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NHS Profile, Thornhill, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Thornhill, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thornhill
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 139,440 67,655 71,785
Canadian citizens 125,710 61,205 64,505
Canadian citizens aged under 18 26,580 13,615 12,965
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 99,130 47,590 51,545
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 13,725 6,450 7,280
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 139,440 67,655 71,780
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 63,225 31,440 31,785
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 74,060 35,360 38,700
Before 1971 9,450 4,560 4,890
1971 to 1980 9,595 4,575 5,020
1981 to 1990 12,305 5,900 6,410
1991 to 2000 21,570 10,335 11,230
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 21,145 9,995 11,155
2001 to 2005 12,740 6,015 6,725
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,400 3,980 4,425
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,150 860 1,290
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 74,065 35,360 38,700
Under 5 years 6,280 3,055 3,225
5 to 14 years 12,220 6,370 5,850
15 to 24 years 14,240 6,580 7,665
25 to 44 years 32,880 15,455 17,425
45 years and over 8,435 3,895 4,540
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 139,440 67,655 71,785
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 63,230 31,435 31,790
Born in province of residence 57,045 28,490 28,555
Born outside province of residence 6,185 2,950 3,235
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 74,065 35,360 38,705
Americas 6,100 2,750 3,355
United States 1,695 785 910
Jamaica 985 445 540
Guyana 790 385 410
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 160 70 85
Trinidad and Tobago 505 225 275
Colombia 295 130 170
El Salvador 80 35 45
Peru 105 30 75
Chile 105 50 55
Other places of birth in Americas 1,375 600 780
Europe 23,910 11,460 12,455
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,690 775 915
Italy 2,420 1,275 1,145
Germany 615 220 395
Poland 995 455 545
Portugal 495 220 275
Netherlands 135 50 85
France 255 125 130
Romania 1,560 755 805
Russian Federation 5,400 2,540 2,865
Greece 490 270 220
Ukraine 4,360 1,925 2,440
Croatia 165 70 100
Hungary 560 255 305
Bosnia and Herzegovina 175 120 60
Serbia 285 140 140
Ireland, Republic of 120 80 40
Other places of birth in Europe 4,185 2,185 1,995
Africa 4,875 2,380 2,500
Morocco 760 350 410
Algeria 25 0 0
Egypt 315 155 160
South Africa, Republic of 2,670 1,300 1,370
Nigeria 65 40 30
Ethiopia 30 0 20
Kenya 245 115 135
Other places of birth in Africa 765 395 375
Asia 38,920 18,625 20,290
India 2,900 1,405 1,495
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 5,805 2,690 3,115
Philippines 3,675 1,495 2,180
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 4,890 2,310 2,580
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,425 645 780
Pakistan 760 365 395
Sri Lanka 810 425 380
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 5,430 2,680 2,750
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 3,950 1,955 1,995
Lebanon 220 115 105
Taiwan 705 325 380
Iraq 350 170 185
Bangladesh 70 30 40
Afghanistan 255 150 110
Japan 175 65 115
Turkey 365 175 190
Other places of birth in Asia 7,130 3,630 3,505
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 250 145 110
Fiji 120 65 55
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 135 80 55
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,155 860 1,290
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,405 3,980 4,425
Americas 575 265 315
United States 270 135 135
Mexico 30 0 25
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 35 15 25
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 45 0 20
Guyana 30 0 25
Peru 20 0 15
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 125 60 65
Europe 2,025 970 1,055
France 0 0 0
Germany 60 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 165 90 80
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 55 25 30
Russian Federation 730 340 395
Ukraine 440 195 245
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 65 30 35
Other places of birth in Europe 505 265 240
Africa 170 95 70
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 105 65 40
Other places of birth in Africa 30 25 0
Asia 5,625 2,645 2,985
Philippines 730 240 490
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 810 350 465
India 355 185 170
Pakistan 50 25 30
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,280 600 680
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 755 390 370
Sri Lanka 105 40 55
Iraq 50 25 25
Bangladesh 40 20 0
Lebanon 45 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 115 65 50
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 25 0 0
Israel 710 390 315
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 60 25 40
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 415 225 190
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 139,440 67,660 71,785
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 76,700 36,505 40,195
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 37,270 18,500 18,770
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 25,475 12,655 12,820
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 139,440 67,660 71,785
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 51,465 24,675 26,795
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 9,350 4,725 4,620
Chinese 17,570 8,495 9,075
Black 2,505 1,130 1,380
Filipino 5,440 2,110 3,330
Latin American 1,255 540 715
Arab 785 425 365
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,420 625 795
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 5,820 2,920 2,900
Korean 5,055 2,565 2,495
Japanese 420 205 215
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 500 290 210
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,345 650 695
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 87,975 42,985 44,990
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 139,440 67,660 71,785
North American Aboriginal origins 470 200 270
First Nations (North American Indian) 330 125 205
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 145 70 80
Other North American origins 12,990 6,570 6,415
Acadian 20 0 0
American 1,240 565 675
Canadian 12,300 6,245 6,055
