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NHS Profile, Lethbridge, CY, Alberta, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Lethbridge, CY, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lethbridge, CY
Alberta
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 81,390 39,815 41,580
Canadian citizens 77,625 37,970 39,650
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,750 8,180 7,570
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 61,870 29,790 32,080
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,765 1,840 1,925
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 81,390 39,810 41,580
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 70,695 34,635 36,065
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 9,465 4,565 4,905
Before 1971 3,045 1,345 1,700
1971 to 1980 1,410 680 730
1981 to 1990 855 375 485
1991 to 2000 1,230 620 610
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,930 1,550 1,385
2001 to 2005 1,045 540 500
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,885 1,005 880
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,225 615 610
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 9,470 4,565 4,905
Under 5 years 1,115 520 595
5 to 14 years 2,255 1,150 1,105
15 to 24 years 2,060 1,020 1,045
25 to 44 years 3,420 1,570 1,850
45 years and over 615 305 310
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 81,390 39,810 41,580
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 70,695 34,635 36,060
Born in province of residence 50,630 24,920 25,710
Born outside province of residence 20,065 9,715 10,355
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 9,465 4,565 4,900
Americas 1,775 840 930
United States 1,010 405 605
Jamaica 20 15 0
Guyana 25 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 210 125 80
Trinidad and Tobago 30 20 0
Colombia 65 40 30
El Salvador 145 80 65
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 55 0 20
Other places of birth in Americas 205 105 100
Europe 4,855 2,365 2,495
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,760 885 875
Italy 205 120 85
Germany 545 230 315
Poland 410 170 240
Portugal 55 0 0
Netherlands 715 405 310
France 55 30 20
Romania 140 45 95
Russian Federation 55 20 35
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 70 30 45
Croatia 105 50 55
Hungary 145 60 85
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 40 30
Serbia 15 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 55 0 45
Other places of birth in Europe 445 230 220
Africa 580 340 240
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 25 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 80 35 45
Nigeria 40 20 20
Ethiopia 60 40 20
Kenya 60 25 35
Other places of birth in Africa 320 200 115
Asia 2,170 970 1,205
India 320 145 170
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 370 190 180
Philippines 370 135 240
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 55 0 45
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 175 80 100
Pakistan 65 30 35
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30 20 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 135 65 70
Lebanon 15 0 0
Taiwan 20 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 40 25 0
Afghanistan 50 30 20
Japan 170 60 110
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 340 145 195
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 90 55 40
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 80 50 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,220 615 610
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,885 1,000 880
Americas 450 245 205
United States 245 135 110
Mexico 70 35 35
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 65 40 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 55 25 35
Europe 500 275 225
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 30 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 15 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 190 115 75
Other places of birth in Europe 170 95 70
Africa 190 120 70
Nigeria 40 20 20
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 30 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 95 70 20
Asia 740 360 375
Philippines 170 70 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 65 35 30
India 110 60 50
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 50 25 30
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 30 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 40 25 15
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 55 40 20
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 155 60 95
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 81,390 39,810 41,580
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 10,940 5,285 5,655
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 16,515 7,670 8,850
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 53,935 26,855 27,075
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 81,390 39,810 41,580
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 6,985 3,540 3,445
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 920 465 455
Chinese 1,125 510 615
Black 805 455 345
Filipino 745 335 410
Latin American 680 360 325
Arab 160 95 70
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 380 200 185
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 75 45 25
Korean 185 90 95
Japanese 1,575 795 780
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 180 90 90
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 155 100 55
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 74,400 36,270 38,130
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 81,390 39,810 41,575
North American Aboriginal origins 4,575 2,395 2,180
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,150 1,680 1,470
Inuit 60 20 35
Métis 1,585 860 725
Other North American origins 19,235 9,465 9,770
Acadian 35 0 0
American 2,410 1,165 1,250
Canadian 17,570 8,635 8,935
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 25 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 66,610 32,320 34,295
British Isles origins 42,000 20,090 21,910
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 25,315 11,930 13,385
Irish 13,620 6,290 7,320
Manx 15 0 0
Scottish 18,580 8,990 9,585
Welsh 2,395 1,130 1,265
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,060 1,040 1,020
French origins 8,535 4,000 4,530
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 8,535 4,005 4,535
Western European origins (except French origins) 26,295 12,795 13,500
Austrian 1,060 470 590
Belgian 565 275 290
Dutch 7,145 3,610 3,540
Flemish 40 25 10
Frisian 40 25 0
German 19,005 9,265 9,740
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 665 300 370
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 10,235 4,975 5,260
Danish 2,225 1,170 1,050
Finnish 605 255 355
Icelandic 555 230 330
Norwegian 4,835 2,395 2,440
Swedish 2,865 1,380 1,480
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 350 150 200
Eastern European origins 17,185 8,040 9,145
Bulgarian 35 0 0
Byelorussian 40 25 0
Czech 785 315 470
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 890 380 510
Estonian 45 20 25
Hungarian 3,035 1,470 1,560
Latvian 35 0 30
Lithuanian 110 45 60
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 3,750 1,850 1,895
Romanian 765 340 425
Russian 3,305 1,470 1,840
Slovak 465 260 200
Ukrainian 6,620 3,040 3,580
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 4,745 2,460 2,280
Albanian 70 55 15
Bosnian 60 25 35
Croatian 310 125 185
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 260 175 85
Italian 3,050 1,555 1,495
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 45 25 20
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 115 55 65
Serbian 80 55 25
Sicilian 15 0 0
Slovenian 175 65 110
Spanish 535 330 205
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 220 100 115
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 555 275 280
Basque 20 10 10
Jewish 300 135 165
Roma (Gypsy) 65 45 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 25 0 15
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 145 80 70
Caribbean origins 275 125 145
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 40 30 0
Dominican 25 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 40 30 0
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 30 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 65 25 40
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 40 0 20
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 25 0 20
Latin, Central and South American origins 985 520 465
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 25 0 0
Chilean 80 40 35
Colombian 80 45 35
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 45 30 15
Guyanese 55 0 30
Hispanic 45 0 30
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 15 0 0
Mexican 325 155 165
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 15 0 0
Salvadorean 180 125 55
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 25 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 50 30 25
African origins 900 525 380
Central and West African origins 155 95 55
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 50 25 25
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 55 45 0
Yoruba 10 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 20 0 0
North African origins 110 50 60
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 10 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 25 15 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 20 10 10
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 50 0 35
Southern and East African origins 460 275 190
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 70 60 0
Eritrean 20 25 0
Ethiopian 110 60 45
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 55 35 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 100 35 60
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 45 20 15
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 190 115 80
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 40 30 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 150 80 65
Asian origins 5,885 2,930 2,955
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 505 285 220
Afghan 60 40 0
Arab, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 65 40 25
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 20 0 25
Jordanian 30 20 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 260 140 120
Palestinian 20 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 20 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 0 0 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 970 470 500
Bangladeshi 35 15 20
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 670 305 370
Goan 10 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 105 50 50
Pakistani 55 20 30
Punjabi 70 40 30
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 145 85 65
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,385 2,165 2,220
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 25 0 0
Chinese 1,315 610 700
Filipino 805 370 440
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 55 35 25
Japanese 1,775 920 850
Korean 185 90 90
Laotian 15 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 30 0 20
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 20 0 0
Thai 50 0 35
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 275 165 105
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 35 0 0
Other Asian origins 45 20 25
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 45 20 25
Oceania origins 460 160 295
Australian 190 70 125
New Zealander 160 35 125
Pacific Islands origins 110 55 50
Fijian 30 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 15 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 65 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 81,385 39,810 41,575
Buddhist 720 260 465
Christian 52,595 24,300 28,295
Anglican 3,090 1,385 1,705
Baptist 1,605 695 910
Catholic 16,945 8,020 8,925
Christian Orthodox 445 195 245
Lutheran 2,795 1,420 1,380
Pentecostal 875 420 450
Presbyterian 1,015 450 570
United Church 7,335 3,045 4,290
Other Christian 18,480 8,665 9,820
Hindu 480 245 230
Jewish 95 35 60
Muslim 610 360 245
Sikh 80 30 50
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 60 40 0
Other religions 350 180 170
No religious affiliation 26,405 14,350 12,050
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 81,385 39,815 41,580
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,770 1,980 1,790
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,050 1,105 950
Métis single identity 1,610 830 785
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 35 0 25
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 35 25 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 30 0 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 77,620 37,835 39,785
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 81,390 39,815 41,580
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,830 925 910
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 79,560 38,890 40,670
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 81,390 39,810 41,580
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,575 2,395 2,180
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,145 1,680 1,465
Métis ancestry 1,585 860 725
Inuit ancestry 60 20 35
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 76,815 37,420 39,395
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 10,880 5,235 5,645
Aboriginal languages 315 105 210
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 265 100 165
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 45 0 45
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,575 5,135 5,440
Italian 355 205 150
Portuguese 50 20 0
Romanian 265 120 145
Spanish 1,480 775 710
Dutch 1,030 545 490
Flemish 25 0 25
German 1,705 845 860
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 80 45 35
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 35 0 30
Afrikaans 75 30 45
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 55 35 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 170 65 105
Czech 110 0 100
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 535 245 295
Russian 210 85 135
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 35 10 25
Slovenian 55 0 50
Ukrainian 260 110 150
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 35 0 25
Greek 45 20 20
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 85 60 30
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 60 25 0
Hungarian 335 135 200
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 50 25 25
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 60 45 0
Arabic 200 115 80
Hebrew 30 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 85 55 30
Gujarati 110 55 55
Hindi 290 125 165
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 125 60 70
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 85 55 35
Nepali 165 80 85
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 110 65 50
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 20 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 545 225 325
Korean 190 105 80
Cantonese 250 90 155
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 135 50 90
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 205 235
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 70 30 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 20 0
Vietnamese 160 80 80
Bisayan languages 85 40 45
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 55 0 40
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 615 280 335
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 45 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 110 65 45
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 45 35 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 25 0
African languages, n.i.e. 45 30 20
Creoles 50 0 25
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 280 155 125
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 80,270 39,210 41,060
Non-movers 66,425 32,350 34,075
Movers 13,845 6,860 6,985
Non-migrants 8,715 4,360 4,355
Migrants 5,130 2,500 2,630
Internal migrants 4,270 2,055 2,215
Intraprovincial migrants 3,055 1,430 1,620
Interprovincial migrants 1,215 620 595
External migrants 860 445 415
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 76,270 37,150 39,125
Non-movers 39,795 19,230 20,565
Movers 36,480 17,915 18,560
Non-migrants 19,480 9,665 9,815
Migrants 16,995 8,250 8,740
Internal migrants 14,015 6,775 7,240
Intraprovincial migrants 10,060 4,890 5,170
Interprovincial migrants 3,955 1,880 2,070
External migrants 2,980 1,480 1,505
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 67,755 32,740 35,010
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,860 6,140 5,715
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,025 9,355 10,665
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,875 17,245 18,625
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,775 4,620 2,150
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,735 5,675 8,055
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,125 870 1,255
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,245 6,080 7,165
Bachelor's degree 9,390 4,035 5,350
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,855 2,045 1,810
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 43,860 21,590 22,265
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,725 2,820 1,905
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,200 5,200 6,000
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 27,930 13,565 14,360
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,760 3,325 1,440
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,825 4,590 6,240
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,490 655 835
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 10,850 5,005 5,850
Bachelor's degree 7,715 3,395 4,320
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,135 1,605 1,530
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 67,760 32,745 35,010
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 31,885 15,495 16,385
Education 3,100 880 2,225
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,330 510 815
Humanities 1,575 745 825
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,985 1,085 1,900
Business, management and public administration 7,185 2,560 4,630
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,490 675 825
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,010 575 435
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 6,955 6,565 385
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,505 1,085 425
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,550 1,445 5,100
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,190 1,120 1,065
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 67,755 32,745 35,015
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 31,880 15,495 16,390
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 35,875 17,245 18,630
Location of study inside Canada 31,810 15,150 16,660
Same as province or territory of residence 26,050 12,240 13,805
Another province or territory 5,765 2,910 2,850
Location of study outside Canada 4,065 2,095 1,965
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 51,730 26,405 25,325
Single responses 51,595 26,325 25,270
English 51,420 26,285 25,135
French 70 20 50
Non-official languages 105 20 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 20 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 0 0 0
Multiple responses 130 80 55
English and French 70 35 35
English and non-official language 65 40 25
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 51,725 26,405 25,325
English 51,420 26,285 25,135
French 65 15 50
Non-official language 105 20 80
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 105 25 85
English and French 70 35 35
English and non-official language 65 40 20
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 67,755 32,745 35,015
In the labour force 47,960 24,630 23,335
Employed 44,870 23,095 21,775
Unemployed 3,090 1,530 1,560
Not in the labour force 19,795 8,120 11,675
Participation rate 70.8 75.2 66.6
Employment rate 66.2 70.5 62.2
Unemployment rate 6.4 6.2 6.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 47,965 24,625 23,335
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 575 285 285
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,385 24,340 23,050
Employee 43,350 21,785 21,560
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,040 2,550 1,485
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 47,965 24,630 23,335
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 575 290 285
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,390 24,340 23,045
0 Management occupations 4,740 2,975 1,765
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,790 2,225 5,570
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,315 1,825 490
3 Health occupations 3,555 635 2,925
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,960 2,170 3,790
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,130 495 635
6 Sales and service occupations 11,540 4,540 6,995
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 7,370 7,075 295
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,065 855 210
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,910 1,540 370
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 47,960 24,630 23,335
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 575 285 285
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,385 24,340 23,050
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 825 570 255
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 570 500 70
22 Utilities 175 160 15
23 Construction 3,975 3,375 600
31-33 Manufacturing 3,570 2,765 810
41 Wholesale trade 1,660 1,180 480
44-45 Retail trade 6,360 2,970 3,390
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,590 1,375 215
51 Information and cultural industries 865 505 360
52 Finance and insurance 1,740 600 1,145
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 820 490 330
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,325 1,135 1,195
55 Management of companies and enterprises 55 15 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,560 860 700
61 Educational services 4,765 1,650 3,115
62 Health care and social assistance 6,210 1,070 5,140
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,130 600 530
72 Accommodation and food services 3,905 1,835 2,070
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,330 1,055 1,270
91 Public administration 2,955 1,645 1,310
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 47,965 24,630 23,330
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,960 1,025 930
Worked in 2010 46,005 23,600 22,405
1 to 13 weeks 2,330 1,095 1,235
14 to 26 weeks 3,800 1,685 2,120
27 to 39 weeks 3,090 1,580 1,505
40 to 48 weeks 6,960 3,470 3,490
49 to 52 weeks 29,825 15,770 14,050
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.6 45.1 44.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 47,965 24,630 23,335
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,955 1,025 930
Worked in 2010 46,005 23,600 22,405
Worked full-time in 2010 35,260 20,235 15,025
Worked part-time in 2010 10,745 3,365 7,380
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 44,870 23,095 21,775
Worked at home 2,010 865 1,145
Worked outside Canada 130 100 30
No fixed workplace address 5,480 4,215 1,265
Worked at usual place 37,250 17,915 19,335
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 42,730 22,130 20,595
Car, truck or van - as a driver 36,200 19,190 17,010
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,440 965 1,475
Public transit 1,415 595 820
Walked 1,810 750 1,055
Bicycle 470 360 110
Other methods 395 265 130
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 42,725 22,130 20,595
Median commuting duration 10.9 10.9 10.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 42,730 22,130 20,600
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 8,615 5,675 2,940
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 24,880 12,295 12,590
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,230 4,160 5,065
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 34,140 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 31,790 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,350 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 34,140 ... ...
1960 or before 8,035 ... ...
1961 to 1980 10,160 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,100 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,565 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,660 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,620 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 34,140 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,245 ... ...
5 rooms 5,020 ... ...
6 rooms 4,550 ... ...
7 rooms 5,165 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,160 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 34,140 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,265 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,650 ... ...
3 bedrooms 10,450 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 11,765 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 34,140 ... ...
Owner 24,530 ... ...
Renter 9,610 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 34,140 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,780 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 30,360 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 34,140 ... ...
1 household maintainer 19,515 ... ...
2 household maintainers 13,555 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,070 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 34,140 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,385 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,300 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,270 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,905 ... ...
55 to 64 years 5,945 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,615 ... ...
75 years and over 3,720 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 34,140 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 33,750 ... ...
More than one person per room 395 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 34,140 ... ...
Suitable 32,905 ... ...
Not suitable 1,235 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 34,100 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 25,520 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 8,580 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,200 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 24,525 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,016 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,093 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 280,102 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 298,484 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 9,610 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 895 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 917 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 67,755 32,745 35,015
Without income 2,365 1,075 1,290
With income 65,385 31,665 33,720
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 5,445 2,450 2,995
$5,000 to $9,999 4,395 1,340 3,055
$10,000 to $14,999 6,100 2,185 3,915
$15,000 to $19,999 5,620 2,150 3,470
$20,000 to $29,999 9,980 3,985 5,990
$30,000 to $39,999 8,235 4,050 4,190
$40,000 to $49,999 7,275 3,730 3,545
$50,000 to $59,999 5,320 2,990 2,320
$60,000 to $79,999 6,140 4,130 2,015
$80,000 to $99,999 3,475 2,110 1,365
$100,000 and over 3,410 2,540 865
$100,000 to $124,999 1,800 1,320 480
$125,000 and over 1,605 1,220 390
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,151 39,073 25,355
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 40,106 48,039 32,657
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 67,755 32,740 35,010
Without after-tax income 2,370 1,080 1,290
With after-tax income 65,385 31,665 33,720
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 5,570 2,520 3,050
$5,000 to $9,999 4,460 1,340 3,115
$10,000 to $14,999 6,295 2,265 4,035
$15,000 to $19,999 6,075 2,290 3,785
$20,000 to $29,999 11,660 4,985 6,675
$30,000 to $39,999 10,170 5,120 5,055
$40,000 to $49,999 7,595 4,245 3,350
$50,000 to $59,999 4,975 3,185 1,790
$60,000 to $79,999 5,155 3,200 1,955
$80,000 to $99,999 1,875 1,335 545
$100,000 and over 1,550 1,190 355
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,580 35,110 23,786
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,382 40,402 28,728
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.2 92.0 85.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 76.7 78.9 73.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.7 75.8 70.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.0 3.1 3.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.1 5.5 4.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.9 6.4 5.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.2 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.8 8.0 14.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.7 3.2 4.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.8 2.0 4.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 1.1 1.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 2.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.8 1.6 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.3 15.9 12.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.7 84.1 88.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.3 3.6 0.6
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 25,080 14,360 10,720
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 47,346 53,266 40,937
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 55,449 61,752 47,004
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 22,930 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,582 ... ...
Average family income ($) 90,810 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,934 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,864 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,805 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,703 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,094 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,060 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,979 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 9,050 ... ...
Median family income ($) 99,960 ... ...
Average family income ($) 110,658 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 86,817 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 94,157 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,245 ... ...
Median family income ($) 49,472 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,212 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 47,151 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 51,956 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 15,320 7,120 8,200
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,615 31,116 23,415
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,245 38,736 32,213
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,831 28,948 22,958
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,184 32,106 28,515
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 81,390 39,810 41,575
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 39,970 18,755 21,210
In bottom decile 7,595 3,520 4,070
In second decile 6,825 2,840 3,985
In third decile 8,350 3,830 4,525
In fourth decile 8,425 4,095 4,330
In fifth decile 8,775 4,470 4,305
In top half of the Canadian distribution 41,420 21,055 20,365
In sixth decile 8,460 4,150 4,310
In seventh decile 8,980 4,605 4,375
In eighth decile 7,935 4,075 3,855
In ninth decile 8,125 4,155 3,970
In top decile 7,920 4,070 3,855
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 34,140 ... ...
Under $5,000 835 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 525 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 900 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,430 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,775 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,300 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,270 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,230 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,410 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,785 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,445 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,095 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,130 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 34,140 ... ...
Under $5,000 885 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 520 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 920 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,465 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,325 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,860 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,755 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,750 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,805 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,840 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,015 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,995 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,030 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 34,140 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 62,298 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 76,816 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,289 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,849 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,215 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,265 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 40,590 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 29,471 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 34,271 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 24,925 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 76,289 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 90,211 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 67,473 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 77,525 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 81,390 39,810 41,580
Less than 18 years 16,595 8,635 7,960
Less than 6 years 6,235 3,075 3,165
18 to 64 years 53,750 26,335 27,415
65 years and over 11,045 4,845 6,205
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 9,745 4,395 5,350
Less than 18 years 2,415 1,275 1,145
Less than 6 years 1,195 610 580
18 to 64 years 6,690 2,995 3,695
65 years and over 635 130 510
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.0 11.0 12.9
Less than 18 years (%) 14.6 14.8 14.4
Less than 6 years (%) 19.2 19.8 18.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.4 13.5
65 years and over (%) 5.7 2.7 8.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Lethbridge, CY, Alberta (Code 4802012) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 7, 2020).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Lethbridge, CY, Alberta

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Census data

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Census data, Lethbridge, CY, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lethbridge, CY
Alberta
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 83,517 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 74,685A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 11.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,396 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 34,140 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 682.6 ... ...
Land area (square km) 122.36 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 83,520 40,570 42,945
0 to 4 years 5,180 2,705 2,480
5 to 9 years 4,290 2,170 2,125
10 to 14 years 4,345 2,200 2,145
15 to 19 years 5,220 2,610 2,605
15 years 945 495 450
16 years 935 465 470
17 years 945 515 430
18 years 1,080 530 555
19 years 1,315 610 705
20 to 24 years 7,690 3,695 4,000
25 to 29 years 6,935 3,575 3,360
30 to 34 years 5,635 2,860 2,780
35 to 39 years 4,955 2,485 2,465
40 to 44 years 4,790 2,330 2,455
45 to 49 years 5,620 2,760 2,860
50 to 54 years 5,990 2,890 3,100
55 to 59 years 5,500 2,630 2,870
60 to 64 years 4,660 2,195 2,460
65 to 69 years 3,470 1,640 1,830
70 to 74 years 2,720 1,230 1,490
75 to 79 years 2,455 1,115 1,340
80 to 84 years 2,085 840 1,240
85 years and over 1,980 645 1,335
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.4 35.9 39.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.5 82.6 84.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 69,700 33,500 36,200
Married or living with a common-law partner 39,470 19,690 19,780
Married (and not separated) 33,385 16,655 16,725
Living common law 6,085 3,030 3,055
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 30,230 13,810 16,420
Single (never legally married) 19,420 10,405 9,020
Separated 1,505 610 890
Divorced 5,065 2,010 3,060
Widowed 4,235 785 3,445
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 22,840 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,485 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 4,605 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 3,885 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,870 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 22,840 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 19,320 ... ...
Married couples 16,285 ... ...
Without children at home 8,345 ... ...
With children at home 7,940 ... ...
1 child 3,090 ... ...
2 children 3,265 ... ...
3 or more children 1,585 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,040 ... ...
Without children at home 1,940 ... ...
With children at home 1,095 ... ...
1 child 580 ... ...
2 children 345 ... ...
3 or more children 175 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,515 ... ...
Female parent 2,840 ... ...
1 child 1,730 ... ...
2 children 770 ... ...
3 or more children 335 ... ...
Male parent 680 ... ...
1 child 465 ... ...
2 children 160 ... ...
3 or more children 50 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 22,190 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,055 ... ...
6 to 14 years 7,625 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,645 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,030 ... ...
25 years and over 1,835 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 81,390 39,810 41,585
Number of persons not in census families 17,035 8,120 8,920
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,965 950 1,020
Living with non-relatives only 5,795 3,205 2,590
Living alone 9,270 3,965 5,305
Number of census family persons 64,355 31,690 32,665
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 11,055 4,990 6,060
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,480 920 2,560
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 285 75 210
Living with non-relatives only 175 80 95
Living alone 3,020 760 2,255
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,570 4,070 3,505
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 34,140 ... ...
Census-family households 22,405 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 20,405 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 17,670 ... ...
Without children 9,365 ... ...
With children 8,305 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,735 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,995 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,565 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,080 ... ...
Without children 575 ... ...
With children 505 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 490 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 430 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,740 ... ...
One-person households 9,270 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,465 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 34,140 ... ...
Single-detached house 22,160 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 725 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 775 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 10,480 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,035 ... ...
Row house 1,605 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,970 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,850 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 34,140 ... ...
1 person 9,270 ... ...
2 persons 12,860 ... ...
3 persons 5,300 ... ...
4 persons 4,240 ... ...
5 persons 1,670 ... ...
6 or more persons 800 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 81,385 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 82,855 40,285 42,570
  Single responses  81,945 39,850 42,095
    English  71,610 34,930 36,680
    French  815 410 405
    Non-official languages  9,520 4,510 5,005
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 15 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 15 10
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,165 4,350 4,815
        African languages, n.i.e 65 30 35
        Afrikaans  35 10 20
        Akan (Twi)  20 10 5
        Albanian  50 30 25
        Amharic  65 35 25
        Arabic  150 90 55
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 20 10
        Bengali  60 35 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  40 10 25
        Bosnian  25 15 10
        Bulgarian  5 0 5
        Burmese  10 5 0
        Cantonese  250 115 135
        Chinese, n.o.s.  485 220 265
        Creoles  15 10 10
        Croatian  160 75 85
        Czech  75 30 45
        Danish  55 25 30
        Dutch  860 410 445
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  25 10 15
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  1,445 680 765
        Greek  35 20 10
        Gujarati  95 45 50
        Hakka  0 0 5
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  75 40 35
        Hungarian  400 180 230
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Italian  285 150 130
        Japanese  320 130 190
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 10
        Korean  130 60 75
        Kurdish  20 5 10
        Lao  15 5 5
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  15 5 10
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  85 45 45
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  270 140 135
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Norwegian  25 15 10
        Oromo  15 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  85 40 50
        Pashto  25 15 15
        Persian (Farsi)  160 85 70
        Polish  435 185 255
        Portuguese  30 10 15
        Romanian  85 50 35
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 10 5
        Russian  110 55 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  40 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  10 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Slovak  65 25 40
        Slovenian  50 20 35
        Somali  5 5 5
        Spanish  1,010 520 490
        Swahili  40 20 20
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  455 185 275
        Taiwanese  5 5 5
        Tamil  10 10 0
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  35 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 5 10
        Turkish  5 5 5
        Ukrainian  285 115 170
        Urdu  75 45 30
        Vietnamese  190 85 100
        Yiddish  0 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 330 145 180
  Multiple responses          910 440 475
    English and French  125 60 70
    English and non-official language  725 350 380
    French and non-official language  45 25 20
    English, French and non-official language 10 5 10
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 82,855 40,285 42,570
  English only 78,160 38,145 40,020
  French only 40 25 15
  English and French 4,155 1,905 2,250
  Neither English nor French 505 215 285
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 82,855 40,290 42,570
  English 81,455 39,610 41,840
  French 780 400 380
  English and French 155 75 75
  Neither English nor French 470 200 270
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 855 435 420
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.0 1.1 1.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 82,855 40,285 42,570
  Single responses 81,650 39,710 41,940
    English 77,675 37,765 39,910
    French 295 140 150
    Non-official languages 3,675 1,805 1,875
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,585 1,755 1,830
        African languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Afrikaans 20 5 10
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 0
        Albanian 40 20 15
        Amharic 45 25 20
        Arabic 75 40 35
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 40 25 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 30 15 20
        Bosnian 10 10 5
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 5 0 0
        Cantonese 160 75 80
        Chinese, n.o.s. 310 145 160
        Creoles 0 0 5
        Croatian 75 35 40
        Czech 10 5 0
        Danish 5 0 0
        Dutch 70 30 35
        Estonian 5 5 0
        Finnish 5 5 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 150 65 85
        Greek 5 0 5
        Gujarati 75 40 40
        Hakka 0 5 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 35 25 15
        Hungarian 45 20 30
        Ilocano 5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 65 20 45
        Japanese 100 45 55
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5
        Korean 105 55 50
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 10 5 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 5 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 5 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 55 30 25
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 255 135 120
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 55 25 30
        Pashto 25 10 15
        Persian (Farsi) 115 55 55
        Polish 140 65 80
        Portuguese 10 5 5
        Romanian 50 30 25
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0
        Russian 45 25 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Serbian 25 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Sindhi 5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 5 5
        Slovenian 15 0 10
        Somali 10 0 5
        Spanish 620 320 300
        Swahili 15 10 5
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 235 110 125
        Taiwanese 5 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 15 10 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 10 0 5
        Turkish 0 0 0
        Ukrainian 25 10 20
        Urdu 45 25 20
        Vietnamese 150 65 85
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 95 50 50
  Multiple responses         1,210 575 630
    English and French 55 30 30
    English and non-official language 1,105 520 580
    French and non-official language 20 10 10
    English, French and non-official language 25 15 10
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 82,855 40,285 42,570
  None 77,300 37,615 39,680
  Single responses  5,445 2,605 2,835
    English  1,645 835 810
    French  620 275 345
    Non-official languages  3,180 1,495 1,685
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,805 1,325 1,485
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  10 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5
        Albanian  5 5 0
        Amharic  20 10 5
        Arabic  70 45 30
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  10 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5
        Bosnian  10 0 5
        Bulgarian  5 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  45 20 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  120 55 65
        Creoles  5 0 5
        Croatian  50 25 20
        Czech  15 5 10
        Danish  15 5 10
        Dutch  280 115 160
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  435 195 235
        Greek  20 10 10
        Gujarati  20 10 15
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  45 25 20
        Hungarian  100 35 60
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  90 50 40
        Japanese  135 60 75
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  30 15 15
        Kurdish  5 0 5
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  40 15 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  0 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  25 15 10
        Polish  125 50 75
        Portuguese  10 5 10
        Romanian  20 15 0
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  55 25 25
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 10 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  20 5 15
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  445 245 200
        Swahili  35 20 15
        Swedish  10 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  155 65 90
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  5 5 5
        Ukrainian  60 25 30
        Urdu  15 5 10
        Vietnamese  30 15 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 355 165 195
  Multiple responses          115 65 50
    English and French  15 5 10
    English and non-official language  40 25 15
    French and non-official language  65 35 30
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Lethbridge, CY, Alberta (Code 4802012) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 7, 2020).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Lethbridge, CY, Alberta

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

Download current census table

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Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Lethbridge, City (Census Subdivision), Alberta

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Lethbridge, CY, Alberta (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Lethbridge, City (Census Subdivision), Alberta

2011 NHS