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NHS Profile, London, CY, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, London, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 360,715 174,800 185,920
Canadian citizens 340,900 165,350 175,545
Canadian citizens aged under 18 69,430 36,060 33,370
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 271,475 129,295 142,175
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 19,815 9,445 10,375
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 360,720 174,795 185,920
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 279,580 135,875 143,700
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 76,585 36,580 40,000
Before 1971 20,020 9,230 10,790
1971 to 1980 9,025 4,125 4,905
1981 to 1990 12,580 6,285 6,290
1991 to 2000 13,750 6,605 7,140
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 21,210 10,335 10,880
2001 to 2005 9,805 4,765 5,040
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,410 5,570 5,840
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 4,555 2,335 2,220
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 76,580 36,580 40,000
Under 5 years 8,590 4,255 4,340
5 to 14 years 15,040 7,800 7,240
15 to 24 years 17,740 7,745 9,990
25 to 44 years 30,390 14,590 15,800
45 years and over 4,815 2,195 2,620
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 360,720 174,800 185,920
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 279,580 135,880 143,705
Born in province of residence 251,805 122,590 129,210
Born outside province of residence 27,775 13,290 14,490
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 76,585 36,580 40,000
Americas 13,860 7,005 6,855
United States 3,635 1,775 1,865
Jamaica 925 550 375
Guyana 440 225 215
Haiti 55 30 25
Mexico 410 215 200
Trinidad and Tobago 575 205 365
Colombia 3,660 1,875 1,785
El Salvador 1,505 760 745
Peru 105 45 65
Chile 235 135 95
Other places of birth in Americas 2,315 1,190 1,120
Europe 35,065 16,125 18,940
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 10,035 4,635 5,395
Italy 2,170 1,085 1,085
Germany 2,040 870 1,170
Poland 4,295 1,905 2,390
Portugal 3,630 1,570 2,065
Netherlands 2,300 1,010 1,290
France 255 80 175
Romania 750 270 475
Russian Federation 405 235 170
Greece 1,210 620 585
Ukraine 625 265 360
Croatia 660 300 365
Hungary 790 395 395
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,105 580 525
Serbia 575 255 320
Ireland, Republic of 595 270 320
Other places of birth in Europe 3,625 1,780 1,845
Africa 3,885 1,980 1,910
Morocco 75 35 40
Algeria 55 30 25
Egypt 785 380 405
South Africa, Republic of 395 200 195
Nigeria 155 95 60
Ethiopia 325 155 170
Kenya 195 120 75
Other places of birth in Africa 1,900 960 935
Asia 23,440 11,320 12,120
India 2,520 1,220 1,300
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,940 1,355 1,595
Philippines 1,350 480 870
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 795 365 425
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,620 835 785
Pakistan 905 485 415
Sri Lanka 210 85 120
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,110 560 550
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,185 1,050 1,135
Lebanon 1,555 760 795
Taiwan 275 105 180
Iraq 1,835 910 920
Bangladesh 195 115 85
Afghanistan 625 300 325
Japan 150 55 100
Turkey 100 50 45
Other places of birth in Asia 5,075 2,590 2,485
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 335 160 175
Fiji 60 0 40
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 275 140 135
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 4,555 2,340 2,220
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 11,405 5,570 5,840
Americas 3,680 1,930 1,745
United States 675 335 340
Mexico 160 105 55
Cuba 90 50 40
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 115 80 0
Brazil 50 20 35
Colombia 1,985 1,020 965
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 20 0 15
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 210 120 95
Other places of birth in Americas 365 195 165
Europe 1,300 610 690
France 45 20 20
Germany 70 40 30
Poland 80 30 55
Romania 100 40 55
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 30 15 15
Russian Federation 110 65 40
Ukraine 75 15 60
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 395 190 200
Other places of birth in Europe 405 185 220
Africa 1,045 480 565
Nigeria 75 45 0
Ethiopia 35 0 35
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 20 15 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 365 180 185
Morocco 40 0 20
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 10 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 85 35 50
Other places of birth in Africa 405 185 220
Asia 5,325 2,500 2,825
Philippines 230 60 170
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 745 345 395
India 400 200 200
Pakistan 130 65 65
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 210 85 130
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 645 295 350
Sri Lanka 20 0 15
Iraq 565 240 325
Bangladesh 85 45 40
Lebanon 225 105 120
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 80 35 45
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 240 155 85
Japan 30 0 30
Turkey 40 20 20
Israel 25 20 0
Nepal 90 25 65
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 25 0 0
United Arab Emirates 100 65 40
Saudi Arabia 270 120 150
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 95 45 55
Other places of birth in Asia 1,050 570 485
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 60 45 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 360,715 174,800 185,920
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 82,090 39,375 42,710
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 76,570 37,300 39,270
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 202,060 98,120 103,940
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 360,715 174,800 185,915
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 57,965 29,015 28,950
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 8,010 3,945 4,065
Chinese 7,140 3,345 3,795
Black 8,760 4,590 4,175
Filipino 2,270 915 1,350
Latin American 9,640 5,080 4,555
Arab 9,320 4,690 4,630
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 3,750 1,905 1,845
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 2,955 1,585 1,370
Korean 2,990 1,515 1,475
Japanese 495 225 270
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 765 380 390
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,870 835 1,035
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 302,755 145,785 156,970
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 360,720 174,800 185,920
