NHS Profile, Halifax, RGM, Nova Scotia, 2011

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NHS data, Halifax, RGM, Nova Scotia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halifax, RGM
Nova Scotia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 384,335 186,175 198,160
Canadian citizens 369,160 178,220 190,940
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,565 36,175 34,395
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 298,590 142,040 156,555
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 15,170 7,955 7,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 384,330 186,175 198,160
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 348,350 167,545 180,805
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 31,245 15,980 15,270
Before 1971 6,765 3,330 3,430
1971 to 1980 4,340 2,185 2,160
1981 to 1990 3,345 1,730 1,610
1991 to 2000 4,950 2,525 2,420
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,855 6,205 5,645
2001 to 2005 3,550 1,770 1,780
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,305 4,430 3,865
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 4,735 2,650 2,085
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 31,245 15,980 15,270
Under 5 years 4,390 2,230 2,165
5 to 14 years 5,805 3,155 2,650
15 to 24 years 6,345 3,270 3,080
25 to 44 years 12,500 6,115 6,380
45 years and over 2,200 1,205 990
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 384,330 186,175 198,160
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 348,350 167,545 180,805
Born in province of residence 255,585 122,195 133,390
Born outside province of residence 92,765 45,350 47,415
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 31,245 15,980 15,270
Americas 5,425 2,630 2,790
United States 3,550 1,700 1,855
Jamaica 80 65 15
Guyana 130 65 65
Haiti 35 0 0
Mexico 130 65 70
Trinidad and Tobago 155 75 75
Colombia 250 105 145
El Salvador 40 20 20
Peru 90 55 40
Chile 45 0 30
Other places of birth in Americas 905 460 445
Europe 11,590 5,785 5,800
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 6,185 3,040 3,140
Italy 405 235 170
Germany 970 485 490
Poland 465 200 265
Portugal 95 45 45
Netherlands 485 255 230
France 235 115 115
Romania 135 40 95
Russian Federation 435 270 170
Greece 300 185 120
Ukraine 190 85 105
Croatia 145 60 85
Hungary 125 70 55
Bosnia and Herzegovina 155 95 60
Serbia 30 0 15
Ireland, Republic of 355 150 205
Other places of birth in Europe 890 445 445
Africa 2,370 1,275 1,090
Morocco 50 30 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 535 260 270
South Africa, Republic of 230 115 110
Nigeria 200 155 50
Ethiopia 145 65 80
Kenya 90 55 40
Other places of birth in Africa 1,100 575 525
Asia 11,620 6,155 5,465
India 1,190 655 535
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,325 620 705
Philippines 985 445 540
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 265 100 165
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 380 185 195
Pakistan 310 180 130
Sri Lanka 145 65 75
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 885 495 385
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 525 280 245
Lebanon 1,370 765 605
Taiwan 395 215 180
Iraq 390 195 195
Bangladesh 200 110 90
Afghanistan 260 100 160
Japan 115 25 90
Turkey 165 90 75
Other places of birth in Asia 2,725 1,620 1,100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 250 130 120
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 240 120 115
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 4,740 2,655 2,085
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,300 4,430 3,870
Americas 1,105 545 565
United States 540 250 290
Mexico 55 25 25
Cuba 110 65 45
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 140 60 80
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 10 25
Other places of birth in Americas 185 105 75
Europe 1,605 855 755
France 50 25 20
Germany 80 35 40
Poland 30 0 20
Romania 25 10 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 190 115 70
Ukraine 65 25 40
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 900 495 405
Other places of birth in Europe 275 130 145
Africa 870 450 415
Nigeria 65 40 30
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 250 120 130
Morocco 35 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 30 0 30
South Africa, Republic of 30 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 440 235 205
Asia 4,670 2,560 2,115
Philippines 625 295 335
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 525 275 255
India 430 260 175
Pakistan 45 35 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 635 350 280
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 225 120 105
Sri Lanka 80 45 0
Iraq 210 85 120
Bangladesh 180 90 85
Lebanon 190 120 75
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 45 0 30
Taiwan 220 120 95
Afghanistan 35 25 0
Japan 45 0 45
Turkey 60 45 20
Israel 65 50 20
Nepal 55 25 25
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 15 10
United Arab Emirates 50 0 0
Saudi Arabia 110 85 20
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 55 40 0
Other places of birth in Asia 750 435 310
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 45 25 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 384,330 186,175 198,160
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 37,640 19,460 18,180
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 34,905 17,025 17,875
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 311,785 149,685 162,100
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 384,330 186,175 198,160
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 35,040 17,860 17,185
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,995 2,140 1,855
Chinese 4,620 2,410 2,210
Black 13,780 6,805 6,970
Filipino 1,320 560 760
Latin American 1,025 515 510
Arab 5,525 3,255 2,270
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 900 430 470
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,205 645 565
Korean 845 345 500
Japanese 290 110 180
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 445 190 255
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,090 450 640
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 349,295 168,320 180,975
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 384,330 186,175 198,160
North American Aboriginal origins 17,665 8,145 9,520
First Nations (North American Indian) 14,050 6,425 7,630
Inuit 715 315 405
Métis 3,270 1,605 1,660
Other North American origins 151,025 72,940 78,085
Acadian 8,045 3,780 4,265
American 3,830 1,915 1,920
Canadian 141,235 68,125 73,105
New Brunswicker 30 0 25
Newfoundlander 1,155 620 540
Nova Scotian 705 310 395
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 110 55 55
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 70 30 0
