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NHS Profile, Edmonton, CMA, Alberta, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Edmonton, CMA, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton, CMA
Alberta
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,139,585 569,495 570,085
Canadian citizens 1,055,095 527,760 527,340
Canadian citizens aged under 18 234,305 119,880 114,425
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 820,795 407,880 412,920
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 84,485 41,740 42,745
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,139,580 569,495 570,090
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 884,715 445,485 439,235
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 232,195 111,800 120,395
Before 1971 34,580 16,930 17,650
1971 to 1980 32,940 16,095 16,840
1981 to 1990 33,340 15,805 17,540
1991 to 2000 43,735 20,395 23,340
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 87,605 42,575 45,030
2001 to 2005 37,670 18,680 18,995
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 49,935 23,895 26,035
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 22,670 12,215 10,455
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 232,195 111,800 120,400
Under 5 years 22,800 11,475 11,330
5 to 14 years 40,170 20,585 19,585
15 to 24 years 53,585 24,720 28,860
25 to 44 years 96,950 46,650 50,300
45 years and over 18,695 8,370 10,325
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,139,580 569,495 570,085
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 884,715 445,485 439,235
Born in province of residence 625,975 312,360 313,615
Born outside province of residence 258,745 133,125 125,620
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 232,195 111,800 120,395
Americas 25,240 12,075 13,170
United States 8,640 4,040 4,600
Jamaica 1,905 930 975
Guyana 1,040 475 565
Haiti 205 80 125
Mexico 1,415 655 765
Trinidad and Tobago 1,395 760 635
Colombia 1,795 925 870
El Salvador 2,305 1,110 1,195
Peru 335 175 165
Chile 1,790 860 925
Other places of birth in Americas 4,415 2,060 2,350
Europe 61,800 29,845 31,955
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 16,735 8,110 8,625
Italy 3,745 1,860 1,890
Germany 7,855 3,800 4,060
Poland 7,810 3,400 4,415
Portugal 2,160 1,115 1,045
Netherlands 4,080 2,165 1,910
France 730 300 420
Romania 1,715 790 925
Russian Federation 1,780 725 1,055
Greece 490 305 180
Ukraine 3,140 1,425 1,715
Croatia 1,240 590 650
Hungary 955 490 470
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,285 695 595
Serbia 735 345 385
Ireland, Republic of 1,065 550 515
Other places of birth in Europe 6,265 3,175 3,085
Africa 22,195 11,540 10,655
Morocco 445 275 175
Algeria 160 75 85
Egypt 1,235 665 565
South Africa, Republic of 1,655 820 840
Nigeria 1,260 655 605
Ethiopia 2,175 1,090 1,090
Kenya 1,635 895 745
Other places of birth in Africa 13,625 7,080 6,550
Asia 119,290 56,485 62,810
India 23,830 11,945 11,890
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 17,675 8,270 9,405
Philippines 26,295 11,090 15,200
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 6,840 3,340 3,500
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 10,375 4,955 5,415
Pakistan 5,935 2,940 2,995
Sri Lanka 1,435 715 720
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,840 960 880
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,855 1,250 1,605
Lebanon 3,940 2,035 1,910
Taiwan 1,075 515 555
Iraq 1,300 670 630
Bangladesh 1,210 600 610
Afghanistan 1,680 875 805
Japan 575 140 430
Turkey 885 535 350
Other places of birth in Asia 11,540 5,645 5,895
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 3,665 1,850 1,810
Fiji 2,295 1,090 1,205
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 1,375 760 610
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 22,670 12,215 10,455
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 49,930 23,895 26,040
Americas 5,735 2,835 2,900
United States 1,735 655 1,085
Mexico 755 425 335
Cuba 150 100 50
Haiti 105 40 65
Jamaica 265 155 115
Brazil 170 65 105
Colombia 910 510 400
Guyana 80 25 55
Peru 135 75 60
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 270 135 130
Other places of birth in Americas 1,155 645 510
Europe 5,395 2,545 2,850
France 115 45 70
Germany 720 340 380
Poland 380 150 230
Romania 515 235 280
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 145 90 55
Russian Federation 655 285 365
Ukraine 425 200 225
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,440 750 690
Other places of birth in Europe 995 445 545
Africa 7,060 3,560 3,500
Nigeria 665 345 320
Ethiopia 825 400 420
Mauritius 165 100 70
Somalia 935 445 485
Algeria 60 30 40
Egypt 405 205 200
Morocco 265 155 105
Tunisia 60 25 40
Cameroon 245 160 85
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 185 95 95
South Africa, Republic of 315 155 160
Other places of birth in Africa 2,935 1,460 1,475
Asia 31,295 14,715 16,575
Philippines 10,365 4,685 5,675
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,840 1,805 2,035
India 6,965 3,480 3,480
Pakistan 1,920 830 1,085
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 600 330 275
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 915 410 500
Sri Lanka 550 305 245
Iraq 385 190 190
Bangladesh 600 300 300
Lebanon 735 365 370
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 755 275 480
Taiwan 195 65 135
Afghanistan 240 110 130
Japan 145 30 115
Turkey 240 130 110
Israel 70 20 55
Nepal 275 135 145
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 185 65 120
United Arab Emirates 255 160 95
Saudi Arabia 140 60 80
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 90 35 50
Other places of birth in Asia 1,840 930 910
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 450 240 215
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,139,580 569,500 570,090
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 258,275 125,755 132,515
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 232,725 116,235 116,485
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 648,580 327,500 321,080
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,139,585 569,495 570,085
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 254,990 126,660 128,330
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 61,135 31,390 29,745
Chinese 51,680 25,100 26,575
Black 32,725 16,920 15,805
Filipino 39,945 18,105 21,835
Latin American 14,530 7,250 7,280
Arab 14,805 7,990 6,810
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 16,295 8,190 8,110
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 6,785 3,585 3,205
Korean 4,800 2,165 2,635
Japanese 2,660 1,170 1,485
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,430 1,270 1,155
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 7,210 3,520 3,690
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 884,595 442,835 441,755
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,139,585 569,495 570,085
