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NHS Profile, Toronto, CMA, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Toronto, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 5,521,235 2,684,125 2,837,110
North American Aboriginal origins 64,725 30,585 34,145
First Nations (North American Indian) 52,080 24,495 27,580
Inuit 1,385 745 640
Métis 12,485 5,870 6,615
Other North American origins 768,350 380,375 387,975
Acadian 3,970 1,935 2,040
American 47,165 22,510 24,655
Canadian 728,745 361,410 367,335
New Brunswicker 75 45 35
Newfoundlander 3,135 1,535 1,600
Nova Scotian 445 205 240
Ontarian 585 240 345
Québécois 1,390 600 785
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 510 260 255
European origins 2,813,400 1,372,420 1,440,975
British Isles origins 1,334,050 650,375 683,675
Channel Islander 325 195 130
Cornish 340 150 190
English 777,110 378,805 398,305
Irish 543,600 258,545 285,055
Manx 710 370 340
Scottish 545,365 263,290 282,075
Welsh 56,040 26,270 29,775
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 104,070 49,715 54,355
French origins 249,630 118,065 131,565
Alsatian 285 105 185
Breton 55 25 30
French 249,375 117,970 131,405
Western European origins (except French origins) 385,120 186,050 199,075
Austrian 28,450 13,665 14,785
Belgian 8,950 4,300 4,650
Dutch 98,925 48,010 50,920
Flemish 1,080 505 575
Frisian 295 185 110
German 262,830 126,640 136,195
Luxembourger 500 275 225
Swiss 13,455 6,670 6,790
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 300 130 165
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 68,760 33,200 35,555
Danish 15,820 7,740 8,075
Finnish 16,000 7,660 8,345
Icelandic 3,900 1,795 2,100
Norwegian 15,640 7,720 7,925
Swedish 19,460 9,030 10,435
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 2,440 1,240 1,200
Eastern European origins 541,280 259,015 282,265
Bulgarian 10,555 5,215 5,345
Byelorussian 6,220 2,840 3,375
Czech 15,220 7,265 7,955
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 4,575 2,190 2,385
Estonian 7,885 3,555 4,330
Hungarian 56,045 26,745 29,305
Latvian 8,690 4,140 4,550
Lithuanian 15,590 7,760 7,830
Moldovan 2,100 1,075 1,020
Polish 214,455 103,350 111,105
Romanian 41,160 20,050 21,105
Russian 118,090 55,070 63,025
Slovak 13,840 6,825 7,015
Ukrainian 130,350 62,100 68,250
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 4,595 2,265 2,335
Southern European origins 961,385 476,555 484,825
Albanian 15,215 7,725 7,495
Bosnian 6,040 3,070 2,975
Croatian 35,115 17,480 17,630
Cypriot 2,525 1,225 1,305
Greek 96,430 49,575 46,860
Italian 475,090 237,170 237,925
Kosovar 820 390 435
Macedonian 25,060 12,705 12,350
Maltese 19,065 9,720 9,340
Montenegrin 1,250 605 650
Portuguese 196,975 97,380 99,590
Serbian 29,030 14,725 14,305
Sicilian 1,120 570 555
Slovenian 11,980 5,890 6,090
Spanish 105,740 49,060 56,680
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 8,675 4,195 4,480
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 305 140 165
Other European origins 149,415 75,090 74,325
Basque 550 350 200
Jewish 137,165 68,505 68,660
Roma (Gypsy) 1,875 980 895
Slavic, n.o.s. 1,130 645 485
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 9,705 5,140 4,565
Caribbean origins 308,425 138,625 169,795
Antiguan 2,240 1,195 1,040
Bahamian 615 315 305
Barbadian 16,700 7,275 9,425
Bermudan 770 360 405
Carib 1,985 810 1,175
Cuban 7,725 3,460 4,265
Dominican 5,320 2,565 2,750
Grenadian 10,460 4,570 5,890
Haitian 4,000 1,885 2,115
Jamaican 177,305 79,685 97,615
Kittitian/Nevisian 1,565 650 910
Martinican 140 35 100
Montserratan 280 140 135
Puerto Rican 390 190 200
St. Lucian 4,215 1,590 2,625
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 40,340 18,750 21,590
Vincentian/Grenadinian 8,860 3,770 5,090
West Indian, n.o.s. 38,965 17,500 21,470
