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NHS Profile, Ottawa, CV, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Ottawa, CV, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 867,090 421,310 445,775
Canadian citizens 814,545 397,310 417,240
Canadian citizens aged under 18 172,245 86,955 85,290
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 642,300 310,355 331,945
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 52,545 24,005 28,540
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 867,085 421,315 445,775
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 653,135 321,055 332,085
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 202,605 94,710 107,895
Before 1971 35,145 16,950 18,190
1971 to 1980 23,350 11,295 12,050
1981 to 1990 31,895 15,150 16,745
1991 to 2000 53,015 24,670 28,350
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 59,205 26,645 32,565
2001 to 2005 26,720 11,670 15,050
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 32,485 14,975 17,515
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 11,340 5,550 5,790
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 202,610 94,710 107,895
Under 5 years 22,410 10,660 11,750
5 to 14 years 36,625 18,450 18,170
15 to 24 years 44,975 20,355 24,620
25 to 44 years 82,460 38,085 44,375
45 years and over 16,135 7,155 8,980
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 867,085 421,310 445,780
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 653,140 321,050 332,090
Born in province of residence 489,205 241,960 247,250
Born outside province of residence 163,930 79,095 84,835
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 202,610 94,710 107,895
Americas 31,545 13,480 18,060
United States 8,820 3,945 4,875
Jamaica 2,915 1,205 1,710
Guyana 1,145 520 625
Haiti 5,990 2,260 3,725
Mexico 1,250 560 690
Trinidad and Tobago 1,250 470 780
Colombia 1,405 590 815
El Salvador 1,820 900 920
Peru 790 320 470
Chile 500 270 235
Other places of birth in Americas 5,645 2,440 3,205
Europe 57,650 27,415 30,235
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 17,780 8,730 9,055
Italy 5,460 2,735 2,730
Germany 4,175 1,790 2,380
Poland 4,140 1,850 2,285
Portugal 2,290 1,145 1,145
Netherlands 2,050 1,030 1,020
France 2,130 955 1,175
Romania 2,255 1,020 1,235
Russian Federation 2,830 1,245 1,585
Greece 1,015 555 465
Ukraine 1,540 650 900
Croatia 920 480 440
Hungary 905 435 465
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,365 600 765
Serbia 840 400 435
Ireland, Republic of 700 355 345
Other places of birth in Europe 7,250 3,445 3,810
Africa 25,490 11,780 13,710
Morocco 1,200 540 665
Algeria 955 530 430
Egypt 2,805 1,455 1,350
South Africa, Republic of 630 290 335
Nigeria 1,115 525 590
Ethiopia 1,800 800 1,005
Kenya 1,025 495 525
Other places of birth in Africa 15,960 7,145 8,815
Asia 87,110 41,590 45,520
India 9,120 4,615 4,505
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 16,125 7,145 8,980
Philippines 7,385 2,690 4,700
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 3,035 1,550 1,490
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 6,115 2,850 3,270
Pakistan 3,675 1,830 1,845
Sri Lanka 2,800 1,395 1,405
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 4,180 2,135 2,050
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,495 770 725
Lebanon 9,800 5,155 4,650
Taiwan 690 250 440
Iraq 2,800 1,475 1,320
Bangladesh 2,490 1,330 1,165
Afghanistan 1,660 925 735
Japan 575 140 435
Turkey 1,180 560 625
Other places of birth in Asia 13,980 6,790 7,195
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 820 450 370
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 810 445 365
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 11,345 5,550 5,795
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 32,490 14,970 17,515
Americas 6,335 2,900 3,435
United States 1,690 895 800
Mexico 410 190 215
Cuba 220 95 125
Haiti 2,195 795 1,400
Jamaica 100 50 45
Brazil 220 100 120
Colombia 425 215 210
Guyana 20 0 0
Peru 150 60 100
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 125 85 40
Other places of birth in Americas 780 400 380
Europe 3,270 1,515 1,755
France 310 115 195
Germany 140 50 90
Poland 95 40 55
Romania 250 75 175
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 45 20 25
Russian Federation 455 235 225
Ukraine 235 120 120
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 795 455 345
Other places of birth in Europe 945 410 535
Africa 6,465 3,225 3,240
Nigeria 395 170 225
Ethiopia 400 170 235
Mauritius 105 55 50
Somalia 535 300 235
Algeria 195 95 100
Egypt 705 335 365
Morocco 450 190 260
Tunisia 65 35 30
Cameroon 340 165 175
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 585 315 275
South Africa, Republic of 65 30 35
Other places of birth in Africa 2,630 1,370 1,265
Asia 16,300 7,265 9,040
Philippines 2,525 850 1,670
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,530 1,040 1,490
India 1,580 805 780
Pakistan 630 350 275
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 815 330 485
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 410 195 215
Sri Lanka 520 215 305
Iraq 845 420 420
Bangladesh 490 265 230
Lebanon 1,250 595 655
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 295 110 185
Taiwan 155 75 80
Afghanistan 315 175 140
Japan 125 25 100
Turkey 320 150 170
Israel 85 50 30
Nepal 370 215 160
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 50 0 40
United Arab Emirates 460 230 230
Saudi Arabia 225 115 115
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 370 160 205
Other places of birth in Asia 1,940 885 1,050
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 110 65 45
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 867,090 421,310 445,780
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 219,980 103,265 116,715
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 175,620 87,625 87,995
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 471,485 230,420 241,070
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 867,085 421,315 445,780
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 205,155 98,360 106,795
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 33,805 17,070 16,730
Chinese 34,855 16,395 18,460
Black 49,650 22,765 26,880
Filipino 10,530 4,040 6,490
Latin American 10,255 4,875 5,375
Arab 32,340 16,815 15,530
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 13,650 6,490 7,155
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 7,590 3,940 3,645
Korean 2,250 1,135 1,110
Japanese 2,005 875 1,135
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,130 1,000 1,130
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 6,100 2,950 3,150
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 661,935 322,950 338,985
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 867,090 421,315 445,775
North American Aboriginal origins 35,155 16,665 18,495
First Nations (North American Indian) 26,390 12,535 13,855
Inuit 1,075 435 640
Métis 8,565 4,045 4,520
Other North American origins 248,810 120,800 128,010
Acadian 3,580 1,470 2,115
American 11,660 5,665 5,995
Canadian 236,960 115,375 121,585
New Brunswicker 30 0 20
Newfoundlander 760 405 355
Nova Scotian 60 40 25
Ontarian 520 255 265
Québécois 1,250 560 690
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 75 50 20
European origins 580,415 282,530 297,885
British Isles origins 383,990 188,085 195,905
Channel Islander 105 45 60
Cornish 55 25 35
English 195,275 96,090 99,180
Irish 191,315 91,745 99,570
Manx 130 85 55
Scottish 163,550 80,280 83,270
Welsh 15,980 7,625 8,355
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 30,365 14,010 16,355
French origins 178,005 85,030 92,970
Alsatian 40 0 30
Breton 125 50 75
French 177,895 84,995 92,895
Western European origins (except French origins) 105,615 51,140 54,470
Austrian 5,210 2,515 2,695
Belgian 3,935 1,910 2,030
Dutch 26,795 13,055 13,740
Flemish 450 235 215
Frisian 125 55 70
German 72,515 35,350 37,160
Luxembourger 90 25 65
Swiss 3,625 1,535 2,090
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 135 55 75
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 20,850 10,035 10,815
Danish 4,685 2,365 2,320
Finnish 3,485 1,470 2,020
Icelandic 1,340 750 590
Norwegian 5,980 2,975 3,010
Swedish 5,780 2,710 3,075
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 975 485 485
Eastern European origins 74,640 36,350 38,290
Bulgarian 1,350 640 715
Byelorussian 920 385 530
Czech 3,835 1,885 1,950
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 760 315 445
Estonian 725 320 405
Hungarian 7,225 3,725 3,500
Latvian 1,045 485 565
Lithuanian 1,775 955 820
Moldovan 165 80 85
Polish 28,710 13,745 14,970
Romanian 5,105 2,535 2,575
Russian 12,345 5,840 6,505
Slovak 2,325 1,185 1,145
Ukrainian 21,675 10,705 10,975
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 505 265 240
Southern European origins 73,375 35,315 38,065
Albanian 790 400 395
Bosnian 960 390 570
Croatian 2,755 1,320 1,435
Cypriot 220 65 155
Greek 6,470 3,355 3,110
Italian 41,000 20,055 20,945
Kosovar 145 70 75
Macedonian 395 170 230
Maltese 715 290 425
Montenegrin 275 165 110
Portuguese 8,205 3,945 4,265
Serbian 2,220 1,020 1,205
Sicilian 265 135 130
Slovenian 1,250 610 635
Spanish 11,230 4,920 6,305
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,185 565 625
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 13,595 6,860 6,740
Basque 230 115 115
Jewish 11,600 5,930 5,670
Roma (Gypsy) 85 25 55
Slavic, n.o.s. 120 65 50
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,620 745 875
Caribbean origins 22,285 10,035 12,255
Antiguan 55 15 40
Bahamian 185 105 80
Barbadian 1,215 430 780
Bermudan 125 45 80
Carib 115 55 60
Cuban 925 480 445
Dominican 425 210 220
Grenadian 210 95 115
Haitian 9,500 4,110 5,390
Jamaican 6,695 3,165 3,530
Kittitian/Nevisian 35 0 25
Martinican 40 25 15
Montserratan 75 45 30
Puerto Rican 80 45 35
St. Lucian 485 215 270
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,500 660 845
Vincentian/Grenadinian 155 80 75
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,200 530 670
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 730 290 440
Latin, Central and South American origins 14,940 6,915 8,020
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 680 340 345
Argentinian 350 150 200
Belizean 50 45 0
Bolivian 150 75 75
Brazilian 1,005 480 520
Chilean 850 430 425
Colombian 1,860 805 1,055
Costa Rican 235 110 125
Ecuadorian 280 130 150
Guatemalan 560 290 270
Guyanese 1,495 765 735
Hispanic 335 160 175
Honduran 110 40 70
Maya 155 70 80
Mexican 2,160 970 1,195
Nicaraguan 880 365 510
Panamanian 85 45 40
Paraguayan 20 0 0
Peruvian 1,060 430 630
Salvadorean 2,425 1,190 1,240
Uruguayan 70 35 35
Venezuelan 585 255 330
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 610 240 370
African origins 43,980 20,780 23,200
Central and West African origins 8,475 3,860 4,620
Akan 50 30 25
Angolan 135 45 90
Ashanti 35 20 0
Beninese 165 115 50
Burkinabe 70 45 25
Cameroonian 570 260 310
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 2,760 1,210 1,555
Gabonese 60 35 25
Gambian 10 0 0
Ghanaian 1,170 580 590
Guinean 150 40 110
Ibo 255 120 135
Ivorian 305 150 155
Liberian 105 55 55
Malian 80 30 50
Nigerian 1,655 750 910
Peulh 60 35 25
Senegalese 265 100 160
Sierra Leonean 115 75 40
Togolese 155 75 80
Yoruba 285 165 120
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 820 355 470
North African origins 9,910 4,975 4,935
Algerian 895 435 465
Berber 615 325 290
Coptic 295 130 165
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 4,945 2,435 2,505
Libyan 780 455 330
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,515 775 740
Sudanese 920 450 470
Tunisian 420 220 195
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 270 150 120
Southern and East African origins 18,730 8,855 9,875
Afrikaner 30 10 0
Amhara 170 70 100
Bantu, n.o.s. 195 65 125
Burundian 1,565 700 865
Eritrean 1,245 600 645
Ethiopian 1,985 970 1,020
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 600 265 330
Malagasy 95 70 35
Mauritian 395 160 235
Oromo 220 110 105
Rwandan 895 315 575
Seychellois 40 0 30
Somali 8,990 4,235 4,755
South African 875 475 395
Tanzanian 190 100 95
Tigrian 125 55 65
Ugandan 430 215 210
Zambian 55 20 40
Zimbabwean 235 130 110
Zulu 125 60 65
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,865 940 930
Other African origins 7,890 3,635 4,255
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 845 325 525
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 7,230 3,400 3,830
Asian origins 156,040 75,660 80,385
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 53,035 27,155 25,875
Afghan 2,210 1,195 1,015
Arab, n.o.s. 7,620 4,225 3,400
Armenian 1,170 610 560
Assyrian 100 55 50
Azerbaijani 160 105 50
Georgian 160 45 115
Iranian 6,100 3,040 3,065
Iraqi 3,600 1,865 1,735
Israeli 340 190 155
Jordanian 595 350 245
Kazakh 80 15 55
Kurd 680 375 305
Kuwaiti 940 425 515
Lebanese 21,990 11,065 10,925
Palestinian 3,075 1,580 1,495
Pashtun 305 145 165
Saudi Arabian 860 480 385
Syrian 2,715 1,205 1,510
Tajik 120 80 45
Tatar 50 15 40
Turk 2,945 1,425 1,520
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 90 60 35
Yemeni 680 335 340
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,210 635 575
South Asian origins 36,440 18,385 18,055
Bangladeshi 2,100 1,105 995
Bengali 675 330 345
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 24,505 12,385 12,115
Goan 85 30 50
Gujarati 85 35 45
Kashmiri 25 15 0
Nepali 780 410 375
Pakistani 3,800 1,925 1,875
Punjabi 1,345 675 670
Sinhalese 320 160 160
Sri Lankan 2,830 1,415 1,410
Tamil 1,220 635 585
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,970 985 990
East and Southeast Asian origins 67,715 30,610 37,110
