Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

NHS Profile, Calgary, CMA, Alberta, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Calgary, CMA, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary, CMA
Alberta
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,199,125 600,015 599,110
Canadian citizens 1,086,625 545,870 540,755
Canadian citizens aged under 18 248,070 126,715 121,360
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 838,555 419,160 419,395
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 112,500 54,140 58,360
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,199,125 600,015 599,115
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 861,930 434,980 426,950
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 313,880 153,425 160,455
Before 1971 34,835 17,300 17,535
1971 to 1980 37,915 19,420 18,490
1981 to 1990 42,800 20,540 22,255
1991 to 2000 65,825 31,390 34,435
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 132,510 64,770 67,740
2001 to 2005 61,805 30,865 30,940
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 70,705 33,910 36,795
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 23,315 11,605 11,705
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 313,880 153,430 160,455
Under 5 years 30,485 15,525 14,960
5 to 14 years 55,115 28,495 26,625
15 to 24 years 66,615 31,245 35,370
25 to 44 years 133,300 64,975 68,325
45 years and over 28,365 13,190 15,180
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,199,125 600,015 599,110
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 861,930 434,980 426,945
Born in province of residence 527,125 264,755 262,370
Born outside province of residence 334,810 170,230 164,575
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 313,880 153,425 160,455
Americas 37,260 18,095 19,170
United States 12,375 5,575 6,800
Jamaica 2,165 1,030 1,140
Guyana 975 470 500
Haiti 400 185 210
Mexico 2,560 1,320 1,240
Trinidad and Tobago 1,285 555 730
Colombia 4,255 2,180 2,075
El Salvador 2,135 1,055 1,080
Peru 850 365 490
Chile 2,100 1,215 880
Other places of birth in Americas 8,165 4,155 4,005
Europe 75,290 37,740 37,555
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 25,125 13,040 12,090
Italy 3,655 1,885 1,770
Germany 6,690 3,170 3,520
Poland 6,575 3,020 3,555
Portugal 970 450 520
Netherlands 3,770 1,870 1,895
France 1,275 605 670
Romania 3,850 2,050 1,795
Russian Federation 3,445 1,550 1,895
Greece 800 410 390
Ukraine 2,430 1,060 1,370
Croatia 1,225 675 550
Hungary 2,055 1,120 930
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,960 975 985
Serbia 1,030 480 550
Ireland, Republic of 1,135 570 570
Other places of birth in Europe 9,305 4,805 4,495
Africa 26,915 14,205 12,705
Morocco 350 190 165
Algeria 465 245 225
Egypt 1,690 945 750
South Africa, Republic of 2,460 1,230 1,225
Nigeria 3,565 1,850 1,715
Ethiopia 3,540 1,860 1,680
Kenya 2,165 1,130 1,040
Other places of birth in Africa 12,680 6,765 5,920
Asia 170,555 81,455 89,105
India 31,375 15,650 15,725
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 29,720 13,770 15,950
Philippines 34,360 14,595 19,765
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10,010 4,840 5,170
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 14,730 7,060 7,670
Pakistan 11,575 6,135 5,435
Sri Lanka 1,605 805 805
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 3,485 1,960 1,520
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 5,565 2,655 2,910
Lebanon 3,720 2,125 1,595
Taiwan 1,810 820 990
Iraq 2,380 1,350 1,025
Bangladesh 2,265 1,195 1,070
Afghanistan 2,390 1,215 1,175
Japan 1,470 505 965
Turkey 665 355 310
Other places of birth in Asia 13,435 6,410 7,020
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 3,855 1,935 1,920
Fiji 1,760 860 900
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 2,095 1,070 1,025
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 23,315 11,605 11,710
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 70,705 33,910 36,795
Americas 9,825 4,850 4,980
United States 2,560 1,220 1,345
Mexico 1,395 720 675
Cuba 185 105 80
Haiti 265 125 135
Jamaica 200 95 105
Brazil 565 265 310
Colombia 1,770 920 850
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 350 130 220
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,370 695 675
Other places of birth in Americas 1,160 575 585
Europe 9,320 4,765 4,550
France 340 160 180
Germany 475 250 225
Poland 545 235 310
Romania 950 475 470
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 295 180 115
Russian Federation 890 430 455
Ukraine 710 300 410
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,480 1,890 1,595
Other places of birth in Europe 1,635 845 790
Africa 7,685 3,985 3,705
Nigeria 2,125 1,070 1,060
Ethiopia 1,295 660 640
Mauritius 105 70 35
Somalia 170 110 55
Algeria 170 85 80
Egypt 440 235 205
Morocco 95 30 60
Tunisia 95 70 30
Cameroon 350 170 185
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 130 85 45
South Africa, Republic of 370 165 205
Other places of birth in Africa 2,335 1,230 1,105
Asia 43,140 19,965 23,175
Philippines 13,160 5,825 7,340
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 6,020 2,640 3,375
India 8,600 4,295 4,300
Pakistan 3,605 1,715 1,890
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,165 675 485
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,755 765 995
Sri Lanka 565 255 310
Iraq 580 280 300
Bangladesh 750 360 390
Lebanon 550 335 210
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,010 350 660
Taiwan 235 85 155
Afghanistan 410 205 205
Japan 540 195 350
Turkey 95 60 40
Israel 135 75 60
Nepal 435 215 215
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 455 130 325
United Arab Emirates 215 115 95
Saudi Arabia 320 190 135
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 95 30 65
Other places of birth in Asia 2,440 1,155 1,285
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 730 345 385
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,199,125 600,010 599,115
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 341,940 167,425 174,515
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 257,965 129,910 128,065
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 599,220 302,685 296,535
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,199,125 600,010 599,110
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 337,425 167,210 170,210
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 84,870 43,815 41,055
Chinese 75,470 36,515 38,955
Black 32,985 17,330 15,655
Filipino 49,515 21,990 27,525
Latin American 20,595 10,785 9,810
Arab 17,245 8,860 8,385
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 21,730 10,695 11,040
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 8,520 4,600 3,925
Korean 8,520 4,170 4,345
Japanese 5,355 2,320 3,040
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,940 1,410 1,525
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 9,680 4,730 4,950
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 861,705 432,800 428,900
