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NHS Profile, Windsor, CY, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Windsor, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 208,015 101,255 106,760
Canadian citizens 194,300 94,965 99,335
Canadian citizens aged under 18 42,085 21,905 20,180
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 152,220 73,060 79,160
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 13,715 6,290 7,425
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 208,020 101,260 106,765
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 148,860 72,995 75,870
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 56,355 26,650 29,705
Before 1971 12,475 5,660 6,815
1971 to 1980 5,990 2,845 3,145
1981 to 1990 6,815 3,450 3,365
1991 to 2000 15,070 7,180 7,895
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 16,005 7,515 8,485
2001 to 2005 7,550 3,670 3,885
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,450 3,845 4,605
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,795 1,610 1,190
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 56,355 26,650 29,705
Under 5 years 6,430 3,305 3,125
5 to 14 years 9,590 4,795 4,790
15 to 24 years 12,940 5,700 7,240
25 to 44 years 22,355 10,490 11,870
45 years and over 5,050 2,360 2,680
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 208,015 101,255 106,760
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 148,865 72,995 75,870
Born in province of residence 138,680 68,120 70,555
Born outside province of residence 10,185 4,875 5,315
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 56,355 26,650 29,705
Americas 7,835 3,375 4,465
United States 4,585 1,920 2,665
Jamaica 495 260 235
Guyana 45 20 30
Haiti 320 130 185
Mexico 325 160 170
Trinidad and Tobago 215 70 145
Colombia 165 65 100
El Salvador 595 260 335
Peru 60 0 35
Chile 100 40 55
Other places of birth in Americas 925 415 510
Europe 21,855 10,345 11,510
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,190 1,450 1,745
Italy 4,405 2,095 2,310
Germany 675 345 335
Poland 2,105 935 1,170
Portugal 380 170 205
Netherlands 205 110 95
France 265 95 170
Romania 2,220 1,060 1,160
Russian Federation 140 40 100
Greece 605 335 270
Ukraine 200 100 100
Croatia 1,815 820 995
Hungary 545 315 225
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,180 585 595
Serbia 815 340 475
Ireland, Republic of 180 105 70
Other places of birth in Europe 2,940 1,445 1,495
Africa 3,280 1,480 1,800
Morocco 15 0 0
Algeria 50 25 20
Egypt 275 170 110
South Africa, Republic of 120 50 75
Nigeria 330 170 165
Ethiopia 360 165 195
Kenya 65 0 30
Other places of birth in Africa 2,065 865 1,205
Asia 23,325 11,425 11,905
India 2,855 1,430 1,425
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,095 1,490 1,610
Philippines 2,160 925 1,235
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 545 300 250
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,415 665 755
Pakistan 1,445 775 675
Sri Lanka 275 135 145
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 425 230 190
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 205 100 100
Lebanon 2,980 1,525 1,460
Taiwan 150 90 60
Iraq 3,520 1,755 1,765
Bangladesh 345 210 130
Afghanistan 145 0 125
Japan 25 20 0
Turkey 250 120 125
Other places of birth in Asia 3,480 1,635 1,840
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 60 30 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 55 25 30
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,800 1,610 1,185
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,450 3,845 4,605
Americas 1,885 915 965
United States 1,210 605 605
Mexico 40 0 30
Cuba 15 0 0
Haiti 310 125 190
Jamaica 45 35 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 130 60 75
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 110 70 40
Europe 895 380 515
France 35 0 30
Germany 20 0 15
Poland 75 0 0
Romania 255 100 150
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 30 0 25
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 80 45 30
Other places of birth in Europe 385 165 220
Africa 1,030 445 590
Nigeria 110 50 65
Ethiopia 80 50 30
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 130 50 85
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 95 50 40
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 70 25 45
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 520 215 310
Asia 4,640 2,110 2,530
Philippines 375 150 225
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 555 260 295
India 480 205 275
Pakistan 315 160 150
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 75 25 55
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 50 20 30
Iraq 1,160 520 635
Bangladesh 130 85 45
Lebanon 215 105 115
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 85 35 45
Taiwan 90 50 40
Afghanistan 105 0 80
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 55 20 0
Nepal 85 45 40
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 85 45 40
Saudi Arabia 40 15 25
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 100 50 50
Other places of birth in Asia 605 275 330
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 208,020 101,255 106,760
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 59,750 28,650 31,095
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 47,100 23,305 23,800
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 101,165 49,295 51,870
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 208,015 101,255 106,760
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 47,675 23,620 24,055
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 8,020 4,170 3,850
Chinese 6,245 3,150 3,085
Black 9,480 4,295 5,185
Filipino 3,180 1,405 1,775
Latin American 2,255 1,150 1,105
Arab 11,510 5,955 5,560
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 3,190 1,615 1,575
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,580 815 765
Korean 285 160 125
Japanese 80 25 55
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 760 410 350
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,090 475 615
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 160,340 77,640 82,705
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 208,020 101,255 106,765
North American Aboriginal origins 8,235 4,005 4,225
First Nations (North American Indian) 6,910 3,315 3,595
Inuit 30 20 10
Métis 1,470 755 715
Other North American origins 50,960 24,260 26,700
Acadian 65 35 25
American 3,860 1,705 2,155
Canadian 48,315 23,145 25,170
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 75 0 55
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 190 70 115
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 139,940 67,500 72,440
British Isles origins 73,210 35,125 38,085
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 42,630 19,945 22,685
Irish 28,700 13,530 15,170
Manx 40 0 35
Scottish 26,925 13,135 13,790
Welsh 2,510 1,240 1,270
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,280 1,490 1,795
French origins 44,655 21,460 23,195
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 44,645 21,450 23,195
Western European origins (except French origins) 23,975 11,590 12,385
Austrian 1,225 545 680
Belgian 860 415 445
Dutch 4,650 2,285 2,360
Flemish 25 0 20
Frisian 0 0 0
German 18,230 8,785 9,450
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 520 270 250
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,570 1,195 1,370
Danish 685 245 440
Finnish 600 320 280
Icelandic 75 40 35
Norwegian 600 290 310
Swedish 710 310 400
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 100 75 25
Eastern European origins 25,955 12,095 13,860
Bulgarian 180 80 95
Byelorussian 50 15 40
Czech 800 385 415
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 555 225 330
Estonian 45 15 35
Hungarian 3,835 1,850 1,980
Latvian 85 50 35
Lithuanian 210 75 135
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 8,960 4,145 4,815
Romanian 4,795 2,175 2,620
Russian 2,275 1,045 1,225
Slovak 1,530 710 820
Ukrainian 5,995 2,855 3,140
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 45 0 30
Southern European origins 33,970 16,725 17,240
Albanian 1,205 575 625
Bosnian 815 480 340
Croatian 2,700 1,275 1,430
Cypriot 25 0 0
Greek 1,935 1,005 930
Italian 18,705 9,330 9,375
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 1,345 720 630
Maltese 720 365 355
Montenegrin 40 40 0
Portuguese 1,420 675 740
Serbian 2,715 1,380 1,335
Sicilian 55 15 35
Slovenian 565 350 215
Spanish 2,425 1,055 1,365
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,210 485 725
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,625 750 880
Basque 25 0 15
Jewish 1,105 525 585
Roma (Gypsy) 15 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 95 45 50
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 375 165 215
Caribbean origins 2,675 1,235 1,440
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 50 0 0
Barbadian 145 70 70
Bermudan 10 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 95 35 70
Dominican 30 0 20
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 580 240 330
Jamaican 1,270 605 665
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 15 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 340 195 145
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 200 95 105
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 35 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,545 1,305 1,245
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 85 45 35
Argentinian 90 50 35
Belizean 115 50 65
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 95 65 30
Chilean 95 50 45
Colombian 245 115 125
Costa Rican 35 0 0
Ecuadorian 30 0 25
Guatemalan 210 150 65
Guyanese 135 45 95
Hispanic 20 0 15
Honduran 110 70 35
Maya 70 35 0
Mexican 430 185 245
Nicaraguan 95 65 30
Panamanian 40 0 0
Paraguayan 25 0 10
Peruvian 40 0 0
Salvadorean 675 330 345
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 70 40 30
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 150 80 65
African origins 7,590 3,575 4,015
Central and West African origins 1,075 520 550
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 25 15 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 50 0 30
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 150 40 115
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 260 140 120
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 85 55 25
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 395 190 210
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 105 55 55
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 85 55 0
North African origins 1,695 855 845
Algerian 60 30 25
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 60 40 20
Egyptian 545 270 270
Libyan 410 195 220
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 55 30 30
Sudanese 600 305 295
Tunisian 40 30 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,115 855 1,255
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Burundian 20 0 0
Eritrean 155 60 95
Ethiopian 500 180 320
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 15 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 20 0 0
Rwandan 195 65 130
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 875 390 485
South African 175 85 90
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 60 0 40
Ugandan 15 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 35 25 10
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 35 20 15
Other African origins 2,925 1,445 1,480
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 915 435 475
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,060 1,025 1,035
Asian origins 40,565 20,345 20,225
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 18,855 9,585 9,265
Afghan 165 30 140
Arab, n.o.s. 1,985 1,130 855
Armenian 535 240 295
Assyrian 345 175 175
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 620 360 265
Iraqi 4,245 2,070 2,175
Israeli 150 85 65
Jordanian 485 305 180
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 165 85 80
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 8,235 4,195 4,040
Palestinian 1,095 580 510
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 135 85 45
Syrian 800 330 475
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 880 525 350
Uighur 65 40 25
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 135 45 90
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 315 160 150
South Asian origins 8,595 4,380 4,215
Bangladeshi 245 135 110
Bengali 205 100 110
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 5,595 2,755 2,845
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 60 35 25
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 190 100 90
Pakistani 1,805 920 880
Punjabi 355 195 160
Sinhalese 35 20 25
Sri Lankan 300 170 125
Tamil 140 70 65
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 755 415 345
East and Southeast Asian origins 13,270 6,420 6,855
Burmese 35 20 15
Cambodian (Khmer) 545 300 245
Chinese 7,010 3,455 3,555
Filipino 3,285 1,455 1,830
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 25 0 15
Japanese 120 60 65
Korean 310 165 145
Laotian 280 175 105
Malaysian 60 35 0
Mongolian 25 15 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 90 60 35
Thai 95 50 45
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,010 950 1,055
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 185 105 85
Other Asian origins 185 70 110
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 180 70 115
Oceania origins 160 115 50
Australian 110 85 20
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 30 25 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 30 20 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 208,020 101,255 106,760
Buddhist 2,390 1,255 1,135
Christian 143,945 67,425 76,520
Anglican 10,715 4,730 5,980
Baptist 4,255 1,995 2,260
Catholic 87,020 41,100 45,920
Christian Orthodox 8,480 4,250 4,230
Lutheran 1,955 860 1,095
Pentecostal 3,295 1,485 1,805
Presbyterian 3,165 1,470 1,690
United Church 7,295 3,350 3,945
Other Christian 17,760 8,180 9,585
Hindu 2,510 1,335 1,175
Jewish 925 445 480
Muslim 14,305 7,295 7,010
Sikh 1,500 765 730
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 60 20 40
Other religions 785 430 355
No religious affiliation 41,605 22,290 19,315
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 208,015 101,255 106,765
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,735 2,235 2,500
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,625 1,145 1,485
Métis single identity 1,780 910 870
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 150 80 75
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 165 95 70
Non-Aboriginal identity 203,285 99,025 104,260
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 208,020 101,260 106,760
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,375 690 695
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 206,635 100,570 106,070
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 208,020 101,255 106,760
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 8,235 4,010 4,225
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 6,910 3,315 3,595
Métis ancestry 1,470 755 715
Inuit ancestry 35 20 10
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 199,785 97,245 102,540
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 65,505 31,895 33,610
Aboriginal languages 140 65 75
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 115 65 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 0 25
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 65,485 31,900 33,585
Italian 7,835 3,850 3,990
Portuguese 690 330 355
Romanian 2,685 1,270 1,410
Spanish 3,485 1,725 1,760
Dutch 320 165 155
Flemish 35 0 20
German 1,975 1,005 970
Yiddish 35 15 20
Danish 50 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 25 0 20
Afrikaans 70 0 50
Gaelic languages 40 0 0
Bosnian 440 230 215
Bulgarian 145 75 70
Croatian 1,860 865 1,000
Czech 250 115 135
Macedonian 875 445 430
Polish 3,075 1,410 1,665
Russian 640 245 395
Serbian 2,730 1,350 1,380
Serbo-Croatian 175 80 90
Slovak 690 310 380
Slovenian 170 90 80
Ukrainian 590 210 380
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 65 25 40
Greek 1,050 545 510
Armenian 170 65 105
Albanian 1,260 595 665
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 90 45 45
Hungarian 1,140 560 580
Turkish 420 265 155
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 15 0 0
Somali 625 245 390
Amharic 220 100 120
Arabic 13,160 6,610 6,545
Hebrew 140 40 100
Maltese 190 125 60
Tigrigna 235 105 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,520 1,225 1,285
Bengali 530 295 240
Gujarati 755 425 330
Hindi 1,915 1,035 880
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 70 30 35
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,920 980 935
Sindhi 15 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 70 75
Urdu 2,450 1,250 1,200
Nepali 190 95 85
Kurdish 105 45 60
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 590 260 330
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20
Kannada 30 0 0
Malayalam 175 75 95
Tamil 415 185 235
Telugu 250 115 130
Japanese 155 105 50
Korean 300 165 130
Cantonese 1,460 735 725
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,470 705 765
Taiwanese 25 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,025 1,540 1,480
Lao 240 165 80
Thai 115 55 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 440 215 225
Vietnamese 1,805 820 990
Bisayan languages 55 20 35
Ilocano 45 20 25
Malay 95 40 55
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,310 985 1,320
Akan (Twi) 150 80 75
Lingala 60 35 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 25
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 95 30 70
Swahili 305 100 205
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 110 170
African languages, n.i.e. 125 70 55
Creoles 500 220 280
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 945 400 540
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 205,810 100,240 105,575
Non-movers 181,145 88,155 92,995
Movers 24,665 12,085 12,580
Non-migrants 17,615 8,360 9,250
Migrants 7,055 3,720 3,325
Internal migrants 5,145 2,735 2,415
Intraprovincial migrants 4,325 2,295 2,035
Interprovincial migrants 820 440 380
External migrants 1,905 990 920
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 196,285 95,165 101,120
Non-movers 125,875 61,330 64,540
Movers 70,415 33,830 36,580
Non-migrants 48,785 23,200 25,585
Migrants 21,630 10,630 11,000
Internal migrants 14,190 6,995 7,190
Intraprovincial migrants 12,330 6,175 6,155
Interprovincial migrants 1,860 820 1,040
External migrants 7,435 3,635 3,805
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 171,770 82,505 89,260
No certificate, diploma or degree 33,615 15,505 18,115
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 53,145 25,280 27,865
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 85,005 41,720 43,285
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 12,605 8,210 4,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 33,175 14,535 18,645
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,105 2,870 3,235
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 33,120 16,110 17,010
Bachelor's degree 19,380 8,770 10,610
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 13,735 7,340 6,395
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 112,015 54,415 57,600
No certificate, diploma or degree 13,125 6,250 6,880
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 32,985 16,100 16,885
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 65,905 32,065 33,835
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,725 5,595 3,130
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 26,840 11,855 14,980
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,265 2,045 2,220
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 26,080 12,575 13,505
Bachelor's degree 15,155 6,875 8,275
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,930 5,700 5,230
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 171,765 82,505 89,260
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 86,765 40,785 45,980
Education 6,225 1,760 4,470
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,020 1,000 1,020
Humanities 4,280 1,800 2,480
Social and behavioural sciences and law 9,545 3,275 6,270
Business, management and public administration 15,830 6,305 9,530
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,680 1,260 1,420
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,450 2,320 1,130
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 19,645 18,135 1,510
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 940 570 370
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 14,780 2,610 12,170
Personal, protective and transportation services 5,605 2,680 2,920
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 171,765 82,505 89,265
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 86,765 40,785 45,975
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 85,000 41,720 43,285
Location of study inside Canada 66,465 31,995 34,465
Same as province or territory of residence 64,105 30,765 33,345
Another province or territory 2,360 1,235 1,125
Location of study outside Canada 18,540 9,720 8,815
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 100,995 52,215 48,775
Single responses 100,185 51,940 48,250
English 98,620 51,305 47,310
French 785 245 540
Non-official languages 790 390 395
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 60 50
Cantonese 50 35 15
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 0 0
Spanish 65 55 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 520 225 295
Multiple responses 810 275 530
English and French 340 55 285
English and non-official language 440 220 220
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 100,995 52,220 48,780
English 98,620 51,310 47,310
French 785 245 545
Non-official language 785 390 395
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 785 390 400
English and French 335 50 285
English and non-official language 440 220 220
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 30 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 171,765 82,505 89,260
In the labour force 97,290 50,485 46,805
Employed 85,445 43,875 41,570
Unemployed 11,850 6,610 5,235
Not in the labour force 74,475 32,020 42,455
Participation rate 56.6 61.2 52.4
Employment rate 49.7 53.2 46.6
Unemployment rate 12.2 13.1 11.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 97,290 50,485 46,810
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 4,885 2,525 2,355
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 92,405 47,950 44,450
Employee 86,240 43,895 42,345
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,160 4,055 2,100
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 97,295 50,485 46,810
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 4,885 2,530 2,360
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 92,405 47,955 44,450
0 Management occupations 6,850 3,965 2,885
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 11,865 3,520 8,345
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,205 5,140 1,065
3 Health occupations 6,900 1,380 5,520
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 10,395 3,615 6,780
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,955 860 1,100
6 Sales and service occupations 25,620 10,815 14,805
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 12,705 12,040 665
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,405 925 480
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,510 5,700 2,805
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 97,290 50,485 46,810
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 4,885 2,530 2,355
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 92,405 47,950 44,450
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 930 455 480
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 125 110 0
22 Utilities 315 245 70
23 Construction 4,780 4,290 500
31-33 Manufacturing 16,145 12,145 4,000
41 Wholesale trade 2,545 1,745 805
44-45 Retail trade 10,810 4,500 6,310
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 4,120 2,930 1,195
51 Information and cultural industries 1,190 705 485
52 Finance and insurance 2,725 1,075 1,650
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,305 765 540
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,535 2,575 1,965
55 Management of companies and enterprises 100 50 50
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 4,715 2,700 2,020
61 Educational services 7,925 2,850 5,075
62 Health care and social assistance 11,125 1,985 9,135
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 3,995 2,070 1,925
72 Accommodation and food services 7,070 2,940 4,130
81 Other services (except public administration) 4,080 1,880 2,205
91 Public administration 3,845 1,940 1,910
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 97,295 50,485 46,810
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 8,510 4,485 4,030
Worked in 2010 88,780 46,000 42,780
1 to 13 weeks 4,620 2,375 2,245
14 to 26 weeks 6,795 3,490 3,305
27 to 39 weeks 5,705 3,005 2,700
40 to 48 weeks 13,220 6,755 6,465
49 to 52 weeks 58,440 30,375 28,070
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 44.7 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 97,290 50,485 46,810
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 8,515 4,485 4,030
Worked in 2010 88,780 46,000 42,780
Worked full-time in 2010 67,175 37,970 29,200
Worked part-time in 2010 21,610 8,030 13,575
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 85,440 43,875 41,570
Worked at home 2,965 1,435 1,530
Worked outside Canada 3,695 2,285 1,410
No fixed workplace address 7,490 5,045 2,440
Worked at usual place 71,295 35,110 36,190
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 78,785 40,155 38,630
Car, truck or van - as a driver 64,670 33,840 30,825
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 5,015 2,030 2,990
Public transit 3,545 1,325 2,215
Walked 3,735 1,750 1,990
Bicycle 1,095 860 240
Other methods 730 360 375
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 78,790 40,160 38,635
Median commuting duration 15.5 15.5 15.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 78,790 40,155 38,635
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 18,150 11,520 6,630
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 38,810 18,030 20,785
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 21,825 10,610 11,220
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 87,830 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 81,350 ... ...
Major repairs needed 6,480 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 87,830 ... ...
1960 or before 38,415 ... ...
1961 to 1980 24,695 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,450 ... ...
1991 to 2000 10,240 ... ...
2001 to 2005 5,905 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,125 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 87,830 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 21,635 ... ...
5 rooms 13,525 ... ...
6 rooms 15,350 ... ...
7 rooms 12,670 ... ...
8 or more rooms 24,645 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 87,830 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 13,785 ... ...
2 bedrooms 21,765 ... ...
3 bedrooms 36,375 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 15,900 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 87,830 ... ...
Owner 57,215 ... ...
Renter 30,620 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 87,830 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 7,430 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 80,400 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 87,830 ... ...
1 household maintainer 58,635 ... ...
2 household maintainers 27,905 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,295 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 87,830 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,615 ... ...
25 to 34 years 11,805 ... ...
35 to 44 years 16,090 ... ...
45 to 54 years 18,780 ... ...
55 to 64 years 15,890 ... ...
65 to 74 years 10,980 ... ...
75 years and over 10,665 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 87,830 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 86,345 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,485 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 87,830 ... ...
Suitable 82,635 ... ...
Not suitable 5,195 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 87,645 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 63,545 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 24,105 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 19,270 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 57,215 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 56.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 851 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 959 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 151,473 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 169,799 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,620 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 21.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 43.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 692 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 695 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 171,765 82,505 89,260
Without income 11,180 4,725 6,455
With income 160,585 77,780 82,810
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 20,375 10,780 9,600
$5,000 to $9,999 12,895 4,850 8,045
$10,000 to $14,999 16,010 6,205 9,810
$15,000 to $19,999 16,560 5,595 10,965
$20,000 to $29,999 23,685 9,830 13,860
$30,000 to $39,999 19,465 8,920 10,540
$40,000 to $49,999 15,685 8,575 7,110
$50,000 to $59,999 10,500 5,975 4,530
$60,000 to $79,999 13,600 8,830 4,770
$80,000 to $99,999 7,305 4,665 2,645
$100,000 and over 4,495 3,560 935
$100,000 to $124,999 2,405 1,890 520
$125,000 and over 2,090 1,670 420
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 25,507 31,855 21,718
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,005 39,809 28,554
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 171,765 82,505 89,260
Without after-tax income 11,195 4,725 6,475
With after-tax income 160,570 77,780 82,790
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 20,625 10,850 9,770
$5,000 to $9,999 13,135 4,850 8,285
$10,000 to $14,999 16,560 6,360 10,195
$15,000 to $19,999 17,350 6,120 11,230
$20,000 to $29,999 27,145 11,405 15,745
$30,000 to $39,999 23,110 11,455 11,660
$40,000 to $49,999 15,955 8,925 7,030
$50,000 to $59,999 10,240 6,395 3,850
$60,000 to $79,999 11,545 7,560 3,980
$80,000 to $99,999 2,795 2,130 670
$100,000 and over 2,110 1,730 380
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,155 29,456 20,935
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,692 34,216 25,443
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 80.8 85.7 74.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 64.8 68.0 60.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 62.1 64.5 58.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.8 3.6 1.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.0 3.2 2.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.8 12.3 8.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.2 2.1 2.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 19.2 14.3 25.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.6 4.0 5.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.2 2.9 5.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.9 1.6 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.2 0.2 4.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 6.3 5.6 7.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 12.7 14.0 10.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 87.3 85.9 89.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.4 1.1 1.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 47,260 26,355 20,905
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,106 51,462 39,426
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,269 56,801 44,294
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 56,830 ... ...
Median family income ($) 63,418 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,143 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,568 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,406 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 18,760 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,968 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,672 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 56,113 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,173 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 24,115 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,162 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,926 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,793 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 80,682 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 12,030 ... ...
Median family income ($) 35,283 ... ...
Average family income ($) 44,683 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 34,499 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 40,736 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 35,410 17,325 18,085
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,939 26,348 24,266
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,018 34,248 29,881
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,778 25,038 23,227
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,071 29,379 26,817
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 208,020 101,255 106,765
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 123,800 57,950 65,850
In bottom decile 32,180 15,610 16,570
In second decile 27,410 11,850 15,560
In third decile 22,315 9,865 12,445
In fourth decile 20,475 10,025 10,440
In fifth decile 21,430 10,600 10,830
In top half of the Canadian distribution 84,220 43,305 40,910
In sixth decile 19,110 9,765 9,350
In seventh decile 17,650 8,775 8,875
In eighth decile 19,315 10,040 9,275
In ninth decile 16,740 8,800 7,940
In top decile 11,400 5,925 5,475
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 87,830 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,670 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,325 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,235 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 10,130 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 9,660 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 8,900 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,640 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 11,200 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,895 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,510 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,080 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,715 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 87,830 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,685 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,320 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,270 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,020 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 11,330 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 11,270 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 9,880 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,750 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 12,385 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 7,660 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,250 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,355 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,895 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 87,830 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 49,113 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 62,175 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 45,009 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 54,283 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,440 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 27,652 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,797 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,940 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,411 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 59,385 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 62,758 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 75,288 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,950 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,718 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 208,020 101,255 106,760
Less than 18 years 44,475 23,120 21,355
Less than 6 years 14,195 7,380 6,815
18 to 64 years 132,105 64,460 67,645
65 years and over 31,435 13,675 17,765
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 49,395 22,885 26,505
Less than 18 years 14,555 7,640 6,910
Less than 6 years 4,975 2,630 2,345
18 to 64 years 31,250 14,220 17,035
65 years and over 3,590 1,020 2,565
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 23.7 22.6 24.8
Less than 18 years (%) 32.7 33.0 32.4
Less than 6 years (%) 35.0 35.6 34.4
18 to 64 years (%) 23.7 22.1 25.2
65 years and over (%) 11.4 7.5 14.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Windsor, CY, Ontario (Code 3537039) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 5, 2020).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Windsor, CY, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Windsor, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 210,891 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 216,473 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) -2.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 96,483 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 87,830 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,441.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 146.32 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 210,895 102,365 108,530
0 to 4 years 11,855 6,085 5,770
5 to 9 years 11,975 6,150 5,825
10 to 14 years 12,440 6,400 6,045
15 to 19 years 13,885 7,105 6,785
15 years 2,770 1,445 1,325
16 years 2,775 1,465 1,310
17 years 2,695 1,370 1,330
18 years 2,810 1,395 1,420
19 years 2,835 1,430 1,405
20 to 24 years 14,625 7,405 7,220
25 to 29 years 13,325 6,310 7,020
30 to 34 years 13,035 6,190 6,845
35 to 39 years 13,870 6,640 7,230
40 to 44 years 14,810 7,340 7,475
45 to 49 years 16,155 8,065 8,090
50 to 54 years 15,640 7,790 7,850
55 to 59 years 13,680 6,660 7,020
60 to 64 years 12,410 5,925 6,480
65 to 69 years 9,270 4,410 4,855
70 to 74 years 7,710 3,490 4,220
75 to 79 years 6,365 2,800 3,570
80 to 84 years 5,140 2,075 3,060
85 years and over 4,700 1,515 3,180
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.1 39.2 41.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.8 81.8 83.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 174,615 83,730 90,890
Married or living with a common-law partner 90,485 45,220 45,265
Married (and not separated) 78,520 39,205 39,315
Living common law 11,965 6,020 5,950
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 84,135 38,510 45,630
Single (never legally married) 52,700 28,230 24,470
Separated 6,205 2,600 3,610
Divorced 13,300 5,345 7,960
Widowed 11,930 2,335 9,595
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 57,440 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 28,175 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 12,975 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 10,940 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 5,350 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 57,440 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 44,185 ... ...
Married couples 38,205 ... ...
Without children at home 16,745 ... ...
With children at home 21,460 ... ...
1 child 8,015 ... ...
2 children 8,955 ... ...
3 or more children 4,485 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,975 ... ...
Without children at home 3,545 ... ...
With children at home 2,435 ... ...
1 child 1,195 ... ...
2 children 815 ... ...
3 or more children 425 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 13,255 ... ...
Female parent 10,840 ... ...
1 child 6,205 ... ...
2 children 3,200 ... ...
3 or more children 1,440 ... ...
Male parent 2,415 ... ...
1 child 1,680 ... ...
2 children 560 ... ...
3 or more children 175 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 66,280 ... ...
Under six years of age 14,255 ... ...
6 to 14 years 21,785 ... ...
15 to 17 years 7,930 ... ...
18 to 24 years 13,465 ... ...
25 years and over 8,855 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 208,020 101,170 106,850
Number of persons not in census families 40,115 19,200 20,910
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,690 1,920 2,770
Living with non-relatives only 6,910 4,035 2,875
Living alone 28,510 13,245 15,265
Number of census family persons 167,905 81,965 85,935
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 31,390 13,740 17,645
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 11,750 3,310 8,440
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,515 315 1,195
Living with non-relatives only 490 225 265
Living alone 9,750 2,775 6,980
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 19,635 10,430 9,205
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 87,830 ... ...
Census-family households 55,910 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 51,085 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 40,165 ... ...
Without children 18,520 ... ...
With children 21,640 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 10,920 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,825 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,335 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,975 ... ...
Without children 700 ... ...
With children 1,270 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,365 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,485 ... ...
Non-census-family households 31,920 ... ...
One-person households 28,510 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,405 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 87,830 ... ...
Single-detached house 54,615 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 11,525 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 21,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,945 ... ...
Row house 5,420 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,260 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 8,920 ... ...
Other single-attached house 140 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 87,830 ... ...
1 person 28,510 ... ...
2 persons 27,675 ... ...
3 persons 13,360 ... ...
4 persons 11,250 ... ...
5 persons 4,465 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,570 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 208,015 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 208,825 101,520 107,305
  Single responses  203,520 98,980 104,540
    English  142,795 69,685 73,115
    French  5,405 2,455 2,945
    Non-official languages  55,320 26,835 28,485
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  10 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 55,005 26,690 28,320
        African languages, n.i.e 195 100 95
        Afrikaans  25 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  50 20 30
        Albanian  1,025 515 510
        Amharic  120 60 60
        Arabic  9,550 4,855 4,695
        Armenian  135 60 70
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 50 30 25
        Bengali  610 305 305
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  45 15 30
        Bosnian  305 150 155
        Bulgarian  90 40 45
        Burmese  15 10 5
        Cantonese  1,020 475 545
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,035 1,495 1,540
        Creoles  170 70 100
        Croatian  1,265 595 670
        Czech  110 40 70
        Danish  45 25 25
        Dutch  265 135 130
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  95 45 50
        Flemish  25 5 20
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  1,290 585 710
        Greek  825 415 415
        Gujarati  510 265 240
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  25 15 10
        Hindi  465 245 215
        Hungarian  980 480 500
        Ilocano  50 20 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Italian  6,395 3,085 3,310
        Japanese  50 15 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  400 190 210
        Korean  245 120 120
        Kurdish  125 75 50
        Lao  130 70 55
        Latvian  15 0 10
        Lingala  20 10 10
        Lithuanian  50 25 25
        Macedonian  765 365 400
        Malay  40 25 20
        Malayalam  115 55 65
        Maltese  145 75 70
        Mandarin  1,010 490 515
        Marathi  65 30 30
        Nepali  95 50 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 170 80 90
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  45 25 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,625 855 775
        Pashto  30 15 20
        Persian (Farsi)  535 265 270
        Polish  2,500 1,165 1,335
        Portuguese  480 220 260
        Romanian  1,870 885 980
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 15 20
        Russian  420 180 240
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  80 35 40
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 1,910 925 990
        Serbian  2,480 1,230 1,245
        Serbo-Croatian  195 95 100
        Shanghainese  15 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  110 60 55
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 155 85 75
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 115 60 50
        Slovak  485 225 260
        Slovenian  135 50 85
        Somali  575 250 320
        Spanish  2,585 1,215 1,375
        Swahili  130 55 75
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,360 550 810
        Taiwanese  20 10 15
        Tamil  230 115 115
        Telugu  105 55 50
        Thai  30 10 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  120 50 70
        Turkish  345 185 155
        Ukrainian  460 165 300
        Urdu  1,755 900 855
        Vietnamese  1,725 835 885
        Yiddish  25 10 15
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 295 145 155
  Multiple responses          5,305 2,540 2,760
    English and French  865 400 465
    English and non-official language  3,940 1,915 2,020
    French and non-official language  310 140 170
    English, French and non-official language 185 85 100
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 208,825 101,525 107,300
  English only 186,940 92,085 94,850
  French only 310 140 170
  English and French 17,435 7,800 9,635
  Neither English nor French 4,140 1,500 2,640
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 208,825 101,525 107,300
  English 197,690 96,815 100,875
  French 5,180 2,350 2,830
  English and French 1,900 900 1,000
  Neither English nor French 4,060 1,460 2,595
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 6,125 2,800 3,325
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.9 2.8 3.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 208,825 101,525 107,305
  Single responses 198,755 96,560 102,195
    English 166,280 81,140 85,140
    French 1,640 740 895
    Non-official languages 30,840 14,680 16,155
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 5
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 30,725 14,630 16,095
        African languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 15 10 10
        Albanian 555 270 285
        Amharic 70 35 35
        Arabic 6,025 2,910 3,115
        Armenian 65 25 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 420 200 215
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 10 5 5
        Bosnian 170 80 90
        Bulgarian 50 25 20
        Burmese 10 5 5
        Cantonese 795 395 400
        Chinese, n.o.s. 2,200 1,085 1,115
        Creoles 95 40 55
        Croatian 535 240 295
        Czech 30 10 20
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 5 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 30 10 20
        Flemish 5 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 185 70 110
        Greek 365 170 190
        Gujarati 325 160 165
        Hakka 5 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 260 130 130
        Hungarian 370 180 190
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Italian 2,600 1,130 1,475
        Japanese 20 5 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 250 125 135
        Korean 175 85 90
        Kurdish 90 45 40
        Lao 80 45 35
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 5 5 5
        Lithuanian 10 5 5
        Macedonian 390 180 205
        Malay 15 10 10
        Malayalam 70 35 35
        Maltese 25 10 15
        Mandarin 840 420 420
        Marathi 35 20 15
        Nepali 85 50 40
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 30 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,140 575 565
        Pashto 20 5 10
        Persian (Farsi) 340 160 180
        Polish 1,255 585 665
        Portuguese 150 70 80
        Romanian 1,135 540 595
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 10
        Russian 260 120 135
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 20 5 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 615 690
        Serbian 1,470 700 770
        Serbo-Croatian 115 55 55
        Shanghainese 10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
        Sindhi 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25
        Slovak 125 60 70
        Slovenian 40 10 25
        Somali 390 165 225
        Spanish 1,435 705 730
        Swahili 100 40 55
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 620 270 350
        Taiwanese 10 0 5
        Tamil 120 60 65
        Telugu 45 25 20
        Thai 10 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 80 30 45
        Turkish 185 95 95
        Ukrainian 90 25 60
        Urdu 1,130 570 565
        Vietnamese 1,310 620 695
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 105 50 60
  Multiple responses         10,065 4,965 5,105
    English and French 450 205 245
    English and non-official language 9,215 4,570 4,650
    French and non-official language 105 60 45
    English, French and non-official language 295 130 160
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 208,825 101,525 107,300
  None 174,270 84,650 89,620
  Single responses  33,685 16,440 17,245
    English  13,425 6,615 6,810
    French  3,050 1,335 1,710
    Non-official languages  17,210 8,485 8,720
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  10 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 17,000 8,395 8,610
        African languages, n.i.e 55 20 35
        Afrikaans  20 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  40 25 20
        Albanian  310 155 155
        Amharic  40 20 20
        Arabic  3,440 1,830 1,615
        Armenian  45 25 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Bengali  115 60 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  15 10 10
        Bosnian  90 50 45
        Bulgarian  35 15 15
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  250 120 135
        Chinese, n.o.s.  565 285 280
        Creoles  90 35 55
        Croatian  480 230 250
        Czech  30 20 10
        Danish  15 10 10
        Dutch  75 35 40
        Estonian  5 5 0
        Finnish  25 10 10
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  465 205 255
        Greek  360 185 175
        Gujarati  95 50 45
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  20 10 10
        Hindi  295 165 130
        Hungarian  290 130 160
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Italian  2,315 1,160 1,155
        Japanese  25 10 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  100 50 50
        Korean  40 20 20
        Kurdish  20 5 10
        Lao  30 15 10
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  20 10 15
        Lithuanian  15 10 10
        Macedonian  250 130 125
        Malay  20 10 10
        Malayalam  30 15 20
        Maltese  40 20 20
        Mandarin  155 65 85
        Marathi  15 10 5
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 140 70 75
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  290 155 140
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  105 60 45
        Polish  730 340 395
        Portuguese  240 115 120
        Romanian  485 230 255
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 5
        Russian  115 50 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 20 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 390 195 195
        Serbian  695 350 340
        Serbo-Croatian  50 25 30
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 10 25
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  45 30 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Slovak  135 60 75
        Slovenian  45 20 30
        Somali  145 70 75
        Spanish  1,045 485 565
        Swahili  60 30 30
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  510 195 320
        Taiwanese  10 0 10
        Tamil  75 45 30
        Telugu  45 25 20
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  40 15 20
        Turkish  120 65 50
        Ukrainian  145 60 85
        Urdu  425 225 200
        Vietnamese  315 150 165
        Yiddish  0 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 195 85 105
  Multiple responses          870 440 435
    English and French  170 85 85
    English and non-official language  230 115 110
    French and non-official language  465 235 235
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Windsor, CY, Ontario (Code 3537039) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 5, 2020).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Windsor, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Windsor, CY, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Windsor, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Windsor, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario