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NHS Profile, Windsor, CMA, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Windsor, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 315,460 154,570 160,890
Canadian citizens 299,555 147,580 151,970
Canadian citizens aged under 18 67,185 34,530 32,655
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 232,370 113,050 119,325
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 15,905 6,990 8,915
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 315,455 154,570 160,890
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 242,160 119,585 122,570
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 70,285 33,290 37,000
Before 1971 17,335 8,030 9,305
1971 to 1980 8,710 4,120 4,590
1981 to 1990 8,595 4,260 4,330
1991 to 2000 17,345 8,340 9,005
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 18,310 8,535 9,770
2001 to 2005 9,085 4,370 4,710
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,225 4,165 5,065
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,010 1,695 1,320
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 70,285 33,290 37,000
Under 5 years 8,575 4,350 4,230
5 to 14 years 12,245 6,230 6,015
15 to 24 years 16,825 7,285 9,545
25 to 44 years 26,850 12,775 14,085
45 years and over 5,785 2,660 3,130
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 315,460 154,570 160,890
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 242,160 119,590 122,570
Born in province of residence 227,945 112,930 115,010
Born outside province of residence 14,215 6,655 7,560
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 70,290 33,285 37,000
Americas 10,900 4,635 6,265
United States 7,040 2,865 4,180
Jamaica 555 285 270
Guyana 80 40 40
Haiti 315 130 185
Mexico 575 270 305
Trinidad and Tobago 255 95 160
Colombia 185 80 105
El Salvador 645 300 350
Peru 60 0 35
Chile 125 45 80
Other places of birth in Americas 1,060 495 565
Europe 29,365 14,110 15,255
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 4,795 2,255 2,535
Italy 6,330 3,095 3,240
Germany 985 490 495
Poland 2,635 1,180 1,455
Portugal 580 255 325
Netherlands 365 190 175
France 295 120 185
Romania 2,595 1,255 1,340
Russian Federation 205 80 130
Greece 785 445 345
Ukraine 310 155 150
Croatia 2,250 1,050 1,200
Hungary 690 400 290
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,260 620 640
Serbia 1,315 585 730
Ireland, Republic of 235 110 125
Other places of birth in Europe 3,725 1,825 1,890
Africa 3,540 1,605 1,930
Morocco 25 0 20
Algeria 45 25 20
Egypt 315 190 125
South Africa, Republic of 175 75 100
Nigeria 330 165 160
Ethiopia 380 175 205
Kenya 60 0 30
Other places of birth in Africa 2,200 925 1,275
Asia 26,395 12,895 13,500
India 3,505 1,795 1,710
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,320 1,575 1,745
Philippines 2,605 1,100 1,505
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 655 350 305
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,530 710 820
Pakistan 1,545 815 730
Sri Lanka 315 145 170
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 480 265 215
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 365 175 195
Lebanon 3,285 1,670 1,615
Taiwan 160 95 65
Iraq 3,775 1,870 1,900
Bangladesh 350 215 130
Afghanistan 145 0 125
Japan 50 20 35
Turkey 325 155 165
Other places of birth in Asia 3,980 1,900 2,080
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 95 50 45
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 85 40 40
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,010 1,695 1,315
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 9,225 4,160 5,065
Americas 2,315 1,100 1,210
United States 1,565 760 805
Mexico 100 35 65
Cuba 15 0 0
Haiti 310 120 185
Jamaica 45 35 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 135 60 75
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 120 80 40
Europe 1,025 425 605
France 35 0 30
Germany 20 0 20
Poland 85 45 0
Romania 265 105 160
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 30 0 25
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 125 65 60
Other places of birth in Europe 445 190 260
Africa 1,065 455 610
Nigeria 115 50 65
Ethiopia 75 50 25
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 135 45 90
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 95 55 40
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 70 25 45
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 555 220 330
Asia 4,805 2,170 2,640
Philippines 400 150 245
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 560 260 305
India 500 215 285
Pakistan 320 165 150
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 75 20 55
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 80 30 45
Iraq 1,195 535 655
Bangladesh 125 80 45
Lebanon 220 100 115
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 85 40 45
Taiwan 90 55 40
Afghanistan 100 0 80
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 55 20 0
Nepal 90 45 40
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 90 45 45
Saudi Arabia 40 15 25
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 115 55 55
Other places of birth in Asia 610 280 330
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 10 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 315,460 154,570 160,885
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 74,060 35,450 38,610
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 67,365 33,250 34,115
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 174,030 85,865 88,165
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 315,455 154,570 160,890
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 54,250 26,880 27,370
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 9,520 4,935 4,590
Chinese 6,945 3,505 3,440
Black 10,575 4,850 5,720
Filipino 3,910 1,705 2,205
Latin American 2,545 1,315 1,230
Arab 12,740 6,550 6,185
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 3,470 1,750 1,725
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,720 890 825
Korean 475 250 225
Japanese 185 75 115
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 895 475 420
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,275 585 690
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 261,205 127,690 133,520
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 315,460 154,570 160,890
North American Aboriginal origins 12,430 5,970 6,460
First Nations (North American Indian) 9,830 4,705 5,125
Inuit 80 30 55
Métis 2,705 1,310 1,395
Other North American origins 88,025 43,005 45,025
Acadian 95 50 50
American 5,410 2,465 2,940
Canadian 84,360 41,430 42,920
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 100 25 75
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 275 105 165
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 25 0 0
European origins 224,175 109,190 114,985
British Isles origins 118,710 57,510 61,195
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 70,345 33,425 36,920
Irish 46,870 22,300 24,570
Manx 40 0 30
Scottish 41,790 20,450 21,340
Welsh 3,565 1,725 1,835
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 4,655 2,085 2,565
French origins 79,690 38,655 41,040
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 79,680 38,640 41,040
Western European origins (except French origins) 39,555 19,365 20,190
Austrian 1,920 895 1,030
Belgian 1,860 890 970
Dutch 7,515 3,740 3,780
Flemish 50 15 35
Frisian 0 0 0
German 29,970 14,685 15,285
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 895 455 440
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 20 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 4,085 1,945 2,140
Danish 985 365 625
Finnish 955 520 440
Icelandic 175 90 85
Norwegian 890 420 475
Swedish 1,175 575 600
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 150 95 55
Eastern European origins 39,420 18,765 20,660
Bulgarian 220 105 120
Byelorussian 75 20 60
Czech 1,355 685 670
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 785 325 465
Estonian 100 25 75
Hungarian 6,055 2,915 3,135
Latvian 120 65 55
Lithuanian 400 180 220
Moldovan 10 0 0
Polish 13,525 6,385 7,135
Romanian 6,570 2,985 3,590
Russian 3,180 1,495 1,675
Slovak 2,730 1,300 1,430
Ukrainian 9,630 4,725 4,905
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 60 0 40
Southern European origins 52,070 25,870 26,195
Albanian 1,260 595 665
Bosnian 825 485 345
Croatian 3,865 1,870 1,995
Cypriot 25 0 0
Greek 2,665 1,365 1,300
Italian 30,880 15,605 15,275
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 2,210 1,125 1,085
Maltese 1,225 610 615
Montenegrin 40 40 0
Portuguese 2,190 1,065 1,120
Serbian 3,750 1,945 1,805
Sicilian 105 45 65
Slovenian 955 520 435
Spanish 3,110 1,380 1,735
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,745 710 1,030
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,025 935 1,100
Basque 30 0 20
Jewish 1,385 655 730
Roma (Gypsy) 20 0 15
Slavic, n.o.s. 110 50 65
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 490 215 265
Caribbean origins 3,045 1,440 1,605
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 60 20 0
Barbadian 165 80 80
Bermudan 30 25 10
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 115 40 80
Dominican 50 15 35
Grenadian 15 0 0
Haitian 575 245 330
Jamaican 1,460 715 750
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 10 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 370 220 150
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 240 120 125
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 55 0 35
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,075 1,625 1,445
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 90 55 40
Argentinian 140 90 50
Belizean 125 60 65
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 140 100 40
Chilean 140 85 60
Colombian 275 140 135
Costa Rican 45 0 0
Ecuadorian 40 10 30
Guatemalan 220 155 65
Guyanese 160 55 105
Hispanic 15 0 15
Honduran 110 70 40
Maya 70 35 35
Mexican 600 280 320
Nicaraguan 130 85 50
Panamanian 45 0 0
Paraguayan 20 0 10
Peruvian 35 0 0
Salvadorean 745 390 355
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 65 35 30
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 160 85 80
African origins 8,390 3,955 4,440
Central and West African origins 1,110 550 560
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 30 20 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 50 0 30
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 165 50 115
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 275 145 130
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 85 55 30
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 410 195 210
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 105 50 55
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 85 55 0
North African origins 1,850 920 935
Algerian 55 30 25
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 60 40 25
Egyptian 655 315 340
Libyan 445 210 235
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 65 35 35
Sudanese 595 300 290
Tunisian 40 30 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,265 940 1,330
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Burundian 20 0 0
Eritrean 155 65 95
Ethiopian 530 200 335
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 15 0 0
Mauritian 40 0 30
Oromo 15 0 0
Rwandan 210 75 135
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 875 395 485
South African 210 105 100
Tanzanian 55 15 35
Tigrian 60 0 40
Ugandan 15 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 30 25 10
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 55 35 25
Other African origins 3,390 1,660 1,730
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,010 490 520
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,435 1,185 1,245
Asian origins 47,630 23,750 23,880
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 22,120 11,140 10,975
Afghan 165 30 140
Arab, n.o.s. 2,185 1,235 950
Armenian 845 370 475
Assyrian 380 205 185
Azerbaijani 20 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 755 445 320
Iraqi 4,645 2,280 2,365
Israeli 150 80 70
Jordanian 490 305 180
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 190 95 95
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 9,800 4,910 4,885
Palestinian 1,280 665 615
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 135 85 50
Syrian 1,190 515 680
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 1,105 635 475
Uighur 65 40 25
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 140 45 95
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 320 165 155
South Asian origins 10,255 5,215 5,035
Bangladeshi 265 145 115
Bengali 205 100 105
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 6,915 3,435 3,475
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 60 35 25
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 200 100 100
Pakistani 1,950 980 970
Punjabi 515 290 220
Sinhalese 70 30 45
Sri Lankan 300 170 130
Tamil 140 70 70
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 775 420 365
East and Southeast Asian origins 15,460 7,460 7,995
Burmese 35 20 15
Cambodian (Khmer) 570 315 255
Chinese 7,930 3,890 4,035
Filipino 4,055 1,785 2,270
Hmong 20 15 0
Indonesian 30 0 15
Japanese 275 145 130
Korean 515 260 255
Laotian 325 195 125
Malaysian 60 30 0
Mongolian 25 15 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 100 65 35
Thai 120 55 60
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,160 1,030 1,135
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 190 105 85
Other Asian origins 185 70 110
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 180 75 115
Oceania origins 265 155 105
Australian 190 125 65
New Zealander 35 0 30
Pacific Islands origins 40 25 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 25 20 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 315,460 154,570 160,890
Buddhist 2,580 1,320 1,255
Christian 230,570 109,385 121,185
Anglican 16,690 7,520 9,175
Baptist 5,750 2,710 3,040
Catholic 146,865 70,515 76,345
Christian Orthodox 10,980 5,570 5,415
Lutheran 2,970 1,340 1,630
Pentecostal 5,330 2,380 2,950
Presbyterian 5,385 2,435 2,945
United Church 12,125 5,580 6,540
Other Christian 24,475 11,335 13,145
Hindu 2,890 1,535 1,355
Jewish 1,200 565 635
Muslim 15,575 7,870 7,710
Sikh 1,900 1,010 890
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 90 35 65
Other religions 980 550 430
No religious affiliation 59,675 32,305 27,370
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 315,460 154,570 160,890
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 6,630 3,090 3,540
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,515 1,565 1,955
Métis single identity 2,670 1,265 1,405
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 35 15 15
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 185 105 80
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 210 135 80
Non-Aboriginal identity 308,825 151,480 157,350
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 315,455 154,570 160,885
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,830 920 910
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 313,630 153,645 159,975
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 315,460 154,570 160,890
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 12,430 5,970 6,460
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 9,830 4,705 5,125
Métis ancestry 2,705 1,310 1,395
Inuit ancestry 85 30 50
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 303,030 148,600 154,425
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 81,010 39,505 41,505
Aboriginal languages 150 70 80
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 110 65 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 0 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 80,980 39,505 41,480
Italian 12,090 6,000 6,085
Portuguese 1,100 540 560
Romanian 3,370 1,620 1,755
Spanish 4,285 2,170 2,115
Dutch 545 265 280
Flemish 60 30 35
German 3,205 1,595 1,615
Yiddish 40 15 25
Danish 70 25 45
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 30 0 25
Afrikaans 105 30 70
Gaelic languages 35 0 0
Bosnian 445 225 215
Bulgarian 165 75 90
Croatian 2,450 1,155 1,295
Czech 320 160 165
Macedonian 1,355 695 660
Polish 3,890 1,760 2,125
Russian 835 345 495
Serbian 3,515 1,750 1,760
Serbo-Croatian 250 110 135
Slovak 930 395 535
Slovenian 220 105 120
Ukrainian 750 300 450
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 110 30 85
Greek 1,335 715 625
Armenian 340 140 195
Albanian 1,315 615 695
Estonian 25 0 0
Finnish 120 60 60
Hungarian 1,510 745 760
Turkish 560 350 215
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 20 0 0
Somali 625 245 385
Amharic 230 105 125
Arabic 14,435 7,220 7,210
Hebrew 160 45 115
Maltese 260 165 95
Tigrigna 240 105 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,720 1,325 1,390
Bengali 540 300 235
Gujarati 760 430 330
Hindi 2,350 1,265 1,090
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 110 50 60
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,360 1,250 1,110
Sindhi 35 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 175 80 95
Urdu 2,640 1,335 1,310
Nepali 205 100 110
Kurdish 105 40 60
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 680 330 355
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35
Kannada 35 0 0
Malayalam 205 100 105
Tamil 460 205 255
Telugu 265 125 145
Japanese 210 130 80
Korean 480 255 225
Cantonese 1,620 815 810
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,535 735 795
Taiwanese 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,280 1,670 1,610
Lao 285 185 100
Thai 130 65 60
Khmer (Cambodian) 445 220 225
Vietnamese 1,930 880 1,050
Bisayan languages 60 20 40
Ilocano 50 25 30
Malay 110 50 65
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,730 1,125 1,600
Akan (Twi) 155 80 75
Lingala 65 35 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 25
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 105 35 70
Swahili 340 115 225
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 285 115 170
African languages, n.i.e. 130 70 60
Creoles 510 230 280
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,240 565 675
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 312,315 153,120 159,195
Non-movers 280,665 137,680 142,990
Movers 31,650 15,440 16,205
Non-migrants 21,500 10,300 11,195
Migrants 10,150 5,140 5,010
Internal migrants 7,965 4,010 3,955
Intraprovincial migrants 6,860 3,430 3,430
Interprovincial migrants 1,105 585 525
External migrants 2,185 1,130 1,055
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 298,185 145,840 152,345
Non-movers 204,165 100,585 103,575
Movers 94,020 45,250 48,770
Non-migrants 61,840 29,500 32,345
Migrants 32,180 15,750 16,430
Internal migrants 23,820 11,720 12,105
Intraprovincial migrants 21,465 10,625 10,840
Interprovincial migrants 2,355 1,095 1,260
External migrants 8,360 4,030 4,325
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 259,040 125,500 133,540
No certificate, diploma or degree 48,155 22,745 25,415
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 79,660 38,445 41,215
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 131,220 64,310 66,910
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 19,735 13,295 6,435
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 52,430 23,120 29,310
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 9,200 4,265 4,935
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 49,860 23,630 26,225
Bachelor's degree 29,520 13,260 16,265
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 20,340 10,375 9,965
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 170,965 83,145 87,820
No certificate, diploma or degree 17,790 8,635 9,155
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 50,240 24,725 25,520
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 102,930 49,785 53,150
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 13,850 9,160 4,695
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 42,510 18,765 23,745
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,500 3,050 3,450
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 40,075 18,810 21,260
Bachelor's degree 23,610 10,635 12,975
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 16,460 8,170 8,290
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 259,040 125,500 133,540