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,199,125 600,015 599,115
North American Aboriginal origins 46,325 22,510 23,810
First Nations (North American Indian) 28,390 13,590 14,795
Inuit 500 250 255
Métis 18,990 9,415 9,575
Other North American origins 255,925 128,940 126,980
Acadian 1,840 1,005 835
American 22,560 10,745 11,810
Canadian 239,365 121,040 118,325
New Brunswicker 10 15 0
Newfoundlander 435 265 165
Nova Scotian 35 0 30
Ontarian 25 25 0
Québécois 305 175 120
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 170 100 75
European origins 773,680 385,990 387,690
British Isles origins 498,855 248,150 250,705
Channel Islander 45 35 15
Cornish 80 45 40
English 289,275 143,380 145,895
Irish 183,985 88,890 95,095
Manx 215 105 110
Scottish 221,765 109,150 112,615
Welsh 24,805 12,110 12,695
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 31,105 15,065 16,040
French origins 111,940 54,675 57,265
Alsatian 60 30 30
Breton 30 15 20
French 111,895 54,650 57,245
Western European origins (except French origins) 241,470 119,545 121,920
Austrian 12,225 6,200 6,025
Belgian 5,420 2,740 2,680
Dutch 50,080 25,230 24,855
Flemish 790 430 365
Frisian 200 110 85
German 185,995 91,390 94,595
Luxembourger 255 105 160
Swiss 6,895 3,365 3,530
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 110 50 65
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 87,455 41,050 46,405
Danish 17,130 8,355 8,775
Finnish 5,390 2,425 2,960
Icelandic 5,840 2,695 3,145
Norwegian 37,455 17,645 19,815
Swedish 26,075 11,830 14,245
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 3,605 1,730 1,870
Eastern European origins 183,545 89,835 93,710
Bulgarian 1,100 580 525
Byelorussian 985 480 500
Czech 6,755 3,410 3,345
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 2,405 935 1,470
Estonian 985 465 525
Hungarian 19,990 9,900 10,090
Latvian 1,020 505 510
Lithuanian 2,035 1,035 1,005
Moldovan 450 290 160
Polish 50,905 24,495 26,410
Romanian 10,645 5,025 5,620
Russian 34,240 16,735 17,505
Slovak 3,940 1,970 1,970
Ukrainian 81,660 40,040 41,615
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 525 225 300
Southern European origins 77,500 38,695 38,805
Albanian 990 535 455
Bosnian 1,625 860 760
Croatian 4,385 2,295 2,090
Cypriot 65 35 30
Greek 5,620 2,820 2,795
Italian 36,880 18,495 18,385
Kosovar 80 50 30
Macedonian 480 280 200
Maltese 450 200 250
Montenegrin 40 30 0
Portuguese 6,710 3,160 3,555
Serbian 2,785 1,475 1,315
Sicilian 115 40 75
Slovenian 1,305 715 595
Spanish 18,225 9,100 9,130
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,955 910 1,045
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 45 30 20
Other European origins 10,865 5,385 5,485
Basque 190 100 90
Jewish 7,560 3,620 3,935
Roma (Gypsy) 165 100 70
Slavic, n.o.s. 315 150 170
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 2,700 1,445 1,250
Caribbean origins 11,365 5,560 5,805
Antiguan 125 75 50
Bahamian 145 65 75
Barbadian 855 420 435
Bermudan 105 65 45
Carib 110 40 70
Cuban 780 415 365
Dominican 230 155 75
Grenadian 165 75 90
Haitian 790 370 420
Jamaican 5,050 2,485 2,565
Kittitian/Nevisian 25 0 20
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 25 0 0
Puerto Rican 135 60 75
St. Lucian 90 20 65
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,630 865 765
Vincentian/Grenadinian 220 115 105
West Indian, n.o.s. 945 400 545
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 720 295 425
Latin, Central and South American origins 25,010 12,630 12,380
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 635 330 310
Argentinian 700 335 365
Belizean 55 35 25
Bolivian 235 110 125
Brazilian 845 460 385
Chilean 2,815 1,475 1,335
Colombian 5,065 2,495 2,570
Costa Rican 320 135 180
Ecuadorian 430 160 275
Guatemalan 815 410 400
Guyanese 1,080 545 535
Hispanic 580 345 235
Honduran 250 130 120
Maya 175 85 95
Mexican 4,865 2,530 2,345
Nicaraguan 565 285 275
Panamanian 120 30 90
Paraguayan 25 0 20
Peruvian 865 425 435
Salvadorean 2,620 1,285 1,335
Uruguayan 105 70 35
Venezuelan 2,145 1,145 1,010
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 870 495 380
African origins 35,000 18,540 16,460
Central and West African origins 7,945 4,365 3,580
Akan 90 65 25
Angolan 200 110 90
Ashanti 25 0 0
Beninese 65 35 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 390 190 200
Chadian 135 70 70
Congolese 835 440 390
Gabonese 30 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 1,425 825 595
Guinean 50 0 30
Ibo 430 215 215
Ivorian 40 35 0
Liberian 30 20 0
Malian 35 30 0
Nigerian 3,315 1,860 1,460
Peulh 15 0 0
Senegalese 135 95 40
Sierra Leonean 80 30 50
Togolese 25 0 0
Yoruba 670 375 300
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 505 245 255
North African origins 7,830 4,130 3,695
Algerian 590 275 315
Berber 115 60 60
Coptic 60 30 35
Dinka 150 90 55
Egyptian 2,620 1,365 1,255
Libyan 410 215 195
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 505 240 270
Sudanese 3,245 1,765 1,485
Tunisian 300 195 105
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 20 10
Southern and East African origins 12,825 6,820 6,010
Afrikaner 80 50 30
Amhara 145 65 80
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 15 0
Burundian 45 25 25
Eritrean 1,650 840 810
Ethiopian 4,130 2,180 1,955
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 600 310 285
Malagasy 55 35 20
Mauritian 140 85 55
Oromo 165 105 65
Rwandan 195 110 85
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 1,490 835 660
South African 2,360 1,285 1,075
Tanzanian 435 210 230
Tigrian 70 35 30
Ugandan 355 195 165
Zambian 60 40 20
Zimbabwean 465 280 185
Zulu 35 15 15
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,110 555 555
Other African origins 7,440 3,790 3,645
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 630 305 325
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 6,830 3,500 3,335
Asian origins 287,000 140,585 146,415
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 33,665 17,865 15,800
Afghan 3,845 2,080 1,765
Arab, n.o.s. 3,515 1,730 1,785
Armenian 760 415 350
Assyrian 210 110 100
Azerbaijani 215 130 85
Georgian 170 90 80
Iranian 5,385 2,925 2,460
Iraqi 2,575 1,345 1,225
Israeli 345 190 155
Jordanian 215 115 95
Kazakh 225 110 115
Kurd 720 445 270
Kuwaiti 30 20 0
Lebanese 11,580 6,015 5,565
Palestinian 775 430 340
Pashtun 240 125 110
Saudi Arabian 245 150 100
Syrian 1,330 640 690
Tajik 85 40 40
Tatar 305 105 205
Turk 2,010 1,190 820
Uighur 115 50 70
Uzbek 85 45 40
Yemeni 290 195 95
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,030 535 490
South Asian origins 85,910 44,180 41,730
Bangladeshi 1,785 900 890
Bengali 610 335 275
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 66,640 34,105 32,535
Goan 320 150 165
Gujarati 130 65 60
Kashmiri 345 180 160
Nepali 975 530 445
Pakistani 10,540 5,520 5,020
Punjabi 4,670 2,415 2,260
Sinhalese 415 225 195
Sri Lankan 1,805 880 925
Tamil 310 140 170
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,270 705 560
East and Southeast Asian origins 169,615 79,860 89,750
Burmese 410 200 210
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,765 870 895
Chinese 86,205 41,715 44,490
Filipino 52,645 23,395 29,250
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 1,710 790 920
Japanese 6,610 2,860 3,745
Korean 8,890 4,335 4,560
Laotian 695 355 340
Malaysian 850 410 445
Mongolian 480 240 240
Singaporean 95 55 45
Taiwanese 705 330 380
Thai 785 290 495
Tibetan 355 185 175
Vietnamese 18,430 8,925 9,505
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 375 185 190
Other Asian origins 690 370 320
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 690 370 320
Oceania origins 5,635 2,905 2,730
Australian 2,990 1,585 1,400
New Zealander 1,120 585 530
Pacific Islands origins 1,660 780 875
Fijian 1,085 535 550
Hawaiian 185 80 100
Maori 255 105 150
Polynesian, n.o.s. 55 20 30
Samoan 25 20 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 85 30 60
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,199,125 600,015 599,110
Buddhist 23,260 10,695 12,565
Christian 667,110 315,565 351,550
Anglican 47,400 21,610 25,790
Baptist 19,955 9,290 10,665
Catholic 290,155 139,605 150,550
Christian Orthodox 18,280 9,150 9,130
Lutheran 27,430 12,695 14,740
Pentecostal 15,860 7,520 8,340
Presbyterian 14,625 6,480 8,145
United Church 76,850 34,420 42,430
Other Christian 156,550 74,790 81,765
Hindu 17,835 9,260 8,570
Jewish 6,170 3,020 3,150
Muslim 58,310 30,020 28,295
Sikh 30,420 15,595 14,820
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,195 580 615
Other religions 6,465 2,910 3,555
No religious affiliation 388,365 212,370 175,995
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,199,125 600,015 599,110
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 33,370 16,360 17,015
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 14,630 6,985 7,650
Métis single identity 17,040 8,605 8,435
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 240 120 125
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 195 105 95
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,260 555 715
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,165,750 583,650 582,100
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,199,125 600,015 599,115
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 12,565 5,795 6,765
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,186,565 594,215 592,350
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,199,125 600,015 599,115
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 46,325 22,510 23,815
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 28,390 13,590 14,800
Métis ancestry 18,995 9,415 9,575
Inuit ancestry 500 250 260
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,152,800 577,505 575,300
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 372,440 181,410 191,030
Aboriginal languages 1,335 505 830
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 535 245 290
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 445 130 315
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 55 20 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 60 25 35
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 260 100 160
Non-Aboriginal languages 371,180 180,925 190,255
Italian 9,350 4,665 4,690
Portuguese 3,915 1,950 1,965
Romanian 4,490 2,330 2,155
Spanish 40,760 20,140 20,620
Dutch 5,360 2,605 2,750
Flemish 90 40 45
German 20,090 9,775 10,315
Yiddish 150 85 70
Danish 1,260 600 655
Norwegian 605 345 260
Swedish 595 300 295
Afrikaans 1,550 785 765
Gaelic languages 250 130 115
Bosnian 1,180 580 600
Bulgarian 630 340 295
Croatian 2,400 1,270 1,130
Czech 1,575 785 790
Macedonian 150 95 50
Polish 8,930 4,210 4,715
Russian 11,235 5,355 5,885
Serbian 1,945 1,055 890
Serbo-Croatian 440 205 230
Slovak 1,320 705 615
Slovenian 295 140 160
Ukrainian 4,920 2,015 2,910
Latvian 165 125 45
Lithuanian 225 110 115
Greek 2,440 1,220 1,225
Armenian 305 150 155
Albanian 915 480 435
Estonian 95 55 40
Finnish 425 155 270
Hungarian 3,960 2,030 1,935
Turkish 1,365 780 590
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 870 495 375
Somali 1,095 595 505
Amharic 3,810 2,025 1,780
Arabic 19,630 10,445 9,185
Hebrew 1,270 610 660
Maltese 65 30 30
Tigrigna 1,260 645 610
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 525 255 270
Bengali 3,590 1,885 1,710
Gujarati 6,090 2,915 3,170
Hindi 20,865 10,635 10,230
Konkani 185 60 130
Marathi 750 385 365
Panjabi (Punjabi) 36,080 18,675 17,405
Sindhi 2,445 1,080 1,360
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,200 570 630
Urdu 16,165 8,520 7,645
Nepali 1,005 560 450
Kurdish 1,000 515 485
Pashto 1,230 680 555
Persian (Farsi) 7,340 4,060 3,285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 795 390 405
Kannada 350 190 160
Malayalam 1,735 960 775
Tamil 1,895 950 945
Telugu 575 305 270
Japanese 3,585 1,600 1,990
Korean 7,985 3,830 4,155
Cantonese 25,595 12,185 13,405
Fukien 265 130 135
Hakka 120 70 55
Mandarin 16,770 7,860 8,915
Taiwanese 265 100 160
Chinese, n.o.s. 26,865 12,675 14,190
Lao 590 285 305
Thai 820 330 490
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,345 610 735
Vietnamese 17,065 8,270 8,795
Bisayan languages 1,280 545 740
Ilocano 1,800 700 1,100
Malay 1,150 545 595
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 39,580 16,695 22,885
Akan (Twi) 910 500 410
Lingala 355 235 120
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 35
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 135 85 50
Swahili 2,075 1,130 945
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 560 330 235
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,195 1,145 1,050
African languages, n.i.e. 2,170 1,180 995
Creoles 1,095 530 570
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 6,545 3,130 3,420
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,182,695 591,350 591,345
Non-movers 999,120 497,665 501,455
Movers 183,575 93,685 89,890
Non-migrants 126,630 64,785 61,845
Migrants 56,945 28,900 28,045
Internal migrants 38,675 19,975 18,695
Intraprovincial migrants 20,650 10,605 10,040
Interprovincial migrants 18,025 9,370 8,655
External migrants 18,275 8,925 9,350
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,117,990 557,640 560,350
Non-movers 597,660 293,825 303,830
Movers 520,330 263,815 256,520
Non-migrants 313,395 159,245 154,150
Migrants 206,935 104,565 102,365
Internal migrants 132,825 68,225 64,600
Intraprovincial migrants 58,095 29,630 28,460
Interprovincial migrants 74,730 38,595 36,140
External migrants 74,105 36,340 37,765
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 976,570 486,400 490,175
No certificate, diploma or degree 146,835 74,305 72,525
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 243,310 117,640 125,665
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 586,425 294,450 291,980
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 80,325 56,030 24,295
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 174,010 76,215 97,795
