NHS Profile, Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,215,735 592,545 623,185
Canadian citizens 1,152,870 563,555 589,315
Canadian citizens aged under 18 247,230 125,540 121,685
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 905,645 438,015 467,635
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 62,860 28,990 33,870
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,215,735 592,550 623,185
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 967,845 475,570 492,275
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 235,335 110,820 124,515
Before 1971 38,285 18,660 19,620
1971 to 1980 26,925 13,205 13,720
1981 to 1990 35,925 17,200 18,725
1991 to 2000 60,560 28,190 32,370
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 73,645 33,560 40,085
2001 to 2005 33,220 14,750 18,470
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 40,425 18,810 21,615
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 12,555 6,155 6,395
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 235,335 110,815 124,515
Under 5 years 26,860 12,775 14,085
5 to 14 years 42,380 21,590 20,785
15 to 24 years 51,120 23,080 28,040
25 to 44 years 96,790 45,235 51,550
45 years and over 18,185 8,135 10,050
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,215,735 592,550 623,185
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 967,845 475,575 492,275
Born in province of residence 722,830 356,900 365,925
Born outside province of residence 245,020 118,670 126,350
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 235,335 110,820 124,520
Americas 38,985 16,895 22,090
United States 9,905 4,425 5,485
Jamaica 3,035 1,270 1,770
Guyana 1,200 560 640
Haiti 7,700 2,985 4,710
Mexico 1,920 825 1,095
Trinidad and Tobago 1,325 495 830
Colombia 2,660 1,185 1,475
El Salvador 2,240 1,095 1,145
Peru 1,065 425 640
Chile 625 330 300
Other places of birth in Americas 7,310 3,305 4,005
Europe 67,700 32,585 35,110
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 18,835 9,305 9,530
Italy 5,765 2,910 2,855
Germany 4,865 2,115 2,745
Poland 4,450 2,000 2,450
Portugal 3,680 1,880 1,800
Netherlands 2,340 1,185 1,155
France 4,140 2,040 2,105
Romania 3,070 1,410 1,655
Russian Federation 3,085 1,330 1,760
Greece 1,105 620 485
Ukraine 1,690 705 995
Croatia 1,175 630 545
Hungary 990 490 495
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,205 1,035 1,170
Serbia 975 495 490
Ireland, Republic of 810 400 410
Other places of birth in Europe 8,505 4,040 4,470
Africa 33,395 15,790 17,600
Morocco 2,485 1,190 1,295
Algeria 1,925 1,065 860
Egypt 3,005 1,565 1,440
South Africa, Republic of 725 340 385
Nigeria 1,210 570 640
Ethiopia 1,855 820 1,035
Kenya 1,125 535 585
Other places of birth in Africa 21,060 9,700 11,355
Asia 94,365 45,060 49,295
India 9,285 4,700 4,580
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 17,575 7,660 9,910
Philippines 7,730 2,825 4,905
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 3,085 1,570 1,510
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 6,585 3,110 3,475
Pakistan 3,745 1,870 1,875
Sri Lanka 2,910 1,460 1,450
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 4,545 2,335 2,215
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,635 830 800
Lebanon 12,120 6,355 5,770
Taiwan 755 275 485
Iraq 3,165 1,680 1,490
Bangladesh 2,565 1,370 1,200
Afghanistan 1,700 945 755
Japan 630 150 485
Turkey 1,370 685 690
Other places of birth in Asia 14,965 7,250 7,715
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 900 480 415
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 890 475 410
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 12,555 6,155 6,395
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 40,425 18,805 21,615
Americas 8,565 3,905 4,660
United States 1,855 975 880
Mexico 630 290 340
Cuba 285 115 170
Haiti 2,730 995 1,735
Jamaica 105 55 50
Brazil 395 175 220
Colombia 1,100 515 580
Guyana 15 0 0
Peru 210 80 125
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 155 100 55
Other places of birth in Americas 1,085 590 500
Europe 4,345 2,085 2,265
France 695 345 345
Germany 195 90 105
Poland 100 35 60
Romania 415 165 250
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 100 50 55
Russian Federation 510 245 260
Ukraine 270 130 140
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 845 485 360
Other places of birth in Europe 1,215 535 680
Africa 9,615 4,815 4,805
Nigeria 405 180 225
Ethiopia 405 175 230
Mauritius 130 60 65
Somalia 535 300 230
Algeria 490 220 270
Egypt 735 345 385
Morocco 1,010 455 555
Tunisia 240 160 75
Cameroon 565 270 290
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 1,015 545 465
South Africa, Republic of 70 30 40
Other places of birth in Africa 4,030 2,065 1,965
Asia 17,760 7,930 9,830
Philippines 2,615 905 1,715
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,830 1,145 1,685
India 1,600 810 790
Pakistan 645 365 280
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 915 390 525
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 450 215 235
Sri Lanka 530 220 310
Iraq 990 500 490
Bangladesh 520 280 245
Lebanon 1,610 745 860
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 320 130 190
Taiwan 175 70 100
Afghanistan 345 195 155
Japan 140 25 115
Turkey 345 160 180
Israel 90 55 35
Nepal 375 215 160
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 60 20 45
United Arab Emirates 485 245 240
Saudi Arabia 230 115 115
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 400 185 210
Other places of birth in Asia 2,100 940 1,155
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 135 80 60
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,215,735 592,550 623,190
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 254,880 120,520 134,365
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 202,255 101,185 101,075
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 758,595 370,845 387,750
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,215,735 592,550 623,185
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 234,010 112,640 121,375
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 34,795 17,580 17,215
Chinese 37,135 17,385 19,750
Black 60,660 27,945 32,710
Filipino 10,970 4,240 6,730
Latin American 14,270 6,830 7,435
Arab 38,960 20,495 18,460
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 15,030 7,210 7,820
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 8,195 4,250 3,945
Korean 2,475 1,225 1,245
Japanese 2,350 1,080 1,275
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,475 1,165 1,310
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 6,700 3,225 3,475
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 981,720 479,910 501,810
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,215,735 592,545 623,185
North American Aboriginal origins 62,060 29,405 32,655
First Nations (North American Indian) 48,040 22,645 25,390
Inuit 1,450 605 845
Métis 14,005 6,755 7,255
Other North American origins 464,630 226,575 238,055
Acadian 5,220 2,210 3,010
American 14,270 6,895 7,380
Canadian 447,090 218,180 228,910
New Brunswicker 60 15 50
Newfoundlander 885 490 395
Nova Scotian 60 40 20
Ontarian 760 405 355
Québécois 5,595 2,820 2,775
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 115 70 45
European origins 762,905 372,545 390,360
British Isles origins 448,810 219,625 229,185
Channel Islander 155 70 85
Cornish 65 35 35
English 221,955 108,970 112,985
Irish 228,035 109,215 118,820
Manx 145 90 50
Scottish 182,800 89,750 93,050
Welsh 17,415 8,285 9,135
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 33,180 15,325 17,855
French origins 304,865 147,755 157,105
Alsatian 90 15 80
Breton 755 375 380
French 304,235 147,460 156,780
Western European origins (except French origins) 124,635 60,025 64,610
Austrian 5,940 2,870 3,070
Belgian 6,245 2,925 3,320
Dutch 30,225 14,685 15,535
Flemish 570 315 260
Frisian 130 60 75
German 85,015 41,140 43,875
Luxembourger 125 30 95
Swiss 4,600 1,990 2,615
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 155 65 85
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 23,150 11,170 11,975
Danish 5,095 2,575 2,515
Finnish 3,745 1,575 2,170
Icelandic 1,475 795 675
Norwegian 6,770 3,410 3,360
Swedish 6,515 3,020 3,495
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 1,110 570 540
Eastern European origins 83,670 40,795 42,880
Bulgarian 1,670 785 885
Byelorussian 1,000 415 580
Czech 4,130 2,045 2,090
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 875 360 510
Estonian 760 340 420
Hungarian 8,135 4,215 3,925
Latvian 1,115 510 610
Lithuanian 1,950 1,065 885
Moldovan 205 105 100
Polish 31,915 15,365 16,555
Romanian 6,270 3,075 3,195
Russian 13,640 6,410 7,235
Slovak 2,520 1,265 1,260
Ukrainian 23,885 11,775 12,105
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 535 300 235
Southern European origins 90,070 43,715 46,360
Albanian 890 450 440
Bosnian 1,475 615 860
Croatian 3,245 1,640 1,605
Cypriot 230 60 165
Greek 7,360 3,795 3,570
Italian 47,975 23,385 24,590
Kosovar 145 70 75
Macedonian 425 185 245
Maltese 745 305 440
Montenegrin 305 180 125
Portuguese 12,315 6,125 6,195
Serbian 3,015 1,455 1,560
Sicilian 360 155 210
Slovenian 1,335 660 680
Spanish 14,220 6,380 7,840
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,600 770 830
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 70 50 15
Other European origins 14,830 7,560 7,270
Basque 395 190 200
Jewish 12,425 6,400 6,030
Roma (Gypsy) 100 35 60
Slavic, n.o.s. 120 65 50
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,860 905 960
Caribbean origins 26,470 12,015 14,455
Antiguan 80 35 50
Bahamian 195 105 85
Barbadian 1,285 475 810
Bermudan 125 45 80
Carib 130 60 70
Cuban 1,100 570 530
Dominican 640 310 325
Grenadian 215 105 115
Haitian 12,470 5,495 6,975
Jamaican 7,070 3,360 3,710
Kittitian/Nevisian 40 0 30
Martinican 85 55 30
Montserratan 75 45 25
Puerto Rican 140 85 55
St. Lucian 485 215 270
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,680 720 960
Vincentian/Grenadinian 165 80 80
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,325 575 745
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 815 330 485
Latin, Central and South American origins 20,320 9,520 10,800
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 890 430 460
Argentinian 570 240 325
Belizean 50 45 0
Bolivian 180 90 90
Brazilian 1,305 625 675
Chilean 1,035 560 470
Colombian 3,250 1,480 1,770
Costa Rican 275 125 150
Ecuadorian 355 165 195
Guatemalan 665 340 330
Guyanese 1,590 810 780
Hispanic 475 200 275
Honduran 185 85 100
Maya 160 80 85
Mexican 3,165 1,460 1,710
Nicaraguan 1,100 465 630
Panamanian 90 50 45
Paraguayan 35 20 15
Peruvian 1,425 585 840
Salvadorean 3,085 1,565 1,520
Uruguayan 85 45 40
Venezuelan 880 405 475
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 815 335 475
African origins 55,690 26,685 29,005
Central and West African origins 12,695 5,885 6,815
Akan 50 30 20
Angolan 170 80 95
Ashanti 35 20 0
Beninese 335 220 115
Burkinabe 250 120 130
Cameroonian 1,130 530 600
Chadian 110 55 55
Congolese 4,270 1,880 2,395
Gabonese 65 35 25
Gambian 10 0 0
Ghanaian 1,345 645 700
Guinean 430 160 270
Ibo 290 135 160
Ivorian 640 290 350
Liberian 110 55 55
Malian 170 95 80
Nigerian 1,820 845 975
Peulh 170 105 65
Senegalese 445 205 245
Sierra Leonean 120 80 40
Togolese 445 225 215
Yoruba 295 170 130
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 1,115 525 595
North African origins 13,660 7,090 6,570
Algerian 1,720 905 815
Berber 1,210 680 525
Coptic 295 130 165
Dinka 10 0 0
Egyptian 5,440 2,710 2,735
Libyan 855 505 350
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 2,955 1,505 1,455
Sudanese 965 480 485
Tunisian 755 465 290
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 290 160 130
Southern and East African origins 20,960 9,835 11,125
Afrikaner 75 40 30
Amhara 170 70 100
Bantu, n.o.s. 245 100 145
Burundian 2,345 1,035 1,305
Eritrean 1,290 610 680
Ethiopian 2,060 1,005 1,055
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 625 275 345
Malagasy 200 105 90
Mauritian 400 160 245
Oromo 215 105 110
Rwandan 1,585 625 960
Seychellois 40 0 30
Somali 9,120 4,280 4,835
South African 1,015 545 465
Tanzanian 195 105 95
Tigrian 120 50 65
Ugandan 475 235 240
Zambian 65 15 50
Zimbabwean 265 140 130
Zulu 125 60 65
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,995 990 1,005
Other African origins 9,580 4,535 5,040
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 940 355 585
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 8,895 4,285 4,610
Asian origins 170,645 83,040 87,605
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 61,150 31,480 29,670
Afghan 2,270 1,230 1,040
Arab, n.o.s. 9,035 4,990 4,045
Armenian 1,425 750 675
Assyrian 110 65 45
Azerbaijani 160 110 50
Georgian 165 50 120
Iranian 6,615 3,300 3,315
Iraqi 3,910 2,015 1,895
Israeli 380 215 170
Jordanian 700 415 290
Kazakh 85 20 65
Kurd 795 450 345
Kuwaiti 950 425 515
Lebanese 26,615 13,490 13,125
Palestinian 3,315 1,695 1,625
Pashtun 305 140 160
Saudi Arabian 870 485 380
Syrian 3,125 1,450 1,670
Tajik 125 80 45
Tatar 55 20 40
Turk 3,280 1,620 1,660
Uighur 55 0 30
Uzbek 100 60 40
Yemeni 695 355 340
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,260 655 610
South Asian origins 37,965 19,185 18,775
Bangladeshi 2,205 1,160 1,045
Bengali 685 335 355
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 25,545 12,945 12,600
Goan 80 30 55
Gujarati 80 35 45
Kashmiri 30 20 0
Nepali 780 410 375
Pakistani 3,910 1,960 1,945
Punjabi 1,365 675 690
Sinhalese 320 165 160
Sri Lankan 2,895 1,465 1,435
Tamil 1,375 720 655
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,985 990 995
East and Southeast Asian origins 72,785 32,935 39,850
Burmese 765 325 435
Cambodian (Khmer) 2,495 1,165 1,330
Chinese 42,740 19,810 22,925
Filipino 11,905 4,565 7,340
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 510 215 295
Japanese 3,085 1,410 1,670
Korean 2,765 1,355 1,410
Laotian 915 400 515