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 127,820 61,190 66,630
Education 10,530 2,760 7,770
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,835 1,315 1,520
Humanities 6,085 2,515 3,575
Social and behavioural sciences and law 14,275 4,730 9,545
Business, management and public administration 24,635 9,850 14,785
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,890 1,840 2,050
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 4,710 3,120 1,590
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 31,275 29,200 2,075
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,520 945 575
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 23,005 4,015 18,995
Personal, protective and transportation services 8,450 4,025 4,425
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 259,040 125,500 133,540
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 127,820 61,190 66,630
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 131,225 64,310 66,910
Location of study inside Canada 107,115 51,730 55,390
Same as province or territory of residence 103,860 50,075 53,780
Another province or territory 3,255 1,650 1,605
Location of study outside Canada 24,110 12,585 11,525
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 160,835 83,275 77,560
Single responses 159,765 82,915 76,855
English 157,410 82,080 75,335
French 1,435 385 1,050
Non-official languages 920 450 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 75 70
Cantonese 55 35 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 0 0
Spanish 65 55 0
Korean 35 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 590 250 340
Multiple responses 1,070 365 705
English and French 500 90 405
English and non-official language 540 270 270
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 30 0 30
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 160,835 83,280 77,560
English 157,410 82,075 75,335
French 1,440 385 1,050
Non-official language 920 450 470
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 920 450 470
English and French 500 90 410
English and non-official language 540 270 270
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 30 0 25
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 259,040 125,500 133,540
In the labour force 154,045 79,930 74,115
Employed 138,080 71,110 66,970
Unemployed 15,965 8,820 7,145
Not in the labour force 105,000 45,570 59,430
Participation rate 59.5 63.7 55.5
Employment rate 53.3 56.7 50.1
Unemployment rate 10.4 11.0 9.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 154,040 79,930 74,115
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 6,160 3,145 3,015
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 147,880 76,785 71,095
Employee 136,370 69,135 67,240
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 11,510 7,650 3,860
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 154,045 79,925 74,115
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,165 3,145 3,020
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 147,880 76,780 71,100
0 Management occupations 12,940 7,835 5,110
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 19,840 5,615 14,230
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 9,145 7,545 1,600
3 Health occupations 11,525 2,160 9,365
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 16,880 5,645 11,245
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,055 1,380 1,680
6 Sales and service occupations 37,395 15,795 21,605
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 21,030 19,725 1,305
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,250 1,585 665
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 13,805 9,505 4,300
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 154,040 79,930 74,115
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,160 3,145 3,015
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 147,885 76,785 71,100
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,825 990 830
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 325 290 35
22 Utilities 850 600 250
23 Construction 7,860 7,015 845
31-33 Manufacturing 27,820 20,995 6,825
41 Wholesale trade 4,125 2,855 1,265
44-45 Retail trade 16,615 7,025 9,590
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 6,040 4,205 1,830
51 Information and cultural industries 1,865 1,055 810
52 Finance and insurance 4,860 1,825 3,030
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,240 1,360 880
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,895 3,875 3,025
55 Management of companies and enterprises 150 100 50
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 6,305 3,720 2,590
61 Educational services 12,880 4,280 8,605
62 Health care and social assistance 18,105 2,935 15,170
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 5,880 3,015 2,865
72 Accommodation and food services 10,220 4,255 5,965
81 Other services (except public administration) 6,335 2,975 3,360
91 Public administration 6,685 3,415 3,275
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 154,045 79,930 74,110
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,135 5,730 5,400
Worked in 2010 142,910 74,195 68,710
1 to 13 weeks 6,835 3,605 3,230
14 to 26 weeks 10,815 5,465 5,345
27 to 39 weeks 8,715 4,430 4,290
40 to 48 weeks 21,810 11,125 10,685
49 to 52 weeks 94,730 49,570 45,165
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.0 45.0 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 154,045 79,925 74,115
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,135 5,735 5,405
Worked in 2010 142,910 74,200 68,715
Worked full-time in 2010 108,700 61,700 47,000
Worked part-time in 2010 34,215 12,500 21,710
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 138,075 71,110 66,970
Worked at home 5,810 2,945 2,865
Worked outside Canada 5,830 3,530 2,295
No fixed workplace address 11,960 8,200 3,760
Worked at usual place 114,480 56,430 58,050
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 126,440 64,635 61,805
Car, truck or van - as a driver 108,545 56,495 52,055
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 6,905 2,880 4,020
Public transit 3,815 1,500 2,315
Walked 4,735 2,225 2,510
Bicycle 1,340 1,050 290
Other methods 1,090 475 615
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 126,440 64,630 61,810
Median commuting duration 15.8 15.8 15.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 126,435 64,635 61,805
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 31,135 20,395 10,735
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 62,980 28,560 34,425
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 32,325 15,675 16,645
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 126,870 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 118,665 ... ...
