NHS Profile, Regina, CY, Saskatchewan, 2011

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NHS data, Regina, CY, Saskatchewan. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Regina, CY
Saskatchewan
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 189,740 92,700 97,040
Canadian citizens 178,265 86,680 91,585
Canadian citizens aged under 18 37,855 19,135 18,710
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 140,415 67,545 72,875
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 11,470 6,020 5,450
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 189,740 92,700 97,040
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 166,325 80,835 85,490
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 21,180 10,410 10,770
Before 1971 3,765 1,805 1,960
1971 to 1980 1,945 1,005 940
1981 to 1990 2,070 1,000 1,070
1991 to 2000 2,915 1,320 1,595
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,485 5,280 5,210
2001 to 2005 2,470 1,280 1,190
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,015 4,000 4,015
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,240 1,460 780
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 21,180 10,410 10,770
Under 5 years 2,595 1,250 1,345
5 to 14 years 3,885 2,040 1,845
15 to 24 years 4,320 2,010 2,310
25 to 44 years 8,960 4,455 4,510
45 years and over 1,415 655 755
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 189,740 92,705 97,040
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 166,325 80,835 85,490
Born in province of residence 140,795 67,520 73,275
Born outside province of residence 25,530 13,315 12,220
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 21,175 10,410 10,770
Americas 2,610 1,225 1,380
United States 1,090 505 590
Jamaica 300 180 120
Guyana 105 45 60
Haiti 40 0 0
Mexico 160 70 90
Trinidad and Tobago 90 30 60
Colombia 105 45 65
El Salvador 215 120 95
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 285 135 150
Other places of birth in Americas 215 75 140
Europe 5,495 2,705 2,790
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,605 765 840
Italy 370 210 165
Germany 745 305 435
Poland 380 165 220
Portugal 25 15 0
Netherlands 235 150 80
France 60 45 0
Romania 90 50 35
Russian Federation 240 150 90
Greece 290 165 130
Ukraine 365 165 195
Croatia 165 100 60
Hungary 145 95 55
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 40 25
Serbia 40 0 35
Ireland, Republic of 50 15 35
Other places of birth in Europe 620 265 355
Africa 1,645 820 825
Morocco 60 20 40
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 80 40 40
South Africa, Republic of 180 65 110
Nigeria 310 150 160
Ethiopia 105 45 60
Kenya 35 0 20
Other places of birth in Africa 875 480 395
Asia 11,330 5,600 5,730
India 1,365 730 635
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,425 705 725
Philippines 3,400 1,570 1,825
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 290 140 150
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 850 435 415
Pakistan 1,185 600 585
Sri Lanka 50 0 35
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 110 55 60
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 305 165 145
Lebanon 40 20 15
Taiwan 65 20 50
Iraq 110 55 55
Bangladesh 350 185 165
Afghanistan 65 25 40
Japan 55 0 45
Turkey 50 0 30
Other places of birth in Asia 1,615 855 760
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 105 55 45
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 95 50 45
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,235 1,460 780
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,015 3,995 4,020
Americas 445 195 255
United States 175 80 95
Mexico 30 0 20
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 40 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 75 25 50
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 40 20 0
Europe 715 395 320
France 0 0 0
Germany 35 15 20
Poland 35 20 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 15 0 0
Russian Federation 170 105 60
Ukraine 185 95 95
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 90 65 20
Other places of birth in Europe 175 75 95
Africa 785 375 405
Nigeria 155 85 70
Ethiopia 30 30 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 115 50 65
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 35 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 115 45 75
Other places of birth in Africa 305 160 145
Asia 6,050 3,020 3,030
Philippines 2,590 1,250 1,340
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 450 220 235
India 700 375 320
Pakistan 325 160 165
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 55 25 25
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 240 125 110
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 25 0 0
Bangladesh 270 135 130
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 135 70 70
Taiwan 15 0 20
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 30 0 0
Israel 100 55 55
Nepal 85 50 40
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 980 500 475
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 189,740 92,705 97,040
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 23,800 12,100 11,700
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 27,550 12,815 14,735
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 138,395 67,785 70,605
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 189,740 92,705 97,040
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 21,765 11,115 10,655
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 4,885 2,625 2,265
Chinese 3,645 1,715 1,925
Black 3,065 1,605 1,455
Filipino 4,135 2,015 2,120
Latin American 1,270 600 670
Arab 590 270 320
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,500 1,380 1,120
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 470 255 220
Korean 395 220 180
Japanese 145 60 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 140 70 65
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 530 305 225
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 167,970 81,590 86,385
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 189,740 92,705 97,040
North American Aboriginal origins 19,355 9,120 10,240
First Nations (North American Indian) 13,180 6,045 7,135
Inuit 50 35 0
Métis 7,150 3,465 3,685
Other North American origins 36,965 18,315 18,650
Acadian 165 120 45
American 2,555 1,225 1,330
Canadian 34,980 17,295 17,685
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 30 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 40 0 0
European origins 146,100 71,025 75,075
British Isles origins 83,040 40,515 42,525
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 75 65 0
English 48,005 23,205 24,805
Irish 31,530 15,160 16,370
Manx 25 0 0
Scottish 37,890 18,270 19,620
Welsh 3,595 1,715 1,880
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,905 1,455 1,450
French origins 22,385 10,600 11,785
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 22,385 10,600 11,785
Western European origins (except French origins) 66,135 32,060 34,075
Austrian 5,900 2,930 2,970
Belgian 1,530 795 735
Dutch 5,075 2,650 2,425
Flemish 75 35 40
Frisian 0 0 0
German 58,445 28,110 30,330
Luxembourger 50 20 30
Swiss 905 480 425
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 18,035 8,610 9,425
Danish 1,920 865 1,055
Finnish 615 290 325
Icelandic 1,610 865 745
Norwegian 9,720 4,465 5,250
Swedish 5,300 2,565 2,735
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 740 380 360
Eastern European origins 48,250 23,685 24,560
Bulgarian 70 35 30
Byelorussian 70 35 35
Czech 960 450 515
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 625 255 375
Estonian 40 0 35
Hungarian 7,570 3,705 3,865
Latvian 75 60 15
Lithuanian 280 150 125
Moldovan 20 0 10
Polish 12,000 5,615 6,380
Romanian 4,380 2,160 2,225
Russian 7,415 3,655 3,760
Slovak 250 125 130
Ukrainian 25,005 12,390 12,620
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 35 20 20
Southern European origins 6,590 3,330 3,260
Albanian 50 30 20
Bosnian 35 0 20
Croatian 395 235 155
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,115 610 505
Italian 2,640 1,355 1,290
Kosovar 90 0 0
Macedonian 25 20 0
Maltese 45 0 30
Montenegrin 20 10 0
Portuguese 230 125 105
Serbian 490 245 240
Sicilian 10 0 0
Slovenian 165 55 110
Spanish 1,230 570 655
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 270 115 150
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 15 0 0
Other European origins 1,070 595 475
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 850 490 365
Roma (Gypsy) 55 0 50
Slavic, n.o.s. 20 0 10
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 135 85 50
Caribbean origins 1,290 695 595
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 130 50 80
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 15 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 45 25 0
Jamaican 785 440 345
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 65 45 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 100 55 45
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 100 50 45
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 45 40 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,480 740 740
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 15 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 20 0 10
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 45 20 25
Chilean 405 190 215
Colombian 130 55 70
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 60 30 25
Guyanese 30 0 20
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 385 215 170
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 15 0 0
Salvadorean 280 165 120
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 20 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 55 0 40
African origins 2,830 1,530 1,305
Central and West African origins 670 370 305
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 70 30 40
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 25 20 0
Ghanaian 90 55 40
Guinean 20 0 0
Ibo 25 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 290 175 115
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 45 25 20
Sierra Leonean 15 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 105 50 60
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 40 20 20
North African origins 410 235 175
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 135 75 65
Libyan 60 35 25
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 30 0 15
Sudanese 180 100 80
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 770 350 425
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 170 75 95
Ethiopian 80 30 50
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 35 15 20
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 125 50 75
South African 170 60 110
Tanzanian 50 45 0
Tigrian 20 10 0
Ugandan 15 0 0
Zambian 45 25 20
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 35 0 20
Other African origins 1,000 595 405
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 60 45 15
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 940 545 385
Asian origins 17,735 8,960 8,780
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,555 740 815
Afghan 105 40 70
Arab, n.o.s. 220 60 160
Armenian 35 0 35
Assyrian 25 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 155 75 85
Iraqi 45 0 30
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 70 45 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 225 135 85
Palestinian 25 0 0
Pashtun 30 0 0
Saudi Arabian 80 45 35
Syrian 95 45 55
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 130 55 75
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 130 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 195 125 0
South Asian origins 5,075 2,720 2,355
Bangladeshi 295 150 150
Bengali 105 60 50
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,125 1,705 1,415
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 15 0 10
Nepali 200 110 90
Pakistani 1,330 700 630
Punjabi 260 125 140
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 55 30 30
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 125 70 60
East and Southeast Asian origins 11,215 5,550 5,665
Burmese 295 160 135
Cambodian (Khmer) 180 125 60
Chinese 4,555 2,200 2,360
Filipino 4,290 2,055 2,235
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 70 45 25
Japanese 160 80 85
Korean 445 225 225
Laotian 215 105 110
Malaysian 25 0 20
Mongolian 60 40 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 30 0 30
Thai 205 120 90
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,090 605 485
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 400 200 200
Other Asian origins 85 50 30
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 85 55 30
Oceania origins 225 130 100
Australian 95 55 40
New Zealander 30 25 0
Pacific Islands origins 95 45 45
Fijian 35 0 0
Hawaiian 50 0 30
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 189,745 92,700 97,040
Buddhist 1,655 790 870
Christian 128,755 59,865 68,890
Anglican 6,575 3,025 3,550
Baptist 3,670 1,750 1,915
Catholic 57,765 27,525 30,245
Christian Orthodox 2,840 1,375 1,470
Lutheran 13,680 5,885 7,790
Pentecostal 2,345 1,035 1,310
Presbyterian 1,435 640 795
United Church 21,520 9,240 12,275
Other Christian 18,925 9,390 9,540
Hindu 1,545 880 665
Jewish 335 190 140
Muslim 3,545 1,805 1,740
Sikh 925 490 435
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 885 460 420
Other religions 675 325 345
No religious affiliation 51,420 27,890 23,535
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 189,745 92,700 97,040
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 18,750 8,675 10,070
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 10,955 5,055 5,905
Métis single identity 7,410 3,500 3,910
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 220 60 165
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 135 50 90
Non-Aboriginal identity 170,995 84,025 86,970
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 189,745 92,700 97,040
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 10,140 4,610 5,530
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 179,600 88,095 91,505
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 189,745 92,700 97,040
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 19,355 9,115 10,240
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 13,175 6,045 7,135
Métis ancestry 7,150 3,465 3,685
Inuit ancestry 50 35 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 170,385 83,585 86,800
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 28,445 13,940 14,500
Aboriginal languages 880 450 430
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 470 230 235
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 230 115 110
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 175 90 80
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,595 13,510 14,090
Italian 605 325 280
Portuguese 130 70 55
Romanian 230 95 130
Spanish 2,390 1,050 1,340
Dutch 265 105 160
Flemish 30 0 25
German 3,270 1,510 1,765
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 100 60 40
Norwegian 55 20 30
Swedish 45 0 30
Afrikaans 90 40 55
Gaelic languages 50 0 0
Bosnian 100 45 55
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 135 90 45
Czech 20 0 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 555 220 340
Russian 1,120 600 520
Serbian 160 75 90
Serbo-Croatian 40 15 25
Slovak 50 30 20
Slovenian 45 0 40
Ukrainian 1,555 685 870
Latvian 15 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 605 345 260
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 120 45 75
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 40 0 35
Hungarian 425 225 195
Turkish 70 35 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 140 45 85
Amharic 110 55 60
Arabic 845 385 460
Hebrew 320 195 125
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 165 60 100
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 525 295 230
Gujarati 295 175 115
Hindi 1,420 880 535
Konkani 20 0 0
Marathi 30 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,570 845 730
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 0 25
Urdu 1,440 745 695
Nepali 250 150 100
Kurdish 95 55 40
Pashto 260 160 95
Persian (Farsi) 220 85 135
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35
Kannada 20 0 0
Malayalam 35 30 0
Tamil 110 75 35
Telugu 75 60 15
Japanese 225 125 95
Korean 395 200 195
Cantonese 790 375 420
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 860 410 450
Taiwanese 35 0 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,570 805 760
Lao 160 75 80
Thai 185 95 90
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 90 45
Vietnamese 1,015 530 485
Bisayan languages 280 130 155
Ilocano 235 75 155
Malay 55 35 20
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 3,785 1,830 1,955
Akan (Twi) 30 20 0
Lingala 30 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 0 55
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 115 80 40
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 85 35 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 200 110 90
African languages, n.i.e. 100 85 0
Creoles 45 20 25
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,260 625 630
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 187,210 91,490 95,725
Non-movers 158,495 77,225 81,265
Movers 28,715 14,265 14,455
Non-migrants 19,580 9,420 10,160
Migrants 9,135 4,845 4,290
Internal migrants 6,675 3,645 3,030
Intraprovincial migrants 3,725 1,915 1,815
Interprovincial migrants 2,945 1,725 1,220
External migrants 2,460 1,205 1,255
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 177,575 86,445 91,130
Non-movers 100,180 48,250 51,930
Movers 77,400 38,195 39,205
Non-migrants 47,670 22,840 24,830
Migrants 29,730 15,360 14,375
Internal migrants 20,710 10,515 10,190
Intraprovincial migrants 11,200 5,480 5,720
Interprovincial migrants 9,515 5,040 4,475
External migrants 9,020 4,840 4,180
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 156,195 75,665 80,530
No certificate, diploma or degree 28,850 14,515 14,335
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 46,905 22,500 24,410
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 80,440 38,655 41,785
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 15,400 10,465 4,935
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 23,605 9,000 14,605
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 7,380 2,975 4,410
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 34,050 16,215 17,840
Bachelor's degree 25,090 11,525 13,560
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,965 4,690 4,275
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 105,165 51,335 53,830
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,325 6,045 5,280
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 29,070 14,295 14,775
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 64,770 30,990 33,775
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 11,405 7,870 3,530
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 18,695 7,320 11,375
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,585 2,210 3,370
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 29,085 13,590 15,495
Bachelor's degree 21,440 9,765 11,675
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,645 3,825 3,820
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 156,200 75,665 80,535
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 75,755 37,015 38,745
Education 8,025 2,275 5,750
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,140 1,165 975
Humanities 3,710 1,635 2,075
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,040 2,645 4,400
Business, management and public administration 19,690 6,985 12,700
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,250 1,230 1,020
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,485 2,390 1,090
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 16,100 14,860 1,245
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,205 915 290
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 12,185 2,535 9,655
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,605 2,025 2,575
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 156,195 75,665 80,535
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 75,760 37,010 38,745
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 80,440 38,655 41,785
Location of study inside Canada 71,445 33,890 37,565
Same as province or territory of residence 59,790 27,855 31,935
Another province or territory 11,655 6,030 5,630
Location of study outside Canada 8,995 4,765 4,230
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 120,580 61,900 58,680
Single responses 120,330 61,820 58,510
English 119,010 61,200 57,805
French 715 270 445
Non-official languages 605 350 255
Chinese, n.o.s. 150 85 65
Cantonese 60 40 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 0 25
Mandarin 50 35 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 30 0 15
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 260 145 115
Multiple responses 250 80 175
English and French 130 45 80
English and non-official language 125 35 85
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 120,585 61,900 58,680
English 119,010 61,205 57,810
French 715 270 445
Non-official language 600 345 250
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 605 350 255
English and French 130 45 80
English and non-official language 120 35 90
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 156,195 75,670 80,530
In the labour force 113,055 58,510 54,545
Employed 107,390 55,740 51,650
Unemployed 5,670 2,775 2,890
Not in the labour force 43,140 17,155 25,990
Participation rate 72.4 77.3 67.7
Employment rate 68.8 73.7 64.1
Unemployment rate 5.0 4.7 5.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 113,055 58,510 54,545
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,350 620 730
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 111,700 57,895 53,810
Employee 103,135 52,500 50,635
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,570 5,395 3,180
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 113,055 58,510 54,545
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,350 620 730
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 111,705 57,890 53,815
0 Management occupations 11,655 6,725 4,930
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 21,530 6,485 15,045
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 7,805 6,160 1,645
3 Health occupations 7,565 1,465 6,100
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 13,420 4,805 8,615
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,640 1,275 1,365
6 Sales and service occupations 26,225 11,665 14,555
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 17,175 16,110 1,065
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,215 1,050 165
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,475 2,155 320
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 113,055 58,510 54,545
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,350 620 730
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 111,705 57,890 53,810
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 935 680 255
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 980 825 155
22 Utilities 1,685 1,040 645
23 Construction 8,515 7,665 850
31-33 Manufacturing 5,365 4,410 950
41 Wholesale trade 4,870 3,650 1,225
44-45 Retail trade 13,015 6,480 6,535
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 4,840 3,820 1,020
51 Information and cultural industries 4,085 2,315 1,770
52 Finance and insurance 7,355 2,765 4,590
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,840 1,165 670
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,955 3,455 2,495
55 Management of companies and enterprises 105 40 60
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,525 1,985 1,540
61 Educational services 7,655 2,575 5,080
62 Health care and social assistance 13,520 2,405 11,110
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,275 1,155 1,115
72 Accommodation and food services 7,480 2,955 4,525
81 Other services (except public administration) 5,635 2,640 2,990
91 Public administration 12,075 5,845 6,230
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 113,055 58,510 54,545
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,130 1,885 2,245
Worked in 2010 108,925 56,625 52,305
1 to 13 weeks 4,960 2,325 2,630
14 to 26 weeks 7,550 3,640 3,905
27 to 39 weeks 6,725 3,320 3,405
40 to 48 weeks 15,835 8,420 7,415
49 to 52 weeks 73,860 38,920 34,945
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.4 45.8 45.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 113,055 58,510 54,545
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,130 1,885 2,245
Worked in 2010 108,925 56,625 52,300
Worked full-time in 2010 89,765 49,700 40,065
Worked part-time in 2010 19,165 6,925 12,240
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 107,385 55,735 51,650
Worked at home 4,010 1,795 2,215
Worked outside Canada 125 75 55
No fixed workplace address 10,870 8,825 2,045
Worked at usual place 92,385 45,045 47,335
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 103,255 53,870 49,380
Car, truck or van - as a driver 83,865 45,705 38,160
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 7,000 2,275 4,725
Public transit 5,305 2,130 3,170
Walked 5,000 2,370 2,630
Bicycle 1,305 1,005 305
Other methods 780 385 390
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 103,255 53,875 49,380
Median commuting duration 15.4 15.4 15.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 103,255 53,875 49,380
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 23,915 15,500 8,420
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 61,850 29,650 32,200
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 17,490 8,725 8,760
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 79,610 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 72,145 ... ...
Major repairs needed 7,470 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 79,610 ... ...
1960 or before 20,990 ... ...
1961 to 1980 32,695 ... ...
1981 to 1990 12,585 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,830 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,665 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,855 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 79,610 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 19,810 ... ...
5 rooms 12,460 ... ...
6 rooms 11,160 ... ...
7 rooms 10,875 ... ...
8 or more rooms 25,305 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 79,615 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 10,485 ... ...
2 bedrooms 18,810 ... ...
3 bedrooms 28,150 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 22,170 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 79,610 ... ...
Owner 55,120 ... ...
Renter 24,495 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 79,610 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 9,285 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 70,325 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 79,610 ... ...
1 household maintainer 47,030 ... ...
2 household maintainers 30,855 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,725 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 79,610 ... ...
Under 25 years 4,010 ... ...
25 to 34 years 14,495 ... ...
35 to 44 years 13,460 ... ...
45 to 54 years 17,070 ... ...
55 to 64 years 14,230 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,910 ... ...
75 years and over 8,430 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 79,610 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 78,135 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,480 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 79,610 ... ...
Suitable 75,540 ... ...
Not suitable 4,070 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 79,420 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 61,355 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 18,070 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 15,060 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 55,120 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 967 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,077 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 299,748 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 318,333 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 24,490 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 22.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 882 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 930 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 156,200 75,665 80,530
Without income 5,950 2,650 3,295
With income 150,250 73,015 77,235
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 11,930 5,875 6,050
$5,000 to $9,999 8,845 3,325 5,515
$10,000 to $14,999 10,105 3,670 6,430
$15,000 to $19,999 11,760 4,205 7,555
$20,000 to $29,999 19,785 8,390 11,390
$30,000 to $39,999 19,775 9,200 10,580
$40,000 to $49,999 16,610 7,805 8,810
$50,000 to $59,999 13,110 6,770 6,340
$60,000 to $79,999 18,495 10,780 7,710
$80,000 to $99,999 9,720 5,740 3,980
$100,000 and over 10,115 7,240 2,870
$100,000 to $124,999 5,055 3,505 1,550
$125,000 and over 5,055 3,740 1,320
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,113 42,006 31,349
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 45,698 53,324 38,488
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 156,200 75,665 80,535
Without after-tax income 5,955 2,650 3,305
With after-tax income 150,245 73,020 77,225
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 12,255 5,935 6,325
$5,000 to $9,999 9,010 3,350 5,660
$10,000 to $14,999 10,530 3,850 6,685
$15,000 to $19,999 12,865 4,810 8,055
$20,000 to $29,999 24,195 10,255 13,935
$30,000 to $39,999 24,315 11,695 12,615
$40,000 to $49,999 19,100 9,825 9,275
$50,000 to $59,999 13,595 7,910 5,680
$60,000 to $79,999 15,210 8,865 6,345
$80,000 to $99,999 4,855 3,325 1,530
$100,000 and over 4,310 3,190 1,120
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,432 36,574 28,659
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 37,841 43,244 32,732
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.9 93.8 87.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.1 81.3 74.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 74.5 77.0 71.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.7 4.3 2.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.5 4.2 4.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.4 6.7 5.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.9 1.6 2.3
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.1 6.2 12.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.9 2.4 3.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.3 1.6 3.2
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.0 0.8 1.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.7 1.3 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.2 18.9 15.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.8 81.1 85.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.4 1.3 1.6
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 65,830 36,015 29,810
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 52,020 57,283 46,662
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 60,472 67,333 52,184
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 52,645 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,172 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,089 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,549 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,671 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 19,830 ... ...
Median family income ($) 83,969 ... ...
Average family income ($) 99,833 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,915 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,675 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 21,785 ... ...
Median family income ($) 116,569 ... ...
Average family income ($) 130,465 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 98,186 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 106,789 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 8,975 ... ...
Median family income ($) 49,493 ... ...
Average family income ($) 57,872 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,430 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,700 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 33,400 15,910 17,490
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,294 34,908 31,142
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 39,921 42,115 37,925
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,746 30,951 28,451
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,600 34,903 32,415
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 189,740 92,700 97,040
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 79,960 37,500 42,460
In bottom decile 16,620 7,845 8,780
In second decile 15,495 6,385 9,110
In third decile 14,785 7,055 7,735
In fourth decile 16,450 8,280 8,170
In fifth decile 16,605 7,935 8,665
In top half of the Canadian distribution 109,785 55,205 54,575
In sixth decile 17,920 8,680 9,240
In seventh decile 20,245 10,080 10,170
In eighth decile 22,305 11,210 11,095
In ninth decile 24,635 12,500 12,135
In top decile 24,675 12,740 11,940
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 79,610 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,935 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,790 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,750 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,010 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,985 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,440 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 11,160 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,475 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,105 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,515 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 79,610 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,980 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,250 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,810 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,890 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,315 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 8,255 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 8,025 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,495 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 12,365 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 9,430 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,795 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,310 ... ...
$125,000 and over 9,480 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 79,610 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 69,192 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 86,246 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,727 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,413 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 23,650 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 35,597 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 43,179 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 31,719 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 36,176 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 55,965 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 88,669 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 104,445 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 76,275 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 86,304 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 189,740 92,700 97,040
Less than 18 years 40,575 20,645 19,930
Less than 6 years 14,495 7,415 7,085
18 to 64 years 125,585 61,940 63,640
65 years and over 23,585 10,120 13,465
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 24,035 10,615 13,420
Less than 18 years 7,530 3,855 3,680
Less than 6 years 3,470 1,690 1,775
18 to 64 years 13,800 6,095 7,705
65 years and over 2,700 665 2,040
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.7 11.5 13.8
Less than 18 years (%) 18.6 18.7 18.5
Less than 6 years (%) 23.9 22.8 25.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 9.8 12.1
65 years and over (%) 11.4 6.6 15.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Regina, CY, Saskatchewan (Code 4706027) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Regina, CY, Saskatchewan

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Census data

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Census data, Regina, CY, Saskatchewan. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Regina, CY
Saskatchewan
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 193,100 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 179,282A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 7.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 83,179 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 79,611 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,327.6 ... ...
Land area (square km) 145.45 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 193,100 94,025 99,075
0 to 4 years 12,125 6,235 5,885
5 to 9 years 10,635 5,420 5,215
10 to 14 years 10,780 5,465 5,320
15 to 19 years 12,545 6,365 6,175
15 years 2,325 1,205 1,125
16 years 2,405 1,190 1,215
17 years 2,500 1,295 1,210
18 years 2,615 1,340 1,275
19 years 2,690 1,340 1,350
20 to 24 years 15,340 7,635 7,705
25 to 29 years 15,595 7,945 7,650
30 to 34 years 14,100 6,990 7,110
35 to 39 years 12,520 6,210 6,315
40 to 44 years 11,915 5,935 5,975
45 to 49 years 14,495 6,990 7,505
50 to 54 years 14,470 7,105 7,365
55 to 59 years 12,640 6,125 6,520
60 to 64 years 10,075 4,840 5,235
65 to 69 years 6,930 3,230 3,700
70 to 74 years 5,725 2,550 3,175
75 to 79 years 4,990 2,095 2,900
80 to 84 years 4,025 1,645 2,385
85 years and over 4,195 1,250 2,945
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.1 35.7 38.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.6 81.8 83.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 159,560 76,905 82,655
Married or living with a common-law partner 87,145 43,680 43,460
Married (and not separated) 73,790 37,010 36,785
Living common law 13,350 6,670 6,675
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 72,420 33,230 39,190
Single (never legally married) 49,190 26,035 23,155
Separated 3,605 1,480 2,125
Divorced 10,270 4,015 6,260
Widowed 9,355 1,705 7,650
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 52,785 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 27,000 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 11,315 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 10,140 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 4,335 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 52,785 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 42,695 ... ...
Married couples 36,030 ... ...
Without children at home 16,805 ... ...
With children at home 19,225 ... ...
1 child 7,335 ... ...
2 children 8,425 ... ...
3 or more children 3,465 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,670 ... ...
Without children at home 4,140 ... ...
With children at home 2,530 ... ...
1 child 1,285 ... ...
2 children 815 ... ...
3 or more children 430 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 10,090 ... ...
Female parent 8,060 ... ...
1 child 4,665 ... ...
2 children 2,220 ... ...
3 or more children 1,175 ... ...
Male parent 2,030 ... ...
1 child 1,390 ... ...
2 children 480 ... ...
3 or more children 160 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 56,310 ... ...
Under six years of age 14,135 ... ...
6 to 14 years 18,810 ... ...
15 to 17 years 6,835 ... ...
18 to 24 years 11,510 ... ...
25 years and over 5,020 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 189,740 92,720 97,020
Number of persons not in census families 37,955 18,230 19,725
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,910 2,370 2,535
Living with non-relatives only 9,245 5,565 3,680
Living alone 23,795 10,290 13,510
Number of census family persons 151,790 74,490 77,295
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 23,705 10,150 13,550
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 8,785 2,215 6,565
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 675 155 520
Living with non-relatives only 390 205 190
Living alone 7,715 1,855 5,865
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 14,920 7,935 6,985
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 79,615 ... ...
Census-family households 51,595 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 47,215 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 39,465 ... ...
Without children 19,340 ... ...
With children 20,120 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,750 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,380 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,235 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,850 ... ...
Without children 860 ... ...
With children 995 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,380 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,145 ... ...
Non-census-family households 28,015 ... ...
One-person households 23,800 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,220 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 79,615 ... ...
Single-detached house 53,625 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 3,805 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 135 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 22,050 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,970 ... ...
Row house 4,355 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,095 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 14,595 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 79,615 ... ...
1 person 23,795 ... ...
2 persons 27,130 ... ...
3 persons 12,180 ... ...
4 persons 10,695 ... ...
5 persons 3,805 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,000 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 189,740 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 190,865 93,185 97,680
  Single responses  188,330 91,945 96,385
    English  162,475 79,230 83,245
    French  2,355 1,080 1,275
    Non-official languages  23,500 11,635 11,865
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 370 150 225
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  270 105 165
        Dene  5 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  90 35 60
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  5 5 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 22,710 11,280 11,435
        African languages, n.i.e 140 85 55
        Afrikaans  120 65 55
        Akan (Twi)  30 10 15
        Albanian  55 20 35
        Amharic  110 50 55
        Arabic  625 345 280
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 25 25
        Bengali  385 220 165
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  175 75 100
        Bosnian  60 25 35
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  30 25 5
        Cantonese  555 260 290
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,830 930 895
        Creoles  30 15 15
        Croatian  120 50 70
        Czech  30 15 15
        Danish  40 20 20
        Dutch  270 125 145
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  25 5 15
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  2,700 1,235 1,465
        Greek  490 255 235
        Gujarati  285 165 120
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  40 20 15
        Hindi  300 170 130
        Hungarian  445 220 225
        Ilocano  180 75 100
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 55 30 20
        Italian  365 195 175
        Japanese  75 25 50
        Khmer (Cambodian)  45 25 15
        Korean  430 205 225
        Kurdish  45 25 20
        Lao  155 80 70
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  25 10 10
        Malayalam  70 30 35
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  495 240 255
        Marathi  20 15 10
        Nepali  175 95 80
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 110 60 50
        Norwegian  50 15 35
        Oromo  40 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  995 570 420
        Pashto  140 75 65
        Persian (Farsi)  355 190 160
        Polish  465 215 250
        Portuguese  80 35 40
        Romanian  285 120 160
        Rundi (Kirundi)  30 20 15
        Russian  660 335 335
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Serbian  155 75 85
        Serbo-Croatian  40 20 15
        Shanghainese  10 10 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Sindhi  5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 345 180 175
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slovak  35 20 15
        Slovenian  30 15 15
        Somali  275 130 150
        Spanish  935 475 455
        Swahili  70 40 30
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,435 1,150 1,290
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  100 60 35
        Telugu  80 45 30
        Thai  55 30 30
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  125 60 70
        Turkish  70 35 35
        Ukrainian  1,510 670 840
        Urdu  1,050 560 495
        Vietnamese  910 450 460
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 415 205 210
  Multiple responses          2,540 1,245 1,295
    English and French  360 175 185
    English and non-official language  2,015 990 1,025
    French and non-official language  105 50 55
    English, French and non-official language 55 25 30
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 190,865 93,185 97,680
  English only 178,140 87,530 90,605
  French only 140 60 80
  English and French 11,145 4,950 6,195
  Neither English nor French 1,445 645 795
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 190,870 93,185 97,680
  English 186,995 91,400 95,595
  French 2,150 1,005 1,145
  English and French 335 175 165
  Neither English nor French 1,385 610 780
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,320 1,095 1,230
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.2 1.2 1.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 190,870 93,185 97,680
  Single responses 186,600 91,075 95,520
    English 174,745 85,080 89,665
    French 840 390 455
    Non-official languages 11,015 5,600 5,410
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 50 20 30
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 40 15 25
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 10 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,850 5,525 5,325
        African languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
        Afrikaans 75 35 40
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 45 20 30
        Amharic 60 30 35
        Arabic 430 225 205
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Bengali 255 140 115
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 95 50 50
        Bosnian 30 10 15
        Bulgarian 10 5 0
        Burmese 30 15 15
        Cantonese 350 165 180
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,220 615 605
        Creoles 10 5 5
        Croatian 35 15 20
        Czech 5 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 15 10 10
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 5 5
        German 165 75 85
        Greek 190 90 100
        Gujarati 145 85 65
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 20 10 10
        Hindi 185 90 90
        Hungarian 40 20 25
        Ilocano 40 20 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5
        Italian 95 40 50
        Japanese 25 10 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10
        Korean 340 165 175
        Kurdish 15 10 5
        Lao 75 40 35
        Latvian 5 0 5
        Lingala 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 5
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 30 10 20
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 385 200 185
        Marathi 5 0 5
        Nepali 135 75 60
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 30 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 610 335 270
        Pashto 75 35 35
        Persian (Farsi) 255 130 125
        Polish 95 45 50
        Portuguese 25 10 15
        Romanian 80 35 45
        Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10
        Russian 525 275 250
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 75 35 50
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10
        Shanghainese 10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
        Sindhi 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 300 160 140
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 5
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 185 75 110
        Spanish 415 215 205
        Swahili 25 15 15
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,445 720 730
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 40 20 15
        Telugu 50 25 25
        Thai 25 15 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 80 35 40
        Turkish 45 25 25
        Ukrainian 240 130 115
        Urdu 755 400 350
        Vietnamese 685 355 330
        Yiddish 0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 110 55 55
  Multiple responses         4,265 2,110 2,160
    English and French 175 85 95
    English and non-official language 3,985 1,985 2,005
    French and non-official language 35 20 15
    English, French and non-official language 70 20 45
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 190,865 93,185 97,680
  None 176,670 86,210 90,465
  Single responses  13,860 6,810 7,050
    English  4,960 2,520 2,440
    French  1,855 785 1,070
    Non-official languages  7,040 3,505 3,535
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 300 145 155
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  220 110 115
        Dene  5 5 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  70 30 35
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,500 3,240 3,270
        African languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Afrikaans  40 20 20
        Akan (Twi)  20 10 10
        Albanian  5 5 5
        Amharic  25 15 10
        Arabic  200 115 85
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Bengali  90 55 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  35 15 20
        Bosnian  30 10 25
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  165 85 80
        Chinese, n.o.s.  385 205 180
        Creoles  30 15 15
        Croatian  30 15 15
        Czech  15 10 10
        Danish  10 0 5
        Dutch  75 35 40
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  590 270 315
        Greek  285 150 135
        Gujarati  70 40 30
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  50 25 25
        Hindi  220 130 90
        Hungarian  125 70 60
        Ilocano  40 10 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Italian  125 65 60
        Japanese  50 30 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 15 10
        Korean  55 25 30
        Kurdish  20 10 15
        Lao  45 25 20
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  10 0 5
        Lithuanian  0 5 0
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  20 20 10
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  120 50 70
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  15 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 120 65 60
        Norwegian  20 5 10
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  245 150 95
        Pashto  35 15 15
        Persian (Farsi)  60 30 30
        Polish  110 45 65
        Portuguese  50 30 25
        Romanian  55 25 30
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  135 70 65
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  40 20 25
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  5 5 5
        Somali  40 25 15
        Spanish  565 270 295
        Swahili  45 25 25
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  615 275 335
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  45 25 20
        Telugu  35 20 10
        Thai  30 10 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  40 20 20
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  395 155 240
        Urdu  240 130 110
        Vietnamese  175 90 90
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 235 120 115
  Multiple responses          335 170 165
    English and French  50 25 30
    English and non-official language  105 60 40
    French and non-official language  180 80 95
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Regina, CY, Saskatchewan (Code 4706027) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Regina, CY, Saskatchewan

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

Download current census table

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Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Regina, City (Census Subdivision), Saskatchewan

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Regina, CY, Saskatchewan (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Regina, City (Census Subdivision), Saskatchewan

2011 NHS