Burmese 705 305 400
Cambodian (Khmer) 2,270 1,100 1,165
Chinese 40,075 18,685 21,390
Filipino 11,445 4,390 7,060
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 445 190 250
Japanese 2,670 1,150 1,525
Korean 2,520 1,250 1,270
Laotian 750 335 420
Malaysian 405 185 215
Mongolian 190 65 120
Singaporean 50 30 25
Taiwanese 450 145 300
Thai 600 160 440
Tibetan 20 0 0
Vietnamese 9,060 4,245 4,810
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 615 300 315
Other Asian origins 570 330 240
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 570 330 240
Oceania origins 1,660 850 815
Australian 1,245 640 605
New Zealander 280 135 150
Pacific Islands origins 150 95 60
Fijian 50 30 25
Hawaiian 25 25 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Samoan 0 0 10
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 40 25 20
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 867,090 421,315 445,775
Buddhist 11,705 5,370 6,330
Christian 567,485 263,940 303,545
Anglican 55,955 25,715 30,240
Baptist 10,295 4,630 5,665
Catholic 333,625 156,510 177,115
Christian Orthodox 17,475 7,940 9,535
Lutheran 9,025 4,200 4,825
Pentecostal 9,785 4,235 5,550
Presbyterian 12,950 6,250 6,695
United Church 53,690 24,500 29,200
Other Christian 64,680 29,960 34,725
Hindu 11,965 6,165 5,805
Jewish 10,615 5,400 5,210
Muslim 58,415 29,460 28,955
Sikh 3,410 1,855 1,555
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 310 125 190
Other religions 5,255 2,235 3,025
No religious affiliation 197,930 106,770 91,160
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 867,090 421,310 445,780
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 18,180 8,425 9,750
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 10,310 4,745 5,565
Métis single identity 6,405 3,080 3,325
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 705 270 440
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 175 70 110
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 585 265 315
Non-Aboriginal identity 848,910 412,885 436,025
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 867,090 421,315 445,780
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 5,345 2,425 2,920
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 861,740 418,885 442,855
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 867,090 421,310 445,780
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 35,155 16,660 18,490
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 26,390 12,535 13,860
Métis ancestry 8,560 4,045 4,520
Inuit ancestry 1,070 435 640
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 831,935 404,650 427,285
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 249,050 116,370 132,680
Aboriginal languages 690 310 385
Algonquin 45 35 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 220 100 120
Mi'kmaq 15 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 90 55 40
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 185 45 135
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 115 60 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 248,420 116,105 132,315
Italian 15,950 7,395 8,560
Portuguese 5,850 2,670 3,180
Romanian 2,540 1,180 1,360
Spanish 30,950 13,205 17,745
Dutch 3,035 1,370 1,665
Flemish 100 65 30
German 12,595 5,975 6,625
Yiddish 475 280 195
Danish 445 240 205
Norwegian 390 185 205
Swedish 650 290 360
Afrikaans 385 225 160
Gaelic languages 375 190 180
Bosnian 690 285 405
Bulgarian 1,010 510 500
Croatian 1,485 690 795
Czech 1,400 605 795
Macedonian 135 35 100
Polish 6,405 2,935 3,470
Russian 8,110 3,695 4,415
Serbian 1,960 930 1,035
Serbo-Croatian 600 290 315
Slovak 780 335 445
Slovenian 305 135 175
Ukrainian 2,605 1,180 1,425
Latvian 350 185 160
Lithuanian 275 155 120
Greek 3,000 1,550 1,450
Armenian 440 190 250
Albanian 685 330 355
Estonian 190 100 95
Finnish 485 165 320
Hungarian 1,980 950 1,030
Turkish 2,245 1,150 1,090
Berber languages (Kabyle) 95 45 55
Oromo 520 275 245
Somali 8,275 3,625 4,650
Amharic 1,670 765 910
Arabic 39,510 20,265 19,245
Hebrew 1,925 1,090 840
Maltese 40 25 15
Tigrigna 940 455 480
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 45 70
Bengali 4,050 2,085 1,965
Gujarati 2,015 1,060 955
Hindi 8,930 4,795 4,135
Konkani 160 85 75
Marathi 460 235 225
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,810 3,045 2,770
Sindhi 345 195 150
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,050 515 535
Urdu 5,970 3,050 2,920
Nepali 915 515 400
Kurdish 1,070 465 600
Pashto 920 500 420
Persian (Farsi) 7,545 3,890 3,650
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 255 135 120
Kannada 280 155 130
Malayalam 680 350 335
Tamil 3,585 1,785 1,800
Telugu 490 275 215
Japanese 2,090 835 1,260
Korean 1,955 1,020 935
Cantonese 8,495 3,910 4,580
Fukien 110 60 45
Hakka 55 25 35
Mandarin 10,430 4,790 5,640
Taiwanese 265 80 180
Chinese, n.o.s. 13,500 6,430 7,075
Lao 465 200 265
Thai 560 195 365
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,545 700 845
Vietnamese 7,545 3,445 4,100
Bisayan languages 480 140 340
Ilocano 505 205 305
Malay 585 295 290
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 7,820 2,605 5,220
Akan (Twi) 630 305 325
Lingala 1,240 505 730
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,245 485 765
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 635 190 445
Swahili 2,700 1,280 1,425
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,050 475 580
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,700 780 920
African languages, n.i.e. 615 295 315
Creoles 8,595 3,550 5,050
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 5,660 2,560 3,100
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 857,495 416,690 440,800
Non-movers 741,545 359,600 381,940
Movers 115,950 57,090 58,865
Non-migrants 83,410 41,035 42,375
Migrants 32,540 16,055 16,485
Internal migrants 22,525 11,310 11,215
Intraprovincial migrants 13,500 6,835 6,665
Interprovincial migrants 9,025 4,475 4,545
External migrants 10,015 4,745 5,270
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 817,950 396,995 420,960
Non-movers 475,180 229,930 245,250
Movers 342,770 167,065 175,715
Non-migrants 222,785 109,460 113,325
Migrants 119,985 57,600 62,385
Internal migrants 82,300 39,630 42,670
Intraprovincial migrants 46,255 22,210 24,045
Interprovincial migrants 36,045 17,420 18,620
External migrants 37,685 17,970 19,715
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 718,955 346,765 372,190
No certificate, diploma or degree 92,930 45,410 47,515
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 168,390 79,490 88,895
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 457,640 221,860 235,780
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 37,285 22,315 14,965
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 136,840 61,995 74,845
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 28,935 12,810 16,125
