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NHS Profile, Essex, CTY, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Essex, CTY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Essex, CTY
Ontario
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 381,350 187,305 194,040
Canadian citizens 363,520 179,520 184,005
Canadian citizens aged under 18 82,055 42,405 39,650
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 281,470 137,115 144,355
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 17,825 7,790 10,035
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 381,350 187,305 194,040
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 295,980 146,585 149,400
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 81,730 38,755 42,975
Before 1971 21,260 9,840 11,425
1971 to 1980 10,745 5,110 5,630
1981 to 1990 10,570 5,185 5,390
1991 to 2000 19,145 9,175 9,965
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 20,015 9,440 10,570
2001 to 2005 9,870 4,825 5,045
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,145 4,620 5,530
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,640 1,975 1,665
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 81,730 38,750 42,975
Under 5 years 10,490 5,375 5,110
5 to 14 years 15,090 7,485 7,605
15 to 24 years 19,800 8,705 11,095
25 to 44 years 30,215 14,350 15,865
45 years and over 6,140 2,835 3,305
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 381,345 187,305 194,040
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 295,980 146,585 149,400
Born in province of residence 279,290 138,815 140,475
Born outside province of residence 16,695 7,765 8,930
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 81,730 38,750 42,980
Americas 15,865 6,950 8,910
United States 7,850 3,110 4,745
Jamaica 610 315 295
Guyana 80 40 40
Haiti 330 130 200
Mexico 4,010 2,020 1,995
Trinidad and Tobago 285 115 170
Colombia 215 95 125
El Salvador 730 325 405
Peru 70 0 45
Chile 135 55 75
Other places of birth in Americas 1,550 730 825
Europe 34,195 16,445 17,750
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 5,550 2,530 3,025
Italy 7,300 3,600 3,705
Germany 1,290 665 625
Poland 2,865 1,285 1,580
Portugal 1,620 775 840
Netherlands 670 350 315
France 340 125 215
Romania 2,740 1,310 1,430
Russian Federation 235 100 135
Greece 805 455 355
Ukraine 400 195 205
Croatia 2,325 1,090 1,240
Hungary 750 415 335
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,300 660 645
Serbia 1,690 745 950
Ireland, Republic of 255 115 145
Other places of birth in Europe 4,050 2,035 2,015
Africa 3,685 1,685 1,995
Morocco 25 0 15
Algeria 45 25 20
Egypt 435 245 190
South Africa, Republic of 185 85 100
Nigeria 330 170 165
Ethiopia 380 175 210
Kenya 60 0 30
Other places of birth in Africa 2,225 950 1,280
Asia 27,855 13,605 14,250
India 3,570 1,825 1,745
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,445 1,630 1,820
Philippines 2,665 1,110 1,560
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 665 360 305
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,610 745 865
Pakistan 1,570 825 745
Sri Lanka 315 150 165
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 500 280 215
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 410 195 215
Lebanon 4,015 2,035 1,980
Taiwan 170 105 70
Iraq 3,870 1,935 1,935
Bangladesh 350 215 135
Afghanistan 160 35 125
Japan 60 30 35
Turkey 325 160 160
Other places of birth in Asia 4,145 1,985 2,165
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 135 70 65
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 120 60 60
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,640 1,975 1,665
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 10,140 4,615 5,530
Americas 2,895 1,395 1,505
United States 1,645 800 850
Mexico 400 205 200
Cuba 20 0 0
Haiti 310 125 190
Jamaica 65 50 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 155 70 90
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 265 135 130
Europe 1,115 475 640
France 35 0 30
Germany 30 0 20
Poland 100 45 55
Romania 260 105 155
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 30 0 20
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 175 100 75
Other places of birth in Europe 460 195 265
Africa 1,145 480 665
Nigeria 110 50 60
Ethiopia 80 50 30
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 135 45 90
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 175 80 100
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 70 25 45
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 555 225 330
Asia 4,975 2,255 2,720
Philippines 410 160 255
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 595 270 325
India 510 220 285
Pakistan 315 165 155
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 80 20 55
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 85 30 50
Iraq 1,240 565 670
Bangladesh 130 85 45
Lebanon 265 130 135
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 85 35 50
Taiwan 95 50 40
Afghanistan 100 0 80
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 55 20 0
Nepal 90 45 45
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 85 45 45
Saudi Arabia 40 15 20
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 110 60 55
Other places of birth in Asia 635 285 355
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 10 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 381,345 187,305 194,040
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 86,395 41,320 45,070
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 82,830 41,130 41,700
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 212,130 104,860 107,270
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 381,350 187,305 194,040
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 57,795 28,690 29,110
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 9,665 4,980 4,685
Chinese 7,205 3,590 3,610
Black 11,065 5,125 5,935
Filipino 4,015 1,730 2,290
Latin American 3,435 1,785 1,645
Arab 13,750 7,120 6,625
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 3,770 1,875 1,890
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,790 935 855
Korean 550 285 265
Japanese 210 95 110
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,005 535 470
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,335 620 715
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 323,550 158,615 164,935
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 381,345 187,305 194,045
North American Aboriginal origins 14,145 6,815 7,330
First Nations (North American Indian) 11,250 5,410 5,840
Inuit 95 40 55
Métis 2,990 1,450 1,540
Other North American origins 107,805 52,755 55,050
Acadian 105 50 55
American 6,260 2,830 3,435
Canadian 103,525 50,895 52,630
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 170 65 100
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 50 30 25
Québécois 325 125 200
