NHS Profile, York South - Weston, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, York South - Weston, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York South - Weston
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 114,815 54,520 60,295
Canadian citizens 98,380 47,060 51,320
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,255 11,825 11,425
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 75,130 35,235 39,890
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 16,430 7,455 8,975
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 114,810 54,520 60,295
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 50,795 25,075 25,725
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 61,625 28,270 33,355
Before 1971 10,650 4,650 6,000
1971 to 1980 8,440 3,975 4,465
1981 to 1990 12,570 6,130 6,440
1991 to 2000 14,445 6,375 8,075
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 15,520 7,140 8,380
2001 to 2005 7,340 3,440 3,900
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,175 3,695 4,480
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,395 1,175 1,220
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 61,620 28,270 33,350
Under 5 years 4,220 2,185 2,035
5 to 14 years 9,585 4,635 4,950
15 to 24 years 17,825 7,545 10,280
25 to 44 years 25,445 12,030 13,415
45 years and over 4,540 1,875 2,670
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 114,815 54,515 60,295
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 50,795 25,075 25,720
Born in province of residence 47,300 23,550 23,745
Born outside province of residence 3,500 1,525 1,970
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 61,625 28,270 33,355
Americas 20,265 8,930 11,335
United States 480 260 220
Jamaica 5,405 2,160 3,245
Guyana 1,765 715 1,045
Haiti 30 15 15
Mexico 855 380 475
Trinidad and Tobago 1,445 605 845
Colombia 755 375 380
El Salvador 1,270 675 595
Peru 220 80 140
Chile 460 265 200
Other places of birth in Americas 7,575 3,405 4,175
Europe 20,090 9,350 10,730
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 925 400 520
Italy 6,670 2,990 3,680
Germany 305 120 190
Poland 965 445 515
Portugal 6,635 3,250 3,385
Netherlands 30 20 0
France 205 75 130
Romania 285 120 165
Russian Federation 155 50 105
Greece 620 295 320
Ukraine 455 255 205
Croatia 200 120 80
Hungary 425 185 240
Bosnia and Herzegovina 110 45 70
Serbia 210 95 110
Ireland, Republic of 90 40 50
Other places of birth in Europe 1,810 845 965
Africa 4,935 2,320 2,620
Morocco 20 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 45 25 20
South Africa, Republic of 40 0 25
Nigeria 735 360 375
Ethiopia 485 210 270
Kenya 115 50 65
Other places of birth in Africa 3,490 1,640 1,845
Asia 16,300 7,660 8,645
India 2,470 1,165 1,305
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 855 385 465
Philippines 4,240 1,770 2,470
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 120 60 60
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 4,285 2,080 2,210
Pakistan 435 215 220
Sri Lanka 1,185 620 570
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 80 50 35
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 420 190 235
Lebanon 75 45 35
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 190 140 50
Bangladesh 415 200 220
Afghanistan 90 70 20
Japan 35 20 15
Turkey 510 245 265
Other places of birth in Asia 885 405 480
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 0 20
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 30 0 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,395 1,175 1,220
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,175 3,695 4,480
Americas 3,000 1,390 1,615
United States 160 110 55
Mexico 535 270 265
Cuba 140 65 80
Haiti 25 15 0
Jamaica 370 150 215
Brazil 235 115 115
Colombia 235 115 120
Guyana 75 30 45
Peru 35 15 25
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 1,185 505 675
Europe 905 445 460
France 35 20 0
Germany 20 0 0
Poland 35 0 25
Romania 15 0 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 20 0 15
Ukraine 15 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 755 375 375
Africa 1,110 530 575
Nigeria 330 165 160
Ethiopia 50 0 30
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 230 115 115
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 20 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 40 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 410 190 220
Asia 3,165 1,330 1,835
Philippines 1,395 585 810
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 70 30 40
India 625 265 365
Pakistan 70 0 50
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 25 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 145 70 80
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 55 20 30
Lebanon 35 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 365 115 250
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 25 20 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 195 75 125
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 35 25 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 60 40 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 114,815 54,515 60,295
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 64,130 29,500 34,635
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 35,830 18,050 17,780
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 14,845 6,960 7,885
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 114,810 54,520 60,295
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 62,335 29,120 33,220
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 8,190 3,920 4,270
Chinese 2,740 1,350 1,390
Black 24,285 10,745 13,540
Filipino 5,400 2,375 3,020
Latin American 10,380 5,195 5,185
Arab 535 325 210
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 5,540 2,795 2,740
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 405 270 140
Korean 595 255 345
Japanese 190 85 105
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,095 930 1,165
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,985 880 1,110
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 52,475 25,400 27,075
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 114,815 54,515 60,295
North American Aboriginal origins 1,145 535 605
First Nations (North American Indian) 880 415 465
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 260 120 140
Other North American origins 10,850 5,015 5,840
Acadian 0 0 0
American 845 440 405
Canadian 10,060 4,645 5,410
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 60 20 40
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 54,575 26,110 28,465
British Isles origins 13,365 5,935 7,435
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 7,655 3,445 4,210
Irish 5,305 2,370 2,930
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 5,520 2,445 3,070
Welsh 420 180 240
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,070 420 650
French origins 2,975 1,390 1,585
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 2,975 1,385 1,590
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,595 1,670 1,930
Austrian 280 140 140
Belgian 35 10 20
Dutch 730 315 415
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,675 1,235 1,435
Luxembourger 90 0 0
Swiss 80 35 45
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 530 300 230
Danish 105 30 70
Finnish 160 95 65
Icelandic 30 0 10
Norwegian 170 125 40
Swedish 75 35 40
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 20 15 0
Eastern European origins 5,515 2,645 2,870
Bulgarian 85 25 65
Byelorussian 35 15 15
Czech 180 80 105
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 35 15 20
Estonian 60 25 30
Hungarian 960 505 455
Latvian 90 35 55
Lithuanian 140 60 75
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 2,215 1,035 1,180
Romanian 315 140 170
Russian 500 245 255
Slovak 130 60 75
Ukrainian 1,580 790 790
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 36,045 17,685 18,355
Albanian 735 400 330
Bosnian 110 50 55
Croatian 330 180 150
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,485 845 640
Italian 15,615 7,505 8,110
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 200 65 135
Maltese 695 400 295
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 13,185 6,645 6,540
Serbian 190 75 115
Sicilian 55 35 0
Slovenian 75 15 65
Spanish 4,780 2,205 2,575
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 105 70 40
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,020 515 500
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 365 190 175
Roma (Gypsy) 275 105 175
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 390 220 175
Caribbean origins 15,255 6,645 8,610
Antiguan 50 35 0
Bahamian 55 45 0
Barbadian 490 200 295
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 105 30 75
Cuban 395 125 270
Dominican 485 260 225
Grenadian 995 440 555
Haitian 135 60 75
Jamaican 8,720 3,775 4,945
Kittitian/Nevisian 150 60 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 855 230 620
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 995 415 580
Vincentian/Grenadinian 1,080 540 535
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,000 500 505
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 930 465 470
Latin, Central and South American origins 11,390 5,635 5,760
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 325 145 180
Argentinian 405 180 225
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 70 45 30
Brazilian 855 375 480
Chilean 590 325 270
Colombian 915 490 420
Costa Rican 120 75 45
Ecuadorian 1,545 730 820
Guatemalan 555 285 270
Guyanese 1,960 925 1,035
Hispanic 130 60 75
Honduran 125 55 70
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 1,245 630 605
Nicaraguan 220 50 165
Panamanian 45 25 0
Paraguayan 45 0 45
Peruvian 315 150 165
Salvadorean 1,775 920 860
Uruguayan 255 135 120
Venezuelan 140 75 70
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 345 235 105
African origins 10,830 4,940 5,885
Central and West African origins 2,415 1,140 1,280
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 195 110 90
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 75 0 55
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 70 35 35
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 45 25 15
Ghanaian 980 415 565
Guinean 20 0 0
Ibo 65 35 30
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 720 330 390
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 25 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 60 40 15
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 210 105 105
North African origins 150 60 90
Algerian 20 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 60 30 30
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 15 0 0
Sudanese 40 10 30
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 4,710 2,180 2,530
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 50 0 0
Burundian 40 20 0
Eritrean 265 135 125
Ethiopian 615 290 330
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 30 15 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 95 55 40
Rwandan 15 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 3,120 1,440 1,680
South African 40 0 35
Tanzanian 220 95 120
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 85 45 40
Zambian 15 0 0
Zimbabwean 45 30 20
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 215 60 155
Other African origins 3,785 1,680 2,100
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 885 335 550
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,905 1,350 1,555
Asian origins 27,065 12,880 14,185
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,035 1,150 880
Afghan 165 105 60
Arab, n.o.s. 335 220 115
Armenian 160 80 80
Assyrian 85 60 25
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 140 70 75
Iraqi 60 25 30
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 15 15 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 85 50 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 125 75 50
Palestinian 85 55 30
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 145 80 75
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 695 340 355
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 25 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 10 0 0
South Asian origins 9,100 4,300 4,800
Bangladeshi 180 100 80
Bengali 255 110 155
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 6,690 3,105 3,585
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 90 60 40
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 500 240 265
Punjabi 60 25 40
Sinhalese 50 30 20
Sri Lankan 1,165 595 570
Tamil 475 230 250
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 235 100 135
East and Southeast Asian origins 16,190 7,600 8,585
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 220 65 160
Chinese 4,575 2,165 2,415
Filipino 5,800 2,525 3,275
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 35 0 20
Japanese 345 135 215
Korean 610 250 355
Laotian 120 80 35
Malaysian 35 15 20
Mongolian 30 25 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 75 20 60
Tibetan 225 115 115
Vietnamese 5,745 2,895 2,860
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 60 40 20
Other Asian origins 160 80 80
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 160 80 80
Oceania origins 45 0 30
Australian 20 0 15
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 114,815 54,515 60,295
Buddhist 4,420 2,115 2,310
Christian 81,925 37,785 44,145
Anglican 2,670 1,165 1,505
Baptist 1,555 655 895
Catholic 51,875 24,640 27,235
Christian Orthodox 2,525 1,250 1,275
Lutheran 285 155 125
Pentecostal 4,495 1,905 2,595
Presbyterian 1,050 490 560
United Church 2,045 790 1,255
Other Christian 15,430 6,725 8,705
Hindu 4,100 1,945 2,155
Jewish 380 235 145
Muslim 8,620 4,180 4,430
Sikh 560 275 280
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 60 30 30
Other religions 280 120 160
No religious affiliation 14,470 7,825 6,645
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 114,810 54,515 60,295
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 900 335 560
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 685 270 410
Métis single identity 140 35 105
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 55 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 113,910 54,185 59,730
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 114,815 54,515 60,295
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 400 155 245
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 114,415 54,360 60,050
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 114,815 54,515 60,295
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,145 535 610
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 880 415 470
Métis ancestry 265 120 145
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 113,670 53,985 59,690
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 66,915 31,580 35,335
Aboriginal languages 60 30 25
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,880 31,565 35,320
Italian 11,170 5,215 5,955
Portuguese 11,540 5,650 5,890
Romanian 260 95 165
Spanish 12,360 6,025 6,335
Dutch 70 45 25
Flemish 0 0 0
German 740 380 365
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 15 0 10
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 10 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 65 30 30
Bulgarian 70 20 55
Croatian 295 145 150
Czech 125 45 80
Macedonian 190 85 110
Polish 1,330 615 715
Russian 675 360 310
Serbian 230 115 115
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 85 0 45
Slovenian 60 0 55
Ukrainian 635 285 350
Latvian 55 0 40
Lithuanian 40 0 25
Greek 1,100 615 480
Armenian 60 30 30
Albanian 660 350 305
Estonian 25 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 655 295 360
Turkish 640 335 305
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 175 75 95
Somali 2,535 1,120 1,410
Amharic 475 195 280
Arabic 790 415 370
Hebrew 10 0 0
Maltese 430 235 195
Tigrigna 250 135 115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 70 30
Bengali 565 245 325
Gujarati 1,380 640 740
Hindi 1,690 785 900
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 45 25 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 725 370 350
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 100 60
Urdu 815 395 420
Nepali 65 30 35
Kurdish 60 0 40
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 190 115 75
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 55 45
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 100 55 45
Tamil 1,555 775 780
Telugu 65 30 35
Japanese 90 50 45
Korean 555 250 300
Cantonese 1,510 710 800
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 510 225 285
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 900 405 490
Lao 65 30 35
Thai 60 0 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 40 40
Vietnamese 5,455 2,660 2,790
Bisayan languages 210 115 95
Ilocano 410 200 205
Malay 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 4,225 1,645 2,580
Akan (Twi) 855 360 500
Lingala 65 45 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 0 0
Swahili 395 205 190
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 565 325 235
African languages, n.i.e. 165 60 105
Creoles 695 320 375
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 785 340 440
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 113,185 53,705 59,475
Non-movers 101,225 47,800 53,425
Movers 11,955 5,910 6,050
Non-migrants 9,305 4,720 4,590
Migrants 2,655 1,190 1,460
Internal migrants 1,600 670 930
Intraprovincial migrants 1,360 570 785
Interprovincial migrants 235 95 135
External migrants 1,055 520 540
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 107,425 51,015 56,410
Non-movers 68,200 32,195 36,005
Movers 39,225 18,815 20,405
Non-migrants 28,325 13,625 14,705
Migrants 10,895 5,195 5,700
Internal migrants 5,140 2,380 2,755
Intraprovincial migrants 4,395 2,030 2,365
Interprovincial migrants 740 350 395
External migrants 5,755 2,810 2,945
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 93,775 43,855 49,925
No certificate, diploma or degree 27,770 12,885 14,890
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 27,770 13,220 14,555
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 38,235 17,750 20,485
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,325 3,795 2,530
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,725 6,805 8,925
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,575 1,570 2,000
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 12,610 5,585 7,025
Bachelor's degree 8,445 3,790 4,660
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,165 1,800 2,365
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 63,170 29,385 33,790
No certificate, diploma or degree 13,670 6,640 7,030
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,070 8,570 9,500
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 31,425 14,180 17,250
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,890 2,885 2,010
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,850 5,300 7,555
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,020 1,335 1,685
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 10,665 4,655 6,005
Bachelor's degree 7,050 3,165 3,890
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,620 1,495 2,120
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 93,780 43,860 49,920
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 55,545 26,110 29,440
Education 2,040 525 1,515
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,765 1,115 650
Humanities 1,760 695 1,060
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,420 1,205 3,210
Business, management and public administration 9,035 3,300 5,735
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,410 600 805
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,705 1,065 640
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,565 6,990 575
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 475 240 235
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,445 845 4,605
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,620 1,180 1,440
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 93,775 43,855 49,925
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 55,545 26,105 29,440
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 38,235 17,745 20,485
Location of study inside Canada 26,490 11,905 14,580
Same as province or territory of residence 25,395 11,415 13,980
Another province or territory 1,100 495 605
Location of study outside Canada 11,740 5,840 5,905
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 59,795 30,520 29,280
Single responses 58,895 30,050 28,840
English 56,430 28,670 27,765
French 120 20 100
Non-official languages 2,340 1,360 985
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25
Cantonese 120 55 60
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 540 290 245
Korean 80 35 45
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 890 670 225
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 620 250 375
Multiple responses 900 470 435
English and French 180 110 75
English and non-official language 720 360 355
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 59,795 30,520 29,275
English 56,430 28,670 27,760
French 120 20 95
Non-official language 2,340 1,360 980
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 2,340 1,360 980
English and French 185 105 75
English and non-official language 720 365 355
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 93,775 43,860 49,920
In the labour force 58,650 29,810 28,840
Employed 52,345 26,840 25,505
Unemployed 6,310 2,970 3,335
Not in the labour force 35,125 14,045 21,085
Participation rate 62.5 68.0 57.8
Employment rate 55.8 61.2 51.1
Unemployment rate 10.8 10.0 11.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 58,650 29,815 28,840
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,835 1,240 1,595
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 55,820 28,575 27,245
Employee 51,420 25,555 25,865
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,400 3,020 1,380
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 58,650 29,815 28,840
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,835 1,235 1,595
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 55,820 28,575 27,240
0 Management occupations 3,605 2,075 1,535
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,825 2,775 6,045
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,690 2,095 595
3 Health occupations 2,555 440 2,110
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,420 1,215 4,205
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,220 710 510
6 Sales and service occupations 16,185 6,425 9,755
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 10,250 9,720 530
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 370 305 65
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 4,705 2,820 1,890
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 58,650 29,815 28,840
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,835 1,240 1,600
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 55,815 28,570 27,245
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 150 90 65
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 65 50 20
22 Utilities 235 145 90
23 Construction 5,850 5,375 475
31-33 Manufacturing 7,160 4,890 2,270
41 Wholesale trade 2,150 1,340 810
44-45 Retail trade 6,465 2,990 3,475
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,885 2,140 745
51 Information and cultural industries 1,235 630 605
52 Finance and insurance 2,935 1,095 1,835
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,215 740 470
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,970 1,370 1,605
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 25 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 4,575 2,040 2,535
61 Educational services 2,650 830 1,815
62 Health care and social assistance 5,700 825 4,875
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,100 640 460
72 Accommodation and food services 3,555 1,340 2,210
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,025 1,140 1,880
91 Public administration 1,855 880 980
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 58,650 29,815 28,840
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,210 2,280 2,935
Worked in 2010 53,440 27,535 25,905
1 to 13 weeks 2,730 1,355 1,375
14 to 26 weeks 4,100 2,025 2,070
27 to 39 weeks 3,605 2,010 1,595
40 to 48 weeks 9,070 4,370 4,700
49 to 52 weeks 33,940 17,775 16,165
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.6 44.7 44.4
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 58,650 29,815 28,840
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,210 2,280 2,935
Worked in 2010 53,440 27,535 25,910
Worked full-time in 2010 43,370 23,535 19,835
Worked part-time in 2010 10,075 4,005 6,075
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 52,345 26,840 25,505
Worked at home 1,710 890 815
Worked outside Canada 160 85 70
No fixed workplace address 9,030 6,610 2,420
Worked at usual place 41,450 19,255 22,195
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 50,475 25,860 24,620
Car, truck or van - as a driver 27,255 17,200 10,050
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,530 1,295 1,235
Public transit 18,625 6,500 12,125
Walked 1,455 515 940
Bicycle 275 215 65
Other methods 340 135 200
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 50,475 25,860 24,615
Median commuting duration 30.7 30.7 30.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 50,480 25,860 24,620
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 13,470 8,765 4,710
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 25,340 11,205 14,140
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,665 5,900 5,765
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 44,490 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 40,410 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,080 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 44,495 ... ...
1960 or before 16,095 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,725 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,985 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,150 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,425 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,115 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 44,490 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 20,900 ... ...
5 rooms 7,810 ... ...
6 rooms 5,585 ... ...
7 rooms 4,310 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,890 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 44,490 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 11,690 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,510 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,740 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 4,555 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 44,495 ... ...
Owner 22,435 ... ...
Renter 22,060 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 44,490 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,675 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 38,815 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 44,490 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,150 ... ...
2 household maintainers 13,580 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,760 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 44,495 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,340 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,570 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,285 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,550 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,555 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,155 ... ...
75 years and over 5,035 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 44,490 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 41,445 ... ...
More than one person per room 3,045 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 44,495 ... ...
Suitable 35,650 ... ...
Not suitable 8,845 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 44,410 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 28,510 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 15,900 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,310 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 22,430 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 30.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,162 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,244 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 359,271 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 392,679 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 22,060 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 23.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 881 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 848 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 93,775 43,855 49,920
Without income 6,055 2,590 3,465
With income 87,725 41,265 46,460
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 10,395 5,055 5,345
$5,000 to $9,999 7,180 2,960 4,220
$10,000 to $14,999 8,970 3,780 5,190
$15,000 to $19,999 10,875 4,320 6,550
$20,000 to $29,999 14,950 6,375 8,575
$30,000 to $39,999 11,370 5,550 5,820
$40,000 to $49,999 8,245 4,175 4,070
$50,000 to $59,999 5,505 2,935 2,570
$60,000 to $79,999 5,510 3,390 2,120
$80,000 to $99,999 2,830 1,545 1,285
$100,000 and over 1,885 1,180 710
$100,000 to $124,999 970 570 400
$125,000 and over 915 605 305
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 23,644 26,527 21,671
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,237 34,144 28,654
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 93,780 43,855 49,920
Without after-tax income 6,095 2,590 3,510
With after-tax income 87,685 41,265 46,410
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,405 5,060 5,350
$5,000 to $9,999 7,275 2,990 4,285
$10,000 to $14,999 9,165 3,840 5,325
$15,000 to $19,999 11,590 4,670 6,920
$20,000 to $29,999 16,855 7,445 9,410
$30,000 to $39,999 13,130 6,455 6,675
$40,000 to $49,999 8,765 4,595 4,170
$50,000 to $59,999 4,380 2,590 1,795
$60,000 to $79,999 4,310 2,480 1,830
$80,000 to $99,999 1,065 670 395
$100,000 and over 735 475 265
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,493 25,075 21,053
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,440 29,569 25,547
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 79.6 84.1 75.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.6 75.5 67.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 68.6 71.5 65.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.0 4.0 1.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.8 3.1 2.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.2 4.7 3.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.1 0.8 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 20.4 15.9 25.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.0 3.7 4.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.3 3.3 5.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.2 2.1 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.8 0.2 5.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 7.1 6.6 7.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 12.2 13.4 10.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 87.8 86.6 89.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.9 0.6 1.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 29,585 16,000 13,580
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 40,089 41,873 38,014
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 45,833 47,242 44,174
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 30,510 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,487 ... ...
Average family income ($) 71,254 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,870 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 62,869 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 6,870 ... ...
Median family income ($) 51,827 ... ...
Average family income ($) 64,851 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 48,085 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 56,217 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,265 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,045 ... ...
Average family income ($) 88,467 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,531 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,449 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 8,470 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,689 ... ...
Average family income ($) 47,955 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,519 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 43,964 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 17,350 8,365 8,985
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 22,703 23,846 22,187
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,647 32,720 32,579
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,952 22,269 21,891
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,123 28,270 27,986
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 114,815 54,515 60,295
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 74,750 34,480 40,270
In bottom decile 15,710 7,060 8,650
In second decile 18,105 8,250 9,850
In third decile 14,830 6,755 8,080
In fourth decile 13,530 6,410 7,120
In fifth decile 12,575 6,005 6,570
In top half of the Canadian distribution 40,060 20,035 20,030
In sixth decile 9,210 4,470 4,735
In seventh decile 9,930 5,000 4,935
In eighth decile 7,975 4,045 3,930
In ninth decile 7,980 4,000 3,985
In top decile 4,965 2,520 2,445
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 44,495 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,370 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,075 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,815 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,070 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,295 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,585 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,050 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,120 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,560 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,005 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,260 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,895 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,385 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 44,495 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,390 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,085 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,835 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,140 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,750 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,365 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,025 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,180 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,800 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,620 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,410 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 44,495 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 47,830 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 61,590 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 44,278 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 54,077 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 12,600 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 24,646 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 35,633 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,717 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,502 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 31,895 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 58,306 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 71,842 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,685 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 63,387 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 114,815 54,515 60,295
Less than 18 years 25,490 12,940 12,550
Less than 6 years 8,715 4,140 4,575
18 to 64 years 74,025 35,025 38,990
65 years and over 15,300 6,550 8,750
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 25,290 11,105 14,185
Less than 18 years 8,150 4,050 4,105
Less than 6 years 3,110 1,360 1,750
18 to 64 years 15,135 6,365 8,770
65 years and over 2,005 695 1,310
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 22.0 20.4 23.5
Less than 18 years (%) 32.0 31.3 32.7
Less than 6 years (%) 35.7 32.9 38.3
18 to 64 years (%) 20.4 18.2 22.5
65 years and over (%) 13.1 10.6 15.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. York South - Weston, Ontario (Code 35105) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 12, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

York South - Weston, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, York South - Weston, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic York South - Weston
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 116,606 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 114,458 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,808 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,646 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,699.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 24.81 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 116,605 55,265 61,340
0 to 4 years 7,445 3,805 3,640
5 to 9 years 6,695 3,405 3,290
10 to 14 years 6,980 3,550 3,430
15 to 19 years 7,665 3,950 3,715
15 years 1,555 800 760
16 years 1,485 765 725
17 years 1,585 825 760
18 years 1,575 815 760
19 years 1,460 745 715
20 to 24 years 7,825 3,825 4,000
25 to 29 years 8,365 3,890 4,475
30 to 34 years 8,045 3,665 4,380
35 to 39 years 7,670 3,480 4,195
40 to 44 years 8,550 3,990 4,565
45 to 49 years 9,450 4,635 4,815
50 to 54 years 8,765 4,205 4,560
55 to 59 years 7,005 3,365 3,640
60 to 64 years 5,680 2,605 3,075
65 to 69 years 4,365 2,030 2,335
70 to 74 years 3,910 1,635 2,280
75 to 79 years 3,440 1,455 1,985
80 to 84 years 2,650 1,090 1,555
85 years and over 2,100 685 1,420
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.4 37.2 39.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.9 80.5 83.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 95,485 44,505 50,980
Married or living with a common-law partner 45,520 22,755 22,770
Married (and not separated) 40,165 20,075 20,090
Living common law 5,360 2,685 2,675
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 49,960 21,750 28,215
Single (never legally married) 32,975 16,410 16,565
Separated 4,135 1,600 2,545
Divorced 6,875 2,750 4,130
Widowed 5,970 990 4,980
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 31,355 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,845 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,285 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,460 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,770 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 31,360 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,680 ... ...
Married couples 19,010 ... ...
Without children at home 6,855 ... ...
With children at home 12,155 ... ...
1 child 4,870 ... ...
2 children 5,095 ... ...
3 or more children 2,190 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,670 ... ...
Without children at home 1,370 ... ...
With children at home 1,300 ... ...
1 child 675 ... ...
2 children 440 ... ...
3 or more children 185 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 9,675 ... ...
Female parent 8,325 ... ...
1 child 4,685 ... ...
2 children 2,425 ... ...
3 or more children 1,220 ... ...
Male parent 1,350 ... ...
1 child 930 ... ...
2 children 320 ... ...
3 or more children 100 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 40,335 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,785 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,155 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,455 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,970 ... ...
25 years and over 6,975 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 115,160 54,705 60,460
Number of persons not in census families 21,785 10,150 11,635
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,415 1,670 2,745
Living with non-relatives only 4,645 2,650 2,000
Living alone 12,720 5,830 6,890
Number of census family persons 93,380 44,555 48,825
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 15,475 6,580 8,890
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,065 1,740 4,325
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,265 245 1,025
Living with non-relatives only 380 185 190
Living alone 4,420 1,305 3,110
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,410 4,845 4,565
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 44,645 ... ...
Census-family households 29,740 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,050 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 17,750 ... ...
Without children 6,635 ... ...
With children 11,120 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,295 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,690 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,150 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,855 ... ...
Without children 565 ... ...
With children 1,285 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,300 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,545 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,910 ... ...
One-person households 12,715 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,190 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 44,650 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,580 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 17,545 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 13,510 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,155 ... ...
Row house 1,350 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,905 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 7,075 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 44,645 ... ...
1 person 12,720 ... ...
2 persons 12,450 ... ...
3 persons 8,160 ... ...
4 persons 6,600 ... ...
5 persons 2,850 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,875 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 115,160 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 115,625 54,910 60,715
  Single responses  111,715 53,000 58,710
    English  55,770 26,600 29,180
    French  800 395 410
    Non-official languages  55,140 26,010 29,125
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 10 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  30 10 20
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 54,610 25,775 28,835
        African languages, n.i.e 90 50 40
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  545 240 305
        Albanian  460 225 235
        Amharic  345 170 180
        Arabic  515 270 245
        Armenian  35 15 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 140 75 65
        Bengali  515 275 245
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  105 40 65
        Bosnian  20 15 10
        Bulgarian  80 40 40
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  1,125 530 590
        Chinese, n.o.s.  920 440 480
        Creoles  200 85 115
        Croatian  340 145 190
        Czech  95 40 60
        Danish  20 5 10
        Dutch  70 25 40
        Estonian  30 10 15
        Finnish  20 10 15
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  15 10 5
        German  470 185 280
        Greek  535 265 275
        Gujarati  1,125 555 570
        Hakka  20 0 15
        Hebrew  15 5 10
        Hindi  410 210 205
        Hungarian  465 220 250
        Ilocano  285 105 185
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 35 25 15
        Italian  8,500 3,965 4,540
        Japanese  100 35 65
        Khmer (Cambodian)  85 40 45
        Korean  400 190 210
        Kurdish  50 30 20
        Lao  70 40 30
        Latvian  35 10 20
        Lingala  10 5 5
        Lithuanian  90 35 50
        Macedonian  120 45 70
        Malay  30 10 20
        Malayalam  65 35 35
        Maltese  250 130 120
        Mandarin  295 135 155
        Marathi  25 15 10
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 300 155 140
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  120 55 65
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  445 235 215
        Pashto  25 10 20
        Persian (Farsi)  445 245 205
        Polish  1,040 445 600
        Portuguese  10,105 4,980 5,125
        Romanian  215 95 120
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 5
        Russian  395 175 220
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Serbian  155 75 80
        Serbo-Croatian  25 15 15
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Sindhi  5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  85 45 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Slovak  65 25 40
        Slovenian  100 45 60
        Somali  2,280 975 1,305
        Spanish  9,110 4,405 4,705
        Swahili  185 95 95
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,765 1,055 1,710
        Taiwanese  5 5 5
        Tamil  1,235 595 635
        Telugu  40 25 20
        Thai  15 0 20
        Tibetan languages  150 75 75
        Tigrigna  360 185 180
        Turkish  515 280 235
        Ukrainian  485 200 285
        Urdu  545 270 275
        Vietnamese  4,040 1,935 2,100
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 490 225 270
  Multiple responses          3,915 1,905 2,005
    English and French  140 70 70
    English and non-official language  3,530 1,725 1,805
    French and non-official language  180 80 100
    English, French and non-official language 65 30 30
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 115,625 54,910 60,715
  English only 103,800 49,945 53,855
  French only 135 60 75
  English and French 5,115 2,260 2,855
  Neither English nor French 6,580 2,650 3,930
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 115,625 54,910 60,715
  English 107,370 51,455 55,915
  French 930 455 475
  English and French 875 415 460
  Neither English nor French 6,450 2,580 3,865
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,370 665 705
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.2 1.2 1.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 115,625 54,910 60,715
  Single responses 106,795 50,645 56,150
    English 69,815 33,305 36,510
    French 380 185 190
    Non-official languages 36,600 17,150 19,450
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 10 10
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 15 5 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 36,370 17,050 19,320
        African languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
        Afrikaans 10 10 0
        Akan (Twi) 340 140 195
        Albanian 325 160 165
        Amharic 200 90 110
        Arabic 400 205 190
        Armenian 15 5 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 70 40 35
        Bengali 400 210 195
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 30 15 20
        Bosnian 10 0 0
        Bulgarian 60 25 35
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 955 445 505
        Chinese, n.o.s. 640 310 330
        Creoles 125 45 85
        Croatian 175 85 90
        Czech 60 30 30
        Danish 5 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 10 5 5
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 10 5 5
        German 75 30 40
        Greek 280 130 145
        Gujarati 835 410 425
        Hakka 10 0 5
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 285 140 140
        Hungarian 305 150 155
        Ilocano 130 55 70
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Italian 4,535 1,955 2,580
        Japanese 35 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 25
        Korean 275 130 150
        Kurdish 25 15 10
        Lao 55 30 25
        Latvian 15 5 10
        Lingala 5 5 5
        Lithuanian 50 15 35
        Macedonian 65 25 40
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 50 25 25
        Maltese 110 60 55
        Mandarin 245 120 120
        Marathi 20 10 5
        Nepali 5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 85
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 85 40 50
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 265 130 130
        Pashto 15 10 10
        Persian (Farsi) 320 165 150
        Polish 605 265 335
        Portuguese 6,375 3,175 3,205
        Romanian 135 55 75
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 280 130 150
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Serbian 90 40 50
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Sindhi 5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 30 10 20
        Slovenian 30 15 20
        Somali 1,995 865 1,130
        Spanish 6,955 3,355 3,605
        Swahili 95 45 50
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,655 640 1,010
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 1,005 485 520
        Telugu 15 5 10
        Thai 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 125 65 60
        Tigrigna 230 110 120
        Turkish 420 220 200
        Ukrainian 250 105 140
        Urdu 365 180 185
        Vietnamese 3,365 1,580 1,780
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 210 95 120
  Multiple responses         8,830 4,265 4,565
    English and French 180 80 100
    English and non-official language 8,480 4,125 4,355
    French and non-official language 60 30 35
    English, French and non-official language 105 30 80
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 115,625 54,910 60,720
  None 84,760 40,145 44,620
  Single responses  30,355 14,520 15,835
    English  13,725 6,630 7,090
    French  655 285 370
    Non-official languages  15,980 7,600 8,375
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 10 30
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  30 5 25
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,695 7,495 8,200
        African languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  240 110 135
        Albanian  110 55 55
        Amharic  115 65 50
        Arabic  195 100 95
        Armenian  10 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 70 40 30
        Bengali  75 40 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  30 10 20
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  20 10 10
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  250 125 130
        Chinese, n.o.s.  200 100 95
        Creoles  280 105 180
        Croatian  105 40 60
        Czech  15 5 10
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  30 10 20
        Estonian  10 0 5
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  175 80 100
        Greek  260 115 145
        Gujarati  175 90 80
        Hakka  0 0 5
        Hebrew  10 0 5
        Hindi  215 110 110
        Hungarian  80 35 45
        Ilocano  80 25 50
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Italian  2,965 1,435 1,530
        Japanese  45 20 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 5
        Korean  85 40 45
        Kurdish  15 5 5
        Lao  15 5 10
        Latvian  10 5 5
        Lingala  15 5 5
        Lithuanian  25 5 15
        Macedonian  25 10 10
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  20 10 10
        Maltese  110 45 65
        Mandarin  65 30 35
        Marathi  0 5 5
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 210 115 100
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  135 65 65
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  90 50 45
        Polish  250 115 135
        Portuguese  3,210 1,560 1,650
        Romanian  45 20 25
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 0
        Russian  115 55 65
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  50 25 25
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Slovak  15 5 5
        Slovenian  25 5 15
        Somali  615 285 330
        Spanish  2,120 1,080 1,040
        Swahili  85 35 50
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  870 320 550
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  190 95 95
        Telugu  10 10 5
        Thai  5 5 10
        Tibetan languages  15 5 10
        Tigrigna  95 45 50
        Turkish  90 55 40
        Ukrainian  155 65 90
        Urdu  125 60 65
        Vietnamese  770 385 385
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 245 105 145
  Multiple responses          510 240 265
    English and French  70 30 40
    English and non-official language  165 85 85
    French and non-official language  265 120 140
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. York South - Weston, Ontario (Code 35105) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 12, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: York South - Weston (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: York South - Weston, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: York South - Weston (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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