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NHS Profile, Willowdale, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Willowdale, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Willowdale
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 138,630 65,655 72,975
Canadian citizens 110,885 52,725 58,155
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,635 8,525 8,110
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 94,250 44,200 50,050
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 27,750 12,925 14,815
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 138,630 65,655 72,975
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 47,230 23,305 23,925
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 85,605 39,710 45,895
Before 1971 8,365 3,805 4,565
1971 to 1980 7,775 3,555 4,220
1981 to 1990 12,025 5,375 6,655
1991 to 2000 24,200 11,265 12,940
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 33,235 15,710 17,520
2001 to 2005 16,390 7,830 8,560
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 16,845 7,880 8,965
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 5,795 2,645 3,155
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 85,605 39,705 45,900
Under 5 years 5,820 3,025 2,795
5 to 14 years 13,865 7,130 6,735
15 to 24 years 16,020 7,315 8,705
25 to 44 years 37,720 16,440 21,280
45 years and over 12,190 5,805 6,385
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 138,630 65,655 72,975
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 47,230 23,305 23,925
Born in province of residence 41,225 20,600 20,625
Born outside province of residence 6,000 2,705 3,295
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 85,605 39,705 45,900
Americas 5,540 2,310 3,230
United States 1,100 530 575
Jamaica 925 325 595
Guyana 475 175 300
Haiti 20 0 0
Mexico 195 100 95
Trinidad and Tobago 580 215 365
Colombia 425 205 220
El Salvador 35 15 20
Peru 175 70 105
Chile 85 45 35
Other places of birth in Americas 1,535 615 915
Europe 13,835 6,415 7,415
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,255 1,070 1,185
Italy 865 395 475
Germany 565 295 275
Poland 525 200 330
Portugal 260 115 140
Netherlands 155 90 70
France 255 100 160
Romania 1,565 790 770
Russian Federation 1,915 870 1,045
Greece 645 330 325
Ukraine 1,130 450 685
Croatia 120 60 65
Hungary 645 270 375
Bosnia and Herzegovina 160 75 80
Serbia 400 145 250
Ireland, Republic of 190 85 105
Other places of birth in Europe 2,180 1,085 1,090
Africa 3,085 1,505 1,575
Morocco 170 100 75
Algeria 35 30 0
Egypt 800 445 355
South Africa, Republic of 620 320 300
Nigeria 90 55 40
Ethiopia 20 0 15
Kenya 175 75 105
Other places of birth in Africa 1,165 490 675
Asia 63,015 29,375 33,640
India 2,565 1,215 1,360
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 17,355 7,800 9,555
Philippines 2,645 970 1,680
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 9,015 4,100 4,915
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 625 270 360
Pakistan 775 390 380
Sri Lanka 630 285 345
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 12,785 6,575 6,205
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 8,815 4,255 4,555
Lebanon 305 145 160
Taiwan 2,755 1,205 1,550
Iraq 290 140 145
Bangladesh 160 90 75
Afghanistan 110 65 45
Japan 485 175 310
Turkey 425 205 220
Other places of birth in Asia 3,275 1,485 1,790
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 140 95 40
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 130 95 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 5,800 2,645 3,155
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 16,840 7,880 8,965
Americas 1,085 540 545
United States 220 135 85
Mexico 60 20 40
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 40 0 0
Brazil 260 125 140
Colombia 100 60 40
Guyana 20 0 20
Peru 75 40 40
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 130 70 55
Other places of birth in Americas 170 80 90
Europe 1,265 515 745
France 65 25 45
Germany 35 20 20
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 140 45 100
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 65 35 25
Russian Federation 385 155 235
Ukraine 140 35 110
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 135 65 75
Other places of birth in Europe 285 140 145
Africa 420 225 195
Nigeria 55 35 25
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 40 25 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 10 0 0
Egypt 165 100 65
Morocco 20 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 105 60 0
Asia 14,030 6,550 7,480
Philippines 895 330 565
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 4,615 1,975 2,635
India 585 315 265
Pakistan 175 75 100
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 4,740 2,345 2,400
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,475 755 720
Sri Lanka 85 40 40
Iraq 115 50 60
Bangladesh 50 15 35
Lebanon 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 270 130 140
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 105 45 60
Turkey 100 40 60
Israel 100 55 45
Nepal 20 20 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 160 55 100
United Arab Emirates 30 10 20
Saudi Arabia 60 30 35
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 35 35 0
Other places of birth in Asia 400 215 180
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 55 40 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 138,630 65,655 72,975
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 91,755 42,530 49,225
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 29,850 14,965 14,885
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 17,025 8,155 8,870
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 138,630 65,655 72,975
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 88,360 41,650 46,710
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 7,115 3,405 3,710
Chinese 41,135 19,185 21,955
Black 4,075 1,675 2,400
Filipino 3,270 1,195 2,075
Latin American 1,300 630 670
Arab 2,260 1,145 1,115
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 905 430 475
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 12,535 6,375 6,160
Korean 12,220 5,990 6,225
Japanese 1,155 530 625
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 500 210 290
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,895 870 1,025