European origins 277,675 132,530 145,145
British Isles origins 230,360 109,430 120,925
Channel Islander 25 0 15
Cornish 30 25 0
English 122,415 58,375 64,040
Irish 93,435 43,345 50,095
Manx 80 40 40
Scottish 109,560 51,215 58,345
Welsh 8,595 4,210 4,385
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 10,290 4,615 5,680
French origins 63,195 29,600 33,595
Alsatian 20 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 63,165 29,595 33,570
Western European origins (except French origins) 55,185 26,445 28,735
Austrian 875 485 395
Belgian 1,245 585 660
Dutch 13,335 6,200 7,135
Flemish 150 80 70
Frisian 0 0 0
German 43,710 20,955 22,755
Luxembourger 25 0 0
Swiss 1,145 600 545
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 60 35 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 7,905 3,785 4,120
Danish 2,000 905 1,090
Finnish 660 320 340
Icelandic 380 205 170
Norwegian 2,715 1,425 1,285
Swedish 2,090 830 1,260
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 425 235 195
Eastern European origins 14,305 6,810 7,485
Bulgarian 250 130 125
Byelorussian 40 35 10
Czech 605 335 270
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 250 110 140
Estonian 175 75 100
Hungarian 1,305 665 640
Latvian 155 65 90
Lithuanian 500 205 300
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 4,945 2,270 2,670
Romanian 675 285 390
Russian 2,475 1,335 1,140
Slovak 285 140 145
Ukrainian 4,475 2,025 2,445
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 110 65 45
Southern European origins 14,260 6,885 7,375
Albanian 60 0 0
Bosnian 160 90 65
Croatian 390 145 240
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,985 1,070 920
Italian 6,695 3,205 3,490
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 20 15 0
Maltese 135 80 55
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 2,150 1,100 1,055
Serbian 235 100 130
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 165 65 95
Spanish 2,470 1,015 1,450
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 310 205 105
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 3,480 1,755 1,725
Basque 85 55 30
Jewish 2,415 1,225 1,190
Roma (Gypsy) 30 0 20
Slavic, n.o.s. 35 0 20
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 965 470 495
Caribbean origins 2,695 1,355 1,340
Antiguan 30 0 0
Bahamian 20 0 0
Barbadian 495 235 260
Bermudan 140 35 100
Carib 30 0 20
Cuban 275 185 90
Dominican 45 10 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 115 70 45
Jamaican 785 420 365
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 15 0 0
St. Lucian 40 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 205 125 85
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 345 125 220
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 205 85 120
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,755 855 900
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 140 70 75
Argentinian 95 25 65
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 90 20 70
Chilean 45 20 25
Colombian 280 125 155
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 65 50 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 175 90 90
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 390 200 190
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 20 0 0
Peruvian 75 35 45
Salvadorean 85 45 50
Uruguayan 10 0 0
Venezuelan 95 20 80
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 265 190 80
African origins 10,240 5,330 4,915
Central and West African origins 815 570 250
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 45 35 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 85 45 40
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 160 110 50
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 25 15 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 320 235 95
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 35 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 45 25 25
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 65 65 0
North African origins 1,395 750 645
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 80 45 30
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 805 410 395
Libyan 335 190 150
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 125 60 60
Sudanese 65 45 25
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 85 40 50
Southern and East African origins 1,465 780 690
Afrikaner 145 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 60 0 35
Ethiopian 185 95 90
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 65 40 25
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 35 25 0
Oromo 90 0 55
Rwandan 90 0 70
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 280 165 115
South African 225 105 125
Tanzanian 10 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 50 35 15
Zambian 160 70 90
Zimbabwean 20 15 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 110 75 35
Other African origins 6,685 3,310 3,380
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,005 405 595
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 5,765 2,915 2,850
Asian origins 24,015 12,505 11,510
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 10,935 5,955 4,985
Afghan 350 155 195
Arab, n.o.s. 1,250 815 435
Armenian 315 205 110
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 15 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 1,130 625 505
Iraqi 350 130 225
Israeli 35 15 20
Jordanian 350 220 125
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 55 35 20
Kuwaiti 265 155 110
Lebanese 4,550 2,375 2,170
Palestinian 575 310 260
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 425 260 165
Syrian 520 205 315
Tajik 25 0 25
Tatar 25 20 0
Turk 405 225 180
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 135 85 45
Yemeni 225 130 90
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 400 235 160
South Asian origins 4,675 2,475 2,195
Bangladeshi 235 130 100
Bengali 50 25 25
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,585 1,935 1,655
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 25 0 0
Nepali 165 85 85
Pakistani 415 195 220
Punjabi 15 0 0
Sinhalese 15 0 10
Sri Lankan 240 145 95
Tamil 35 20 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 65 35 30
East and Southeast Asian origins 8,570 4,140 4,425
Burmese 55 0 40
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 5,375 2,805 2,565
Filipino 1,490 605 885
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 85 30 50
Japanese 400 125 270
Korean 1,035 435 600
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 25 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 195 95 100
Thai 25 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 460 215 240
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 10 0 10
Other Asian origins 120 60 60