North American Aboriginal origins 75,325 36,510 38,810
First Nations (North American Indian) 46,605 22,650 23,955
Inuit 1,480 725 755
Métis 30,670 14,710 15,960
Other North American origins 240,345 122,590 117,755
Acadian 1,620 830 795
American 19,710 9,895 9,820
Canadian 225,110 115,000 110,100
New Brunswicker 20 0 0
Newfoundlander 555 320 235
Nova Scotian 60 25 30
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 370 205 170
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 455 230 230
European origins 787,520 391,700 395,815
British Isles origins 451,280 224,650 226,630
Channel Islander 65 45 20
Cornish 40 40 0
English 251,085 123,805 127,280
Irish 173,265 83,215 90,050
Manx 115 70 45
Scottish 198,150 97,860 100,285
Welsh 23,400 11,610 11,790
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 23,890 11,860 12,035
French origins 137,235 67,185 70,050
Alsatian 25 10 0
Breton 30 20 20
French 137,205 67,170 70,030
Western European origins (except French origins) 262,070 129,660 132,405
Austrian 13,440 6,490 6,950
Belgian 6,835 3,465 3,365
Dutch 52,270 25,915 26,360
Flemish 820 475 350
Frisian 210 110 100
German 204,890 101,150 103,745
Luxembourger 190 85 105
Swiss 5,895 2,780 3,115
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 170 85 80
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 89,925 43,295 46,640
Danish 15,995 7,695 8,300
Finnish 4,480 2,160 2,315
Icelandic 4,805 2,290 2,510
Norwegian 41,050 19,710 21,340
Swedish 28,590 13,470 15,120
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 4,060 2,080 1,985
Eastern European origins 236,300 115,015 121,285
Bulgarian 815 405 405
Byelorussian 700 355 350
Czech 5,320 2,535 2,790
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 2,620 1,335 1,280
Estonian 835 385 455
Hungarian 13,155 6,495 6,665
Latvian 1,000 510 490
Lithuanian 1,895 920 975
Moldovan 110 60 50
Polish 68,850 33,325 35,525
Romanian 9,460 4,290 5,165
Russian 26,055 12,885 13,170
Slovak 2,670 1,185 1,485
Ukrainian 148,160 71,730 76,435
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 340 180 165
Southern European origins 65,470 32,780 32,690
Albanian 325 170 160
Bosnian 920 440 475
Croatian 3,675 1,860 1,815
Cypriot 40 15 20
Greek 4,210 2,165 2,045
Italian 29,585 15,255 14,325
Kosovar 45 35 0
Macedonian 280 150 130
Maltese 480 325 155
Montenegrin 65 25 45
Portuguese 9,275 4,690 4,580
Serbian 2,600 1,305 1,295
Sicilian 120 55 60
Slovenian 1,285 700 585
Spanish 13,645 6,170 7,475
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 2,035 905 1,125
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 20 0 0
Other European origins 8,225 4,210 4,015
Basque 75 35 40
Jewish 5,625 2,815 2,810
Roma (Gypsy) 110 50 60
Slavic, n.o.s. 295 145 150
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 2,175 1,205 965
Caribbean origins 10,005 4,880 5,130
Antiguan 85 25 60
Bahamian 45 35 0
Barbadian 720 360 355
Bermudan 30 25 10
Carib 105 50 55
Cuban 510 240 275
Dominican 130 105 30
Grenadian 260 130 125
Haitian 390 190 200
Jamaican 4,980 2,380 2,605
Kittitian/Nevisian 25 0 20
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 25 0 25
Puerto Rican 100 50 55
St. Lucian 40 20 20
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,590 820 775
Vincentian/Grenadinian 80 25 60
West Indian, n.o.s. 890 390 505
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 575 285 290
Latin, Central and South American origins 17,320 8,650 8,670
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 420 190 230
Argentinian 295 160 135
Belizean 20 0 0
Bolivian 70 45 20
Brazilian 620 315 300
Chilean 2,775 1,360 1,410
Colombian 2,200 1,100 1,105
Costa Rican 155 55 100
Ecuadorian 270 130 145
Guatemalan 735 290 445
Guyanese 965 420 545
Hispanic 155 75 80
Honduran 180 100 80
Maya 115 75 40
Mexican 3,630 2,050 1,580
Nicaraguan 275 145 130
Panamanian 65 25 45
Paraguayan 35 0 25
Peruvian 570 285 285
Salvadorean 3,135 1,490 1,650
Uruguayan 130 80 55
Venezuelan 830 370 460
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 680 300 370
African origins 33,355 17,535 15,820
Central and West African origins 5,410 3,025 2,385
Akan 50 30 20
Angolan 70 30 40
Ashanti 30 0 25
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 55 25 30
Cameroonian 355 185 175
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 830 440 395
Gabonese 20 15 0
Gambian 15 0 0
Ghanaian 1,005 610 400
Guinean 115 40 75
Ibo 115 55 65
Ivorian 90 45 40
Liberian 270 150 120
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 1,260 700 565
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 70 55 20
Sierra Leonean 370 225 140
Togolese 50 25 25
Yoruba 355 190 165
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 545 310 240
North African origins 5,780 3,110 2,670
Algerian 235 100 135
Berber 115 70 40
Coptic 55 30 20
Dinka 420 255 165
Egyptian 2,125 1,095 1,025
Libyan 175 95 80
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 485 290 200
Sudanese 2,325 1,250 1,075
Tunisian 195 95 105
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 20 0 0
Southern and East African origins 15,030 7,770 7,260
Afrikaner 55 35 20
Amhara 160 95 65
Bantu, n.o.s. 55 20 35
Burundian 325 195 130
Eritrean 1,090 490 600
Ethiopian 2,920 1,490 1,430
Harari 55 0 45
Kenyan 655 380 270
Malagasy 70 0 50
Mauritian 105 50 55
Oromo 165 80 85
Rwandan 655 295 360
Seychellois 65 0 0
Somali 4,955 2,620 2,335
South African 1,445 765 680
Tanzanian 445 240 200
Tigrian 110 60 50
Ugandan 360 200 165
Zambian 45 20 25
Zimbabwean 930 400 530
Zulu 60 25 30
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,215 660 550
Other African origins 7,990 4,200 3,790
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 835 390 445
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 7,265 3,880 3,380
Asian origins 212,040 104,485 107,555
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 28,940 15,450 13,485
Afghan 2,715 1,275 1,440
Arab, n.o.s. 3,395 1,940 1,460
Armenian 350 185 165
Assyrian 140 80 65
Azerbaijani 140 85 55
Georgian 55 30 0
Iranian 3,305 1,835 1,475
Iraqi 1,700 905 795
Israeli 560 280 280
Jordanian 730 295 440
Kazakh 155 90 65
Kurd 735 370 365
Kuwaiti 70 0 0
Lebanese 11,395 6,035 5,355
Palestinian 1,595 890 705
Pashtun 180 95 80
Saudi Arabian 300 225 80
Syrian 995 515 470
Tajik 120 20 100
Tatar 100 65 35
Turk 1,895 1,045 845
Uighur 130 40 95
Uzbek 75 40 30
Yemeni 205 95 105
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 545 290 260
South Asian origins 61,685 31,705 29,980
Bangladeshi 840 405 435
Bengali 545 310 240
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 49,795 25,450 24,345
Goan 70 45 25
Gujarati 100 45 55
Kashmiri 15 0 0
Nepali 570 295 270
Pakistani 5,480 2,850 2,630
Punjabi 3,645 1,950 1,690
Sinhalese 590 280 315
Sri Lankan 1,605 900 700
Tamil 255 130 125
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,110 545 565
East and Southeast Asian origins 122,585 57,955 64,630
Burmese 360 195 170