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 50,270 24,005 26,260
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 138,630 65,650 72,975
North American Aboriginal origins 575 305 265
First Nations (North American Indian) 445 220 225
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 140 95 45
Other North American origins 9,680 4,700 4,980
Acadian 105 70 30
American 580 335 240
Canadian 9,140 4,385 4,755
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 20 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 47,965 23,040 24,930
British Isles origins 19,530 9,580 9,950
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 11,695 5,780 5,915
Irish 7,320 3,400 3,925
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 7,435 3,555 3,880
Welsh 640 295 340
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,750 795 955
French origins 3,475 1,470 2,000
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 3,460 1,470 1,990
Western European origins (except French origins) 6,210 3,000 3,205
Austrian 630 335 300
Belgian 100 55 45
Dutch 1,345 700 645
Flemish 30 0 30
Frisian 0 0 0
German 4,205 2,005 2,205
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 340 160 185
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,340 600 735
Danish 370 120 250
Finnish 335 165 170
Icelandic 50 25 25
Norwegian 165 105 60
Swedish 410 180 235
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 75 35 40
Eastern European origins 14,910 7,190 7,720
Bulgarian 285 145 140
Byelorussian 215 85 130
Czech 220 105 110
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 85 55 30
Estonian 335 125 210
Hungarian 1,675 820 860
Latvian 295 170 125
Lithuanian 415 240 175
Moldovan 90 40 50
Polish 4,055 1,835 2,220
Romanian 2,190 1,095 1,090
Russian 5,715 2,645 3,065
Slovak 270 120 145
Ukrainian 2,430 1,190 1,240
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 135 65 60
Southern European origins 11,150 5,290 5,855
Albanian 285 155 130
Bosnian 170 70 105
Croatian 270 110 165
Cypriot 20 0 0
Greek 1,715 865 850
Italian 5,115 2,445 2,670
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 445 225 215
Maltese 85 25 55
Montenegrin 50 35 0
Portuguese 1,300 575 730
Serbian 630 290 340
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 70 35 35
Spanish 1,795 805 995
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 110 60 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 6,435 3,125 3,305
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 6,280 3,025 3,255
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 155 90 65
Caribbean origins 3,040 1,260 1,780
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 15 20 0
Barbadian 115 20 100
Bermudan 35 0 25
Carib 15 0 0
Cuban 40 20 25
Dominican 45 0 0
Grenadian 100 40 55
Haitian 35 0 20
Jamaican 1,780 765 1,015
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 40 0 30
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 400 150 255
Vincentian/Grenadinian 180 120 55
West Indian, n.o.s. 305 95 215
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 180 55 130
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,315 1,165 1,155
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 85 50 40
Argentinian 75 45 30
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 200 135 60
Chilean 90 55 35
Colombian 610 285 325
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 110 85 30
Guatemalan 30 0 0
Guyanese 360 160 200
Hispanic 20 0 0
Honduran 20 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 185 105 85
Nicaraguan 50 0 30
Panamanian 35 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 145 65 75
Salvadorean 55 25 30
Uruguayan 35 0 20
Venezuelan 225 80 145
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 70 35 30
African origins 3,645 1,605 2,040
Central and West African origins 440 210 235
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 50 0 35
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 165 75 95
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 150 95 55
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 10 0 10
North African origins 1,500 750 750
Algerian 25 0 15
Berber 130 55 70
Coptic 95 35 55
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 910 495 420
Libyan 95 50 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 225 100 125
Sudanese 85 25 65
Tunisian 25 0 10
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 35 0 20
Southern and East African origins 985 435 550
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 40 0 30
Ethiopian 30 0 20
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 25 10 15
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 40 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 80 25 60
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 280 100 180
South African 195 105 90
Tanzanian 35 20 15
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 50 0 35
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 15 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 175 90 80
Other African origins 815 260 555
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 165 50 120
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 660 215 445
Asian origins 85,555 40,570 44,980
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 17,890 9,050 8,845
Afghan 205 120 85
Arab, n.o.s. 725 370 355
Armenian 790 400 390
Assyrian 25 20 0
Azerbaijani 285 135 150
Georgian 70 20 55
Iranian 13,790 6,985 6,805
Iraqi 205 115 90
Israeli 255 135 115
Jordanian 65 40 30
Kazakh 15 10 0
Kurd 90 45 50
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 410 180 225
Palestinian 145 85 65
Pashtun 50 0 40
Saudi Arabian 90 50 45
Syrian 335 150 180
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 30 15 0
Turk 620 305 320
Uighur 30 15 15
Uzbek 70 45 30
Yemeni 45 0 30
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 310 190 120
South Asian origins 7,660 3,595 4,065
Bangladeshi 130 85 45
Bengali 75 50 25
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 5,785 2,640 3,140
Goan 140 90 50
Gujarati 45 35 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 30 25 0
Pakistani 690 290 400
Punjabi 85 45 40
Sinhalese 95 40 50
Sri Lankan 650 320 330
Tamil 120 65 55
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 325 140 190
East and Southeast Asian origins 60,475 28,095 32,380
Burmese 15 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 25 0 0