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 120 60 60
Oceania origins 370 225 145
Australian 245 170 75
New Zealander 110 50 60
Pacific Islands origins 20 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 15 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 384,335 186,175 198,160
Buddhist 1,590 825 765
Christian 274,780 127,320 147,460
Anglican 50,470 23,930 26,540
Baptist 22,625 10,125 12,505
Catholic 121,300 56,360 64,935
Christian Orthodox 2,645 1,470 1,170
Lutheran 2,800 1,405 1,400
Pentecostal 3,830 1,665 2,160
Presbyterian 5,300 2,535 2,765
United Church 42,340 18,895 23,445
Other Christian 23,470 10,935 12,535
Hindu 1,540 800 740
Jewish 1,340 630 715
Muslim 7,535 4,205 3,330
Sikh 350 180 170
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 45 15 30
Other religions 1,515 620 895
No religious affiliation 95,630 51,575 44,055
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 384,330 186,175 198,160
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 9,585 4,480 5,110
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,765 2,610 3,160
Métis single identity 3,095 1,565 1,530
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 265 125 140
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 60 30 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 400 150 245
Non-Aboriginal identity 374,745 181,695 193,050
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 384,335 186,175 198,160
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,180 975 1,205
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 382,155 185,200 196,950
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 384,335 186,175 198,160
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 17,665 8,145 9,515
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 14,050 6,420 7,630
Métis ancestry 3,270 1,610 1,665
Inuit ancestry 720 320 400
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 366,665 178,030 188,640
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 32,025 16,050 15,980
Aboriginal languages 110 70 45
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 95 55 40
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,920 15,985 15,935
Italian 1,035 460 575
Portuguese 360 180 180
Romanian 160 70 90
Spanish 4,025 1,740 2,285
Dutch 660 345 315
Flemish 40 0 35
German 2,805 1,335 1,470
Yiddish 45 25 20
Danish 130 80 55
Norwegian 225 135 95
Swedish 105 40 60
Afrikaans 150 65 85
Gaelic languages 280 140 145
Bosnian 85 45 35
Bulgarian 65 20 40
Croatian 200 95 115
Czech 130 75 55
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 625 290 335
Russian 1,160 715 445
Serbian 90 30 55
Serbo-Croatian 115 65 40
Slovak 50 0 40
Slovenian 25 0 0
Ukrainian 225 115 115
Latvian 15 0 0
Lithuanian 40 0 35
Greek 675 415 260
Armenian 95 60 30
Albanian 50 0 0
Estonian 40 0 25
Finnish 35 0 25
Hungarian 220 105 115
Turkish 335 175 155
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 70 0 0
Somali 95 0 50
Amharic 215 115 100
Arabic 6,945 4,030 2,915
Hebrew 395 230 165
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 35 0 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 410 195 215
Gujarati 40 20 0
Hindi 995 565 435
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 50 25 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 720 380 340
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 90 45
Urdu 505 265 240
Nepali 220 120 100
Kurdish 45 35 10
Pashto 95 55 40
Persian (Farsi) 1,295 695 600
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 0 30
Kannada 80 40 30
Malayalam 140 75 60
Tamil 315 185 130
Telugu 115 45 70
Japanese 440 185 255
Korean 940 420 520
Cantonese 755 405 345
Fukien 95 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,180 590 595
Taiwanese 145 70 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,955 1,020 935
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 15 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 395 190 200
Bisayan languages 125 45 80
Ilocano 35 20 10
Malay 95 35 60
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,125 450 675
Akan (Twi) 60 35 25
Lingala 30 0 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 215 140 75
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 200 85 115
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 50 30
African languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Creoles 120 70 55
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,275 520 755
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 380,445 184,280 196,165
Non-movers 326,575 157,915 168,660
Movers 53,875 26,365 27,505
Non-migrants 37,980 18,445 19,535
Migrants 15,895 7,925 7,970
Internal migrants 12,290 6,025 6,260
Intraprovincial migrants 4,405 2,170 2,230
Interprovincial migrants 7,885 3,855 4,025
External migrants 3,610 1,895 1,710
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 364,410 175,920 188,485
Non-movers 217,370 104,335 113,035
Movers 147,035 71,585 75,450
Non-migrants 93,000 44,750 48,245
Migrants 54,040 26,835 27,205
Internal migrants 41,720 20,480 21,240
Intraprovincial migrants 14,100 6,965 7,140
Interprovincial migrants 27,615 13,510 14,105
External migrants 12,315 6,355 5,960
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 324,850 155,610 169,235
No certificate, diploma or degree 52,050 25,885 26,160
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 78,340 38,170 40,170
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 194,460 91,560 102,905
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 31,935 20,485 11,455
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 61,540 25,830 35,715
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 13,355 5,740 7,615
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 87,625 39,505 48,120
Bachelor's degree 57,175 25,340 31,835
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 30,450 14,165 16,285
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 222,595 106,850 115,745
No certificate, diploma or degree 21,580 11,480 10,105
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 45,590 22,805 22,785
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 155,425 72,565 82,855
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 23,660 15,445 8,215
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 48,475 20,660 27,815
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 10,030 4,125 5,900
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 73,260 32,330 40,930
Bachelor's degree 47,530 20,985 26,545
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 25,725 11,350 14,380
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 324,850 155,610 169,235
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 130,385 64,055 66,330
Education 13,595 3,335 10,260
