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NHS Profile, West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country, British Columbia, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 110,810 54,320 56,490
Canadian citizens 100,725 49,720 51,005
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,230 9,825 9,405
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 81,500 39,900 41,600
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 10,080 4,600 5,485
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 110,810 54,320 56,490
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 79,115 39,425 39,690
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 29,585 13,925 15,660
Before 1971 8,155 3,780 4,375
1971 to 1980 4,520 2,135 2,385
1981 to 1990 2,990 1,355 1,635
1991 to 2000 5,250 2,465 2,785
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,670 4,190 4,485
2001 to 2005 3,655 1,780 1,875
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 5,015 2,410 2,610
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,105 970 1,135
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 29,585 13,920 15,660
Under 5 years 3,115 1,490 1,625
5 to 14 years 5,060 2,590 2,465
15 to 24 years 5,935 2,715 3,225
25 to 44 years 12,425 5,440 6,980
45 years and over 3,055 1,685 1,370
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 110,810 54,320 56,485
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 79,110 39,430 39,690
Born in province of residence 51,550 25,705 25,845
Born outside province of residence 27,560 13,720 13,845
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 29,585 13,920 15,665
Americas 3,525 1,570 1,955
United States 2,565 1,140 1,425
Jamaica 75 30 45
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 20 0 0
Mexico 220 95 130
Trinidad and Tobago 30 15 20
Colombia 70 0 40
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 50 0 40
Chile 130 40 85
Other places of birth in Americas 315 180 135
Europe 12,050 5,780 6,275
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 6,610 3,195 3,410
Italy 355 195 160
Germany 1,570 715 855
Poland 205 70 135
Portugal 30 0 0
Netherlands 405 200 200
France 265 110 155
Romania 90 30 60
Russian Federation 115 55 60
Greece 50 30 20
Ukraine 100 80 25
Croatia 100 30 75
Hungary 245 155 90
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 55 15
Serbia 35 0 20
Ireland, Republic of 205 75 140
Other places of birth in Europe 1,600 770 830
Africa 1,250 660 595
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 75 40 35
South Africa, Republic of 655 355 295
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 190 100 90
Other places of birth in Africa 310 155 155
Asia 11,865 5,505 6,360
India 945 420 520
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,215 1,005 1,210
Philippines 1,000 340 665
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 705 305 405
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 70 25 40
Pakistan 50 15 35
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 3,770 1,915 1,855
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 880 435 445
Lebanon 40 30 10
Taiwan 550 240 310
Iraq 10 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 30 0 0
Japan 555 220 340
Turkey 215 130 80
Other places of birth in Asia 830 400 430
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 895 410 480
Fiji 25 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 870 410 465
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,110 970 1,135
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 5,020 2,410 2,610
Americas 445 210 235
United States 365 170 195
Mexico 25 0 20
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 30 0 0
Europe 875 465 410
France 30 0 0
Germany 45 25 30
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 20 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 520 290 230
Other places of birth in Europe 230 125 105
Africa 70 25 50
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 45 15 25
Other places of birth in Africa 15 0 10
Asia 3,510 1,645 1,870
Philippines 430 150 280
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,055 475 580
India 135 60 75
Pakistan 10 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 940 520 420
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 400 215 180
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 10 0 0
Taiwan 155 60 95
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 95 30 70
Turkey 10 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 40 0 35
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 150 60 85
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 115 65 50
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 110,810 54,320 56,490
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 32,345 15,225 17,115
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 26,070 13,105 12,965
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 52,395 25,990 26,405
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 110,805 54,320 56,485
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 18,010 8,485 9,525
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,485 1,220 1,260
Chinese 5,230 2,460 2,770
Black 565 320 245
Filipino 1,645 685 955
Latin American 405 165 235
Arab 150 85 65
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 575 295 285
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 3,885 1,930 1,955
Korean 1,135 550 585
Japanese 1,345 515 835
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 105 35 70
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 485 220 265
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 92,795 45,835 46,965
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 110,810 54,320 56,485
North American Aboriginal origins 6,925 3,365 3,560
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,805 2,755 3,045
Inuit 25 20 0
Métis 1,200 600 595
Other North American origins 24,510 12,340 12,165
Acadian 105 40 65
American 2,335 1,045 1,285
Canadian 22,660 11,480 11,180
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 90 45 40
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 135 60 75
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 20 0 0
European origins 84,345 41,375 42,970
British Isles origins 63,765 31,180 32,590
Channel Islander 20 0 0
Cornish 55 50 0
English 40,990 19,815 21,175
Irish 21,165 9,935 11,230
Manx 30 15 0
Scottish 28,170 13,720 14,450
Welsh 3,570 1,720 1,850
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,790 1,915 1,875
French origins 10,255 4,850 5,400
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 10,245 4,850 5,395
Western European origins (except French origins) 20,435 10,110 10,320
Austrian 1,675 760 910
Belgian 640 330 315
Dutch 5,175 2,665 2,510
Flemish 90 30 60
Frisian 0 0 0
German 13,795 6,850 6,950
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 1,040 505 540
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 9,555 4,465 5,090
Danish 1,875 990 885
Finnish 790 420 370
Icelandic 770 370 405
Norwegian 3,360 1,470 1,890
Swedish 3,095 1,370 1,725
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 440 190 245
Eastern European origins 12,395 6,080 6,315
Bulgarian 70 20 60
Byelorussian 120 65 55
Czech 580 290 290
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 110 65 45
Estonian 135 50 85
Hungarian 1,555 815 740
Latvian 125 50 80
Lithuanian 145 60 90
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 3,425 1,715 1,710
Romanian 590 295 300
Russian 2,775 1,350 1,430
Slovak 260 115 145
Ukrainian 4,220 2,100 2,120
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 85 20 65
Southern European origins 7,925 3,845 4,075
Albanian 15 0 15
Bosnian 60 55 0
Croatian 535 255 280
Cypriot 20 10 10
Greek 620 325 300
Italian 4,145 1,975 2,170
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 40 0 20
Maltese 190 100 90
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 670 300 365
Serbian 185 85 105
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 185 110 80
Spanish 1,535 735 800
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 265 85 175
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,830 950 880
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 1,560 850 715
Roma (Gypsy) 40 0 40
Slavic, n.o.s. 35 10 30
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 185 90 95
Caribbean origins 465 220 245
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 25 20 0
Jamaican 195 70 130
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 160 80 80
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 40 30 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 10 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,065 555 505
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 95 75 20
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 45 20 25
Chilean 140 60 80
Colombian 70 0 45
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 145 0 0
Guyanese 75 0 0
Hispanic 20 15 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 30 0 20
Mexican 335 170 160
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 45 15 30
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 20 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 85 50 0
African origins 1,180 550 630
Central and West African origins 20 15 0
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 10 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 105 65 40
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 85 60 25
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 20 0 15
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 700 250 450
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 580 210 370
Tanzanian 45 0 45
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 10 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 35 0 0
Other African origins 345 215 130
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 15 10 10
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 330 205 130
Asian origins 18,555 8,790 9,770
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 5,595 2,810 2,790
Afghan 35 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 130 80 55
Armenian 310 85 230
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 95 40 55
Georgian 105 70 35
Iranian 4,335 2,185 2,140
Iraqi 50 15 30
Israeli 55 35 20
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 25 0 25
Kurd 50 45 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 265 140 120
Palestinian 15 15 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 35 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 10 10 0
Turk 215 160 60
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 2,600 1,310 1,285
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,335 1,185 1,150
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 10 0 0
Nepali 90 0 0
Pakistani 60 25 35
Punjabi 120 75 40
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 20 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 40 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 10,535 4,745 5,785
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 5,690 2,680 3,010
Filipino 1,765 710 1,050
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 125 45 80
Japanese 1,605 665 940
Korean 1,240 585 655
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 60 30 25
Mongolian 20 0 15
Singaporean 30 0 0
Taiwanese 200 70 130
Thai 170 65 105
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 185 125 60
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 55 0 40
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 50 0 40
Oceania origins 1,255 555 700
Australian 845 390 460
New Zealander 250 90 165
Pacific Islands origins 175 85 95
Fijian 55 30 30
Hawaiian 60 35 20
Maori 35 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 25 0 20
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 110,805 54,320 56,485
Buddhist 1,495 700 800
Christian 47,025 21,115 25,915
Anglican 9,540 4,090 5,445
Baptist 1,795 770 1,020
Catholic 14,750 6,625 8,125
Christian Orthodox 725 415 310
Lutheran 1,710 645 1,065
Pentecostal 690 305 390
Presbyterian 1,195 660 530
United Church 7,515 3,300 4,220
Other Christian 9,110 4,310 4,805
Hindu 295 145 155
Jewish 1,160 580 580
Muslim 3,630 1,775 1,860
Sikh 1,060 510 550
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 585 280 305
Other religions 885 360 525
No religious affiliation 54,670 28,870 25,800
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 110,805 54,320 56,485
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 5,495 2,725 2,770
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,445 2,230 2,215
Métis single identity 945 440 505
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 35 0 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 40 20 25
Non-Aboriginal identity 105,310 51,600 53,720
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 110,810 54,320 56,490
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 3,970 2,035 1,935
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 106,835 52,285 54,550
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 110,810 54,320 56,490
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 6,925 3,365 3,560
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,800 2,760 3,040
Métis ancestry 1,195 605 595
Inuit ancestry 25 20 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 103,885 50,955 52,930
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 25,975 12,195 13,780
Aboriginal languages 380 190 195
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 370 180 190
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,595 12,010 13,585
Italian 1,160 550 615
Portuguese 200 75 130
Romanian 140 60 75
Spanish 3,075 1,390 1,690
Dutch 635 290 345
Flemish 30 0 0
German 3,690 1,775 1,915
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 350 200 150
Norwegian 110 65 45
Swedish 195 115 75
Afrikaans 355 155 195
Gaelic languages 40 0 20
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 40 0 25
Croatian 165 60 110
Czech 235 120 115
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 370 155 220
Russian 465 225 245
Serbian 50 30 20
Serbo-Croatian 25 0 20
Slovak 145 60 85
Slovenian 50 40 0
Ukrainian 140 70 75
Latvian 30 0 15
Lithuanian 20 0 20
Greek 175 110 70
Armenian 110 45 55
Albanian 10 0 0
Estonian 35 20 15
Finnish 105 15 85
Hungarian 340 205 135
Turkish 435 290 145
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 170 110 65
Hebrew 150 85 65
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 200 90 100
Hindi 325 125 195
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,120 545 575
Sindhi 85 40 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 65 25 35
Nepali 90 0 0
Kurdish 35 30 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 4,265 2,135 2,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 50 35 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 1,220 495 725
Korean 1,070 535 540
Cantonese 925 440 485
Fukien 35 25 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,025 955 1,070
Taiwanese 115 60 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,540 715 825
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 105 35 65
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 180 115 65
Bisayan languages 70 25 45
Ilocano 40 0 30
Malay 190 75 120
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,320 440 880
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 100 30 70
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 35 25 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 325 130 195
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 109,775 53,860 55,915
Non-movers 93,300 45,910 47,390
Movers 16,475 7,945 8,525
Non-migrants 8,225 3,950 4,275
Migrants 8,250 4,000 4,255
Internal migrants 6,165 3,005 3,160
Intraprovincial migrants 5,085 2,525 2,560
Interprovincial migrants 1,080 480 600
External migrants 2,085 990 1,095
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 105,525 51,725 53,800
Non-movers 60,295 29,775 30,520
Movers 45,230 21,955 23,280
Non-migrants 19,255 9,305 9,950
Migrants 25,975 12,650 13,325
Internal migrants 19,175 9,410 9,760
Intraprovincial migrants 14,995 7,340 7,655
Interprovincial migrants 4,175 2,070 2,105
External migrants 6,800 3,235 3,560
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 93,925 45,760 48,160
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,050 5,390 4,665
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 23,740 10,805 12,930
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 60,130 29,565 30,570
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,985 5,940 3,045
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,460 6,490 8,970
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,745 2,250 3,495
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 29,945 14,885 15,055
Bachelor's degree 17,750 8,310 9,440
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 12,200 6,580 5,615
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 60,495 29,235 31,265
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,280 1,840 1,445
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,670 6,550 7,125
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 43,545 20,845 22,705
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,235 4,265 1,975
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,035 4,575 6,460
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,945 1,520 2,425
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 22,330 10,485 11,845
Bachelor's degree 13,395 6,075 7,320
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,930 4,410 4,525
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 93,925 45,760 48,165
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 33,790 16,195 17,595
Education 4,730 1,045 3,690
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,485 1,425 2,065
Humanities 3,975 1,340 2,640
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,585 3,260 4,320
Business, management and public administration 12,565 5,685 6,885
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,620 1,545 1,070
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,590 965 625
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,345 9,310 1,030
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,520 975 555
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 8,865 2,250 6,615
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,840 1,770 1,065
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 93,920 45,760 48,165
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 33,790 16,195 17,595
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 60,135 29,565 30,565
Location of study inside Canada 43,855 21,475 22,385
Same as province or territory of residence 30,450 14,820 15,635
Another province or territory 13,405 6,660 6,750
Location of study outside Canada 16,275 8,090 8,190
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 64,035 33,690 30,340
Single responses 63,520 33,425 30,095
English 62,435 32,860 29,580
French 140 20 125
Non-official languages 945 550 395
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 135 90
Cantonese 30 15 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 200 125 75
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 80 50 30
German 25 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 375 205 170
Multiple responses 510 265 240
English and French 110 60 50
English and non-official language 375 200 175
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 64,030 33,690 30,340
English 62,440 32,855 29,580
French 140 20 125
Non-official language 940 545 395
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 940 545 390
English and French 110 60 45
English and non-official language 375 200 175
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 93,920 45,760 48,165
In the labour force 58,665 31,125 27,540
Employed 54,045 28,480 25,560
Unemployed 4,625 2,645 1,980
Not in the labour force 35,255 14,635 20,620
Participation rate 62.5 68.0 57.2
Employment rate 57.5 62.2 53.1
Unemployment rate 7.9 8.5 7.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 58,665 31,125 27,540
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,110 555 550
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,560 30,570 26,990
Employee 45,235 22,690 22,540
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 12,325 7,875 4,445
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 58,665 31,125 27,540
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,105 555 550
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,560 30,570 26,990
0 Management occupations 8,885 5,710 3,180
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,515 2,560 5,955
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,865 3,195 670
3 Health occupations 3,450 980 2,470
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,735 2,345 4,390
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,070 1,370 1,695
6 Sales and service occupations 13,550 5,845 7,695
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 7,150 6,670 480
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,475 1,115 355
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 865 775 90
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 58,670 31,125 27,540
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,110 555 550
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,555 30,570 26,990
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 945 715 230
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 670 590 80
22 Utilities 330 255 80
23 Construction 5,425 4,620 805
31-33 Manufacturing 2,250 1,710 540
41 Wholesale trade 1,480 1,040 440
44-45 Retail trade 6,215 3,055 3,160
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,100 1,485 615
51 Information and cultural industries 1,685 1,020 665
52 Finance and insurance 2,490 1,160 1,325
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,575 1,330 1,250
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,100 3,515 2,590
55 Management of companies and enterprises 150 100 55
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,550 1,310 1,240
61 Educational services 4,080 1,250 2,835
62 Health care and social assistance 5,110 1,150 3,965
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,600 1,290 1,310
72 Accommodation and food services 5,330 2,365 2,965
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,315 910 1,410
91 Public administration 3,145 1,705 1,445
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 58,665 31,125 27,540
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,495 1,190 1,305
Worked in 2010 56,170 29,935 26,240
1 to 13 weeks 3,180 1,700 1,480
14 to 26 weeks 5,000 2,580 2,415
27 to 39 weeks 4,205 2,420 1,790
40 to 48 weeks 12,550 6,315 6,235
49 to 52 weeks 31,230 16,925 14,305
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.3 43.5 43.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 58,665 31,125 27,540
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,500 1,190 1,305
Worked in 2010 56,170 29,935 26,235
Worked full-time in 2010 41,690 24,670 17,020
Worked part-time in 2010 14,475 5,265 9,210
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 54,045 28,485 25,560
Worked at home 7,610 3,700 3,910
Worked outside Canada 635 440 195
No fixed workplace address 7,595 5,605 1,985
Worked at usual place 38,205 18,740 19,465
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 45,800 24,350 21,455
Car, truck or van - as a driver 33,300 18,395 14,905
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,875 1,305 1,570
Public transit 4,475 2,120 2,360
Walked 3,125 1,335 1,790
Bicycle 1,165 685 485
Other methods 855 505 345
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 45,800 24,350 21,455
Median commuting duration 15.9 20.5 15.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 45,805 24,350 21,455
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 9,050 6,120 2,925
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,560 14,225 13,330
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,195 4,000 5,200
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 46,355 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 42,575 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,780 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 46,355 ... ...
1960 or before 7,025 ... ...
1961 to 1980 14,940 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,810 ... ...
1991 to 2000 8,725 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,500 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,355 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 46,355 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 12,045 ... ...
5 rooms 6,775 ... ...
6 rooms 5,990 ... ...
7 rooms 5,320 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,230 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 46,355 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 7,110 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,180 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,875 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 13,195 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 46,355 ... ...
Owner 34,905 ... ...
Renter 11,090 ... ...
Band housing 365 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 46,355 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 8,960 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 37,400 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 46,355 ... ...
1 household maintainer 27,675 ... ...
2 household maintainers 17,545 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,135 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 46,355 ... ...
Under 25 years 775 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,230 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,230 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,045 ... ...
55 to 64 years 10,125 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,410 ... ...
75 years and over 6,535 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 46,355 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 45,615 ... ...
More than one person per room 740 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 46,355 ... ...
Suitable 44,095 ... ...
Not suitable 2,260 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 43,665 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 29,610 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,055 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,160 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 33,875 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 51.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 26.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,066 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,522 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 648,562 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 938,325 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 10,020 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 52.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,124 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,298 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 93,925 45,760 48,160
Without income 4,435 2,035 2,400
With income 89,490 43,725 45,765
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,440 4,600 4,840
$5,000 to $9,999 5,480 2,010 3,470
$10,000 to $14,999 7,510 2,645 4,865
$15,000 to $19,999 7,710 3,000 4,710
$20,000 to $29,999 11,745 5,000 6,745
$30,000 to $39,999 10,455 4,495 5,960
$40,000 to $49,999 8,280 3,930 4,350
$50,000 to $59,999 6,080 3,205 2,870
$60,000 to $79,999 8,680 5,205 3,475
$80,000 to $99,999 4,675 2,950 1,720
$100,000 and over 9,440 6,695 2,750
$100,000 to $124,999 3,185 2,130 1,055
$125,000 and over 6,260 4,565 1,695
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,478 40,073 26,890
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 57,554 76,556 39,398
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 93,920 45,755 48,165
Without after-tax income 4,350 1,930 2,415
With after-tax income 89,575 43,830 45,745
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,040 4,880 5,160
$5,000 to $9,999 5,565 2,045 3,515
$10,000 to $14,999 7,655 2,765 4,895
$15,000 to $19,999 8,230 3,110 5,120
$20,000 to $29,999 13,360 5,745 7,615
$30,000 to $39,999 11,815 5,285 6,525
$40,000 to $49,999 8,970 4,515 4,455
$50,000 to $59,999 6,350 3,815 2,530
$60,000 to $79,999 7,900 4,800 3,105
$80,000 to $99,999 3,555 2,440 1,120
$100,000 and over 6,145 4,435 1,710
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,940 36,006 24,969
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 45,508 58,334 33,221
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.9 94.3 87.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 68.8 73.0 61.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 61.6 65.1 55.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 7.2 7.8 5.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 12.7 11.3 15.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.7 7.5 8.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.6 2.5 2.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.1 5.7 12.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.2 2.5 4.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.4 1.6 3.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.8 0.7 1.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.7 0.1 2.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.0 0.9 1.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 20.9 23.6 15.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 79.1 76.4 84.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 10.4 10.9 9.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 25,790 15,065 10,720
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 52,011 61,676 42,320
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 84,285 105,455 54,537
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 31,735 ... ...
Median family income ($) 86,160 ... ...
Average family income ($) 136,683 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 75,938 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 106,836 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 14,110 ... ...
Median family income ($) 82,450 ... ...
Average family income ($) 128,008 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,968 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 99,360 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,315 ... ...
Median family income ($) 104,700 ... ...
Average family income ($) 166,974 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 91,667 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 129,562 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,490 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,531 ... ...
Average family income ($) 68,352 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,996 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,016 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 18,710 8,590 10,120
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,595 33,141 30,551
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,433 47,579 39,912
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,193 30,527 28,482
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,653 39,459 34,271
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 110,805 54,320 56,490
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 48,920 23,055 25,865
In bottom decile 11,790 5,845 5,950
In second decile 10,260 4,470 5,790
In third decile 8,550 4,005 4,545
In fourth decile 8,785 4,250 4,530
In fifth decile 9,540 4,485 5,050
In top half of the Canadian distribution 61,890 31,265 30,625
In sixth decile 8,460 4,110 4,345
In seventh decile 9,705 4,925 4,780
In eighth decile 10,395 5,320 5,080
In ninth decile 11,770 5,945 5,830
In top decile 21,555 10,970 10,585
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 46,355 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,480 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 825 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,280 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,440 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,430 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,115 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,030 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,365 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,515 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,990 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,205 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,810 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,880 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 46,355 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,605 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 820 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,315 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,525 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,700 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,905 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,645 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,805 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,355 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,010 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,670 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,930 ... ...
$125,000 and over 7,740 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 46,355 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,340 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 111,109 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,658 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 87,938 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 12,920 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 35,162 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 47,700 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 32,106 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,803 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 33,435 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 86,336 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 135,603 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 76,401 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 106,531 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 105,300 51,625 53,675
Less than 18 years 19,880 10,265 9,615
Less than 6 years 5,895 3,010 2,885
18 to 64 years 65,405 31,805 33,605
65 years and over 20,015 9,555 10,455
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 14,035 6,660 7,375
Less than 18 years 3,035 1,530 1,510
Less than 6 years 815 405 410
18 to 64 years 9,090 4,425 4,660
65 years and over 1,910 705 1,205
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.3 12.9 13.7
Less than 18 years (%) 15.3 14.9 15.7
Less than 6 years (%) 13.8 13.5 14.2
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 13.9 13.9
65 years and over (%) 9.5 7.4 11.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country, British Columbia (Code 59042) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed February 24, 2021).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country, British Columbia

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country
British Columbia
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 112,875 55,105 57,770
0 to 4 years 4,990 2,635 2,360
5 to 9 years 5,475 2,755 2,720
10 to 14 years 6,090 3,135 2,960
15 to 19 years 7,015 3,675 3,340
15 years 1,390 710 680
16 years 1,415 750 660
17 years 1,445 720 720
18 years 1,415 735 680
19 years 1,355 760 595
20 to 24 years 6,325 3,295 3,025
25 to 29 years 5,705 2,870 2,835
30 to 34 years 5,880 2,845 3,030
35 to 39 years 6,605 3,210 3,395
40 to 44 years 7,835 3,655 4,180
45 to 49 years 8,825 4,160 4,665
50 to 54 years 9,345 4,510 4,835
55 to 59 years 8,860 4,320 4,540
60 to 64 years 8,480 4,135 4,345
65 to 69 years 6,590 3,335 3,255
70 to 74 years 4,775 2,290 2,480
75 to 79 years 3,780 1,780 2,000
80 to 84 years 3,120 1,345 1,775
85 years and over 3,175 1,145 2,025
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 45.3 44.3 46.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.3 84.5 86.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 96,310 46,585 49,730
Married or living with a common-law partner 57,580 28,640 28,940
Married (and not separated) 48,035 23,840 24,195
Living common law 9,550 4,795 4,755
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 38,735 17,950 20,785
Single (never legally married) 24,125 13,260 10,865
Separated 2,555 1,070 1,490
Divorced 6,420 2,475 3,945
Widowed 5,635 1,145 4,490
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 32,310 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 17,590 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,440 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,115 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,165 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 32,310 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 27,960 ... ...
Married couples 23,255 ... ...
Without children at home 11,840 ... ...
With children at home 11,410 ... ...
1 child 4,335 ... ...
2 children 5,205 ... ...
3 or more children 1,875 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,710 ... ...
Without children at home 3,115 ... ...
With children at home 1,595 ... ...
1 child 800 ... ...
2 children 580 ... ...
3 or more children 210 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,345 ... ...
Female parent 3,310 ... ...
1 child 1,950 ... ...
2 children 1,030 ... ...
3 or more children 330 ... ...
Male parent 1,035 ... ...
1 child 680 ... ...
2 children 275 ... ...
3 or more children 80 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 29,985 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,995 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,375 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,075 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,425 ... ...
25 years and over 3,115 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 110,660 54,235 56,420
Number of persons not in census families 20,400 9,395 11,005
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,765 735 1,035
Living with non-relatives only 5,685 3,125 2,560
Living alone 12,945 5,535 7,415
Number of census family persons 90,260 44,845 45,415
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 20,405 9,630 10,775
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,645 1,965 4,675
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 575 120 455
Living with non-relatives only 410 185 225
Living alone 5,660 1,660 4,000
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 13,755 7,665 6,090
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 46,295 ... ...
Census-family households 31,420 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 28,405 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 25,015 ... ...
Without children 13,485 ... ...
With children 11,535 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,390 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,015 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,180 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,620 ... ...
Without children 680 ... ...
With children 935 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 565 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 835 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,875 ... ...
One-person households 12,945 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,930 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 46,295 ... ...
Single-detached house 28,085 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 4,420 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 915 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 12,870 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,625 ... ...
Row house 3,165 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,325 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,680 ... ...
Other single-attached house 70 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 46,300 ... ...
1 person 12,950 ... ...
2 persons 16,960 ... ...
3 persons 6,730 ... ...
4 persons 6,300 ... ...
5 persons 2,295 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,065 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 110,660 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 112,030 54,885 57,150
  Single responses  110,605 54,200 56,410
    English  87,315 43,480 43,835
    French  2,405 1,200 1,205
    Non-official languages  20,890 9,525 11,360
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 10 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 5 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 20,535 9,355 11,180
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Afrikaans  95 40 50
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 0 5
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  190 100 90
        Armenian  85 50 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  70 25 45
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  35 10 20
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  785 340 445
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,575 720 855
        Creoles  5 0 5
        Croatian  110 45 65
        Czech  320 160 160
        Danish  265 135 130
        Dutch  590 280 310
        Estonian  55 25 30
        Finnish  125 45 75
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  10 5 10
        German  2,305 1,060 1,250
        Greek  135 70 65
        Gujarati  120 50 70
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  40 20 15
        Hindi  110 60 55
        Hungarian  225 115 110
        Ilocano  45 10 35
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  460 230 225
        Japanese  740 265 475
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 10
        Korean  1,165 495 670
        Kurdish  15 15 5
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  30 15 15
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 10
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  60 15 40
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  1,410 665 740
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  10 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  130 75 55
        Oromo  5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,240 615 625
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  3,900 1,925 1,980
        Polish  470 215 260
        Portuguese  160 70 90
        Romanian  115 50 70
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  335 145 195
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  70 35 35
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 0
        Sindhi  65 30 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Slovak  125 50 75
        Slovenian  35 25 20
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  785 340 445
        Swahili  20 15 5
        Swedish  160 70 85
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  925 245 680
        Taiwanese  95 45 50
        Tamil  15 10 5
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  60 10 45
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  120 65 55
        Ukrainian  190 90 100
        Urdu  80 35 45
        Vietnamese  50 20 30
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 340 160 180
  Multiple responses          1,425 685 740
    English and French  245 125 120
    English and non-official language  1,020 490 535
    French and non-official language  105 50 60
    English, French and non-official language 50 20 25
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 112,030 54,885 57,150
  English only 98,305 48,770 49,535
  French only 90 45 45
  English and French 12,125 5,420 6,705
  Neither English nor French 1,510 650 860
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 112,035 54,885 57,145
  English 107,620 52,820 54,805
  French 2,325 1,165 1,165
  English and French 610 265 340
  Neither English nor French 1,475 635 840
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,635 1,300 1,335
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.4 2.4 2.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 112,030 54,885 57,150
  Single responses 109,480 53,720 55,760
    English 97,960 48,250 49,710
    French 935 475 460
    Non-official languages 10,585 4,990 5,590
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,540 4,965 5,575
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 55 25 25
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 5 0 0
        Arabic 60 25 35
        Armenian 45 20 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 0 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 20 15 10
        Bosnian 5 0 5
        Bulgarian 15 5 10
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 425 200 225
        Chinese, n.o.s. 995 465 525
        Creoles 5 0 0
        Croatian 25 5 15
        Czech 95 55 40
        Danish 35 20 15
        Dutch 65 30 35
        Estonian 5 0 10
        Finnish 15 10 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 345 155 185
        Greek 30 10 15
        Gujarati 35 15 25
        Hakka 5 0 0
        Hebrew 10 10 5
        Hindi 45 20 25
        Hungarian 50 25 25
        Ilocano 20 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 75 30 45
        Japanese 440 195 240
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5
        Korean 935 405 530
        Kurdish 10 10 5
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 10 0 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 1,210 585 625
        Marathi 5 5 5
        Nepali 5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 10 0 10
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 960 470 490
        Pashto 0 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 2,965 1,450 1,515
        Polish 155 75 85
        Portuguese 35 15 20
        Romanian 70 30 35
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 185 85 100
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 30 20 15
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Sindhi 15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 35 15 25
        Slovenian 0 5 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 390 180 210
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 40 20 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 335 135 200
        Taiwanese 50 25 20
        Tamil 5 5 0
        Telugu 5 0 5
        Thai 15 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 50 20 20
        Ukrainian 10 0 5
        Urdu 20 10 10
        Vietnamese 25 10 10
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 30 15
  Multiple responses         2,550 1,165 1,385
    English and French 160 75 80
    English and non-official language 2,325 1,055 1,270
    French and non-official language 15 5 10
    English, French and non-official language 50 25 30
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 112,030 54,885 57,145
  None 99,270 48,935 50,330
  Single responses  12,430 5,790 6,635
    English  4,655 2,245 2,410
    French  1,640 785 850
    Non-official languages  6,130 2,755 3,375
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 5
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,860 2,625 3,230
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  35 15 25
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  85 50 40
        Armenian  30 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 5
        Cantonese  230 105 125
        Chinese, n.o.s.  290 135 150
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  20 10 10
        Czech  105 45 60
        Danish  75 35 40
        Dutch  195 80 115
        Estonian  15 10 10
        Finnish  30 15 15
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  835 380 460
        Greek  75 40 40
        Gujarati  100 40 60
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  35 20 15
        Hindi  70 30 35
        Hungarian  55 20 30
        Ilocano  15 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  210 100 110
        Japanese  325 145 180
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  170 75 95
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 5 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  20 10 10
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  235 100 130
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  35 25 15
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  195 95 100
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  585 310 275
        Polish  155 75 85
        Portuguese  65 30 35
        Romanian  30 10 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  85 45 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Sindhi  35 20 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  50 15 35
        Slovenian  15 10 10
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  500 235 265
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  105 45 55
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  385 85 295
        Taiwanese  60 25 25
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  25 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  30 15 15
        Ukrainian  35 15 20
        Urdu  50 25 25
        Vietnamese  20 10 15
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 265 130 140
  Multiple responses          335 155 180
    English and French  30 10 15
    English and non-official language  90 45 45
    French and non-official language  210 95 115
    English, French and non-official language  10 0 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country, British Columbia (Code 59042) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed February 24, 2021).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country, British Columbia

  • Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 5% but lower than 10%.

Download current census table

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country, British Columbia (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: West Vancouver--Sunshine Coast--Sea to Sky Country (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), British Columbia