 75 20 55
Spanish 130 40 85
Korean 75 30 45
German 1,490 815 680
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 250 170 85
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 905 420 485
Multiple responses 1,590 705 885
English and French 485 135 350
English and non-official language 1,065 545 515
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 300,995 156,425 144,570
English 295,135 153,745 141,390
French 880 260 615
Non-official language 3,390 1,710 1,680
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 3,395 1,710 1,680
English and French 490 135 350
English and non-official language 1,065 550 515
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 20 15
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 406,695 199,625 207,070
In the labour force 283,680 148,040 135,635
Employed 263,815 137,900 125,920
Unemployed 19,860 10,140 9,715
Not in the labour force 123,015 51,575 71,435
Participation rate 69.8 74.2 65.5
Employment rate 64.9 69.1 60.8
Unemployment rate 7.0 6.8 7.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 283,680 148,040 135,635
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,940 2,830 3,105
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 277,740 145,210 132,530
Employee 253,070 130,230 122,840
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 24,670 14,975 9,695
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 283,680 148,040 135,635
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,940 2,830 3,105
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 277,740 145,210 132,530
0 Management occupations 30,515 18,870 11,645
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 43,750 12,895 30,845
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 23,560 18,590 4,965
3 Health occupations 14,070 2,355 11,720
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 30,560 9,640 20,915
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6,720 2,875 3,845
6 Sales and service occupations 61,650 24,945 36,705
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 39,460 36,910 2,555
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 4,060 2,955 1,115
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 23,395 15,175 8,220
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 283,680 148,045 135,635
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,940 2,835 3,105
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 277,740 145,210 132,530
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 4,085 2,375 1,705
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 275 245 35
22 Utilities 1,105 860 245
23 Construction 17,370 15,345 2,020
31-33 Manufacturing 51,685 36,245 15,440
41 Wholesale trade 13,660 9,300 4,360
44-45 Retail trade 31,325 14,365 16,970
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 11,765 8,955 2,810
51 Information and cultural industries 5,785 3,055 2,725
52 Finance and insurance 16,950 5,690 11,265
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,865 2,370 2,490
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 17,445 9,810 7,635
55 Management of companies and enterprises 185 135 50
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 11,640 6,265 5,375
61 Educational services 23,135 7,990 15,145
62 Health care and social assistance 24,680 3,245 21,435
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,260 2,195 2,060
72 Accommodation and food services 15,925 6,160 9,760
81 Other services (except public administration) 10,540 4,955 5,585
91 Public administration 11,075 5,655 5,420
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 283,680 148,045 135,635
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 13,750 6,520 7,230
Worked in 2010 269,925 141,515 128,405
1 to 13 weeks 12,290 5,835 6,455
14 to 26 weeks 20,060 9,515 10,540
27 to 39 weeks 15,265 7,740 7,525
40 to 48 weeks 37,075 19,250 17,825
49 to 52 weeks 185,240 99,175 86,065
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.3 45.8 44.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 283,675 148,045 135,635
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 13,750 6,520 7,230
Worked in 2010 269,925 141,520 128,405
Worked full-time in 2010 215,935 123,220 92,720
Worked part-time in 2010 53,985 18,300 35,690
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 263,815 137,895 125,915
Worked at home 15,950 7,855 8,100
Worked outside Canada 980 700 280
No fixed workplace address 24,125 17,475 6,645
Worked at usual place 222,760 111,865 110,895
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 246,880 129,340 117,535
Car, truck or van - as a driver 201,485 107,745 93,740
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 16,555 7,210 9,345
Public transit 12,780 5,910 6,870
Walked 10,795 5,055 5,740
Bicycle 2,820 2,075 745
Other methods 2,450 1,355 1,095
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 246,880 129,340 117,540
Median commuting duration 15.9 20.1 15.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 246,880 129,340 117,540
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 61,115 42,710 18,405
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 132,660 60,355 72,305
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 53,100 26,275 26,825
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 191,595 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 181,790 ... ...