Major repairs needed 8,210 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 126,875 ... ...
1960 or before 46,545 ... ...
1961 to 1980 34,815 ... ...
1981 to 1990 11,945 ... ...
1991 to 2000 19,015 ... ...
2001 to 2005 10,705 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,850 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 126,870 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 24,445 ... ...
5 rooms 17,505 ... ...
6 rooms 21,040 ... ...
7 rooms 19,355 ... ...
8 or more rooms 44,530 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 126,875 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 15,225 ... ...
2 bedrooms 27,820 ... ...
3 bedrooms 55,555 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 28,270 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 126,870 ... ...
Owner 92,700 ... ...
Renter 34,175 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 126,875 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 9,080 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 117,795 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 126,870 ... ...
1 household maintainer 78,785 ... ...
2 household maintainers 46,495 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,595 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 126,875 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,945 ... ...
25 to 34 years 15,305 ... ...
35 to 44 years 23,885 ... ...
45 to 54 years 29,145 ... ...
55 to 64 years 24,275 ... ...
65 to 74 years 16,005 ... ...
75 years and over 14,315 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 126,875 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 125,230 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,645 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 126,870 ... ...
Suitable 120,380 ... ...
Not suitable 6,490 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 126,240 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 96,035 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 30,200 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 24,335 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 92,280 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 893 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,008 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 174,359 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 199,090 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 34,175 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 20.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 43.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 701 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 707 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 259,045 125,500 133,540
Without income 16,060 6,605 9,450
With income 242,980 118,890 124,085
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 28,635 14,610 14,025
$5,000 to $9,999 18,375 6,905 11,470
$10,000 to $14,999 22,140 8,340 13,790
$15,000 to $19,999 22,020 7,440 14,580
$20,000 to $29,999 33,090 13,595 19,495
$30,000 to $39,999 28,500 12,965 15,530
$40,000 to $49,999 24,660 13,270 11,385
$50,000 to $59,999 17,295 9,565 7,730
$60,000 to $79,999 24,230 15,435 8,800
$80,000 to $99,999 13,900 8,700 5,205
$100,000 and over 10,140 8,065 2,080
$100,000 to $124,999 5,255 4,030 1,225
$125,000 and over 4,885 4,030 855
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,924 36,664 23,705
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,971 45,172 31,071
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 259,040 125,500 133,540
Without after-tax income 16,115 6,605 9,510
With after-tax income 242,925 118,895 124,035
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 29,150 14,780 14,370
$5,000 to $9,999 18,655 6,855 11,800
$10,000 to $14,999 22,815 8,565 14,250
$15,000 to $19,999 23,275 8,155 15,120
$20,000 to $29,999 38,230 15,910 22,320
$30,000 to $39,999 34,365 16,790 17,575
$40,000 to $49,999 26,210 14,535 11,675
$50,000 to $59,999 17,800 10,840 6,955
$60,000 to $79,999 21,895 14,220 7,675
$80,000 to $99,999 5,950 4,470 1,480
$100,000 and over 4,570 3,755 815
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,878 33,336 22,441
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,639 38,142 27,363
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.1 88.0 78.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 68.4 71.2 64.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 65.3 67.3 62.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.1 3.9 1.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.2 3.2 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.4 11.5 8.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.1 2.1 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.9 12.0 21.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.1 3.6 4.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.4 2.4 4.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.4 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.1 4.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.9 4.4 5.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.1 15.6 12.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.9 84.4 88.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.2 1.0 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 77,760 43,760 34,005
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,725 57,163 42,200
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 56,548 63,581 47,496
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 88,460 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,175 ... ...
Average family income ($) 87,309 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,074 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 74,842 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 30,070 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,341 ... ...
Average family income ($) 80,367 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,907 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,597 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 40,390 ... ...
Median family income ($) 97,596 ... ...
Average family income ($) 107,874 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 85,204 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 91,778 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 15,470 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,501 ... ...
Average family income ($) 48,898 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,098 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 43,954 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 43,640 20,985 22,655
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,231 30,132 25,721
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,438 36,748 32,298
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,769 27,871 24,588
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,981 31,344 28,719
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 315,460 154,570 160,890
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 161,425 75,545 85,880
In bottom decile 38,065 18,375 19,690
In second decile 32,565 14,075 18,495
In third decile 29,450 12,980 16,465
In fourth decile 29,325 14,255 15,065
In fifth decile 32,025 15,855 16,165
In top half of the Canadian distribution 154,035 79,020 75,015
In sixth decile 30,425 15,475 14,955
In seventh decile 30,695 15,400 15,295
In eighth decile 33,965 17,370 16,590
In ninth decile 32,640 16,980 15,665
In top decile 26,310 13,795 12,515
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 126,870 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,420 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,775 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,765 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 12,425 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 12,090 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 11,935 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 16,895 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 14,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,080 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,585 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 126,870 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,460 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,600 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,815 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,985 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 13,840 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 14,235 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 13,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,545 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 19,180 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 13,585 ... ...
$100,000 and over 21,090 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,395 ... ...
$125,000 and over 10,695 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 126,870 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 57,942 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 72,720 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,242 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,495 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 35,490 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,246 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,229 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,796 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,304 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 91,380 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 73,485 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 86,504 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 65,605 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 74,220 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 315,460 154,570 160,890
Less than 18 years 69,820 35,870 33,950
Less than 6 years 20,975 10,700 10,275
18 to 64 years 200,615 98,400 102,215
65 years and over 45,025 20,300 24,720
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 57,850 26,845 31,010
Less than 18 years 16,920 8,715 8,210
Less than 6 years 5,470 2,855 2,615
18 to 64 years 36,735 16,885 19,850
65 years and over 4,190 1,245 2,950
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 18.3 17.4 19.3
Less than 18 years (%) 24.2 24.3 24.2
Less than 6 years (%) 26.1 26.7 25.5
18 to 64 years (%) 18.3 17.2 19.4
65 years and over (%) 9.3 6.1 11.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Windsor, CMA, Ontario (Code 559) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 17, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Windsor, CMA, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Windsor, CMA, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor, CMA
Ontario
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 319,246 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 323,342 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) -1.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 137,098 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 126,843 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 312.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,022.31 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 319,245 155,990 163,260
0 to 4 years 17,330 8,870 8,455
5 to 9 years 18,835 9,720 9,115
10 to 14 years 20,110 10,365 9,745
15 to 19 years 22,115 11,315 10,795
15 years 4,450 2,285 2,170
16 years 4,560 2,360 2,205
17 years 4,325 2,165 2,160
18 years 4,420 2,270 2,155
19 years 4,355 2,240 2,115
20 to 24 years 21,130 10,785 10,340
25 to 29 years 17,970 8,595 9,380
30 to 34 years 18,410 8,735 9,675
35 to 39 years 20,910 9,975 10,940
40 to 44 years 23,110 11,300 11,805
45 to 49 years 25,705 12,705 13,000
50 to 54 years 24,920 12,440 12,480
55 to 59 years 21,550 10,565 10,990
60 to 64 years 19,560 9,480 10,080
65 to 69 years 14,370 7,025 7,345
70 to 74 years 11,155 5,190 5,965
75 to 79 years 8,875 4,005 4,870
80 to 84 years 6,900 2,875 4,030
85 years and over 6,290 2,030 4,255
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.6 39.8 41.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.4 81.4 83.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 262,965 127,025 135,945
Married or living with a common-law partner 147,105 73,500 73,605
Married (and not separated) 130,400 65,130 65,270
Living common law 16,705 8,375 8,335
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 115,860 53,525 62,340
Single (never legally married) 74,115 39,750 34,365
Separated 8,210 3,425 4,785
Divorced 17,300 7,110 10,185
Widowed 16,240 3,235 13,010
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 89,550 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 42,380 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 19,545 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 18,730 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 8,895 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 89,545 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 72,230 ... ...
Married couples 63,885 ... ...
Without children at home 27,390 ... ...
With children at home 36,500 ... ...
1 child 12,745 ... ...
2 children 15,960 ... ...
3 or more children 7,790 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,345 ... ...
Without children at home 4,870 ... ...
With children at home 3,475 ... ...
1 child 1,710 ... ...
2 children 1,190 ... ...
3 or more children 575 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 17,315 ... ...
Female parent 13,980 ... ...
1 child 7,875 ... ...
2 children 4,255 ... ...
3 or more children 1,850 ... ...
Male parent 3,340 ... ...
1 child 2,245 ... ...
2 children 830 ... ...
3 or more children 260 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 104,085 ... ...
Under six years of age 20,925 ... ...
6 to 14 years 35,040 ... ...
15 to 17 years 12,940 ... ...
18 to 24 years 22,300 ... ...
25 years and over 12,875 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 315,410 154,460 160,945
Number of persons not in census families 49,545 23,560 25,985
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 6,065 2,420 3,645
Living with non-relatives only 8,005 4,590 3,415
Living alone 35,475 16,550 18,925
Number of census family persons 265,865 130,900 134,960
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 45,020 20,365 24,660
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 15,240 4,295 10,945
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,150 470 1,685
Living with non-relatives only 620 270 345
Living alone 12,475 3,555 8,920
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 29,785 16,070 13,715
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 126,840 ... ...
Census-family households 87,445 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 80,850 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 66,535 ... ...
Without children 29,725 ... ...
With children 36,810 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 14,315 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 6,590 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 4,540 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,845 ... ...
Without children 1,025 ... ...
With children 1,825 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,690 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 2,050 ... ...
Non-census-family households 39,405 ... ...
One-person households 35,475 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,930 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 126,845 ... ...
Single-detached house 88,590 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 12,370 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 250 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 25,635 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,315 ... ...
Row house 6,605 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,510 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,020 ... ...
Other single-attached house 185 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 126,845 ... ...
1 person 35,475 ... ...
2 persons 41,140 ... ...
3 persons 19,915 ... ...
4 persons 19,090 ... ...
5 persons 7,535 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,685 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 315,410 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 316,520 154,915 161,600
  Single responses  309,545 151,570 157,975
    English  230,845 113,560 117,280
    French  10,560 4,910 5,650
    Non-official languages  68,140 33,100 35,035
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  10 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 67,770 32,930 34,845
        African languages, n.i.e 195 100 100
        Afrikaans  35 20 15
        Akan (Twi)  55 25 30
        Albanian  1,075 530 540
        Amharic  125 60 60
        Arabic  10,515 5,355 5,160
        Armenian  230 100 125
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 25 25
        Bengali  625 310 315
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  65 20 40
        Bosnian  330 165 165
        Bulgarian  100 45 50
        Burmese  15 10 5
        Cantonese  1,200 570 635
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,325 1,625 1,695
        Creoles  175 70 95
        Croatian  1,790 860 925
        Czech  180 75 110
        Danish  65 35 30
        Dutch  470 250 225
        Estonian  15 5 5
        Finnish  135 60 75
        Flemish  55 15 40
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  2,185 1,015 1,170
        Greek  1,060 530 530
        Gujarati  600 310 290
        Hakka  10 5 5
        Hebrew  30 20 10
        Hindi  585 305 275
        Hungarian  1,335 645 695
        Ilocano  65 25 40
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 50 25 30
        Italian  9,715 4,785 4,930
        Japanese  65 20 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  415 200 220
        Korean  390 200 195
        Kurdish  130 75 55
        Lao  155 80 70
        Latvian  15 5 10
        Lingala  20 10 10
        Lithuanian  75 30 45
        Macedonian  1,175 575 605
        Malay  45 25 20
        Malayalam  145 65 80
        Maltese  225 120 105
        Mandarin  1,085 525 560
        Marathi  80 45 35
        Nepali  95 50 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 180 80 95
        Norwegian  0 0 5
        Oromo  50 25 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  2,070 1,075 990
        Pashto  30 15 20
        Persian (Farsi)  595 295 300
        Polish  3,255 1,510 1,745
        Portuguese  715 340 380
        Romanian  2,360 1,125 1,235
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 15 25
        Russian  525 220 310
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  95 40 55
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 2,075 1,000 1,075
        Serbian  2,990 1,490 1,495
        Serbo-Croatian  210 105 110
        Shanghainese  15 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 15
        Sindhi  20 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  120 65 55
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 155 85 75
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 140 75 70
        Slovak  760 355 405
        Slovenian  190 75 110
        Somali  570 255 325
        Spanish  2,855 1,325 1,530
        Swahili  140 60 80
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,620 630 990
        Taiwanese  20 10 15
        Tamil  260 130 125
        Telugu  115 60 60
        Thai  35 10 30
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  120 50 70
        Turkish  400 220 175
        Ukrainian  640 255 385
        Urdu  1,900 975 930
        Vietnamese  1,835 880 950
        Yiddish  30 15 15
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 350 170 185
  Multiple responses          6,970 3,345 3,625
    English and French  1,535 725 815
    English and non-official language  4,820 2,345 2,475
    French and non-official language  380 170 205
    English, French and non-official language 235 105 130
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 316,515 154,920 161,600
  English only 279,865 138,805 141,060
  French only 410 175 235
  English and French 31,645 14,275 17,375
  Neither English nor French 4,595 1,660 2,935
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 316,515 154,920 161,600
  English 299,960 147,680 152,285
  French 9,815 4,565 5,250
  English and French 2,235 1,060 1,180
  Neither English nor French 4,500 1,615 2,885
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 10,935 5,095 5,845
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.5 3.3 3.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 316,515 154,920 161,600
  Single responses 304,405 148,965 155,440
    English 266,230 130,870 135,360
    French 2,960 1,345 1,610
    Non-official languages 35,215 16,745 18,470
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 5 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 35,080 16,685 18,395
        African languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50
        Afrikaans 5 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 20 10 10
        Albanian 570 280 290
        Amharic 70 35 35
        Arabic 6,415 3,100 3,315
        Armenian 110 40 65
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
        Bengali 425 205 225
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 10 5 5
        Bosnian 175 85 95
        Bulgarian 50 30 30
        Burmese 10 5 5
        Cantonese 895 440 455
        Chinese, n.o.s. 2,365 1,160 1,205
        Creoles 95 40 55
        Croatian 685 310 370
        Czech 50 20 30
        Danish 5 5 5
        Dutch 20 5 10
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 35 15 20
        Flemish 10 0 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 335 135 195
        Greek 440 210 235
        Gujarati 375 185 185
        Hakka 0 0 5
        Hebrew 5 0 5
        Hindi 320 155 165
        Hungarian 455 215 240
        Ilocano 10 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Italian 3,395 1,490 1,905
        Japanese 25 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 260 125 135
        Korean 275 140 140
        Kurdish 95 50 45
        Lao 95 50 40
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 5 5 5
        Lithuanian 10 5 10
        Macedonian 545 260 280
        Malay 20 5 10
        Malayalam 80 35 45
        Maltese 40 20 20
        Mandarin 890 445 445
        Marathi 35 20 15
        Nepali 85 45 40
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 35 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,435 725 710
        Pashto 20 5 15
        Persian (Farsi) 370 175 195
        Polish 1,590 750 845
        Portuguese 200 90 105
        Romanian 1,370 650 715
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10
        Russian 310 140 170
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 20 5 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 680 755
        Serbian 1,685 815 875
        Serbo-Croatian 120 60 60
        Shanghainese 15 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30
        Sindhi 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Slovak 195 90 105
        Slovenian 45 15 25
        Somali 390 165 225
        Spanish 1,520 745 780
        Swahili 100 40 60
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 705 305 405
        Taiwanese 10 0 5
        Tamil 140 65 70
        Telugu 45 20 25
        Thai 15 0 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 80 35 45
        Turkish 205 105 100
        Ukrainian 125 45 75
        Urdu 1,205 605 600
        Vietnamese 1,380 645 735
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 130 55 70
  Multiple responses         12,110 5,955 6,160
    English and French 755 335 420
    English and non-official language 10,900 5,405 5,500
    French and non-official language 125 70 55
    English, French and non-official language 335 150 190
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 316,515 154,920 161,600
  None 270,440 132,625 137,815
  Single responses  44,985 21,765 23,225
    English  16,205 7,960 8,245
    French  6,475 2,870 3,605
    Non-official languages  22,310 10,935 11,375
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  10 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 22,060 10,820 11,240
        African languages, n.i.e 60 25 40
        Afrikaans  25 15 10
        Akan (Twi)  50 25 20
        Albanian  325 165 165
        Amharic  45 20 20
        Arabic  3,925 2,060 1,865
        Armenian  75 40 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Bengali  120 60 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  25 10 10
        Bosnian  100 50 50
        Bulgarian  40 15 20
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  325 150 170
        Chinese, n.o.s.  645 320 320
        Creoles  90 35 55
        Croatian  690 325 365
        Czech  50 30 25
        Danish  25 15 10
        Dutch  120 55 65
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  40 15 25
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  745 335 410
        Greek  475 245 230
        Gujarati  115 60 55
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  20 10 5
        Hindi  345 190 155
        Hungarian  420 185 240
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Italian  3,775 1,895 1,875
        Japanese  45 15 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  105 55 50
        Korean  65 30 35
        Kurdish  20 10 10
        Lao  40 20 20
        Latvian  10 0 10
        Lingala  25 10 15
        Lithuanian  30 10 20
        Macedonian  440 225 215
        Malay  20 10 5
        Malayalam  50 25 30
        Maltese  75 35 35
        Mandarin  175 75 105
        Marathi  25 15 15
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 145 75 80
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  405 210 195
        Pashto  5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  130 65 60
        Polish  945 440 510
        Portuguese  355 175 185
        Romanian  625 305 325
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  160 70 95
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  45 25 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 425 215 210
        Serbian  930 460 470
        Serbo-Croatian  60 30 30
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 50 20 30
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  50 30 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 20 10
        Slovak  235 105 125
        Slovenian  60 20 40
        Somali  145 75 70
        Spanish  1,240 575 670
        Swahili  70 35 35
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  625 230 395
        Taiwanese  10 0 5
        Tamil  95 55 40
        Telugu  50 25 20
        Thai  20 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  40 20 20
        Turkish  150 90 60
        Ukrainian  205 85 120
        Urdu  465 240 225
        Vietnamese  350 165 185
        Yiddish  5 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 235 110 125
  Multiple responses          1,090 530 560
    English and French  205 100 105
    English and non-official language  260 130 130
    French and non-official language  615 295 320
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Windsor, CMA, Ontario (Code 559) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 17, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Windsor (Census metropolitan area), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Windsor, CMA, Ontario (Census metropolitan area)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Windsor (Census metropolitan area), Ontario

2011 NHS