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,195 2,970 3,230
Humanities 10,905 4,280 6,625
Social and behavioural sciences and law 18,940 5,855 13,085
Business, management and public administration 46,250 15,980 30,265
Physical and life sciences and technologies 9,425 4,730 4,695
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 9,195 5,945 3,255
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 38,140 35,400 2,745
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,950 1,125 825
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 27,475 4,980 22,500
Personal, protective and transportation services 12,355 6,950 5,405
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 324,850 155,610 169,240
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 130,390 64,055 66,330
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 194,460 91,555 102,905
Location of study inside Canada 178,825 83,560 95,265
Same as province or territory of residence 138,920 63,360 75,560
Another province or territory 39,910 20,200 19,705
Location of study outside Canada 15,640 7,995 7,640
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 239,710 120,905 118,805
Single responses 238,630 120,455 118,175
English 236,440 119,710 116,730
French 1,450 365 1,085
Non-official languages 740 375 365
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 55 40
Cantonese 35 0 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 35 0 25
Spanish 45 25 20
Korean 135 95 0
German 30 0 20
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 360 175 190
Multiple responses 1,075 455 630
English and French 655 265 390
English and non-official language 365 170 195
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 0 40
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 239,710 120,905 118,805
English 236,440 119,710 116,725
French 1,450 370 1,085
Non-official language 740 375 365
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 740 375 365
English and French 655 260 390
English and non-official language 365 170 195
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 40 0 40
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 324,850 155,610 169,240
In the labour force 224,510 113,915 110,595
Employed 208,285 105,285 103,000
Unemployed 16,230 8,630 7,595
Not in the labour force 100,335 41,690 58,640
Participation rate 69.1 73.2 65.3
Employment rate 64.1 67.7 60.9
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.6 6.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 224,515 113,920 110,600
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 3,320 1,580 1,740
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 221,195 112,340 108,855
Employee 202,935 100,770 102,165
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 18,260 11,570 6,690
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 224,515 113,915 110,600
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,320 1,580 1,740
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 221,195 112,340 108,855
0 Management occupations 24,455 14,660 9,795
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 38,140 11,215 26,920
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 17,365 14,245 3,120
3 Health occupations 16,010 3,280 12,725
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 31,265 12,310 18,950
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6,605 3,160 3,445
6 Sales and service occupations 55,310 23,910 31,400
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 25,980 24,860 1,120
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,185 1,805 380
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,885 2,890 995
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 224,515 113,920 110,595
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,315 1,580 1,740
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 221,195 112,340 108,855
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,105 895 210
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,035 830 205
22 Utilities 1,330 890 440
23 Construction 13,215 11,560 1,650
31-33 Manufacturing 10,285 7,620 2,660
41 Wholesale trade 8,110 5,985 2,125
44-45 Retail trade 26,150 11,595 14,560
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 9,620 7,565 2,060
51 Information and cultural industries 6,455 3,580 2,870
52 Finance and insurance 10,235 3,810 6,425
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,265 2,345 1,915
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 15,495 8,655 6,845
55 Management of companies and enterprises 140 80 60
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 11,725 6,415 5,315
61 Educational services 18,365 5,905 12,455
62 Health care and social assistance 26,415 5,110 21,300
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,545 2,125 2,420
72 Accommodation and food services 15,165 6,335 8,825
81 Other services (except public administration) 9,160 3,955 5,200
91 Public administration 28,390 17,080 11,315
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 224,515 113,920 110,595
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 8,710 3,930 4,785
Worked in 2010 215,805 109,995 105,815
1 to 13 weeks 9,975 4,580 5,395
14 to 26 weeks 16,825 7,800 9,030
27 to 39 weeks 12,520 5,750 6,770
40 to 48 weeks 28,245 14,350 13,895
49 to 52 weeks 148,235 77,510 70,730
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.3 45.8 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 224,510 113,915 110,595
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 8,715 3,925 4,785
Worked in 2010 215,800 109,995 105,810
Worked full-time in 2010 175,870 95,845 80,025
Worked part-time in 2010 39,930 14,145 25,785
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 208,285 105,285 102,995
Worked at home 11,615 5,765 5,855
Worked outside Canada 785 640 150
No fixed workplace address 21,980 16,505 5,480
Worked at usual place 173,905 82,380 91,520
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 195,885 98,885 97,000
Car, truck or van - as a driver 134,475 72,690 61,780
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 15,490 5,195 10,295
Public transit 24,435 10,270 14,160
Walked 16,705 7,880 8,820
Bicycle 2,210 1,485 725
Other methods 2,575 1,370 1,205
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 195,885 98,890 97,000
Median commuting duration 20.5 20.6 20.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 195,890 98,890 97,000
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 46,745 28,275 18,470
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 111,905 53,275 58,630
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 37,235 17,335 19,900
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 165,045 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 152,785 ... ...
Major repairs needed 12,260 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 165,045 ... ...
1960 or before 37,050 ... ...
1961 to 1980 49,350 ... ...
1981 to 1990 28,800 ... ...
1991 to 2000 24,160 ... ...
2001 to 2005 14,145 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 11,545 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 165,050 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 41,395 ... ...
5 rooms 24,425 ... ...
6 rooms 23,115 ... ...
7 rooms 20,960 ... ...
8 or more rooms 55,145 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 165,045 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 25,625 ... ...
2 bedrooms 41,125 ... ...
3 bedrooms 61,765 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 36,535 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 165,045 ... ...
Owner 103,665 ... ...
Renter 61,380 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 165,045 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 9,635 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 155,410 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 165,045 ... ...
1 household maintainer 93,575 ... ...
2 household maintainers 67,620 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 3,855 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 165,045 ... ...
Under 25 years 9,780 ... ...
25 to 34 years 26,570 ... ...
35 to 44 years 29,610 ... ...
45 to 54 years 37,625 ... ...
55 to 64 years 30,070 ... ...
65 to 74 years 17,575 ... ...
75 years and over 13,810 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 165,045 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 163,955 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,090 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 165,045 ... ...
Suitable 158,150 ... ...
Not suitable 6,895 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 164,740 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 122,945 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 41,790 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 33,650 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 103,620 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 63.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 15.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,068 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,134 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 240,409 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 268,612 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 61,375 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 9.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 819 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 873 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 324,845 155,610 169,240
Without income 13,980 6,230 7,750
With income 310,870 149,385 161,485
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 28,160 13,505 14,655
$5,000 to $9,999 24,470 9,045 15,425
$10,000 to $14,999 26,625 8,850 17,775
$15,000 to $19,999 25,870 10,045 15,825
$20,000 to $29,999 41,695 17,380 24,320
$30,000 to $39,999 39,935 17,205 22,730
$40,000 to $49,999 32,865 16,515 16,350
$50,000 to $59,999 24,650 13,610 11,040
$60,000 to $79,999 34,850 20,945 13,905
$80,000 to $99,999 16,285 10,670 5,620
$100,000 and over 15,465 11,620 3,850
$100,000 to $124,999 7,475 5,395 2,085
$125,000 and over 7,990 6,225 1,765
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,084 39,154 26,736
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 40,461 48,096 33,398
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 324,850 155,610 169,240
Without after-tax income 14,010 6,230 7,780
With after-tax income 310,835 149,380 161,455
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 29,305 13,660 15,640
$5,000 to $9,999 25,575 9,280 16,295
$10,000 to $14,999 27,100 9,310 17,795
$15,000 to $19,999 29,495 11,665 17,835
$20,000 to $29,999 51,595 21,910 29,680
$30,000 to $39,999 48,830 22,875 25,960
$40,000 to $49,999 35,545 19,765 15,780
$50,000 to $59,999 25,535 15,230 10,300
$60,000 to $79,999 24,075 15,345 8,730
$80,000 to $99,999 7,230 5,245 1,990
$100,000 and over 6,545 5,095 1,450
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,637 33,888 24,340
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,210 38,575 28,246
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.9 92.7 86.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.6 76.8 71.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.6 73.7 68.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.0 3.2 2.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.5 5.4 5.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.2 9.1 7.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.3 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.1 7.3 13.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.5 2.9 4.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.6 1.9 3.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.2 1.9
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.2 1.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.9 19.8 15.4
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.1 80.2 84.6
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.7 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 130,710 71,255 59,455
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 46,765 52,691 41,061
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 53,801 59,858 46,540
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 109,020 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,097 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,829 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,939 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,818 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 43,940 ... ...
Median family income ($) 73,140 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,416 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,104 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,000 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 45,270 ... ...
Median family income ($) 104,489 ... ...
Average family income ($) 114,288 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 87,018 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 92,772 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 16,200 ... ...
Median family income ($) 42,926 ... ...
Average family income ($) 50,759 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 39,769 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,372 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 71,080 33,455 37,630
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,986 30,543 26,352
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,577 36,573 32,802
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,316 27,044 24,226
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,937 30,182 27,831
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 384,330 186,175 198,160
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 186,660 87,340 99,325
In bottom decile 41,505 19,120 22,385
In second decile 35,125 15,560 19,565
In third decile 34,005 15,890 18,115
In fourth decile 37,755 17,495 20,265
In fifth decile 38,270 19,270 19,000
In top half of the Canadian distribution 197,675 98,840 98,835
In sixth decile 39,815 19,460 20,350
In seventh decile 41,925 21,090 20,840
In eighth decile 42,700 21,585 21,115
In ninth decile 40,895 20,475 20,415
In top decile 32,345 16,225 16,115
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 165,045 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,020 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,920 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,140 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 13,945 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 15,805 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 14,985 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,050 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 23,700 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 19,040 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,290 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,685 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,600 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 165,045 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,085 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,920 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,070 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,755 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 17,135 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 19,540 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 17,220 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 27,095 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 18,580 ... ...
$100,000 and over 26,870 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,850 ... ...
$125,000 and over 13,020 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 165,045 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 62,069 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 76,210 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,399 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,545 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 46,750 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,626 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,967 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,840 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,222 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 118,295 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 78,664 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 90,928 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 66,919 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 74,528 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 384,335 186,175 198,160
Less than 18 years 73,115 37,600 35,515
Less than 6 years 23,690 12,200 11,495
18 to 64 years 263,720 127,485 136,235
65 years and over 47,500 21,095 26,410
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 57,980 26,185 31,790
Less than 18 years 12,965 6,865 6,100
Less than 6 years 4,815 2,620 2,190
18 to 64 years 39,090 17,230 21,860
65 years and over 5,920 2,095 3,825
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.1 14.1 16.0
Less than 18 years (%) 17.7 18.3 17.2
Less than 6 years (%) 20.3 21.5 19.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 13.5 16.0
65 years and over (%) 12.5 9.9 14.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Halifax, RGM, Nova Scotia (Code 1209034) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 24, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Halifax, RGM, Nova Scotia

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Census data

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Census data, Halifax, RGM, Nova Scotia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halifax, RGM
Nova Scotia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 390,096 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 372,679 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 4.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 177,160 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 165,033 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 71.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 5,490.28 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 390,090 188,585 201,505
0 to 4 years 19,965 10,265 9,705
5 to 9 years 19,155 9,780 9,380
10 to 14 years 20,485 10,520 9,965
15 to 19 years 23,870 12,045 11,825
15 years 4,490 2,205 2,280
16 years 4,490 2,290 2,205
17 years 4,535 2,325 2,210
18 years 4,940 2,555 2,385
19 years 5,415 2,670 2,745
20 to 24 years 31,230 15,630 15,600
25 to 29 years 28,400 13,985 14,415
30 to 34 years 25,925 12,485 13,440
35 to 39 years 26,490 12,745 13,745
40 to 44 years 27,810 13,260 14,550
45 to 49 years 33,100 16,170 16,925
50 to 54 years 31,555 15,265 16,290
55 to 59 years 27,185 12,875 14,310
60 to 64 years 23,895 11,425 12,470
65 to 69 years 16,785 8,025 8,760
70 to 74 years 11,840 5,470 6,370
75 to 79 years 9,125 4,050 5,070
80 to 84 years 6,620 2,620 4,005
85 years and over 6,650 1,980 4,675
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.9 38.8 40.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.7 83.8 85.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 330,490 158,030 172,455
Married or living with a common-law partner 185,635 92,810 92,825
Married (and not separated) 151,740 75,860 75,880
Living common law 33,895 16,950 16,945
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 144,860 65,220 79,630
Single (never legally married) 99,205 50,815 48,390
Separated 9,355 3,970 5,385
Divorced 19,480 7,200 12,280
Widowed 16,815 3,235 13,575
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 109,690 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 58,340 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 24,805 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 19,680 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 6,855 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 109,690 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 91,345 ... ...
Married couples 74,420 ... ...
Without children at home 35,410 ... ...
With children at home 39,015 ... ...
1 child 16,530 ... ...
2 children 16,645 ... ...
3 or more children 5,835 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,920 ... ...
Without children at home 11,370 ... ...
With children at home 5,545 ... ...
1 child 3,090 ... ...
2 children 1,780 ... ...
3 or more children 675 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 18,345 ... ...