Major repairs needed 9,810 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 191,595 ... ...
1960 or before 41,395 ... ...
1961 to 1980 57,110 ... ...
1981 to 1990 32,045 ... ...
1991 to 2000 26,020 ... ...
2001 to 2005 19,900 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 15,130 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 191,600 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 39,660 ... ...
5 rooms 25,885 ... ...
6 rooms 30,915 ... ...
7 rooms 29,320 ... ...
8 or more rooms 65,820 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 191,595 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 20,905 ... ...
2 bedrooms 40,020 ... ...
3 bedrooms 86,080 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 44,605 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 191,600 ... ...
Owner 136,270 ... ...
Renter 55,325 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 191,600 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 18,195 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 173,405 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 191,600 ... ...
1 household maintainer 105,040 ... ...
2 household maintainers 82,300 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 4,260 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 191,600 ... ...
Under 25 years 7,255 ... ...
25 to 34 years 31,015 ... ...
35 to 44 years 38,810 ... ...
45 to 54 years 44,245 ... ...
55 to 64 years 33,095 ... ...
65 to 74 years 20,365 ... ...
75 years and over 16,815 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 191,595 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 188,700 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,900 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 191,600 ... ...
Suitable 181,330 ... ...
Not suitable 10,270 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 190,500 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 145,130 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 45,365 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 38,085 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 135,365 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 63.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,240 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,250 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 290,016 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 321,336 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 55,260 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 831 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 869 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 406,695 199,620 207,075
Without income 19,240 8,600 10,635
With income 387,455 191,020 196,440
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 36,845 17,620 19,230
$5,000 to $9,999 26,480 9,385 17,090
$10,000 to $14,999 31,980 11,805 20,175
$15,000 to $19,999 30,795 11,230 19,560
$20,000 to $29,999 53,825 22,715 31,115
$30,000 to $39,999 48,460 22,260 26,200
$40,000 to $49,999 42,180 20,890 21,290
$50,000 to $59,999 32,365 18,900 13,460
$60,000 to $79,999 39,475 24,760 14,715
$80,000 to $99,999 23,395 15,190 8,205
$100,000 and over 21,665 16,265 5,400
$100,000 to $124,999 10,595 7,570 3,020
$125,000 and over 11,070 8,695 2,380
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,780 40,266 26,713
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 42,303 50,926 33,918
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 406,690 199,620 207,075
Without after-tax income 19,305 8,605 10,700
With after-tax income 387,390 191,015 196,375
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 37,355 17,695 19,660
$5,000 to $9,999 27,010 9,575 17,435
$10,000 to $14,999 32,805 12,015 20,785
$15,000 to $19,999 33,150 12,430 20,715
$20,000 to $29,999 64,080 27,180 36,905
$30,000 to $39,999 59,135 28,480 30,660
$40,000 to $49,999 47,000 26,010 20,985
$50,000 to $59,999 30,275 18,845 11,430
$60,000 to $79,999 36,005 23,445 12,560
$80,000 to $99,999 10,980 7,850 3,135
$100,000 and over 9,595 7,495 2,100
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,878 35,940 24,873
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 35,582 41,887 29,448
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.6 91.6 84.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.6 81.0 72.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.9 76.9 69.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.7 4.1 3.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.1 3.9 4.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.4 5.4 5.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.3 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.4 8.4 15.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.1 2.7 3.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.4 1.7 3.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.2 2.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.4 0.1 3.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.0 2.8 3.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.9 17.7 13.2
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.1 82.2 86.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 1.2 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 159,580 90,870 68,705
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,704 55,751 42,747
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 58,909 66,621 48,710
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 140,045 ... ...
Median family income ($) 83,928 ... ...
Average family income ($) 99,379 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,163 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,399 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 48,215 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,136 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,335 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,944 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,066 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 68,715 ... ...
Median family income ($) 103,866 ... ...