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 254,580 124,745 129,835
Bachelor's degree 149,465 69,420 80,045
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 105,105 55,320 49,790
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 489,920 236,680 253,240
No certificate, diploma or degree 32,555 17,085 15,470
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 91,870 44,265 47,605
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 365,495 175,330 190,165
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 26,725 15,720 11,005
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 108,850 49,860 58,995
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 20,380 9,135 11,245
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 209,535 100,615 108,920
Bachelor's degree 121,870 56,470 65,405
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 87,660 44,140 43,520
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 718,960 346,770 372,190
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 261,320 124,910 136,415
Education 28,230 6,745 21,485
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 15,620 7,000 8,620
Humanities 33,540 13,000 20,540
Social and behavioural sciences and law 76,840 30,715 46,125
Business, management and public administration 91,330 39,035 52,295
Physical and life sciences and technologies 24,805 13,000 11,800
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 32,010 20,480 11,530
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 75,535 66,085 9,445
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 6,365 3,470 2,895
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 54,035 11,465 42,570
Personal, protective and transportation services 19,275 10,855 8,420
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 55 0 50
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 718,960 346,770 372,190
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 261,320 124,905 136,415
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 457,640 221,860 235,780
Location of study inside Canada 384,975 185,795 199,175
Same as province or territory of residence 311,885 149,740 162,145
Another province or territory 73,090 36,055 37,030
Location of study outside Canada 72,665 36,065 36,600
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 528,540 267,170 261,365
Single responses 506,340 257,065 249,275
English 476,625 245,770 230,850
French 26,335 9,795 16,540
Non-official languages 3,385 1,500 1,885
Chinese, n.o.s. 650 335 320
Cantonese 290 140 150
Panjabi (Punjabi) 10 0 0
Mandarin 245 100 145
Spanish 340 150 190
Korean 100 45 60
German 35 0 25
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 55 10 45
Inuktitut 30 0 30
Other languages 1,620 695 920
Multiple responses 22,200 10,110 12,085
English and French 19,660 8,925 10,730
English and non-official language 1,995 930 1,065
French and non-official language 80 55 25
English, French and non-official language 465 200 270
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 528,540 267,175 261,365
English 476,620 245,765 230,855
French 26,340 9,795 16,540
Non-official language 3,385 1,500 1,885
Aboriginal 30 0 30
Non-Aboriginal 3,350 1,495 1,855
English and French 19,655 8,925 10,730
English and non-official language 1,995 935 1,065
French and non-official language 80 55 30
English, French and non-official language 470 200 265
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 718,960 346,770 372,190
In the labour force 498,370 253,485 244,885
Employed 463,625 235,350 228,275
Unemployed 34,745 18,130 16,615
Not in the labour force 220,590 93,285 127,305
Participation rate 69.3 73.1 65.8
Employment rate 64.5 67.9 61.3
Unemployment rate 7.0 7.2 6.8
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 498,370 253,485 244,885
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 10,250 5,245 5,005
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 488,120 248,240 239,880
Employee 442,775 220,495 222,280
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 45,345 27,750 17,600
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 498,365 253,485 244,885
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 10,255 5,245 5,005
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 488,120 248,235 239,880
0 Management occupations 61,200 36,775 24,430
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 94,835 31,885 62,950
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 62,020 46,575 15,440
3 Health occupations 28,820 6,860 21,960
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 76,930 28,585 48,345
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 18,195 7,800 10,395
6 Sales and service occupations 101,610 49,740 51,870
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 34,895 32,755 2,140
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,990 3,205 780
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 5,620 4,050 1,575
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 498,370 253,485 244,885
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 10,250 5,240 5,010
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 488,120 248,240 239,880
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,305 1,540 760
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 400 305 95
22 Utilities 1,560 1,175 385
23 Construction 21,165 18,580 2,590
31-33 Manufacturing 17,320 12,420 4,900
41 Wholesale trade 13,160 9,560 3,605
44-45 Retail trade 48,670 24,105 24,565
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 14,375 10,580 3,790
51 Information and cultural industries 13,775 8,225 5,545
52 Finance and insurance 16,865 7,475 9,385
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 8,530 5,030 3,505
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 48,470 29,665 18,810
55 Management of companies and enterprises 250 170 80
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 18,720 11,520 7,205
61 Educational services 36,860 12,640 24,215
62 Health care and social assistance 49,860 10,200 39,660
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 8,710 4,470 4,240
72 Accommodation and food services 30,380 15,220 15,160
81 Other services (except public administration) 22,770 8,965 13,805
91 Public administration 113,970 56,395 57,575
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 498,370 253,480 244,885
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 23,425 11,160 12,270
Worked in 2010 474,945 242,325 232,620
1 to 13 weeks 23,065 10,485 12,580
14 to 26 weeks 36,275 16,620 19,655
27 to 39 weeks 25,780 12,325 13,455
40 to 48 weeks 66,150 32,185 33,965
49 to 52 weeks 323,675 170,710 152,965
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.8 44.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 498,370 253,485 244,885
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 23,425 11,160 12,265