Malaysian 440 200 240
Mongolian 255 105 155
Singaporean 55 25 30
Taiwanese 515 160 350
Thai 775 240 535
Tibetan 30 15 0
Vietnamese 9,860 4,730 5,130
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 615 300 315
Other Asian origins 635 365 270
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 635 365 275
Oceania origins 1,845 950 895
Australian 1,360 690 670
New Zealander 330 160 165
Pacific Islands origins 175 115 60
Fijian 55 30 25
Hawaiian 40 40 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Samoan 10 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 45 20 20
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,215,735 592,545 623,190
Buddhist 12,860 5,900 6,955
Christian 850,925 400,305 450,620
Anglican 60,260 27,710 32,550
Baptist 12,525 5,670 6,860
Catholic 586,405 278,280 308,130
Christian Orthodox 20,635 9,555 11,085
Lutheran 9,905 4,645 5,260
Pentecostal 12,015 5,330 6,685
Presbyterian 13,770 6,660 7,115
United Church 58,135 26,540 31,595
Other Christian 77,265 35,920 41,345
Hindu 12,295 6,350 5,950
Jewish 10,980 5,600 5,380
Muslim 65,880 33,480 32,400
Sikh 3,445 1,870 1,580
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 375 150 230
Other religions 6,185 2,695 3,490
No religious affiliation 252,795 136,205 116,590
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,215,735 592,545 623,190
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 30,565 14,590 15,980
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 16,250 7,655 8,600
Métis single identity 12,260 6,090 6,175
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 860 310 550
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 305 145 165
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 895 400 500
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,185,165 577,960 607,205
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,215,735 592,550 623,185
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 7,915 3,675 4,245
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,207,815 588,870 618,945
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,215,735 592,545 623,190
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 62,060 29,400 32,655
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 48,035 22,645 25,390
Métis ancestry 14,005 6,755 7,250
Inuit ancestry 1,445 605 840
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,153,675 563,145 590,530
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 295,195 138,080 157,115
Aboriginal languages 845 360 485
Algonquin 65 40 20
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 305 130 175
Mi'kmaq 20 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 105 55 45
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 205 60 145
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 130 60 70
Non-Aboriginal languages 294,425 137,765 156,660
Italian 17,790 8,315 9,470
Portuguese 9,335 4,395 4,940
Romanian 3,490 1,640 1,850
Spanish 46,595 19,660 26,930
Dutch 3,655 1,705 1,955
Flemish 145 95 50
German 14,830 7,015 7,815
Yiddish 475 280 195
Danish 520 275 250
Norwegian 450 225 230
Swedish 735 325 410
Afrikaans 470 275 190
Gaelic languages 385 200 190
Bosnian 900 390 510
Bulgarian 1,195 560 635
Croatian 1,835 910 920
Czech 1,520 665 860
Macedonian 150 45 105
Polish 6,995 3,235 3,765
Russian 9,125 4,195 4,935
Serbian 2,605 1,270 1,335
Serbo-Croatian 975 495 485
Slovak 820 355 470
Slovenian 335 150 185
Ukrainian 2,700 1,205 1,485
Latvian 385 205 180
Lithuanian 285 165 120
Greek 3,260 1,705 1,555
Armenian 485 215 265
Albanian 755 355 400
Estonian 195 100 95
Finnish 535 200 340
Hungarian 2,150 1,035 1,120
Turkish 2,535 1,330 1,205
Berber languages (Kabyle) 230 100 135
Oromo 710 365 350
Somali 8,450 3,695 4,755
Amharic 1,730 785 945
Arabic 47,425 24,575 22,855
Hebrew 1,975 1,110 865
Maltese 35 25 15
Tigrigna 975 470 505
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70
Bengali 4,190 2,175 2,015
Gujarati 2,040 1,085 955
Hindi 9,070 4,860 4,215
Konkani 160 80 75
Marathi 465 230 230
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,890 3,060 2,830
Sindhi 340 195 150
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,050 515 535
Urdu 6,090 3,110 2,980
Nepali 920 520 400
Kurdish 1,245 595 650
Pashto 920 500 420
Persian (Farsi) 8,010 4,130 3,875
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 285 140 140
Kannada 280 150 130
Malayalam 690 345 335
Tamil 3,785 1,910 1,875
Telugu 490 275 215
Japanese 2,500 1,040 1,455
Korean 2,135 1,100 1,030
Cantonese 8,680 3,980 4,705
Fukien 105 60 45
Hakka 55 20 35
Mandarin 11,120 5,125 5,995
Taiwanese 320 95 225
Chinese, n.o.s. 14,650 7,035 7,615
Lao 610 260 345
Thai 680 240 440
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,700 755 945
Vietnamese 8,105 3,740 4,370
Bisayan languages 510 145 370
Ilocano 515 200 315
Malay 625 310 315
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 8,135 2,705 5,430
Akan (Twi) 675 320 355
Lingala 1,730 735 990
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,820 750 1,070
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,170 380 785
Swahili 3,905 1,855 2,045
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,485 715 770
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,450 1,120 1,330
African languages, n.i.e. 815 385 440
Creoles 10,760 4,450 6,310
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 7,145 3,340 3,805
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,201,600 585,585 616,020
Non-movers 1,038,210 504,935 533,275
Movers 163,395 80,650 82,740
Non-migrants 113,325 56,130 57,195
Migrants 50,065 24,520 25,545
Internal migrants 37,850 18,660 19,190
Intraprovincial migrants 23,850 11,870 11,980
Interprovincial migrants 14,005 6,800 7,205
External migrants 12,220 5,860 6,360
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,144,750 557,030 587,720
Non-movers 666,725 323,525 343,195
Movers 478,025 233,505 244,525
Non-migrants 302,515 148,610 153,905
Migrants 175,515 84,890 90,620
Internal migrants 130,075 63,245 66,825
Intraprovincial migrants 79,620 38,620 41,000
Interprovincial migrants 50,450 24,625 25,820
External migrants 45,440 21,645 23,795
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,005,005 485,970 519,040
No certificate, diploma or degree 151,945 76,335 75,615
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 233,695 109,375 124,315
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 619,365 300,255 319,110
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 73,190 43,535 29,650
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 188,590 85,980 102,615
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 40,910 17,765 23,145
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 316,675 152,975 163,705
Bachelor's degree 187,800 85,490 102,315
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 128,875 67,485 61,390
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 692,055 335,310 356,740
No certificate, diploma or degree 59,090 32,275 26,820
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 134,815 63,995 70,820
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 498,140 239,045 259,100
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 55,225 32,360 22,865
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 149,055 68,685 80,370
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 29,580 12,940 16,645
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 264,280 125,065 139,220
Bachelor's degree 155,705 70,670 85,030
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 108,580 54,395 54,185
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 1,005,005 485,965 519,035
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 385,635 185,710 199,925
Education 40,380 9,900 30,480
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 20,915 9,750 11,165
Humanities 43,700 17,355 26,345
Social and behavioural sciences and law 97,565 38,705 58,860
Business, management and public administration 130,375 52,190 78,185
Physical and life sciences and technologies 30,135 16,020 14,115
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 41,425 27,000 14,425
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 103,820 92,410 11,410
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 9,145 5,310 3,830
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 72,010 14,945 57,065
Personal, protective and transportation services 29,800 16,645 13,155
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 90 20 70
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 1,005,005 485,965 519,035
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 385,635 185,710 199,925
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 619,370 300,255 319,115
Location of study inside Canada 535,450 258,450 277,000
Same as province or territory of residence 413,220 197,995 215,230
Another province or territory 122,230 60,460 61,770
Location of study outside Canada 83,920 41,805 42,110
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 741,950 375,775 366,170
Single responses 701,990 356,445 345,550
English 550,755 285,855 264,900
French 147,300 68,775 78,530
Non-official languages 3,935 1,810 2,120
Chinese, n.o.s. 705 385 325
Cantonese 295 150 150
Panjabi (Punjabi) 10 0 0
Mandarin 255 105 150
Spanish 520 275 250
Korean 105 45 55
German 50 20 30
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 20 0 0
Portuguese 130 45 85
Inuktitut 35 0 30
Other languages 1,810 785 1,025
Multiple responses 39,955 19,335 20,620
English and French 36,915 17,875 19,035
English and non-official language 2,260 1,095 1,155
French and non-official language 145 70 80
English, French and non-official language 640 290 350
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 741,945 375,775 366,170
English 550,760 285,860 264,900
French 147,300 68,770 78,530
Non-official language 3,930 1,815 2,120
Aboriginal 55 0 45
Non-Aboriginal 3,880 1,805 2,075
English and French 36,915 17,880 19,035
English and non-official language 2,255 1,100 1,160
French and non-official language 145 70 75
English, French and non-official language 640 290 350
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 1,005,005 485,965 519,040
In the labour force 700,690 356,790 343,900
Employed 654,515 332,130 322,385
Unemployed 46,170 24,660 21,515
Not in the labour force 304,320 129,180 175,135
Participation rate 69.7 73.4 66.3
Employment rate 65.1 68.3 62.1
Unemployment rate 6.6 6.9 6.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 700,685 356,785 343,900
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 13,680 6,980 6,700
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 687,010 349,805 337,200
Employee 624,265 310,815 313,455
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 62,740 38,995 23,745
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 700,690 356,790 343,900
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 13,680 6,985 6,695
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 687,005 349,810 337,200
0 Management occupations 81,625 48,915 32,715
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 140,070 44,900 95,170
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 77,350 58,275 19,080
3 Health occupations 40,020 9,160 30,860
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 105,400 39,030 66,375
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 24,635 10,695 13,935
6 Sales and service occupations 144,470 71,765 72,710
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 59,485 56,270 3,215
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,665 4,650 1,015
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,280 6,150 2,130
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 700,685 356,785 343,900
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 13,680 6,980 6,700
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 687,010 349,805 337,200
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 3,400 2,330 1,065
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 680 515 165
22 Utilities 2,600 2,050 545
23 Construction 36,555 32,400 4,160
31-33 Manufacturing 24,135 17,835 6,295
41 Wholesale trade 16,700 12,480 4,225
44-45 Retail trade 69,140 34,340 34,800
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 20,295 15,290 5,010
51 Information and cultural industries 17,460 10,320 7,135
52 Finance and insurance 21,695 9,210 12,480
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 11,005 6,540 4,465
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 58,625 35,530 23,100
55 Management of companies and enterprises 335 210 120
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 27,070 16,990 10,085
61 Educational services 52,480 17,900 34,575
62 Health care and social assistance 71,495 14,675 56,815
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 13,820 7,405 6,410
72 Accommodation and food services 41,220 20,585 20,630
81 Other services (except public administration) 30,700 12,400 18,295
91 Public administration 167,600 80,795 86,810
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 700,685 356,785 343,900
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 31,965 15,265 16,705
Worked in 2010 668,725 341,525 327,200
1 to 13 weeks 30,730 14,055 16,675
14 to 26 weeks 50,080 23,325 26,750
27 to 39 weeks 37,275 18,605 18,670
40 to 48 weeks 97,620 48,070 49,545
49 to 52 weeks 453,020 237,465 215,560
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.3 45.8 44.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 700,690 356,790 343,900
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 31,965 15,265 16,700
Worked in 2010 668,720 341,525 327,200
Worked full-time in 2010 541,655 291,630 250,020
Worked part-time in 2010 127,070 49,895 77,180
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 654,515 332,130 322,385
Worked at home 38,140 19,065 19,080
Worked outside Canada 2,430 1,660 775
No fixed workplace address 55,930 41,095 14,835