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 50 0 0
European origins 277,305 135,465 141,845
British Isles origins 145,525 70,115 75,410
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 87,595 41,240 46,355
Irish 57,005 26,885 30,125
Manx 40 0 30
Scottish 51,485 24,930 26,555
Welsh 4,285 2,100 2,180
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 5,790 2,680 3,115
French origins 92,210 44,950 47,270
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 92,200 44,935 47,265
Western European origins (except French origins) 58,740 29,420 29,320
Austrian 2,430 1,200 1,235
Belgian 2,735 1,355 1,375
Dutch 11,430 5,770 5,660
Flemish 85 35 50
Frisian 20 10 0
German 44,870 22,465 22,405
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 1,150 615 535
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 15 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 4,925 2,335 2,585
Danish 1,300 515 790
Finnish 1,160 615 545
Icelandic 225 105 110
Norwegian 1,050 485 560
Swedish 1,280 625 655
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 180 105 75
Eastern European origins 47,000 22,475 24,530
Bulgarian 230 105 125
Byelorussian 75 20 60
Czech 1,645 805 840
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 950 395 550
Estonian 100 25 75
Hungarian 7,390 3,690 3,700
Latvian 145 65 80
Lithuanian 550 260 290
Moldovan 10 0 0
Polish 14,985 7,000 7,985
Romanian 7,240 3,385 3,855
Russian 5,250 2,420 2,825
Slovak 3,235 1,550 1,680
Ukrainian 11,460 5,570 5,885
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 65 25 45
Southern European origins 61,030 30,465 30,565
Albanian 1,280 610 675
Bosnian 820 480 340
Croatian 3,995 1,965 2,025
Cypriot 25 0 0
Greek 2,920 1,475 1,445
Italian 35,885 18,260 17,625
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 2,240 1,140 1,105
Maltese 1,285 635 660
Montenegrin 45 45 0
Portuguese 5,065 2,490 2,580
Serbian 3,850 1,985 1,870
Sicilian 150 65 80
Slovenian 980 540 440
Spanish 3,485 1,550 1,940
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 2,200 930 1,270
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,285 1,060 1,220
Basque 30 0 20
Jewish 1,580 750 830
Roma (Gypsy) 20 0 15
Slavic, n.o.s. 115 50 65
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 535 240 290
Caribbean origins 3,335 1,615 1,720
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 55 15 0
Barbadian 270 150 125
Bermudan 35 20 10
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 125 40 85
Dominican 55 15 40
Grenadian 40 25 20
Haitian 585 245 340
Jamaican 1,555 775 775
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 10 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 380 225 150
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 240 115 125
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 95 0 50
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,985 2,625 2,360
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 95 55 45
Argentinian 140 95 45
Belizean 150 70 80
Bolivian 55 50 0
Brazilian 160 105 55
Chilean 145 80 60
Colombian 310 155 150
Costa Rican 50 0 30
Ecuadorian 45 10 35
Guatemalan 270 180 85
Guyanese 155 55 105
Hispanic 25 0 15
Honduran 300 165 130
Maya 70 40 40
Mexican 1,915 995 920
Nicaraguan 180 115 65
Panamanian 40 0 0
Paraguayan 25 0 10
Peruvian 50 0 35
Salvadorean 940 470 475
Uruguayan 45 0 0
Venezuelan 70 40 35
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 170 95 75
African origins 8,765 4,145 4,620
Central and West African origins 1,115 555 565
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 30 15 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 50 0 30
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 170 50 115
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 275 145 130
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 85 55 30
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 405 195 210
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 105 50 55
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 90 60 0
North African origins 1,965 975 995
Algerian 60 35 25
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 60 40 20
Egyptian 775 370 400
Libyan 445 210 235
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 65 30 30
Sudanese 595 300 290
Tunisian 35 25 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,280 950 1,335
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Burundian 15 0 0
Eritrean 150 65 90
Ethiopian 530 195 335
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 15 0 0
Mauritian 40 0 30
Oromo 15 0 0
Rwandan 210 75 135
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 875 395 480
South African 215 115 100
Tanzanian 55 15 35
Tigrian 60 0 40
Ugandan 20 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 30 25 10
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 55 30 25
Other African origins 3,630 1,785 1,845
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,060 535 525
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,665 1,305 1,360
Asian origins 51,005 25,515 25,490
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 24,475 12,485 11,990
Afghan 195 45 150
Arab, n.o.s. 2,320 1,310 1,010
Armenian 885 390 495
Assyrian 380 200 185
Azerbaijani 20 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 775 460 315
Iraqi 4,725 2,340 2,385
Israeli 150 85 70
Jordanian 515 320 190
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 195 100 95
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 11,730 5,980 5,750
Palestinian 1,350 690 660
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 135 85 45
Syrian 1,215 535 680
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 1,200 685 515
Uighur 65 40 25
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 135 45 95
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 315 165 155
South Asian origins 10,480 5,325 5,155
Bangladeshi 265 145 120
Bengali 205 100 105
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 7,095 3,530 3,565
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 60 35 20
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 200 100 100
Pakistani 1,990 990 1,000
Punjabi 515 295 220
Sinhalese 70 25 45
Sri Lankan 305 180 130
Tamil 140 75 70
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 780 415 360
East and Southeast Asian origins 16,250 7,785 8,470
Burmese 35 20 15
Cambodian (Khmer) 660 345 310
Chinese 8,250 4,015 4,235
Filipino 4,180 1,810 2,370
Hmong 20 15 0
Indonesian 35 0 15
Japanese 300 170 130
Korean 590 305 290
Laotian 370 230 140
Malaysian 65 40 30
Mongolian 25 15 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 95 65 35
Thai 215 80 145
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,270 1,055 1,215
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 190 105 80
Other Asian origins 185 70 110
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 185 70 115
