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NHS Profile, Langley, DM, British Columbia, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Langley, DM, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Langley, DM
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 103,145 50,660 52,480
Canadian citizens 97,880 48,225 49,655
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,005 11,855 11,155
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,870 36,375 38,500
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 5,265 2,435 2,825
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 103,145 50,660 52,480
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 83,705 41,135 42,570
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 18,520 9,110 9,405
Before 1971 5,000 2,540 2,465
1971 to 1980 2,715 1,330 1,390
1981 to 1990 1,875 920 960
1991 to 2000 4,180 2,000 2,185
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,735 2,330 2,410
2001 to 2005 2,560 1,290 1,270
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,180 1,040 1,140
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 920 410 510
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 18,520 9,110 9,405
Under 5 years 2,490 1,265 1,220
5 to 14 years 3,855 2,110 1,740
15 to 24 years 4,255 1,965 2,295
25 to 44 years 6,605 3,080 3,525
45 years and over 1,310 695 615
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 103,140 50,660 52,485
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 83,705 41,140 42,570
Born in province of residence 62,185 30,725 31,460
Born outside province of residence 21,515 10,415 11,105
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 18,515 9,115 9,405
Americas 1,990 790 1,195
United States 1,125 370 755
Jamaica 50 25 25
Guyana 40 25 15
Haiti 40 0 0
Mexico 255 110 145
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 15
Colombia 90 45 45
El Salvador 35 20 15
Peru 45 30 10
Chile 55 15 40
Other places of birth in Americas 240 120 120
Europe 7,900 4,060 3,835
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,485 1,715 1,770
Italy 300 175 125
Germany 765 395 365
Poland 375 195 180
Portugal 80 45 25
Netherlands 1,065 545 520
France 115 55 65
Romania 215 115 100
Russian Federation 105 55 50
Greece 65 45 20
Ukraine 85 35 55
Croatia 105 50 60
Hungary 120 55 65
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 25 20
Serbia 50 20 0
Ireland, Republic of 60 25 35
Other places of birth in Europe 860 505 360
Africa 820 470 355
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 10 0 0
Egypt 65 35 30
South Africa, Republic of 460 270 195
Nigeria 30 30 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 70 40 25
Other places of birth in Africa 175 80 90
Asia 7,330 3,475 3,860
India 1,175 585 590
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 760 375 385
Philippines 790 325 465
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 190 85 105
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 535 225 315
Pakistan 40 20 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 165 90 75
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,060 1,005 1,060
Lebanon 20 0 0
Taiwan 810 420 390
Iraq 55 30 30
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 175 75 100
Turkey 30 25 0
Other places of birth in Asia 500 200 300
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 480 320 160
Fiji 75 30 40
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 410 285 120
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 920 410 510
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,175 1,035 1,140
Americas 240 65 170
United States 120 30 90
Mexico 50 20 30
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 15 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 35 10 20
Europe 290 160 130
France 0 0 0
Germany 50 30 25
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 125 60 70
Other places of birth in Europe 80 55 35
Africa 100 70 30
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 30 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 45 35 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 1,475 675 805
Philippines 200 100 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 85 20 65
India 95 45 50
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 810 385 420
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 90 30 65
Taiwan 150 80 65
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 15 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 103,140 50,665 52,480
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 19,780 9,690 10,090
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 25,045 12,080 12,965
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 58,320 28,890 29,430
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 103,140 50,660 52,480
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 13,805 6,835 6,970
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,765 1,425 1,340
Chinese 3,055 1,580 1,470
Black 470 300 170
Filipino 1,340 610 730
Latin American 650 315 335
Arab 225 90 135
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,115 530 585
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 185 105 80
Korean 2,705 1,265 1,440
Japanese 710 330 380
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 70 45 30
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 530 250 275
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 89,335 43,820 45,510
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 103,145 50,665 52,480
North American Aboriginal origins 4,410 1,990 2,420
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,715 1,175 1,540
Inuit 80 30 50
Métis 1,780 870 915
Other North American origins 26,850 13,175 13,670
Acadian 35 0 25
American 2,160 1,060 1,100
Canadian 25,490 12,500 12,990
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 25 20 0
Nova Scotian 15 15 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 25 0 20
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 80,105 39,240 40,865
British Isles origins 55,490 27,070 28,420
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 36,090 17,480 18,605
Irish 17,105 8,140 8,970
Manx 20 0 15
Scottish 23,850 11,385 12,470
Welsh 3,005 1,335 1,675
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,280 1,680 1,605
French origins 9,280 4,500 4,775
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 9,280 4,505 4,775
Western European origins (except French origins) 26,865 12,785 14,075
Austrian 1,285 515 770
Belgian 395 195 200
Dutch 8,445 4,130 4,315
Flemish 125 70 50
Frisian 45 35 0
German 18,720 8,955 9,770
Luxembourger 20 0 0
Swiss 585 250 340
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 10,705 5,195 5,515
Danish 1,825 885 940
Finnish 875 370 505
Icelandic 700 280 415
Norwegian 4,260 2,090 2,170
Swedish 3,960 2,040 1,920
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 340 140 195
Eastern European origins 14,960 6,975 7,985
Bulgarian 20 10 15
Byelorussian 50 30 20
Czech 425 260 160
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 135 50 80
Estonian 125 55 70
Hungarian 1,655 835 820
Latvian 40 15 25
Lithuanian 75 30 45
Moldovan 20 0 15
Polish 3,885 1,735 2,145
Romanian 770 375 395
Russian 3,430 1,645 1,785
Slovak 400 200 195
Ukrainian 6,125 2,790 3,335
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 30 0 20
Southern European origins 7,150 3,730 3,415
Albanian 115 65 50
Bosnian 50 0 0
Croatian 530 175 355
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 410 275 135
Italian 3,880 2,105 1,780
Kosovar 55 35 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 70 50 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 820 440 385
Serbian 130 60 70
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 125 45 80
Spanish 1,135 470 670
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 200 95 105
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 800 405 395
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 520 260 260
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 255 135 120
Caribbean origins 395 230 165
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 30 0 0
Dominican 10 0 10
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 40 0 0
Jamaican 195 110 85
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 105 55 50
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 35 20 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,060 470 585
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 65 35 30
Argentinian 55 25 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 40 0 35
Chilean 140 35 105
Colombian 95 50 35
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 45 20 25
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 25 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 475 220 255
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 35 0 15
Peruvian 65 25 45
Salvadorean 45 20 25
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 55 35 15
African origins 1,080 530 550
Central and West African origins 70 55 20
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 30 15 10
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 35 30 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 115 55 65
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 35 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 105 40 60
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 545 270 275
Afrikaner 15 10 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 30 0 20
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 425 210 215
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 30 25 0
Zimbabwean 20 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 30 0 0
Other African origins 385 180 210
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 385 180 205
Asian origins 13,480 6,535 6,945
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 795 400 390
Afghan 20 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 45 20 25
Armenian 45 15 25
Assyrian 15 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 235 135 100
Iraqi 120 60 55
Israeli 15 0 0
Jordanian 65 35 30
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 130 75 55
Palestinian 75 0 60
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 65 35 30
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 25 0 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 2,990 1,540 1,450
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,690 1,375 1,315
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 20 0 0
Pakistani 115 70 40
Punjabi 300 155 145
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 30 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 9,785 4,620 5,160
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 20 0 0
Chinese 3,470 1,705 1,760
Filipino 1,470 670 800
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 245 95 155
Japanese 940 425 515
Korean 2,750 1,280 1,465
Laotian 110 60 45
Malaysian 70 25 50
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 470 280 190
Thai 125 40 90
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 930 460 470
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 760 400 365
Australian 300 155 150
New Zealander 260 130 130
Pacific Islands origins 195 110 90
Fijian 125 75 50
Hawaiian 25 0 15
Maori 45 20 20
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 103,145 50,660 52,480
Buddhist 1,445 720 730
Christian 54,550 25,120 29,430
Anglican 5,055 2,215 2,840
Baptist 2,420 1,110 1,305
Catholic 13,515 6,490 7,025
Christian Orthodox 795 415 380
Lutheran 2,220 990 1,230
Pentecostal 2,760 1,275 1,490
Presbyterian 1,300 515 790
United Church 6,115 2,595 3,525
Other Christian 20,370 9,520 10,850
Hindu 215 120 95
Jewish 170 85 80
Muslim 575 285 290
Sikh 1,965 975 990
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 530 175 355
No religious affiliation 43,680 23,180 20,495
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 103,140 50,660 52,480
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,490 1,665 1,825
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,625 760 865
Métis single identity 1,790 870 920
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 50 0 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 99,650 48,990 50,660
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 103,145 50,660 52,480
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 610 275 335
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 102,530 50,385 52,145
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 103,145 50,665 52,480
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,405 1,985 2,420
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,720 1,175 1,540
Métis ancestry 1,780 865 915
Inuit ancestry 85 35 50
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 98,735 48,675 50,060
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 18,945 9,265 9,680
Aboriginal languages 25 15 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,925 9,255 9,670
Italian 610 330 275
Portuguese 225 125 95
Romanian 190 90 100
Spanish 1,515 665 850
Dutch 1,500 710 790
Flemish 0 0 0
German 2,335 1,015 1,315
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 195 105 90
Norwegian 40 30 0
Swedish 75 35 40
Afrikaans 240 140 105
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 10 0 0
Croatian 195 75 115
Czech 130 95 40
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 510 290 220
Russian 325 170 160
Serbian 80 35 45
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 60 35 25
Slovenian 25 0 0
Ukrainian 215 90 125
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 165 100 70
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 165 95 70
Estonian 25 0 0
Finnish 50 20 30
Hungarian 295 125 175
Turkish 45 30 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 295 135 165
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 35 15 20
Hindi 435 215 220
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,960 1,030 930
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 25 10 15
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 10 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 190 115 75
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 15 0 0
Malayalam 10 10 0
Tamil 15 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 450 260 195
Korean 2,615 1,235 1,380
Cantonese 375 175 200
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,520 840 685
Taiwanese 180 95 90
Chinese, n.o.s. 600 290 310
Lao 85 40 40
Thai 30 0 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 880 390 495
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 45 0 20
Malay 70 35 30
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 905 385 520
Akan (Twi) 15 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 45 0 25
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Creoles 15 15 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 290 140 145
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 102,110 50,035 52,075
Non-movers 89,830 44,100 45,730
Movers 12,280 5,935 6,340
Non-migrants 5,745 2,810 2,935
Migrants 6,535 3,130 3,405
Internal migrants 5,915 2,845 3,070
Intraprovincial migrants 5,320 2,575 2,750
Interprovincial migrants 600 275 325
External migrants 615 280 335
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 97,265 47,585 49,680
Non-movers 57,515 27,980 29,535
Movers 39,750 19,605 20,145
Non-migrants 18,240 9,015 9,230
Migrants 21,510 10,590 10,915
Internal migrants 18,770 9,225 9,540
Intraprovincial migrants 16,000 7,890 8,115
Interprovincial migrants 2,765 1,335 1,425
External migrants 2,740 1,370 1,375
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 83,790 40,780 43,015
No certificate, diploma or degree 13,075 6,985 6,095
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 26,030 11,650 14,380
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 44,690 22,145 22,540
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,515 7,565 2,950
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,375 6,335 9,040
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,970 2,000 2,975
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,820 6,245 7,575
Bachelor's degree 8,865 3,865 4,995
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,960 2,380 2,575
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 56,630 27,125 29,500
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,765 2,760 2,010
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 15,960 7,230 8,730
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,905 17,140 18,765
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,560 5,455 2,110
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,425 4,860 7,570
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,835 1,555 2,280
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 12,080 5,275 6,805
Bachelor's degree 7,750 3,285 4,470
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,325 1,990 2,340
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 83,790 40,775 43,015
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 39,105 18,630 20,470
Education 3,780 905 2,880
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,475 665 805
Humanities 2,440 1,015 1,430
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,000 1,165 2,830
Business, management and public administration 8,580 3,230 5,355
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,095 645 450
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,310 780 530
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,890 10,385 505
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,105 750 355
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,130 1,020 6,110
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,875 1,590 1,280
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 83,790 40,780 43,015
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 39,105 18,630 20,475
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 44,685 22,145 22,540
Location of study inside Canada 37,330 18,350 18,985
Same as province or territory of residence 31,020 15,125 15,885
Another province or territory 6,315 3,220 3,095
Location of study outside Canada 7,355 3,800 3,560
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 62,215 32,155 30,060
Single responses 61,825 31,910 29,915
English 60,940 31,510 29,430
French 135 50 90
Non-official languages 745 355 395
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 20
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 60 20 35
Mandarin 60 25 30
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 235 140 100
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 315 140 180
Multiple responses 395 245 145
English and French 55 20 35
English and non-official language 335 225 115
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 62,215 32,155 30,065
English 60,945 31,510 29,430
French 135 45 90
Non-official language 745 355 390
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 745 350 390
English and French 55 20 35
English and non-official language 340 225 115
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 83,790 40,780 43,015
In the labour force 58,535 30,685 27,850
Employed 54,975 28,850 26,125
Unemployed 3,565 1,830 1,730
Not in the labour force 25,255 10,095 15,160
Participation rate 69.9 75.2 64.7
Employment rate 65.6 70.7 60.7
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.0 6.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 58,535 30,685 27,855
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,065 565 500
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,475 30,120 27,350
Employee 49,360 24,915 24,440
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,110 5,200 2,910
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 58,540 30,685 27,855
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,065 560 500
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,470 30,120 27,350
0 Management occupations 7,790 5,110 2,685
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,900 2,230 7,670
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,995 2,450 550
3 Health occupations 3,165 520 2,645
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,565 2,345 4,215
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,350 580 770
6 Sales and service occupations 12,075 4,905 7,170
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 10,405 9,725 680
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,530 940 585
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,695 1,315 380
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 58,540 30,685 27,855
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,065 560 505
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,470 30,120 27,350
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,950 1,110 840
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 180 150 25
22 Utilities 340 270 70
23 Construction 5,990 5,170 815
31-33 Manufacturing 4,570 3,360 1,210
41 Wholesale trade 3,735 2,480 1,255
44-45 Retail trade 6,700 2,930 3,770
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,370 2,480 895
51 Information and cultural industries 1,140 675 470
52 Finance and insurance 2,095 750 1,345
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,285 695 590
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,055 1,455 1,595
55 Management of companies and enterprises 50 25 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,030 1,225 800
61 Educational services 4,170 1,270 2,900
62 Health care and social assistance 5,350 690 4,670
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,130 550 585
72 Accommodation and food services 3,775 1,480 2,290
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,870 1,395 1,480
91 Public administration 3,685 1,965 1,725
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 58,535 30,685 27,855
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,860 1,425 1,430
Worked in 2010 55,680 29,255 26,425
1 to 13 weeks 2,640 1,215 1,420
14 to 26 weeks 3,750 1,710 2,040
27 to 39 weeks 3,100 1,425 1,675
40 to 48 weeks 9,480 4,920 4,550
49 to 52 weeks 36,715 19,985 16,730
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.9 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 58,535 30,685 27,850
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,855 1,425 1,430
Worked in 2010 55,680 29,255 26,425
Worked full-time in 2010 42,515 25,370 17,145
Worked part-time in 2010 13,165 3,890 9,275
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 54,975 28,850 26,125
Worked at home 5,145 2,415 2,730
Worked outside Canada 225 155 75
No fixed workplace address 8,025 6,220 1,810
Worked at usual place 41,570 20,060 21,510
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 49,600 26,280 23,320
Car, truck or van - as a driver 42,705 22,945 19,760
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,605 1,255 1,355
Public transit 1,740 840 900
Walked 1,635 745 885
Bicycle 245 195 50
Other methods 665 300 370
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 49,600 26,280 23,320
Median commuting duration 25.1 30.2 20.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 49,600 26,280 23,320
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 14,850 10,430 4,430
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 25,030 11,105 13,930
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,715 4,750 4,965
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 37,240 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 35,710 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,525 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 37,235 ... ...
1960 or before 2,105 ... ...
1961 to 1980 9,635 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,995 ... ...
1991 to 2000 9,055 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,890 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,570 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 37,235 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 5,700 ... ...
5 rooms 5,025 ... ...
6 rooms 5,660 ... ...
7 rooms 4,875 ... ...
8 or more rooms 15,980 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 37,235 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 2,485 ... ...
2 bedrooms 7,675 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,310 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 13,765 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 37,235 ... ...
Owner 31,545 ... ...
Renter 5,695 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 37,235 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 7,460 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 29,780 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 37,235 ... ...
1 household maintainer 19,870 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,350 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,015 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 37,235 ... ...
Under 25 years 725 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,065 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,425 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,255 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,790 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,415 ... ...
75 years and over 3,560 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 37,240 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 36,775 ... ...
More than one person per room 460 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 37,240 ... ...
Suitable 35,735 ... ...
Not suitable 1,505 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 36,345 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 26,425 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,915 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,020 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,780 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 64.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 24.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,381 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,432 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 501,361 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 548,062 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 5,630 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,001 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,106 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 83,790 40,780 43,015
Without income 4,335 2,035 2,295
With income 79,460 38,740 40,720
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,680 3,785 4,895
$5,000 to $9,999 4,925 1,500 3,425
$10,000 to $14,999 6,510 2,290 4,225
$15,000 to $19,999 6,440 2,305 4,130
$20,000 to $29,999 9,760 4,155 5,600
$30,000 to $39,999 9,295 3,940 5,360
$40,000 to $49,999 8,350 3,835 4,510
$50,000 to $59,999 6,625 3,740 2,890
$60,000 to $79,999 9,140 5,995 3,150
$80,000 to $99,999 4,505 3,130 1,375
$100,000 and over 5,230 4,065 1,165
$100,000 to $124,999 2,725 2,025 700
$125,000 and over 2,510 2,040 470
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,749 43,427 26,254
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 43,055 52,974 33,618
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 83,790 40,780 43,010
Without after-tax income 4,355 2,040 2,320
With after-tax income 79,435 38,740 40,695
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,805 3,845 4,960
$5,000 to $9,999 5,070 1,535 3,535
$10,000 to $14,999 6,690 2,320 4,370
$15,000 to $19,999 6,920 2,580 4,345
$20,000 to $29,999 10,985 4,660 6,330
$30,000 to $39,999 11,485 4,965 6,525
$40,000 to $49,999 9,540 5,045 4,495
$50,000 to $59,999 6,980 4,590 2,390
$60,000 to $79,999 7,555 5,020 2,535
$80,000 to $99,999 2,940 2,215 720
$100,000 and over 2,470 1,980 485
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,963 38,824 24,574
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 36,645 44,124 29,526
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.4 93.1 86.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.8 81.4 72.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.6 76.5 69.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.2 4.9 3.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.7 5.0 6.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.8 5.9 5.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.1 0.7 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.6 6.9 13.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.3 2.8 4.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.5 1.9 3.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.2 0.8 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.3 1.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.9 16.7 12.2
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.1 83.3 87.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.4 3.4 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 30,930 18,315 12,615
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 52,671 59,951 43,944
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 60,791 68,775 49,198
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 29,345 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,986 ... ...
Average family income ($) 101,897 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 77,864 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,675 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,280 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,293 ... ...
Average family income ($) 90,822 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,725 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,275 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 14,625 ... ...
Median family income ($) 107,409 ... ...
Average family income ($) 119,268 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 92,782 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 100,843 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,555 ... ...
Median family income ($) 49,166 ... ...
Average family income ($) 59,027 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,350 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,808 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 10,575 4,940 5,640
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,721 38,946 28,543
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 40,719 45,001 36,966
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,564 34,586 27,710
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,725 37,279 32,486
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 103,145 50,660 52,480
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 41,270 19,675 21,595
In bottom decile 8,530 4,050 4,480
In second decile 7,080 3,100 3,985
In third decile 7,485 3,515 3,970
In fourth decile 8,425 4,070 4,360
In fifth decile 9,755 4,940 4,810
In top half of the Canadian distribution 61,865 30,985 30,880
In sixth decile 11,085 5,315 5,775
In seventh decile 11,470 5,890 5,580
In eighth decile 12,890 6,515 6,380
In ninth decile 13,515 6,745 6,770
In top decile 12,905 6,520 6,380
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 37,240 ... ...
Under $5,000 890 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 510 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 695 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,375 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,175 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,055 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,680 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,790 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,385 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,385 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,790 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,355 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,165 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 37,240 ... ...
Under $5,000 930 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 525 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 720 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,410 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,545 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,425 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,230 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,495 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,795 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,250 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,910 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,550 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,365 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 37,240 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 76,847 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 91,875 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,007 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 78,175 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 7,385 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 35,556 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 45,031 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 33,058 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 38,096 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,850 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 90,238 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 103,462 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 79,136 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 88,089 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 103,145 50,660 52,485
Less than 18 years 24,080 12,490 11,590
Less than 6 years 7,030 3,615 3,415
18 to 64 years 65,935 31,925 34,005
65 years and over 13,125 6,245 6,885
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 11,730 5,495 6,240
Less than 18 years 3,415 1,730 1,680
Less than 6 years 915 485 430
18 to 64 years 7,045 3,265 3,775
65 years and over 1,275 495 775
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 11.4 10.8 11.9
Less than 18 years (%) 14.2 13.9 14.5
Less than 6 years (%) 13.0 13.4 12.6
18 to 64 years (%) 10.7 10.2 11.1
65 years and over (%) 9.7 7.9 11.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Langley, DM, British Columbia (Code 5915001) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 3, 2020).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Langley, DM, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Langley, DM, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Langley, DM
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 104,177 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 93,726 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 11.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,114 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 37,237 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 338.2 ... ...
Land area (square km) 308.03 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 104,175 51,050 53,130
0 to 4 years 5,915 3,000 2,915
5 to 9 years 6,455 3,270 3,190
10 to 14 years 6,975 3,630 3,345
15 to 19 years 7,830 3,975 3,860
15 years 1,545 775 775
16 years 1,590 825 765
17 years 1,605 815 800
18 years 1,515 775 740
19 years 1,570 785 785
20 to 24 years 6,220 3,185 3,035
25 to 29 years 5,555 2,740 2,815
30 to 34 years 5,815 2,780 3,035
35 to 39 years 6,760 3,250 3,505
40 to 44 years 7,900 3,755 4,140
45 to 49 years 8,690 4,220 4,465
50 to 54 years 8,480 4,160 4,320
55 to 59 years 7,370 3,630 3,740
60 to 64 years 6,325 3,095 3,230
65 to 69 years 4,620 2,260 2,365
70 to 74 years 3,155 1,530 1,625
75 to 79 years 2,445 1,160 1,280
80 to 84 years 1,890 785 1,105
85 years and over 1,770 610 1,160
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.3 39.5 41.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.4 80.6 82.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 84,830 41,150 43,680
Married or living with a common-law partner 52,815 26,350 26,470
Married (and not separated) 46,555 23,220 23,335
Living common law 6,255 3,130 3,130
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 32,015 14,805 17,210
Single (never legally married) 20,860 11,190 9,670
Separated 2,085 840 1,240
Divorced 4,835 1,880 2,960
Widowed 4,235 890 3,345
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 30,095 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,850 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,290 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,010 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,940 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 30,095 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 25,970 ... ...
Married couples 22,845 ... ...
Without children at home 9,600 ... ...
With children at home 13,250 ... ...
1 child 4,415 ... ...
2 children 6,175 ... ...
3 or more children 2,655 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,130 ... ...
Without children at home 1,850 ... ...
With children at home 1,280 ... ...
1 child 600 ... ...
2 children 470 ... ...
3 or more children 205 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,120 ... ...
Female parent 3,150 ... ...
1 child 1,780 ... ...
2 children 1,005 ... ...
3 or more children 370 ... ...
Male parent 970 ... ...
1 child 630 ... ...
2 children 270 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 34,295 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,095 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,060 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,590 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,415 ... ...
25 years and over 3,135 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 103,140 50,660 52,480
Number of persons not in census families 12,775 5,845 6,935
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,210 875 1,330
Living with non-relatives only 3,205 1,790 1,415
Living alone 7,365 3,175 4,185
Number of census family persons 90,365 44,820 45,545
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,155 6,165 6,990
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,945 1,105 2,840
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 775 175 590
Living with non-relatives only 250 125 120
Living alone 2,925 795 2,130
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,205 5,065 4,150
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 37,235 ... ...
Census-family households 28,790 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,285 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,255 ... ...
Without children 9,710 ... ...
With children 12,545 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,030 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,510 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,270 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,700 ... ...
Without children 590 ... ...
With children 1,105 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 575 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,235 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,445 ... ...
One-person households 7,360 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,080 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 37,240 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,940 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,890 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 13,410 ... ...
Semi-detached house 980 ... ...
Row house 5,260 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 4,155 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 2,915 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 37,240 ... ...
1 person 7,360 ... ...
2 persons 12,305 ... ...
3 persons 6,220 ... ...
4 persons 6,995 ... ...
5 persons 2,705 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,645 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 103,135 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.8 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,380 50,725 52,655
  Single responses  102,235 50,190 52,045
    English  85,820 42,320 43,505
    French  1,025 500 520
    Non-official languages  15,390 7,365 8,025
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,275 7,305 7,965
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  105 50 55
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 5
        Albanian  45 25 15
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  165 85 75
        Armenian  15 5 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  25 10 15
        Bosnian  15 10 5
        Bulgarian  35 15 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  215 95 120
        Chinese, n.o.s.  665 325 340
        Creoles  15 10 5
        Croatian  125 65 60
        Czech  115 55 65
        Danish  150 65 85
        Dutch  1,055 505 550
        Estonian  20 5 10
        Finnish  70 30 40
        Flemish  15 5 5
        Fukien  15 5 10
        German  1,905 920 985
        Greek  100 50 50
        Gujarati  45 20 25
        Hakka  15 5 10
        Hebrew  10 10 0
        Hindi  145 65 75
        Hungarian  280 145 130
        Ilocano  20 10 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  390 235 155
        Japanese  230 90 140
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 10 5
        Korean  2,430 1,100 1,330
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  25 10 15
        Latvian  10 5 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  30 15 15
        Malayalam  10 5 5
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  950 480 470
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Norwegian  60 40 25
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,610 805 805
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  170 90 80
        Polish  310 140 165
        Portuguese  205 90 115
        Romanian  165 85 85
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 5
        Russian  275 115 155
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Serbian  50 25 25
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  55 25 30
        Slovenian  30 10 20
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  800 410 390
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  65 30 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  630 225 410
        Taiwanese  90 45 50
        Tamil  25 15 5
        Telugu  0 0 5
        Thai  30 5 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  30 20 10
        Ukrainian  190 85 105
        Urdu  50 25 25
        Vietnamese  795 400 395
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 105 50 60
  Multiple responses          1,145 535 610
    English and French  135 60 70
    English and non-official language  935 440 495
    French and non-official language  65 30 30
    English, French and non-official language 15 10 10
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,380 50,725 52,650
  English only 96,395 47,740 48,660
  French only 20 10 10
  English and French 5,760 2,470 3,290
  Neither English nor French 1,200 515 685
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,380 50,730 52,650
  English 101,045 49,660 51,385
  French 925 460 465
  English and French 235 115 130
  Neither English nor French 1,175 495 675
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,040 510 530
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.0 1.0 1.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,380 50,730 52,650
  Single responses 101,525 49,835 51,685
    English 94,230 46,320 47,910
    French 205 95 110
    Non-official languages 7,090 3,420 3,670
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,060 3,405 3,655
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 45 15 25
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 15 10 10
        Amharic 5 0 5
        Arabic 90 45 40
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Bengali 5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 0 5
        Bosnian 0 5 0
        Bulgarian 15 5 10
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 125 50 70
        Chinese, n.o.s. 395 205 195
        Creoles 5 0 5
        Croatian 30 15 20
        Czech 30 10 20
        Danish 5 0 0
        Dutch 85 35 45
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 5 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 5 0
        German 145 75 70
        Greek 30 15 15
        Gujarati 10 0 10
        Hakka 5 0 5
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 45 20 25
        Hungarian 80 40 35
        Ilocano 5 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 45 20 25
        Japanese 105 50 60
        Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
        Korean 2,020 915 1,100
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 20 10 10
        Latvian 0 0 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 5 5 5
        Malayalam 5 0 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 745 380 365
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 15 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,060 510 550
        Pashto 5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 75 35 40
        Polish 100 45 55
        Portuguese 35 15 25
        Romanian 55 25 35
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 120 50 65
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Serbian 30 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Sindhi 5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 15 5 10
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 425 225 205
        Swahili 5 0 5
        Swedish 0 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 195 95 95
        Taiwanese 55 25 30
        Tamil 10 5 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 5 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 20 10 5
        Ukrainian 10 0 10
        Urdu 15 15 5
        Vietnamese 595 295 300
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 25 10 15
  Multiple responses         1,855 890 965
    English and French 70 30 35
    English and non-official language 1,750 840 915
    French and non-official language 10 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 25 15 10
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,380 50,725 52,655
  None 94,950 46,695 48,250
  Single responses  8,300 3,970 4,330
    English  2,960 1,495 1,465
    French  725 330 395
    Non-official languages  4,615 2,145 2,470
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,550 2,110 2,435
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Afrikaans  55 30 30
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 0
        Albanian  10 10 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  50 20 25
        Armenian  10 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Bengali  5 0 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  65 30 30
        Chinese, n.o.s.  140 65 75
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  45 25 20
        Czech  45 25 25
        Danish  50 20 30
        Dutch  295 135 165
        Estonian  0 0 5
        Finnish  25 10 15
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  580 255 325
        Greek  65 30 40
        Gujarati  40 20 20
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  85 40 50
        Hungarian  80 35 45
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  175 105 75
        Japanese  120 50 70
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  280 130 155
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  10 5 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  15 5 5
        Malayalam  10 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  185 80 105
        Marathi  10 0 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Norwegian  15 5 10
        Oromo  5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  445 235 210
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  55 30 25
        Polish  130 55 70
        Portuguese  95 40 60
        Romanian  60 30 30
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 0
        Russian  75 30 45
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 10 15
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 30 10 20
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  10 0 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  400 205 195
        Swahili  10 5 0
        Swedish  40 20 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  265 80 180
        Taiwanese  65 40 20
        Tamil  10 10 5
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  25 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 5 0
        Turkish  10 5 5
        Ukrainian  30 10 20
        Urdu  25 15 15
        Vietnamese  165 90 80
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 65 30 35
  Multiple responses          135 65 70
    English and French  20 5 15
    English and non-official language  35 15 15
    French and non-official language  80 40 40
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Langley, DM, British Columbia (Code 5915001) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 3, 2020).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Langley, District municipality (Census Subdivision), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Langley, DM, British Columbia (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Langley, District municipality (Census Subdivision), British Columbia

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Langley, District municipality (Census Subdivision), British Columbia