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 50,610 22,420 28,185
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 281,480 139,785 141,695
Bachelor's degree 194,180 93,825 100,355
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 87,300 45,955 41,340
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 710,300 356,100 354,200
No certificate, diploma or degree 63,845 34,125 29,715
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 151,785 74,280 77,505
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 494,675 247,695 246,980
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 62,380 44,225 18,155
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 144,235 63,830 80,405
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 40,670 18,145 22,515
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 247,390 121,490 125,900
Bachelor's degree 169,420 81,220 88,200
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 77,970 40,265 37,700
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 976,575 486,400 490,175
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 390,145 191,950 198,200
Education 38,415 8,290 30,125
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 19,480 8,375 11,110
Humanities 26,950 10,025 16,920
Social and behavioural sciences and law 57,960 21,045 36,910
Business, management and public administration 135,075 55,095 79,980
Physical and life sciences and technologies 30,390 16,985 13,400
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 26,375 16,960 9,410
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 143,760 125,765 17,990
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 9,815 5,120 4,700
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 75,090 14,900 60,190
Personal, protective and transportation services 23,080 11,860 11,215
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 40 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 976,570 486,400 490,170
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 390,145 191,945 198,195
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 586,425 294,450 291,980
Location of study inside Canada 456,265 229,245 227,020
Same as province or territory of residence 319,905 158,895 161,010
Another province or territory 136,365 70,350 66,015
Location of study outside Canada 130,160 65,205 64,950
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 773,280 408,955 364,320
Single responses 767,850 406,415 361,435
English 757,625 401,685 355,940
French 1,970 575 1,395
Non-official languages 8,255 4,155 4,105
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,765 930 835
Cantonese 1,345 600 750
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,230 735 490
Mandarin 470 275 185
Spanish 705 370 330
Korean 410 175 235
German 60 25 30
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 40 0 35
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 2,230 1,030 1,200
Multiple responses 5,430 2,540 2,890
English and French 1,065 440 625
English and non-official language 4,290 2,075 2,215
French and non-official language 25 0 25
English, French and non-official language 50 25 30
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 773,280 408,955 364,325
English 757,620 401,685 355,935
French 1,970 575 1,400
Non-official language 8,260 4,155 4,100
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 8,255 4,155 4,100
English and French 1,065 435 630
English and non-official language 4,285 2,070 2,215
French and non-official language 25 0 25
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 976,575 486,395 490,175
In the labour force 725,910 388,835 337,080
Employed 683,190 366,610 316,575
Unemployed 42,720 22,220 20,500
Not in the labour force 250,660 97,565 153,090
Participation rate 74.3 79.9 68.8
Employment rate 70.0 75.4 64.6
Unemployment rate 5.9 5.7 6.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 725,915 388,830 337,080
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 10,640 4,720 5,920
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 715,270 384,115 331,155
Employee 635,900 333,720 302,180
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 79,375 50,395 28,975
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 725,915 388,835 337,080
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 10,645 4,720 5,925
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 715,270 384,115 331,155
0 Management occupations 83,300 53,915 29,380
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 135,240 41,145 94,090
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 84,290 65,330 18,965
3 Health occupations 40,220 7,575 32,645
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 70,935 23,255 47,675
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 17,785 7,775 10,010
6 Sales and service occupations 155,855 69,730 86,125
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 100,095 93,675 6,425
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 10,770 8,920 1,850
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 16,790 12,800 3,995
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 725,915 388,835 337,080
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 10,640 4,720 5,925
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 715,270 384,115 331,155
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 4,015 2,500 1,520
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 45,270 27,350 17,915
22 Utilities 8,295 5,115 3,180
23 Construction 62,110 52,605 9,505
31-33 Manufacturing 41,835 30,880 10,955
41 Wholesale trade 31,725 21,990 9,735
44-45 Retail trade 76,835 36,130 40,710
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 40,075 28,265 11,815
51 Information and cultural industries 16,270 8,980 7,290
52 Finance and insurance 27,095 11,305 15,790
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 15,815 8,865 6,945
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 83,390 48,855 34,535
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,210 675 535
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 28,725 16,605 12,120
61 Educational services 43,925 14,020 29,910
62 Health care and social assistance 66,740 11,325 55,410
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 15,960 8,165 7,795
72 Accommodation and food services 43,130 19,420 23,705
81 Other services (except public administration) 31,870 13,570 18,300
91 Public administration 30,980 17,490 13,495
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 725,910 388,835 337,080
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 32,795 15,195 17,600
Worked in 2010 693,115 373,640 319,475
1 to 13 weeks 34,515 15,880 18,635
14 to 26 weeks 52,120 25,680 26,440
27 to 39 weeks 41,645 21,570 20,070
40 to 48 weeks 121,145 63,455 57,690
49 to 52 weeks 443,690 247,055 196,635
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.4 44.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 725,915 388,835 337,080
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 32,795 15,195 17,600
Worked in 2010 693,115 373,640 319,480
Worked full-time in 2010 569,225 332,070 237,155
Worked part-time in 2010 123,895 41,570 82,320
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 683,190 366,615 316,575
Worked at home 42,435 19,585 22,845
Worked outside Canada 2,870 2,220 660
No fixed workplace address 88,940 67,385 21,550
Worked at usual place 548,945 277,425 271,520
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 637,885 344,815 293,070
Car, truck or van - as a driver 454,850 261,050 193,800
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 34,485 11,695 22,790
Public transit 101,210 47,595 53,610
Walked 30,975 14,405 16,570
Bicycle 7,565 5,565 2,005
Other methods 8,805 4,510 4,300
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 637,890 344,815 293,070
Median commuting duration 25.2 25.6 20.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 637,890 344,810 293,075
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 184,240 118,280 65,960
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 335,930 168,640 167,290
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 117,715 57,900 59,815
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 464,000 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 440,065 ... ...
Major repairs needed 23,940 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 464,000 ... ...
1960 or before 50,915 ... ...
1961 to 1980 142,190 ... ...
1981 to 1990 65,795 ... ...
1991 to 2000 83,540 ... ...
2001 to 2005 64,625 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 56,945 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 464,000 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 106,620 ... ...
5 rooms 67,180 ... ...
6 rooms 67,590 ... ...
7 rooms 61,440 ... ...
8 or more rooms 161,175 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 464,000 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 51,890 ... ...
2 bedrooms 96,580 ... ...
3 bedrooms 174,400 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 141,125 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 464,005 ... ...
Owner 342,855 ... ...
Renter 120,950 ... ...
Band housing 200 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 464,000 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 94,635 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 369,365 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 464,005 ... ...
1 household maintainer 266,700 ... ...
2 household maintainers 182,470 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 14,830 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 464,000 ... ...
Under 25 years 17,590 ... ...
25 to 34 years 91,135 ... ...
35 to 44 years 100,935 ... ...
45 to 54 years 109,490 ... ...
55 to 64 years 77,305 ... ...
65 to 74 years 37,310 ... ...
75 years and over 30,245 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 464,000 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 454,820 ... ...
More than one person per room 9,180 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 464,000 ... ...
Suitable 440,295 ... ...
Not suitable 23,705 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 461,510 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 346,165 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 115,345 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 93,475 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 341,790 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 65.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 20.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,393 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,412 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 400,831 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 466,438 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 120,870 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,097 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,130 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 976,570 486,400 490,175
Without income 48,970 21,410 27,560
With income 927,605 464,985 462,620
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 94,315 43,370 50,945
$5,000 to $9,999 56,870 19,395 37,475
$10,000 to $14,999 64,440 25,635 38,805
$15,000 to $19,999 62,785 24,630 38,155
$20,000 to $29,999 105,815 44,130 61,685
$30,000 to $39,999 96,655 44,245 52,410
$40,000 to $49,999 92,345 44,560 47,780
$50,000 to $59,999 73,445 39,260 34,180
$60,000 to $79,999 103,690 59,375 44,315
$80,000 to $99,999 67,105 40,225 26,875
$100,000 and over 110,125 80,145 29,980
$100,000 to $124,999 42,205 28,025 14,180
$125,000 and over 67,915 52,120 15,795
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,184 46,795 30,694
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 56,600 71,419 41,705
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 976,575 486,400 490,175
Without after-tax income 49,090 21,435 27,655
With after-tax income 927,480 464,965 462,515
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 96,150 44,035 52,110
$5,000 to $9,999 57,400 19,465 37,940
$10,000 to $14,999 66,300 26,450 39,850
$15,000 to $19,999 68,525 27,050 41,475
$20,000 to $29,999 124,050 52,565 71,485
$30,000 to $39,999 123,785 58,885 64,900
$40,000 to $49,999 106,470 55,935 50,535
$50,000 to $59,999 75,930 42,325 33,605
$60,000 to $79,999 99,395 59,045 40,355
$80,000 to $99,999 45,015 29,645 15,370
$100,000 and over 64,450 49,565 14,885
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,159 40,662 28,324
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 45,872 56,431 35,257
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 94.2 96.4 90.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 82.2 84.7 77.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 79.0 81.4 74.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.2 3.3 3.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.7 6.5 7.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.2 3.2 3.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.1 2.0 2.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 5.8 3.6 9.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 1.6 1.3 2.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.3 0.9 2.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.0 0.7 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.0 0.1 2.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 0.9 0.7 1.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 19.0 21.0 15.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.0 79.0 84.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.0 3.0 2.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 391,155 228,090 163,060
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 57,967 64,743 50,464
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 77,710 90,249 60,169
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 326,245 ... ...
Median family income ($) 99,529 ... ...
Average family income ($) 131,937 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,938 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 106,641 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 112,185 ... ...
Median family income ($) 93,322 ... ...
Average family income ($) 123,797 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 79,702 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 99,721 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 161,815 ... ...
Median family income ($) 117,517 ... ...
Average family income ($) 153,956 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 99,632 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 123,490 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 40,585 ... ...
Median family income ($) 58,173 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,322 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,098 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,403 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 186,460 98,150 88,315
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,754 42,136 34,771
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 50,730 56,530 44,284
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,055 36,774 31,164
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 41,589 45,595 37,137
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,199,125 600,015 599,115
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 446,700 216,250 230,445
In bottom decile 98,740 48,840 49,895
In second decile 75,535 34,380 41,155
In third decile 84,060 40,600 43,465
In fourth decile 92,180 44,580 47,600
In fifth decile 96,185 47,850 48,330
In top half of the Canadian distribution 752,425 383,765 368,665
In sixth decile 108,610 55,065 53,550
In seventh decile 115,465 58,400 57,065
In eighth decile 127,125 64,360 62,760
In ninth decile 157,745 80,260 77,485
In top decile 243,475 125,675 117,805
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 464,000 ... ...
Under $5,000 13,305 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,945 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 12,590 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 25,370 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 30,205 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 31,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,450 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 62,105 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 54,800 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 52,960 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 38,190 ... ...
$150,000 and over 95,630 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 464,000 ... ...
Under $5,000 13,760 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,010 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,345 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 13,385 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 28,775 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 36,990 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 40,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 39,400 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 73,730 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 58,550 ... ...
$100,000 and over 143,520 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 52,035 ... ...
$125,000 and over 91,485 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 464,000 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 83,220 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 113,152 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 71,465 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 91,693 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 115,730 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 45,015 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 59,247 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,910 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 47,957 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 348,270 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 99,805 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 131,065 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 85,329 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 106,226 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,197,840 599,335 598,500
Less than 18 years 267,615 136,745 130,875
Less than 6 years 95,550 49,675 45,875
18 to 64 years 823,030 413,775 409,260
65 years and over 107,190 48,815 58,375
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 127,035 60,735 66,305
Less than 18 years 34,915 17,595 17,325
Less than 6 years 12,860 6,305 6,560
18 to 64 years 83,710 40,575 43,135
65 years and over 8,410 2,565 5,845
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.6 10.1 11.1
Less than 18 years (%) 13.0 12.9 13.2
Less than 6 years (%) 13.5 12.7 14.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 9.8 10.5
65 years and over (%) 7.8 5.3 10.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Calgary, CMA, Alberta (Code 825) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 23, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Calgary, CMA, Alberta

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Calgary, CMA, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary, CMA
Alberta
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,214,839 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 1,079,310  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 12.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 488,451 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 464,001 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 237.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 5,107.55 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,214,835 606,870 607,970
0 to 4 years 80,855 41,665 39,195
5 to 9 years 71,090 36,140 34,950
10 to 14 years 70,625 36,160 34,465
15 to 19 years 75,200 38,635 36,565
15 years 14,790 7,550 7,240
16 years 14,980 7,760 7,220
17 years 14,750 7,565 7,185
18 years 15,220 7,870 7,350
19 years 15,465 7,895 7,575
20 to 24 years 84,370 42,590 41,780
25 to 29 years 100,290 50,170 50,115
30 to 34 years 98,780 49,290 49,495
35 to 39 years 95,910 47,985 47,925
40 to 44 years 94,360 47,915 46,440
45 to 49 years 96,580 48,390 48,190
50 to 54 years 94,345 47,655 46,695
55 to 59 years 76,275 38,810 37,465
60 to 64 years 57,420 28,755 28,660
65 to 69 years 37,015 18,060 18,955
70 to 74 years 27,295 12,605 14,690
75 to 79 years 22,415 10,140 12,270
80 to 84 years 17,190 7,115 10,075
85 years and over 14,835 4,785 10,045
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.4 35.9 36.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.7 81.2 82.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 992,265 492,910 499,360
Married or living with a common-law partner 582,605 292,415 290,185
Married (and not separated) 499,685 250,810 248,880
Living common law 82,915 41,610 41,310
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 409,665 200,490 209,175
Single (never legally married) 286,320 157,540 128,780
Separated 23,405 10,235 13,165
Divorced 61,870 25,060 36,810
Widowed 38,075 7,660 30,415
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 330,630 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 151,820 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 75,030 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 73,835 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 29,945 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 330,625 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 284,010 ... ...
Married couples 242,580 ... ...
Without children at home 95,715 ... ...
With children at home 146,865 ... ...
1 child 54,220 ... ...
2 children 65,670 ... ...
3 or more children 26,970 ... ...
Common-law couples 41,430 ... ...
Without children at home 27,555 ... ...
With children at home 13,880 ... ...
1 child 7,290 ... ...
2 children 4,730 ... ...
3 or more children 1,855 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 46,615 ... ...
Female parent 36,205 ... ...
1 child 21,660 ... ...
2 children 10,725 ... ...
3 or more children 3,820 ... ...
Male parent 10,410 ... ...
1 child 6,900 ... ...
2 children 2,790 ... ...
3 or more children 730 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 369,125 ... ...
Under six years of age 94,905 ... ...
6 to 14 years 125,720 ... ...
15 to 17 years 42,995 ... ...
18 to 24 years 72,925 ... ...
25 years and over 32,585 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,199,125 600,135 598,990
Number of persons not in census families 215,360 111,565 103,800
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 29,945 14,095 15,855
Living with non-relatives only 69,440 41,605 27,835
Living alone 115,975 55,865 60,115
Number of census family persons 983,765 488,570 495,195
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 108,660 49,840 58,820
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 34,825 9,910 24,915
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 6,325 1,375 4,955
Living with non-relatives only 2,290 1,135 1,160
Living alone 26,205 7,400 18,800
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 73,830 39,930 33,905
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 464,005 ... ...
Census-family households 319,270 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 283,330 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 248,685 ... ...