Oceania origins 320 180 135
Australian 235 150 85
New Zealander 35 0 30
Pacific Islands origins 50 25 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 30 25 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 381,350 187,305 194,040
Buddhist 2,835 1,460 1,375
Christian 284,520 135,800 148,720
Anglican 21,120 9,470 11,650
Baptist 8,155 3,960 4,200
Catholic 169,830 82,140 87,690
Christian Orthodox 11,245 5,690 5,560
Lutheran 4,230 1,985 2,245
Pentecostal 7,335 3,245 4,090
Presbyterian 6,245 2,860 3,385
United Church 18,445 8,395 10,050
Other Christian 37,910 18,060 19,850
Hindu 2,960 1,570 1,390
Jewish 1,215 575 645
Muslim 15,995 8,105 7,890
Sikh 1,910 1,010 900
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 100 45 60
Other religions 1,140 605 540
No religious affiliation 70,665 38,150 32,520
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 381,345 187,310 194,040
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 7,495 3,525 3,975
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,080 1,845 2,230
Métis single identity 2,945 1,400 1,545
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 45 20 30
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 195 105 85
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 240 150 90
Non-Aboriginal identity 373,855 183,785 190,070
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 381,345 187,305 194,040
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,145 1,090 1,060
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 379,200 186,215 192,985
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 381,345 187,305 194,040
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 14,145 6,815 7,330
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 11,250 5,405 5,840
Métis ancestry 2,990 1,450 1,540
Inuit ancestry 95 40 60
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 367,200 180,490 186,710
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 97,125 47,465 49,665
Aboriginal languages 150 70 80
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 110 60 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 0 25
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 97,095 47,460 49,630
Italian 13,705 6,790 6,920
Portuguese 2,895 1,450 1,445
Romanian 3,485 1,675 1,820
Spanish 6,165 3,250 2,910
Dutch 825 405 420
Flemish 105 60 45
German 11,110 5,515 5,595
Yiddish 40 20 25
Danish 75 25 50
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 30 0 25
Afrikaans 105 35 70
Gaelic languages 40 0 35
Bosnian 440 230 215
Bulgarian 165 75 90
Croatian 2,540 1,215 1,325
Czech 415 195 225
Macedonian 1,360 695 670
Polish 4,065 1,845 2,225
Russian 860 355 500
Serbian 3,615 1,795 1,815
Serbo-Croatian 255 115 135
Slovak 1,215 525 695
Slovenian 235 115 120
Ukrainian 840 315 525
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 125 35 95
Greek 1,395 735 660
Armenian 340 145 200
Albanian 1,315 615 700
Estonian 25 0 0
Finnish 135 65 75
Hungarian 1,695 840 860
Turkish 570 355 215
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 25 15 0
Somali 630 245 390
Amharic 235 105 130
Arabic 15,815 7,940 7,870
Hebrew 170 50 120
Maltese 270 170 95
Tigrigna 240 105 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,735 1,340 1,395
Bengali 540 300 240
Gujarati 825 460 370
Hindi 2,425 1,295 1,130
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 110 50 60
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,365 1,250 1,115
Sindhi 35 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 175 80 95
Urdu 2,670 1,345 1,325
Nepali 205 95 105
Kurdish 115 50 60
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 705 350 360
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30
Kannada 30 0 0
Malayalam 210 100 105
Tamil 465 205 255
Telugu 270 120 145
Japanese 220 135 85
Korean 545 285 260
Cantonese 1,685 840 840
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,585 760 825
Taiwanese 30 10 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,410 1,720 1,690
Lao 330 220 115
Thai 240 100 145
Khmer (Cambodian) 525 250 280
Vietnamese 2,000 900 1,100
Bisayan languages 60 20 40
Ilocano 50 20 30
Malay 125 55 70
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,795 1,135 1,655
Akan (Twi) 165 80 80
Lingala 65 30 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 30 25
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 105 35 70
Swahili 350 125 230
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 115 170
African languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65
Creoles 525 235 290
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,420 645 775
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 377,545 185,485 192,055
Non-movers 339,830 167,135 172,690
Movers 37,710 18,350 19,360
Non-migrants 24,510 11,720 12,785
Migrants 13,205 6,635 6,570
Internal migrants 10,600 5,290 5,310
Intraprovincial migrants 9,360 4,645 4,715
Interprovincial migrants 1,240 645 595
External migrants 2,605 1,345 1,265
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 360,295 176,500 183,800
Non-movers 247,275 122,020 125,255
Movers 113,025 54,475 58,545
Non-migrants 71,355 34,015 37,345
Migrants 41,665 20,455 21,205
Internal migrants 32,210 15,885 16,325
Intraprovincial migrants 29,345 14,535 14,810
Interprovincial migrants 2,865 1,350 1,515
External migrants 9,455 4,570 4,880
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 312,710 151,765 160,945
No certificate, diploma or degree 63,975 30,755 33,220
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 95,590 46,010 49,580
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 153,145 75,000 78,140
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 24,645 16,605 8,045
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 62,835 27,560 35,280
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 10,340 4,815 5,525
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 55,325 26,030 29,295
Bachelor's degree 33,045 14,795 18,250
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 22,285 11,235 11,050
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 205,505 100,040 105,465
No certificate, diploma or degree 25,250 12,560 12,690
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 60,615 29,735 30,880
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 119,635 57,740 61,895
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 17,415 11,495 5,925
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 50,600 22,220 28,385
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 7,325 3,450 3,875
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 44,290 20,580 23,710
Bachelor's degree 26,415 11,825 14,590
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 17,875 8,755 9,120
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 312,710 151,770 160,945
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 159,565 76,765 82,800