Average family income ($) 119,113 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 88,911 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 98,939 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 19,175 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,237 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,897 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,280 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,563 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 64,155 31,820 32,335
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,364 34,631 27,164
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,549 42,553 34,609
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,647 30,916 25,673
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,802 35,386 30,260
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 499,615 247,305 252,305
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 223,095 105,915 117,180
In bottom decile 40,395 19,570 20,820
In second decile 37,990 16,505 21,485
In third decile 43,735 20,205 23,535
In fourth decile 48,925 23,875 25,055
In fifth decile 52,045 25,760 26,290
In top half of the Canadian distribution 276,520 141,395 135,125
In sixth decile 51,985 26,130 25,850
In seventh decile 55,950 28,745 27,210
In eighth decile 57,230 29,255 27,970
In ninth decile 59,600 30,915 28,685
In top decile 51,750 26,340 25,410
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 191,595 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,175 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,625 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,100 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,425 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 14,825 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 15,765 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 16,230 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,525 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 28,160 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 23,540 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,990 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,130 ... ...
$150,000 and over 22,105 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 191,595 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,245 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,650 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,215 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,640 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 16,820 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 18,705 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 20,460 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,440 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 33,325 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 24,665 ... ...
$100,000 and over 40,430 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,150 ... ...
$125,000 and over 21,275 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 191,595 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 69,706 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,546 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,345 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,942 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 45,095 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 34,384 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 43,263 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,975 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 36,490 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 146,505 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 83,380 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 98,561 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 72,880 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 82,854 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 499,615 247,305 252,310
Less than 18 years 113,440 58,395 55,040
Less than 6 years 37,270 19,095 18,175
18 to 64 years 327,980 162,620 165,355
65 years and over 58,195 26,285 31,910
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 59,225 27,515 31,710
Less than 18 years 16,995 8,625 8,370
Less than 6 years 6,085 2,995 3,090
18 to 64 years 38,205 17,675 20,530
65 years and over 4,020 1,210 2,805
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 11.9 11.1 12.6
Less than 18 years (%) 15.0 14.8 15.2
Less than 6 years (%) 16.3 15.7 17.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 10.9 12.4
65 years and over (%) 6.9 4.6 8.8

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Waterloo, RM, Ontario (Code 3530) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 18, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Waterloo, RM, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Waterloo, RM, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo, RM
Ontario
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 507,096 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 478,121 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 6.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 202,121 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 191,599 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 370.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,368.94 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 507,095 249,820 257,275
0 to 4 years 30,940 15,880 15,065
5 to 9 years 30,660 15,615 15,045
10 to 14 years 31,370 16,020 15,350
15 to 19 years 34,580 17,710 16,875
15 years 6,900 3,550 3,345
16 years 6,865 3,570 3,300
17 years 6,700 3,360 3,340
18 years 6,740 3,440 3,300
19 years 7,375 3,795 3,585
20 to 24 years 37,220 19,075 18,145
25 to 29 years 35,685 17,870 17,810
30 to 34 years 34,370 17,065 17,305
35 to 39 years 35,205 17,395 17,815
40 to 44 years 37,075 18,360 18,720
45 to 49 years 40,580 20,075 20,510
50 to 54 years 37,410 18,385 19,025
55 to 59 years 31,785 15,525 16,265
60 to 64 years 26,630 12,900 13,725
65 to 69 years 19,360 9,115 10,250
70 to 74 years 14,740 7,080 7,665
75 to 79 years 11,835 5,290 6,540
80 to 84 years 9,180 3,730 5,450
85 years and over 8,450 2,730 5,720
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.7 36.6 38.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.7 81.0 82.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 414,120 202,305 211,810
Married or living with a common-law partner 245,165 122,485 122,680
Married (and not separated) 212,085 105,985 106,100
Living common law 33,080 16,500 16,575
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 168,955 79,820 89,135
Single (never legally married) 113,695 61,995 51,700
Separated 12,535 5,205 7,335
Divorced 21,815 8,545 13,265
Widowed 20,915 4,080 16,835
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 142,215 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 65,045 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 31,740 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 31,800 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 13,630 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 142,215 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 120,465 ... ...