Without children 107,285 ... ...
With children 141,395 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 34,645 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 35,935 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 25,405 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 18,300 ... ...
Without children 6,930 ... ...
With children 11,365 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,105 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 10,535 ... ...
Non-census-family households 144,735 ... ...
One-person households 115,975 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 28,755 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 464,000 ... ...
Single-detached house 281,130 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 29,585 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,430 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 150,860 ... ...
Semi-detached house 28,230 ... ...
Row house 40,000 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 16,865 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 65,585 ... ...
Other single-attached house 180 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 464,000 ... ...
1 person 115,980 ... ...
2 persons 150,105 ... ...
3 persons 78,260 ... ...
4 persons 75,470 ... ...
5 persons 28,445 ... ...
6 or more persons 15,740 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,199,125 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,205,175 602,090 603,080
  Single responses  1,178,380 588,955 589,430
    English  855,015 431,965 423,050
    French  18,600 9,280 9,320
    Non-official languages  304,760 147,705 157,055
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 435 155 285
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  250 90 155
        Dene  20 10 10
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  70 20 50
        Oji-Cree  0 5 0
        Stoney  85 25 60
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 300,495 145,680 154,815
        African languages, n.i.e 1,870 1,000 870
        Afrikaans  805 415 390
        Akan (Twi)  485 270 215
        Albanian  1,020 550 470
        Amharic  3,060 1,540 1,525
        Arabic  13,565 7,345 6,215
        Armenian  245 120 125
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 435 230 210
        Bengali  3,130 1,615 1,520
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  35 15 15
        Bisayan languages  1,435 570 865
        Bosnian  820 405 415
        Bulgarian  810 410 400
        Burmese  200 95 105
        Cantonese  20,175 9,470 10,700
        Chinese, n.o.s.  26,965 12,805 14,155
        Creoles  465 240 220
        Croatian  1,955 960 995
        Czech  1,405 675 730
        Danish  1,025 525 490
        Dutch  4,375 2,195 2,175
        Estonian  95 50 45
        Finnish  365 135 235
        Flemish  90 40 45
        Fukien  210 95 110
        German  13,195 6,365 6,830
        Greek  1,510 755 755
        Gujarati  4,045 1,980 2,065
        Hakka  95 40 55
        Hebrew  420 210 210
        Hindi  5,185 2,625 2,555
        Hungarian  3,535 1,730 1,800
        Ilocano  1,600 675 925
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 820 440 380
        Italian  5,585 2,895 2,695
        Japanese  2,105 770 1,335
        Khmer (Cambodian)  815 385 430
        Korean  7,650 3,600 4,050
        Kurdish  685 400 285
        Lao  490 230 260
        Latvian  145 80 70
        Lingala  45 25 20
        Lithuanian  195 90 105
        Macedonian  135 65 65
        Malay  590 250 335
        Malayalam  1,110 575 540
        Maltese  30 15 15
        Mandarin  11,380 5,330 6,055
        Marathi  465 240 220
        Nepali  740 400 340
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 1,065 550 515
        Norwegian  435 195 235
        Oromo  595 330 265
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  29,025 14,645 14,375
        Pashto  1,160 585 580
        Persian (Farsi)  6,490 3,430 3,060
        Polish  7,860 3,725 4,135
        Portuguese  2,680 1,295 1,385
        Romanian  3,830 1,975 1,860
        Rundi (Kirundi)  80 45 40
        Russian  7,610 3,470 4,145
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  65 40 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 415 220 200
        Serbian  1,750 875 875
        Serbo-Croatian  500 240 260
        Shanghainese  80 30 45
        Sign languages, n.i.e 150 85 70
        Sindhi  1,620 770 850
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  825 405 420
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 290 135 155
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 80 40 35
        Slovak  1,095 545 550
        Slovenian  260 125 140
        Somali  1,065 525 540
        Spanish  22,595 11,130 11,470
        Swahili  555 275 285
        Swedish  290 120 170
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  26,555 11,310 15,250
        Taiwanese  180 80 95
        Tamil  1,285 685 600
        Telugu  505 255 250
        Thai  500 160 340
        Tibetan languages  325 160 165
        Tigrigna  1,250 670 580
        Turkish  995 580 415
        Ukrainian  3,690 1,630 2,060
        Urdu  12,525 6,435 6,085
        Vietnamese  12,505 5,895 6,605
        Yiddish  95 45 50
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 3,835 1,880 1,955
  Multiple responses          26,795 13,140 13,655
    English and French  2,975 1,445 1,535
    English and non-official language  22,225 10,890 11,330
    French and non-official language  1,045 550 495
    English, French and non-official language 545 255 295
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,205,170 602,095 603,080
  English only 1,088,785 549,810 538,975
  French only 1,040 460 580
  English and French 89,345 41,380 47,965
  Neither English nor French 26,000 10,440 15,560
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,205,175 602,090 603,085
  English 1,154,660 579,320 575,345
  French 18,835 9,480 9,355
  English and French 6,265 3,145 3,120
  Neither English nor French 25,410 10,150 15,265
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 21,965 11,050 10,915
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.8 1.8 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,205,175 602,095 603,080
  Single responses 1,153,665 576,770 576,895
    English 967,735 485,615 482,120
    French 7,305 3,655 3,655
    Non-official languages 178,625 87,505 91,120
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 95 45 50
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 50 20 30
        Dene 5 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 5 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 5
        Stoney 35 15 20
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 177,080 86,725 90,350
        African languages, n.i.e. 1,060 545 515
        Afrikaans 410 205 205
        Akan (Twi) 210 105 100
        Albanian 585 315 265
        Amharic 2,200 1,090 1,110
        Arabic 8,440 4,390 4,045
        Armenian 145 75 75
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 130 65 70
        Bengali 2,275 1,145 1,130
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 15 10
        Bisayan languages 525 240 280
        Bosnian 450 225 225
        Bulgarian 475 245 235
        Burmese 160 80 80
        Cantonese 14,515 6,750 7,765
        Chinese, n.o.s. 17,850 8,555 9,295
        Creoles 220 115 110
        Croatian 695 340 350
        Czech 385 185 195
        Danish 75 40 35
        Dutch 505 230 275
        Estonian 15 10 10
        Finnish 55 25 30
        Flemish 0 5 0
        Fukien 45 20 30
        German 1,805 875 930
        Greek 445 215 230
        Gujarati 2,135 1,025 1,110
        Hakka 20 10 10
        Hebrew 220 110 110
        Hindi 2,835 1,430 1,405
        Hungarian 1,215 595 620
        Ilocano 585 270 315
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 420 225 200
        Italian 1,450 655 795
        Japanese 995 430 565
        Khmer (Cambodian) 455 210 240
        Korean 5,770 2,735 3,035
        Kurdish 465 260 210
        Lao 250 115 135
        Latvian 45 30 10
        Lingala 20 10 10
        Lithuanian 60 30 30
        Macedonian 60 30 30
        Malay 230 125 110
        Malayalam 610 305 305
        Maltese 5 5 0
        Mandarin 8,845 4,290 4,555
        Marathi 230 125 105
        Nepali 550 290 260
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 305 140 165
        Norwegian 160 85 80
        Oromo 445 230 210
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 22,570 11,285 11,285
        Pashto 760 380 380
        Persian (Farsi) 4,490 2,290 2,200
        Polish 3,405 1,635 1,770
        Portuguese 1,100 540 560
        Romanian 2,195 1,155 1,040
        Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 10
        Russian 4,870 2,380 2,495
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 15 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 265 125 135
        Serbian 1,040 510 530
        Serbo-Croatian 230 115 115
        Shanghainese 45 20 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 195 110 85
        Sindhi 700 315 385
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 420 210 210
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 220 100 125
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Slovak 450 230 220
        Slovenian 40 20 25
        Somali 750 385 370
        Spanish 14,600 7,235 7,365
        Swahili 205 110 100
        Swedish 45 20 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,840 7,035 7,800
        Taiwanese 70 30 40
        Tamil 730 380 345
        Telugu 255 135 120
        Thai 225 100 125
        Tibetan languages 235 120 110
        Tigrigna 905 470 435
        Turkish 590 315 275
        Ukrainian 535 240 300
        Urdu 8,855 4,510 4,350
        Vietnamese 9,100 4,335 4,765
        Yiddish 5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,455 735 715
  Multiple responses         51,505 25,320 26,185
    English and French 1,760 890 870
    English and non-official language 48,500 23,815 24,690
    French and non-official language 485 235 250
    English, French and non-official language 760 385 380
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,205,175 602,090 603,080
  None 1,023,580 513,495 510,080
  Single responses  178,280 86,935 91,340
    English  75,935 38,015 37,920
    French  12,045 5,495 6,550
    Non-official languages  90,300 43,425 46,870
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 265 100 165
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  180 70 110
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  40 15 20
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  35 15 25
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 88,015 42,380 45,630
        African languages, n.i.e 560 295 265
        Afrikaans  355 185 170
        Akan (Twi)  255 140 110
        Albanian  320 160 150
        Amharic  765 390 375
        Arabic  5,735 3,075 2,660
        Armenian  55 25 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 215 110 110
        Bengali  580 280 300
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 5
        Bisayan languages  395 170 225
        Bosnian  240 115 125
        Bulgarian  215 105 110
        Burmese  60 30 30
        Cantonese  5,155 2,465 2,695
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,540 2,670 2,870
        Creoles  290 145 150
        Croatian  815 385 430
        Czech  525 250 270
        Danish  360 175 190
        Dutch  1,415 660 745
        Estonian  25 10 10
        Finnish  115 45 70
        Flemish  20 10 5
        Fukien  80 35 40
        German  4,500 2,175 2,325
        Greek  910 440 475
        Gujarati  1,665 810 860
        Hakka  40 20 25
        Hebrew  295 155 145
        Hindi  3,215 1,655 1,560
        Hungarian  1,115 530 585
        Ilocano  470 200 270
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 225 125 100
        Italian  2,570 1,285 1,280
        Japanese  1,060 435 620
        Khmer (Cambodian)  225 110 115
        Korean  1,195 565 630
        Kurdish  155 85 70
        Lao  190 90 95
        Latvian  35 10 25
        Lingala  55 20 35
        Lithuanian  45 25 20
        Macedonian  35 15 20
        Malay  250 115 140
        Malayalam  365 185 175
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  2,405 1,110 1,295
        Marathi  140 75 65
        Nepali  100 60 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 985 485 500
        Norwegian  115 45 65
        Oromo  115 60 55
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  4,805 2,505 2,300
        Pashto  200 95 105
        Persian (Farsi)  1,200 635 565
        Polish  2,515 1,200 1,315
        Portuguese  1,100 525 575
        Romanian  1,065 535 530
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 15 20
        Russian  1,925 865 1,060
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 95 50 45
        Serbian  520 265 250
        Serbo-Croatian  130 65 65
        Shanghainese  25 10 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e 160 70 85
        Sindhi  760 360 400
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  275 130 145
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Slovak  315 160 155
        Slovenian  70 35 35
        Somali  340 175 160
        Spanish  9,045 4,450 4,595
        Swahili  450 240 210
        Swedish  170 70 95
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  8,065 3,050 5,010
        Taiwanese  60 35 30
        Tamil  420 220 195
        Telugu  185 95 95
        Thai  205 65 140
        Tibetan languages  55 25 30
        Tigrigna  375 200 175
        Turkish  270 155 115
        Ukrainian  950 430 520
        Urdu  2,815 1,470 1,350
        Vietnamese  2,715 1,280 1,440
        Yiddish  35 15 20
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,020 950 1,070
  Multiple responses          3,315 1,660 1,655
    English and French  490 250 240
    English and non-official language  1,415 725 690
    French and non-official language  1,390 675 715
    English, French and non-official language  20 10 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Calgary, CMA, Alberta (Code 825) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 23, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Calgary (Census metropolitan area), Alberta

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Calgary, CMA, Alberta (Census metropolitan area)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data