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,425 790 640
Chinese 60,715 29,615 31,100
Filipino 42,760 19,405 23,355
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 700 340 360
Japanese 3,650 1,735 1,920
Korean 5,075 2,295 2,775
Laotian 810 420 390
Malaysian 1,230 635 595
Mongolian 340 130 210
Singaporean 90 50 40
Taiwanese 770 380 390
Thai 800 290 510
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 12,955 6,340 6,620
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 560 225 340
Other Asian origins 855 440 410
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 855 440 410
Oceania origins 4,125 2,250 1,875
Australian 1,865 1,060 805
New Zealander 695 360 340
Pacific Islands origins 1,650 870 785
Fijian 1,185 625 565
Hawaiian 75 40 35
Maori 285 135 150
Polynesian, n.o.s. 20 15 10
Samoan 35 25 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 45 30 15
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,139,580 569,495 570,085
Buddhist 17,570 8,375 9,190
Christian 673,165 320,430 352,735
Anglican 38,620 18,410 20,210
Baptist 22,500 10,845 11,650
Catholic 298,990 144,710 154,285
Christian Orthodox 23,995 11,465 12,530
Lutheran 38,960 18,090 20,870
Pentecostal 20,435 9,450 10,990
Presbyterian 8,635 4,075 4,560
United Church 70,720 31,985 38,735
Other Christian 150,300 71,395 78,905
Hindu 15,615 8,010 7,610
Jewish 3,790 1,875 1,915
Muslim 46,125 24,005 22,120
Sikh 20,425 10,465 9,955
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 2,375 1,000 1,375
Other religions 5,585 2,375 3,215
No religious affiliation 354,935 192,955 161,975
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,139,585 569,495 570,090
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 61,765 29,940 31,830
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 26,945 12,360 14,590
Métis single identity 31,775 16,080 15,700
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 1,115 575 540
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 975 445 530
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 955 475 480
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,077,815 539,560 538,255
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,139,580 569,495 570,085
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 24,385 11,115 13,265
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,115,195 558,380 556,820
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,139,585 569,495 570,090
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 75,325 36,515 38,810
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 46,605 22,650 23,955
Métis ancestry 30,670 14,710 15,960
Inuit ancestry 1,480 725 755
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,064,260 532,980 531,275
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 305,105 147,000 158,105
Aboriginal languages 4,655 1,860 2,795
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 25 0 20
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 3,885 1,620 2,270
Mi'kmaq 15 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 175 75 105
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 115 35 75
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 15 0 20
Stoney 250 105 145
Inuktitut 50 0 45
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 195 50 145
Non-Aboriginal languages 300,510 145,155 155,355
Italian 8,230 4,030 4,200
Portuguese 4,825 2,490 2,340
Romanian 2,060 975 1,085
Spanish 25,810 12,395 13,415
Dutch 5,435 2,605 2,835
Flemish 85 40 50
German 23,575 11,430 12,140
Yiddish 115 75 40
Danish 1,010 510 505
Norwegian 465 225 235
Swedish 550 215 335
Afrikaans 900 440 460
Gaelic languages 245 110 135
Bosnian 705 345 355
Bulgarian 435 220 220
Croatian 1,750 795 950
Czech 985 535 450
Macedonian 165 75 90
Polish 10,305 4,610 5,690
Russian 6,745 3,255 3,485
Serbian 1,615 765 850
Serbo-Croatian 385 215 170
Slovak 585 245 340
Slovenian 325 140 185
Ukrainian 17,900 8,195 9,705
Latvian 205 100 110
Lithuanian 125 50 70
Greek 1,405 745 660
Armenian 150 75 80
Albanian 250 135 115
Estonian 50 20 30
Finnish 420 190 235
Hungarian 1,995 935 1,055
Turkish 1,890 1,045 840
Berber languages (Kabyle) 25 15 0
Oromo 610 245 370
Somali 4,105 2,085 2,020
Amharic 2,285 1,190 1,095
Arabic 17,510 9,310 8,200
Hebrew 1,025 475 545
Maltese 30 15 10
Tigrigna 900 425 470
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 140 50 90
Bengali 2,060 1,070 995
Gujarati 4,585 2,235 2,350
Hindi 17,050 8,770 8,275
Konkani 185 75 115
Marathi 475 230 250
Panjabi (Punjabi) 24,205 12,440 11,760
Sindhi 990 500 495
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,295 740 555
Urdu 8,390 4,295 4,090
Nepali 550 275 275
Kurdish 915 485 430
Pashto 1,160 515 645
Persian (Farsi) 4,645 2,540 2,105
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 395 210 180
Kannada 265 135 130
Malayalam 1,545 745 800
Tamil 1,710 910 800
Telugu 550 295 250
Japanese 2,715 1,225 1,495
Korean 4,335 1,985 2,350
Cantonese 19,030 8,840 10,195
Fukien 240 130 110
Hakka 180 50 130
Mandarin 11,950 5,665 6,285
Taiwanese 225 90 135
Chinese, n.o.s. 18,705 9,105 9,600
Lao 525 280 240
Thai 770 280 490
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,205 655 550
Vietnamese 11,315 5,525 5,790
Bisayan languages 1,445 585 860
Ilocano 1,305 520 790
Malay 960 470 490
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 33,000 14,470 18,530
Akan (Twi) 765 430 335
Lingala 250 135 110
Rundi (Kirundi) 325 185 145
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 600 265 335
Swahili 2,500 1,325 1,175
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 985 485 500
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,340 695 650
African languages, n.i.e. 1,955 1,060 895
Creoles 1,110 605 505
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 6,660 2,910 3,740
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,124,360 561,970 562,395
Non-movers 950,825 473,625 477,200
Movers 173,530 88,340 85,190
Non-migrants 111,645 57,045 54,595
Migrants 61,885 31,290 30,595
Internal migrants 49,915 25,185 24,725
Intraprovincial migrants 33,730 16,875 16,855
Interprovincial migrants 16,185 8,310 7,870
External migrants 11,975 6,110 5,865
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,065,845 532,565 533,275
Non-movers 583,895 288,185 295,710
Movers 481,945 244,385 237,565
Non-migrants 262,120 131,950 130,170
Migrants 219,825 112,430 107,395
Internal migrants 162,580 83,415 79,170
Intraprovincial migrants 96,870 48,855 48,010
Interprovincial migrants 65,720 34,560 31,155
External migrants 57,245 29,015 28,225
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 935,285 465,310 469,975
No certificate, diploma or degree 163,090 80,550 82,540
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 249,785 118,580 131,205
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 522,410 266,175 256,230
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 102,030 76,270 25,760
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 172,575 75,010 97,570