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 11,235 4,785 6,450
Latin, Central and South American origins 185,910 87,910 98,000
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 5,630 2,635 2,990
Argentinian 7,140 3,515 3,620
Belizean 255 95 155
Bolivian 1,155 500 655
Brazilian 10,240 4,990 5,260
Chilean 8,470 4,210 4,265
Colombian 21,285 10,225 11,060
Costa Rican 2,165 1,085 1,080
Ecuadorian 14,560 7,000 7,560
Guatemalan 4,780 2,495 2,280
Guyanese 56,220 25,910 30,315
Hispanic 2,060 825 1,235
Honduran 1,230 535 700
Maya 1,025 460 560
Mexican 15,160 7,295 7,860
Nicaraguan 2,855 1,195 1,665
Panamanian 1,275 510 765
Paraguayan 345 150 200
Peruvian 10,210 4,660 5,550
Salvadorean 14,920 7,515 7,410
Uruguayan 3,115 1,620 1,495
Venezuelan 5,655 2,600 3,060
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 6,935 3,235 3,700
African origins 221,590 107,150 114,445
Central and West African origins 47,760 24,000 23,760
Akan 615 325 295
Angolan 930 435 500
Ashanti 655 325 335
Beninese 195 140 55
Burkinabe 55 20 35
Cameroonian 1,580 785 790
Chadian 35 25 0
Congolese 3,335 1,615 1,725
Gabonese 15 10 0
Gambian 255 150 100
Ghanaian 18,885 9,185 9,700
Guinean 440 230 210
Ibo 1,095 630 475
Ivorian 410 255 150
Liberian 320 185 135
Malian 115 70 40
Nigerian 15,755 8,080 7,675
Peulh 20 0 0
Senegalese 280 100 180
Sierra Leonean 555 280 280
Togolese 235 125 110
Yoruba 2,025 1,055 970
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 2,985 1,490 1,485
North African origins 38,805 20,115 18,685
Algerian 1,180 500 675
Berber 685 350 335
Coptic 1,875 1,005 870
Dinka 10 0 0
Egyptian 26,100 13,800 12,295
Libyan 840 435 405
Maure 240 150 85
Moroccan 6,460 3,165 3,285
Sudanese 2,615 1,275 1,340
Tunisian 825 400 420
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 335 205 135
Southern and East African origins 65,100 30,670 34,430
Afrikaner 295 120 180
Amhara 350 200 155
Bantu, n.o.s. 400 240 160
Burundian 565 335 230
Eritrean 4,905 2,390 2,520
Ethiopian 12,460 5,995 6,465
Harari 515 230 290
Kenyan 3,305 1,520 1,785
Malagasy 95 35 55
Mauritian 2,185 915 1,275
Oromo 725 430 295
Rwandan 855 365 485
Seychellois 125 60 70
Somali 21,455 9,575 11,875
South African 9,340 4,765 4,575
Tanzanian 1,570 745 825
Tigrian 300 175 125
Ugandan 1,605 760 845
Zambian 345 165 180
Zimbabwean 2,120 1,000 1,120
Zulu 165 85 75
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 5,225 2,470 2,755
Other African origins 74,725 34,815 39,910
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 10,830 4,655 6,180
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 64,645 30,510 34,140
Asian origins 2,078,070 1,007,950 1,070,125
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 250,155 127,755 122,400
Afghan 31,245 15,745 15,500
Arab, n.o.s. 22,020 11,695 10,325
Armenian 17,795 8,980 8,820
Assyrian 6,405 3,330 3,070
Azerbaijani 2,090 1,100 990
Georgian 1,335 655 680
Iranian 76,265 38,660 37,600
Iraqi 19,775 10,070 9,705
Israeli 7,625 3,670 3,960
Jordanian 3,505 1,810 1,695
Kazakh 495 280 220
Kurd 3,195 1,735 1,460
Kuwaiti 320 115 195
Lebanese 24,270 12,530 11,740
Palestinian 10,890 5,735 5,155
Pashtun 1,495 780 710
Saudi Arabian 1,875 950 925
Syrian 8,085 4,040 4,045
Tajik 1,170 560 610
Tatar 1,140 560 585
Turk 19,855 10,020 9,835
Uighur 390 190 200
Uzbek 1,185 555 625
Yemeni 1,435 700 730
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 7,260 4,060 3,200
South Asian origins 857,575 428,390 429,180
Bangladeshi 17,340 8,790 8,550
Bengali 10,230 5,245 4,980
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 572,250 284,995 287,255
Goan 3,755 1,780 1,975
Gujarati 4,125 2,015 2,110
Kashmiri 1,390 725 665
Nepali 3,125 1,615 1,515
Pakistani 90,610 46,230 44,380
Punjabi 33,780 17,455 16,325
Sinhalese 3,930 1,975 1,950
Sri Lankan 104,980 52,105 52,880