Worked at usual place 558,010 270,315 287,695
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 613,940 311,410 302,530
Car, truck or van - as a driver 391,445 214,525 176,915
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 40,950 12,550 28,400
Public transit 123,175 54,015 69,160
Walked 38,735 18,365 20,375
Bicycle 13,670 9,110 4,560
Other methods 5,970 2,845 3,125
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 613,940 311,410 302,530
Median commuting duration 25.0 25.0 21.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 613,940 311,410 302,530
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 151,705 89,870 61,840
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 361,805 170,030 191,770
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 100,435 51,510 48,925
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 498,785 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 467,125 ... ...
Major repairs needed 31,660 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 498,785 ... ...
1960 or before 92,180 ... ...
1961 to 1980 156,230 ... ...
1981 to 1990 93,540 ... ...
1991 to 2000 66,620 ... ...
2001 to 2005 44,060 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 46,160 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 498,785 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 124,470 ... ...
5 rooms 69,000 ... ...
6 rooms 74,695 ... ...
7 rooms 71,775 ... ...
8 or more rooms 158,845 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 498,790 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 71,180 ... ...
2 bedrooms 114,845 ... ...
3 bedrooms 193,925 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 118,840 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 498,785 ... ...
Owner 338,730 ... ...
Renter 160,060 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 498,790 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 65,080 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 433,710 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 498,785 ... ...
1 household maintainer 287,975 ... ...
2 household maintainers 200,955 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 9,855 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 498,790 ... ...
Under 25 years 20,935 ... ...
25 to 34 years 79,070 ... ...
35 to 44 years 95,415 ... ...
45 to 54 years 118,295 ... ...
55 to 64 years 91,805 ... ...
65 to 74 years 52,430 ... ...
75 years and over 40,845 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 498,790 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 491,345 ... ...
More than one person per room 7,445 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 498,790 ... ...
Suitable 472,450 ... ...
Not suitable 26,335 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 496,860 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 386,845 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 110,015 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 90,260 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 337,550 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,211 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,282 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 301,049 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 346,796 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 160,025 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 15.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 891 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 925 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 1,005,005 485,970 519,040
Without income 45,830 20,310 25,515
With income 959,175 465,655 493,520
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 85,690 41,800 43,885
$5,000 to $9,999 62,690 24,720 37,970
$10,000 to $14,999 75,280 30,435 44,845
$15,000 to $19,999 70,060 27,510 42,545
$20,000 to $29,999 103,205 43,935 59,270
$30,000 to $39,999 96,400 43,845 52,555
$40,000 to $49,999 94,375 44,275 50,100
$50,000 to $59,999 89,260 42,730 46,530
$60,000 to $79,999 121,835 63,910 57,925
$80,000 to $99,999 77,245 43,660 33,585
$100,000 and over 83,135 58,825 24,310
$100,000 to $124,999 43,145 29,320 13,825
$125,000 and over 39,985 29,510 10,485
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,543 44,526 33,358
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 47,727 55,078 40,791
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 1,005,005 485,965 519,035
Without after-tax income 45,995 20,325 25,665
With after-tax income 959,015 465,640 493,375
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 88,540 42,340 46,200
$5,000 to $9,999 64,560 24,950 39,610
$10,000 to $14,999 76,765 30,960 45,805
$15,000 to $19,999 75,980 30,460 45,520
$20,000 to $29,999 124,025 54,145 69,880
$30,000 to $39,999 124,280 58,555 65,725
$40,000 to $49,999 121,980 57,675 64,305
$50,000 to $59,999 89,475 45,840 43,635
$60,000 to $79,999 117,155 66,385 50,775
$80,000 to $99,999 43,315 29,465 13,855
$100,000 and over 32,940 24,860 8,080
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,062 38,569 29,942
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 39,111 44,337 34,179
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.8 93.2 87.8
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 76.7 78.4 74.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 72.2 73.3 70.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.5 5.2 3.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.6 3.5 3.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.0 9.9 8.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.4 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.2 6.8 12.2
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.7 2.4 3.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.0 1.5 2.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.7 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.2 2.1 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.1 19.5 16.2
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.9 80.5 83.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.6 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 402,720 217,505 185,220
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 57,551 61,863 53,850
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 65,684 72,039 58,221
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 339,170 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,307 ... ...
Average family income ($) 110,275 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,334 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 90,076 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 122,745 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,141 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,145 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 75,153 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,101 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 154,645 ... ...