Married couples 103,945 ... ...
Without children at home 42,405 ... ...
With children at home 61,545 ... ...
1 child 21,940 ... ...
2 children 27,560 ... ...
3 or more children 12,040 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,515 ... ...
Without children at home 9,765 ... ...
With children at home 6,750 ... ...
1 child 3,280 ... ...
2 children 2,415 ... ...
3 or more children 1,060 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 21,755 ... ...
Female parent 17,450 ... ...
1 child 10,045 ... ...
2 children 5,350 ... ...
3 or more children 2,050 ... ...
Male parent 4,305 ... ...
1 child 2,825 ... ...
2 children 1,175 ... ...
3 or more children 305 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 163,540 ... ...
Under six years of age 36,920 ... ...
6 to 14 years 55,410 ... ...
15 to 17 years 19,845 ... ...
18 to 24 years 34,765 ... ...
25 years and over 16,600 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 499,610 246,930 252,680
Number of persons not in census families 73,390 36,055 37,335
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 9,670 4,075 5,595
Living with non-relatives only 18,435 10,985 7,450
Living alone 45,285 20,995 24,290
Number of census family persons 426,225 210,875 215,345
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 58,490 26,450 32,040
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 18,200 4,795 13,405
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,020 625 2,390
Living with non-relatives only 810 370 440
Living alone 14,370 3,795 10,575
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 40,290 21,660 18,630
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 191,600 ... ...
Census-family households 138,385 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 126,450 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 109,405 ... ...
Without children 47,120 ... ...
With children 62,280 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 17,050 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 11,935 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 8,245 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 5,600 ... ...
Without children 2,035 ... ...
With children 3,565 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,645 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 3,690 ... ...
Non-census-family households 53,210 ... ...
One-person households 45,285 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 7,930 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 191,600 ... ...
Single-detached house 109,400 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 18,540 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 350 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 63,305 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,910 ... ...
Row house 20,240 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 5,185 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 24,640 ... ...
Other single-attached house 330 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 191,600 ... ...
1 person 45,285 ... ...
2 persons 63,160 ... ...
3 persons 32,565 ... ...
4 persons 32,475 ... ...
5 persons 12,050 ... ...
6 or more persons 6,060 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 499,615 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 501,800 247,815 253,990
  Single responses  494,100 244,020 250,080
    English  375,515 186,060 189,455
    French  6,090 2,870 3,220
    Non-official languages  112,495 55,080 57,415
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 5 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  15 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 111,250 54,455 56,800
        African languages, n.i.e 315 165 150
        Afrikaans  100 60 40
        Akan (Twi)  55 30 25
        Albanian  810 425 380
        Amharic  595 285 310
        Arabic  4,425 2,335 2,090
        Armenian  455 235 220
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 90 40 50
        Bengali  700 380 320
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 5 5
        Bisayan languages  45 20 30
        Bosnian  495 255 245
        Bulgarian  155 90 70
        Burmese  65 40 25
        Cantonese  1,410 710 700
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,835 2,395 2,440
        Creoles  105 50 65
        Croatian  2,195 1,100 1,095
        Czech  800 375 425
        Danish  195 90 100
        Dutch  2,345 1,080 1,260
        Estonian  120 55 65
        Finnish  165 80 85
        Flemish  70 25 40
        Fukien  20 10 10
        German  16,515 7,850 8,670
        Greek  1,400 700 705
        Gujarati  2,165 1,115 1,050
        Hakka  15 10 10
        Hebrew  90 45 50
        Hindi  1,150 585 565
        Hungarian  1,825 895 930
        Ilocano  55 20 35
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 145 70 75
        Italian  1,930 1,040 890
        Japanese  395 165 230
        Khmer (Cambodian)  275 140 135
        Korean  1,495 750 750
        Kurdish  515 280 230
        Lao  1,030 500 535
        Latvian  95 50 50
        Lingala  10 0 5
        Lithuanian  90 40 50
        Macedonian  250 125 115
        Malay  190 80 110
        Malayalam  300 150 150
        Maltese  60 30 30
        Mandarin  3,065 1,520 1,540
        Marathi  145 75 70
        Nepali  35 15 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 95 45 45
        Norwegian  30 15 10
        Oromo  100 55 45
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,870 1,915 1,955
        Pashto  815 430 380
        Persian (Farsi)  2,930 1,530 1,395
        Polish  5,445 2,600 2,845
        Portuguese  10,020 4,815 5,205
        Romanian  5,555 2,725 2,830
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 5 10
        Russian  1,545 725 820
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 25 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 225 105 115
        Serbian  5,080 2,510 2,570
        Serbo-Croatian  580 290 290
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 60 25 30
        Sindhi  205 100 105
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  190 95 95
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 120 60 60
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 270 145 130
        Slovak  570 260 310
        Slovenian  285 150 135
        Somali  685 330 355
        Spanish  7,975 3,815 4,165
        Swahili  120 65 55
        Swedish  90 55 40
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,330 460 870
        Taiwanese  70 35 35
        Tamil  665 355 315
        Telugu  290 165 130
        Thai  115 40 70
        Tibetan languages  5 5 5
        Tigrigna  450 225 230
        Turkish  785 410 375
        Ukrainian  820 355 465
        Urdu  2,800 1,440 1,365
        Vietnamese  3,190 1,535 1,655
        Yiddish  15 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,215 625 590
  Multiple responses          7,700 3,795 3,905
    English and French  1,025 460 560
    English and non-official language  6,280 3,155 3,135
    French and non-official language  230 110 125
    English, French and non-official language 160 75 85
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 501,800 247,815 253,990
  English only 462,190 230,855 231,330
  French only 230 100 130
  English and French 31,440 13,630 17,810
  Neither English nor French 7,940 3,230 4,710
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 501,800 247,810 253,985
  English 485,815 240,750 245,070
  French 5,875 2,770 3,100
  English and French 2,360 1,160 1,205
  Neither English nor French 7,750 3,130 4,620
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 7,050 3,355 3,700
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.4 1.4 1.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 501,800 247,810 253,985
  Single responses 484,965 239,535 245,430
    English 423,620 209,565 214,055
    French 1,725 810 915
    Non-official languages 59,620 29,160 30,460
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 59,085 28,900 30,190
        African languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85
        Afrikaans 30 15 15
        Akan (Twi) 20 10 10
        Albanian 530 270 260
        Amharic 390 195 200
        Arabic 2,690 1,320 1,370
        Armenian 225 105 120
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Bengali 435 225 210
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 15 5 5
        Bosnian 310 165 145
        Bulgarian 80 40 35
        Burmese 90 45 40
        Cantonese 820 400 420
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,270 1,635 1,635
        Creoles 40 15 25
        Croatian 1,035 500 535
        Czech 265 125 140
        Danish 35 15 15
        Dutch 420 190 230
        Estonian 25 5 15
        Finnish 20 10 15
        Flemish 5 0 5
        Fukien 5 0 5
        German 6,375 3,065 3,310
        Greek 575 270 305
        Gujarati 1,380 690 690
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 55 25 30
        Hindi 535 280 260
        Hungarian 615 310 305
        Ilocano 15 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 60
        Italian 450 210 240
        Japanese 220 105 110
        Khmer (Cambodian) 160 85 75
        Korean 1,070 535 530
        Kurdish 325 170 155
        Lao 555 275 275
        Latvian 10 5 5
        Lingala 0 0 5
        Lithuanian 15 5 10
        Macedonian 125 60 65
        Malay 65 30 35
        Malayalam 190 95 95
        Maltese 10 5 5
        Mandarin 2,360 1,190 1,165
        Marathi 65 35 35
        Nepali 20 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 50 20 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,575 1,250 1,330
        Pashto 585 295 290
        Persian (Farsi) 2,205 1,125 1,080
        Polish 2,490 1,215 1,280
        Portuguese 4,470 2,090 2,380
        Romanian 3,055 1,490 1,570
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
        Russian 970 465 500
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 160 75 85
        Serbian 3,810 1,880 1,925
        Serbo-Croatian 330 165 165
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40
        Sindhi 85 45 40
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 40 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65
        Slovak 180 85 100
        Slovenian 70 35 40
        Somali 480 230 245
        Spanish 4,720 2,265 2,455
        Swahili 70 30 40
        Swedish 40 20 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 445 200 245
        Taiwanese 35 20 15
        Tamil 370 190 180
        Telugu 160 85 75
        Thai 55 25 30
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 285 140 145
        Turkish 420 215 200
        Ukrainian 240 100 140
        Urdu 1,755 895 860
        Vietnamese 2,295 1,110 1,185
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 535 265 270
  Multiple responses         16,835 8,275 8,560
    English and French 585 250 340
    English and non-official language 15,880 7,855 8,025
    French and non-official language 80 35 45
    English, French and non-official language 285 130 150
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 501,795 247,810 253,990
  None 438,135 216,745 221,395
  Single responses  62,475 30,495 31,980
    English  25,505 12,775 12,730
    French  4,450 1,905 2,555
    Non-official languages  32,520 15,825 16,700
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 10 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  25 5 15
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 31,905 15,515 16,390
        African languages, n.i.e 80 35 45
        Afrikaans  60 30 30
        Akan (Twi)  25 15 10
        Albanian  165 90 85
        Amharic  185 95 90
        Arabic  1,440 785 655
        Armenian  140 70 65
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 15 15
        Bengali  180 100 80
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 5
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10
        Bosnian  160 85 75
        Bulgarian  40 30 20
        Burmese  25 15 15
        Cantonese  490 250 240
        Chinese, n.o.s.  980 490 485
        Creoles  75 35 40
        Croatian  725 360 365
        Czech  300 135 165
        Danish  65 30 40
        Dutch  620 270 345
        Estonian  40 10 25
        Finnish  50 25 20
        Flemish  10 0 5
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  4,295 1,960 2,335
        Greek  660 325 330
        Gujarati  525 255 270
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  60 25 30
        Hindi  770 410 360
        Hungarian  505 230 275
        Ilocano  20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 35 20 10
        Italian  725 350 375
        Japanese  155 70 90
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 30 25
        Korean  275 145 130
        Kurdish  100 50 50
        Lao  310 160 145
        Latvian  25 10 10
        Lingala  10 5 10
        Lithuanian  20 5 10
        Macedonian  60 35 25
        Malay  75 30 40
        Malayalam  115 65 50
        Maltese  20 10 10
        Mandarin  625 295 330
        Marathi  40 30 15
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 75 40 40
        Norwegian  20 10 10
        Oromo  30 20 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  850 440 415
        Pashto  135 80 55
        Persian (Farsi)  400 215 185
        Polish  1,555 735 815
        Portuguese  3,855 1,895 1,955
        Romanian  1,570 755 810
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  395 190 210
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Serbian  825 400 420
        Serbo-Croatian  145 75 75
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Sindhi  60 25 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  70 40 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Slovak  175 75 100
        Slovenian  90 40 45
        Somali  160 70 90
        Spanish  2,795 1,355 1,440
        Swahili  85 50 40
        Swedish  40 20 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  515 160 355
        Taiwanese  20 10 10
        Tamil  240 130 110
        Telugu  90 45 45
        Thai  50 20 30
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  130 60 70
        Turkish  295 145 140
        Ukrainian  190 75 115
        Urdu  840 420 415
        Vietnamese  645 325 325
        Yiddish  10 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 585 295 290
  Multiple responses          1,185 570 620
    English and French  155 75 85
    English and non-official language  460 240 220
    French and non-official language  555 255 305
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Waterloo, RM, Ontario (Code 3530) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 18, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Waterloo, Regional municipality (Census Division), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Waterloo, RM, Ontario (Census division)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Waterloo, Regional municipality (Census Division), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • NHS Data Tables, Waterloo, Regional municipality (Census Division), Ontario