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 43,155 18,460 24,695
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 204,645 96,445 108,205
Bachelor's degree 138,525 61,670 76,850
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 66,125 34,770 31,355
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 653,420 327,370 326,045
No certificate, diploma or degree 72,420 37,045 35,380
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 153,995 73,750 80,240
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 427,005 216,575 210,430
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 79,680 60,310 19,375
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 141,145 61,855 79,285
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 33,050 14,220 18,830
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 173,125 80,185 92,940
Bachelor's degree 116,455 51,300 65,150
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 56,670 28,885 27,785
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 935,285 465,310 469,980
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 412,870 199,130 213,745
Education 41,165 11,015 30,150
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 15,585 7,100 8,485
Humanities 22,720 9,420 13,295
Social and behavioural sciences and law 43,665 14,570 29,095
Business, management and public administration 104,100 40,045 64,055
Physical and life sciences and technologies 22,255 11,610 10,645
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 18,800 11,380 7,425
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 138,510 127,120 11,385
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 9,160 5,465 3,695
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 80,860 16,000 64,860
Personal, protective and transportation services 25,575 12,445 13,135
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 30 20 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 935,285 465,305 469,980
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 412,875 199,130 213,745
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 522,410 266,175 256,235
Location of study inside Canada 432,650 221,020 211,630
Same as province or territory of residence 351,245 178,805 172,440
Another province or territory 81,400 42,220 39,185
Location of study outside Canada 89,760 45,155 44,605
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 727,840 384,740 343,100
Single responses 724,155 383,020 341,135
English 716,410 379,500 336,915
French 2,545 915 1,630
Non-official languages 5,205 2,610 2,590
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,145 560 580
Cantonese 970 440 530
Panjabi (Punjabi) 545 315 230
Mandarin 215 110 105
Spanish 600 365 240
Korean 210 120 90
German 60 20 40
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 15 10 10
Portuguese 20 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,415 660 755
Multiple responses 3,685 1,715 1,965
English and French 1,080 520 560
English and non-official language 2,495 1,130 1,370
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 95 55 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 727,845 384,745 343,095
English 716,410 379,495 336,915
French 2,545 910 1,630
Non-official language 5,205 2,615 2,590
Aboriginal 15 10 10
Non-Aboriginal 5,180 2,600 2,580
English and French 1,080 520 560
English and non-official language 2,500 1,135 1,365
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 95 55 40
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 935,285 465,310 469,975
In the labour force 684,335 365,390 318,945
Employed 645,805 344,880 300,925
Unemployed 38,525 20,510 18,015
Not in the labour force 250,950 99,915 151,035
Participation rate 73.2 78.5 67.9
Employment rate 69.0 74.1 64.0
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.6 5.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 684,335 365,390 318,945
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 9,150 4,295 4,855
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 675,180 361,095 314,090
Employee 614,480 322,320 292,165
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 60,700 38,775 21,925
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 684,335 365,395 318,945
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 9,150 4,300 4,855
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 675,185 361,095 314,090
0 Management occupations 73,085 46,100 26,985
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 115,710 32,535 83,175
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 51,550 40,165 11,385
3 Health occupations 45,905 8,915 36,990
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 75,450 28,215 47,235
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 15,830 6,685 9,145
6 Sales and service occupations 145,700 61,045 84,655
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 121,045 112,615 8,430
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 12,195 10,410 1,790
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 18,720 14,410 4,310
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 684,335 365,390 318,940
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 9,150 4,300 4,855
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 675,180 361,095 314,090
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 5,505 3,340 2,160
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 19,150 16,270 2,875
22 Utilities 7,435 5,460 1,970
23 Construction 67,370 57,495 9,870
31-33 Manufacturing 44,620 34,370 10,250
41 Wholesale trade 33,390 23,785 9,610
44-45 Retail trade 76,360 35,240 41,120
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 32,090 23,975 8,110
51 Information and cultural industries 12,465 6,985 5,480
52 Finance and insurance 24,065 8,620 15,445
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 13,580 7,420 6,155
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 47,565 26,620 20,950
55 Management of companies and enterprises 640 255 380
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 23,410 12,720 10,690
61 Educational services 51,235 17,500 33,735
62 Health care and social assistance 72,585 12,800 59,790
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 11,465 5,695 5,770
72 Accommodation and food services 41,675 16,770 24,910
81 Other services (except public administration) 34,310 16,695 17,620
91 Public administration 56,275 29,085 27,195
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 684,335 365,390 318,940
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 30,025 14,320 15,705
Worked in 2010 654,310 351,075 303,235
1 to 13 weeks 30,465 13,620 16,845
14 to 26 weeks 51,425 25,435 25,990
27 to 39 weeks 41,025 21,475 19,550
40 to 48 weeks 107,495 57,950 49,540
49 to 52 weeks 423,905 232,595 191,305
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.4 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 684,335 365,390 318,945
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 30,025 14,320 15,710
Worked in 2010 654,310 351,075 303,235
Worked full-time in 2010 533,675 313,010 220,660
Worked part-time in 2010 120,635 38,065 82,570
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 645,810 344,880 300,925
Worked at home 34,175 15,150 19,020
Worked outside Canada 1,825 1,380 445
No fixed workplace address 86,970 66,905 20,060
Worked at usual place 522,840 261,440 261,400
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 609,810 328,350 281,460
Car, truck or van - as a driver 467,670 265,160 202,510
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 33,440 13,995 19,445
Public transit 69,015 28,845 40,165
Walked 24,840 10,870 13,970
Bicycle 6,630 4,670 1,960
Other methods 8,215 4,805 3,410
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 609,810 328,350 281,455
Median commuting duration 20.8 21.0 20.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 609,810 328,350 281,460
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 169,045 114,920 54,125
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 323,635 157,310 166,325
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 117,130 56,120 61,005
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 450,800 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 421,465 ... ...
Major repairs needed 29,330 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 450,795 ... ...
1960 or before 65,110 ... ...
1961 to 1980 156,025 ... ...
1981 to 1990 65,590 ... ...
1991 to 2000 57,495 ... ...
2001 to 2005 52,570 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 54,010 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 450,800 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 113,775 ... ...
5 rooms 67,150 ... ...
6 rooms 62,865 ... ...
7 rooms 58,395 ... ...
8 or more rooms 148,605 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 450,800 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 57,180 ... ...
2 bedrooms 96,630 ... ...
3 bedrooms 156,255 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 140,735 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 450,800 ... ...
Owner 318,260 ... ...
Renter 131,935 ... ...
Band housing 605 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 450,800 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 87,475 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 363,325 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 450,800 ... ...
1 household maintainer 257,110 ... ...
2 household maintainers 179,125 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 14,560 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 450,795 ... ...
Under 25 years 22,860 ... ...
25 to 34 years 86,230 ... ...
35 to 44 years 87,020 ... ...
45 to 54 years 100,060 ... ...
55 to 64 years 78,085 ... ...
65 to 74 years 41,945 ... ...
75 years and over 34,590 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 450,800 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 441,890 ... ...
More than one person per room 8,910 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 450,795 ... ...
Suitable 424,875 ... ...
Not suitable 25,920 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 446,670 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 336,815 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 109,860 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 88,340 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 315,725 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 61.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,256 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,312 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 350,128 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 394,904 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 131,850 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 10.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,026 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,078 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 935,285 465,305 469,980
Without income 43,550 18,705 24,845
With income 891,730 446,605 445,130
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 83,230 37,950 45,285
$5,000 to $9,999 53,490 18,010 35,475
$10,000 to $14,999 67,740 25,185 42,550
$15,000 to $19,999 64,640 24,265 40,370
$20,000 to $29,999 107,230 42,525 64,710
$30,000 to $39,999 94,415 41,225 53,190
$40,000 to $49,999 88,670 41,595 47,075
$50,000 to $59,999 75,755 40,635 35,115
$60,000 to $79,999 104,665 65,015 39,650
$80,000 to $99,999 67,150 44,225 22,925
$100,000 and over 84,760 65,965 18,790
$100,000 to $124,999 40,700 30,005 10,695
$125,000 and over 44,060 35,960 8,100
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,243 48,112 28,870
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 49,266 61,001 37,492
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 935,285 465,310 469,975
Without after-tax income 43,745 18,710 25,035
With after-tax income 891,535 446,595 444,940
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 84,540 38,295 46,240
$5,000 to $9,999 54,670 18,370 36,300
$10,000 to $14,999 69,305 25,880 43,420
$15,000 to $19,999 69,320 25,980 43,340
$20,000 to $29,999 125,780 50,545 75,235
$30,000 to $39,999 118,790 54,750 64,040
$40,000 to $49,999 107,845 56,390 51,455
$50,000 to $59,999 78,350 46,875 31,475
$60,000 to $79,999 99,675 65,260 34,415
$80,000 to $99,999 42,810 31,410 11,395
$100,000 and over 40,455 32,835 7,620
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,503 41,676 26,750
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 40,901 49,478 32,292
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 92.3 95.0 88.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 81.3 84.1 76.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 78.5 81.1 74.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.8 3.0 2.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.3 5.2 5.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.3 4.5 4.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.1 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 7.7 5.0 12.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.3 1.9 3.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.8 1.2 2.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.8 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.1 1.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.0 18.9 13.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.0 81.1 86.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.8 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 372,230 216,180 156,050
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 56,388 64,690 47,792
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 66,843 76,420 53,575
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 314,545 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,557 ... ...
Average family income ($) 114,150 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,900 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 94,532 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 112,325 ... ...
Median family income ($) 87,503 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,741 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 75,144 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,107 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 145,580 ... ...
Median family income ($) 117,178 ... ...
Average family income ($) 136,316 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 99,199 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 112,154 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 44,095 ... ...
Median family income ($) 54,618 ... ...
Average family income ($) 66,574 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 50,332 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,067 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 178,850 93,605 85,250
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,208 41,710 30,877
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,877 49,545 39,753
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,414 36,360 28,565
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,631 40,851 34,095
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,139,585 569,500 570,085
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 434,255 205,895 228,360
In bottom decile 95,280 45,555 49,720
In second decile 73,760 33,010 40,755
In third decile 81,985 38,140 43,840
In fourth decile 87,100 42,265 44,840
In fifth decile 96,130 46,915 49,215
In top half of the Canadian distribution 705,325 363,605 341,720
In sixth decile 104,575 51,890 52,680
In seventh decile 118,755 60,235 58,520
In eighth decile 134,085 69,465 64,625
In ninth decile 154,495 79,870 74,625
In top decile 193,415 102,145 91,270
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 450,800 ... ...
Under $5,000 12,585 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,055 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 13,590 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 28,820 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 32,230 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 31,480 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,505 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 59,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 53,795 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 53,440 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 38,205 ... ...
$150,000 and over 77,140 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 450,800 ... ...
Under $5,000 12,835 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,490 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,215 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,230 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 32,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 38,115 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 41,205 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,865 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 73,250 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 57,610 ... ...
$100,000 and over 125,370 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 51,265 ... ...
$125,000 and over 74,105 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 450,800 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 79,075 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 97,454 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,226 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 80,890 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 116,000 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 40,188 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 49,853 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 35,367 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 41,512 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 334,795 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 95,818 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 113,947 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 82,137 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 94,534 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,136,470 567,910 568,560
Less than 18 years 246,535 125,995 120,535
Less than 6 years 86,895 43,680 43,215
18 to 64 years 771,660 388,105 383,555
65 years and over 118,280 53,805 64,470
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 122,195 56,905 65,285
Less than 18 years 34,180 17,195 16,985
Less than 6 years 12,695 6,350 6,355
18 to 64 years 79,980 37,515 42,470
65 years and over 8,030 2,195 5,835
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.8 10.0 11.5
Less than 18 years (%) 13.9 13.6 14.1
Less than 6 years (%) 14.6 14.5 14.7
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 9.7 11.1
65 years and over (%) 6.8 4.1 9.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Edmonton, CMA, Alberta (Code 835) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 14, 2021).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Edmonton, CMA, Alberta

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Census data

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Census data, Edmonton, CMA, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton, CMA
Alberta
(Census metropolitan area)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,159,869 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 1,034,945 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 12.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 482,249 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 450,786 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 123.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 9,426.73 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,159,875 578,975 580,895
0 to 4 years 73,645 37,625 36,020
5 to 9 years 65,070 33,355 31,715
10 to 14 years 66,200 34,080 32,120
15 to 19 years 74,250 37,730 36,520
15 years 14,315 7,350 6,970
16 years 14,305 7,325 6,980
17 years 14,700 7,560 7,140
18 years 14,980 7,525 7,460
19 years 15,945 7,970 7,970
20 to 24 years 90,005 45,795 44,210
25 to 29 years 97,125 49,560 47,560
30 to 34 years 88,235 44,850 43,385
35 to 39 years 81,150 40,985 40,165
40 to 44 years 81,150 40,900 40,245
45 to 49 years 88,690 44,225 44,470
50 to 54 years 88,315 44,430 43,885
55 to 59 years 74,895 37,545 37,350
60 to 64 years 58,895 29,165 29,730
65 to 69 years 40,280 19,595 20,685
70 to 74 years 30,710 14,375 16,330
75 to 79 years 24,870 11,135 13,730
80 to 84 years 19,205 8,055 11,155
85 years and over 17,185 5,575 11,610
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.5 35.8 37.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.3 81.9 82.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 954,960 473,920 481,040
Married or living with a common-law partner 545,660 273,645 272,010
Married (and not separated) 462,840 232,215 230,630
Living common law 82,815 41,435 41,380
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 409,305 200,275 209,025
Single (never legally married) 282,270 156,685 125,580
Separated 23,665 10,385 13,280
Divorced 59,735 24,765 34,965
Widowed 43,630 8,430 35,205
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 316,575 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 152,855 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 69,535 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 65,275 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 28,905 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 316,575 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 266,225 ... ...
Married couples 224,885 ... ...
Without children at home 95,745 ... ...
With children at home 129,140 ... ...
1 child 47,815 ... ...
2 children 56,375 ... ...
3 or more children 24,950 ... ...
Common-law couples 41,340 ... ...
Without children at home 26,280 ... ...
With children at home 15,060 ... ...
1 child 7,860 ... ...
2 children 4,840 ... ...
3 or more children 2,355 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 50,355 ... ...
Female parent 39,040 ... ...
1 child 23,210 ... ...
2 children 11,035 ... ...
3 or more children 4,790 ... ...
Male parent 11,315 ... ...
1 child 7,620 ... ...
2 children 2,835 ... ...
3 or more children 860 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 347,600 ... ...
Under six years of age 85,945 ... ...
6 to 14 years 116,280 ... ...
15 to 17 years 41,405 ... ...
18 to 24 years 69,780 ... ...
25 years and over 34,180 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,139,485 570,020 569,465
Number of persons not in census families 209,085 108,630 100,455
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 30,605 14,570 16,035
Living with non-relatives only 61,565 36,865 24,700
Living alone 116,920 57,195 59,720
Number of census family persons 930,395 461,390 469,010
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 119,025 54,655 64,370
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 38,180 11,100 27,080
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,740 1,290 4,450
Living with non-relatives only 2,390 1,195 1,195
Living alone 30,045 8,610 21,435
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 80,845 43,560 37,285
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 450,785 ... ...
Census-family households 307,015 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 274,565 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 236,880 ... ...
Without children 108,195 ... ...
With children 128,685 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 37,685 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 32,450 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 23,415 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 15,915 ... ...
Without children 6,500 ... ...
With children 9,415 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,500 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 9,030 ... ...
Non-census-family households 143,775 ... ...
One-person households 116,920 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 26,855 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 450,785 ... ...
Single-detached house 264,295 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 26,255 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 7,260 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 152,980 ... ...
Semi-detached house 22,655 ... ...
Row house 36,890 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 8,910 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 84,295 ... ...
Other single-attached house 235 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 450,785 ... ...
1 person 116,915 ... ...
2 persons 151,525 ... ...
3 persons 73,630 ... ...
4 persons 67,700 ... ...
5 persons 26,610 ... ...
6 or more persons 14,410 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,139,480 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,146,600 572,970 573,630
  Single responses  1,123,635 562,005 561,635
    English  854,215 431,190 423,025
    French  24,880 12,740 12,135
    Non-official languages  244,540 118,075 126,465
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 2,510 1,025 1,490
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  2,105 860 1,240
        Dene  120 40 75
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  35 10 30
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 5
        Ojibway  100 45 55
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  145 70 75
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 239,060 115,625 123,440
        African languages, n.i.e 1,030 575 455
        Afrikaans  425 215 210
        Akan (Twi)  510 280 230
        Albanian  520 285 240
        Amharic  1,670 840 825
        Arabic  11,815 6,425 5,390
        Armenian  105 55 50
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 585 280 305
        Bengali  1,530 825 710
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  1,135 480 650
        Bosnian  685 345 345
        Bulgarian  370 180 195
        Burmese  95 55 45
        Cantonese  13,595 6,375 7,220
        Chinese, n.o.s.  19,270 9,235 10,035
        Creoles  575 285 290
        Croatian  1,485 740 750
        Czech  855 420 435
        Danish  850 415 440
        Dutch  4,805 2,370 2,430
        Estonian  45 25 20
        Finnish  250 105 145
        Flemish  95 55 45
        Fukien  215 100 110
        German  16,530 7,845 8,685
        Greek  965 515 450
        Gujarati  3,435 1,690 1,745
        Hakka  215 90 125
        Hebrew  325 180 145
        Hindi  6,215 3,130 3,085
        Hungarian  1,740 885 855
        Ilocano  1,005 420 585
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 180 90 85
        Italian  5,255 2,635 2,615
        Japanese  1,005 325 675
        Khmer (Cambodian)  680 305 380
        Korean  4,335 1,985 2,350
        Kurdish  510 280 225
        Lao  375 195 180
        Latvian  120 60 60
        Lingala  95 50 50
        Lithuanian  110 50 65
        Macedonian  125 65 65
        Malay  380 170 210
        Malayalam  1,350 680 670
        Maltese  30 10 10
        Mandarin  7,295 3,465 3,825
        Marathi  300 155 145
        Nepali  525 290 240
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 680 385 295
        Norwegian  240 105 140
        Oromo  485 275 205
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  19,405 9,895 9,515
        Pashto  500 265 235
        Persian (Farsi)  3,525 1,840 1,685
        Polish  9,335 4,365 4,970
        Portuguese  4,150 2,055 2,100
        Romanian  2,110 1,035 1,070
        Rundi (Kirundi)  140 65 75
        Russian  4,290 1,990 2,300
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  355 170 185
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 220 115 105
        Serbian  1,515 770 745
        Serbo-Croatian  340 170 175
        Shanghainese  55 20 35
        Sign languages, n.i.e 200 105 95
        Sindhi  865 400 470
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  900 485 410
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 305 165 140
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 150 70 85
        Slovak  590 285 300
        Slovenian  335 160 175
        Somali  3,505 1,725 1,780
        Spanish  14,275 7,255 7,020
        Swahili  730 405 325
        Swedish  290 135 160
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  22,120 9,465 12,650
        Taiwanese  140 60 80
        Tamil  1,070 580 490
        Telugu  455 235 215
        Thai  445 135 305
        Tibetan languages  5 10 0
        Tigrigna  995 510 490
        Turkish  1,335 755 580
        Ukrainian  13,465 5,865 7,590
        Urdu  5,820 3,010 2,810
        Vietnamese  8,000 3,705 4,300
        Yiddish  65 30 35
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,965 1,420 1,540
  Multiple responses          22,965 10,965 11,995
    English and French  3,030 1,420 1,605
    English and non-official language  18,395 8,805 9,595
    French and non-official language  1,080 520 555
    English, French and non-official language 460 215 240
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,146,600 572,970 573,630
  English only 1,045,145 526,740 518,405
  French only 1,310 565 745
  English and French 83,645 39,195 44,455
  Neither English nor French 16,500 6,480 10,025
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,146,600 572,975 573,625
  English 1,101,745 552,015 549,730
  French 24,010 12,335 11,675
  English and French 4,785 2,365 2,420
  Neither English nor French 16,060 6,250 9,810
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 26,400 13,520 12,885
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.3 2.4 2.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,146,600 572,975 573,630
  Single responses 1,104,225 552,290 551,935
    English 967,735 485,290 482,445
    French 9,055 4,605 4,445
    Non-official languages 127,435 62,395 65,035
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 460 205 255
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 385 180 210
        Dene 20 10 15
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 10 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 20 5 15
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 25 10 15
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 125,890 61,640 64,250
        African languages, n.i.e. 575 310 260
        Afrikaans 200 105 95
        Akan (Twi) 205 100 100
        Albanian 260 145 110
        Amharic 1,110 545 565
        Arabic 6,825 3,590 3,235
        Armenian 50 25 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 150 60 85
        Bengali 1,025 535 485
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 15 5 5
        Bisayan languages 390 190 200
        Bosnian 340 175 160
        Bulgarian 250 120 130
        Burmese 40 25 15
        Cantonese 9,550 4,415 5,135
        Chinese, n.o.s. 12,590 5,990 6,595
        Creoles 340 170 170
        Croatian 530 230 300
        Czech 225 115 110
        Danish 50 25 25
        Dutch 325 155 175
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 30 15 20
        Flemish 15 5 5
        Fukien 70 25 40
        German 2,545 1,195 1,355
        Greek 315 155 165
        Gujarati 2,030 975 1,055
        Hakka 90 40 50
        Hebrew 135 75 60
        Hindi 3,630 1,820 1,805
        Hungarian 490 230 265
        Ilocano 345 160 190
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40
        Italian 1,610 720 885
        Japanese 425 175 250
        Khmer (Cambodian) 365 160 205
        Korean 3,160 1,500 1,655
        Kurdish 305 165 135
        Lao 180 90 95
        Latvian 35 20 15
        Lingala 20 10 15
        Lithuanian 20 10 10
        Macedonian 50 20 25
        Malay 115 65 55
        Malayalam 740 380 365
        Maltese 0 0 5
        Mandarin 5,635 2,775 2,855
        Marathi 170 90 75
        Nepali 350 185 165
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 205 95 105
        Norwegian 10 5 10
        Oromo 355 195 165
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 14,730 7,460 7,275
        Pashto 335 175 160
        Persian (Farsi) 2,345 1,175 1,170
        Polish 3,900 1,885 2,010
        Portuguese 1,700 805 895
        Romanian 1,260 625 635
        Rundi (Kirundi) 65 20 45
        Russian 2,620 1,300 1,325
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 190 100 90
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50
        Serbian 815 420 395
        Serbo-Croatian 165 85 75
        Shanghainese 20 15 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 280 180 95
        Sindhi 370 165 210
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 460 250 205
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 230 130 105
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30
        Slovak 155 75 80
        Slovenian 55 20 30
        Somali 2,650 1,275 1,375
        Spanish 8,445 4,290 4,155
        Swahili 305 160 140
        Swedish 35 15 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 12,100 5,715 6,380
        Taiwanese 55 25 35
        Tamil 615 325 295
        Telugu 265 140 125
        Thai 165 80 85
        Tibetan languages 0 5 0
        Tigrigna 625 310 315
        Turkish 960 505 455
        Ukrainian 1,885 860 1,025
        Urdu 3,855 1,965 1,895
        Vietnamese 5,540 2,600 2,940
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,080 550 530
  Multiple responses         42,375 20,680 21,700
    English and French 1,900 980 925
    English and non-official language 39,400 19,185 20,210
    French and non-official language 390 195 195
    English, French and non-official language 690 320 365
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,146,600 572,970 573,630
  None 992,685 497,975 494,710
  Single responses  151,130 73,640 77,490
    English  58,470 29,245 29,225
    French  12,835 5,970 6,860
    Non-official languages  79,830 38,425 41,405
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,860 780 1,080
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  1,635 700 935
        Dene  70 20 50
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 5 15
        Mi'kmaq  10 10 5
        Ojibway  65 30 40
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  55 20 35
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 76,295 36,855 39,440
        African languages, n.i.e 265 165 105
        Afrikaans  200 105 95
        Akan (Twi)  300 165 135
        Albanian  130 70 60
        Amharic  510 280 230
        Arabic  5,905 3,165 2,740
        Armenian  25 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 255 120 135
        Bengali  365 205 160
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  285 110 175
        Bosnian  260 125 130
        Bulgarian  75 30 40
        Burmese  45 30 20
        Cantonese  3,745 1,830 1,915
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,190 2,080 2,110
        Creoles  360 190 170
        Croatian  585 315 270
        Czech  305 150 155
        Danish  285 115 170
        Dutch  1,480 680 805
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  100 45 50
        Flemish  20 5 10
        Fukien  70 35 40
        German  5,470 2,535 2,930
        Greek  555 280 275
        Gujarati  1,095 540 555
        Hakka  60 25 35
        Hebrew  275 135 135
        Hindi  3,280 1,710 1,575
        Hungarian  515 265 255
        Ilocano  260 100 160
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Italian  2,380 1,190 1,195
        Japanese  595 250 340
        Khmer (Cambodian)  225 110 120
        Korean  855 390 470
        Kurdish  135 75 60
        Lao  120 70 55
        Latvian  25 15 15
        Lingala  165 90 75
        Lithuanian  35 15 15
        Macedonian  55 30 35
        Malay  150 75 75
        Malayalam  490 240 250
        Maltese  10 5 0
        Mandarin  1,695 755 935
        Marathi  70 30 35
        Nepali  100 60 40
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 455 255 205
        Norwegian  105 40 60
        Oromo  85 50 40
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,580 1,825 1,755
        Pashto  110 55 50
        Persian (Farsi)  770 415 355
        Polish  2,910 1,325 1,585
        Portuguese  1,800 885 915
        Romanian  500 240 265
        Rundi (Kirundi)  70 40 25
        Russian  1,325 610 720
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  165 80 85
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 80 40 35
        Serbian  535 270 265
        Serbo-Croatian  105 45 60
        Shanghainese  10 10 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 265 120 150
        Sindhi  400 180 215
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  400 215 185
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 30 20 15
        Slovak  175 90 85
        Slovenian  135 70 70
        Somali  885 435 455
        Spanish  6,120 3,105 3,015
        Swahili  575 300 275
        Swedish  135 65 65
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  6,575 2,535 4,040
        Taiwanese  50 25 25
        Tamil  365 195 170
        Telugu  130 75 60
        Thai  245 85 160
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  335 175 160
        Turkish  320 190 135
        Ukrainian  4,310 1,875 2,435
        Urdu  1,650 845 805
        Vietnamese  2,055 970 1,080
        Yiddish  20 15 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,675 790 885
  Multiple responses          2,785 1,360 1,435
    English and French  390 200 190
    English and non-official language  1,065 540 525
    French and non-official language  1,300 595 705
    English, French and non-official language  30 20 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Edmonton, CMA, Alberta (Code 835) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 14, 2021).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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