NHS Profile, Ottawa - Vanier, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Ottawa - Vanier, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Vanier
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 99,900 47,725 52,180
Canadian citizens 91,550 43,750 47,800
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,295 7,105 7,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 77,260 36,640 40,615
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 8,350 3,970 4,375
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 99,905 47,725 52,175
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 73,155 35,275 37,875
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 24,900 11,480 13,415
Before 1971 3,670 1,635 2,040
1971 to 1980 2,840 1,365 1,470
1981 to 1990 3,680 1,660 2,020
1991 to 2000 6,260 2,945 3,315
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,450 3,875 4,575
2001 to 2005 3,095 1,270 1,825
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 5,360 2,605 2,750
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,845 960 885
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 24,900 11,485 13,415
Under 5 years 2,450 1,215 1,235
5 to 14 years 4,270 2,005 2,260
15 to 24 years 5,360 2,505 2,855
25 to 44 years 10,645 4,825 5,815
45 years and over 2,180 925 1,250
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 99,900 47,725 52,175
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 73,155 35,280 37,875
Born in province of residence 52,650 25,660 26,985
Born outside province of residence 20,510 9,620 10,890
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 24,900 11,485 13,415
Americas 4,940 2,140 2,800
United States 1,125 535 585
Jamaica 275 100 175
Guyana 95 40 55
Haiti 1,615 600 1,010
Mexico 235 105 135
Trinidad and Tobago 180 95 85
Colombia 200 85 115
El Salvador 225 110 110
Peru 115 40 80
Chile 50 30 20
Other places of birth in Americas 825 400 425
Europe 6,190 2,820 3,375
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,835 875 955
Italy 220 115 110
Germany 485 165 315
Poland 375 145 230
Portugal 650 310 340
Netherlands 160 60 105
France 400 180 220
Romania 260 130 135
Russian Federation 315 125 185
Greece 35 20 0
Ukraine 145 75 70
Croatia 40 25 0
Hungary 105 45 60
Bosnia and Herzegovina 95 25 65
Serbia 85 50 35
Ireland, Republic of 60 30 30
Other places of birth in Europe 930 430 505
Africa 4,815 2,250 2,565
Morocco 255 115 140
Algeria 285 155 130
Egypt 330 200 135
South Africa, Republic of 65 0 50
Nigeria 110 55 50
Ethiopia 210 90 125
Kenya 90 40 50
Other places of birth in Africa 3,465 1,570 1,895
Asia 8,840 4,235 4,605
India 650 320 330
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 955 345 610
Philippines 1,020 380 635
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 295 140 155
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 495 260 240
Pakistan 510 230 275
Sri Lanka 90 55 35
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 370 185 185
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 245 150 100
Lebanon 1,575 815 760
Taiwan 100 35 65
Iraq 285 120 160
Bangladesh 560 285 275
Afghanistan 405 245 160
Japan 45 15 25
Turkey 160 100 65
Other places of birth in Asia 1,075 550 525
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 115 40 75
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 115 40 75
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,850 960 885
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 5,360 2,605 2,750
Americas 1,345 570 775
United States 290 145 140
Mexico 85 40 50
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 665 240 420
Jamaica 15 0 0
Brazil 55 30 25
Colombia 95 45 45
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 20 0 15
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 105 40 65
Europe 495 235 260
France 40 0 30
Germany 35 20 15
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 35 0 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 80 35 50
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 85 50 35
Other places of birth in Europe 190 90 95
Africa 1,660 900 755
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 10 0 10
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 130 95 35
Algeria 115 45 70
Egypt 65 45 20
Morocco 185 80 105
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 95 50 45
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 250 155 100
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 775 410 360
Asia 1,840 890 950
Philippines 435 160 275
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 165 65 100
India 80 55 25
Pakistan 215 130 85
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 100 55 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 90 55 35
Sri Lanka 35 25 0
Iraq 80 35 45
Bangladesh 90 30 65
Lebanon 190 90 100
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 25 0 20
Afghanistan 35 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 65 45 25
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 20 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 35 15 20
Other places of birth in Asia 150 65 80
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 99,900 47,725 52,180
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 27,645 12,920 14,720
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 17,860 8,700 9,160
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 54,400 26,100 28,300
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 99,905 47,725 52,175
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 25,305 12,100 13,210
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,115 1,570 1,550
Chinese 2,310 1,085 1,220
Black 9,460 4,280 5,180
Filipino 1,365 535 830
Latin American 1,745 855 890
Arab 3,530 1,845 1,680
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,265 615 645
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,100 590 510
Korean 350 205 150
Japanese 180 90 90
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 265 110 150
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 620 320 305
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 74,600 35,625 38,970
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 99,900 47,720 52,175
North American Aboriginal origins 5,205 2,195 3,005
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,970 1,685 2,285
Inuit 135 60 75
Métis 1,205 465 735
Other North American origins 31,890 15,045 16,840
Acadian 590 255 335
American 1,265 575 690
Canadian 30,200 14,295 15,905
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 65 45 25
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 250 120 125
Québécois 290 125 165
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 61,895 29,655 32,235
British Isles origins 35,160 17,100 18,060
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 17,870 9,005 8,860
Irish 17,035 8,140 8,890
Manx 15 0 10
Scottish 14,085 6,990 7,090
Welsh 1,325 625 695
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,720 1,220 1,500
French origins 26,090 12,235 13,855
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 40 20 25
French 26,060 12,220 13,835
Western European origins (except French origins) 10,365 5,050 5,315
Austrian 535 275 255
Belgian 445 245 200
Dutch 2,145 1,085 1,065
Flemish 115 65 50
Frisian 0 0 0
German 7,155 3,500 3,660
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 470 170 295
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 10 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,910 915 995
Danish 360 200 160
Finnish 230 65 165
Icelandic 125 85 35
Norwegian 645 365 280
Swedish 570 210 360
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 75 20 50
Eastern European origins 7,315 3,330 3,980
Bulgarian 195 95 100
Byelorussian 75 40 35
Czech 430 195 240
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 90 0 80
Estonian 75 20 55
Hungarian 900 445 450
Latvian 100 40 65
Lithuanian 155 85 60
Moldovan 10 0 0
Polish 2,320 990 1,330
Romanian 535 265 275
Russian 1,250 585 665
Slovak 165 65 100
Ukrainian 1,955 960 990
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 50 25 20
Southern European origins 7,095 3,300 3,790
Albanian 40 25 15
Bosnian 30 0 30
Croatian 250 100 150
Cypriot 35 0 35
Greek 340 195 145
Italian 2,860 1,470 1,390
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 35 0 25
Maltese 65 0 55
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,440 645 795
Serbian 225 120 105
Sicilian 35 25 0
Slovenian 190 75 115
Spanish 1,900 785 1,120
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 200 85 115
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,290 675 615
Basque 55 25 30
Jewish 1,085 560 525
Roma (Gypsy) 30 0 25
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 110 80 25
Caribbean origins 3,715 1,620 2,095
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 175 75 100
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 90 40 50
Dominican 105 65 40
Grenadian 10 0 0
Haitian 2,415 1,010 1,405
Jamaican 735 335 400
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 50 25 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 100 55 35
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 140 45 90
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 85 20 60
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,130 1,025 1,110
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 30 0 15
Argentinian 30 0 10
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 125 65 60
Chilean 160 65 100
Colombian 240 100 145
Costa Rican 20 0 0
Ecuadorian 30 20 0
Guatemalan 70 25 40
Guyanese 105 45 60
Hispanic 105 50 55
Honduran 40 15 25
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 480 225 250
Nicaraguan 175 90 85
Panamanian 15 15 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 235 85 145
Salvadorean 300 170 130
Uruguayan 30 0 0
Venezuelan 15 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 40 30 0
African origins 7,825 3,710 4,120
Central and West African origins 1,890 865 1,030
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 85 60 30
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 120 55 65
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 865 440 425
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 125 60 65
Guinean 45 0 30
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 140 55 80
Liberian 10 0 0
Malian 25 0 20
Nigerian 260 70 190
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 45 25 20
Sierra Leonean 10 0 0
Togolese 35 10 20
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 220 95 120
North African origins 1,365 685 680
Algerian 195 100 95
Berber 130 65 65
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 435 235 195
Libyan 65 50 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 240 90 155
Sudanese 215 90 120
Tunisian 45 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 100 70 35
Southern and East African origins 3,355 1,565 1,795
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 585 285 305
Eritrean 125 50 75
Ethiopian 195 125 70
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 55 0 30
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 250 110 140
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 1,655 760 900
South African 100 40 60
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 95 35 60
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 45 20 30
Zulu 90 55 30
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 345 175 170
Other African origins 1,475 705 770
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 105 45 60
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,370 665 710
Asian origins 15,805 7,795 8,010
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 6,420 3,395 3,025
Afghan 490 295 195
Arab, n.o.s. 930 620 310
Armenian 115 80 35
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 40 30 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 575 270 310
Iraqi 515 235 280
Israeli 50 30 25
Jordanian 20 15 10
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 105 85 20
Kuwaiti 140 75 65
Lebanese 2,875 1,385 1,490
Palestinian 160 100 60
Pashtun 25 20 0
Saudi Arabian 105 45 60
Syrian 270 95 175
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 570 330 245
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 130 85 50
South Asian origins 3,805 1,925 1,880
Bangladeshi 515 265 245
Bengali 140 65 80
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,255 1,165 1,090
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 25 15 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 505 265 240
Punjabi 235 80 155
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 115 55 60
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 170 95 70
East and Southeast Asian origins 5,745 2,565 3,180
Burmese 30 0 35
Cambodian (Khmer) 145 85 60
Chinese 2,900 1,310 1,590
Filipino 1,520 575 945
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 30 0 30
Japanese 250 125 125
Korean 360 210 150
Laotian 45 0 25
Malaysian 20 0 0
Mongolian 25 0 15
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 25 0 15
Thai 25 0 25
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 685 330 360
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 65 30 40
Other Asian origins 20 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 20 0 0
Oceania origins 220 100 120
Australian 125 50 75
New Zealander 55 25 0
Pacific Islands origins 40 25 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 20 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 99,900 47,725 52,180
Buddhist 895 445 450
Christian 65,880 29,720 36,165
Anglican 4,660 2,065 2,600
Baptist 1,105 485 610
Catholic 44,550 20,060 24,490
Christian Orthodox 1,535 715 825
Lutheran 840 440 405
Pentecostal 1,010 355 650
Presbyterian 925 410 515
United Church 3,290 1,525 1,770
Other Christian 7,965 3,665 4,305
Hindu 685 370 315
Jewish 810 405 405
Muslim 7,610 3,855 3,760
Sikh 415 225 190
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 50 20 30
Other religions 785 310 475
No religious affiliation 22,765 12,370 10,390
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 99,900 47,725 52,180
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,785 1,135 1,645
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,705 660 1,040
Métis single identity 885 410 475
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 100 25 75
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 40 15 25
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 50 20 30
Non-Aboriginal identity 97,120 46,585 50,530
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 99,900 47,720 52,175
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 815 340 470
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 99,090 47,385 51,705
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 99,905 47,725 52,175
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 5,205 2,195 3,005
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,970 1,685 2,285
Métis ancestry 1,200 465 735
Inuit ancestry 135 55 75
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 94,695 45,525 49,170
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 31,505 14,630 16,875
Aboriginal languages 120 45 75
Algonquin 15 0 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 25 0 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40 0 30
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,390 14,585 16,800
Italian 1,240 590 650
Portuguese 1,470 685 780
Romanian 270 130 140
Spanish 5,965 2,555 3,415
Dutch 335 100 235
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,725 755 970
Yiddish 40 20 20
Danish 40 15 25
Norwegian 35 0 25
Swedish 110 50 55
Afrikaans 45 20 20
Gaelic languages 80 0 0
Bosnian 45 20 25
Bulgarian 180 90 90
Croatian 75 45 35
Czech 120 45 80
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 510 230 280
Russian 995 440 550
Serbian 205 100 110
Serbo-Croatian 25 0 15
Slovak 55 20 35
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 235 110 120
Latvian 30 0 0
Lithuanian 30 0 20
Greek 135 60 75
Armenian 60 20 35
Albanian 15 15 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 60 0 50
Hungarian 230 105 125
Turkish 345 225 120
Berber languages (Kabyle) 25 20 0
Oromo 125 85 40
Somali 1,605 700 900
Amharic 145 95 50
Arabic 4,895 2,530 2,370
Hebrew 125 85 45
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 115 40 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 805 405 400
Gujarati 240 120 125
Hindi 830 435 390
Konkani 15 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 620 345 270
Sindhi 30 20 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 0 20
Urdu 750 385 360
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 190 85 105
Pashto 310 180 130
Persian (Farsi) 820 435 380
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0
Kannada 35 20 20
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 180 105 80
Telugu 25 0 0
Japanese 250 70 180
Korean 305 185 120
Cantonese 690 300 385
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 635 265 370
Taiwanese 25 0 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 945 435 510
Lao 35 0 30
Thai 25 10 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 100 55 40
Vietnamese 595 310 285
Bisayan languages 105 35 70
Ilocano 105 0 60
Malay 110 50 60
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,110 400 715
Akan (Twi) 60 30 40
Lingala 510 285 230
Rundi (Kirundi) 415 180 235
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 190 55 135
Swahili 635 330 315
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 285 135 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 445 160 285
African languages, n.i.e. 115 30 80
Creoles 2,215 910 1,305
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 805 325 480
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 98,985 47,275 51,705
Non-movers 80,850 38,440 42,405
Movers 18,130 8,830 9,300
Non-migrants 12,610 6,095 6,520
Migrants 5,515 2,740 2,785
Internal migrants 3,845 1,910 1,930
Intraprovincial migrants 2,270 1,100 1,170
Interprovincial migrants 1,570 810 760
External migrants 1,675 825 850
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 95,270 45,410 49,860
Non-movers 49,015 22,965 26,050
Movers 46,260 22,445 23,810
Non-migrants 27,735 13,795 13,940
Migrants 18,525 8,650 9,875
Internal migrants 12,735 5,915 6,820
Intraprovincial migrants 7,110 3,290 3,825
Interprovincial migrants 5,620 2,630 2,995
External migrants 5,790 2,730 3,055
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 87,055 41,305 45,750
No certificate, diploma or degree 14,230 6,875 7,350
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,910 9,655 11,255
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 51,920 24,775 27,145
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,635 2,565 2,075
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,590 6,230 7,360
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,215 1,360 1,855
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 30,470 14,620 15,855
Bachelor's degree 16,915 7,680 9,240
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 13,560 6,945 6,620
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 56,670 27,655 29,010
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,440 3,420 3,020
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,040 5,505 5,540
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 39,190 18,735 20,455
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,385 1,865 1,520
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,220 4,755 5,460
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,940 880 1,060
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 23,650 11,235 12,415
Bachelor's degree 12,820 5,950 6,865
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,825 5,285 5,545
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 87,060 41,310 45,745
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 35,140 16,530 18,610
Education 3,290 850 2,430
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,295 1,020 1,275
Humanities 4,665 1,960 2,705
Social and behavioural sciences and law 10,240 4,275 5,965
Business, management and public administration 10,290 4,455 5,835
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,585 1,440 1,145
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,870 1,875 1,000
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 6,680 5,915 765
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 655 305 350
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,125 1,345 4,780
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,220 1,330 885
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 87,060 41,305 45,745
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 35,140 16,535 18,605
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 51,915 24,775 27,140
Location of study inside Canada 42,795 20,070 22,725
Same as province or territory of residence 33,330 15,655 17,675
Another province or territory 9,465 4,410 5,050
Location of study outside Canada 9,125 4,705 4,420
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 58,770 29,590 29,180
Single responses 54,375 27,435 26,935
English 47,270 24,575 22,695
French 6,725 2,695 4,035
Non-official languages 375 165 205
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 40
Cantonese 15 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 45 0 25
Korean 35 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 155 60 95
Multiple responses 4,400 2,150 2,245
English and French 4,135 2,040 2,100
English and non-official language 135 75 60
French and non-official language 35 20 0
English, French and non-official language 85 0 75
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 58,770 29,590 29,180
English 47,275 24,580 22,695
French 6,730 2,690 4,035
Non-official language 375 165 205
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 365 165 200
English and French 4,135 2,040 2,100
English and non-official language 135 80 60
French and non-official language 40 25 0
English, French and non-official language 85 0 75
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 87,055 41,310 45,750
In the labour force 55,225 28,365 26,865
Employed 50,540 25,720 24,815
Unemployed 4,685 2,640 2,050
Not in the labour force 31,830 12,945 18,880
Participation rate 63.4 68.7 58.7
Employment rate 58.1 62.3 54.2
Unemployment rate 8.5 9.3 7.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 55,225 28,360 26,865
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,540 855 690
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,685 27,505 26,175
Employee 49,125 24,660 24,465
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,555 2,845 1,715
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 55,230 28,360 26,865
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,540 855 685
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,680 27,505 26,175
0 Management occupations 5,680 3,370 2,310
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,275 3,655 6,625
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,675 3,465 1,210
3 Health occupations 3,290 955 2,335
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 9,390 3,655 5,735
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,570 1,240 1,325
6 Sales and service occupations 13,125 6,880 6,250
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,830 3,610 220
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 265 245 20
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 580 435 150
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 55,225 28,360 26,865
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,540 855 685
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,685 27,505 26,180
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 100 75 25
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25 0 20
22 Utilities 65 45 20
23 Construction 2,095 1,870 230
31-33 Manufacturing 1,295 930 360
41 Wholesale trade 885 715 170
44-45 Retail trade 5,265 2,625 2,645
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,590 1,215 370
51 Information and cultural industries 1,605 955 650
52 Finance and insurance 1,775 775 995
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,040 695 345
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,120 2,540 1,580
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 25 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,910 1,945 965
61 Educational services 4,475 1,885 2,590
62 Health care and social assistance 5,350 1,380 3,970
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,010 545 460
72 Accommodation and food services 3,920 2,170 1,750
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,805 1,000 1,805
91 Public administration 13,320 6,115 7,205
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 55,225 28,360 26,865
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,340 1,780 1,560
Worked in 2010 51,885 26,585 25,305
1 to 13 weeks 2,960 1,285 1,675
14 to 26 weeks 4,310 2,130 2,180
27 to 39 weeks 3,400 1,570 1,825
40 to 48 weeks 8,195 4,165 4,030
49 to 52 weeks 33,025 17,435 15,595
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.3 45.0 43.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 55,225 28,360 26,865
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,340 1,780 1,560
Worked in 2010 51,890 26,585 25,305
Worked full-time in 2010 41,150 22,255 18,900
Worked part-time in 2010 10,730 4,325 6,405
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 50,540 25,720 24,820
Worked at home 2,690 1,405 1,290
Worked outside Canada 270 190 80
No fixed workplace address 4,370 3,060 1,315
Worked at usual place 43,205 21,065 22,140
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 47,575 24,125 23,450
Car, truck or van - as a driver 21,980 12,265 9,720
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,600 880 1,715
Public transit 13,125 5,780 7,340
Walked 7,150 3,570 3,585
Bicycle 2,210 1,350 860
Other methods 520 280 235
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 47,575 24,125 23,450
Median commuting duration 20.5 20.4 20.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 47,575 24,125 23,450
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 8,850 5,230 3,615
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 29,790 14,180 15,615
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,940 4,710 4,225
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 48,625 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 44,650 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,975 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 48,620 ... ...
1960 or before 14,950 ... ...
1961 to 1980 18,435 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,075 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,185 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,170 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,815 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 48,625 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 21,250 ... ...
5 rooms 7,975 ... ...
6 rooms 6,275 ... ...
7 rooms 5,095 ... ...
8 or more rooms 8,025 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 48,625 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 13,685 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,475 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,975 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,490 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 48,625 ... ...
Owner 21,565 ... ...
Renter 27,060 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 48,625 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 10,510 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 38,115 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 48,620 ... ...
1 household maintainer 33,035 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,335 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,255 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 48,625 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,590 ... ...
25 to 34 years 8,500 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,525 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,555 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,675 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,750 ... ...
75 years and over 5,020 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 48,625 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 47,620 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,005 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 48,625 ... ...
Suitable 45,185 ... ...
Not suitable 3,440 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 48,480 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 34,015 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,460 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,805 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 21,565 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 56.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,213 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,329 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 321,155 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 391,705 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,060 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 22.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 903 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 929 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 87,055 41,305 45,750
Without income 3,850 1,745 2,105
With income 83,205 39,565 43,645
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 6,940 3,385 3,555
$5,000 to $9,999 6,080 2,580 3,500
$10,000 to $14,999 8,020 3,500 4,525
$15,000 to $19,999 7,650 2,985 4,665
$20,000 to $29,999 10,460 4,465 5,990
$30,000 to $39,999 8,615 4,155 4,460
$40,000 to $49,999 7,945 3,790 4,160
$50,000 to $59,999 7,080 3,450 3,625
$60,000 to $79,999 8,600 4,245 4,360
$80,000 to $99,999 5,380 2,785 2,600
$100,000 and over 6,425 4,225 2,205
$100,000 to $124,999 2,890 1,855 1,035
$125,000 and over 3,530 2,365 1,165
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,421 36,326 29,105
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 45,200 51,717 39,292
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 87,055 41,310 45,750
Without after-tax income 3,875 1,745 2,130
With after-tax income 83,185 39,565 43,625
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,175 3,430 3,740
$5,000 to $9,999 6,230 2,605 3,620
$10,000 to $14,999 8,130 3,505 4,620
$15,000 to $19,999 8,095 3,185 4,910
$20,000 to $29,999 12,300 5,560 6,740
$30,000 to $39,999 10,630 5,040 5,590
$40,000 to $49,999 9,790 4,740 5,045
$50,000 to $59,999 6,555 3,205 3,345
$60,000 to $79,999 8,145 4,150 3,995
$80,000 to $99,999 3,170 2,005 1,170
$100,000 and over 2,965 2,130 840
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,615 33,069 26,575
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 37,320 41,843 33,217
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.3 91.0 85.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 69.5 72.1 66.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 64.3 65.4 63.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.2 6.6 3.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.7 5.7 5.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 11.3 11.5 11.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.8 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.7 9.0 14.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.4 2.8 4.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.7 1.9 3.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.8 0.6 1.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.7 3.5 3.9
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.5 19.1 15.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.5 80.9 84.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.4 3.3 -0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 29,230 15,590 13,645
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 53,027 53,169 52,749
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 64,880 70,540 58,413
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 25,305 ... ...
Median family income ($) 79,762 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,106 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,908 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,620 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,480 ... ...
Median family income ($) 87,850 ... ...
Average family income ($) 106,507 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 74,782 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,710 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 8,290 ... ...
Median family income ($) 100,800 ... ...
Average family income ($) 130,055 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 88,526 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 104,151 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,180 ... ...
Median family income ($) 42,498 ... ...
Average family income ($) 53,516 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 40,391 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,547 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 28,685 13,385 15,295
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,096 31,074 31,322
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 41,035 41,884 40,291
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,111 27,670 28,941
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,458 34,806 34,153
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 99,900 47,725 52,175
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 49,275 22,710 26,565
In bottom decile 14,820 6,925 7,905
In second decile 11,285 5,065 6,220
In third decile 8,495 3,975 4,520
In fourth decile 7,290 3,380 3,915
In fifth decile 7,380 3,365 4,015
In top half of the Canadian distribution 50,625 25,015 25,610
In sixth decile 8,065 3,945 4,130
In seventh decile 8,535 4,270 4,275
In eighth decile 9,040 4,230 4,815
In ninth decile 10,365 5,135 5,230
In top decile 14,610 7,445 7,165
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 48,620 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,475 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,235 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,445 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,810 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,415 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,580 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,240 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,070 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,615 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,215 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,840 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,585 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,110 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 48,620 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,495 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,255 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,435 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,945 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,510 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,450 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,585 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,305 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,680 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,940 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,170 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,775 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 48,620 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 57,035 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 77,347 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 50,301 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 63,847 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 20,005 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 38,907 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 47,243 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 34,671 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,197 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,615 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,217 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 98,399 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,385 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 81,085 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 99,900 47,720 52,175
Less than 18 years 15,840 7,870 7,965
Less than 6 years 5,500 2,765 2,735
18 to 64 years 68,500 33,230 35,270
65 years and over 15,565 6,615 8,945
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 20,175 9,270 10,900
Less than 18 years 4,600 2,310 2,285
Less than 6 years 1,885 900 985
18 to 64 years 14,010 6,560 7,445
65 years and over 1,570 400 1,165
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 20.2 19.4 20.9
Less than 18 years (%) 29.0 29.4 28.7
Less than 6 years (%) 34.3 32.5 36.0
18 to 64 years (%) 20.5 19.7 21.1
65 years and over (%) 10.1 6.0 13.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ottawa - Vanier, Ontario (Code 35065) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 9, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Ottawa - Vanier, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Ottawa - Vanier, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Vanier
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 103,687 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 101,611 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 2.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 53,306 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,629 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,812.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 36.87 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 103,685 49,485 54,200
0 to 4 years 4,635 2,375 2,260
5 to 9 years 4,155 2,075 2,075
10 to 14 years 4,335 2,145 2,195
15 to 19 years 6,035 2,880 3,155
15 years 900 450 455
16 years 1,055 500 560
17 years 1,075 535 540
18 years 1,305 615 690
19 years 1,690 780 910
20 to 24 years 9,565 4,540 5,025
25 to 29 years 8,675 4,325 4,345
30 to 34 years 7,305 3,580 3,720
35 to 39 years 6,390 3,165 3,230
40 to 44 years 6,635 3,265 3,370
45 to 49 years 7,660 3,840 3,815
50 to 54 years 7,775 3,775 4,000
55 to 59 years 7,010 3,430 3,580
60 to 64 years 6,455 3,055 3,405
65 to 69 years 5,080 2,290 2,795
70 to 74 years 3,885 1,720 2,160
75 to 79 years 3,165 1,370 1,795
80 to 84 years 2,425 945 1,480
85 years and over 2,505 715 1,795
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.5 39.4 41.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 87.3 86.7 88.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 90,560 42,890 47,670
Married or living with a common-law partner 40,230 20,235 19,990
Married (and not separated) 31,000 15,495 15,505
Living common law 9,230 4,745 4,485
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 50,330 22,650 27,680
Single (never legally married) 34,730 17,690 17,040
Separated 3,120 1,280 1,835
Divorced 7,095 2,695 4,395
Widowed 5,390 985 4,400
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 25,080 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,615 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,005 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 3,600 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,850 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 25,075 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 19,420 ... ...
Married couples 14,820 ... ...
Without children at home 7,825 ... ...
With children at home 6,990 ... ...
1 child 2,865 ... ...
2 children 2,700 ... ...
3 or more children 1,430 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,605 ... ...
Without children at home 3,305 ... ...
With children at home 1,300 ... ...
1 child 690 ... ...
2 children 420 ... ...
3 or more children 190 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,655 ... ...
Female parent 4,720 ... ...
1 child 2,810 ... ...
2 children 1,255 ... ...
3 or more children 655 ... ...
Male parent 935 ... ...
1 child 680 ... ...
2 children 200 ... ...
3 or more children 60 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 24,200 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,390 ... ...
6 to 14 years 7,590 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,875 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,145 ... ...
25 years and over 3,200 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 99,900 47,725 52,170
Number of persons not in census families 31,200 14,575 16,625
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,685 1,145 1,540
Living with non-relatives only 8,455 4,705 3,745
Living alone 20,060 8,725 11,330
Number of census family persons 68,705 33,150 35,550
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 15,275 6,595 8,680
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,175 1,800 4,370
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 565 140 430
Living with non-relatives only 375 180 195
Living alone 5,230 1,480 3,750
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,100 4,795 4,305
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 48,630 ... ...
Census-family households 24,605 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 22,505 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 17,810 ... ...
Without children 10,215 ... ...
With children 7,600 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,690 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,100 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,650 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 990 ... ...
Without children 515 ... ...
With children 475 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 660 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 450 ... ...
Non-census-family households 24,025 ... ...
One-person households 20,060 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,965 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 48,630 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,870 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 13,540 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 26,215 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,510 ... ...
Row house 9,435 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,935 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 12,230 ... ...
Other single-attached house 105 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 48,630 ... ...
1 person 20,060 ... ...
2 persons 16,145 ... ...
3 persons 5,905 ... ...
4 persons 4,040 ... ...
5 persons 1,600 ... ...
6 or more persons 870 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,900 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,545 48,345 53,200
  Single responses  97,695 46,475 51,220
    English  49,455 24,600 24,860
    French  28,400 12,610 15,790
    Non-official languages  19,840 9,270 10,570
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 150 35 110
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  35 10 25
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  85 15 65
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  15 5 10
        Oji-Cree  5 5 5
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,415 9,095 10,315
        African languages, n.i.e 105 55 50
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 10
        Albanian  40 25 20
        Amharic  190 90 100
        Arabic  3,525 1,845 1,680
        Armenian  45 30 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 50 50
        Bengali  595 315 285
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  90 20 65
        Bosnian  30 10 15
        Bulgarian  80 35 45
        Burmese  15 5 10
        Cantonese  405 190 220
        Chinese, n.o.s.  725 325 400
        Creoles  1,070 465 610
        Croatian  65 30 35
        Czech  120 55 65
        Danish  40 20 25
        Dutch  215 110 110
        Estonian  30 10 20
        Finnish  35 5 25
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  675 280 390
        Greek  100 60 40
        Gujarati  55 40 20
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  30 15 15
        Hindi  175 95 80
        Hungarian  155 65 90
        Ilocano  55 20 40
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 20 10
        Italian  360 165 190
        Japanese  125 35 90
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 25 35
        Korean  150 60 85
        Kurdish  75 35 40
        Lao  20 15 15
        Latvian  20 5 15
        Lingala  75 35 40
        Lithuanian  25 10 15
        Macedonian  5 0 10
        Malay  25 5 15
        Malayalam  30 15 10
        Maltese  5 0 5
        Mandarin  365 160 205
        Marathi  5 5 5
        Nepali  35 15 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 110 65 45
        Norwegian  10 5 10
        Oromo  60 30 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  185 95 90
        Pashto  180 100 80
        Persian (Farsi)  745 375 365
        Polish  575 255 320
        Portuguese  890 435 455
        Romanian  230 90 140
        Rundi (Kirundi)  165 75 85
        Russian  510 215 295
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  145 60 90
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 15 10
        Serbian  140 65 75
        Serbo-Croatian  60 20 35
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Sindhi  15 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  65 35 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 100 50 45
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  50 25 25
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  930 380 545
        Spanish  1,785 815 975
        Swahili  150 75 70
        Swedish  45 20 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  590 185 400
        Taiwanese  35 15 20
        Tamil  85 50 40
        Telugu  20 5 10
        Thai  40 10 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  110 50 55
        Turkish  230 120 110
        Ukrainian  170 75 95
        Urdu  315 165 150
        Vietnamese  380 185 200
        Yiddish  25 15 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 275 135 145
  Multiple responses          3,850 1,870 1,980
    English and French  1,780 885 900
    English and non-official language  1,195 590 605
    French and non-official language  675 305 365
    English, French and non-official language 205 95 110
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,545 48,345 53,200
  English only 44,795 22,660 22,130
  French only 3,780 1,395 2,385
  English and French 51,730 23,800 27,935
  Neither English nor French 1,235 490 750
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,545 48,345 53,200
  English 66,220 32,660 33,555
  French 31,070 13,760 17,315
  English and French 3,085 1,480 1,605
  Neither English nor French 1,170 450 720
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 32,615 14,495 18,115
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 32.1 30.0 34.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,545 48,350 53,200
  Single responses 95,650 45,620 50,030
    English 62,460 30,765 31,695
    French 22,750 9,955 12,795
    Non-official languages 10,440 4,900 5,540
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 45 10 35
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 35 10 25
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 5
        Ojibway 5 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,295 4,840 5,450
        African languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30
        Afrikaans 5 5 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 15 5 5
        Amharic 115 55 60
        Arabic 2,315 1,185 1,130
        Armenian 15 15 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Bengali 440 225 210
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 30 10 20
        Bosnian 25 10 15
        Bulgarian 45 20 20
        Burmese 15 5 10
        Cantonese 205 90 115
        Chinese, n.o.s. 455 215 245
        Creoles 490 215 275
        Croatian 15 5 10
        Czech 40 15 20
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 25 15 15
        Estonian 10 5 5
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 120 45 75
        Greek 25 15 10
        Gujarati 20 10 10
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 5 10
        Hindi 80 40 40
        Hungarian 20 10 15
        Ilocano 20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Italian 80 30 50
        Japanese 45 15 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 15
        Korean 90 40 45
        Kurdish 45 15 30
        Lao 5 5 0
        Latvian 5 5 5
        Lingala 25 5 20
        Lithuanian 10 5 10
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 15 5 5
        Maltese 5 0 5
        Mandarin 250 120 130
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 25 15 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 35 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 85 40 45
        Pashto 155 85 70
        Persian (Farsi) 490 225 265
        Polish 220 95 130
        Portuguese 455 220 235
        Romanian 125 60 70
        Rundi (Kirundi) 75 40 30
        Russian 285 140 145
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 65 30 30
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Serbian 80 40 40
        Serbo-Croatian 30 10 15
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10
        Sindhi 5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 75 45 35
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 10 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 610 250 360
        Spanish 1,030 465 570
        Swahili 55 25 30
        Swedish 10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 295 110 185
        Taiwanese 15 5 10
        Tamil 30 10 20
        Telugu 0 5 0
        Thai 10 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 55 25 35
        Turkish 130 65 60
        Ukrainian 55 20 35
        Urdu 195 95 95
        Vietnamese 250 120 135
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 100 50 55
  Multiple responses         5,895 2,725 3,170
    English and French 2,140 990 1,155
    English and non-official language 2,620 1,245 1,380
    French and non-official language 665 280 390
    English, French and non-official language 465 215 250
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,545 48,345 53,200
  None 72,710 34,900 37,810
  Single responses  27,485 12,840 14,650
    English  11,985 5,515 6,465
    French  8,355 3,975 4,380
    Non-official languages  7,145 3,345 3,800
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 90 30 60
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 10 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  45 10 35
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 5
        Ojibway  20 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,915 3,245 3,665
        African languages, n.i.e 40 20 20
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  10 0 10
        Albanian  15 10 5
        Amharic  50 20 25
        Arabic  990 500 490
        Armenian  20 10 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 30 40
        Bengali  100 60 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  25 10 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  130 60 70
        Chinese, n.o.s.  185 90 95
        Creoles  640 285 360
        Croatian  25 10 15
        Czech  50 20 25
        Danish  15 5 10
        Dutch  85 45 40
        Estonian  10 0 10
        Finnish  25 5 15
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  290 130 155
        Greek  45 25 20
        Gujarati  30 15 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  25 5 15
        Hindi  120 65 55
        Hungarian  55 20 40
        Ilocano  15 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 10 0
        Italian  175 85 85
        Japanese  85 35 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  25 10 10
        Korean  45 20 20
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  10 5 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  135 60 75
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  10 0 10
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  10 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  120 50 70
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  10 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 115 55 60
        Norwegian  10 0 10
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  70 35 35
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  170 110 65
        Polish  190 75 110
        Portuguese  255 115 140
        Romanian  50 20 30
        Rundi (Kirundi)  105 45 55
        Russian  170 80 95
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  75 25 45
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  30 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  20 5 10
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  285 130 155
        Spanish  785 390 395
        Swahili  70 35 35
        Swedish  30 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  245 80 165
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  40 25 20
        Telugu  10 5 5
        Thai  25 10 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  25 10 15
        Turkish  55 30 25
        Ukrainian  35 20 15
        Urdu  125 70 55
        Vietnamese  80 40 35
        Yiddish  10 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 140 70 70
  Multiple responses          1,355 615 745
    English and French  405 175 235
    English and non-official language  375 180 195
    French and non-official language  560 250 310
    English, French and non-official language  15 10 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ottawa - Vanier, Ontario (Code 35065) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 9, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Ottawa - Vanier, Ontario

  • Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

Download current census table

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Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Ottawa - Vanier (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Ottawa - Vanier, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Ottawa - Vanier (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census