North American Aboriginal origins 10,620 5,090 5,530
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,955 4,295 4,665
Inuit 175 105 70
Métis 1,540 715 825
Other North American origins 97,230 46,895 50,335
Acadian 350 185 170
American 4,380 2,055 2,330
Canadian 93,775 45,260 48,515
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 200 90 110
Nova Scotian 80 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 105 45 55
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 15 0 15
European origins 265,000 127,585 137,420
British Isles origins 181,540 87,020 94,520
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 15 0 0
English 110,135 51,805 58,325
Irish 73,170 34,210 38,960
Manx 110 60 50
Scottish 75,160 36,155 39,005
Welsh 7,285 3,435 3,855
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 11,365 5,425 5,940
French origins 36,320 17,165 19,155
Alsatian 30 0 20
Breton 0 0 0
French 36,295 17,155 19,140
Western European origins (except French origins) 64,740 30,970 33,770
Austrian 1,685 835 850
Belgian 2,855 1,455 1,400
Dutch 22,295 10,605 11,695
Flemish 295 135 160
Frisian 120 50 70
German 41,395 19,730 21,665
Luxembourger 15 0 20
Swiss 1,440 680 765
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 25 0 15
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 7,195 3,400 3,795
Danish 2,085 1,040 1,040
Finnish 1,405 710 695
Icelandic 350 150 195
Norwegian 1,675 745 930
Swedish 1,970 955 1,010
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 255 110 145
Eastern European origins 36,140 17,310 18,830
Bulgarian 215 110 105
Byelorussian 245 125 110
Czech 1,285 610 675
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 490 195 295
Estonian 205 100 110
Hungarian 5,285 2,640 2,650
Latvian 415 195 220
Lithuanian 1,050 525 530
Moldovan 35 0 20
Polish 15,960 7,450 8,510
Romanian 1,825 780 1,045
Russian 3,755 1,875 1,880
Slovak 1,330 670 660
Ukrainian 9,050 4,260 4,790
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 80 55 25
Southern European origins 42,605 21,430 21,175
Albanian 985 490 500
Bosnian 945 540 410
Croatian 1,925 1,005 920
Cypriot 65 25 40
Greek 4,320 2,210 2,110
Italian 17,080 8,765 8,315
Kosovar 125 55 75
Macedonian 390 165 220
Maltese 1,245 620 625
Montenegrin 50 25 25
Portuguese 10,105 4,855 5,255
Serbian 1,465 785 680
Sicilian 80 40 35
Slovenian 780 350 420
Spanish 4,665 2,440 2,225
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 955 390 565
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,920 1,550 1,375
Basque 40 15 0
Jewish 2,300 1,200 1,100
Roma (Gypsy) 30 0 10
Slavic, n.o.s. 60 30 30
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 490 285 210
Caribbean origins 5,195 2,665 2,535
Antiguan 15 0 10
Bahamian 65 45 15
Barbadian 445 225 220
Bermudan 45 0 0
Carib 70 35 35
Cuban 255 105 155
Dominican 100 40 65
Grenadian 145 75 70
Haitian 90 45 45
Jamaican 2,690 1,455 1,230
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 35 0 20
St. Lucian 25 20 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 960 440 525
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 405 175 230
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 145 80 60
Latin, Central and South American origins 10,800 5,545 5,250
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 165 70 95
Argentinian 180 50 130
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 10 0 10
Brazilian 220 120 100
Chilean 250 135 115
Colombian 4,290 2,260 2,030
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 80 30 45
Guatemalan 315 155 160
Guyanese 665 305 360
Hispanic 130 50 80
Honduran 135 70 70
Maya 70 55 15
Mexican 895 405 490
Nicaraguan 650 395 255
Panamanian 55 25 25
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 125 45 80
Salvadorean 2,345 1,205 1,140
Uruguayan 45 0 0
Venezuelan 265 185 85
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 380 175 200
African origins 7,325 3,745 3,590
Central and West African origins 810 465 345
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 100 35 65
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 175 105 75
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 15 0 20
Ivorian 35 30 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 195 115 80
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 25 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 20 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 155 75 80
North African origins 1,925 925 1,000
Algerian 105 45 60
Berber 15 0 0
Coptic 45 0 35
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 1,045 495 545
Libyan 85 55 25
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 95 40 45
Sudanese 645 305 345
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,295 1,045 1,250
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 50 20 25
Eritrean 570 270 300
Ethiopian 465 200 270
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 115 65 45
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 60 25 35
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 255 130 120
South African 420 180 235
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 105 45 65
Zambian 30 0 0
Zimbabwean 85 40 50
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 155 75 80
Other African origins 2,495 1,410 1,090
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 270 140 130
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,240 1,280 960
Asian origins 41,585 20,225 21,360
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 15,380 7,815 7,565
Afghan 975 470 505
Arab, n.o.s. 1,965 1,105 860
Armenian 230 125 100
Assyrian 565 290 280
Azerbaijani 90 40 50
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 1,425 720 705
Iraqi 1,630 790 840
Israeli 130 65 65
Jordanian 235 125 110
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 800 415 390
Kuwaiti 35 25 0
Lebanese 4,420 2,120 2,300
Palestinian 1,475 810 670
Pashtun 10 0 0
Saudi Arabian 365 170 195
Syrian 1,030 530 500
Tajik 15 0 0
Tatar 30 0 0
Turk 515 280 240
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 70 40 30
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 710 425 280
South Asian origins 8,480 4,035 4,450
Bangladeshi 170 85 90
Bengali 70 30 45
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 6,715 3,205 3,505
Goan 25 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 25 15 0
Nepali 65 40 30
Pakistani 990 470 520
Punjabi 205 100 100
Sinhalese 45 20 20
Sri Lankan 155 65 90
Tamil 145 80 70
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 255 105 150
East and Southeast Asian origins 18,160 8,545 9,620
Burmese 160 75 85
Cambodian (Khmer) 780 375 395
Chinese 8,110 3,795 4,305
Filipino 2,635 1,070 1,565
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 350 175 175