Worked in 2010 474,945 242,320 232,620
Worked full-time in 2010 381,575 206,255 175,315
Worked part-time in 2010 93,370 36,065 57,300
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 463,625 235,350 228,270
Worked at home 29,625 14,765 14,860
Worked outside Canada 2,025 1,365 660
No fixed workplace address 37,810 26,720 11,085
Worked at usual place 394,165 192,510 201,665
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 431,975 219,225 212,745
Car, truck or van - as a driver 260,660 143,455 117,205
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 27,570 8,510 19,055
Public transit 97,125 43,175 53,955
Walked 31,345 14,950 16,395
Bicycle 10,800 7,070 3,725
Other methods 4,470 2,065 2,405
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 431,975 219,225 212,745
Median commuting duration 20.9 20.9 21.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 431,975 219,230 212,750
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 92,000 53,825 38,170
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 266,465 128,080 138,385
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 73,515 37,320 36,190
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 353,245 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 331,410 ... ...
Major repairs needed 21,835 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 353,245 ... ...
1960 or before 69,470 ... ...
1961 to 1980 114,260 ... ...
1981 to 1990 66,270 ... ...
1991 to 2000 43,200 ... ...
2001 to 2005 29,935 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 30,105 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 353,245 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 89,565 ... ...
5 rooms 43,990 ... ...
6 rooms 51,405 ... ...
7 rooms 52,245 ... ...
8 or more rooms 116,040 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 353,240 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 55,465 ... ...
2 bedrooms 73,130 ... ...
3 bedrooms 134,595 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 90,055 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 353,240 ... ...
Owner 237,605 ... ...
Renter 115,640 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 353,240 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 52,280 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 300,965 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 353,245 ... ...
1 household maintainer 203,855 ... ...
2 household maintainers 141,200 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 8,190 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 353,245 ... ...
Under 25 years 15,225 ... ...
25 to 34 years 54,875 ... ...
35 to 44 years 67,245 ... ...
45 to 54 years 82,455 ... ...
55 to 64 years 64,465 ... ...
65 to 74 years 37,710 ... ...
75 years and over 31,260 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 353,240 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 347,165 ... ...
More than one person per room 6,080 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 353,240 ... ...
Suitable 332,705 ... ...
Not suitable 20,540 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 351,930 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 271,895 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 80,040 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 66,230 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 236,820 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,307 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,361 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,151 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 387,862 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 115,620 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 16.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 953 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 983 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 718,955 346,770 372,190
Without income 32,575 14,495 18,090
With income 686,380 332,275 354,105
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 64,670 31,240 33,435
$5,000 to $9,999 43,980 17,285 26,695
$10,000 to $14,999 52,595 21,480 31,115
$15,000 to $19,999 48,120 18,355 29,760
$20,000 to $29,999 71,575 29,580 42,000
$30,000 to $39,999 65,005 28,505 36,505
$40,000 to $49,999 64,040 29,010 35,030
$50,000 to $59,999 60,490 28,655 31,835
$60,000 to $79,999 86,925 45,570 41,355
$80,000 to $99,999 59,990 33,605 26,385
$100,000 and over 68,995 49,000 20,000
$100,000 to $124,999 34,820 23,710 11,110
$125,000 and over 34,170 25,285 8,890
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,530 46,513 33,728
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 49,826 58,318 41,857
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 718,955 346,765 372,190
Without after-tax income 32,720 14,495 18,225
With after-tax income 686,235 332,275 353,960
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 66,725 31,585 35,140
$5,000 to $9,999 45,310 17,475 27,835
$10,000 to $14,999 53,540 21,825 31,715
$15,000 to $19,999 51,800 20,000 31,800
$20,000 to $29,999 84,300 35,655 48,645
$30,000 to $39,999 82,540 37,115 45,420
$40,000 to $49,999 81,760 38,200 43,560
$50,000 to $59,999 63,195 32,250 30,945
$60,000 to $79,999 91,565 51,410 40,155
$80,000 to $99,999 36,540 24,840 11,700
$100,000 and over 28,970 21,910 7,060
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 35,123 40,633 30,427
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 40,849 46,934 35,136
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.4 93.6 88.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 76.2 78.1 73.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.5 72.7 70.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.7 5.4 3.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.0 3.8 4.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.5 10.3 8.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.5 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.6 6.4 11.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.6 2.3 3.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.9 1.4 2.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.9 0.6 1.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.0 0.1 2.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.2 2.1 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.0 19.5 16.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.0 80.5 83.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.4 1.8 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 287,670 156,580 131,095
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 60,062 65,661 55,158
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 69,236 76,541 60,511
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 238,230 ... ...
Median family income ($) 101,134 ... ...
