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NHS Profile, Kitchener Centre, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Kitchener Centre, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener Centre
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 100,755 49,790 50,970
Canadian citizens 94,320 46,665 47,655
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,655 9,260 8,390
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,665 37,400 39,265
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 6,435 3,125 3,315
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 100,755 49,785 50,970
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 75,080 37,430 37,650
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 24,670 11,810 12,865
Before 1971 6,235 2,835 3,400
1971 to 1980 2,845 1,430 1,420
1981 to 1990 3,155 1,635 1,520
1991 to 2000 5,265 2,480 2,780
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,170 3,425 3,745
2001 to 2005 3,045 1,505 1,545
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,125 1,925 2,200
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,005 550 455
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 24,675 11,805 12,865
Under 5 years 2,450 1,165 1,285
5 to 14 years 4,775 2,480 2,295
15 to 24 years 5,955 2,605 3,350
25 to 44 years 9,825 4,810 5,020
45 years and over 1,665 755 915
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 100,755 49,785 50,970
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 75,075 37,430 37,650
Born in province of residence 67,265 33,620 33,650
Born outside province of residence 7,810 3,810 4,000
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 24,670 11,810 12,865
Americas 3,730 1,685 2,050
United States 850 340 515
Jamaica 355 155 200
Guyana 355 175 180
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 120 55 65
Trinidad and Tobago 160 80 80
Colombia 230 90 140
El Salvador 785 370 415
Peru 40 40 0
Chile 130 70 65
Other places of birth in Americas 705 325 380
Europe 13,230 6,210 7,020
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,115 1,005 1,110
Italy 270 140 130
Germany 1,670 730 940
Poland 1,070 530 540
Portugal 790 420 375
Netherlands 345 125 220
France 65 15 50
Romania 1,325 670 655
Russian Federation 170 65 100
Greece 250 110 135
Ukraine 250 90 160
Croatia 930 440 490
Hungary 220 95 125
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,225 565 670
Serbia 1,005 425 580
Ireland, Republic of 125 45 80
Other places of birth in Europe 1,395 740 655
Africa 1,445 755 695
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 50 45 0
Egypt 125 65 55
South Africa, Republic of 75 20 55
Nigeria 125 45 75
Ethiopia 260 125 135
Kenya 15 10 10
Other places of birth in Africa 790 440 350
Asia 6,215 3,135 3,080
India 785 405 375
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 665 320 345
Philippines 275 135 140
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 90 25 60
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 600 310 295
Pakistan 380 190 195
Sri Lanka 60 35 30
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 260 145 120
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 160 85 75
Lebanon 55 40 15
Taiwan 60 30 35
Iraq 375 170 205
Bangladesh 190 95 95
Afghanistan 345 135 210
Japan 40 15 15
Turkey 85 35 50
Other places of birth in Asia 1,795 975 820
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 45 25 20
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 45 20 20
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,005 555 455
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,125 1,925 2,205
Americas 550 235 315
United States 190 60 130
Mexico 60 40 20
Cuba 20 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 10 0 0
Brazil 30 0 15
Colombia 120 50 65
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 25 20 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 70 20 50
Europe 815 390 430
France 0 0 0
Germany 15 0 0
Poland 70 20 55
Romania 220 100 120
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 45 25 20
Ukraine 20 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 65 35 25
Other places of birth in Europe 365 180 185
Africa 645 315 330
Nigeria 110 45 70
Ethiopia 115 60 55
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 95 45 50
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 60 35 20
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 240 115 130
Asia 2,110 990 1,125
Philippines 35 0 35
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 275 140 140
India 195 80 115
Pakistan 90 40 55
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 145 70 70
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 65 40 25
Sri Lanka 30 0 0
Iraq 295 125 175
Bangladesh 135 60 75
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 60 30 30
Taiwan 35 0 20
Afghanistan 50 25 20
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 10 0 0
Israel 40 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 25 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 50 25 20
Other places of birth in Asia 540 260 280
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 100,760 49,785 50,970
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 25,895 12,455 13,440
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 19,165 9,855 9,310
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 55,700 27,480 28,220
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 100,755 49,785 50,970
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 14,705 7,235 7,465
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,840 1,415 1,425
Chinese 1,620 740 885
Black 2,780 1,440 1,340
Filipino 370 175 200
Latin American 2,160 965 1,190
Arab 915 505 405
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,200 1,065 1,140
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 950 450 495
Korean 210 100 110
Japanese 135 55 75
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 175 120 55
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 355 215 145
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 86,055 42,550 43,505
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 100,755 49,785 50,970
North American Aboriginal origins 3,030 1,565 1,460
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,555 1,315 1,235
Inuit 95 40 45
Métis 470 250 225
Other North American origins 23,160 11,460 11,695
Acadian 110 55 65
American 1,200 715 490
Canadian 21,960 10,775 11,195
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 305 185 120
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 35 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 76,460 37,715 38,740
British Isles origins 42,545 20,890 21,655
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 23,040 11,305 11,740
Irish 18,260 8,580 9,685
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 17,725 8,830 8,895
Welsh 1,820 915 910
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,735 1,355 1,380
French origins 10,285 4,755 5,525
Alsatian 150 70 80
Breton 0 0 0
French 10,170 4,695 5,475
Western European origins (except French origins) 29,990 14,675 15,320
Austrian 1,115 600 510
Belgian 360 185 175
Dutch 4,210 2,000 2,210
Flemish 40 15 20
Frisian 40 15 25
German 25,320 12,365 12,950
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 1,385 705 685
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,590 755 840
Danish 365 205 160
Finnish 325 150 180
Icelandic 40 0 25
Norwegian 350 140 210
Swedish 490 250 245
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 85 30 60
Eastern European origins 12,980 6,360 6,615
Bulgarian 75 25 55
Byelorussian 160 65 95
Czech 500 220 280
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 140 105 40
Estonian 85 50 35
Hungarian 1,410 650 760
Latvian 145 95 45
Lithuanian 150 95 50
Moldovan 40 0 25
Polish 5,190 2,545 2,645
Romanian 2,230 1,125 1,105
Russian 1,260 595 665
Slovak 375 215 165
Ukrainian 2,710 1,220 1,490
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 80 20 65
Southern European origins 12,020 5,915 6,105
Albanian 410 225 185
Bosnian 475 210 260
Croatian 1,385 640 740
Cypriot 50 25 30
Greek 950 445 500
Italian 2,920 1,380 1,540
Kosovar 125 85 40
Macedonian 90 45 40
Maltese 55 40 15
Montenegrin 45 15 30
Portuguese 2,320 1,230 1,085
Serbian 2,225 1,045 1,185
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 225 110 115
Spanish 1,230 725 500
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 580 230 355
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 555 290 265
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 365 185 180
Roma (Gypsy) 20 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 155 90 65
Caribbean origins 1,445 710 735
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 40 25 15
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 80 20 55
Dominican 65 50 15
Grenadian 55 40 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 805 380 425
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 205 115 85
Vincentian/Grenadinian 15 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 115 65 50
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 60 25 30
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,665 1,410 1,255
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 65 25 40
Argentinian 20 15 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 85 40 50
Chilean 165 125 35
Colombian 280 125 155
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 20 0 0
Guatemalan 205 100 105
Guyanese 320 195 125
Hispanic 15 10 10
Honduran 25 20 0
Maya 50 20 30
Mexican 210 125 85
Nicaraguan 115 65 50
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 60 50 0
Salvadorean 1,020 490 535
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 40 30 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 90 65 25
African origins 2,260 1,210 1,050
Central and West African origins 160 60 105
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 10 10 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 120 45 75
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 15 0 0
North African origins 750 470 280
Algerian 10 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 230 140 90
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 450 270 185
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 935 485 455
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 255 155 100
Ethiopian 210 115 95
Harari 55 0 60
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 15 0 0
Rwandan 10 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 255 130 125
South African 45 20 20
Tanzanian 25 15 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 15 0 15
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 40 20 0
Other African origins 455 220 240
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 35 30 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 415 190 230
Asian origins 10,340 5,050 5,290
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,665 1,265 1,405
Afghan 615 220 400
Arab, n.o.s. 305 200 105
Armenian 155 70 85
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 45 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 395 235 165
Iraqi 325 150 175
Israeli 55 0 40
Jordanian 40 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 175 75 95
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 210 80 130
Palestinian 170 85 85
Pashtun 30 10 20
Saudi Arabian 30 0 0
Syrian 170 85 80
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 195 110 85
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 10 10 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 35 20 20
South Asian origins 2,895 1,520 1,370
Bangladeshi 65 35 30
Bengali 100 60 40
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,240 1,160 1,075
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 30 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 405 215 195
Punjabi 120 60 60
Sinhalese 50 0 30
Sri Lankan 40 0 25
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 45 30 20
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,980 2,380 2,600
Burmese 400 210 190
Cambodian (Khmer) 35 0 20
Chinese 2,175 970 1,205
Filipino 405 195 205
Hmong 365 145 220
Indonesian 70 25 45
Japanese 180 90 90
Korean 215 100 115
Laotian 700 390 310
Malaysian 30 0 25
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 40 0 35
Thai 75 55 15
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 855 395 465
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 65 30 35
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 50 20 25
Australian 40 20 20
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 10 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 10 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 100,755 49,785 50,970
Buddhist 1,300 660 635
Christian 66,575 31,165 35,415
Anglican 3,660 1,665 1,995
Baptist 2,530 1,175 1,355
Catholic 27,635 13,100 14,540
Christian Orthodox 3,995 1,925 2,070
Lutheran 6,305 2,950 3,350
Pentecostal 2,180 995 1,180
Presbyterian 3,090 1,455 1,635
United Church 5,405 2,270 3,130
Other Christian 11,775 5,620 6,160
Hindu 950 540 410
Jewish 275 145 130
Muslim 3,895 1,950 1,940
Sikh 255 140 110
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 75 35 40
Other religions 760 365 395
No religious affiliation 26,675 14,790 11,885
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 100,760 49,790 50,970
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,555 840 710
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 880 480 405
Métis single identity 580 320 260
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 15 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 35 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 45 15 30
Non-Aboriginal identity 99,205 48,950 50,255
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 100,755 49,790 50,970
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 400 215 185
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 100,360 49,575 50,785
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 100,755 49,785 50,970
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,035 1,565 1,465
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,550 1,320 1,240
Métis ancestry 470 250 220
Inuit ancestry 90 45 50
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 97,725 48,215 49,505
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 27,785 13,475 14,310
Aboriginal languages 25 0 20
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 0 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,775 13,475 14,295
Italian 545 280 270
Portuguese 1,490 785 705
Romanian 1,700 825 875
Spanish 3,015 1,420 1,595
Dutch 445 160 285
Flemish 0 0 0
German 4,120 1,855 2,265
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 60 20 35
Norwegian 10 0 0
Swedish 65 30 35
Afrikaans 25 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 160 70 90
Bulgarian 20 10 15
Croatian 1,185 565 615
Czech 135 60 80
Macedonian 35 15 20
Polish 1,330 605 725
Russian 590 270 320
Serbian 2,245 1,090 1,155
Serbo-Croatian 155 85 70
Slovak 210 120 90
Slovenian 65 15 45
Ukrainian 385 170 215
Latvian 35 20 10
Lithuanian 35 25 0
Greek 615 310 305
Armenian 95 45 0
Albanian 495 285 210
Estonian 25 10 0
Finnish 45 0 30
Hungarian 425 210 215
Turkish 180 80 100
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 60 40 20
Somali 230 115 120
Amharic 195 100 95
Arabic 1,405 800 605
Hebrew 65 25 40
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 165 90 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 35 110
Bengali 215 120 90
Gujarati 575 290 285
Hindi 715 365 345
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 400 215 185
Sindhi 55 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 30 25
Urdu 625 310 320
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 85 45 45
Pashto 70 40 30
Persian (Farsi) 870 385 490
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 30 50
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 25 10 10
Tamil 55 25 30
Telugu 40 30 0
Japanese 150 75 80
Korean 195 95 100
Cantonese 280 130 150
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 450 220 235
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 885 465 425
Lao 545 330 210
Thai 90 70 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 0 20
Vietnamese 800 395 405
Bisayan languages 25 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 55 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 220 80 140
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 0 0
Swahili 55 35 20
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 30 55
African languages, n.i.e. 155 80 75
Creoles 20 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 950 490 460
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 99,635 49,290 50,340
Non-movers 83,885 41,430 42,450
Movers 15,745 7,855 7,890
Non-migrants 9,860 4,975 4,880
Migrants 5,890 2,880 3,005
Internal migrants 4,850 2,350 2,495
Intraprovincial migrants 4,340 2,090 2,255
Interprovincial migrants 505 265 245
External migrants 1,040 530 510
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 95,340 46,900 48,440
Non-movers 54,575 26,620 27,955
Movers 40,770 20,280 20,490
Non-migrants 24,445 12,415 12,030
Migrants 16,320 7,860 8,460
Internal migrants 12,205 5,960 6,245
Intraprovincial migrants 10,800 5,340 5,455
Interprovincial migrants 1,405 615 795
External migrants 4,120 1,900 2,215
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 85,430 41,730 43,700
No certificate, diploma or degree 18,425 8,675 9,750
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 23,685 11,555 12,130
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 43,325 21,505 21,820
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,945 4,660 2,285
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,835 7,500 9,335
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,485 1,155 1,335
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,060 8,195 8,865
Bachelor's degree 10,460 4,795 5,665
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,600 3,400 3,200
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 56,965 28,545 28,420
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,490 4,005 3,480
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 15,240 7,710 7,525
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 34,240 16,830 17,415
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,735 3,140 1,595
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,405 6,025 7,380
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,895 870 1,025
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 14,205 6,790 7,415
Bachelor's degree 8,440 3,920 4,525
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,770 2,875 2,895
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 85,430 41,735 43,700
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 42,110 20,230 21,880
Education 2,460 645 1,810
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,710 900 810
Humanities 3,165 1,235 1,935
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,510 1,645 2,870
Business, management and public administration 8,485 3,340 5,145
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,565 730 830
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,215 1,590 625
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,030 9,085 945
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 625 305 320
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,785 920 4,865
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,700 1,100 1,600
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 90 0 75
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 85,430 41,735 43,695
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 42,105 20,225 21,875
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 43,325 21,505 21,820
Location of study inside Canada 35,690 17,460 18,235
Same as province or territory of residence 33,710 16,410 17,295
Another province or territory 1,985 1,050 935
Location of study outside Canada 7,635 4,050 3,590
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 59,450 31,000 28,455
Single responses 59,090 30,860 28,230
English 58,575 30,635 27,935
French 150 55 90
Non-official languages 365 170 195
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 20 50
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 0 0
Spanish 20 0 15
Korean 0 0 0
German 20 0 15
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 190 100 90
Multiple responses 365 135 225
English and French 110 25 80
English and non-official language 250 110 140
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 59,455 31,000 28,455
English 58,575 30,635 27,940
French 150 55 95
Non-official language 365 170 195
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 360 165 195
English and French 110 30 85
English and non-official language 255 110 145
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 85,430 41,730 43,695
In the labour force 56,060 29,460 26,600
Employed 51,810 27,250 24,560
Unemployed 4,250 2,215 2,040
Not in the labour force 29,375 12,275 17,100
Participation rate 65.6 70.6 60.9
Employment rate 60.6 65.3 56.2
Unemployment rate 7.6 7.5 7.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 56,060 29,460 26,600
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,275 555 720
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,790 28,910 25,880
Employee 50,155 26,050 24,105
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,630 2,855 1,775
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 56,060 29,460 26,600
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,270 555 720
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,790 28,910 25,875
0 Management occupations 4,565 2,680 1,885
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,570 2,610 5,960
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,490 3,595 895
3 Health occupations 2,965 520 2,450
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,055 2,140 3,910
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,640 735 905
6 Sales and service occupations 12,930 5,450 7,480
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 8,020 7,555 465
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 480 385 90
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 5,075 3,240 1,835
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 56,060 29,460 26,595
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,270 550 720
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,790 28,910 25,880
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 285 140 145
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 60 55 0
22 Utilities 160 115 45
23 Construction 3,520 3,220 300
31-33 Manufacturing 9,800 6,830 2,975
41 Wholesale trade 2,115 1,495 625
44-45 Retail trade 6,120 2,940 3,175
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,580 2,040 540
51 Information and cultural industries 1,345 600 750
52 Finance and insurance 3,070 940 2,130
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,005 505 500
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,670 2,035 1,640
55 Management of companies and enterprises 35 30 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,765 1,565 1,200
61 Educational services 4,590 1,780 2,810
62 Health care and social assistance 5,200 820 4,390
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 915 475 445
72 Accommodation and food services 3,345 1,315 2,030
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,930 955 975
91 Public administration 2,270 1,065 1,205
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 56,060 29,465 26,600
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,990 1,355 1,635
Worked in 2010 53,070 28,105 24,960
1 to 13 weeks 2,380 1,160 1,220
14 to 26 weeks 3,785 1,870 1,920
27 to 39 weeks 3,410 1,845 1,565
40 to 48 weeks 7,810 4,345 3,465
49 to 52 weeks 35,685 18,890 16,795
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.5 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 56,060 29,460 26,600
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,990 1,355 1,635
Worked in 2010 53,070 28,105 24,965
Worked full-time in 2010 42,700 24,450 18,245
Worked part-time in 2010 10,375 3,655 6,715
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 51,810 27,250 24,560
Worked at home 2,550 1,320 1,230
Worked outside Canada 225 155 70
No fixed workplace address 5,120 3,755 1,360
Worked at usual place 43,915 22,015 21,895
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 49,035 25,775 23,260
Car, truck or van - as a driver 37,360 20,110 17,245
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,420 1,465 1,960
Public transit 3,975 1,955 2,025
Walked 3,190 1,500 1,690
Bicycle 665 505 160
Other methods 420 240 180
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 49,035 25,775 23,260
Median commuting duration 15.8 16.0 15.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 49,035 25,775 23,260
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 11,755 8,055 3,700
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 25,635 11,660 13,970
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,645 6,060 5,585
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 45,030 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 41,855 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,175 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 45,035 ... ...
1960 or before 16,945 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,325 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,445 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,010 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,690 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,615 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 45,035 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 15,260 ... ...
5 rooms 6,250 ... ...
6 rooms 6,445 ... ...
7 rooms 5,750 ... ...
8 or more rooms 11,325 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 45,035 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 9,380 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,460 ... ...
3 bedrooms 16,220 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,970 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 45,035 ... ...
Owner 25,110 ... ...
Renter 19,925 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 45,035 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,555 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 41,475 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 45,035 ... ...
1 household maintainer 28,550 ... ...
2 household maintainers 15,545 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 935 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 45,035 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,065 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,645 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,870 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,525 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,475 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,105 ... ...
75 years and over 5,360 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 45,035 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 44,215 ... ...
More than one person per room 815 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 45,030 ... ...
Suitable 42,340 ... ...
Not suitable 2,695 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 45,000 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 32,170 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 12,830 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 10,745 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 25,105 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 19.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,129 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,129 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 250,816 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 276,610 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 19,925 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 808 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 819 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 85,435 41,735 43,700
Without income 3,790 1,655 2,135
With income 81,640 40,080 41,560
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,145 3,675 3,470
$5,000 to $9,999 5,300 1,740 3,555
$10,000 to $14,999 7,510 2,920 4,590
$15,000 to $19,999 8,290 3,055 5,235
$20,000 to $29,999 13,110 6,010 7,100
$30,000 to $39,999 11,455 5,555 5,895
$40,000 to $49,999 8,640 4,430 4,210
$50,000 to $59,999 6,465 3,815 2,655
$60,000 to $79,999 7,425 4,795 2,625
$80,000 to $99,999 3,375 2,085 1,290
$100,000 and over 2,920 1,990 925
$100,000 to $124,999 1,490 995 495
$125,000 and over 1,425 995 430
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,464 34,525 24,727
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,019 42,303 31,923
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 85,435 41,730 43,695
Without after-tax income 3,795 1,655 2,135
With after-tax income 81,640 40,080 41,560
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,200 3,670 3,525
$5,000 to $9,999 5,415 1,780 3,635
$10,000 to $14,999 7,740 3,005 4,735
$15,000 to $19,999 8,815 3,310 5,500
$20,000 to $29,999 15,660 7,260 8,400
$30,000 to $39,999 13,240 6,635 6,605
$40,000 to $49,999 9,380 5,235 4,145
$50,000 to $59,999 5,745 3,795 1,955
$60,000 to $79,999 5,685 3,535 2,155
$80,000 to $99,999 1,525 1,000 520
$100,000 and over 1,230 845 385
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,147 31,415 23,356
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,831 35,731 28,070
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.6 88.2 80.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.6 77.7 68.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.7 72.7 65.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.9 5.0 2.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.2 3.0 3.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.4 6.3 6.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.2 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.4 11.8 19.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.2 3.7 4.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.5 2.5 4.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.6 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.4 3.9 5.0
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.0 15.5 12.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 86.0 84.5 87.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.0 1.0 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 30,455 17,045 13,410
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,802 49,157 40,920
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 52,413 56,923 46,681
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,745 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,676 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,414 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,758 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,806 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,900 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,168 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,320 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 58,064 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,451 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,075 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,932 ... ...
Average family income ($) 101,525 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 77,640 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,288 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,765 ... ...
Median family income ($) 44,694 ... ...
Average family income ($) 53,393 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,676 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,963 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 20,490 10,155 10,335
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,039 31,714 25,051
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,900 39,413 32,449
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,055 29,065 23,768
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,946 33,341 28,592
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 100,755 49,790 50,970
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 54,440 25,870 28,570
In bottom decile 10,875 5,265 5,615
In second decile 10,810 4,545 6,260
In third decile 11,045 5,220 5,830
In fourth decile 11,725 5,785 5,935
In fifth decile 9,985 5,055 4,930
In top half of the Canadian distribution 46,315 23,915 22,400
In sixth decile 10,780 5,350 5,430
In seventh decile 10,330 5,415 4,915
In eighth decile 10,075 5,245 4,835
In ninth decile 8,245 4,405 3,840
In top decile 6,885 3,505 3,380
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 45,035 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,150 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 855 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,975 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,495 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,980 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,730 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,120 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,425 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,720 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,975 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,050 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,845 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 45,035 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,155 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 860 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,035 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,570 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,620 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,620 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,605 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,460 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,975 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,415 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,720 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,940 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,780 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 45,035 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 53,152 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 67,110 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 48,355 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 57,705 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 15,510 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,685 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,783 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,196 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,514 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,530 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 70,484 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 82,512 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 63,148 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,934 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 100,755 49,790 50,970
Less than 18 years 18,710 9,745 8,965
Less than 6 years 6,545 3,535 3,010
18 to 64 years 66,975 33,610 33,365
65 years and over 15,070 6,435 8,640
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 16,830 7,635 9,200
Less than 18 years 4,180 2,165 2,015
Less than 6 years 1,600 865 730
18 to 64 years 11,130 5,025 6,105
65 years and over 1,525 445 1,080
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 16.7 15.3 18.0
Less than 18 years (%) 22.3 22.2 22.5
Less than 6 years (%) 24.4 24.5 24.3
18 to 64 years (%) 16.6 15.0 18.3
65 years and over (%) 10.1 6.9 12.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Kitchener Centre, Ontario (Code 35045) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 20, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Kitchener Centre, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Kitchener Centre, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener Centre
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 102,435 50,350 52,090
0 to 4 years 5,555 2,845 2,710
5 to 9 years 4,835 2,495 2,335
10 to 14 years 5,040 2,575 2,460
15 to 19 years 5,905 3,045 2,865
15 years 1,115 575 545
16 years 1,150 605 545
17 years 1,135 575 555
18 years 1,200 610 590
19 years 1,305 675 630
20 to 24 years 7,645 3,840 3,800
25 to 29 years 8,705 4,375 4,330
30 to 34 years 7,335 3,775 3,560
35 to 39 years 6,690 3,430 3,265
40 to 44 years 6,960 3,545 3,420
45 to 49 years 8,030 4,040 3,985
50 to 54 years 7,625 3,805 3,820
55 to 59 years 6,585 3,170 3,415
60 to 64 years 5,640 2,730 2,905
65 to 69 years 4,170 1,840 2,330
70 to 74 years 3,660 1,685 1,975
75 to 79 years 3,180 1,380 1,795
80 to 84 years 2,665 1,040 1,625
85 years and over 2,215 730 1,480
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.6 38.2 41.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.9 84.3 85.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 87,005 42,425 44,585
Married or living with a common-law partner 46,140 23,075 23,070
Married (and not separated) 37,820 18,935 18,885
Living common law 8,320 4,135 4,185
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 40,870 19,350 21,515
Single (never legally married) 25,795 14,315 11,480
Separated 3,255 1,435 1,820
Divorced 6,345 2,540 3,805
Widowed 5,470 1,060 4,410
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,860 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,985 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,030 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,810 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,045 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,865 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 22,610 ... ...
Married couples 18,450 ... ...
Without children at home 8,935 ... ...
With children at home 9,515 ... ...
1 child 3,855 ... ...
2 children 3,970 ... ...
3 or more children 1,690 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,155 ... ...
Without children at home 2,705 ... ...
With children at home 1,455 ... ...
1 child 785 ... ...
2 children 470 ... ...
3 or more children 205 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,255 ... ...
Female parent 4,285 ... ...
1 child 2,655 ... ...
2 children 1,190 ... ...
3 or more children 435 ... ...
Male parent 970 ... ...
1 child 695 ... ...
2 children 200 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 27,815 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,495 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,800 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,225 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,925 ... ...
25 years and over 3,375 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 100,785 49,585 51,195
Number of persons not in census families 22,495 11,215 11,280
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,160 1,000 1,160
Living with non-relatives only 4,850 3,000 1,845
Living alone 15,485 7,215 8,270
Number of census family persons 78,285 38,365 39,915
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 15,005 6,400 8,600
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,620 1,560 4,060
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 520 120 400
Living with non-relatives only 205 90 110
Living alone 4,895 1,350 3,550
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,385 4,840 4,545
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 45,015 ... ...
Census-family households 27,280 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,990 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 20,770 ... ...
Without children 10,695 ... ...
With children 10,080 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,220 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,290 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,725 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,080 ... ...
Without children 495 ... ...
With children 580 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 645 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 570 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,730 ... ...
One-person households 15,485 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,250 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 45,015 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,250 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 7,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 16,845 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,880 ... ...
Row house 3,240 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,775 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 9,890 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 45,015 ... ...
1 person 15,485 ... ...
2 persons 15,235 ... ...
3 persons 6,490 ... ...
4 persons 5,045 ... ...
5 persons 1,830 ... ...
6 or more persons 925 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 100,780 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,060 49,755 51,305
  Single responses  99,490 48,990 50,500
    English  73,685 36,480 37,210
    French  1,445 660 785
    Non-official languages  24,360 11,855 12,505
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  10 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 23,925 11,640 12,290
        African languages, n.i.e 185 95 85
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  285 145 135
        Amharic  255 125 130
        Arabic  1,055 565 485
        Armenian  25 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Bengali  205 115 90
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 0 10
        Bosnian  215 115 105
        Bulgarian  40 25 20
        Burmese  50 30 15
        Cantonese  195 110 95
        Chinese, n.o.s.  795 400 395
        Creoles  45 20 30
        Croatian  790 400 390
        Czech  185 90 100
        Danish  35 15 15
        Dutch  305 135 170
        Estonian  30 15 20
        Finnish  30 15 15
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  3,285 1,445 1,840
        Greek  410 200 205
        Gujarati  370 200 175
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  15 10 10
        Hindi  145 80 70
        Hungarian  435 200 235
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 65 25 35
        Italian  295 155 140
        Japanese  60 25 40
        Khmer (Cambodian)  75 40 35
        Korean  190 90 100
        Kurdish  160 95 65
        Lao  245 125 120
        Latvian  30 15 15
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  35 15 15
        Macedonian  30 15 20
        Malay  25 10 15
        Malayalam  45 20 25
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  415 215 195
        Marathi  25 10 10
        Nepali  10 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  55 35 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  295 155 145
        Pashto  70 35 35
        Persian (Farsi)  790 420 375
        Polish  1,215 550 660
        Portuguese  1,275 650 625
        Romanian  1,470 725 745
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 5
        Russian  340 155 185
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 90 45 45
        Serbian  1,895 925 975
        Serbo-Croatian  200 85 115
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Sindhi  30 15 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 85 50 40
        Slovak  145 70 75
        Slovenian  100 50 50
        Somali  295 150 145
        Spanish  2,045 960 1,085
        Swahili  35 15 20
        Swedish  20 15 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  215 65 145
        Taiwanese  15 10 10
        Tamil  90 50 40
        Telugu  40 25 15
        Thai  25 5 20
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  285 145 140
        Turkish  160 90 75
        Ukrainian  250 95 150
        Urdu  340 180 165
        Vietnamese  725 340 390
        Yiddish  5 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 420 215 205
  Multiple responses          1,570 765 805
    English and French  215 95 120
    English and non-official language  1,250 620 625
    French and non-official language  65 30 35
    English, French and non-official language 40 15 25
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,060 49,755 51,305
  English only 92,430 46,115 46,310
  French only 45 15 30
  English and French 6,850 2,985 3,860
  Neither English nor French 1,735 635 1,095
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,060 49,755 51,300
  English 97,500 48,260 49,245
  French 1,345 610 740
  English and French 520 270 250
  Neither English nor French 1,685 620 1,065
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,610 745 865
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.6 1.5 1.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,055 49,755 51,305
  Single responses 97,530 48,020 49,505
    English 83,995 41,475 42,525
    French 350 160 190
    Non-official languages 13,180 6,385 6,795
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,980 6,290 6,690
        African languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45
        Afrikaans 5 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 5 0
        Albanian 225 110 115
        Amharic 190 100 90
        Arabic 755 365 390
        Armenian 5 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Bengali 125 65 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 0 5
        Bosnian 135 70 60
        Bulgarian 20 10 10
        Burmese 85 45 35
        Cantonese 120 60 65
        Chinese, n.o.s. 545 290 260
        Creoles 20 10 10
        Croatian 445 205 240
        Czech 60 30 30
        Danish 0 5 0
        Dutch 20 10 5
        Estonian 10 5 5
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 620 265 360
        Greek 210 100 110
        Gujarati 235 115 120
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 90 45 40
        Hungarian 145 70 80
        Ilocano 5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 15 30
        Italian 70 35 40
        Japanese 25 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 35 20 20
        Korean 140 65 75
        Kurdish 105 60 45
        Lao 165 85 75
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 10 0 5
        Macedonian 10 5 10
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 20 10 15
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 315 170 145
        Marathi 20 10 10
        Nepali 10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 35 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 180 100 80
        Pashto 65 35 35
        Persian (Farsi) 610 325 290
        Polish 550 250 300
        Portuguese 660 310 345
        Romanian 795 370 430
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0
        Russian 205 95 110
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35
        Serbian 1,535 750 785
        Serbo-Croatian 110 55 60
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 15 10 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15
        Slovak 60 25 35
        Slovenian 35 15 15
        Somali 200 100 100
        Spanish 1,245 580 665
        Swahili 20 5 15
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 30 40
        Taiwanese 5 5 5
        Tamil 50 20 30
        Telugu 30 20 10
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 180 95 90
        Turkish 80 40 35
        Ukrainian 65 25 40
        Urdu 230 120 110
        Vietnamese 550 260 295
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 200 100 105
  Multiple responses         3,530 1,730 1,795
    English and French 125 55 70
    English and non-official language 3,310 1,635 1,675
    French and non-official language 15 5 10
    English, French and non-official language 75 35 40
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,060 49,755 51,305
  None 87,795 43,320 44,470
  Single responses  12,995 6,300 6,695
    English  5,375 2,640 2,735
    French  965 410 555
    Non-official languages  6,660 3,245 3,410
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,450 3,145 3,310
        African languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Afrikaans  0 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  30 20 15
        Amharic  65 30 35
        Arabic  280 165 110
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  60 30 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  65 35 25
        Bulgarian  0 0 5
        Burmese  20 10 10
        Cantonese  70 40 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  130 65 65
        Creoles  30 10 15
        Croatian  230 130 105
        Czech  65 25 35
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  75 30 45
        Estonian  10 5 10
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  0 5 0
        German  1,135 485 650
        Greek  165 90 80
        Gujarati  85 40 40
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  85 45 45
        Hungarian  120 55 60
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  110 50 55
        Japanese  30 15 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  35 20 15
        Kurdish  35 20 15
        Lao  65 30 30
        Latvian  10 5 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  15 5 5
        Malayalam  15 10 5
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  75 35 40
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  75 35 35
        Pashto  20 10 5
        Persian (Farsi)  85 40 45
        Polish  335 150 180
        Portuguese  400 220 185
        Romanian  385 195 190
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  75 30 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Serbian  250 120 130
        Serbo-Croatian  45 15 30
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Sindhi  15 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Slovak  35 15 20
        Slovenian  35 15 20
        Somali  85 40 45
        Spanish  715 345 370
        Swahili  25 10 10
        Swedish  10 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  65 15 50
        Taiwanese  5 5 0
        Tamil  25 15 15
        Telugu  15 10 5
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  70 35 30
        Turkish  50 25 20
        Ukrainian  55 15 35
        Urdu  85 50 35
        Vietnamese  135 60 75
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 195 100 95
  Multiple responses          270 135 135
    English and French  30 15 15
    English and non-official language  110 55 55
    French and non-official language  130 60 70
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Kitchener Centre, Ontario (Code 35045) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 20, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Kitchener Centre (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Kitchener Centre, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Kitchener Centre, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Kitchener Centre (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census