Japanese 660 310 350
Korean 3,095 1,555 1,540
Laotian 175 75 105
Malaysian 130 40 95
Mongolian 40 20 20
Singaporean 30 0 20
Taiwanese 105 40 70
Thai 130 40 90
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,480 1,270 1,215
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 265 155 110
Other Asian origins 70 45 30
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 70 45 25
Oceania origins 610 275 340
Australian 410 165 245
New Zealander 125 65 65
Pacific Islands origins 75 45 30
Fijian 50 0 25
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 360,720 174,800 185,920
Buddhist 2,760 1,310 1,455
Christian 226,615 104,125 122,490
Anglican 27,490 12,095 15,395
Baptist 9,540 4,390 5,150
Catholic 97,285 45,390 51,895
Christian Orthodox 6,535 3,295 3,245
Lutheran 4,420 1,970 2,455
Pentecostal 4,350 1,980 2,370
Presbyterian 10,140 4,535 5,600
United Church 34,185 15,075 19,105
Other Christian 32,665 15,395 17,270
Hindu 2,790 1,315 1,470
Jewish 1,715 815 900
Muslim 15,780 7,980 7,805
Sikh 715 345 370
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 280 170 115
Other religions 2,080 940 1,140
No religious affiliation 107,975 57,800 50,175
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 360,715 174,800 185,920
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 6,845 3,280 3,560
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,030 2,370 2,670
Métis single identity 1,445 695 755
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 35 0 20
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 95 80 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 230 130 105
Non-Aboriginal identity 353,875 171,515 182,355
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 360,715 174,795 185,915
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 3,175 1,615 1,555
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 357,540 173,180 184,365
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 360,715 174,800 185,920
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 10,620 5,090 5,530
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 8,960 4,295 4,665
Métis ancestry 1,540 710 825
Inuit ancestry 180 105 70
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 350,100 169,710 180,390
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 83,350 40,080 43,265
Aboriginal languages 140 70 70
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 45 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 25 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 45 10 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 83,215 40,015 43,200
Italian 4,240 2,110 2,125
Portuguese 5,895 2,700 3,195
Romanian 760 310 450
Spanish 13,045 6,515 6,535
Dutch 2,835 1,190 1,645
Flemish 155 65 95
German 4,865 2,365 2,500
Yiddish 70 20 40
Danish 205 115 85
Norwegian 60 15 45
Swedish 130 65 65
Afrikaans 185 95 90
Gaelic languages 80 60 25
Bosnian 730 375 355
Bulgarian 75 35 40
Croatian 875 445 430
Czech 345 180 165
Macedonian 155 70 90
Polish 6,315 2,870 3,445
Russian 1,770 860 915
Serbian 900 455 440
Serbo-Croatian 400 190 210
Slovak 445 175 275
Slovenian 230 125 105
Ukrainian 1,035 465 565
Latvian 105 35 70
Lithuanian 145 70 80
Greek 2,415 1,290 1,130
Armenian 100 70 35
Albanian 985 475 515
Estonian 105 50 55
Finnish 110 30 85
Hungarian 1,275 615 665
Turkish 175 80 95
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 30 0 25
Somali 195 95 100
Amharic 275 120 155
Arabic 10,145 5,120 5,030
Hebrew 375 210 160
Maltese 255 150 110
Tigrigna 490 215 275
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 675 350 330
Bengali 295 150 150
Gujarati 765 385 380
Hindi 2,215 1,075 1,140
Konkani 20 0 0
Marathi 35 10 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,260 650 615
Sindhi 45 25 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 10 25
Urdu 1,410 730 685
Nepali 160 65 95
Kurdish 1,060 585 475
Pashto 90 50 40
Persian (Farsi) 2,085 1,060 1,020
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 40 20
Kannada 55 30 30
Malayalam 540 285 255
Tamil 375 190 180
Telugu 115 45 70
Japanese 420 205 215
Korean 2,880 1,505 1,380
Cantonese 1,680 805 870
Fukien 15 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,105 1,020 1,080
Taiwanese 75 30 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,555 1,195 1,360
Lao 130 55 75
Thai 150 60 95
Khmer (Cambodian) 730 345 390
Vietnamese 2,110 1,030 1,085
Bisayan languages 80 30 50
Ilocano 110 35 75
Malay 250 120 130
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,520 550 975
Akan (Twi) 95 80 20
Lingala 45 15 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 0 25
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 45 15 25
Swahili 185 85 90
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 155 80 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 70 60
African languages, n.i.e. 125 80 40
Creoles 160 95 60
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,965 885 1,085
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 356,850 172,730 184,120
Non-movers 303,020 146,115 156,900
Movers 53,830 26,610 27,215
Non-migrants 37,615 18,895 18,720
Migrants 16,215 7,720 8,495
Internal migrants 13,125 6,170 6,955
Intraprovincial migrants 11,295 5,280 6,015
Interprovincial migrants 1,835 885 945
External migrants 3,090 1,550 1,540
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 340,780 164,645 176,130
Non-movers 190,270 91,935 98,335
Movers 150,510 72,715 77,800
Non-migrants 99,125 48,310 50,810
Migrants 51,385 24,405 26,985
Internal migrants 38,285 18,005 20,280
Intraprovincial migrants 32,960 15,410 17,550
Interprovincial migrants 5,330 2,595 2,730
External migrants 13,100 6,395 6,705
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 301,435 144,065 157,370
No certificate, diploma or degree 51,205 24,960 26,240
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 83,450 40,040 43,405
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 166,780 79,055 87,720
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 20,825 13,595 7,225
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 66,980 28,765 38,215
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 10,735 4,660 6,075
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 68,240 32,035 36,210
Bachelor's degree 39,985 17,670 22,315
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 28,255 14,365 13,890
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 198,175 95,230 102,950
No certificate, diploma or degree 19,350 10,210 9,135
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 48,875 24,270 24,610
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 129,950 60,745 69,205
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 14,410 9,150 5,260
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 52,680 22,705 29,980
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 7,495 3,355 4,135
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 55,360 25,540 29,825
Bachelor's degree 31,855 14,115 17,745
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 23,500 11,430 12,075
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 301,435 144,065 157,370
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 134,655 65,005 69,650
Education 11,615 3,240 8,380
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,510 3,005 3,500
Humanities 11,475 4,785 6,690
Social and behavioural sciences and law 19,945 6,995 12,950
Business, management and public administration 32,905 13,125 19,785
Physical and life sciences and technologies 6,965 3,520 3,445
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,165 4,730 2,440
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 29,800 27,365 2,440
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,260 1,500 765
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 29,110 6,165 22,950
Personal, protective and transportation services 8,990 4,625 4,365
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 301,435 144,060 157,370
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 134,655 65,005 69,650
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 166,780 79,060 87,720
Location of study inside Canada 141,650 65,820 75,830
Same as province or territory of residence 132,770 61,665 71,100
Another province or territory 8,880 4,150 4,730
Location of study outside Canada 25,125 13,235 11,890
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 206,930 104,275 102,650
Single responses 205,300 103,565 101,735
English 202,995 102,575 100,420
French 1,115 285 830
Non-official languages 1,185 700 490
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 105 45
Cantonese 55 35 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 15 0
Spanish 230 105 125
Korean 95 55 40
German 30 15 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 60 40 15
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 540 330 210
Multiple responses 1,630 710 915
English and French 500 180 325
English and non-official language 1,105 535 575
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 206,935 104,275 102,650
English 203,000 102,580 100,420
French 1,115 285 830
Non-official language 1,190 700 485
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,180 700 490
English and French 505 175 330
English and non-official language 1,105 530 575
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 20
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 301,435 144,060 157,370
In the labour force 196,370 99,600 96,770
Employed 178,675 90,230 88,450
Unemployed 17,690 9,375 8,320
Not in the labour force 105,060 44,460 60,600
Participation rate 65.1 69.1 61.5
Employment rate 59.3 62.6 56.2
Unemployment rate 9.0 9.4 8.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 196,370 99,600 96,770
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,895 3,075 2,825
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 190,470 96,530 93,945
Employee 174,445 86,220 88,225
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 16,025 10,310 5,715
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 196,370 99,600 96,770
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,900 3,070 2,825
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 190,470 96,525 93,945
0 Management occupations 17,675 10,740 6,935
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 30,220 8,940 21,275
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 11,390 8,990 2,405
3 Health occupations 14,660 3,370 11,290
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 25,850 9,180 16,670
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,060 2,335 2,730
6 Sales and service occupations 50,505 22,195 28,305
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 23,000 21,725 1,270
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,845 1,550 295
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 10,265 7,495 2,765
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 196,370 99,600 96,770
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,900 3,075 2,825
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 190,470 96,530 93,945
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 800 480 320
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 195 150 45
22 Utilities 865 670 195
23 Construction 10,235 9,145 1,090
31-33 Manufacturing 20,030 14,810 5,215
41 Wholesale trade 6,410 4,605 1,805
44-45 Retail trade 22,205 10,165 12,040
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 8,305 6,385 1,915
51 Information and cultural industries 3,880 1,940 1,940
52 Finance and insurance 11,355 4,390 6,965
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,835 2,220 1,615
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 11,935 6,645 5,290
55 Management of companies and enterprises 85 50 35
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 10,250 5,545 4,700
61 Educational services 18,735 7,280 11,450
62 Health care and social assistance 26,330 5,310 21,020
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,420 2,320 2,095
72 Accommodation and food services 14,380 6,255 8,130
81 Other services (except public administration) 7,730 3,505 4,220
91 Public administration 8,505 4,640 3,870
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 196,370 99,605 96,770
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,445 5,655 5,795
Worked in 2010 184,920 93,945 90,970
1 to 13 weeks 9,805 4,740 5,065
14 to 26 weeks 15,005 7,620 7,390
27 to 39 weeks 11,140 5,495 5,650
40 to 48 weeks 26,805 13,230 13,575
49 to 52 weeks 122,170 62,875 59,290
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 44.8 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 196,370 99,605 96,770
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,445 5,650 5,795
Worked in 2010 184,920 93,950 90,975
Worked full-time in 2010 141,700 77,655 64,040
Worked part-time in 2010 43,220 16,295 26,930
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 178,680 90,225 88,450
Worked at home 10,515 5,545 4,975
Worked outside Canada 595 465 125
No fixed workplace address 17,150 12,380 4,770
Worked at usual place 150,415 71,835 78,580
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 167,570 84,215 83,350
Car, truck or van - as a driver 127,330 66,270 61,070
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 11,665 4,975 6,685
Public transit 14,520 5,920 8,600
Walked 9,790 4,385 5,410
Bicycle 2,810 2,010 800
Other methods 1,445 655 790
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 167,570 84,215 83,355
Median commuting duration 15.9 20.0 15.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 167,565 84,215 83,350
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 33,130 20,860 12,275
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 95,885 44,635 51,250
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 38,550 18,725 19,830
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 153,630 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 144,650 ... ...
Major repairs needed 8,975 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 153,630 ... ...
1960 or before 40,725 ... ...
1961 to 1980 50,505 ... ...
1981 to 1990 25,965 ... ...
1991 to 2000 17,120 ... ...
2001 to 2005 9,340 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 9,970 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 153,630 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 38,575 ... ...
5 rooms 20,365 ... ...
6 rooms 22,615 ... ...
7 rooms 20,995 ... ...
8 or more rooms 51,075 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 153,630 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 23,960 ... ...
2 bedrooms 38,425 ... ...
3 bedrooms 58,085 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 33,155 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 153,630 ... ...
Owner 96,715 ... ...
Renter 56,920 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 153,630 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 22,590 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 131,040 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 153,630 ... ...
1 household maintainer 93,100 ... ...
2 household maintainers 57,715 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,820 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 153,630 ... ...
Under 25 years 8,240 ... ...
25 to 34 years 24,915 ... ...
35 to 44 years 26,100 ... ...
45 to 54 years 33,190 ... ...
55 to 64 years 27,540 ... ...
65 to 74 years 17,300 ... ...
75 years and over 16,340 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 153,630 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 151,705 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,925 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 153,630 ... ...
Suitable 145,495 ... ...
Not suitable 8,140 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 153,365 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 110,600 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 42,765 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 35,230 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 96,665 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,045 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,119 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 229,634 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 256,613 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 56,900 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 45.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 782 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 822 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 301,435 144,060 157,370
Without income 15,125 7,010 8,110
With income 286,305 137,050 149,255
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 29,765 14,740 15,025
$5,000 to $9,999 21,500 8,445 13,055
$10,000 to $14,999 25,575 10,275 15,295
$15,000 to $19,999 25,885 10,170 15,715
$20,000 to $29,999 42,455 18,210 24,250
$30,000 to $39,999 34,400 15,335 19,070
$40,000 to $49,999 29,795 14,815 14,980
$50,000 to $59,999 21,085 11,080 10,010
$60,000 to $79,999 26,460 15,065 11,395
$80,000 to $99,999 15,240 8,895 6,345
$100,000 and over 14,140 10,020 4,115
$100,000 to $124,999 7,445 4,975 2,465
$125,000 and over 6,695 5,045 1,650
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,478 34,462 25,859
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,229 45,469 33,499
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 301,435 144,060 157,370
Without after-tax income 15,170 7,010 8,160
With after-tax income 286,265 137,050 149,210
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 30,125 14,860 15,265
$5,000 to $9,999 22,195 8,550 13,650
$10,000 to $14,999 26,455 10,555 15,900
$15,000 to $19,999 27,855 11,160 16,700
$20,000 to $29,999 48,540 20,835 27,705
$30,000 to $39,999 42,170 19,940 22,230
$40,000 to $49,999 31,470 16,275 15,195
$50,000 to $59,999 20,275 11,510 8,760
$60,000 to $79,999 23,670 13,760 9,910
$80,000 to $99,999 7,685 5,265 2,415
$100,000 and over 5,820 4,350 1,470
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,320 31,372 24,306
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,263 37,792 29,102
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.1 89.2 82.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.6 75.6 68.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.3 68.8 65.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.3 6.9 3.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.9 3.6 4.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.1 8.8 7.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.2 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.9 10.8 17.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.0 3.5 4.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.9 2.1 4.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.2 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.0 3.9 4.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.2 16.9 13.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.8 83.1 86.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.0 1.2 0.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 103,005 55,895 47,110
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 47,805 51,716 43,727
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 57,112 63,387 49,665
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 100,090 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,448 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,591 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,851 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,703 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 37,115 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,550 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,128 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,608 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,035 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 42,995 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,935 ... ...
Average family income ($) 110,651 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,342 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 92,367 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 17,035 ... ...
Median family income ($) 41,673 ... ...
Average family income ($) 49,400 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 39,465 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,413 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 64,825 29,565 35,255
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,140 25,453 26,554
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,926 36,582 33,537
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,440 23,909 25,052
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,998 30,758 29,360
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 360,715 174,795 185,920
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 186,430 88,290 98,140
In bottom decile 41,565 20,295 21,270
In second decile 37,060 16,630 20,425
In third decile 37,435 17,420 20,015
In fourth decile 35,260 16,760 18,505
In fifth decile 35,105 17,170 17,935
In top half of the Canadian distribution 174,290 86,510 87,780
In sixth decile 35,825 17,490 18,335
In seventh decile 35,340 17,355 17,990
In eighth decile 35,860 17,925 17,930
In ninth decile 34,770 17,220 17,550
In top decile 32,495 16,525 15,975
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 153,630 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,850 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,325 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,935 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,590 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 15,630 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 15,545 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 15,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,965 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 20,825 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 16,300 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,550 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,320 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,285 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 153,630 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,890 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,395 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,115 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,005 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 17,270 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 18,540 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 17,620 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,780 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 23,085 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 15,950 ... ...
$100,000 and over 23,975 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,395 ... ...
$125,000 and over 12,580 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 153,630 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 56,241 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,107 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 50,678 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 61,980 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 47,040 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,453 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,382 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,987 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,509 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 106,590 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 72,887 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 87,992 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,821 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 74,546 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 360,720 174,800 185,920
Less than 18 years 73,045 38,040 35,005
Less than 6 years 23,645 12,060 11,580
18 to 64 years 237,895 115,055 122,845
65 years and over 49,780 21,705 28,070
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 60,310 27,945 32,365
Less than 18 years 15,230 8,085 7,140
Less than 6 years 5,140 2,930 2,210
18 to 64 years 41,150 18,770 22,380
65 years and over 3,930 1,085 2,845
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 16.7 16.0 17.4
Less than 18 years (%) 20.9 21.3 20.4
Less than 6 years (%) 21.7 24.3 19.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.3 16.3 18.2
65 years and over (%) 7.9 5.0 10.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. London, CY, Ontario (Code 3539036) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 26, 2020).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

London, CY, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, London, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 366,151 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 352,395 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 3.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 168,175 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 153,630 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 870.6 ... ...
Land area (square km) 420.57 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 366,150 176,495 189,655
0 to 4 years 19,990 10,290 9,705
5 to 9 years 19,010 9,665 9,345
10 to 14 years 20,365 10,380 9,985
15 to 19 years 24,715 12,675 12,040
15 years 4,450 2,300 2,145
16 years 4,750 2,435 2,315
17 years 4,865 2,485 2,380
18 years 5,100 2,640 2,460
19 years 5,550 2,810 2,735
20 to 24 years 28,920 14,225 14,695
25 to 29 years 26,990 13,180 13,810
30 to 34 years 23,835 11,735 12,095
35 to 39 years 22,530 11,070 11,460
40 to 44 years 24,240 11,875 12,365
45 to 49 years 28,490 13,715 14,780
50 to 54 years 27,835 13,280 14,555
55 to 59 years 24,270 11,440 12,825
60 to 64 years 21,250 10,080 11,170
65 to 69 years 15,540 7,240 8,295
70 to 74 years 11,955 5,450 6,510
75 to 79 years 10,070 4,360 5,710
80 to 84 years 8,030 3,245 4,785
85 years and over 8,110 2,580 5,530
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.3 37.7 40.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.8 82.8 84.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 306,785 146,155 160,625
Married or living with a common-law partner 166,540 83,120 83,425
Married (and not separated) 140,055 69,880 70,175
Living common law 26,485 13,240 13,250
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 140,245 63,035 77,205
Single (never legally married) 91,660 47,845 43,815
Separated 10,620 4,395 6,230
Divorced 20,180 7,445 12,740
Widowed 17,775 3,355 14,420
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 100,185 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 50,505 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 21,850 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 19,355 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 8,480 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 100,185 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 81,600 ... ...
Married couples 68,370 ... ...
Without children at home 30,740 ... ...
With children at home 37,630 ... ...
1 child 14,115 ... ...
2 children 16,330 ... ...
3 or more children 7,190 ... ...
Common-law couples 13,230 ... ...
Without children at home 8,375 ... ...
With children at home 4,855 ... ...
1 child 2,425 ... ...
2 children 1,635 ... ...
3 or more children 795 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 18,585 ... ...
Female parent 15,155 ... ...
1 child 9,065 ... ...
2 children 4,465 ... ...
3 or more children 1,630 ... ...
Male parent 3,430 ... ...
1 child 2,330 ... ...
2 children 850 ... ...
3 or more children 255 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 107,550 ... ...
Under six years of age 23,595 ... ...
6 to 14 years 35,350 ... ...
15 to 17 years 13,555 ... ...
18 to 24 years 23,485 ... ...
25 years and over 11,560 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 360,720 174,360 186,360
Number of persons not in census families 71,385 32,575 38,805
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 6,975 2,855 4,120
Living with non-relatives only 16,895 9,535 7,360
Living alone 47,515 20,185 27,325
Number of census family persons 289,330 141,780 147,555
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 49,925 21,780 28,145
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 17,675 4,605 13,065
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,900 375 1,525
Living with non-relatives only 845 400 445
Living alone 14,930 3,835 11,095
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 32,250 17,175 15,075
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 153,630 ... ...
Census-family households 98,300 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 91,110 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 75,860 ... ...
Without children 36,425 ... ...
With children 39,435 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 15,250 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 7,185 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 5,360 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,315 ... ...
Without children 1,320 ... ...
With children 2,000 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,045 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,825 ... ...
Non-census-family households 55,335 ... ...
One-person households 47,515 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 7,820 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 153,630 ... ...
Single-detached house 77,865 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 30,935 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 160 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 44,675 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,860 ... ...
Row house 19,085 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,965 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 15,615 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 153,630 ... ...
1 person 47,515 ... ...
2 persons 51,955 ... ...
3 persons 23,115 ... ...
4 persons 20,300 ... ...
5 persons 7,420 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,320 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 360,715 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 362,260 174,970 187,295
  Single responses  356,430 172,155 184,275
    English  281,995 136,650 145,340
    French  4,780 2,110 2,670
    Non-official languages  69,650 33,395 36,260
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 40 15 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  25 10 15
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 69,070 33,115 35,950
        African languages, n.i.e 215 105 110
        Afrikaans  70 35 35
        Akan (Twi)  60 30 25
        Albanian  910 455 450
        Amharic  245 125 120
        Arabic  7,705 3,985 3,720
        Armenian  85 45 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 50 50
        Bengali  370 205 170
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  55 15 40
        Bosnian  660 340 325
        Bulgarian  75 30 40
        Burmese  20 10 5
        Cantonese  1,135 545 590
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,890 1,315 1,580
        Creoles  40 20 25
        Croatian  825 420 410
        Czech  380 180 195
        Danish  200 100 95
        Dutch  2,325 1,000 1,320
        Estonian  60 20 40
        Finnish  105 50 50
        Flemish  155 65 90
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  2,845 1,225 1,620
        Greek  1,805 900 905
        Gujarati  465 240 225
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  95 55 40
        Hindi  635 315 320
        Hungarian  1,185 555 630
        Ilocano  80 30 50
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Italian  3,180 1,600 1,580
        Japanese  195 75 120
        Khmer (Cambodian)  765 370 400
        Korean  2,475 1,200 1,270
        Kurdish  830 440 390
        Lao  105 40 60
        Latvian  85 35 50
        Lingala  5 0 5
        Lithuanian  160 60 100
        Macedonian  80 30 50
        Malay  120 60 65
        Malayalam  260 135 125
        Maltese  225 115 115
        Mandarin  1,390 650 740
        Marathi  45 25 25
        Nepali  135 70 65
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 100 50 55
        Norwegian  30 15 15
        Oromo  30 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  755 395 355
        Pashto  90 45 45
        Persian (Farsi)  1,665 860 800
        Polish  5,640 2,605 3,035
        Portuguese  4,590 2,180 2,410
        Romanian  840 365 475
        Rundi (Kirundi)  45 20 25
        Russian  1,170 530 645
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 5 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 915 455 460
        Serbian  860 440 415
        Serbo-Croatian  315 150 165
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 25
        Sindhi  50 30 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  80 40 45
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 210 100 105
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 65 30 35
        Slovak  325 150 175
        Slovenian  205 80 125
        Somali  240 115 135
        Spanish  8,890 4,230 4,660
        Swahili  80 40 40
        Swedish  60 30 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,195 420 770
        Taiwanese  40 15 20
        Tamil  245 130 115
        Telugu  90 45 45
        Thai  50 20 30
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  240 115 125
        Turkish  295 170 125
        Ukrainian  880 405 480
        Urdu  1,155 585 570
        Vietnamese  1,600 760 840
        Yiddish  30 15 15
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 545 255 290
  Multiple responses          5,835 2,815 3,025
    English and French  870 380 485
    English and non-official language  4,480 2,215 2,265
    French and non-official language  305 140 170
    English, French and non-official language 180 85 100
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 362,260 174,970 187,295
  English only 331,035 161,845 169,190
  French only 235 120 115
  English and French 26,360 11,240 15,120
  Neither English nor French 4,640 1,765 2,875
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 362,265 174,970 187,295
  English 351,170 170,260 180,905
  French 4,755 2,130 2,625
  English and French 1,845 880 960
  Neither English nor French 4,495 1,695 2,800
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 5,675 2,570 3,105
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.6 1.5 1.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 362,265 174,970 187,295
  Single responses 350,660 169,350 181,305
    English 314,010 151,850 162,160
    French 1,460 675 785
    Non-official languages 35,190 16,830 18,360