Median family income ($) 119,830 ... ...
Average family income ($) 133,199 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 100,173 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 107,977 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 51,290 ... ...
Median family income ($) 56,313 ... ...
Average family income ($) 64,474 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 50,387 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,441 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 194,645 91,815 102,825
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,689 36,020 35,283
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,034 44,890 41,377
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,578 31,692 31,489
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 35,741 36,819 34,778
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,215,735 592,545 623,185
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 456,870 215,475 241,390
In bottom decile 102,130 49,665 52,460
In second decile 84,790 37,995 46,795
In third decile 83,460 38,910 44,550
In fourth decile 87,730 42,220 45,515
In fifth decile 98,755 46,680 52,075
In top half of the Canadian distribution 758,870 377,070 381,795
In sixth decile 113,575 54,940 58,635
In seventh decile 130,200 63,130 67,075
In eighth decile 151,935 75,905 76,030
In ninth decile 177,110 88,200 88,915
In top decile 186,035 94,895 91,140
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 498,790 ... ...
Under $5,000 11,500 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,740 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 14,735 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,505 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 30,720 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 35,050 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 36,530 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 39,090 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 68,315 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 59,670 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 58,440 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,460 ... ...
$150,000 and over 78,030 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 498,790 ... ...
Under $5,000 11,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,870 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 14,875 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 19,310 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 36,085 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 43,805 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 48,950 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 45,260 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 82,330 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 63,575 ... ...
$100,000 and over 124,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 53,545 ... ...
$125,000 and over 71,410 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 498,790 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 76,066 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 91,780 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,864 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 75,198 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 140,660 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 41,579 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 48,442 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 36,080 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,796 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 358,120 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 94,905 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 108,802 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 80,341 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 89,103 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,215,735 592,545 623,185
Less than 18 years 258,890 131,390 127,500
Less than 6 years 84,785 42,685 42,100
18 to 64 years 814,310 396,745 417,565
65 years and over 142,535 64,420 78,115
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 142,440 66,105 76,335
Less than 18 years 34,955 18,120 16,835
Less than 6 years 12,030 6,175 5,855
18 to 64 years 94,355 43,875 50,480
65 years and over 13,135 4,115 9,020
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 11.7 11.2 12.2
Less than 18 years (%) 13.5 13.8 13.2
Less than 6 years (%) 14.2 14.5 13.9
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.1 12.1
65 years and over (%) 9.2 6.4 11.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA, Ontario (Code 505) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,236,324 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 1,133,633A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 9.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 526,627 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 498,636 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 196.6 ... ...
Land area (square km) 6,287.03 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,236,320 601,270 635,055
0 to 4 years 71,245 36,245 35,000
5 to 9 years 68,720 34,900 33,820
10 to 14 years 71,470 36,155 35,315
15 to 19 years 82,620 42,030 40,590
15 years 15,510 7,990 7,515
16 years 16,205 8,250 7,955
17 years 16,180 8,255 7,930
18 years 16,830 8,485 8,340
19 years 17,890 9,050 8,850
20 to 24 years 88,795 44,500 44,290
25 to 29 years 83,955 41,305 42,645
30 to 34 years 82,070 39,520 42,545
35 to 39 years 84,990 40,870 44,120
40 to 44 years 90,215 43,890 46,325
45 to 49 years 103,875 51,045 52,830
50 to 54 years 98,840 48,090 50,750
55 to 59 years 82,290 40,085 42,205
60 to 64 years 70,360 34,270 36,095
65 to 69 years 50,100 23,895 26,210
70 to 74 years 36,445 16,850 19,600
75 to 79 years 28,375 12,690 15,680
80 to 84 years 21,470 8,540 12,935
85 years and over 20,485 6,375 14,110
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.1 38.2 39.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.9 82.2 83.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 1,024,890 493,965 530,930
Married or living with a common-law partner 579,740 289,645 290,095
Married (and not separated) 461,205 230,155 231,055
Living common law 118,535 59,490 59,045
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 445,155 204,325 240,835
Single (never legally married) 306,365 160,450 145,915
Separated 26,815 11,120 15,700
Divorced 62,115 23,135 38,975
Widowed 49,855 9,620 40,240
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 340,515 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 164,220 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 76,030 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 71,190 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 29,070 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 340,515 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 284,145 ... ...
Married couples 224,940 ... ...
Without children at home 96,225 ... ...
With children at home 128,715 ... ...
1 child 47,500 ... ...
2 children 57,350 ... ...
3 or more children 23,870 ... ...
Common-law couples 59,210 ... ...
Without children at home 34,435 ... ...
With children at home 24,775 ... ...
1 child 11,810 ... ...
2 children 9,430 ... ...
3 or more children 3,535 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 56,370 ... ...
Female parent 44,160 ... ...
1 child 25,725 ... ...
2 children 13,245 ... ...
3 or more children 5,185 ... ...
Male parent 12,210 ... ...
1 child 7,840 ... ...
2 children 3,475 ... ...
3 or more children 900 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 372,080 ... ...
Under six years of age 84,550 ... ...
6 to 14 years 125,670 ... ...
15 to 17 years 46,590 ... ...
18 to 24 years 79,015 ... ...
25 years and over 36,260 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,215,465 592,935 622,530
Number of persons not in census families 218,720 101,700 117,025
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 25,040 10,410 14,625
Living with non-relatives only 52,960 29,745 23,215
Living alone 140,720 61,545 79,180
Number of census family persons 996,745 491,235 505,505
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 142,825 64,445 78,375
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 47,770 13,060 34,715
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,095 1,460 5,640
Living with non-relatives only 2,840 1,290 1,550
Living alone 37,835 10,310 27,525
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 95,055 51,390 43,665
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 498,640 ... ...
Census-family households 333,825 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 308,335 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 262,085 ... ...
Without children 120,170 ... ...
With children 141,910 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 46,250 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 25,495 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 19,000 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 12,635 ... ...
Without children 4,965 ... ...
With children 7,670 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 6,360 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 6,495 ... ...
Non-census-family households 164,815 ... ...
One-person households 140,720 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 24,090 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 498,635 ... ...
Single-detached house 226,180 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 72,150 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,125 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 199,180 ... ...
Semi-detached house 35,590 ... ...
Row house 79,725 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 14,710 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 68,495 ... ...
Other single-attached house 665 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 498,635 ... ...
1 person 140,720 ... ...
2 persons 166,175 ... ...
3 persons 80,020 ... ...
4 persons 73,830 ... ...
5 persons 25,990 ... ...
6 or more persons 11,900 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,215,465 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,222,760 595,810 626,950
  Single responses  1,187,685 578,925 608,760
    English  599,295 298,245 301,050
    French  384,160 183,510 200,650
    Non-official languages  204,230 97,175 107,060
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 565 200 365
        Atikamekw    5 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  215 100 115
        Dene  10 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  10 5 5
        Inuktitut  225 55 165
        Mi'kmaq  25 10 15
        Ojibway  70 25 45
        Oji-Cree  10 5 5
        Stoney  5 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 201,255 95,815 105,435
        African languages, n.i.e 525 265 255
        Afrikaans  155 80 75
        Akan (Twi)  325 155 170
        Albanian  625 310 310
        Amharic  1,225 595 635
        Arabic  34,020 17,795 16,230
        Armenian  475 245 235
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 645 315 330
        Bengali  2,915 1,495 1,425
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  175 90 85
        Bisayan languages  385 110 280
        Bosnian  720 335 385
        Bulgarian  1,030 475 555
        Burmese  165 85 80
        Cantonese  6,575 3,080 3,490
        Chinese, n.o.s.  13,580 6,390 7,190
        Creoles  4,455 1,905 2,555
        Croatian  1,205 580 625
        Czech  1,065 485 580
        Danish  335 155 185
        Dutch  2,745 1,315 1,425
        Estonian  190 85 105
        Finnish  340 135 205
        Flemish  105 50 60
        Fukien  85 40 45
        German  6,640 2,940 3,705
        Greek  2,180 1,165 1,015
        Gujarati  1,225 640 580
        Hakka  60 35 25
        Hebrew  365 200 165
        Hindi  2,365 1,195 1,170
        Hungarian  1,885 940 950
        Ilocano  365 120 240
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 140 80 55
        Italian  9,960 5,025 4,935
        Japanese  1,030 325 705
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,300 570 730
        Korean  1,710 725 985
        Kurdish  715 375 340
        Lao  475 235 240
        Latvian  295 135 165
        Lingala  385 180 205
        Lithuanian  225 100 130
        Macedonian  70 35 35
        Malay  390 165 225
        Malayalam  450 225 225
        Maltese  40 10 25
        Mandarin  7,275 3,360 3,920
        Marathi  240 115 125
        Nepali  465 230 240
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 870 465 405
        Norwegian  155 60 95
        Oromo  565 310 260
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,365 1,680 1,685
        Pashto  720 385 335
        Persian (Farsi)  6,555 3,285 3,270
        Polish  6,230 2,830 3,395
        Portuguese  6,625 3,190 3,440
        Romanian  3,280 1,520 1,760
        Rundi (Kirundi)  935 420 520
        Russian  6,030 2,635 3,400
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  875 335 535
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 170 85 85
        Serbian  2,195 1,100 1,095
        Serbo-Croatian  960 465 495
        Shanghainese  80 35 45
        Sign languages, n.i.e 140 65 70
        Sindhi  245 120 130
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  730 360 370
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 360 175 180
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 75 40 35
        Slovak  680 305 375
        Slovenian  245 115 130
        Somali  6,290 2,690 3,600
        Spanish  14,920 6,850 8,070
        Swahili  1,070 515 555
        Swedish  290 130 160
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5,070 1,675 3,395
        Taiwanese  175 75 100
        Tamil  2,100 1,080 1,020
        Telugu  345 170 170
        Thai  385 105 275
        Tibetan languages  20 10 10
        Tigrigna  775 375 400
        Turkish  1,510 775 740
        Ukrainian  1,675 730 945
        Urdu  3,790 1,925 1,860
        Vietnamese  6,230 2,915 3,310
        Yiddish  230 120 105
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,405 1,155 1,250
  Multiple responses          35,075 16,885 18,190
    English and French  16,665 8,010 8,650
    English and non-official language  11,795 5,770 6,020
    French and non-official language  4,630 2,190 2,440
    English, French and non-official language 1,985 905 1,075
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,222,755 595,805 626,950
  English only 556,405 282,365 274,040
  French only 105,280 46,280 59,000
  English and French 547,625 261,975 285,650
  Neither English nor French 13,445 5,185 8,260
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,222,755 595,810 626,950
  English 774,485 383,195 391,295
  French 408,010 194,450 213,560
  English and French 27,220 13,200 14,025
  Neither English nor French 13,040 4,965 8,070
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 421,625 201,050 220,575
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 34.5 33.7 35.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,222,760 595,810 626,950
  Single responses 1,169,560 570,455 599,110
    English 718,430 355,105 363,330
    French 345,630 165,270 180,365
    Non-official languages 105,500 50,085 55,420
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 170 60 110
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 80 30 50
        Dene 0 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais 5 5 5
        Inuktitut 60 15 45
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
        Ojibway 20 10 10
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 104,505 49,620 54,885
        African languages, n.i.e. 205 95 110
        Afrikaans 50 30 25
        Akan (Twi) 110 55 55
        Albanian 310 155 155
        Amharic 685 315 365
        Arabic 20,295 10,240 10,050
        Armenian 240 120 115
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 100 45 60
        Bengali 1,965 970 995
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 75 30 45
        Bisayan languages 125 40 80
        Bosnian 405 205 200
        Bulgarian 575 275 300
        Burmese 100 45 55
        Cantonese 4,070 1,895 2,175
        Chinese, n.o.s. 9,180 4,330 4,855
        Creoles 1,855 765 1,085