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 15 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 83,600 40,875 42,720
British Isles origins 15,260 7,545 7,720
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 9,045 4,515 4,530
Irish 5,515 2,680 2,835
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 5,640 2,650 2,990
Welsh 590 325 265
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,470 685 785
French origins 2,850 1,315 1,535
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 2,845 1,320 1,530
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,990 2,905 3,085
Austrian 845 375 470
Belgian 130 55 75
Dutch 1,150 560 595
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,995 1,890 2,105
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 225 155 70
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 45 0 35
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 930 410 520
Danish 205 90 110
Finnish 260 100 155
Icelandic 25 20 0
Norwegian 275 110 165
Swedish 190 90 95
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 25 0 20
Eastern European origins 34,595 16,520 18,070
Bulgarian 355 195 160
Byelorussian 805 400 405
Czech 440 270 175
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 205 105 100
Estonian 245 120 125
Hungarian 2,605 1,245 1,365
Latvian 430 225 200
Lithuanian 1,625 805 820
Moldovan 150 70 85
Polish 12,985 6,290 6,700
Romanian 3,180 1,600 1,585
Russian 17,015 7,995 9,015
Slovak 310 175 135
Ukrainian 4,965 2,265 2,700
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 635 265 375
Southern European origins 16,250 8,080 8,180
Albanian 405 205 200
Bosnian 100 65 35
Croatian 280 125 155
Cypriot 55 30 25
Greek 2,195 1,120 1,080
Italian 9,065 4,615 4,450
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 385 215 170
Maltese 200 105 95
Montenegrin 20 0 0
Portuguese 1,880 840 1,035
Serbian 645 395 255
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 160 95 70
Spanish 2,055 900 1,155
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 155 85 70
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 34,150 17,155 17,000
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 33,785 16,945 16,845
Roma (Gypsy) 25 0 15
Slavic, n.o.s. 50 30 20
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 495 265 225
Caribbean origins 2,525 1,085 1,445
Antiguan 25 15 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 140 70 70
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 30 25 0
Cuban 40 0 30
Dominican 15 0 0
Grenadian 50 20 25
Haitian 15 0 0
Jamaican 1,430 595 830
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 25 0 15
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 335 170 170
Vincentian/Grenadinian 40 0 30
West Indian, n.o.s. 430 175 255
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 60 0 45
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,350 1,055 1,290
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 55 0 45
Argentinian 315 155 160
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 90 35 65
Chilean 95 45 55
Colombian 410 195 220
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 230 105 120
Guatemalan 55 30 25
Guyanese 440 205 235
Hispanic 20 0 0
Honduran 70 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 140 45 95
Nicaraguan 30 15 15
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 140 55 85
Salvadorean 75 40 35
Uruguayan 85 50 30
Venezuelan 75 30 45
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 130 80 60
African origins 4,050 2,020 2,030
Central and West African origins 180 70 115
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 50 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 20 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 30 0 15
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 50 20 30
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 15 15 0
North African origins 1,915 925 995
Algerian 35 0 20
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 405 195 210
Libyan 25 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,435 665 765
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 50 30 25
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins 1,385 700 685
Afrikaner 20 10 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 35 0 20
Ethiopian 40 0 25
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 1,130 570 560
Tanzanian 40 25 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 45 25 20
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 15 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 55 30 25
Other African origins 635 365 270
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 190 80 110
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 445 285 165
Asian origins 52,530 25,100 27,430
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 12,505 6,065 6,440
Afghan 415 220 190
Arab, n.o.s. 235 130 105
Armenian 1,165 505 665
Assyrian 15 0 0
Azerbaijani 215 130 90
Georgian 110 65 45
Iranian 6,485 3,225 3,265
Iraqi 535 225 305
Israeli 2,110 1,000 1,105
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 40 30 0
Kurd 90 50 45
Kuwaiti 40 0 0
Lebanese 345 175 170
Palestinian 140 80 60
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 200 75 130
Tajik 90 45 45
Tatar 175 80 95
Turk 535 250 280
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 90 45 40
Yemeni 165 90 70
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 220 80 140
South Asian origins 9,555 4,830 4,725
Bangladeshi 25 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 7,555 3,740 3,815
Goan 55 15 40
Gujarati 60 25 35
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 670 360 315
Punjabi 140 95 50
Sinhalese 45 0 0
Sri Lankan 770 435 340
Tamil 385 205 175
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 200 75 120
East and Southeast Asian origins 30,785 14,385 16,400
Burmese 30 15 15
Cambodian (Khmer) 65 20 45
Chinese 18,660 8,890 9,765
Filipino 5,625 2,195 3,430
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 155 45 110
Japanese 485 230 255
Korean 5,215 2,630 2,590
Laotian 40 20 20
Malaysian 65 0 45
Mongolian 20 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 355 235 125
Thai 70 30 35
Tibetan 30 30 0
Vietnamese 1,180 480 700
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 40 20 0
Other Asian origins 95 50 50
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 95 50 50
Oceania origins 120 70 50
Australian 40 20 25
New Zealander 35 20 20
Pacific Islands origins 40 30 0
Fijian 25 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 15 15 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 139,440 67,660 71,785
Buddhist 2,950 1,305 1,645
Christian 52,865 24,635 28,225
Anglican 2,445 1,095 1,350
Baptist 1,465 645 820
Catholic 25,760 12,155 13,605
Christian Orthodox 8,005 3,880 4,125
Lutheran 595 250 345
Pentecostal 675 280 400
Presbyterian 2,730 1,270 1,455
United Church 2,295 1,000 1,300
Other Christian 8,895 4,065 4,825
Hindu 4,330 2,240 2,080
Jewish 45,715 22,315 23,400
Muslim 7,330 3,500 3,830
Sikh 730 375 355
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 20 10 15
Other religions 655 330 325
No religious affiliation 24,845 12,940 11,900
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 139,440 67,660 71,785
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 285 150 135
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 160 85 70
Métis single identity 95 50 40
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 139,155 67,510 71,645
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 139,440 67,660 71,785
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 90 25 65
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 139,355 67,635 71,720
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 139,440 67,655 71,785
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 465 195 270
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 330 125 205
Métis ancestry 145 65 80
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 138,975 67,455 71,515
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 84,310 40,145 44,165
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 84,305 40,140 44,160
Italian 4,830 2,395 2,435
Portuguese 1,015 445 575
Romanian 1,650 830 815
Spanish 4,030 1,830 2,200
Dutch 225 85 135
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,110 560 550
Yiddish 1,655 800 860
Danish 80 40 45
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 80 30 50
Afrikaans 770 380 390
Gaelic languages 40 0 0
Bosnian 25 15 0
Bulgarian 190 115 75
Croatian 195 80 115
Czech 105 55 50
Macedonian 260 105 150
Polish 805 360 445
Russian 16,870 7,950 8,920
Serbian 480 300 180
Serbo-Croatian 95 45 50
Slovak 145 80 65
Slovenian 70 35 35
Ukrainian 1,305 600 710
Latvian 55 20 40
Lithuanian 180 65 115
Greek 1,215 625 595
Armenian 880 380 500
Albanian 330 160 170
Estonian 90 35 50
Finnish 135 55 80
Hungarian 1,095 480 615
Turkish 620 335 295
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 20 0 15
Arabic 1,235 620 615
Hebrew 12,375 6,315 6,055
Maltese 35 0 15
Tigrigna 30 0 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Bengali 215 95 120
Gujarati 1,980 975 1,005
Hindi 2,270 1,105 1,160
Konkani 20 0 0
Marathi 175 90 85
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,160 575 585
Sindhi 170 80 90
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 65 40
Urdu 1,150 575 570
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 75 35 45
Pashto 100 70 0
Persian (Farsi) 6,525 3,180 3,345
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 165 90 75
Tamil 1,105 595 515
Telugu 65 35 30
Japanese 425 220 205
Korean 4,815 2,430 2,385
Cantonese 7,645 3,570 4,075
Fukien 75 20 55
Hakka 90 35 50
Mandarin 4,620 2,180 2,435
Taiwanese 210 135 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,295 2,550 2,750
Lao 35 20 15
Thai 75 30 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 20 40
Vietnamese 1,090 485 605
Bisayan languages 60 0 50
Ilocano 365 150 215
Malay 330 125 200
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 4,125 1,460 2,665
Akan (Twi) 25 15 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 140 75 65
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
African languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Creoles 90 50 40
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 665 355 315
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 138,270 67,070 71,200
Non-movers 125,840 60,955 64,890
Movers 12,430 6,120 6,310
Non-migrants 6,135 3,055 3,075
Migrants 6,295 3,060 3,235
Internal migrants 4,295 2,185 2,110
Intraprovincial migrants 4,030 2,045 1,990
Interprovincial migrants 265 140 125
External migrants 2,000 875 1,125
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 132,520 64,300 68,220
Non-movers 87,635 42,400 45,230
Movers 44,880 21,900 22,985
Non-migrants 21,145 10,465 10,675
Migrants 23,745 11,430 12,310
Internal migrants 16,110 8,010 8,100
Intraprovincial migrants 15,510 7,695 7,820
Interprovincial migrants 595 315 280
External migrants 7,630 3,420 4,210
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 116,625 55,915 60,710
No certificate, diploma or degree 13,715 6,495 7,220
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 24,760 11,770 12,985
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 78,155 37,645 40,505
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,145 3,000 2,145
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 17,055 6,925 10,130
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 7,760 3,600 4,160
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 48,195 24,120 24,070
Bachelor's degree 28,780 13,800 14,985
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 19,405 10,325 9,080
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 78,400 36,965 41,430
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,855 1,955 1,900
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,200 5,560 6,640
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 62,345 29,460 32,885
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,465 1,930 1,535
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,800 5,065 7,740
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,930 2,635 3,300
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 40,145 19,835 20,315
Bachelor's degree 23,490 11,115 12,380
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 16,650 8,720 7,930
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 116,625 55,915 60,710
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 38,475 18,270 20,205
Education 5,730 1,105 4,625
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,870 1,185 1,685
Humanities 5,070 1,855 3,215
Social and behavioural sciences and law 9,925 3,795 6,130
Business, management and public administration 18,740 8,830 9,910
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,290 2,130 2,155
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 5,160 3,045 2,115
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 14,305 11,790 2,520
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 685 410 280
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 9,375 2,635 6,735
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,000 865 1,135
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 116,625 55,915 60,710
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 38,470 18,270 20,200
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 78,155 37,645 40,510
Location of study inside Canada 47,195 22,770 24,430
Same as province or territory of residence 43,695 21,155 22,540
Another province or territory 3,505 1,610 1,890
Location of study outside Canada 30,960 14,880 16,080
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 84,140 42,675 41,465
Single responses 82,355 41,915 40,445
English 79,510 40,585 38,930
French 185 35 150
Non-official languages 2,660 1,295 1,365
Chinese, n.o.s. 480 220 260
Cantonese 330 160 170
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 145 85 60
Spanish 60 25 35
Korean 495 275 220
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,135 520 620
Multiple responses 1,790 770 1,020
English and French 260 105 150
English and non-official language 1,490 655 840
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 0 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 84,140 42,675 41,460
English 79,515 40,585 38,925
French 185 30 150
Non-official language 2,660 1,295 1,370
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 2,660 1,295 1,365
English and French 255 100 150
English and non-official language 1,490 655 840
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 0 25
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 116,630 55,915 60,710
In the labour force 78,525 40,035 38,490
Employed 72,880 37,250 35,630
Unemployed 5,650 2,785 2,865
Not in the labour force 38,100 15,880 22,220
Participation rate 67.3 71.6 63.4
Employment rate 62.5 66.6 58.7
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.0 7.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 78,525 40,035 38,490
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,820 975 845
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 76,705 39,060 37,645
Employee 64,280 30,725 33,550
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 12,425 8,330 4,095
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 78,525 40,035 38,490
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,820 975 845
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 76,710 39,060 37,650
0 Management occupations 9,970 6,455 3,515
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 16,565 5,560 11,000
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 9,010 6,565 2,440
3 Health occupations 5,105 1,630 3,475
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 10,050 3,110 6,940
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,930 1,280 1,645
6 Sales and service occupations 15,130 7,615 7,520
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,220 5,020 200
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 355 295 55
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,380 1,515 860
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 78,525 40,035 38,490
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,815 975 845
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 76,705 39,060 37,645
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 60 35 25
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 35 20 20
22 Utilities 495 325 175
23 Construction 3,390 2,775 615
31-33 Manufacturing 7,140 4,930 2,210
41 Wholesale trade 4,950 3,030 1,925
44-45 Retail trade 8,180 3,650 4,525
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,225 1,800 430
51 Information and cultural industries 2,830 1,500 1,330
52 Finance and insurance 5,735 2,895 2,840
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,425 1,270 1,160
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 10,755 6,200 4,555
55 Management of companies and enterprises 95 65 35
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,890 1,685 1,205
61 Educational services 6,680 2,015 4,665
62 Health care and social assistance 8,235 2,015 6,220
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,240 680 565
72 Accommodation and food services 2,805 1,445 1,355
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,835 1,410 2,420
91 Public administration 2,695 1,325 1,365
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 78,525 40,035 38,490
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,190 2,035 2,145
Worked in 2010 74,340 37,995 36,345
1 to 13 weeks 3,775 1,635 2,145
14 to 26 weeks 5,165 2,335 2,830
27 to 39 weeks 4,325 1,975 2,345
40 to 48 weeks 13,245 6,390 6,850
49 to 52 weeks 47,830 25,660 22,165
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.7 44.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 78,525 40,035 38,495
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,190 2,040 2,150
Worked in 2010 74,335 38,000 36,345
Worked full-time in 2010 59,410 32,680 26,730
Worked part-time in 2010 14,930 5,315 9,620
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 72,880 37,250 35,630
Worked at home 7,240 3,380 3,855
Worked outside Canada 555 375 180
No fixed workplace address 7,185 4,895 2,290
Worked at usual place 57,905 28,595 29,305
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 65,085 33,495 31,595
Car, truck or van - as a driver 48,500 26,945 21,550
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,470 945 2,525
Public transit 10,750 4,535 6,210
Walked 1,500 690 810
Bicycle 175 130 45
Other methods 700 250 455
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 65,090 33,495 31,595
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.4 30.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 65,085 33,495 31,595
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 9,090 6,115 2,980
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 43,375 21,335 22,045
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 12,615 6,050 6,565
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 46,710 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 45,260 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,445 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 46,710 ... ...
1960 or before 1,355 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,630 ... ...
1981 to 1990 14,500 ... ...
1991 to 2000 8,160 ... ...
2001 to 2005 6,760 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,300 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 46,710 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,970 ... ...
5 rooms 6,240 ... ...
6 rooms 6,730 ... ...
7 rooms 6,060 ... ...
8 or more rooms 17,710 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 46,710 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,790 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,555 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,085 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 20,275 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 46,705 ... ...
Owner 40,645 ... ...
Renter 6,065 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 46,710 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 12,885 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 33,825 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 46,705 ... ...
1 household maintainer 24,700 ... ...
2 household maintainers 20,640 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,365 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 46,710 ... ...
Under 25 years 355 ... ...
25 to 34 years 3,870 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,705 ... ...
45 to 54 years 12,115 ... ...
55 to 64 years 11,150 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,880 ... ...
75 years and over 4,625 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 46,705 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 45,160 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,545 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 46,705 ... ...
Suitable 43,425 ... ...
Not suitable 3,285 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 46,615 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 32,100 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,515 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,700 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 40,645 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 56.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 28.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,419 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,553 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 500,927 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 555,475 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 6,060 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 9.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 49.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,258 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,274 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 116,625 55,920 60,710
Without income 6,375 2,850 3,530
With income 110,250 53,070 57,180
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 14,820 7,595 7,230
$5,000 to $9,999 7,910 2,980 4,935
$10,000 to $14,999 8,920 3,235 5,690
$15,000 to $19,999 9,240 4,000 5,240
$20,000 to $29,999 12,765 5,610 7,155
$30,000 to $39,999 10,985 4,925 6,055
$40,000 to $49,999 9,200 4,205 4,995
$50,000 to $59,999 7,495 3,275 4,220
$60,000 to $79,999 11,215 5,850 5,360
$80,000 to $99,999 7,220 4,025 3,200
$100,000 and over 10,480 7,370 3,110
$100,000 to $124,999 4,330 2,730 1,600
$125,000 and over 6,150 4,640 1,510
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,262 35,971 27,203
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 47,947 58,007 38,611
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 116,625 55,915 60,710
Without after-tax income 6,405 2,850 3,555
With after-tax income 110,225 53,070 57,155
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 14,975 7,650 7,320
$5,000 to $9,999 8,070 3,020 5,055
$10,000 to $14,999 9,110 3,330 5,785
$15,000 to $19,999 10,135 4,365 5,765
$20,000 to $29,999 14,455 6,460 7,990
$30,000 to $39,999 13,415 5,975 7,440
$40,000 to $49,999 10,535 4,845 5,690
$50,000 to $59,999 7,635 3,840 3,795
$60,000 to $79,999 11,755 6,480 5,280
$80,000 to $99,999 4,535 2,910 1,620
$100,000 and over 5,605 4,180 1,420
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,761 32,640 25,299
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 39,092 45,974 32,701
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.5 93.8 88.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.9 82.5 73.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.9 72.1 69.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 8.0 10.4 4.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.3 5.2 7.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.4 4.3 4.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.9 1.7 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.5 6.2 11.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.3 1.9 2.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.1 1.6 2.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.6 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.0 0.1 2.3
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 2.0 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.5 20.7 15.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.5 79.3 84.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.9 2.2 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 41,975 23,390 18,585
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 55,152 60,708 49,489
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 72,203 83,738 57,684
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 38,955 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,663 ... ...
Average family income ($) 124,159 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,843 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 101,040 ... ...
Average family size 3.3 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,005 ... ...
Median family income ($) 78,807 ... ...
Average family income ($) 104,396 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,304 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,906 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 22,875 ... ...
Median family income ($) 116,613 ... ...
Average family income ($) 145,231 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 99,947 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 117,235 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,755 ... ...
Median family income ($) 58,680 ... ...
Average family income ($) 71,381 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,312 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,547 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 10,280 3,895 6,385
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,049 34,905 28,208
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,674 48,459 40,757
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,677 31,601 26,596
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,229 38,916 34,590
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 139,440 67,660 71,785
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 52,280 24,630 27,645
In bottom decile 10,615 4,985 5,630
In second decile 9,595 4,265 5,335
In third decile 11,560 5,440 6,120
In fourth decile 10,015 4,790 5,225
In fifth decile 10,495 5,155 5,335
In top half of the Canadian distribution 87,165 43,025 44,135
In sixth decile 11,665 5,720 5,945
In seventh decile 12,955 6,090 6,865
In eighth decile 16,130 7,955 8,170
In ninth decile 19,440 9,645 9,790
In top decile 26,980 13,610 13,365
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 46,710 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,055 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 690 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 935 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,455 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,650 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,900 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,035 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,110 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,060 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,100 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,150 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,165 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,400 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 46,710 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,085 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 700 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 950 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,500 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,865 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,795 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,830 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,110 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,710 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,725 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,365 ... ...
$125,000 and over 10,360 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 46,710 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 85,332 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 113,174 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 74,244 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 92,252 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 7,275 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 39,654 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 50,782 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 35,368 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 41,542 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 39,435 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 96,952 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 124,679 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 84,240 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 101,603 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 139,440 67,655 71,785
Less than 18 years 28,690 14,770 13,925
Less than 6 years 8,610 4,240 4,370
18 to 64 years 92,360 44,345 48,015
65 years and over 18,390 8,550 9,840
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,290 7,225 8,070
Less than 18 years 3,080 1,585 1,500
Less than 6 years 745 355 390
18 to 64 years 10,535 5,035 5,495
65 years and over 1,680 600 1,080
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 11.0 10.7 11.2
Less than 18 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.8
Less than 6 years (%) 8.7 8.4 8.9
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.4 11.4
65 years and over (%) 9.1 7.0 11.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Thornhill, Ontario (Code 35089) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 7, 2020).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Thornhill, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Thornhill, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thornhill
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 140,265 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 131,978 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 6.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 47,663 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,706 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,852.2 ... ...
Land area (square km) 75.73 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 140,265 67,840 72,420
0 to 4 years 6,825 3,455 3,365
5 to 9 years 7,635 3,980 3,655
10 to 14 years 8,290 4,285 4,005
15 to 19 years 9,795 5,080 4,715
15 years 1,885 945 935
16 years 1,940 1,005 935
17 years 1,960 1,005 950
18 years 2,030 1,090 945
19 years 1,990 1,035 955
20 to 24 years 10,035 5,240 4,800
25 to 29 years 8,495 4,335 4,155
30 to 34 years 7,495 3,395 4,100
35 to 39 years 9,040 4,105 4,935
40 to 44 years 10,020 4,665 5,355
45 to 49 years 11,155 5,170 5,985
50 to 54 years 11,830 5,545 6,285
55 to 59 years 10,780 5,080 5,705
60 to 64 years 9,770 4,750 5,020
65 to 69 years 6,020 2,920 3,100
70 to 74 years 4,740 2,220 2,520
75 to 79 years 3,560 1,645 1,915
80 to 84 years 2,500 1,070 1,425
85 years and over 2,275 895 1,385
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.3 40.0 42.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.8 82.7 84.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 117,520 56,120 61,400
Married or living with a common-law partner 71,510 35,490 36,015
Married (and not separated) 68,310 33,900 34,415
Living common law 3,195 1,595 1,600
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 46,010 20,625 25,385
Single (never legally married) 32,735 17,120 15,620
Separated 2,310 845 1,465
Divorced 5,380 1,725 3,650
Widowed 5,590 940 4,650
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 40,315 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 15,210 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 10,390 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 10,700 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 4,005 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 40,310 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 34,820 ... ...
Married couples 33,225 ... ...
Without children at home 10,945 ... ...
With children at home 22,280 ... ...
1 child 8,335 ... ...
2 children 10,100 ... ...
3 or more children 3,850 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,595 ... ...
Without children at home 965 ... ...
With children at home 630 ... ...
1 child 340 ... ...
2 children 215 ... ...
3 or more children 80 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,495 ... ...
Female parent 4,495 ... ...
1 child 2,670 ... ...
2 children 1,425 ... ...
3 or more children 395 ... ...
Male parent 995 ... ...
1 child 640 ... ...
2 children 290 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 50,640 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,330 ... ...
6 to 14 years 14,345 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,690 ... ...
18 to 24 years 13,000 ... ...
25 years and over 9,275 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 139,400 67,585 71,820
Number of persons not in census families 13,630 4,945 8,680
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,315 1,015 2,295
Living with non-relatives only 2,960 1,140 1,825
Living alone 7,360 2,790 4,565
Number of census family persons 125,770 62,630 63,135
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 18,330 8,540 9,795
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,805 1,040 3,765
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,560 260 1,300
Living with non-relatives only 285 110 170
Living alone 2,960 665 2,295
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 13,525 7,505 6,030
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 46,705 ... ...
Census-family households 38,430 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 33,240 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 29,155 ... ...
Without children 9,870 ... ...
With children 19,280 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,090 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 5,185 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,400 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,740 ... ...
Without children 535 ... ...
With children 2,200 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 665 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,785 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,280 ... ...
One-person households 7,355 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 920 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 46,705 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,835 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 10,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 10,565 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,595 ... ...
Row house 6,460 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,825 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 680 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 46,705 ... ...
1 person 7,355 ... ...
2 persons 13,010 ... ...
3 persons 9,605 ... ...
4 persons 10,245 ... ...
5 persons 4,180 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,310 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 139,400 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,995 67,740 72,250
  Single responses  136,115 65,940 70,180
    English  64,740 32,165 32,575
    French  1,275 585 685
    Non-official languages  70,105 33,190 36,920
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 69,635 32,965 36,670
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  40 25 20
        Akan (Twi)  20 5 10
        Albanian  200 105 100
        Amharic  25 10 15
        Arabic  850 430 420
        Armenian  645 300 340
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Bengali  210 115 95
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  80 30 55
        Bosnian  15 10 5
        Bulgarian  195 100 95
        Burmese  20 10 15
        Cantonese  6,170 2,895 3,275
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,325 2,500 2,825
        Creoles  40 15 25
        Croatian  120 50 70
        Czech  75 40 35
        Danish  35 20 20
        Dutch  140 60 80
        Estonian  70 25 45
        Finnish  80 25 45
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  90 45 50
        German  580 275 310
        Greek  835 410 420
        Gujarati  1,380 655 730
        Hakka  120 50 75
        Hebrew  4,270 2,220 2,050
        Hindi  580 295 290
        Hungarian  925 400 525
        Ilocano  290 115 175
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Italian  3,495 1,695 1,805
        Japanese  205 90 115
        Khmer (Cambodian)  50 20 20
        Korean  4,420 2,180 2,240
        Kurdish  70 40 30
        Lao  50 25 25
        Latvian  70 30 35
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  95 40 50
        Macedonian  145 70 70
        Malay  95 35 55
        Malayalam  120 60 60
        Maltese  20 15 10
        Mandarin  2,865 1,345 1,525
        Marathi  70 35 40
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  15 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  705 360 345
        Pashto  20 10 10
        Persian (Farsi)  5,550 2,810 2,740
        Polish  795 350 445
        Portuguese  885 400 485
        Romanian  1,500 720 775
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  14,815 7,040 7,775
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Serbian  455 220 230
        Serbo-Croatian  45 20 25
        Shanghainese  40 20 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  115 50 60
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  70 30 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slovak  105 50 55
        Slovenian  45 20 25
        Somali  15 10 10
        Spanish  2,170 1,010 1,160
        Swahili  25 15 10
        Swedish  20 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  3,140 1,025 2,115
        Taiwanese  120 65 55
        Tamil  680 340 340
        Telugu  60 30 25
        Thai  40 10 30
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  35 15 15
        Turkish  320 160 160
        Ukrainian  415 190 225
        Urdu  455 225 235
        Vietnamese  605 280 330
        Yiddish  1,050 485 565
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 465 225 250
  Multiple responses          3,880 1,800 2,075
    English and French  215 95 120
    English and non-official language  3,340 1,560 1,775
    French and non-official language  215 100 115
    English, French and non-official language 110 45 65
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,995 67,740 72,255
  English only 123,315 60,600 62,715
  French only 90 30 60
  English and French 11,270 5,030 6,240
  Neither English nor French 5,320 2,080 3,240
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,995 67,740 72,255
  English 131,535 64,255 67,280
  French 1,450 655 795
  English and French 1,770 790 980
  Neither English nor French 5,245 2,045 3,200
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,335 1,050 1,285
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.7 1.6 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,995 67,745 72,250
  Single responses 130,025 62,945 67,080
    English 87,710 42,820 44,885
    French 445 195 250
    Non-official languages 41,875 19,925 21,945
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 41,660 19,820 21,840
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 15 5 10
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 5
        Albanian 105 55 45
        Amharic 15 5 10
        Arabic 340 160 175
        Armenian 365 170 200
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 110 55 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 5 0
        Bosnian 5 5 5
        Bulgarian 105 55 50
        Burmese 15 5 10
        Cantonese 5,185 2,390 2,800
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,525 1,640 1,880
        Creoles 20 5 10
        Croatian 35 15 15
        Czech 5 5 5
        Danish 5 5 0
        Dutch 10 5 0
        Estonian 30 10 20
        Finnish 20 10 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 25 10 10
        German 85 40 50
        Greek 285 135 150
        Gujarati 775 370 400
        Hakka 45 20 25
        Hebrew 2,115 1,035 1,085
        Hindi 250 130 125
        Hungarian 270 110 160
        Ilocano 135 60 70
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Italian 1,120 505 615
        Japanese 125 55 65
        Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 15
        Korean 3,475 1,720 1,755
        Kurdish 35 20 15
        Lao 25 5 10
        Latvian 25 10 10
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 35 15 20
        Macedonian 45 25 25
        Malay 35 15 15
        Malayalam 50 30 25
        Maltese 5 5 0
        Mandarin 2,245 1,095 1,160
        Marathi 20 5 5
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 390 190 205
        Pashto 15 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 4,035 2,005 2,030
        Polish 165 75 90
        Portuguese 395 190 205
        Romanian 785 375 415
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 10,340 4,970 5,370
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
        Serbian 245 115 130
        Serbo-Croatian 20 5 10
        Shanghainese 15 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5
        Sindhi 40 20 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 25 15 15
        Slovenian 20 10 10
        Somali 5 0 0
        Spanish 1,130 520 610
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,270 520 745
        Taiwanese 60 35 25
        Tamil 435 210 220
        Telugu 25 10 10
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 20 5 10
        Turkish 160 75 85
        Ukrainian 145 65 75
        Urdu 240 105 125
        Vietnamese 380 180 200
        Yiddish 60 25 30
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 215 115 105
  Multiple responses         9,965 4,795 5,170
    English and French 170 65 105
    English and non-official language 9,595 4,630 4,960
    French and non-official language 50 25 30
    English, French and non-official language 155 75 80
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 139,995 67,740 72,255
  None 100,260 48,840 51,420
  Single responses  38,815 18,490 20,320
    English  17,510 8,510 9,000
    French  895 390 505
    Non-official languages  20,405 9,590 10,820
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 20,265 9,525 10,745
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  25 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 10
        Albanian  45 25 20
        Amharic  10 0 0
        Arabic  315 160 160
        Armenian  170 85 85
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  70 35 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  25 5 20
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  30 15 15
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  1,375 645 725
        Chinese, n.o.s.  985 465 525
        Creoles  20 10 5
        Croatian  40 20 30
        Czech  20 5 15
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  50 25 25
        Estonian  30 10 20
        Finnish  20 5 15
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  35 20 15
        German  225 95 125
        Greek  500 250 250
        Gujarati  515 245 270
        Hakka  40 20 20
        Hebrew  3,045 1,510 1,540
        Hindi  380 175 200
        Hungarian  305 125 180
        Ilocano  90 35 60
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 5 15
        Italian  1,505 710 795
        Japanese  100 55 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  730 360 370
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  15 10 5
        Latvian  20 10 10
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  45 20 20
        Malay  20 15 10
        Malayalam  35 15 20
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  580 270 315
        Marathi  25 15 15
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  250 140 115
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  970 505 465
        Polish  235 105 130
        Portuguese  345 150 195
        Romanian  385 175 210
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  2,925 1,370 1,555
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Serbian  175 95 80
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 10
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  65 30 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 10 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Slovak  35 15 15
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  15 5 10
        Spanish  850 410 440
        Swahili  15 5 5
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,040 340 695
        Taiwanese  70 35 30
        Tamil  195 95 100
        Telugu  15 10 5
        Thai  10 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 5
        Turkish  105 55 45
        Ukrainian  135 60 70
        Urdu  185 95 90
        Vietnamese  185 85 100
        Yiddish  370 160 205
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 140 65 75
  Multiple responses          920 415 510
    English and French  125 50 70
    English and non-official language  465 225 240
    French and non-official language  325 130 190
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Thornhill, Ontario (Code 35089) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 7, 2020).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Thornhill (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Thornhill, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Thornhill (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census