NHS Profile, Niagara West - Glanbrook, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Niagara West - Glanbrook, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara West - Glanbrook
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 120,820 59,770 61,055
Canadian citizens 118,305 58,670 59,635
Canadian citizens aged under 18 27,545 14,115 13,425
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 90,765 44,550 46,210
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,520 1,100 1,420
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 120,825 59,770 61,055
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 101,100 49,965 51,140
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 19,455 9,700 9,755
Before 1971 9,255 4,655 4,595
1971 to 1980 3,100 1,605 1,495
1981 to 1990 2,380 1,180 1,205
1991 to 2000 2,665 1,380 1,290
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,055 885 1,175
2001 to 2005 1,090 485 605
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 970 400 570
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 270 110 160
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 19,455 9,700 9,755
Under 5 years 3,025 1,500 1,530
5 to 14 years 4,485 2,415 2,065
15 to 24 years 5,285 2,420 2,865
25 to 44 years 5,975 3,055 2,925
45 years and over 690 315 375
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 120,825 59,770 61,055
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 101,105 49,965 51,140
Born in province of residence 93,915 46,425 47,485
Born outside province of residence 7,185 3,535 3,650
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 19,455 9,695 9,755
Americas 2,070 890 1,175
United States 1,010 350 660
Jamaica 235 115 125
Guyana 70 30 40
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 100 45 50
Trinidad and Tobago 115 65 50
Colombia 80 35 45
El Salvador 105 50 50
Peru 15 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 325 190 135
Europe 14,155 7,225 6,935
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 4,235 2,190 2,045
Italy 1,490 825 665
Germany 1,185 560 625
Poland 1,300 615 680
Portugal 620 345 275
Netherlands 1,960 1,040 920
France 85 70 15
Romania 115 50 60
Russian Federation 100 30 70
Greece 165 95 70
Ukraine 170 90 90
Croatia 855 460 400
Hungary 150 55 90
Bosnia and Herzegovina 385 205 180
Serbia 215 80 130
Ireland, Republic of 180 90 90
Other places of birth in Europe 945 420 520
Africa 510 295 215
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 65 45 20
South Africa, Republic of 110 45 65
Nigeria 35 25 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 280 170 110
Asia 2,620 1,255 1,360
India 565 270 295
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 145 65 80
Philippines 280 95 185
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 65 25 45
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 200 105 90
Pakistan 430 200 230
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30 25 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 115 70 45
Lebanon 45 25 20
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 335 180 155
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 25 15 15
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 40 20 0
Other places of birth in Asia 305 150 160
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 100 30 75
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 90 25 65
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 270 110 155
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 970 400 570
Americas 310 120 190
United States 150 55 100
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 50 0 50
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 50 20 30
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 35 30 0
Europe 320 140 180
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 70 45 25
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 115 50 65
Other places of birth in Europe 85 30 50
Africa 60 30 30
Nigeria 15 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 40 15 25
Asia 280 105 170
Philippines 50 0 55
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 20 15 0
India 65 25 35
Pakistan 40 0 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 55 35 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 10 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 120,825 59,770 61,050
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 19,905 9,920 9,985
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 30,140 14,885 15,255
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 70,775 34,970 35,810
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 120,825 59,770 61,055
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 6,715 3,280 3,440
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,835 830 1,010
Chinese 530 230 295
Black 1,320 685 635
Filipino 480 190 285
Latin American 560 300 260
Arab 625 340 285
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 550 280 270
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 290 140 155
Korean 145 80 60
Japanese 120 60 60
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 140 75 65
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 120 70 50
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 114,110 56,490 57,615
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 120,825 59,770 61,055
North American Aboriginal origins 2,480 1,220 1,255
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,835 955 880
Inuit 90 45 45
Métis 585 240 345
Other North American origins 34,170 16,930 17,240
Acadian 185 70 115
American 1,225 545 680
Canadian 33,075 16,430 16,645
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 50 25 30
Nova Scotian 15 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 10 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 100,860 49,855 51,010
British Isles origins 58,330 28,250 30,075
Channel Islander 10 10 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 35,685 17,015 18,665
Irish 19,745 9,385 10,360
Manx 15 0 0
Scottish 24,595 11,935 12,660
Welsh 2,340 1,150 1,190
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,425 1,760 1,665
French origins 10,035 4,910 5,125
Alsatian 15 10 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 10,030 4,905 5,120
Western European origins (except French origins) 29,900 14,640 15,260
Austrian 990 535 455
Belgian 290 125 160
Dutch 16,045 7,990 8,055
Flemish 105 65 40
Frisian 95 45 55
German 13,950 6,635 7,320
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 585 285 295
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,350 1,185 1,165
Danish 675 345 330
Finnish 305 155 150
Icelandic 35 0 25
Norwegian 670 325 345
Swedish 740 385 355
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 50 25 25
Eastern European origins 17,220 8,530 8,695
Bulgarian 100 30 70
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 415 175 235
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 180 90 90
Estonian 180 85 90
Hungarian 3,170 1,535 1,640
Latvian 170 80 95
Lithuanian 305 185 115
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 6,995 3,390 3,605
Romanian 955 475 480
Russian 1,240 625 615
Slovak 550 300 245
Ukrainian 5,305 2,685 2,620
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 21,815 11,275 10,540
Albanian 60 25 35
Bosnian 225 130 100
Croatian 2,205 1,220 985
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 735 390 345
Italian 14,110 7,405 6,710
Kosovar 20 0 0
Macedonian 255 95 160
Maltese 180 95 85
Montenegrin 40 0 0
Portuguese 2,230 1,055 1,180
Serbian 980 485 500
Sicilian 45 25 20
Slovenian 670 325 340
Spanish 700 380 325
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 360 155 205
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 10 0 0
Other European origins 545 200 345
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 300 100 195
Roma (Gypsy) 55 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 190 75 110
Caribbean origins 1,000 560 445
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 110 85 25
Bermudan 20 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 35 30 0
Dominican 35 25 0
Grenadian 20 10 0
Haitian 30 25 0
Jamaican 545 260 285
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 95 50 45
Vincentian/Grenadinian 25 15 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 110 80 35
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 15 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 950 465 485
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 15 0 0
Argentinian 20 15 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 35 20 15
Chilean 15 0 0
Colombian 85 40 55
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 60 0 0
Guatemalan 30 0 30
Guyanese 135 50 85
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 220 110 110
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 40 30 0
Salvadorean 160 90 65
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 55 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 70 0 0
African origins 1,040 525 520
Central and West African origins 150 65 85
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 110 50 55
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 280 155 120
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 30 20 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 125 65 65
Libyan 60 25 35
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 85 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 245 105 140
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 15 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 20 10 0
South African 65 25 40
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 40 0 45
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 50 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 380 195 180
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 65 45 20
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 315 155 160
Asian origins 5,270 2,470 2,795
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,360 680 675
Afghan 35 20 15
Arab, n.o.s. 175 95 85
Armenian 95 45 50
Assyrian 170 80 85
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 40 25 20
Iraqi 325 165 160
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 35 0 20
Kuwaiti 70 0 0
Lebanese 255 120 135
Palestinian 20 15 10
Pashtun 20 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 20 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 10 0 0
Turk 165 100 65
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 60 40 20
South Asian origins 1,955 895 1,060
Bangladeshi 25 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,415 660 755
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 540 250 295
Punjabi 60 20 35
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 35 0 0
Tamil 15 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 80 25 55
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,060 930 1,130
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 100 65 40
Chinese 700 325 375
Filipino 525 225 300
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 130 25 110
Japanese 155 75 85
Korean 145 80 60
Laotian 25 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 310 135 175
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 315 175 145
Australian 125 75 50
New Zealander 175 95 85
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 120,825 59,770 61,055
Buddhist 370 115 250
Christian 92,125 44,600 47,525
Anglican 10,245 4,710 5,540
Baptist 2,160 1,050 1,110
Catholic 38,615 19,150 19,465
Christian Orthodox 2,225 1,115 1,110
Lutheran 1,350 640 715
Pentecostal 1,525 720 805
Presbyterian 3,380 1,670 1,705
United Church 11,605 5,330 6,275
Other Christian 21,010 10,210 10,795
Hindu 460 230 235
Jewish 210 75 130
Muslim 1,430 705 720
Sikh 345 155 185
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 85 0 40
Other religions 265 120 145
No religious affiliation 25,545 13,725 11,820
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 120,825 59,770 61,055
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,425 725 700
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 905 510 395
Métis single identity 455 190 265
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 20 10 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 45 15 30
Non-Aboriginal identity 119,405 59,045 60,350
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 120,825 59,770 61,050
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 445 225 220
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 120,380 59,545 60,830
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 120,825 59,770 61,050
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,480 1,225 1,260
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,835 955 880
Métis ancestry 590 240 345
Inuit ancestry 85 40 45
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 118,345 58,545 59,795
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 20,765 10,115 10,655
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,765 10,110 10,655
Italian 3,810 2,065 1,740
Portuguese 1,155 585 575
Romanian 120 55 70
Spanish 1,185 540 645
Dutch 2,755 1,275 1,480
Flemish 25 0 0
German 2,300 1,060 1,245
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 65 35 30
Norwegian 50 0 0
Swedish 80 0 70
Afrikaans 75 35 45
Gaelic languages 50 30 15
Bosnian 100 50 55
Bulgarian 20 0 0
Croatian 1,100 605 500
Czech 140 70 70
Macedonian 125 60 65
Polish 1,935 935 995
Russian 210 70 145
Serbian 960 420 540
Serbo-Croatian 80 35 40
Slovak 85 45 40
Slovenian 175 85 90
Ukrainian 470 215 255
Latvian 40 25 20
Lithuanian 50 30 15
Greek 400 215 180
Armenian 20 0 0
Albanian 50 15 35
Estonian 25 10 0
Finnish 35 10 20
Hungarian 400 190 210
Turkish 100 50 55
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 15 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 685 385 305
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 30 0 20
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95
Bengali 40 0 25
Gujarati 120 55 65
Hindi 255 135 120
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 575 250 320
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 515 230 285
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 45 20 20
Pashto 25 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 65 35 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 50 25 25
Tamil 35 20 15
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 45 15 30
Korean 135 75 60
Cantonese 130 45 80
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 115 65 50
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 65 70
Lao 15 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 40 0
Vietnamese 275 125 155
Bisayan languages 15 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 20 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 260 70 190
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 60 25 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 45 30 15
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 205 85 115
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 119,195 59,165 60,025
Non-movers 109,530 54,425 55,100
Movers 9,665 4,745 4,920
Non-migrants 4,380 2,140 2,240
Migrants 5,285 2,605 2,680
Internal migrants 4,970 2,485 2,490
Intraprovincial migrants 4,620 2,335 2,280
Interprovincial migrants 350 145 205
External migrants 320 120 195
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 113,710 56,280 57,425
Non-movers 78,840 39,460 39,380
Movers 34,865 16,825 18,045
Non-migrants 16,260 7,695 8,565
Migrants 18,600 9,130 9,475
Internal migrants 17,385 8,580 8,805
Intraprovincial migrants 16,260 8,040 8,220
Interprovincial migrants 1,125 535 590
External migrants 1,215 545 665
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 98,315 48,135 50,180
No certificate, diploma or degree 16,980 8,500 8,475
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 27,060 12,615 14,445
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 54,275 27,015 27,260
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,535 6,960 2,575
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 24,130 10,910 13,225
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,260 1,605 1,655
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,345 7,545 9,795
Bachelor's degree 11,040 4,810 6,235
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,305 2,735 3,565
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 64,065 31,360 32,705
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,650 3,330 2,320
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,485 7,675 8,805
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 41,925 20,355 21,570
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,560 4,685 1,870
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 19,080 8,750 10,330
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,130 1,015 1,115
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 14,160 5,910 8,255
Bachelor's degree 9,030 3,825 5,205
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,130 2,080 3,050
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 98,310 48,135 50,180
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 44,040 21,120 22,925
Education 4,605 1,140 3,465
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,595 890 705
Humanities 2,565 1,020 1,550
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,075 1,685 3,390
Business, management and public administration 10,265 3,975 6,290
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,655 875 780
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,400 795 600
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 13,275 12,495 780
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,330 955 380
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 8,870 1,305 7,570
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,625 1,875 1,755
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 98,310 48,135 50,180
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 44,045 21,120 22,920
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 54,275 27,015 27,255
Location of study inside Canada 47,805 23,825 23,985
Same as province or territory of residence 45,820 22,825 22,995
Another province or territory 1,990 1,000 990
Location of study outside Canada 6,465 3,190 3,275
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 69,695 36,480 33,215
Single responses 69,460 36,400 33,055
English 68,995 36,280 32,720
French 305 80 225
Non-official languages 155 40 115
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 25 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 20 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 95 20 80
Multiple responses 235 80 150
English and French 85 0 80
English and non-official language 145 75 75
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 69,695 36,480 33,215
English 69,000 36,280 32,720
French 305 80 225
Non-official language 155 40 115
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 155 40 115
English and French 85 0 80
English and non-official language 145 70 70
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 98,315 48,135 50,180
In the labour force 65,560 34,485 31,075
Employed 61,545 32,410 29,140
Unemployed 4,010 2,080 1,935
Not in the labour force 32,760 13,650 19,105
Participation rate 66.7 71.6 61.9
Employment rate 62.6 67.3 58.1
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.0 6.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 65,555 34,480 31,070
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,175 650 530
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,380 33,835 30,550
Employee 57,380 29,115 28,260
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,000 4,720 2,285
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 65,555 34,485 31,070
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,180 650 530
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,380 33,830 30,550
0 Management occupations 8,265 5,290 2,970
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,980 2,590 7,395
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,710 2,960 745
3 Health occupations 4,615 685 3,935
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,510 2,360 5,145
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,535 655 880
6 Sales and service occupations 12,915 5,475 7,445
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 11,110 10,420 685
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,930 1,250 685
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,820 2,150 670
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 65,560 34,480 31,075
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,180 650 525
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,380 33,835 30,550
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,655 1,610 1,045
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 100 85 0
22 Utilities 590 455 135
23 Construction 5,285 4,845 440
31-33 Manufacturing 8,290 6,355 1,930
41 Wholesale trade 3,410 2,365 1,050
44-45 Retail trade 6,945 3,125 3,815
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,230 2,240 985
51 Information and cultural industries 1,075 520 555
52 Finance and insurance 2,435 915 1,520
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,060 610 455
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,070 1,610 1,465
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 25 15
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,265 1,420 850
61 Educational services 5,485 1,475 4,010
62 Health care and social assistance 7,700 1,070 6,630
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,030 535 500
72 Accommodation and food services 3,140 1,110 2,035
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,820 1,340 1,475
91 Public administration 3,755 2,130 1,630
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 65,560 34,485 31,070
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,655 1,350 1,305
Worked in 2010 62,905 33,140 29,765
1 to 13 weeks 2,705 1,195 1,510
14 to 26 weeks 4,660 2,380 2,280
27 to 39 weeks 3,490 1,800 1,690
40 to 48 weeks 9,020 4,790 4,230
49 to 52 weeks 43,025 22,970 20,055
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.4 45.8 45.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 65,555 34,480 31,075
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,655 1,350 1,310
Worked in 2010 62,905 33,140 29,765
Worked full-time in 2010 49,140 28,380 20,760
Worked part-time in 2010 13,765 4,760 9,005
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 61,545 32,405 29,140
Worked at home 5,130 2,740 2,390
Worked outside Canada 265 195 65
No fixed workplace address 7,155 5,370 1,785
Worked at usual place 48,990 24,100 24,895
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 56,145 29,465 26,680
Car, truck or van - as a driver 49,925 26,600 23,320
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,825 1,285 1,540
Public transit 1,085 450 630
Walked 1,635 715 920
Bicycle 235 195 40
Other methods 455 225 225
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 56,145 29,470 26,680
Median commuting duration 20.8 25.3 20.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 56,150 29,465 26,675
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 15,865 11,465 4,400
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 30,475 13,310 17,165
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,805 4,695 5,115
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 43,795 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 41,930 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,860 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 43,795 ... ...
1960 or before 9,710 ... ...
1961 to 1980 10,070 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,860 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,305 ... ...
2001 to 2005 5,245 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 5,610 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 43,795 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 4,185 ... ...
5 rooms 5,450 ... ...
6 rooms 8,005 ... ...
7 rooms 7,760 ... ...
8 or more rooms 18,395 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 43,790 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 2,135 ... ...
2 bedrooms 7,280 ... ...
3 bedrooms 22,030 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,345 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 43,795 ... ...
Owner 38,895 ... ...
Renter 4,895 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 43,795 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,640 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 39,155 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 43,790 ... ...
1 household maintainer 22,385 ... ...
2 household maintainers 20,880 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 530 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 43,795 ... ...
Under 25 years 445 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,960 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,120 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,415 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,720 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,935 ... ...
75 years and over 5,190 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 43,795 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 43,525 ... ...
More than one person per room 270 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 43,795 ... ...
Suitable 42,170 ... ...
Not suitable 1,625 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 42,875 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 34,385 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 8,500 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,235 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 38,055 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,197 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,252 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 300,114 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 334,177 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,835 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 851 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 900 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 98,315 48,135 50,180
Without income 4,535 1,660 2,875
With income 93,780 46,470 47,305
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,300 3,905 4,390
$5,000 to $9,999 6,845 2,605 4,240
$10,000 to $14,999 7,185 2,375 4,805
$15,000 to $19,999 6,825 2,550 4,280
$20,000 to $29,999 12,410 4,850 7,565
$30,000 to $39,999 10,390 4,490 5,905
$40,000 to $49,999 10,005 5,125 4,875
$50,000 to $59,999 8,055 4,445 3,610
$60,000 to $79,999 11,350 7,430 3,920
$80,000 to $99,999 6,610 4,230 2,385
$100,000 and over 5,800 4,455 1,340
$100,000 to $124,999 3,090 2,275 815
$125,000 and over 2,710 2,185 525
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,040 44,188 27,407
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 43,913 53,170 34,817
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 98,315 48,130 50,180
Without after-tax income 4,555 1,660 2,890
With after-tax income 93,760 46,475 47,290
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,640 4,015 4,625
$5,000 to $9,999 6,830 2,530 4,295
$10,000 to $14,999 7,560 2,470 5,090
$15,000 to $19,999 7,325 2,790 4,535
$20,000 to $29,999 14,330 5,600 8,730
$30,000 to $39,999 13,120 6,295 6,825
$40,000 to $49,999 11,500 6,335 5,165
$50,000 to $59,999 8,480 5,310 3,170
$60,000 to $79,999 10,475 6,935 3,540
$80,000 to $99,999 3,320 2,415 910
$100,000 and over 2,180 1,780 405
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,687 39,169 25,368
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 36,736 43,537 30,052
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.2 90.9 84.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.6 77.1 70.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.1 71.9 67.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.5 5.2 3.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.9 3.8 4.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.3 8.8 7.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.2 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.7 9.1 15.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.9 3.3 4.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.8 2.1 3.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 0.9 2.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.5 2.6 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.4 18.1 13.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.6 81.9 86.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.1 2.4 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 36,635 20,835 15,795
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 53,881 62,287 45,110
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 60,853 68,387 50,914
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 35,565 ... ...
Median family income ($) 91,698 ... ...
Average family income ($) 103,853 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,588 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,742 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 13,460 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,836 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,220 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,097 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 76,062 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 18,025 ... ...