Education 12,185 3,210 8,980
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,300 1,520 1,785
Humanities 6,950 2,890 4,055
Social and behavioural sciences and law 16,365 5,185 11,175
Business, management and public administration 28,595 11,285 17,305
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,410 2,150 2,260
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 5,355 3,520 1,840
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 36,680 34,315 2,365
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,380 1,550 830
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 26,705 4,510 22,200
Personal, protective and transportation services 10,215 4,865 5,345
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 312,705 151,765 160,945
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 159,565 76,765 82,800
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 153,145 75,000 78,145
Location of study inside Canada 127,215 61,435 65,780
Same as province or territory of residence 123,335 59,465 63,870
Another province or territory 3,875 1,970 1,910
Location of study outside Canada 25,930 13,565 12,370
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 195,515 101,595 93,920
Single responses 194,240 101,105 93,130
English 191,240 99,890 91,345
French 1,585 430 1,155
Non-official languages 1,415 790 625
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 75 65
Cantonese 55 35 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 0 0
Spanish 145 115 30
Korean 35 0 0
German 260 180 80
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 80 60 20
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 685 300 380
Multiple responses 1,275 490 790
English and French 525 95 430
English and non-official language 700 370 335
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 50 0 30
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 195,515 101,600 93,915
English 191,240 99,890 91,350
French 1,585 425 1,160
Non-official language 1,415 790 625
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,415 790 625
English and French 525 95 430
English and non-official language 700 370 335
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 50 0 25
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 312,710 151,765 160,945
In the labour force 186,555 97,180 89,380
Employed 168,375 87,100 81,280
Unemployed 18,180 10,080 8,100
Not in the labour force 126,150 54,585 71,565
Participation rate 59.7 64.0 55.5
Employment rate 53.8 57.4 50.5
Unemployment rate 9.7 10.4 9.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 186,555 97,175 89,380
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 6,785 3,490 3,295
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 179,775 93,690 86,085
Employee 164,470 83,560 80,910
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 15,300 10,130 5,175
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 186,555 97,175 89,380
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,785 3,490 3,295
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 179,770 93,685 86,080
0 Management occupations 16,240 10,120 6,115
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 23,845 6,600 17,240
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 10,265 8,400 1,865
3 Health occupations 13,560 2,390 11,170
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 19,460 6,220 13,240
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,510 1,585 1,925
6 Sales and service occupations 43,650 17,945 25,700
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 27,595 25,800 1,800
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 4,335 2,895 1,445
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 17,305 11,725 5,575
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 186,560 97,180 89,380
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,785 3,490 3,295
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 179,770 93,690 86,080
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 4,995 2,880 2,115
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 435 400 35
22 Utilities 1,005 710 295
23 Construction 10,235 9,175 1,055
31-33 Manufacturing 33,910 25,475 8,435
41 Wholesale trade 5,355 3,665 1,685
44-45 Retail trade 20,040 8,380 11,660
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 7,960 5,515 2,440
51 Information and cultural industries 2,150 1,205 945
52 Finance and insurance 5,645 2,120 3,520
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,665 1,645 1,020
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 7,895 4,270 3,625
55 Management of companies and enterprises 165 105 60
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 7,180 4,235 2,950
61 Educational services 14,645 4,665 9,975
62 Health care and social assistance 21,435 3,315 18,125
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 6,595 3,335 3,255
72 Accommodation and food services 11,940 4,955 6,980
81 Other services (except public administration) 7,830 3,705 4,120
91 Public administration 7,705 3,935 3,770
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 186,555 97,180 89,380
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 12,530 6,410 6,120
Worked in 2010 174,025 90,770 83,260
1 to 13 weeks 8,415 4,350 4,065
14 to 26 weeks 13,220 6,630 6,595
27 to 39 weeks 10,730 5,515 5,220
40 to 48 weeks 26,165 13,290 12,870
49 to 52 weeks 115,500 60,990 54,510
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.1 44.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 186,560 97,180 89,375
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 12,530 6,410 6,120
Worked in 2010 174,030 90,770 83,255
Worked full-time in 2010 133,200 76,205 56,995
Worked part-time in 2010 40,825 14,565 26,260
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 168,380 87,095 81,285
Worked at home 7,685 3,980 3,705
Worked outside Canada 6,125 3,715 2,410
No fixed workplace address 14,900 10,355 4,540
Worked at usual place 139,670 69,045 70,630
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 154,565 79,400 75,165
Car, truck or van - as a driver 133,045 69,605 63,445
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 8,855 3,700 5,160
Public transit 3,885 1,530 2,355
Walked 5,920 2,815 3,105
Bicycle 1,505 1,180 325
Other methods 1,350 575 780
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 154,570 79,400 75,165
Median commuting duration 15.8 15.9 15.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 154,570 79,400 75,165
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 40,085 26,320 13,765
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 76,500 34,615 41,885
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 37,980 18,460 19,520
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 152,295 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 142,480 ... ...
Major repairs needed 9,815 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 152,295 ... ...
1960 or before 55,335 ... ...
1961 to 1980 42,110 ... ...
1981 to 1990 14,695 ... ...
1991 to 2000 22,845 ... ...
2001 to 2005 12,480 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,820 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 152,290 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 27,305 ... ...
5 rooms 20,575 ... ...
6 rooms 25,135 ... ...
7 rooms 24,050 ... ...
8 or more rooms 55,230 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 152,290 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 17,150 ... ...
2 bedrooms 33,445 ... ...
3 bedrooms 67,650 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 34,050 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 152,295 ... ...
Owner 113,100 ... ...
Renter 39,195 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 152,290 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 9,900 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 142,395 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 152,295 ... ...
1 household maintainer 93,335 ... ...
2 household maintainers 57,030 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,930 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 152,290 ... ...
Under 25 years 4,425 ... ...
25 to 34 years 18,160 ... ...
35 to 44 years 28,270 ... ...
45 to 54 years 34,925 ... ...
55 to 64 years 29,310 ... ...
65 to 74 years 19,550 ... ...
75 years and over 17,645 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 152,295 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 150,435 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,855 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 152,295 ... ...
Suitable 144,455 ... ...
Not suitable 7,835 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 151,030 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 115,550 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 35,485 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 28,715 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 112,150 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 893 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,007 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 174,804 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 201,698 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 39,160 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 19.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 703 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 714 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 312,710 151,765 160,940
Without income 18,685 7,705 10,985
With income 294,020 144,060 149,960
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 33,595 16,955 16,640
$5,000 to $9,999 22,350 8,210 14,140
$10,000 to $14,999 27,040 9,945 17,095
$15,000 to $19,999 26,555 9,040 17,515
$20,000 to $29,999 40,955 16,640 24,315
$30,000 to $39,999 35,130 16,255 18,875
$40,000 to $49,999 30,280 16,700 13,585
$50,000 to $59,999 21,360 12,095 9,265
$60,000 to $79,999 28,750 18,585 10,165
$80,000 to $99,999 16,230 10,265 5,965
$100,000 and over 11,765 9,365 2,400
$100,000 to $124,999 6,090 4,710 1,375
$125,000 and over 5,675 4,650 1,025
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,912 36,980 23,390
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,652 44,942 30,649
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 312,710 151,765 160,940
Without after-tax income 18,755 7,710 11,045
With after-tax income 293,955 144,055 149,895
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 34,275 17,175 17,100
$5,000 to $9,999 22,700 8,190 14,515
$10,000 to $14,999 27,795 10,210 17,585
$15,000 to $19,999 28,365 9,875 18,495
$20,000 to $29,999 47,020 19,460 27,560
$30,000 to $39,999 42,180 21,080 21,105
$40,000 to $49,999 32,375 18,320 14,055
$50,000 to $59,999 21,535 13,455 8,075
$60,000 to $79,999 25,665 16,860 8,805
$80,000 to $99,999 6,805 5,160 1,645
$100,000 and over 5,235 4,280 955
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,807 33,583 22,182
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,386 37,979 27,012
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 83.9 87.8 78.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 68.3 71.0 64.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 65.2 67.2 62.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.1 3.8 2.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.2 3.2 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.4 11.6 8.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.0 2.0 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 16.1 12.2 21.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.2 3.7 5.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.5 2.5 4.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.4 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.1 4.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.8 4.4 5.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.0 15.5 11.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 86.0 84.5 88.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 1.0 1.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 95,515 54,485 41,030
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 48,702 55,322 41,643
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 55,617 62,183 46,899
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 107,605 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,053 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,703 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,882 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 74,380 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 37,780 ... ...
Median family income ($) 66,791 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,397 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,492 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,901 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 49,155 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,481 ... ...
Average family income ($) 106,457 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,312 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 90,643 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 17,690 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,989 ... ...
Average family income ($) 49,390 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,453 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,339 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 50,640 24,205 26,435
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,353 30,706 25,580
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,382 36,815 32,155
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,781 28,264 24,379
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,951 31,399 28,625
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 381,350 187,305 194,045
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 195,035 91,465 103,570
In bottom decile 43,560 21,055 22,505
In second decile 39,155 16,905 22,255
In third decile 36,680 16,325 20,350
In fourth decile 36,625 17,810 18,820
In fifth decile 39,015 19,375 19,640
In top half of the Canadian distribution 186,310 95,840 90,470
In sixth decile 39,320 20,105 19,210
In seventh decile 37,740 19,120 18,615
In eighth decile 40,330 20,615 19,715
In ninth decile 38,295 19,840 18,455
In top decile 30,635 16,155 14,480
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 152,295 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,990 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,935 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,530 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,785 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 14,880 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 14,660 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 14,340 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,785 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 20,855 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 17,200 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 14,415 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,470 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,445 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 152,295 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,050 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,925 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,615 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,050 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 16,595 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 17,130 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 16,310 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,300 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 23,840 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 16,535 ... ...
$100,000 and over 24,935 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,460 ... ...
$125,000 and over 12,475 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 152,295 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 58,482 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 72,692 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,855 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,512 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 41,415 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,002 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 36,921 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,640 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,057 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 110,875 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 73,487 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 86,054 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 65,513 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 73,888 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 381,350 187,305 194,040
Less than 18 years 85,005 43,870 41,130
Less than 6 years 25,630 13,240 12,390
18 to 64 years 240,960 118,405 122,560
65 years and over 55,385 25,030 30,350
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 66,645 30,905 35,735
Less than 18 years 19,485 10,040 9,450
Less than 6 years 6,370 3,360 3,010
18 to 64 years 42,190 19,410 22,775
65 years and over 4,970 1,455 3,515
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.5 16.5 18.4
Less than 18 years (%) 22.9 22.9 23.0
Less than 6 years (%) 24.9 25.4 24.3
18 to 64 years (%) 17.5 16.4 18.6
65 years and over (%) 9.0 5.8 11.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Essex, CTY, Ontario (Code 3537) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed March 7, 2021).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Essex, CTY, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Essex, CTY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Essex, CTY
Ontario
(Census division)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 388,782 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 393,402 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) -1.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 164,733 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 152,293 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 210.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,850.78 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 388,785 191,230 197,555
0 to 4 years 21,100 10,915 10,180
5 to 9 years 22,930 11,825 11,105
10 to 14 years 24,455 12,620 11,830
15 to 19 years 26,880 13,790 13,090
15 years 5,400 2,770 2,635
16 years 5,570 2,890 2,675
17 years 5,290 2,665 2,625
18 years 5,370 2,750 2,620
19 years 5,250 2,710 2,540
20 to 24 years 25,235 12,945 12,290
25 to 29 years 21,705 10,580 11,125
30 to 34 years 22,350 10,840 11,510
35 to 39 years 25,425 12,390 13,035
40 to 44 years 27,905 13,815 14,085
45 to 49 years 31,245 15,580 15,670
50 to 54 years 30,205 15,135 15,075
55 to 59 years 26,285 12,895 13,390
60 to 64 years 23,920 11,640 12,285
65 to 69 years 17,750 8,685 9,065
70 to 74 years 13,705 6,360 7,345
75 to 79 years 11,080 5,045 6,035
80 to 84 years 8,585 3,585 4,995
85 years and over 8,020 2,575 5,445
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.8 39.9 41.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.4 81.5 83.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 320,295 155,860 164,435
Married or living with a common-law partner 183,030 92,350 90,675
Married (and not separated) 162,790 82,170 80,620
Living common law 20,240 10,185 10,055
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 137,270 63,505 73,760
Single (never legally married) 87,220 47,060 40,165
Separated 9,715 4,070 5,645
Divorced 20,175 8,375 11,800
Widowed 20,155 4,005 16,155
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 108,990 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 52,060 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 23,390 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 22,440 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 11,105 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 108,990 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 88,980 ... ...
Married couples 78,920 ... ...
Without children at home 34,490 ... ...
With children at home 44,430 ... ...
1 child 15,455 ... ...
2 children 19,170 ... ...
3 or more children 9,805 ... ...
Common-law couples 10,065 ... ...
Without children at home 5,850 ... ...
With children at home 4,210 ... ...
1 child 2,080 ... ...
2 children 1,440 ... ...
3 or more children 690 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 20,010 ... ...
Female parent 16,105 ... ...
1 child 9,095 ... ...
2 children 4,890 ... ...
3 or more children 2,125 ... ...
Male parent 3,910 ... ...
1 child 2,625 ... ...
2 children 975 ... ...
3 or more children 305 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 125,865 ... ...
Under six years of age 25,440 ... ...
6 to 14 years 42,610 ... ...
15 to 17 years 15,790 ... ...
18 to 24 years 26,910 ... ...
25 years and over 15,115 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 381,345 187,135 194,215
Number of persons not in census families 57,510 27,150 30,360
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,075 2,835 4,240
Living with non-relatives only 9,010 5,120 3,890
Living alone 41,420 19,190 22,230
Number of census family persons 323,840 159,985 163,850
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 55,400 25,135 30,265
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 18,290 5,125 13,160
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,510 540 1,970
Living with non-relatives only 725 325 400
Living alone 15,055 4,260 10,800
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 37,110 20,005 17,105
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 152,290 ... ...
Census-family households 106,475 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 98,715 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 82,280 ... ...
Without children 37,310 ... ...
With children 44,970 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 16,435 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 7,755 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 5,310 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,350 ... ...
Without children 1,225 ... ...
With children 2,125 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,960 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 2,445 ... ...
Non-census-family households 45,815 ... ...
One-person households 41,420 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,400 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 152,295 ... ...
Single-detached house 108,550 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 12,935 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 670 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 30,135 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,435 ... ...
Row house 7,965 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,960 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 11,570 ... ...
Other single-attached house 210 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 152,295 ... ...
1 person 41,420 ... ...
2 persons 50,350 ... ...
3 persons 23,750 ... ...
4 persons 22,920 ... ...
5 persons 9,190 ... ...
6 or more persons 4,665 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 381,345 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 384,935 189,705 195,230
  Single responses  376,960 185,855 191,100
    English  281,975 139,225 142,750
    French  11,710 5,455 6,250
    Non-official languages  83,280 41,175 42,105
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  15 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 82,885 40,985 41,895
        African languages, n.i.e 205 105 100
        Afrikaans  40 20 15
        Akan (Twi)  55 25 30
        Albanian  1,080 535 545
        Amharic  125 60 65
        Arabic  11,545 5,860 5,685
        Armenian  230 100 130
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 30 30
        Bengali  620 310 315
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  70 25 45
        Bosnian  330 165 165
        Bulgarian  100 50 55
        Burmese  20 10 5
        Cantonese  1,230 580 650
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,435 1,690 1,750
        Creoles  185 85 100
        Croatian  1,850 895 955
        Czech  195 80 120
        Danish  85 40 40
        Dutch  815 420 395
        Estonian  20 5 10
        Finnish  160 70 90
        Flemish  100 35 60
        Fukien  5 5 0
        German  8,950 4,350 4,595
        Greek  1,100 550 555
        Gujarati  635 325 310
        Hakka  10 5 5
        Hebrew  35 25 10
        Hindi  595 310 285
        Hungarian  1,515 730 785
        Ilocano  75 30 40
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Italian  10,785 5,325 5,465
        Japanese  85 30 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  450 215 230
        Korean  420 210 210
        Kurdish  130 75 55
        Lao  245 125 115
        Latvian  20 5 15
        Lingala  20 10 10
        Lithuanian  80 30 50
        Macedonian  1,205 585 625
        Malay  60 35 25
        Malayalam  150 70 80
        Maltese  235 125 115
        Mandarin  1,110 530 580
        Marathi  85 45 40
        Nepali  95 50 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 180 80 95
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  45 25 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  2,095 1,090 1,005
        Pashto  30 10 15
        Persian (Farsi)  615 305 305
        Polish  3,430 1,590 1,840
        Portuguese  2,385 1,145 1,245
        Romanian  2,405 1,145 1,265
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 15 25
        Russian  550 225 325
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  95 45 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 2,085 1,005 1,075
        Serbian  3,045 1,520 1,525
        Serbo-Croatian  215 105 110
        Shanghainese  15 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 25
        Sindhi  25 10 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  120 65 60
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 195 110 90
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 145 75 70
        Slovak  1,030 485 540
        Slovenian  195 80 120
        Somali  575 250 320
        Spanish  4,965 3,005 1,960
        Swahili  140 60 80
        Swedish  15 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,800 685 1,110
        Taiwanese  25 10 15
        Tamil  260 130 130
        Telugu  115 60 60
        Thai  190 100 85
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  120 50 70
        Turkish  400 220 180
        Ukrainian  730 295 440
        Urdu  1,915 985 930
        Vietnamese  1,925 935 990
        Yiddish  30 15 15
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 375 180 190
  Multiple responses          7,975 3,850 4,125
    English and French  1,720 800 925
    English and non-official language  5,550 2,735 2,820
    French and non-official language  440 205 235
    English, French and non-official language 265 115 150
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 384,935 189,705 195,230
  English only 341,720 170,095 171,625
  French only 455 195 260
  English and French 35,775 16,085 19,690
  Neither English nor French 6,980 3,330 3,650
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 384,935 189,705 195,230
  English 364,845 180,265 184,585
  French 10,825 5,045 5,775
  English and French 2,400 1,125 1,275
  Neither English nor French 6,865 3,275 3,590
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 12,020 5,610 6,410
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.1 3.0 3.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 384,930 189,705 195,225
  Single responses 371,220 182,935 188,280
    English 325,175 160,400 164,775
    French 3,230 1,480 1,755
    Non-official languages 42,810 21,055 21,755
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 42,670 20,985 21,680
        African languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55
        Afrikaans 5 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 15 10 10
        Albanian 570 275 295
        Amharic 70 35 35
        Arabic 6,930 3,345 3,590
        Armenian 110 40 65
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Bengali 425 205 225
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 15 5 10
        Bosnian 180 90 95
        Bulgarian 50 30 25
        Burmese 10 10 5
        Cantonese 905 445 460
        Chinese, n.o.s. 2,435 1,195 1,240
        Creoles 100 45 60
        Croatian 705 320 385
        Czech 50 20 35
        Danish 5 5 0
        Dutch 30 15 20
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 40 15 20
        Flemish 10 5 10
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 3,420 1,670 1,750
        Greek 455 215 240
        Gujarati 395 200 200
        Hakka 0 0 5
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 325 155 165
        Hungarian 475 220 250
        Ilocano 5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Italian 3,730 1,630 2,100
        Japanese 35 10 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 270 130 145
        Korean 300 150 150
        Kurdish 90 45 45
        Lao 155 85 75
        Latvian 0 0 5
        Lingala 5 5 5
        Lithuanian 10 5 5
        Macedonian 550 265 285
        Malay 20 10 10
        Malayalam 80 35 45
        Maltese 40 20 20
        Mandarin 910 455 460
        Marathi 35 20 15
        Nepali 85 45 40
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 30 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,445 730 715
        Pashto 20 5 15
        Persian (Farsi) 370 175 190
        Polish 1,650 775 870
        Portuguese 1,020 450 570
        Romanian 1,400 670 730
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 15
        Russian 325 145 180
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,455 690 765
        Serbian 1,710 825 885
        Serbo-Croatian 120 60 60
        Shanghainese 15 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 180 100 80
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Slovak 280 130 155
        Slovenian 45 15 30
        Somali 390 165 230
        Spanish 3,390 2,295 1,090
        Swahili 105 40 60
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 820 355 465
        Taiwanese 10 0 5
        Tamil 135 65 75
        Telugu 45 20 20
        Thai 150 95 60
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 80 30 45
        Turkish 205 100 100
        Ukrainian 125 45 80
        Urdu 1,210 605 605
        Vietnamese 1,440 680 755
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 140 65 70
  Multiple responses         13,715 6,770 6,945
    English and French 830 375 460
    English and non-official language 12,380 6,160 6,215
    French and non-official language 145 80 70
    English, French and non-official language 365 160 205
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 384,930 189,705 195,230
  None 330,790 163,490 167,300
  Single responses  52,890 25,605 27,285
    English  18,815 9,225 9,585
    French  7,310 3,230 4,080
    Non-official languages  26,770 13,150 13,615
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  10 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 26,500 13,030 13,475
        African languages, n.i.e 60 25 35
        Afrikaans  30 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  50 25 25
        Albanian  330 160 165
        Amharic  40 20 25
        Arabic  4,350 2,280 2,065
        Armenian  75 40 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 40 25 20
        Bengali  120 65 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  20 10 10
        Bosnian  105 55 50
        Bulgarian  40 15 20
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  340 160 180
        Chinese, n.o.s.  670 340 335
        Creoles  105 45 60
        Croatian  710 335 370
        Czech  55 35 25
        Danish  30 15 15
        Dutch  215 90 120
        Estonian  5 0 10
        Finnish  55 25 30
        Flemish  10 5 10
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  2,760 1,330 1,430
        Greek  490 250 240
        Gujarati  130 70 60
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  25 10 10
        Hindi  345 190 155
        Hungarian  480 210 270
        Ilocano  15 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Italian  4,200 2,115 2,085
        Japanese  55 20 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  115 60 55
        Korean  65 30 35
        Kurdish  20 10 10
        Lao  55 30 30
        Latvian  10 5 5
        Lingala  20 10 10
        Lithuanian  30 10 20
        Macedonian  455 230 230
        Malay  30 15 15
        Malayalam  50 25 30
        Maltese  80 40 40
        Mandarin  185 75 105
        Marathi  25 15 10
        Nepali  5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 150 75 80
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  405 210 195
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  135 75 60
        Polish  1,005 460 540
        Portuguese  965 495 470
        Romanian  640 305 330
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 0 5
        Russian  165 70 95
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  45 25 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 425 215 210
        Serbian  960 480 485
        Serbo-Croatian  60 30 30
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 60 25 35
        Sindhi  10 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  55 30 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 15 15
        Slovak  305 135 170
        Slovenian  60 25 35
        Somali  145 75 70
        Spanish  1,515 715 800
        Swahili  75 35 35
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  665 240 425
        Taiwanese  10 0 10
        Tamil  90 50 40
        Telugu  50 30 25
        Thai  30 5 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  40 15 15
        Turkish  155 95 65
        Ukrainian  225 90 135
        Urdu  470 245 225
        Vietnamese  360 170 185
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 255 120 135
  Multiple responses          1,250 610 645
    English and French  225 110 115
    English and non-official language  285 145 135
    French and non-official language  740 350 385
    English, French and non-official language  10 0 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Essex, CTY, Ontario (Code 3537) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed March 7, 2021).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Essex, County (Census Division), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Essex, County (Census Division), Ontario

2011 NHS