Chinese 41,960 19,585 22,375
Filipino 3,585 1,345 2,235
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 220 80 140
Japanese 1,465 715 760
Korean 12,600 6,105 6,500
Laotian 10 0 0
Malaysian 250 80 175
Mongolian 35 0 30
Singaporean 15 10 0
Taiwanese 1,185 565 615
Thai 150 70 85
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 415 195 220
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 25 0 15
Other Asian origins 185 100 85
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 185 95 85
Oceania origins 145 90 60
Australian 120 75 45
New Zealander 20 0 10
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 138,635 65,655 72,975
Buddhist 4,465 1,790 2,675
Christian 60,205 26,755 33,450
Anglican 3,705 1,470 2,235
Baptist 2,995 1,295 1,700
Catholic 24,610 10,745 13,865
Christian Orthodox 5,470 2,485 2,985
Lutheran 940 405 535
Pentecostal 985 425 560
Presbyterian 4,110 1,980 2,130
United Church 3,565 1,480 2,080
Other Christian 13,830 6,470 7,360
Hindu 2,780 1,340 1,440
Jewish 8,345 3,940 4,405
Muslim 15,125 7,390 7,730
Sikh 225 105 120
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 950 465 485
No religious affiliation 46,540 23,870 22,675
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 138,630 65,655 72,980
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 365 215 145
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 215 115 100
Métis single identity 125 90 35
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 138,270 65,440 72,830
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 138,630 65,655 72,980
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 80 30 40
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 138,555 65,620 72,930
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 138,630 65,655 72,975
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 575 305 270
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 445 220 225
Métis ancestry 140 95 40
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 138,060 65,350 72,710
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 97,375 45,455 51,920
Aboriginal languages 90 35 55
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 80 30 50
Non-Aboriginal languages 97,310 45,430 51,880
Italian 2,765 1,215 1,550
Portuguese 925 430 495
Romanian 1,715 890 825
Spanish 3,915 1,695 2,220
Dutch 315 170 140
Flemish 25 0 15
German 1,765 925 835
Yiddish 635 325 310
Danish 70 15 55
Norwegian 25 0 15
Swedish 65 55 0
Afrikaans 185 90 95
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 40 25 15
Bulgarian 230 120 105
Croatian 215 100 115
Czech 130 60 70
Macedonian 275 140 140
Polish 550 240 305
Russian 5,040 2,215 2,820
Serbian 580 260 320
Serbo-Croatian 40 0 30
Slovak 110 55 55
Slovenian 20 0 20
Ukrainian 750 360 390
Latvian 130 55 75
Lithuanian 15 0 0
Greek 1,055 525 530
Armenian 640 325 320
Albanian 215 135 85
Estonian 240 105 140
Finnish 155 85 65
Hungarian 980 455 525
Turkish 1,115 590 525
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 250 95 155
Amharic 25 0 15
Arabic 2,645 1,365 1,280
Hebrew 1,610 750 865
Maltese 35 0 30
Tigrigna 25 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 395 220 175
Gujarati 810 350 460
Hindi 2,220 1,115 1,105
Konkani 85 25 60
Marathi 190 85 100
Panjabi (Punjabi) 505 250 255
Sindhi 160 70 95
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 90 120
Urdu 1,215 565 645
Nepali 75 60 0
Kurdish 105 50 55
Pashto 90 50 35
Persian (Farsi) 13,930 7,135 6,795
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 130 65 70
Kannada 100 45 55
Malayalam 105 70 40
Tamil 745 345 395
Telugu 170 80 90
Japanese 1,485 705 780
Korean 11,680 5,600 6,080
Cantonese 13,700 6,030 7,675
Fukien 195 70 120
Hakka 180 100 80
Mandarin 14,010 6,285 7,730
Taiwanese 675 320 360
Chinese, n.o.s. 12,590 5,885 6,710
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 145 55 85
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 355 150 200
Bisayan languages 60 0 45
Ilocano 100 50 50
Malay 435 195 240
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,760 935 1,830
Akan (Twi) 35 0 25
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 30 0 0
Swahili 165 90 75
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25
African languages, n.i.e. 75 20 55
Creoles 180 85 90
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,140 560 575
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 137,395 65,125 72,270
Non-movers 114,635 54,115 60,520
Movers 22,760 11,005 11,750
Non-migrants 13,615 6,440 7,175
Migrants 9,140 4,570 4,575
Internal migrants 4,145 2,050 2,095
Intraprovincial migrants 3,300 1,630 1,670
Interprovincial migrants 850 430 425
External migrants 4,995 2,515 2,485
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 133,065 62,855 70,205
Non-movers 68,180 31,730 36,455
Movers 64,880 31,130 33,750
Non-migrants 35,965 17,045 18,920
Migrants 28,915 14,090 14,830
Internal migrants 12,040 6,115 5,930
Intraprovincial migrants 9,725 4,905 4,820
Interprovincial migrants 2,315 1,210 1,105
External migrants 16,875 7,975 8,900
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 122,535 57,310 65,220
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,100 4,950 6,150
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 24,245 10,865 13,380
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 87,190 41,490 45,700
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,970 2,030 1,945
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,730 6,335 8,395
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 8,920 3,860 5,055
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 59,565 29,270 30,300
Bachelor's degree 34,970 16,350 18,620
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 24,595 12,920 11,675
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 82,375 38,260 44,115
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,555 1,225 1,335
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,875 4,855 6,020
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 68,945 32,185 36,760
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,405 1,140 1,265
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,725 4,650 6,075
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,500 2,730 3,770
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 49,315 23,665 25,650
Bachelor's degree 28,645 13,100 15,545
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 20,665 10,565 10,105
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 122,535 57,310 65,225
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 35,345 15,815 19,530
Education 4,700 750 3,950
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,760 1,410 2,350
Humanities 6,190 1,830 4,360
Social and behavioural sciences and law 10,720 4,175 6,545
Business, management and public administration 21,435 9,630 11,810
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,920 2,560 2,360
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 6,885 4,070 2,815
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 15,580 12,785 2,795
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 830 420 410
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 10,475 3,115 7,360
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,675 740 935
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 122,530 57,310 65,225
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 35,345 15,820 19,525
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 87,190 41,490 45,695
Location of study inside Canada 50,510 24,165 26,350
Same as province or territory of residence 46,440 22,270 24,170
Another province or territory 4,070 1,890 2,180
Location of study outside Canada 36,675 17,335 19,345
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 77,955 39,190 38,760
Single responses 75,640 38,145 37,500
English 70,830 35,795 35,035
French 435 125 315
Non-official languages 4,375 2,225 2,145
Chinese, n.o.s. 930 450 480
Cantonese 585 285 295
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 830 455 375
Spanish 90 60 30
Korean 1,200 580 610
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 30 15 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 705 365 335
Multiple responses 2,310 1,045 1,265
English and French 350 115 240
English and non-official language 1,895 915 980
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 45 0 35
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 77,950 39,190 38,765
English 70,835 35,795 35,035
French 435 120 315
Non-official language 4,375 2,225 2,145
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 4,370 2,225 2,140
English and French 350 115 240
English and non-official language 1,895 915 980
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 45 0 35
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 122,535 57,310 65,225
In the labour force 73,475 37,315 36,160
Employed 67,305 34,335 32,965
Unemployed 6,170 2,985 3,190
Not in the labour force 49,060 19,995 29,060
Participation rate 60.0 65.1 55.4
Employment rate 54.9 59.9 50.5
Unemployment rate 8.4 8.0 8.8
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 73,475 37,315 36,160
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,675 1,305 1,375
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 70,800 36,015 34,785
Employee 60,350 29,365 30,985
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 10,445 6,645 3,800
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 73,475 37,315 36,160
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,675 1,300 1,375
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 70,800 36,015 34,785
0 Management occupations 10,010 6,040 3,965
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 15,800 5,770 10,030
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 10,995 8,355 2,640
3 Health occupations 4,585 1,605 2,980
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 9,065 3,070 6,000
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,980 1,370 1,610
6 Sales and service occupations 12,870 6,030 6,840
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,060 2,765 295
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 295 260 35
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,135 755 385
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 73,475 37,315 36,160
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,675 1,300 1,375
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 70,800 36,015 34,785
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 80 60 25
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 165 115 50
22 Utilities 495 315 180
23 Construction 1,875 1,585 290
31-33 Manufacturing 4,035 2,900 1,135
41 Wholesale trade 3,585 2,285 1,305
44-45 Retail trade 6,690 3,015 3,680
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,720 1,305 415
51 Information and cultural industries 2,980 1,675 1,300
52 Finance and insurance 8,605 4,180 4,420
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,390 1,370 1,025
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 11,915 7,045 4,870
55 Management of companies and enterprises 145 65 85
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,645 1,320 1,330
61 Educational services 5,530 1,890 3,640
62 Health care and social assistance 7,040 1,900 5,140
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,115 590 525
72 Accommodation and food services 3,265 1,625 1,640
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,175 1,165 2,015
91 Public administration 3,340 1,620 1,720
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 73,475 37,315 36,160
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,170 2,540 2,630
Worked in 2010 68,305 34,775 33,530
1 to 13 weeks 4,220 2,010 2,210
14 to 26 weeks 5,445 2,705 2,745
27 to 39 weeks 3,685 1,835 1,850
40 to 48 weeks 11,540 5,640 5,905
49 to 52 weeks 43,415 22,590 20,820
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.3 44.5 43.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 73,475 37,315 36,160
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,175 2,540 2,630
Worked in 2010 68,305 34,775 33,530
Worked full-time in 2010 56,175 30,185 25,990
Worked part-time in 2010 12,125 4,590 7,540
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 67,300 34,335 32,970
Worked at home 6,190 3,340 2,850
Worked outside Canada 975 650 325
No fixed workplace address 6,010 3,890 2,120
Worked at usual place 54,130 26,460 27,675
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 60,140 30,345 29,795
Car, truck or van - as a driver 31,095 18,575 12,515
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,095 530 1,560
Public transit 23,500 9,475 14,030
Walked 2,645 1,225 1,420
Bicycle 200 160 40
Other methods 610 375 235
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 60,140 30,345 29,790
Median commuting duration 30.7 30.7 30.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 60,140 30,345 29,795
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 6,810 4,310 2,495
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 41,450 20,025 21,425
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,880 6,010 5,870
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 57,635 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 54,990 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,650 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 57,640 ... ...
1960 or before 9,460 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,360 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,550 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,145 ... ...
2001 to 2005 10,315 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 7,805 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 57,635 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 27,440 ... ...
5 rooms 8,305 ... ...
6 rooms 6,350 ... ...
7 rooms 5,160 ... ...
8 or more rooms 10,385 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 57,640 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 15,625 ... ...
2 bedrooms 18,480 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,500 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 11,030 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 57,635 ... ...
Owner 38,840 ... ...
Renter 18,795 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 57,635 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 28,565 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 29,070 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 57,635 ... ...
1 household maintainer 36,890 ... ...
2 household maintainers 18,840 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,905 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 57,640 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,045 ... ...
25 to 34 years 10,185 ... ...
35 to 44 years 10,650 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,095 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,535 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,670 ... ...
75 years and over 7,450 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 57,635 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 54,685 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,950 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 57,635 ... ...
Suitable 50,450 ... ...
Not suitable 7,185 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 57,370 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 34,470 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 22,905 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 16,055 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 38,840 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 34.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,271 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,474 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 450,144 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 544,084 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 18,800 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 51.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,362 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,315 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 122,535 57,315 65,225
Without income 7,820 3,045 4,775
With income 114,710 54,260 60,450
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 20,320 9,915 10,400
$5,000 to $9,999 7,420 2,955 4,465
$10,000 to $14,999 9,205 3,580 5,625
$15,000 to $19,999 9,975 3,965 6,015
$20,000 to $29,999 12,185 5,285 6,900
$30,000 to $39,999 10,225 4,555 5,670
$40,000 to $49,999 9,380 4,455 4,925
$50,000 to $59,999 7,740 3,575 4,165
$60,000 to $79,999 11,310 5,675 5,630
$80,000 to $99,999 7,335 4,135 3,200
$100,000 and over 9,625 6,170 3,455
$100,000 to $124,999 4,140 2,395 1,745
$125,000 and over 5,480 3,770 1,715
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,348 32,941 24,611
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 44,055 51,650 37,237
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 122,530 57,310 65,220
Without after-tax income 7,850 3,050 4,800
With after-tax income 114,680 54,260 60,425
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 20,455 9,960 10,495
$5,000 to $9,999 7,530 2,975 4,555
$10,000 to $14,999 9,555 3,650 5,910
$15,000 to $19,999 10,280 4,105 6,175
$20,000 to $29,999 14,205 6,315 7,890
$30,000 to $39,999 12,635 5,690 6,945
$40,000 to $49,999 11,020 5,165 5,855
$50,000 to $59,999 8,380 4,325 4,060
$60,000 to $79,999 11,270 6,040 5,225
$80,000 to $99,999 4,490 2,660 1,825
$100,000 and over 4,870 3,380 1,490
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,221 30,357 23,237
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 36,171 41,633 31,266
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.3 92.5 87.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.3 77.9 69.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.0 68.3 65.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 7.3 9.6 4.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 7.4 6.5 8.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.5 6.4 6.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.1 1.7 2.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.7 7.5 12.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.7 2.3 3.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.8 2.0 3.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.9 0.7 1.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.9 0.0 2.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.4 2.4 2.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.9 19.4 16.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.1 80.6 83.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.1 1.6 2.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 38,975 20,715 18,260
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 55,968 61,619 52,197
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 68,235 76,423 58,946
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 38,950 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,705 ... ...
Average family income ($) 101,973 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,007 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,833 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 12,835 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,111 ... ...
Average family income ($) 101,329 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,828 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 82,582 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 18,315 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,739 ... ...
Average family income ($) 116,209 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,856 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 95,098 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,775 ... ...
Median family income ($) 46,016 ... ...
Average family income ($) 63,978 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 43,815 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 54,716 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 22,900 9,800 13,100
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,111 39,204 33,740
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 47,238 51,459 44,080
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,677 33,969 31,340
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 38,551 41,611 36,262
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 138,630 65,655 72,975
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 66,500 30,700 35,805
In bottom decile 22,255 10,480 11,775
In second decile 13,960 6,095 7,860
In third decile 11,040 5,215 5,825
In fourth decile 10,170 4,595 5,575
In fifth decile 9,080 4,315 4,765
In top half of the Canadian distribution 72,125 34,955 37,170
In sixth decile 10,970 5,130 5,840
In seventh decile 10,680 4,995 5,685
In eighth decile 12,425 6,070 6,355
In ninth decile 15,490 7,370 8,120
In top decile 22,565 11,390 11,175
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 57,635 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,670 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,490 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,415 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,145 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,400 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,285 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,365 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,325 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,510 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,005 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,960 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,650 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,415 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 57,635 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,510 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,435 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,175 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,845 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,275 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,375 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,495 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,310 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,835 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,770 ... ...
$125,000 and over 8,070 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 57,635 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 64,865 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 87,681 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,191 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,971 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 16,890 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 43,825 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 54,453 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,444 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 44,083 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 40,745 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,523 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 101,455 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 67,952 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 83,531 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 138,630 65,655 72,975
Less than 18 years 20,315 10,540 9,780
Less than 6 years 6,465 3,280 3,185
18 to 64 years 96,350 45,405 50,940
65 years and over 21,965 9,710 12,260
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 30,035 13,815 16,225
Less than 18 years 5,080 2,775 2,305
Less than 6 years 1,265 690 570
18 to 64 years 22,160 10,125 12,040
65 years and over 2,795 910 1,885
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 21.7 21.0 22.2
Less than 18 years (%) 25.0 26.3 23.6
Less than 6 years (%) 19.6 21.0 17.9
18 to 64 years (%) 23.0 22.3 23.6
65 years and over (%) 12.7 9.4 15.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Willowdale, Ontario (Code 35100) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 26, 2020).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Willowdale, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Willowdale, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Willowdale
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 140,456 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 129,356 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 8.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 61,430 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 57,611 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,607.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 30.48 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 140,455 66,170 74,290
0 to 4 years 5,680 2,935 2,740
5 to 9 years 4,900 2,565 2,335
10 to 14 years 5,520 2,870 2,645
15 to 19 years 7,560 3,885 3,675
15 years 1,325 665 665
16 years 1,420 745 675
17 years 1,440 750 685
18 years 1,625 835 795
19 years 1,735 885 855
20 to 24 years 11,195 5,545 5,645
25 to 29 years 12,945 6,215 6,725
30 to 34 years 11,430 5,490 5,945
35 to 39 years 9,980 4,805 5,180
40 to 44 years 10,290 4,770 5,525
45 to 49 years 10,605 4,960 5,640
50 to 54 years 10,055 4,455 5,600
55 to 59 years 9,020 4,105 4,910
60 to 64 years 8,195 3,780 4,415
65 to 69 years 5,925 2,710 3,210
70 to 74 years 5,300 2,290 3,010
75 to 79 years 4,385 1,930 2,455
80 to 84 years 3,750 1,560 2,185
85 years and over 3,735 1,300 2,435
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.5 38.7 42.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 88.5 87.4 89.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 124,355 57,795 66,565
Married or living with a common-law partner 68,455 33,935 34,515
Married (and not separated) 63,290 31,315 31,970
Living common law 5,165 2,620 2,545
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 55,910 23,865 32,045
Single (never legally married) 39,535 19,680 19,855
Separated 2,740 995 1,740
Divorced 6,565 2,050 4,515
Widowed 7,065 1,130 5,935
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 39,230 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 18,585 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 10,700 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,000 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,950 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 39,230 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 32,770 ... ...
Married couples 30,200 ... ...
Without children at home 12,355 ... ...
With children at home 17,840 ... ...
1 child 8,615 ... ...
2 children 7,420 ... ...
3 or more children 1,810 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,575 ... ...
Without children at home 2,060 ... ...
With children at home 515 ... ...
1 child 300 ... ...
2 children 170 ... ...
3 or more children 40 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,460 ... ...
Female parent 5,445 ... ...
1 child 3,435 ... ...
2 children 1,555 ... ...
3 or more children 450 ... ...
Male parent 1,015 ... ...
1 child 735 ... ...
2 children 225 ... ...
3 or more children 55 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 39,435 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,710 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,305 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,985 ... ...
18 to 24 years 10,220 ... ...
25 years and over 9,210 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 138,740 65,580 73,165
Number of persons not in census families 27,305 11,210 16,090
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,425 1,550 2,875
Living with non-relatives only 5,935 2,925 3,010
Living alone 16,940 6,735 10,205
Number of census family persons 111,435 54,365 57,075
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 21,910 9,475 12,435
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 7,105 1,635 5,470
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,290 200 1,085
Living with non-relatives only 315 125 190
Living alone 5,505 1,305 4,195
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 14,805 7,840 6,970
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 57,610 ... ...
Census-family households 37,720 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 33,530 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 28,335 ... ...
Without children 12,375 ... ...
With children 15,960 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,195 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,195 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,760 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,090 ... ...
Without children 750 ... ...
With children 1,340 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 670 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,440 ... ...
Non-census-family households 19,885 ... ...
One-person households 16,940 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,950 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 57,610 ... ...
Single-detached house 15,985 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 30,240 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 11,385 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,715 ... ...
Row house 3,405 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,500 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,740 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 57,615 ... ...
1 person 16,940 ... ...
2 persons 18,005 ... ...
3 persons 10,700 ... ...
4 persons 8,195 ... ...
5 persons 2,415 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,355 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 138,740 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,530 65,850 73,680
  Single responses  135,455 63,930 71,520
    English  47,535 23,235 24,305
    French  1,300 600 700
    Non-official languages  86,620 40,100 46,520
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 5 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 86,050 39,815 46,235
        African languages, n.i.e 30 15 10
        Afrikaans  30 20 15
        Akan (Twi)  55 25 35
        Albanian  170 90 85
        Amharic  35 20 20
        Arabic  1,705 915 790
        Armenian  630 285 350
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Bengali  435 235 200
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  40 10 30
        Bosnian  35 15 20
        Bulgarian  245 115 125
        Burmese  40 15 25
        Cantonese  10,760 4,830 5,930
        Chinese, n.o.s.  12,785 5,705 7,080
        Creoles  55 25 35
        Croatian  180 70 105
        Czech  130 55 75
        Danish  45 20 25
        Dutch  225 110 120
        Estonian  175 75 95
        Finnish  140 60 80
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  145 55 90
        German  870 395 480
        Greek  880 430 450
        Gujarati  515 240 275
        Hakka  130 65 65
        Hebrew  435 230 210
        Hindi  665 345 325
        Hungarian  835 395 440
        Ilocano  120 40 80
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Italian  1,655 780 870
        Japanese  835 320 520
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 15 5
        Korean  10,740 5,075 5,665
        Kurdish  105 50 55
        Lao  10 5 5
        Latvian  150 60 85
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  55 25 25
        Macedonian  240 115 125
        Malay  315 140 170
        Malayalam  115 65 55
        Maltese  20 10 10
        Mandarin  10,420 4,775 5,635
        Marathi  90 45 40
        Nepali  25 15 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Norwegian  20 15 5
        Oromo  10 0 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  220 110 110
        Pashto  30 15 15
        Persian (Farsi)  12,650 6,355 6,295
        Polish  690 295 395
        Portuguese  665 300 360
        Romanian  1,540 730 815
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  4,000 1,770 2,225
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Serbian  515 250 265
        Serbo-Croatian  65 30 30
        Shanghainese  90 30 55
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  135 55 75
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  100 50 55
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slovak  115 55 60
        Slovenian  85 35 50
        Somali  100 30 65
        Spanish  2,120 960 1,160
        Swahili  30 15 15
        Swedish  20 5 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,810 555 1,255
        Taiwanese  575 250 320
        Tamil  525 270 255
        Telugu  85 45 40
        Thai  65 20 45
        Tibetan languages  0 0 5
        Tigrigna  20 5 15
        Turkish  560 295 265
        Ukrainian  300 110 190
        Urdu  725 355 370
        Vietnamese  330 140 190
        Yiddish  340 155 185
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 570 280 285
  Multiple responses          4,075 1,915 2,160
    English and French  245 120 125
    English and non-official language  3,515 1,640 1,875
    French and non-official language  160 80 80
    English, French and non-official language 150 75 70
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,530 65,850 73,680
  English only 119,480 57,520 61,960
  French only 125 45 80
  English and French 11,590 5,085 6,505
  Neither English nor French 8,335 3,205 5,135
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,535 65,850 73,680
  English 127,550 61,030 66,520
  French 1,490 680 810
  English and French 2,270 995 1,275
  Neither English nor French 8,220 3,145 5,075
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,625 1,180 1,450
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.9 1.8 2.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,530 65,850 73,680
  Single responses 129,735 61,290 68,445
    English 70,030 33,465 36,560
    French 605 290 315
    Non-official languages 59,105 27,535 31,575
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 58,905 27,435 31,470
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Afrikaans 5 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 40 15 25
        Albanian 95 55 45
        Amharic 15 5 10
        Arabic 860 430 430
        Armenian 355 150 205
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 190 100 95
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 25 15 15
        Bosnian 20 10 10
        Bulgarian 135 65 70
        Burmese 10 5 5
        Cantonese 8,490 3,730 4,760
        Chinese, n.o.s. 8,920 4,035 4,880
        Creoles 45 25 25
        Croatian 65 35 35
        Czech 30 15 15
        Danish 5 5 5
        Dutch 25 10 10
        Estonian 55 25 35
        Finnish 60 30 25
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 60 20 40
        German 190 90 100
        Greek 335 165 175
        Gujarati 230 110 120
        Hakka 35 20 15
        Hebrew 175 90 85
        Hindi 355 180 180
        Hungarian 305 140 165
        Ilocano 45 15 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Italian 515 220 300
        Japanese 585 270 315
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5
        Korean 8,800 4,205 4,590
        Kurdish 40 20 20
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 70 35 40
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 10 5 5
        Macedonian 105 50 55
        Malay 155 70 85
        Malayalam 55 35 25
        Maltese 0 0 5
        Mandarin 8,500 4,000 4,505
        Marathi 40 25 15
        Nepali 15 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 75 35 40
        Pashto 25 10 15
        Persian (Farsi) 10,075 4,970 5,105
        Polish 225 100 130
        Portuguese 380 190 185
        Romanian 840 400 445
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 2,795 1,265 1,525
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Serbian 370 175 195
        Serbo-Croatian 25 15 15
        Shanghainese 50 25 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Sindhi 45 20 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 35 20 20
        Slovenian 20 10 15
        Somali 85 20 60
        Spanish 1,250 580 670
        Swahili 5 0 5
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 855 295 565
        Taiwanese 315 145 170
        Tamil 260 130 135
        Telugu 45 20 25
        Thai 45 20 25
        Tibetan languages 0 5 0
        Tigrigna 5 5 5
        Turkish 285 145 140
        Ukrainian 80 30 50
        Urdu 315 150 165
        Vietnamese 165 75 90
        Yiddish 10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 205 100 100
  Multiple responses         9,800 4,560 5,240
    English and French 245 115 130
    English and non-official language 9,335 4,350 4,985
    French and non-official language 50 20 25
    English, French and non-official language 165 70 90
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,530 65,850 73,680
  None 95,025 45,005 50,020
  Single responses  43,610 20,440 23,165
    English  22,430 10,745 11,690
    French  935 415 520
    Non-official languages  20,245 9,290 10,955
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 20,025 9,190 10,840
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Afrikaans  15 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  30 10 20
        Albanian  45 25 20
        Amharic  10 5 10
        Arabic  585 315 275
        Armenian  215 100 115
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 0 10
        Bengali  155 80 70
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 15
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  35 15 15
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  2,620 1,225 1,390
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,160 995 1,165
        Creoles  70 35 30
        Croatian  60 20 40
        Czech  45 15 30
        Danish  20 5 10
        Dutch  85 40 45
        Estonian  75 35 40
        Finnish  35 15 25
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  70 35 35
        German  365 165 205
        Greek  500 235 265
        Gujarati  200 90 110
        Hakka  45 15 25
        Hebrew  315 165 155
        Hindi  495 235 255
        Hungarian  280 125 155
        Ilocano  35 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Italian  740 335 400
        Japanese  310 120 185
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  1,455 675 785
        Kurdish  20 10 10
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  45 15 25
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  15 10 5
        Macedonian  80 40 45
        Malay  90 40 55
        Malayalam  45 25 20
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  1,820 790 1,035
        Marathi  35 20 10
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 5 15
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  115 45 65
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  1,630 880 755
        Polish  225 95 130
        Portuguese  220 90 120
        Romanian  405 180 220
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  865 375 490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  115 60 55
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  45 15 30
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  50 20 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  45 25 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  50 20 30
        Slovenian  30 10 20
        Somali  30 15 15
        Spanish  790 350 440
        Swahili  35 20 20
        Swedish  20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  690 210 475
        Taiwanese  210 95 115
        Tamil  185 95 90
        Telugu  30 15 15
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  220 110 115
        Ukrainian  120 55 65
        Urdu  340 155 185
        Vietnamese  100 45 60
        Yiddish  40 15 30
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 215 100 115
  Multiple responses          900 400 500
    English and French  145 60 85
    English and non-official language  405 200 205
    French and non-official language  340 135 205
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Willowdale, Ontario (Code 35100) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 26, 2020).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Willowdale (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Willowdale, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Willowdale (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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