        Croatian 500 245 255
        Czech 295 135 160
        Danish 30 15 10
        Dutch 200 95 110
        Estonian 45 20 30
        Finnish 30 10 15
        Flemish 5 0 5
        Fukien 15 10 10
        German 875 380 490
        Greek 665 325 335
        Gujarati 460 225 240
        Hakka 10 5 5
        Hebrew 145 70 70
        Hindi 1,055 520 535
        Hungarian 545 260 285
        Ilocano 160 65 100
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
        Italian 2,980 1,355 1,625
        Japanese 420 160 260
        Khmer (Cambodian) 635 285 350
        Korean 1,050 485 570
        Kurdish 440 220 220
        Lao 255 135 125
        Latvian 70 30 45
        Lingala 135 50 75
        Lithuanian 55 25 30
        Macedonian 30 15 15
        Malay 115 60 55
        Malayalam 180 90 95
        Maltese 5 0 5
        Mandarin 5,530 2,680 2,855
        Marathi 120 55 65
        Nepali 345 165 175
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75
        Norwegian 10 5 5
        Oromo 265 125 140
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,830 875 960
        Pashto 525 280 245
        Persian (Farsi) 4,165 1,970 2,200
        Polish 2,505 1,165 1,340
        Portuguese 2,775 1,320 1,455
        Romanian 1,880 900 985
        Rundi (Kirundi) 330 160 170
        Russian 3,825 1,785 2,040
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 285 120 170
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50
        Serbian 1,600 805 795
        Serbo-Croatian 600 305 300
        Shanghainese 40 20 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 225 130 90
        Sindhi 60 25 40
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 350 175 175
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 275 140 135
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Slovak 205 95 110
        Slovenian 35 15 15
        Somali 3,935 1,635 2,295
        Spanish 8,485 3,970 4,515
        Swahili 390 170 215
        Swedish 65 35 30
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,125 830 1,295
        Taiwanese 80 35 45
        Tamil 1,285 630 655
        Telugu 125 60 65
        Thai 135 45 80
        Tibetan languages 5 5 5
        Tigrigna 405 180 225
        Turkish 805 395 410
        Ukrainian 445 200 245
        Urdu 2,050 1,025 1,025
        Vietnamese 4,315 2,025 2,295
        Yiddish 15 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 830 405 420
  Multiple responses         53,190 25,355 27,840
    English and French 17,120 8,000 9,120
    English and non-official language 27,065 13,210 13,855
    French and non-official language 5,045 2,270 2,775
    English, French and non-official language 3,960 1,870 2,095
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,222,760 595,805 626,945
  None 942,040 462,705 479,335
  Single responses  270,045 128,120 141,925
    English  122,885 59,095 63,790
    French  76,435 35,695 40,735
    Non-official languages  70,725 33,325 37,405
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 355 130 220
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  115 55 65
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  145 45 95
        Mi'kmaq  20 10 5
        Ojibway  65 25 45
        Oji-Cree  10 5 10
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 68,855 32,505 36,345
        African languages, n.i.e 250 120 125
        Afrikaans  75 30 40
        Akan (Twi)  235 100 135
        Albanian  165 85 75
        Amharic  390 180 205
        Arabic  10,390 5,505 4,885
        Armenian  110 45 60
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 370 185 185
        Bengali  640 355 285
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  55 25 25
        Bisayan languages  100 35 65
        Bosnian  225 95 125
        Bulgarian  275 130 150
        Burmese  50 25 25
        Cantonese  1,800 845 955
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,855 1,360 1,490
        Creoles  3,145 1,335 1,805
        Croatian  415 210 200
        Czech  355 140 215
        Danish  140 60 85
        Dutch  925 415 510
        Estonian  65 25 35
        Finnish  145 50 95
        Flemish  20 10 10
        Fukien  35 15 20
        German  2,730 1,210 1,520
        Greek  1,160 625 535
        Gujarati  600 310 290
        Hakka  20 10 10
        Hebrew  355 180 180
        Hindi  1,425 730 695
        Hungarian  560 260 300
        Ilocano  95 25 70
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 65 35 25
        Italian  4,210 2,035 2,175
        Japanese  595 260 340
        Khmer (Cambodian)  440 190 250
        Korean  500 215 285
        Kurdish  155 80 75
        Lao  125 60 65
        Latvian  85 40 45
        Lingala  620 255 370
        Lithuanian  70 30 45
        Macedonian  20 5 15
        Malay  185 80 105
        Malayalam  190 100 95
        Maltese  20 10 15
        Mandarin  1,745 765 975
        Marathi  65 25 35
        Nepali  60 25 40
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 735 350 385
        Norwegian  80 30 50
        Oromo  145 75 65
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,090 545 545
        Pashto  140 70 65
        Persian (Farsi)  1,555 815 740
        Polish  1,980 815 1,165
        Portuguese  2,250 1,085 1,165
        Romanian  830 395 435
        Rundi (Kirundi)  510 225 285
        Russian  1,645 715 930
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  425 155 265
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 50 20 30
        Serbian  380 200 185
        Serbo-Croatian  170 90 80
        Shanghainese  25 10 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e 145 55 90
        Sindhi  120 60 65
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  280 140 145
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 35 20 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Slovak  240 100 140
        Slovenian  70 20 45
        Somali  2,015 925 1,090
        Spanish  6,505 3,050 3,455
        Swahili  780 360 425
        Swedish  170 80 95
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,920 565 1,355
        Taiwanese  65 25 40
        Tamil  660 345 320
        Telugu  145 70 70
        Thai  205 65 140
        Tibetan languages  10 5 0
        Tigrigna  265 130 135
        Turkish  420 225 195
        Ukrainian  545 220 320
        Urdu  1,445 750 695
        Vietnamese  1,420 685 735
        Yiddish  55 25 25
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,520 685 835
  Multiple responses          10,665 4,985 5,680
    English and French  3,345 1,610 1,740
    English and non-official language  3,125 1,465 1,660
    French and non-official language  4,110 1,865 2,245
    English, French and non-official language  85 40 45

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA, Ontario (Code 505) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA, Ontario

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Ottawa - Gatineau (Census metropolitan area), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Ottawa - Gatineau, CMA, Ontario (Census metropolitan area)