Tamil 40,655 20,630 20,025
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 36,095 18,105 17,995
East and Southeast Asian origins 986,860 460,090 526,765
Burmese 1,915 935 970
Cambodian (Khmer) 5,440 2,605 2,835
Chinese 594,735 284,020 310,715
Filipino 246,345 105,815 140,530
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 4,870 2,330 2,540
Japanese 25,890 12,000 13,885
Korean 64,755 31,065 33,685
Laotian 4,075 2,030 2,050
Malaysian 4,590 1,950 2,640
Mongolian 1,350 710 640
Singaporean 665 330 335
Taiwanese 7,375 3,500 3,880
Thai 3,070 1,240 1,830
Tibetan 4,585 2,270 2,310
Vietnamese 70,725 33,975 36,750
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 3,310 1,615 1,695
Other Asian origins 11,625 5,855 5,775
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 11,625 5,850 5,775
Oceania origins 9,035 4,635 4,405
Australian 5,580 2,920 2,660
New Zealander 1,820 900 915
Pacific Islands origins 1,800 885 920
Fijian 1,000 470 530
Hawaiian 275 145 130
Maori 120 35 85
Polynesian, n.o.s. 90 50 40
Samoan 35 25 15
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 295 165 130

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Toronto, CMA, Ontario (Code 535) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 11, 2022).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Toronto, CMA, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Toronto, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 5,583,064 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 5,113,149 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 9.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,079,459 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,989,705 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 945.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 5,905.71 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 5,583,065 2,708,950 2,874,115
0 to 4 years 318,900 163,635 155,275
5 to 9 years 319,650 163,895 155,755
10 to 14 years 336,780 173,245 163,540
15 to 19 years 371,720 191,685 180,040
15 years 73,540 37,845 35,690
16 years 74,905 38,880 36,030
17 years 73,895 38,430 35,475
18 years 74,550 38,435 36,120
19 years 74,825 38,095 36,725
20 to 24 years 380,370 191,990 188,390
25 to 29 years 389,230 188,235 200,995
30 to 34 years 386,120 181,120 205,000
35 to 39 years 403,930 191,335 212,595
40 to 44 years 436,250 209,395 226,855
45 to 49 years 465,350 227,590 237,760
50 to 54 years 422,305 206,105 216,205
55 to 59 years 348,200 167,515 180,685
60 to 64 years 297,595 142,385 155,210
65 to 69 years 210,605 99,835 110,765
70 to 74 years 167,815 76,990 90,825
75 to 79 years 135,355 60,665 74,690
80 to 84 years 102,185 42,575 59,610
85 years and over 90,705 30,765 59,935
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.6 37.7 39.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.5 81.5 83.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 4,607,730 2,208,185 2,399,550
Married or living with a common-law partner 2,594,105 1,296,645 1,297,460
Married (and not separated) 2,344,350 1,169,565 1,174,790
Living common law 249,760 127,085 122,670
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 2,013,620 911,535 1,102,090
Single (never legally married) 1,407,150 730,205 676,945
Separated 128,055 50,475 77,580
Divorced 244,305 88,550 155,760
Widowed 234,115 42,310 191,810
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 1,529,240 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 623,845 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 375,770 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 377,645 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 151,970 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 1,529,235 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 1,256,915 ... ...
Married couples 1,132,220 ... ...
Without children at home 385,825 ... ...
With children at home 746,400 ... ...
1 child 272,540 ... ...
2 children 337,380 ... ...
3 or more children 136,480 ... ...
Common-law couples 124,690 ... ...
Without children at home 78,220 ... ...
With children at home 46,465 ... ...
1 child 22,890 ... ...
2 children 16,575 ... ...
3 or more children 6,995 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 272,325 ... ...
Female parent 224,850 ... ...
1 child 129,030 ... ...
2 children 67,575 ... ...
3 or more children 28,240 ... ...
Male parent 47,480 ... ...
1 child 30,770 ... ...
2 children 12,765 ... ...
3 or more children 3,945 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 1,905,100 ... ...
Under six years of age 380,770 ... ...
6 to 14 years 588,410 ... ...
15 to 17 years 216,180 ... ...
18 to 24 years 418,935 ... ...
25 years and over 300,810 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 5,521,275 2,682,920 2,838,355
Number of persons not in census families 830,025 368,825 461,195
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 162,640 57,765 104,875
Living with non-relatives only 196,765 104,600 92,165
Living alone 470,610 206,460 264,150
Number of census family persons 4,691,255 2,314,095 2,377,155
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 667,805 299,345 368,455
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 218,210 57,125 161,090
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 61,510 12,110 49,400
Living with non-relatives only 12,960 5,980 6,985
Living alone 143,740 39,035 104,705
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 449,590 242,220 207,370
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 1,989,705 ... ...
Census-family households 1,438,240 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 1,223,665 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 1,027,445 ... ...
Without children 374,195 ... ...
With children 653,245 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 196,225 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 214,575 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 130,745 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 94,900 ... ...
Without children 23,915 ... ...
With children 70,985 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 35,850 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 83,830 ... ...
Non-census-family households 551,465 ... ...
One-person households 470,615 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 80,855 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 1,989,705 ... ...
Single-detached house 820,895 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 545,840 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 715 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 622,255 ... ...
Semi-detached house 153,110 ... ...
Row house 176,625 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 81,695 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 208,045 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,785 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 1,989,705 ... ...
1 person 470,615 ... ...
2 persons 549,420 ... ...
3 persons 352,420 ... ...
4 persons 362,720 ... ...
5 persons 154,370 ... ...
6 or more persons 100,155 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 5,521,275 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.8 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,880 2,691,800 2,850,085
  Single responses  5,357,905 2,602,870 2,755,035
    English  2,980,215 1,470,135 1,510,075
    French  63,160 28,975 34,185
    Non-official languages  2,314,530 1,103,750 1,210,780
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 455 195 255
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  135 55 80
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  20 5 15
        Mi'kmaq  20 10 10
        Ojibway  270 120 150
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,296,960 1,095,360 1,201,600
        African languages, n.i.e 1,450 770 685
        Afrikaans  960 480 480
        Akan (Twi)  8,790 4,115 4,675
        Albanian  12,160 6,190 5,970
        Amharic  6,545 2,990 3,560
        Arabic  66,710 34,955 31,750
        Armenian  10,925 5,250 5,675
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,840 880 955
        Bengali  31,770 16,160 15,610
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  5,155 2,005 3,140
        Bosnian  2,660 1,305 1,360
        Bulgarian  7,000 3,420 3,575
        Burmese  950 455 495
        Cantonese  170,490 79,225 91,265
        Chinese, n.o.s.  157,145 73,990 83,150
        Creoles  4,780 2,200 2,575
        Croatian  17,740 8,545 9,190
        Czech  5,580 2,605 2,980
        Danish  1,730 775 950
        Dutch  10,240 4,845 5,390
        Estonian  3,285 1,375 1,915
        Finnish  2,950 1,165 1,785
        Flemish  330 135 200
        Fukien  3,235 1,550 1,690
        German  34,295 15,450 18,845
        Greek  42,840 21,120 21,725
        Gujarati  58,715 29,245 29,465
        Hakka  3,400 1,615 1,785
        Hebrew  10,415 5,545 4,870
        Hindi  39,575 19,760 19,815
        Hungarian  21,380 9,975 11,405
        Ilocano  6,920 2,595 4,330
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 2,125 1,125 995
        Italian  166,415 80,980 85,440
        Japanese  8,890 3,245 5,640
        Khmer (Cambodian)  2,950 1,355 1,595
        Korean  51,395 24,025 27,365
        Kurdish  2,310 1,290 1,020
        Lao  2,360 1,140 1,215
        Latvian  2,740 1,115 1,630
        Lingala  375 155 220
        Lithuanian  3,400 1,420 1,980
        Macedonian  12,850 6,220 6,635
        Malay  4,125 1,880 2,245
        Malayalam  8,400 4,265 4,140
        Maltese  4,020 2,025 1,995
        Mandarin  100,050 47,225 52,820
        Marathi  3,285 1,690 1,605
        Nepali  2,665 1,375 1,290
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 4,330 2,175 2,150
        Norwegian  455 200 250
        Oromo  1,115 545 575
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  153,475 77,760 75,710
        Pashto  5,880 2,985 2,895
        Persian (Farsi)  81,015 40,985 40,025
        Polish  75,275 34,525 40,750
        Portuguese  104,110 50,310 53,805
        Romanian  25,825 12,160 13,665
        Rundi (Kirundi)  270 135 140
        Russian  78,105 36,000 42,105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  340 140 200
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 9,615 4,735 4,885
        Serbian  21,525 10,520 10,995
        Serbo-Croatian  2,685 1,290 1,395
        Shanghainese  1,255 520 735
        Sign languages, n.i.e 675 380 295
        Sindhi  5,585 2,600 2,980
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  7,470 3,635 3,835
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 455 225 225
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 820 405 415
        Slovak  4,685 2,140 2,545
        Slovenian  4,200 1,900 2,300
        Somali  14,010 5,955 8,055
        Spanish  119,965 57,010 62,955
        Swahili  2,955 1,415 1,540
        Swedish  1,145 460 685
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  119,240 46,085 73,155
        Taiwanese  2,535 1,170 1,370
        Tamil  105,340 51,855 53,485
        Telugu  5,450 2,865 2,585
        Thai  1,590 510 1,080
        Tibetan languages  3,825 1,930 1,900
        Tigrigna  3,750 1,725 2,020
        Turkish  12,010 6,320 5,685
        Ukrainian  25,540 11,365 14,170
        Urdu  110,255 55,995 54,255
        Vietnamese  45,270 21,100 24,170
        Yiddish  4,580 2,080 2,500
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 17,120 8,195 8,920
  Multiple responses          183,975 88,930 95,040
    English and French  12,385 5,795 6,590
    English and non-official language  160,050 77,820 82,230
    French and non-official language  7,090 3,275 3,820
    English, French and non-official language 4,450 2,050 2,405
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,880 2,691,795 2,850,085
  English only 4,872,015 2,410,320 2,461,690
  French only 5,005 2,105 2,900
  English and French 424,265 184,565 239,700
  Neither English nor French 240,600 94,805 145,790
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,880 2,691,795 2,850,085
  English 5,189,150 2,545,690 2,643,460
  French 69,075 31,550 37,520
  English and French 47,110 21,670 25,445
  Neither English nor French 236,545 92,890 143,655
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 92,625 42,385 50,245
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.7 1.6 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,880 2,691,800 2,850,085
  Single responses 5,141,930 2,497,540 2,644,385
    English 3,714,190 1,817,825 1,896,365
    French 28,260 13,200 15,060
    Non-official languages 1,399,480 666,515 732,960
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 115 60 60
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 25 15 15
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 75 40 40
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,392,775 663,290 729,490
        African languages, n.i.e. 595 280 315
        Afrikaans 305 150 160
        Akan (Twi) 5,005 2,245 2,760
        Albanian 6,965 3,530 3,435
        Amharic 3,780 1,670 2,105
        Arabic 37,215 18,550 18,670
        Armenian 6,460 3,000 3,460
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 635 310 330
        Bengali 22,365 11,220 11,145
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 10 10 0
        Bisayan languages 1,720 755 970
        Bosnian 1,485 730 755
        Bulgarian 4,135 2,030 2,100
        Burmese 550 265 285
        Cantonese 137,630 63,480 74,150
        Chinese, n.o.s. 109,535 51,975 57,560
        Creoles 2,595 1,195 1,400
        Croatian 7,065 3,435 3,630
        Czech 2,090 990 1,100
        Danish 140 65 70
        Dutch 895 410 490
        Estonian 995 370 625
        Finnish 705 300 400
        Flemish 40 20 20
        Fukien 1,005 475 525
        German 4,675 2,090 2,585
        Greek 18,630 8,790 9,840
        Gujarati 37,010 18,145 18,870
        Hakka 1,580 730 845
        Hebrew 4,845 2,430 2,420
        Hindi 20,865 10,290 10,570
        Hungarian 9,555 4,505 5,055
        Ilocano 2,505 1,010 1,495
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 905 460 445
        Italian 63,015 27,885 35,130
        Japanese 4,355 1,925 2,430
        Khmer (Cambodian) 1,755 785 965
        Korean 38,200 18,175 20,020
        Kurdish 1,290 680 610
        Lao 1,235 620 620
        Latvian 905 380 520
        Lingala 110 50 65
        Lithuanian 1,285 565 720
        Macedonian 5,965 2,850 3,110
        Malay 1,515 720 795
        Malayalam 4,185 2,105 2,085
        Maltese 1,045 500 545
        Mandarin 82,780 40,215 42,560
        Marathi 1,580 805 775
        Nepali 1,775 910 865
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,510 720 795
        Norwegian 70 25 45
        Oromo 700 330 370
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 111,160 55,755 55,405
        Pashto 4,150 2,055 2,100
        Persian (Farsi) 57,515 28,180 29,335
        Polish 39,190 18,455 20,740
        Portuguese 52,755 25,500 27,255
        Romanian 14,405 6,885 7,520
        Rundi (Kirundi) 80 40 40
        Russian 55,795 26,315 29,475
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 140 60 75
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 6,660 3,225 3,435
        Serbian 13,385 6,465 6,920
        Serbo-Croatian 1,245 590 660
        Shanghainese 595 265 325
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,080 630 450
        Sindhi 2,525 1,130 1,400
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,650 1,785 1,865
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 280 135 140
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 250 110 140
        Slovak 1,720 820 905
        Slovenian 1,105 510 595
        Somali 9,870 4,145 5,730
        Spanish 73,345 34,780 38,560
        Swahili 1,255 595 660
        Swedish 185 85 100
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 56,925 23,640 33,280
        Taiwanese 1,265 595 670
        Tamil 80,225 38,995 41,230
        Telugu 3,210 1,645 1,565
        Thai 695 315 380
        Tibetan languages 3,110 1,565 1,540
        Tigrigna 2,110 940 1,165
        Turkish 7,860 3,975 3,885
        Ukrainian 11,870 5,400 6,470
        Urdu 72,215 36,060 36,155
        Vietnamese 32,690 15,255 17,435
        Yiddish 500 235 260
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 6,585 3,170 3,415
  Multiple responses         399,955 194,255 205,695
    English and French 9,730 4,410 5,320
    English and non-official language 380,810 185,680 195,130
    French and non-official language 2,805 1,270 1,535
    English, French and non-official language 6,605 2,895 3,715
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 5,541,885 2,691,795 2,850,085
  None 4,231,935 2,059,945 2,171,990
  Single responses  1,284,160 619,850 664,310
    English  561,955 277,375 284,585
    French  48,935 21,360 27,575
    Non-official languages  673,275 321,115 352,160
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 380 165 215
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  85 30 55
        Dene  10 5 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 10 5
        Mi'kmaq  20 10 10
        Ojibway  255 110 145
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 664,695 317,080 347,620
        African languages, n.i.e 715 375 340
        Afrikaans  685 340 345
        Akan (Twi)  3,985 1,890 2,095
        Albanian  3,275 1,630 1,650
        Amharic  2,210 995 1,220
        Arabic  23,285 12,330 10,955
        Armenian  3,010 1,455 1,555
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 850 380 465
        Bengali  6,480 3,280 3,200
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 5 5
        Bisayan languages  1,265 470 790
        Bosnian  790 380 410
        Bulgarian  1,630 775 850
        Burmese  250 120 135
        Cantonese  37,100 17,705 19,390
        Chinese, n.o.s.  26,965 12,860 14,105
        Creoles  4,320 1,890 2,430
        Croatian  7,110 3,400 3,710
        Czech  1,780 770 1,005
        Danish  700 305 395
        Dutch  3,595 1,550 2,045
        Estonian  1,265 525 735
        Finnish  1,040 390 650
        Flemish  80 30 50
        Fukien  1,375 660 715
        German  13,610 6,050 7,560
        Greek  22,165 11,045 11,115
        Gujarati  15,180 7,575 7,610
        Hakka  965 455 505
        Hebrew  7,965 3,990 3,975
        Hindi  26,590 13,450 13,135
        Hungarian  5,860 2,590 3,270
        Ilocano  1,895 720 1,175
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 745 375 365
        Italian  67,625 33,025 34,595
        Japanese  3,990 1,660 2,330
        Khmer (Cambodian)  800 360 440
        Korean  9,275 4,350 4,925
        Kurdish  650 355 290
        Lao  705 345 355
        Latvian  940 360 575
        Lingala  580 260 325
        Lithuanian  1,085 435 650
        Macedonian  4,510 2,190 2,315
        Malay  1,455 635 820
        Malayalam  3,315 1,660 1,650
        Maltese  1,620 745 880
        Mandarin  18,105 8,180 9,930
        Marathi  1,030 505 520
        Nepali  540 270 265
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 3,615 1,745 1,870
        Norwegian  230 100 125
        Oromo  315 155 155
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  30,815 15,835 14,985
        Pashto  1,110 605 505
        Persian (Farsi)  15,325 8,020 7,310
        Polish  20,550 9,305 11,240
        Portuguese  38,475 18,585 19,890
        Romanian  6,935 3,175 3,760
        Rundi (Kirundi)  140 65 70
        Russian  16,700 7,720 8,980
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  175 65 105
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 2,045 1,015 1,030
        Serbian  5,770 2,860 2,910
        Serbo-Croatian  715 360 355
        Shanghainese  405 170 240
        Sign languages, n.i.e 375 155 220
        Sindhi  2,275 1,070 1,200
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  3,410 1,680 1,730
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 85 45 45
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 265 130 135
        Slovak  1,420 630 790
        Slovenian  1,450 645 805
        Somali  4,845 2,230 2,615
        Spanish  41,130 19,870 21,260
        Swahili  2,020 920 1,100
        Swedish  635 260 370
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  39,945 14,820 25,120
        Taiwanese  895 415 480
        Tamil  22,005 11,020 10,990
        Telugu  1,315 700 615
        Thai  555 180 380
        Tibetan languages  410 210 195
        Tigrigna  1,320 630 690
        Turkish  3,180 1,700 1,480
        Ukrainian  7,740 3,410 4,325
        Urdu  28,900 14,765 14,135
        Vietnamese  10,820 5,100 5,720
        Yiddish  1,440 615 825
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 8,195 3,870 4,325
  Multiple responses          25,785 12,000 13,780
    English and French  3,425 1,540 1,880
    English and non-official language  10,995 5,445 5,555
    French and non-official language  11,140 4,915 6,230
    English, French and non-official language  225 105 120

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Toronto, CMA, Ontario (Code 535) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 11, 2022).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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