Median family income ($) 112,465 ... ...
Average family income ($) 120,815 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 94,856 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 100,467 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,290 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,460 ... ...
Average family income ($) 64,299 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,031 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,889 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 9,360 4,025 5,335
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,874 40,513 32,935
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 45,345 53,115 39,486
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,553 35,948 30,522
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 38,395 43,350 34,660
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 120,820 59,770 61,055
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 43,855 21,130 22,730
In bottom decile 5,515 2,810 2,710
In second decile 6,435 2,925 3,515
In third decile 8,725 4,110 4,605
In fourth decile 11,610 5,715 5,890
In fifth decile 11,575 5,565 6,010
In top half of the Canadian distribution 76,970 38,640 38,330
In sixth decile 14,440 7,070 7,370
In seventh decile 15,835 7,865 7,970
In eighth decile 16,230 8,210 8,015
In ninth decile 16,760 8,405 8,355
In top decile 13,705 7,085 6,620
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 43,795 ... ...
Under $5,000 615 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,510 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,150 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,285 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,355 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,975 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,665 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,995 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,170 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,120 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 43,795 ... ...
Under $5,000 635 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,155 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,850 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,570 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,065 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,385 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,125 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,685 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,400 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,560 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,840 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 43,795 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 80,296 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 94,033 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 69,702 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 78,651 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 7,820 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 37,179 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 47,280 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 33,594 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,893 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 35,975 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 91,970 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 104,194 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 78,768 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 87,075 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 120,825 59,770 61,055
Less than 18 years 27,845 14,225 13,620
Less than 6 years 8,580 4,370 4,210
18 to 64 years 74,740 36,875 37,860
65 years and over 18,240 8,670 9,565
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 8,560 4,125 4,435
Less than 18 years 2,450 1,310 1,145
Less than 6 years 860 555 305
18 to 64 years 5,370 2,600 2,770
65 years and over 740 215 530
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 7.1 6.9 7.3
Less than 18 years (%) 8.8 9.2 8.4
Less than 6 years (%) 10.0 12.7 7.2
18 to 64 years (%) 7.2 7.1 7.3
65 years and over (%) 4.1 2.5 5.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Niagara West - Glanbrook, Ontario (Code 35055) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Niagara West - Glanbrook, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Niagara West - Glanbrook, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara West - Glanbrook
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 122,134 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 111,024 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 10.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 44,662 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,692 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 120.2 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,016.47 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 122,130 59,870 62,265
0 to 4 years 7,070 3,605 3,470
5 to 9 years 7,265 3,745 3,520
10 to 14 years 7,890 3,935 3,955
15 to 19 years 8,695 4,445 4,245
15 years 1,730 890 840
16 years 1,690 865 825
17 years 1,755 880 875
18 years 1,770 910 860
19 years 1,760 905 855
20 to 24 years 7,270 3,810 3,455
25 to 29 years 6,020 2,955 3,070
30 to 34 years 6,820 3,280 3,540
35 to 39 years 7,645 3,700 3,950
40 to 44 years 8,505 4,150 4,355
45 to 49 years 9,875 4,790 5,090
50 to 54 years 9,430 4,615 4,815
55 to 59 years 8,460 4,120 4,335
60 to 64 years 7,675 3,785 3,885
65 to 69 years 6,060 2,975 3,085
70 to 74 years 4,535 2,210 2,325
75 to 79 years 3,775 1,780 1,995
80 to 84 years 2,655 1,160 1,495
85 years and over 2,480 800 1,680
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.4 40.6 42.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.8 81.2 82.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 99,905 48,585 51,315
Married or living with a common-law partner 65,080 32,545 32,540
Married (and not separated) 59,025 29,520 29,505
Living common law 6,060 3,025 3,030
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 34,825 16,045 18,780
Single (never legally married) 22,760 12,305 10,455
Separated 2,430 1,055 1,370
Divorced 3,970 1,550 2,425
Widowed 5,660 1,135 4,525
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 36,120 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 16,730 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,275 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,265 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,845 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 36,120 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 32,105 ... ...
Married couples 29,085 ... ...
Without children at home 12,755 ... ...
With children at home 16,330 ... ...
1 child 5,390 ... ...
2 children 7,390 ... ...
3 or more children 3,555 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,015 ... ...
Without children at home 1,775 ... ...
With children at home 1,245 ... ...
1 child 585 ... ...
2 children 465 ... ...
3 or more children 200 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,015 ... ...
Female parent 3,100 ... ...
1 child 1,645 ... ...
2 children 1,025 ... ...
3 or more children 425 ... ...
Male parent 920 ... ...
1 child 560 ... ...
2 children 275 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 40,860 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,450 ... ...
6 to 14 years 13,580 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,040 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,540 ... ...
25 years and over 4,250 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 120,320 59,160 61,155
Number of persons not in census families 11,235 4,690 6,550
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,885 715 1,170
Living with non-relatives only 1,585 855 730
Living alone 7,770 3,120 4,650
Number of census family persons 109,080 54,475 54,610
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 18,225 8,580 9,645
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,685 1,215 3,470
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 815 195 620
Living with non-relatives only 180 85 100
Living alone 3,690 930 2,755
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 13,535 7,360 6,175
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 43,695 ... ...
Census-family households 35,260 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 32,735 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 29,565 ... ...
Without children 13,330 ... ...
With children 16,235 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,165 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,525 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,690 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,255 ... ...
Without children 440 ... ...
With children 810 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 440 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 835 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,430 ... ...
One-person households 7,770 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 665 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 43,690 ... ...
Single-detached house 32,980 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 425 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 10,280 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,555 ... ...
Row house 6,050 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 650 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,885 ... ...
Other single-attached house 130 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 43,690 ... ...
1 person 7,770 ... ...
2 persons 15,555 ... ...
3 persons 7,275 ... ...
4 persons 8,235 ... ...
5 persons 3,245 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,605 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 120,315 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.8 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 120,920 59,460 61,460
  Single responses  119,375 58,760 60,615
    English  100,650 49,600 51,050
    French  1,675 750 925
    Non-official languages  17,055 8,410 8,640
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 16,955 8,365 8,585
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  35 20 15
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  90 40 45
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  390 210 185
        Armenian  20 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Bengali  20 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5
        Bosnian  90 45 40
        Bulgarian  5 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  85 40 50
        Chinese, n.o.s.  145 70 75
        Creoles  10 0 5
        Croatian  880 450 425
        Czech  105 45 65
        Danish  65 30 35
        Dutch  2,405 1,175 1,230
        Estonian  30 10 15
        Finnish  45 20 30
        Flemish  20 10 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  1,575 730 835
        Greek  320 170 155
        Gujarati  100 50 55
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  80 40 40
        Hungarian  450 225 225
        Ilocano  5 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Italian  2,520 1,335 1,185
        Japanese  30 10 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  55 30 30
        Korean  120 55 60
        Kurdish  40 20 15
        Lao  20 5 15
        Latvian  35 15 20
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  40 15 20
        Macedonian  55 35 15
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  15 10 10
        Maltese  25 15 10
        Mandarin  50 25 25
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  10 0 5
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  415 210 205
        Pashto  15 10 10
        Persian (Farsi)  115 70 45
        Polish  1,825 850 980
        Portuguese  795 405 385
        Romanian  150 80 70
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  150 45 100
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 135 70 65
        Serbian  810 395 415
        Serbo-Croatian  40 15 25
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 30 20 15
        Slovak  105 50 60
        Slovenian  215 110 110
        Somali  5 5 5
        Spanish  745 395 355
        Swahili  15 10 5
        Swedish  25 5 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  205 60 145
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  25 10 10
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 5
        Turkish  45 20 20
        Ukrainian  470 225 250
        Urdu  350 185 165
        Vietnamese  135 70 70
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 95 45 50
  Multiple responses          1,545 705 845
    English and French  230 90 140
    English and non-official language  1,235 575 660
    French and non-official language  65 25 40
    English, French and non-official language 25 15 10
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 120,925 59,460 61,460
  English only 114,230 56,710 57,520
  French only 40 15 20
  English and French 6,090 2,465 3,620
  Neither English nor French 570 265 300
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 120,920 59,460 61,465
  English 118,660 58,440 60,225
  French 1,535 680 850
  English and French 180 90 95
  Neither English nor French 550 255 295
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,620 725 895
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.3 1.2 1.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 120,920 59,460 61,460
  Single responses 118,625 58,365 60,260
    English 113,250 55,710 57,540
    French 375 165 210
    Non-official languages 4,995 2,485 2,510
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,970 2,475 2,495
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Afrikaans 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 45 20 25
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 195 105 95
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Bengali 10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 5 0
        Bosnian 65 35 25
        Bulgarian 5 5 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 50 25 30
        Chinese, n.o.s. 90 45 40
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 255 125 130
        Czech 35 15 15
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 155 65 90
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 185 85 100
        Greek 120 55 65
        Gujarati 55 30 25
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 50 30 25
        Hungarian 110 55 55
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Italian 445 205 240
        Japanese 5 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 15
        Korean 80 40 40
        Kurdish 25 10 15
        Lao 5 5 0
        Latvian 5 0 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 5 5
        Macedonian 10 5 0
        Malay 0 5 0
        Malayalam 10 5 5
        Maltese 5 5 0
        Mandarin 35 15 15
        Marathi 5 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 285 135 145
        Pashto 10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 70 35 30
        Polish 705 360 345
        Portuguese 225 110 110
        Romanian 55 25 30
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 60 25 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50
        Serbian 350 170 185
        Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 15 10 10
        Slovenian 45 20 25
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 430 265 165
        Swahili 5 5 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 25 30
        Taiwanese 0 5 0
        Tamil 15 5 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 25 15 15
        Ukrainian 75 35 40
        Urdu 200 100 100
        Vietnamese 70 30 35
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 25 10 10
  Multiple responses         2,300 1,095 1,200
    English and French 140 60 80
    English and non-official language 2,120 1,015 1,105
    French and non-official language 5 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 25 15 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 120,920 59,460 61,465
  None 110,845 54,765 56,080
  Single responses  9,920 4,625 5,295
    English  2,450 1,215 1,235
    French  965 395 575
    Non-official languages  6,500 3,020 3,485
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,445 2,995 3,450
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  15 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  25 15 15
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  170 85 85
        Armenian  5 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  25 10 15
        Bulgarian  5 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  35 10 20
        Chinese, n.o.s.  35 10 25
        Creoles  5 0 5
        Croatian  430 220 210
        Czech  30 10 15
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  880 395 490
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  455 200 255
        Greek  175 95 80
        Gujarati  30 15 20
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 5 5
        Hindi  40 20 20
        Hungarian  170 80 95
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  1,155 560 595
        Japanese  25 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  25 15 10
        Korean  25 15 20
        Kurdish  20 5 10
        Lao  10 0 5
        Latvian  10 5 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  25 15 10
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  5 0 5
        Maltese  5 5 5
        Mandarin  15 10 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  125 70 60
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 25 10
        Polish  545 240 305
        Portuguese  380 175 205
        Romanian  40 20 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 5 0
        Russian  60 25 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Serbian  335 165 170
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 20
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  40 10 25
        Slovenian  75 30 40
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  310 150 165
        Swahili  5 0 5
        Swedish  10 0 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  95 25 70
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 5
        Turkish  15 5 10
        Ukrainian  150 70 75
        Urdu  120 60 65
        Vietnamese  40 15 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 25 35
  Multiple responses          160 75 85
    English and French  10 5 5
    English and non-official language  15 5 10
    French and non-official language  130 60 70
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Niagara West - Glanbrook, Ontario (Code 35055) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Niagara West - Glanbrook (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Niagara West - Glanbrook, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Niagara West - Glanbrook (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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