Average family income ($) 116,630 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 85,635 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 95,260 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 85,830 ... ...
Median family income ($) 94,841 ... ...
Average family income ($) 108,945 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 80,362 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 88,745 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 110,070 ... ...
Median family income ($) 125,865 ... ...
Average family income ($) 139,758 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 105,395 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 113,170 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 34,740 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,490 ... ...
Average family income ($) 67,246 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,132 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,076 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 143,150 66,960 76,190
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,053 37,152 37,022
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,811 46,955 42,927
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,244 33,165 33,283
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,290 38,551 36,182
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 867,085 421,315 445,775
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 306,360 143,730 162,630
In bottom decile 73,685 35,830 37,855
In second decile 59,405 26,545 32,860
In third decile 54,440 25,365 29,075
In fourth decile 55,450 26,460 28,995
In fifth decile 63,375 29,525 33,845
In top half of the Canadian distribution 560,730 277,585 283,145
In sixth decile 75,315 36,005 39,310
In seventh decile 87,900 42,355 45,550
In eighth decile 106,990 53,105 53,890
In ninth decile 134,120 66,275 67,850
In top decile 156,395 79,845 76,555
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 353,245 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,775 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,990 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,890 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 12,150 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 20,830 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 23,000 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 25,030 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 47,625 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 41,660 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 41,695 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,735 ... ...
$150,000 and over 62,690 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 353,245 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,980 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,055 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,945 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 12,645 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 23,930 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 28,895 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 32,690 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,910 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 57,560 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 45,195 ... ...
$100,000 and over 98,435 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 39,435 ... ...
$125,000 and over 59,000 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 353,245 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 79,634 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 96,815 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,160 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 79,356 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 99,825 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 44,915 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 51,574 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,802 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 42,419 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 253,420 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 99,466 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 114,636 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 84,508 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 93,905 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 867,090 421,310 445,775
Less than 18 years 181,790 91,705 90,085
Less than 6 years 58,695 29,285 29,405
18 to 64 years 579,585 281,975 297,610
65 years and over 105,710 47,630 58,080
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 101,235 47,100 54,140
Less than 18 years 26,210 13,440 12,770
Less than 6 years 8,895 4,560 4,340
18 to 64 years 67,610 31,310 36,295
65 years and over 7,415 2,340 5,070
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 11.7 11.2 12.1
Less than 18 years (%) 14.4 14.7 14.2
Less than 6 years (%) 15.2 15.6 14.8
18 to 64 years (%) 11.7 11.1 12.2
65 years and over (%) 7.0 4.9 8.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ottawa, CV, Ontario (Code 3506008) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 15, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Ottawa, CV, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Ottawa, CV, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 812,129 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 8.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 370,217 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 353,244 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 316.6 ... ...
Land area (square km) 2,790.22 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 883,390 428,455 454,935
0 to 4 years 49,140 24,925 24,215
5 to 9 years 48,765 24,660 24,100
10 to 14 years 50,665 25,690 24,975
15 to 19 years 58,305 29,675 28,630
15 years 10,905 5,620 5,285
16 years 11,440 5,810 5,635
17 years 11,255 5,775 5,480
18 years 11,880 5,975 5,905
19 years 12,825 6,505 6,325
20 to 24 years 65,960 33,100 32,865
25 to 29 years 61,230 30,185 31,045
30 to 34 years 57,745 27,675 30,065
35 to 39 years 60,360 28,765 31,600
40 to 44 years 64,285 31,215 33,065
45 to 49 years 73,190 35,935 37,255
50 to 54 years 69,010 33,595 35,415
55 to 59 years 57,735 28,030 29,705
60 to 64 years 50,410 24,385 26,025
65 to 69 years 35,865 16,935 18,925
70 to 74 years 26,810 12,360 14,445
75 to 79 years 21,275 9,545 11,725
80 to 84 years 16,305 6,600 9,710
85 years and over 16,335 5,185 11,150
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.2 38.2 40.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.2 82.4 83.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 734,820 353,180 381,640
Married or living with a common-law partner 411,110 205,465 205,640
Married (and not separated) 348,520 173,900 174,625
Living common law 62,595 31,570 31,020
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 323,710 147,710 176,000
Single (never legally married) 224,340 117,055 107,290
Separated 20,630 8,385 12,240
Divorced 42,710 15,540 27,170
Widowed 36,030 6,730 29,300
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 239,475 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 114,235 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 52,585 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 51,090 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 21,560 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 239,475 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 200,930 ... ...
Married couples 169,675 ... ...
Without children at home 70,535 ... ...
With children at home 99,145 ... ...
1 child 36,045 ... ...
2 children 44,440 ... ...
3 or more children 18,655 ... ...
Common-law couples 31,255 ... ...
Without children at home 21,055 ... ...
With children at home 10,195 ... ...
1 child 5,200 ... ...
2 children 3,465 ... ...
3 or more children 1,530 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 38,540 ... ...
Female parent 30,790 ... ...
1 child 17,660 ... ...
2 children 9,155 ... ...
3 or more children 3,980 ... ...
Male parent 7,750 ... ...
1 child 4,980 ... ...
2 children 2,190 ... ...
3 or more children 575 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 265,830 ... ...
Under six years of age 58,365 ... ...
6 to 14 years 89,325 ... ...
15 to 17 years 32,695 ... ...
18 to 24 years 57,570 ... ...
25 years and over 27,885 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 867,090 421,800 445,290
Number of persons not in census families 160,855 74,120 86,735
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 18,625 7,520 11,105
Living with non-relatives only 42,325 23,700 18,625
Living alone 99,905 42,895 57,005
Number of census family persons 706,235 347,685 358,550
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 105,830 47,610 58,220
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 34,820 9,275 25,545
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,390 1,055 4,335
Living with non-relatives only 1,915 860 1,055
Living alone 27,515 7,360 20,155
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 71,010 38,335 32,675
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 353,240 ... ...
Census-family households 234,315 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 215,335 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 184,055 ... ...
Without children 83,795 ... ...
With children 100,260 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 31,275 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 18,980 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 13,990 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 9,495 ... ...
Without children 3,560 ... ...
With children 5,930 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,500 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 4,985 ... ...
Non-census-family households 118,930 ... ...
One-person households 99,905 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 19,030 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 353,245 ... ...
Single-detached house 151,495 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 65,495 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 935 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 135,325 ... ...
Semi-detached house 19,305 ... ...
Row house 72,540 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,850 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 36,190 ... ...
Other single-attached house 440 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 353,245 ... ...
1 person 99,905 ... ...
2 persons 116,385 ... ...
3 persons 55,635 ... ...
4 persons 52,880 ... ...
5 persons 19,185 ... ...
6 or more persons 9,250 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 867,090 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 872,450 424,000 448,450
  Single responses  846,085 411,465 434,630
    English  544,045 270,365 273,680
    French  123,925 56,845 67,075
    Non-official languages  178,120 84,250 93,875
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 455 155 305
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  145 70 75
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  210 50 155
        Mi'kmaq  20 5 15
        Ojibway  65 25 45
        Oji-Cree  10 5 10
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 175,735 83,195 92,545
        African languages, n.i.e 450 225 225
        Afrikaans  135 70 65
        Akan (Twi)  310 150 165
        Albanian  580 295 280
        Amharic  1,165 565 600
        Arabic  28,185 14,660 13,525
        Armenian  415 210 205
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 510 235 275
        Bengali  2,840 1,450 1,390
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  65 30 35
        Bisayan languages  375 105 270
        Bosnian  575 265 310
        Bulgarian  825 380 445
        Burmese  165 85 80
        Cantonese  6,405 3,005 3,400
        Chinese, n.o.s.  12,735 5,980 6,755
        Creoles  3,620 1,530 2,090
        Croatian  985 470 515
        Czech  990 455 540
        Danish  315 145 175
        Dutch  2,360 1,120 1,240
        Estonian  185 80 105
        Finnish  325 120 200
        Flemish  80 35 45
        Fukien  85 35 45
        German  5,810 2,565 3,245
        Greek  2,040 1,080 955
        Gujarati  1,210 630 575
        Hakka  55 35 25
        Hebrew  350 190 160
        Hindi  2,330 1,175 1,155
        Hungarian  1,725 850 875
        Ilocano  360 120 240
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 130 75 55
        Italian  9,440 4,730 4,710
        Japanese  935 295 640
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,095 480 625
        Korean  1,605 690 915
        Kurdish  645 330 315
        Lao  360 175 180
        Latvian  275 125 155
        Lingala  275 120 150
        Lithuanian  210 90 120
        Macedonian  60 30 30
        Malay  355 160 205
        Malayalam  445 225 225
        Maltese  35 10 25
        Mandarin  6,820 3,150 3,665
        Marathi  230 115 120
        Nepali  465 225 235
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 575 300 275
        Norwegian  140 60 80
        Oromo  360 190 170
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,295 1,650 1,645
        Pashto  705 375 325
        Persian (Farsi)  6,050 3,025 3,030
        Polish  5,750 2,605 3,150
        Portuguese  3,920 1,865 2,050
        Romanian  2,390 1,085 1,305
        Rundi (Kirundi)  545 225 315
        Russian  5,475 2,390 3,085
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  515 190 330
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 160 80 75
        Serbian  1,675 820 855
        Serbo-Croatian  545 265 280
        Shanghainese  75 35 45
        Sign languages, n.i.e 115 55 65
        Sindhi  245 115 130
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  720 360 365
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 355 175 180
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 55 25 30
        Slovak  625 280 345
        Slovenian  235 110 125
        Somali  6,135 2,610 3,525
        Spanish  10,850 4,960 5,890
        Swahili  800 365 430
        Swedish  270 130 150
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,875 1,625 3,250
        Taiwanese  165 75 95
        Tamil  2,065 1,060 1,000
        Telugu  340 165 170
        Thai  335 95 245
        Tibetan languages  20 10 10
        Tigrigna  740 360 385
        Turkish  1,395 700 695
        Ukrainian  1,560 680 885
        Urdu  3,675 1,870 1,810
        Vietnamese  5,800 2,715 3,085
        Yiddish  230 125 105
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,925 900 1,025
  Multiple responses          26,360 12,535 13,825
    English and French  10,755 5,085 5,665
    English and non-official language  11,090 5,430 5,660
    French and non-official language  2,950 1,330 1,620
    English, French and non-official language 1,565 695 870
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 872,450 424,000 448,450
  English only 522,980 264,790 258,195
  French only 12,915 5,245 7,675
  English and French 324,690 149,495 175,195
  Neither English nor French 11,860 4,470 7,390
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 872,450 424,000 448,450
  English 708,285 349,750 358,535
  French 133,450 60,890 72,560
  English and French 19,190 9,065 10,125
  Neither English nor French 11,530 4,300 7,230
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 143,040 65,420 77,620
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 16.4 15.4 17.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 872,450 424,000 448,450
  Single responses 830,485 404,095 426,390
    English 652,455 321,710 330,745
    French 86,035 38,940 47,095
    Non-official languages 91,990 43,445 48,545
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 120 40 75
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 35 10 20
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 60 15 45
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
        Ojibway 20 5 10
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 91,210 43,090 48,120
        African languages, n.i.e. 175 80 100
        Afrikaans 50 25 25
        Akan (Twi) 110 55 55
        Albanian 290 150 140
        Amharic 655 305 345
        Arabic 16,970 8,525 8,440
        Armenian 210 110 100
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45
        Bengali 1,920 945 975
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 25 10 15
        Bisayan languages 120 40 75
        Bosnian 295 150 145
        Bulgarian 435 210 225
        Burmese 105 45 55
        Cantonese 4,000 1,860 2,140
        Chinese, n.o.s. 8,475 3,975 4,495
        Creoles 1,590 645 945
        Croatian 370 175 195
        Czech 275 125 150
        Danish 30 15 10
        Dutch 155 75 80
        Estonian 50 15 25
        Finnish 25 15 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 20 10 5
        German 730 310 420
        Greek 635 315 325
        Gujarati 460 220 240
        Hakka 10 5 5
        Hebrew 135 70 65
        Hindi 1,045 520 525
        Hungarian 500 240 265
        Ilocano 160 60 105
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Italian 2,915 1,320 1,595
        Japanese 375 140 230
        Khmer (Cambodian) 530 235 295
        Korean 995 460 535
        Kurdish 405 195 210
        Lao 190 100 90
        Latvian 70 30 40
        Lingala 100 40 65
        Lithuanian 50 25 25
        Macedonian 25 15 10
        Malay 115 60 55
        Malayalam 185 90 90
        Maltese 10 0 5
        Mandarin 5,190 2,515 2,675
        Marathi 120 60 65
        Nepali 345 170 175
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50
        Norwegian 10 5 10
        Oromo 200 95 105
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,800 855 945
        Pashto 515 270 240
        Persian (Farsi) 3,885 1,835 2,050
        Polish 2,320 1,075 1,250
        Portuguese 1,620 765 850
        Romanian 1,245 575 665
        Rundi (Kirundi) 210 100 110
        Russian 3,460 1,610 1,850
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 205 80 125
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45
        Serbian 1,140 565 575
        Serbo-Croatian 275 135 140
        Shanghainese 35 20 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 190 110 80
        Sindhi 65 20 40
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 345 170 170
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 275 140 130
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Slovak 190 90 100
        Slovenian 30 20 15
        Somali 3,850 1,600 2,250
        Spanish 5,755 2,665 3,090
        Swahili 300 135 165
        Swedish 65 30 30
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,095 820 1,280
        Taiwanese 75 35 40
        Tamil 1,270 620 650
        Telugu 125 60 65
        Thai 120 45 75
        Tibetan languages 5 0 5
        Tigrigna 395 175 215
        Turkish 765 365 395
        Ukrainian 405 180 225
        Urdu 1,995 1,000 1,000
        Vietnamese 4,035 1,890 2,145
        Yiddish 15 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 665 315 350
  Multiple responses         41,970 19,905 22,060
    English and French 10,775 4,930 5,845
    English and non-official language 25,800 12,580 13,220
    French and non-official language 2,405 1,025 1,375
    English, French and non-official language 2,985 1,370 1,620
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 872,450 424,000 448,450
  None 671,880 330,280 341,595
  Single responses  192,740 90,130 102,610
    English  75,780 35,840 39,940
    French  55,510 25,515 30,000
    Non-official languages  61,455 28,780 32,675
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 320 115 205
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  95 40 55
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 5
        Inuktitut  140 40 95
        Mi'kmaq  10 0 5
        Ojibway  65 25 40
        Oji-Cree  10 5 5
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 60,025 28,185 31,845
        African languages, n.i.e 185 90 100
        Afrikaans  60 25 40
        Akan (Twi)  220 105 125
        Albanian  155 85 70
        Amharic  370 175 190
        Arabic  8,665 4,580 4,085
        Armenian  100 50 55
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 275 125 150
        Bengali  625 345 275
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 20 15
        Bisayan languages  95 30 65
        Bosnian  190 85 110
        Bulgarian  250 115 135
        Burmese  50 25 25
        Cantonese  1,740 815 925
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,745 1,320 1,425
        Creoles  2,490 1,050 1,440
        Croatian  365 185 185
        Czech  325 130 200
        Danish  135 60 80
        Dutch  785 350 435
        Estonian  60 25 35
        Finnish  125 40 85
        Flemish  15 10 5
        Fukien  35 15 20
        German  2,395 1,070 1,325
        Greek  1,090 575 510
        Gujarati  600 305 290
        Hakka  25 15 5
        Hebrew  355 170 180
        Hindi  1,395 715 680
        Hungarian  525 245 280
        Ilocano  95 30 65
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 65 35 30
        Italian  3,970 1,915 2,050
        Japanese  540 230 310
        Khmer (Cambodian)  385 170 215
        Korean  470 205 270
        Kurdish  145 75 70
        Lao  100 50 50
        Latvian  75 40 40
        Lingala  470 175 290
        Lithuanian  65 25 40
        Macedonian  20 5 15
        Malay  165 75 90
        Malayalam  185 95 95
        Maltese  20 5 10
        Mandarin  1,650 735 920
        Marathi  60 25 40
        Nepali  60 20 35
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 520 240 280
        Norwegian  75 25 45
        Oromo  70 35 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,060 530 530
        Pashto  135 65 65
        Persian (Farsi)  1,425 745 675
        Polish  1,830 750 1,080
        Portuguese  1,405 655 745
        Romanian  685 330 355
        Rundi (Kirundi)  300 115 185
        Russian  1,425 610 815
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  250 85 165
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 45 20 25
        Serbian  320 155 160
        Serbo-Croatian  120 60 60
        Shanghainese  20 5 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e 125 45 85
        Sindhi  120 55 65
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  285 135 145
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Slovak  225 95 125
        Slovenian  65 25 40
        Somali  1,965 895 1,065
        Spanish  4,940 2,315 2,630
        Swahili  595 260 340
        Swedish  160 75 80
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,840 545 1,295
        Taiwanese  60 25 40
        Tamil  650 340 310
        Telugu  135 65 70
        Thai  190 65 130
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  250 120 125
        Turkish  380 195 185
        Ukrainian  510 210 305
        Urdu  1,400 730 675
        Vietnamese  1,325 640 685
        Yiddish  50 25 25
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,110 480 625
  Multiple responses          7,835 3,590 4,240
    English and French  2,275 1,055 1,220
    English and non-official language  1,995 940 1,055
    French and non-official language  3,495 1,565 1,930
    English, French and non-official language  75 35 40

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ottawa, CV, Ontario (Code 3506008) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 15, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Ottawa, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Ottawa, CV, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Ottawa, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Ottawa, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario