NHS Profile, Niagara Falls, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Niagara Falls, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Falls
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 125,380 60,740 64,645
Canadian citizens 120,080 58,660 61,425
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,465 11,860 11,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 96,610 46,800 49,815
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 5,300 2,075 3,220
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 125,380 60,740 64,645
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 99,990 48,845 51,150
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 24,580 11,550 13,030
Before 1971 10,560 5,005 5,555
1971 to 1980 3,640 1,710 1,930
1981 to 1990 2,410 1,075 1,335
1991 to 2000 3,900 1,845 2,055
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,070 1,915 2,160
2001 to 2005 1,975 1,025 955
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,095 890 1,200
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 805 340 465
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 24,580 11,550 13,030
Under 5 years 3,085 1,540 1,545
5 to 14 years 5,105 2,715 2,390
15 to 24 years 6,425 2,705 3,730
25 to 44 years 8,485 3,950 4,530
45 years and over 1,475 640 840
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 125,380 60,735 64,640
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 99,990 48,845 51,150
Born in province of residence 90,975 44,565 46,405
Born outside province of residence 9,015 4,280 4,735
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 24,585 11,550 13,030
Americas 5,385 2,190 3,195
United States 3,400 1,260 2,140
Jamaica 250 85 165
Guyana 45 15 30
Haiti 50 30 25
Mexico 290 115 175
Trinidad and Tobago 105 45 60
Colombia 195 90 105
El Salvador 145 95 50
Peru 65 15 55
Chile 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 805 425 380
Europe 13,935 6,825 7,115
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 4,405 2,050 2,360
Italy 3,515 1,720 1,795
Germany 935 510 420
Poland 590 310 285
Portugal 165 105 60
Netherlands 640 360 285
France 75 30 40
Romania 140 45 95
Russian Federation 185 110 70
Greece 115 75 45
Ukraine 270 100 175
Croatia 480 225 250
Hungary 365 165 205
Bosnia and Herzegovina 370 175 195
Serbia 480 230 250
Ireland, Republic of 205 95 110
Other places of birth in Europe 990 510 480
Africa 740 315 425
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 55 25 25
South Africa, Republic of 80 55 20
Nigeria 40 25 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 55 0 50
Other places of birth in Africa 490 185 310
Asia 4,395 2,185 2,215
India 450 240 210
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 840 380 460
Philippines 1,020 450 570
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 150 55 95
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 345 185 155
Pakistan 135 65 70
Sri Lanka 60 35 30
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 80 55 25
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 290 170 130
Lebanon 50 30 20
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 110 65 45
Bangladesh 60 35 20
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 205 65 145
Turkey 185 105 75
Other places of birth in Asia 400 240 165
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 130 45 80
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 125 45 80
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 805 345 465
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,095 895 1,200
Americas 735 305 430
United States 370 135 235
Mexico 25 0 20
Cuba 40 15 30
Haiti 40 0 0
Jamaica 75 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 50 35 20
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 105 70 35
Europe 390 205 180
France 0 0 0
Germany 20 0 0
Poland 10 0 10
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 55 40 0
Other places of birth in Europe 240 120 115
Africa 255 50 210
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 200 35 165
Asia 705 330 375
Philippines 210 80 130
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 120 45 75
India 60 35 30
Pakistan 30 0 15
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 85 50 35
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 30 20 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 30 0 35
Turkey 55 45 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 60 25 30
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 125,380 60,735 64,645
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 25,660 12,050 13,610
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 29,410 13,955 15,455
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 70,310 34,730 35,575
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 125,380 60,740 64,640
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 10,140 4,670 5,470
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,280 670 610
Chinese 1,685 735 950
Black 2,325 945 1,380
Filipino 1,460 605 850
Latin American 1,145 550 590
Arab 205 135 70
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 645 330 320
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 170 105 65
Korean 340 190 150
Japanese 355 140 215
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 135 60 80
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 390 220 175
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 115,240 56,065 59,175
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 125,380 60,740 64,645
North American Aboriginal origins 4,400 2,145 2,255
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,630 1,795 1,840
Inuit 20 0 0
Métis 860 410 450
Other North American origins 34,695 17,075 17,625
Acadian 175 95 80
American 2,820 1,355 1,465
Canadian 32,845 16,150 16,690
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 95 35 60
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 20 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 30 0 30
European origins 101,435 48,950 52,490
British Isles origins 62,815 30,195 32,615
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 37,995 18,605 19,390
Irish 23,440 10,830 12,605
Manx 40 0 0
Scottish 24,410 11,485 12,925
Welsh 2,995 1,415 1,580
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,535 1,155 1,380
French origins 14,905 6,990 7,915
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 14,905 6,990 7,915
Western European origins (except French origins) 25,045 12,240 12,810
Austrian 685 340 340
Belgian 335 170 165
Dutch 5,945 2,860 3,085
Flemish 20 0 0
Frisian 25 0 0
German 19,685 9,640 10,045
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 490 245 245
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 30 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,320 965 1,355
Danish 375 145 230
Finnish 435 195 240
Icelandic 95 55 40
Norwegian 570 245 325
Swedish 880 350 535
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 20 75
Eastern European origins 15,110 7,110 8,010
Bulgarian 285 135 155
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 390 185 210
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 205 100 110
Estonian 65 30 35
Hungarian 2,960 1,375 1,585
Latvian 70 25 45
Lithuanian 220 100 125
Moldovan 40 0 25
Polish 5,260 2,605 2,655
Romanian 820 315 500
Russian 1,665 735 935
Slovak 450 195 250
Ukrainian 4,835 2,270 2,565
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 25,960 13,045 12,910
Albanian 110 75 40
Bosnian 210 115 95
Croatian 705 330 375
Cypriot 55 25 30
Greek 670 380 290
Italian 20,415 10,235 10,180
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 155 70 85
Maltese 475 270 200
Montenegrin 55 45 0
Portuguese 700 330 365
Serbian 1,395 700 690
Sicilian 100 55 40
Slovenian 330 140 190
Spanish 1,565 750 820
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 565 305 260
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 590 315 280
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 335 160 170
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 240 145 95
Caribbean origins 1,260 505 750
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 90 50 40
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 80 15 65
Dominican 20 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 110 30 80
Jamaican 530 190 345
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 25 0 0
St. Lucian 55 30 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 195 100 95
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 165 55 115
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 20 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,435 760 670
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 85 35 50
Argentinian 85 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 40 0 30
Chilean 65 0 50
Colombian 220 115 105
Costa Rican 60 50 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 80 35 45
Guyanese 30 15 10
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 385 210 175
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 30 15 20
Peruvian 80 60 20
Salvadorean 180 105 75
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 50 0 45
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 70 40 30
African origins 1,520 655 865
Central and West African origins 195 70 130
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 15 0 0
Ivorian 45 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 45 30 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 260 120 135
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 100 45 55
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 160 80 85
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 555 225 325
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 60 0 45
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 50 0 40
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 20 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 95 30 60
South African 125 85 40
Tanzanian 105 35 70
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 30 15 10
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 35 15 20
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 40 15 20
Other African origins 555 260 295
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 80 20 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 475 240 235
Asian origins 7,580 3,615 3,965
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,180 690 495
Afghan 65 55 0
Arab, n.o.s. 100 60 40
Armenian 155 65 90
Assyrian 55 25 30
Azerbaijani 30 25 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 155 90 65
Iraqi 70 40 25
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 25 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 45 20 25
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 210 115 100
Palestinian 10 15 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 10 10 0
Syrian 115 75 45
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 225 135 90
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 35 25 0
South Asian origins 1,515 740 770
Bangladeshi 50 0 35
Bengali 15 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,165 575 595
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 135 65 65
Punjabi 45 20 30
Sinhalese 15 0 10
Sri Lankan 65 35 30
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,965 2,240 2,730
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 45 10 35
Chinese 2,145 945 1,195
Filipino 1,550 675 880
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 30 0 25
Japanese 460 190 270
Korean 395 205 190
Laotian 85 45 35
Malaysian 10 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 25 20 0
Vietnamese 515 265 245
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 20 0 0
Other Asian origins 35 0 25
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 35 0 20
Oceania origins 175 60 115
Australian 140 55 85
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 125,380 60,735 64,640
Buddhist 610 305 305
Christian 93,080 43,245 49,840
Anglican 11,555 5,220 6,335
Baptist 1,960 810 1,150
Catholic 44,500 20,835 23,665
Christian Orthodox 2,280 1,065 1,215
Lutheran 2,790 1,170 1,615
Pentecostal 2,005 870 1,140
Presbyterian 4,235 2,060 2,170
United Church 9,105 4,180 4,920
Other Christian 14,650 7,030 7,625
Hindu 365 195 170
Jewish 415 155 260
Muslim 1,320 650 670
Sikh 115 50 70
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 100 50 50
Other religions 340 145 190
No religious affiliation 29,040 15,945 13,095
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 125,380 60,735 64,645
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,970 1,545 1,430
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,960 955 1,005
Métis single identity 735 370 365
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 80 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 155 120 35
Non-Aboriginal identity 122,410 59,195 63,215
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 125,380 60,735 64,640
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,215 690 530
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 124,165 60,045 64,115
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 125,380 60,735 64,640
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,405 2,145 2,255
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,630 1,790 1,840
Métis ancestry 855 410 445
Inuit ancestry 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 120,975 58,595 62,385
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 22,755 10,815 11,940
Aboriginal languages 110 70 35
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 50 35 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,655 10,745 11,910
Italian 6,350 2,985 3,370
Portuguese 300 160 135
Romanian 130 40 90
Spanish 2,005 1,050 945
Dutch 605 325 280
Flemish 0 0 0
German 3,055 1,405 1,650
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 45 30 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 70 45 30
Afrikaans 65 40 25
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 90 30 55
Bulgarian 120 65 55
Croatian 470 195 270
Czech 135 45 85
Macedonian 35 0 30
Polish 970 445 520
Russian 360 160 195
Serbian 1,195 655 540
Serbo-Croatian 70 20 50
Slovak 100 60 40
Slovenian 145 70 75
Ukrainian 450 175 275
Latvian 30 20 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 265 155 110
Armenian 80 45 0
Albanian 35 20 20
Estonian 30 0 15
Finnish 35 0 25
Hungarian 630 260 365
Turkish 240 140 105
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 60 30 35
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 505 275 225
Hebrew 50 30 20
Maltese 30 25 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 0
Bengali 105 55 55
Gujarati 190 105 85
Hindi 350 215 135
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 185 85 100
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 0 15
Urdu 210 95 120
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 65 35 35
Pashto 25 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 120 85 30
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 30 0
Tamil 45 20 25
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 360 165 200
Korean 345 185 165
Cantonese 440 190 250
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 315 155 155
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 680 315 360
Lao 35 20 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 0 25
Vietnamese 350 195 155
Bisayan languages 100 40 65
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 100 40 65
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,040 410 630
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 20 0 0
Swahili 145 45 100
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 70 0 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 135 55 75
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 555 210 340
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 124,405 60,220 64,185
Non-movers 112,275 54,450 57,825
Movers 12,130 5,765 6,365
Non-migrants 7,135 3,280 3,855
Migrants 4,990 2,485 2,510
Internal migrants 4,555 2,255 2,300
Intraprovincial migrants 4,140 2,070 2,075
Interprovincial migrants 415 185 230
External migrants 435 230 210
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 119,530 57,990 61,540
Non-movers 78,990 38,300 40,690
Movers 40,540 19,690 20,850
Non-migrants 23,460 11,330 12,125
Migrants 17,085 8,360 8,720
Internal migrants 15,070 7,485 7,585
Intraprovincial migrants 13,800 6,855 6,940
Interprovincial migrants 1,275 630 645
External migrants 2,010 875 1,135
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 106,065 51,190 54,880
No certificate, diploma or degree 21,585 10,430 11,160
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 33,260 14,875 18,385
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 51,220 25,880 25,335
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,140 6,960 3,180
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 22,965 10,155 12,810
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,525 1,765 1,760
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 14,585 7,000 7,585
Bachelor's degree 9,035 4,245 4,795
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,550 2,760 2,795
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 67,575 31,940 35,635
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,010 3,985 4,030
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,200 9,240 11,960
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 38,365 18,720 19,650
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,665 4,600 2,065
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 18,115 7,950 10,165
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,360 1,160 1,205
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 11,220 5,010 6,210
Bachelor's degree 7,155 3,190 3,970
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,065 1,820 2,240
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 106,065 51,185 54,880
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 54,850 25,305 29,540
Education 3,710 830 2,880
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,705 875 830
Humanities 2,735 1,105 1,635
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,020 1,685 3,330
Business, management and public administration 10,220 3,900 6,330
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,370 740 635
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,420 905 515
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 11,545 11,060 480
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,060 670 385
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,985 1,655 6,325
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,430 2,455 1,980
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 106,065 51,185 54,880
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 54,845 25,305 29,545
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 51,220 25,880 25,335
Location of study inside Canada 42,090 21,375 20,710
Same as province or territory of residence 39,895 20,295 19,600
Another province or territory 2,195 1,085 1,115
Location of study outside Canada 9,130 4,505 4,625
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 69,745 35,820 33,925
Single responses 69,390 35,680 33,710
English 68,900 35,560 33,335
French 270 25 240
Non-official languages 230 95 135
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 25 15 10
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 35 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 130 45 90
Multiple responses 355 140 215
English and French 135 50 75
English and non-official language 200 75 130
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 69,745 35,820 33,925
English 68,895 35,560 33,335
French 265 25 240
Non-official language 225 95 130
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 225 95 135
English and French 135 50 80
English and non-official language 200 70 130
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 106,070 51,185 54,880
In the labour force 65,805 34,070 31,735
Employed 60,230 31,155 29,075
Unemployed 5,575 2,915 2,660
Not in the labour force 40,265 17,115 23,145
Participation rate 62.0 66.6 57.8
Employment rate 56.8 60.9 53.0
Unemployment rate 8.5 8.6 8.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 65,805 34,070 31,735
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,725 905 815
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,085 33,165 30,920
Employee 57,970 29,340 28,630
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,115 3,825 2,290
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 65,805 34,070 31,735
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,720 905 820
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,085 33,165 30,920
0 Management occupations 6,325 3,610 2,715
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,420 2,440 5,975
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,650 2,295 360
3 Health occupations 3,825 740 3,085
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,410 1,990 3,420
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,850 795 1,060
6 Sales and service occupations 22,605 9,600 13,010
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,125 8,635 495
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,320 1,020 300
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,545 2,045 500
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 65,810 34,070 31,735
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,720 905 815
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,085 33,165 30,920
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 955 555 400
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 90 85 0
22 Utilities 670 505 170
23 Construction 4,250 3,870 375
31-33 Manufacturing 5,635 4,295 1,340
41 Wholesale trade 2,135 1,430 710
44-45 Retail trade 7,365 3,060 4,300
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,860 1,995 870
51 Information and cultural industries 790 390 400
52 Finance and insurance 1,815 455 1,360
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,115 650 470
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,470 1,235 1,235
55 Management of companies and enterprises 100 50 55
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,540 1,545 1,000
61 Educational services 3,330 1,100 2,230
62 Health care and social assistance 5,925 1,010 4,915
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 5,625 3,075 2,545
72 Accommodation and food services 10,170 4,355 5,815
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,655 1,410 1,255
91 Public administration 3,575 2,105 1,475
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 65,805 34,070 31,735
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,435 1,810 1,625
Worked in 2010 62,370 32,260 30,105
1 to 13 weeks 3,365 1,560 1,800
14 to 26 weeks 5,795 2,950 2,850
27 to 39 weeks 4,695 2,540 2,155
40 to 48 weeks 8,840 4,405 4,440
49 to 52 weeks 39,675 20,810 18,860
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.0 44.2 43.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 65,805 34,070 31,735
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,435 1,810 1,630
Worked in 2010 62,370 32,265 30,110
Worked full-time in 2010 47,785 26,665 21,115
Worked part-time in 2010 14,590 5,600 8,990
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 60,230 31,155 29,075
Worked at home 3,320 1,650 1,670
Worked outside Canada 825 435 385
No fixed workplace address 5,840 4,460 1,380
Worked at usual place 50,250 24,615 25,635
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 56,085 29,070 27,015
Car, truck or van - as a driver 46,530 24,715 21,820
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 4,160 1,595 2,570
Public transit 1,550 570 980
Walked 2,620 1,260 1,365
Bicycle 710 625 85
Other methods 515 315 200
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 56,085 29,075 27,015
Median commuting duration 15.4 15.6 15.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 56,085 29,070 27,015
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 12,655 8,765 3,885
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 28,445 13,000 15,445
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 14,990 7,310 7,680
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 51,855 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 48,130 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,725 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 51,860 ... ...
1960 or before 19,570 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,170 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,020 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,390 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,900 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,815 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 51,855 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,270 ... ...
5 rooms 8,010 ... ...
6 rooms 9,155 ... ...
7 rooms 9,145 ... ...
8 or more rooms 17,285 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 51,855 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,940 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,815 ... ...
3 bedrooms 24,260 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,845 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 51,860 ... ...
Owner 39,895 ... ...
Renter 11,960 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 51,860 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 2,375 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 49,480 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 51,855 ... ...
1 household maintainer 30,990 ... ...
2 household maintainers 19,845 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,025 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 51,855 ... ...
Under 25 years 940 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,110 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,400 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,210 ... ...
55 to 64 years 11,120 ... ...
65 to 74 years 7,710 ... ...
75 years and over 7,370 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 51,860 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 51,460 ... ...
More than one person per room 400 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 51,855 ... ...
Suitable 49,645 ... ...
Not suitable 2,215 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 51,585 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 38,655 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 12,930 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,180 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 39,660 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 19.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 938 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,041 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 219,483 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 258,802 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 11,960 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 18.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 749 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 772 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 106,065 51,190 54,880
Without income 4,265 1,755 2,505
With income 101,805 49,425 52,375
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,115 4,460 4,655
$5,000 to $9,999 7,920 3,085 4,835
$10,000 to $14,999 10,115 3,645 6,465
$15,000 to $19,999 10,310 4,140 6,170
$20,000 to $29,999 17,030 6,615 10,420
$30,000 to $39,999 13,345 6,205 7,135
$40,000 to $49,999 10,800 6,055 4,750
$50,000 to $59,999 7,085 4,385 2,700
$60,000 to $79,999 7,880 5,080 2,800
$80,000 to $99,999 4,430 2,785 1,640
$100,000 and over 3,775 2,970 805
$100,000 to $124,999 2,035 1,545 490
$125,000 and over 1,740 1,425 320
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,796 34,433 23,292
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,758 42,416 29,475
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 106,070 51,185 54,885
Without after-tax income 4,280 1,755 2,520
With after-tax income 101,790 49,430 52,365
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,360 4,495 4,865
$5,000 to $9,999 8,125 3,120 4,995
$10,000 to $14,999 10,445 3,845 6,605
$15,000 to $19,999 11,130 4,465 6,665
$20,000 to $29,999 19,750 7,795 11,955
$30,000 to $39,999 15,545 7,805 7,745
$40,000 to $49,999 10,625 6,625 4,005
$50,000 to $59,999 6,280 3,975 2,305
$60,000 to $79,999 6,810 4,410 2,395
$80,000 to $99,999 2,290 1,750 540
$100,000 and over 1,430 1,140 290
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,593 31,498 22,157
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,904 35,988 26,104
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 82.6 86.2 77.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 66.0 67.9 63.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 62.9 64.0 61.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.1 3.9 2.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.2 4.5 3.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 10.5 12.0 8.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.9 1.8 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 17.4 13.8 22.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.4 4.8 6.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.3 3.3 5.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.6 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.6 0.1 3.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.3 4.0 4.6
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 13.6 15.2 11.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 86.4 84.8 88.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.4 1.3 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 33,500 18,585 14,920
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,907 49,154 38,133
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,716 56,471 43,547
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 36,980 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,356 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,961 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,258 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,742 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 14,445 ... ...
Median family income ($) 63,443 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,585 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 56,777 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,824 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 15,165 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,960 ... ...
Average family income ($) 100,777 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 79,054 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,320 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 6,145 ... ...
Median family income ($) 43,926 ... ...
Average family income ($) 50,799 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,461 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 46,119 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 17,265 7,505 9,755
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,169 31,039 25,190
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,308 39,967 31,724
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,156 27,872 24,334
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,685 33,879 28,229
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 125,380 60,735 64,645
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 66,865 30,735 36,125
In bottom decile 10,100 4,655 5,445
In second decile 13,450 5,835 7,610
In third decile 14,810 6,525 8,290
In fourth decile 14,575 6,990 7,585
In fifth decile 13,920 6,725 7,195
In top half of the Canadian distribution 58,515 30,000 28,515
In sixth decile 12,415 6,180 6,235
In seventh decile 13,600 6,925 6,680
In eighth decile 12,505 6,560 5,945
In ninth decile 12,070 6,225 5,850
In top decile 7,920 4,115 3,800
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 51,855 ... ...
Under $5,000 945 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 685 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,740 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,395 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,455 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,340 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,885 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,190 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,555 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,820 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,700 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,565 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,590 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 51,855 ... ...
Under $5,000 960 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 680 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,765 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,520 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,255 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,660 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,660 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,565 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,315 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,320 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,940 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,380 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 51,855 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 56,537 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 70,198 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 51,655 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 60,659 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 13,785 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,342 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,909 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 26,934 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,727 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 38,075 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 69,267 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 81,889 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 62,280 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,772 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 125,380 60,735 64,640
Less than 18 years 24,135 12,160 11,970
Less than 6 years 7,180 3,430 3,740
18 to 64 years 78,375 38,020 40,350
65 years and over 22,875 10,555 12,320
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 16,645 7,410 9,235
Less than 18 years 4,250 2,120 2,130
Less than 6 years 1,555 805 755
18 to 64 years 10,810 4,785 6,025
65 years and over 1,590 505 1,085
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.3 12.2 14.3
Less than 18 years (%) 17.6 17.4 17.8
Less than 6 years (%) 21.7 23.5 20.2
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 12.6 14.9
65 years and over (%) 7.0 4.8 8.8

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Niagara Falls, Ontario (Code 35054) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Niagara Falls, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Niagara Falls, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Falls
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 128,357 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 126,696 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 56,742 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 51,858 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 252.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 508.78 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 128,355 61,995 66,365
0 to 4 years 5,850 2,960 2,895
5 to 9 years 6,415 3,330 3,090
10 to 14 years 7,080 3,530 3,550
15 to 19 years 8,235 4,280 3,960
15 years 1,630 855 775
16 years 1,645 850 795
17 years 1,645 855 790
18 years 1,640 820 825
19 years 1,680 900 785
20 to 24 years 7,545 3,880 3,660
25 to 29 years 6,570 3,280 3,290
30 to 34 years 6,520 3,130 3,395
35 to 39 years 7,330 3,530 3,800
40 to 44 years 8,515 4,100 4,415
45 to 49 years 10,210 4,975 5,230
50 to 54 years 10,335 4,960 5,375
55 to 59 years 9,680 4,625 5,060
60 to 64 years 9,245 4,375 4,875
65 to 69 years 7,215 3,515 3,700
70 to 74 years 5,645 2,630 3,015
75 to 79 years 4,705 2,165 2,545
80 to 84 years 3,810 1,625 2,185
85 years and over 3,450 1,120 2,330
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 45.1 43.8 46.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.9 84.2 85.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 109,015 52,180 56,835
Married or living with a common-law partner 62,455 31,270 31,185
Married (and not separated) 53,765 26,915 26,845
Living common law 8,695 4,350 4,340
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 46,555 20,910 25,645
Single (never legally married) 26,950 14,650 12,300
Separated 4,005 1,705 2,300
Divorced 7,355 2,930 4,430
Widowed 8,250 1,625 6,620
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 37,315 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 19,735 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,035 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,745 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,800 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 37,315 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 30,500 ... ...
Married couples 26,185 ... ...
Without children at home 13,090 ... ...
With children at home 13,090 ... ...
1 child 5,140 ... ...
2 children 5,620 ... ...
3 or more children 2,335 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,315 ... ...
Without children at home 2,505 ... ...
With children at home 1,815 ... ...
1 child 910 ... ...
2 children 605 ... ...
3 or more children 300 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,820 ... ...
Female parent 5,495 ... ...
1 child 3,265 ... ...
2 children 1,620 ... ...
3 or more children 605 ... ...
Male parent 1,325 ... ...
1 child 875 ... ...
2 children 360 ... ...
3 or more children 85 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 37,615 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,035 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,105 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,695 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,495 ... ...
25 years and over 5,285 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 125,380 60,805 64,575
Number of persons not in census families 19,950 8,825 11,120
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,535 990 1,550
Living with non-relatives only 3,595 2,000 1,590
Living alone 13,820 5,840 7,985
Number of census family persons 105,430 51,985 53,450
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 22,920 10,525 12,400
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 7,350 2,145 5,205
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 970 215 750
Living with non-relatives only 425 205 220
Living alone 5,955 1,720 4,235
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 15,575 8,380 7,195
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 51,855 ... ...
Census-family households 36,470 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 33,375 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 27,970 ... ...
Without children 14,365 ... ...
With children 13,600 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,410 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,095 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,270 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,410 ... ...
Without children 575 ... ...
With children 840 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 855 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 825 ... ...
Non-census-family households 15,390 ... ...
One-person households 13,820 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,570 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 51,860 ... ...
Single-detached house 38,165 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,640 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 170 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 11,885 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,260 ... ...
Row house 2,430 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,615 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 5,450 ... ...
Other single-attached house 120 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 51,855 ... ...
1 person 13,825 ... ...
2 persons 18,940 ... ...
3 persons 8,220 ... ...
4 persons 7,050 ... ...
5 persons 2,665 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,155 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 125,380 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,815 61,535 65,275
  Single responses  125,040 60,720 64,325
    English  102,740 50,080 52,660
    French  2,555 1,175 1,380
    Non-official languages  19,750 9,465 10,285
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 15 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  20 10 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,560 9,375 10,180
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  35 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5
        Albanian  25 10 15
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  440 250 185
        Armenian  20 15 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Bengali  40 20 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  30 5 20
        Bosnian  45 20 25
        Bulgarian  210 100 110
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  380 175 210
        Chinese, n.o.s.  780 395 380
        Creoles  80 35 45
        Croatian  260 110 145
        Czech  80 30 50
        Danish  45 20 20
        Dutch  630 320 310
        Estonian  25 10 20
        Finnish  45 20 25
        Flemish  20 5 15
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  2,455 1,145 1,310
        Greek  275 155 120
        Gujarati  260 145 120
        Hakka  5 5 5
        Hebrew  15 10 10
        Hindi  140 80 60
        Hungarian  560 255 310
        Ilocano  10 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Italian  4,875 2,410 2,465
        Japanese  185 50 125
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 5 15
        Korean  340 170 170
        Kurdish  60 30 30
        Lao  30 15 10
        Latvian  40 10 20
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  25 15 15
        Macedonian  25 10 15
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  60 30 30
        Maltese  30 20 10
        Mandarin  160 75 85
        Marathi  10 5 10
        Nepali  10 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  170 85 80
        Pashto  15 10 5
        Persian (Farsi)  140 75 70
        Polish  900 385 515
        Portuguese  190 90 100
        Romanian  155 70 85
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 5
        Russian  280 110 170
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Serbian  1,145 575 575
        Serbo-Croatian  60 30 30
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Sindhi  20 15 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Slovak  110 55 55
        Slovenian  75 30 45
        Somali  55 30 25
        Spanish  1,255 615 640
        Swahili  40 20 20
        Swedish  20 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  595 215 390
        Taiwanese  5 5 5
        Tamil  35 15 20
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  15 5 15
        Tibetan languages  10 5 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  195 105 85
        Ukrainian  405 170 235
        Urdu  255 135 115
        Vietnamese  390 180 210
        Yiddish  5 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 165 70 90
  Multiple responses          1,770 815 955
    English and French  315 150 165
    English and non-official language  1,310 600 715
    French and non-official language  110 55 55
    English, French and non-official language 30 15 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,815 61,535 65,280
  English only 117,670 57,590 60,080
  French only 85 30 55
  English and French 7,925 3,470 4,455
  Neither English nor French 1,135 440 690
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,815 61,535 65,275
  English 122,985 59,840 63,140
  French 2,395 1,100 1,295
  English and French 335 160 175
  Neither English nor French 1,100 430 670
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,560 1,180 1,380
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.0 1.9 2.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,815 61,535 65,280
  Single responses 123,955 60,160 63,795
    English 115,175 56,000 59,175
    French 640 305 335
    Non-official languages 8,140 3,855 4,285
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,110 3,840 4,270
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 25 10 10
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 15 10 5
        Amharic 0 5 0
        Arabic 265 140 125
        Armenian 5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Bengali 25 15 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 10 5 5
        Bosnian 25 10 15
        Bulgarian 125 65 65
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 260 125 140
        Chinese, n.o.s. 590 290 300
        Creoles 45 20 20
        Croatian 80 35 45
        Czech 20 10 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 25 5 15
        Estonian 0 0 5
        Finnish 10 5 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 605 280 330
        Greek 80 45 35
        Gujarati 150 75 75
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 55 35 25
        Hungarian 145 70 70
        Ilocano 0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Italian 1,485 630 855
        Japanese 100 45 60
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5
        Korean 260 135 130
        Kurdish 45 20 20
        Lao 10 5 5
        Latvian 10 5 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 10 5 5
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 5 0 0
        Malayalam 35 20 15
        Maltese 5 0 0
        Mandarin 125 65 60
        Marathi 5 0 5
        Nepali 5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 80 35 45
        Pashto 5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 85 40 50
        Polish 325 145 180
        Portuguese 60 30 25
        Romanian 75 35 40
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5
        Russian 135 65 65
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Serbian 735 355 380
        Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10
        Shanghainese 10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15
        Sindhi 5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Slovak 25 15 15
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 55 30 25
        Spanish 760 385 370
        Swahili 20 10 10
        Swedish 10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 205 90 115
        Taiwanese 5 0 5
        Tamil 10 5 10
        Telugu 5 5 5
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 10 10 5
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 165 85 80
        Ukrainian 95 40 60
        Urdu 125 65 60
        Vietnamese 270 120 145
        Yiddish 5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 20 10 10
  Multiple responses         2,860 1,380 1,485
    English and French 195 80 110
    English and non-official language 2,600 1,260 1,340
    French and non-official language 25 10 15
    English, French and non-official language 35 15 20
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 126,815 61,535 65,280
  None 114,890 55,985 58,905
  Single responses  11,655 5,420 6,235
    English  3,610 1,745 1,865
    French  1,415 605 805
    Non-official languages  6,635 3,065 3,570
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  5 5 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,530 3,015 3,515
        African languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5
        Albanian  5 5 0
        Amharic  0 5 5
        Arabic  135 80 55
        Armenian  5 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Bengali  15 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 5 0
        Bosnian  15 10 10
        Bulgarian  55 25 35
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  90 45 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  155 75 80
        Creoles  45 20 25
        Croatian  115 50 65
        Czech  25 10 20
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  180 80 100
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  10 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  720 340 385
        Greek  185 95 90
        Gujarati  65 40 30
        Hakka  0 0 5
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  110 55 50
        Hungarian  180 80 105
        Ilocano  0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  1,905 925 975
        Japanese  90 30 60
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  80 30 50
        Kurdish  0 0 5
        Lao  10 5 10
        Latvian  10 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  15 15 10
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  45 20 30
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  65 30 35
        Pashto  10 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  35 15 25
        Polish  245 95 150
        Portuguese  65 30 35
        Romanian  60 25 35
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  105 30 75
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  300 160 145
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 20
        Sindhi  10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Slovak  30 15 15
        Slovenian  30 10 20
        Somali  5 5 0
        Spanish  445 195 250
        Swahili  20 10 15
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  235 75 160
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  20 5 15
        Telugu  0 0 5
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  30 15 15
        Ukrainian  120 50 70
        Urdu  100 45 50
        Vietnamese  95 45 50
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 95 45 45
  Multiple responses          270 130 135
    English and French  25 15 15
    English and non-official language  55 30 25
    French and non-official language  180 85 100
    English, French and non-official language  0 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Niagara Falls, Ontario (Code 35054) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Niagara Falls (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Niagara Falls, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Niagara Falls (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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