Female parent 14,975 ... ...
1 child 9,275 ... ...
2 children 4,295 ... ...
3 or more children 1,405 ... ...
Male parent 3,370 ... ...
1 child 2,290 ... ...
2 children 885 ... ...
3 or more children 195 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 104,965 ... ...
Under six years of age 23,675 ... ...
6 to 14 years 35,535 ... ...
15 to 17 years 13,095 ... ...
18 to 24 years 21,780 ... ...
25 years and over 10,870 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 384,305 186,125 198,180
Number of persons not in census families 78,305 36,255 42,060
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,725 3,155 4,575
Living with non-relatives only 23,440 12,740 10,700
Living alone 47,145 20,355 26,785
Number of census family persons 305,995 149,875 156,125
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 47,625 21,190 26,435
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 16,285 4,405 11,880
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,225 465 1,760
Living with non-relatives only 920 410 510
Living alone 13,140 3,525 9,610
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 31,340 16,785 14,555
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 165,035 ... ...
Census-family households 107,400 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 99,030 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 84,525 ... ...
Without children 43,085 ... ...
With children 41,435 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 14,510 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 8,370 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 6,135 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,845 ... ...
Without children 1,880 ... ...
With children 1,965 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,285 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 2,240 ... ...
Non-census-family households 57,635 ... ...
One-person households 47,145 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 10,490 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 165,030 ... ...
Single-detached house 84,265 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 17,605 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 3,915 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 59,245 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,290 ... ...
Row house 6,165 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,200 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 35,330 ... ...
Other single-attached house 260 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 165,035 ... ...
1 person 47,140 ... ...
2 persons 60,235 ... ...
3 persons 26,980 ... ...
4 persons 21,220 ... ...
5 persons 6,830 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,625 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 384,310 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 386,200 187,040 199,165
  Single responses  382,530 185,245 197,285
    English  348,515 167,925 180,590
    French  10,155 5,015 5,145
    Non-official languages  23,855 12,305 11,550
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 75 35 40
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  55 30 25
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 23,375 12,060 11,315
        African languages, n.i.e 65 35 30
        Afrikaans  45 25 15
        Akan (Twi)  40 20 20
        Albanian  245 125 115
        Amharic  135 70 65
        Arabic  5,175 3,000 2,180
        Armenian  45 25 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 75 45 25
        Bengali  325 180 140
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 5
        Bisayan languages  60 25 40
        Bosnian  85 40 45
        Bulgarian  35 15 20
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  460 210 255
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,195 1,105 1,095
        Creoles  45 20 20
        Croatian  170 90 80
        Czech  125 60 60
        Danish  95 50 45
        Dutch  515 245 270
        Estonian  30 15 15
        Finnish  45 20 20
        Flemish  20 10 10
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  1,250 595 660
        Greek  665 330 335
        Gujarati  85 45 40
        Hakka  5 0 5
        Hebrew  65 40 30
        Hindi  435 220 215
        Hungarian  155 70 85
        Ilocano  20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 40 20 15
        Italian  590 335 265
        Japanese  230 80 150
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 5
        Korean  675 300 375
        Kurdish  75 45 30
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  30 10 20
        Lingala  10 5 5
        Lithuanian  20 5 20
        Macedonian  10 5 10
        Malay  45 15 35
        Malayalam  100 45 50
        Maltese  10 0 0
        Mandarin  810 395 415
        Marathi  25 15 15
        Nepali  215 110 100
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 90 55 40
        Norwegian  80 45 35
        Oromo  35 25 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  295 165 130
        Pashto  60 30 25
        Persian (Farsi)  1,125 600 525
        Polish  580 285 300
        Portuguese  280 145 135
        Romanian  145 70 70
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  695 340 355
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Serbian  100 45 50
        Serbo-Croatian  105 50 55
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 65 35 35
        Sindhi  15 10 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  85 55 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Slovak  90 40 50
        Slovenian  25 10 15
        Somali  35 15 20
        Spanish  1,135 530 600
        Swahili  60 35 30
        Swedish  45 20 30
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  910 415 500
        Taiwanese  35 20 20
        Tamil  200 120 80
        Telugu  110 65 40
        Thai  50 20 30
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  55 25 30
        Turkish  250 145 100
        Ukrainian  150 65 85
        Urdu  400 210 190
        Vietnamese  375 185 190
        Yiddish  20 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 405 210 195
  Multiple responses          3,675 1,790 1,880
    English and French  1,465 680 785
    English and non-official language  1,895 940 955
    French and non-official language  215 110 100
    English, French and non-official language 105 60 45
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 386,200 187,040 199,165
  English only 338,245 165,935 172,305
  French only 380 165 215
  English and French 46,385 20,410 25,970
  Neither English nor French 1,190 520 670
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 386,205 187,040 199,165
  English 374,250 181,160 193,090
  French 9,775 4,890 4,890
  English and French 1,045 500 545
  Neither English nor French 1,130 490 640
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 10,300 5,140 5,165
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.7 2.7 2.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 386,205 187,040 199,165
  Single responses 381,260 184,525 196,735
    English 365,300 176,335 188,960
    French 3,660 1,810 1,850
    Non-official languages 12,305 6,380 5,920
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 5 0
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,130 6,285 5,845
        African languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Afrikaans 15 5 10
        Akan (Twi) 10 10 5
        Albanian 120 60 60
        Amharic 60 30 30
        Arabic 3,025 1,705 1,320
        Armenian 15 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
        Bengali 200 100 95
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 25 10 15
        Bosnian 45 25 25
        Bulgarian 10 0 10
        Burmese 5 0 5
        Cantonese 255 135 120
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,595 830 760
        Creoles 25 10 15
        Croatian 60 30 30
        Czech 35 15 20
        Danish 10 0 5
        Dutch 55 20 30
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 0 5
        Fukien 0 0 5
        German 245 115 130
        Greek 250 105 140
        Gujarati 45 25 20
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 25 15 10
        Hindi 185 100 95
        Hungarian 50 30 25
        Ilocano 5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Italian 140 60 80
        Japanese 105 45 55
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5
        Korean 470 225 250
        Kurdish 55 35 25
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 5 5 0
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 5 0 5
        Macedonian 5 0 5
        Malay 15 10 10
        Malayalam 35 15 15
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 605 310 295
        Marathi 15 5 10
        Nepali 200 105 100
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Norwegian 15 10 5
        Oromo 20 15 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 145 80 65
        Pashto 30 20 15
        Persian (Farsi) 895 460 440
        Polish 185 90 90
        Portuguese 90 40 45
        Romanian 75 35 40
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5
        Russian 455 240 220
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Serbian 50 20 25
        Serbo-Croatian 45 25 25
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 40 40
        Sindhi 5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 25 10 15
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 15 5 10
        Spanish 570 275 300
        Swahili 20 10 10
        Swedish 5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 415 210 205
        Taiwanese 15 5 5
        Tamil 105 60 40
        Telugu 45 30 20
        Thai 15 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 30 15 15
        Turkish 140 70 65
        Ukrainian 15 5 10
        Urdu 215 100 120
        Vietnamese 230 120 110
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 165 90 75
  Multiple responses         4,945 2,510 2,425
    English and French 830 405 425
    English and non-official language 3,880 1,990 1,890
    French and non-official language 90 45 45
    English, French and non-official language 140 70 70
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 386,205 187,040 199,165
  None 361,280 174,810 186,465
  Single responses  24,350 11,950 12,400
    English  7,935 4,125 3,810
    French  7,680 3,420 4,260
    Non-official languages  8,740 4,405 4,330
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 85 35 50
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 5
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  75 30 40
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,325 4,220 4,105
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Afrikaans  20 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  25 15 10
        Albanian  90 45 45
        Amharic  35 20 20
        Arabic  1,705 1,000 710
        Armenian  20 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 40 20 15
        Bengali  75 50 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  15 5 5
        Bosnian  35 15 15
        Bulgarian  20 10 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  155 75 80
        Chinese, n.o.s.  365 160 200
        Creoles  45 15 30
        Croatian  55 25 30
        Czech  35 15 15
        Danish  30 15 15
        Dutch  190 80 105
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  640 305 335
        Greek  380 195 185
        Gujarati  30 10 15
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  70 40 30
        Hindi  265 140 125
        Hungarian  60 25 35
        Ilocano  10 0 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  285 150 135
        Japanese  145 60 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  150 65 85
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  15 10 5
        Lingala  10 0 5
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  20 0 15
        Malayalam  45 15 25
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  180 90 90
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Norwegian  40 20 20
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  100 50 50
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  185 110 75
        Polish  200 105 95
        Portuguese  130 60 65
        Romanian  50 25 25
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 0
        Russian  185 90 95
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  35 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian  45 20 25
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 105 40 70
        Sindhi  5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  40 25 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  45 20 30
        Slovenian  15 5 5
        Somali  15 10 5
        Spanish  730 335 395
        Swahili  60 35 25
        Swedish  35 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  325 130 195
        Taiwanese  15 5 5
        Tamil  80 45 35
        Telugu  30 20 10
        Thai  20 5 15
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 5 10
        Turkish  100 55 45
        Ukrainian  45 20 30
        Urdu  145 75 70
        Vietnamese  80 45 40
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 325 155 175
  Multiple responses          575 270 305
    English and French  70 35 40
    English and non-official language  150 75 75
    French and non-official language  345 165 180
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Halifax, RGM, Nova Scotia (Code 1209034) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 24, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Halifax, Regional municipality (Census Subdivision), Nova Scotia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Halifax, RGM, Nova Scotia (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Halifax, Regional municipality (Census Subdivision), Nova Scotia

2011 Census