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 5 5
        Oji-Cree 0 5 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 34,975 16,720 18,260
        African languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35
        Afrikaans 30 20 10
        Akan (Twi) 15 10 5
        Albanian 515 250 260
        Amharic 135 65 70
        Arabic 4,425 2,210 2,215
        Armenian 25 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Bengali 245 135 115
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 0 0
        Bosnian 365 180 185
        Bulgarian 35 15 20
        Burmese 5 5 0
        Cantonese 695 335 360
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,895 895 1,010
        Creoles 5 5 5
        Croatian 330 155 175
        Czech 115 55 60
        Danish 15 10 5
        Dutch 115 45 70
        Estonian 5 0 0
        Finnish 5 5 0
        Flemish 10 5 5
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 360 145 210
        Greek 750 360 390
        Gujarati 260 135 125
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 30 20 15
        Hindi 290 140 150
        Hungarian 370 180 190
        Ilocano 20 15 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Italian 870 395 475
        Japanese 95 45 50
        Khmer (Cambodian) 445 205 240
        Korean 1,930 920 1,005
        Kurdish 525 275 250
        Lao 45 20 25
        Latvian 10 10 10
        Lingala 5 5 0
        Lithuanian 45 15 30
        Macedonian 35 15 20
        Malay 30 15 15
        Malayalam 130 65 60
        Maltese 30 15 15
        Mandarin 1,040 495 550
        Marathi 20 10 5
        Nepali 120 55 60
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 15 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 405 200 210
        Pashto 80 40 40
        Persian (Farsi) 1,125 565 560
        Polish 2,795 1,310 1,485
        Portuguese 1,920 890 1,025
        Romanian 410 200 210
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5
        Russian 590 285 310
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 630 305 330
        Serbian 505 255 245
        Serbo-Croatian 155 75 80
        Shanghainese 5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35
        Sindhi 20 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 95
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slovak 115 55 60
        Slovenian 40 15 20
        Somali 180 75 100
        Spanish 5,945 2,775 3,170
        Swahili 40 20 20
        Swedish 10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 195 280
        Taiwanese 20 10 10
        Tamil 120 60 60
        Telugu 45 20 25
        Thai 25 10 10
        Tibetan languages 0 5 0
        Tigrigna 110 50 60
        Turkish 185 105 85
        Ukrainian 300 125 175
        Urdu 675 330 345
        Vietnamese 1,120 530 590
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 205 105 95
  Multiple responses         11,605 5,620 5,990
    English and French 495 220 275
    English and non-official language 10,775 5,245 5,530
    French and non-official language 85 40 40
    English, French and non-official language 245 100 145
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 362,265 174,970 187,295
  None 318,330 153,935 164,395
  Single responses  42,985 20,595 22,390
    English  16,215 7,995 8,220
    French  3,930 1,610 2,315
    Non-official languages  22,835 10,985 11,855
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 65 20 40
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 0 5
        Dene  5 5 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  50 15 35
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 22,395 10,800 11,590
        African languages, n.i.e 110 50 55
        Afrikaans  30 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  45 25 20
        Albanian  250 130 120
        Amharic  95 50 45
        Arabic  2,850 1,505 1,345
        Armenian  25 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 25 35
        Bengali  90 45 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 10 15
        Bosnian  200 105 95
        Bulgarian  25 5 20
        Burmese  15 10 5
        Cantonese  335 165 165
        Chinese, n.o.s.  645 285 360
        Creoles  45 15 25
        Croatian  300 145 155
        Czech  125 55 75
        Danish  50 15 30
        Dutch  705 305 400
        Estonian  25 10 15
        Finnish  30 15 15
        Flemish  20 10 10
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  1,055 445 605
        Greek  985 510 470
        Gujarati  120 60 60
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  85 50 35
        Hindi  395 200 195
        Hungarian  380 170 210
        Ilocano  30 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  1,270 620 650
        Japanese  105 45 60
        Khmer (Cambodian)  250 135 125
        Korean  365 190 175
        Kurdish  185 100 85
        Lao  45 25 25
        Latvian  25 5 20
        Lingala  15 10 10
        Lithuanian  55 20 30
        Macedonian  25 10 15
        Malay  45 20 25
        Malayalam  100 50 50
        Maltese  75 40 40
        Mandarin  315 145 165
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 75 40 35
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  10 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  250 135 110
        Pashto  10 10 0
        Persian (Farsi)  380 190 190
        Polish  1,625 755 870
        Portuguese  1,935 935 1,000
        Romanian  270 105 160
        Rundi (Kirundi)  30 15 20
        Russian  355 160 195
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 180 90 90
        Serbian  230 110 125
        Serbo-Croatian  60 30 30
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 85 30 55
        Sindhi  25 15 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Slovak  95 40 55
        Slovenian  80 30 50
        Somali  80 40 40
        Spanish  2,545 1,265 1,285
        Swahili  50 20 30
        Swedish  30 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  410 135 280
        Taiwanese  10 0 5
        Tamil  105 55 50
        Telugu  25 15 15
        Thai  20 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  90 40 45
        Turkish  90 55 35
        Ukrainian  275 120 155
        Urdu  440 220 220
        Vietnamese  385 185 200
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 380 160 220
  Multiple responses          945 440 505
    English and French  190 90 105
    English and non-official language  250 115 130
    French and non-official language  500 230 270
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. London, CY, Ontario (Code 3539036) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 26, 2020).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: London, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: London, CY, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: London, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, London, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario