NHS Profile, Etobicoke--Lakeshore, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data

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NHS data, Etobicoke--Lakeshore, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Etobicoke--Lakeshore
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 114,310 55,065 59,245
Canadian citizens 103,305 49,730 53,575
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,385 8,885 8,500
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,925 40,845 45,075
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 11,000 5,335 5,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 114,310 55,065 59,245
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 67,605 33,115 34,495
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 45,075 21,140 23,935
Before 1971 10,085 4,650 5,435
1971 to 1980 5,800 2,685 3,110
1981 to 1990 5,940 2,775 3,165
1991 to 2000 10,465 4,825 5,645
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 12,785 6,205 6,580
2001 to 2005 5,820 2,790 3,025
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,960 3,410 3,555
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,630 810 820
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 45,075 21,145 23,935
Under 5 years 3,605 1,820 1,790
5 to 14 years 7,825 4,055 3,770
15 to 24 years 10,420 4,580 5,840
25 to 44 years 18,860 8,950 9,910
45 years and over 4,360 1,735 2,625
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 114,310 55,065 59,245
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 67,605 33,110 34,495
Born in province of residence 59,180 29,115 30,065
Born outside province of residence 8,430 4,000 4,430
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 45,075 21,140 23,935
Americas 6,495 2,860 3,635
United States 900 370 530
Jamaica 655 245 410
Guyana 580 255 325
Haiti 30 0 0
Mexico 285 120 170
Trinidad and Tobago 865 405 460
Colombia 260 140 120
El Salvador 195 90 105
Peru 115 35 80
Chile 200 90 105
Other places of birth in Americas 2,410 1,100 1,310
Europe 24,630 11,620 13,010
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,080 1,485 1,600
Italy 2,145 1,105 1,035
Germany 1,020 375 640
Poland 5,415 2,305 3,110
Portugal 1,475 660 815
Netherlands 165 110 60
France 225 85 145
Romania 450 240 210
Russian Federation 885 330 555
Greece 385 165 220
Ukraine 3,005 1,410 1,595
Croatia 510 250 260
Hungary 345 165 185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 585 305 280
Serbia 1,050 540 510
Ireland, Republic of 505 250 250
Other places of birth in Europe 3,385 1,845 1,540
Africa 1,790 915 870
Morocco 40 0 0
Algeria 40 30 0
Egypt 115 55 60
South Africa, Republic of 175 95 75
Nigeria 190 75 120
Ethiopia 120 90 25
Kenya 90 35 55
Other places of birth in Africa 1,025 510 515
Asia 12,045 5,685 6,365
India 1,645 865 775
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,340 545 790
Philippines 2,830 1,200 1,630
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 395 210 190
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 510 225 285
Pakistan 415 200 205
Sri Lanka 190 95 95
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 590 325 270
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,590 730 860
Lebanon 125 80 45
Taiwan 100 45 55
Iraq 85 40 45
Bangladesh 360 190 170
Afghanistan 125 65 60
Japan 145 45 100
Turkey 245 110 135
Other places of birth in Asia 1,360 720 640
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 110 65 50
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 95 50 50
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,630 810 820
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 6,965 3,410 3,550
Americas 1,335 645 695
United States 135 65 75
Mexico 135 50 80
Cuba 95 35 60
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 360 210 150
Colombia 95 40 55
Guyana 75 55 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 410 170 240
Europe 2,575 1,355 1,220
France 0 0 0
Germany 35 25 0
Poland 195 75 115
Romania 105 40 65
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 85 60 20
Russian Federation 345 145 200
Ukraine 630 315 315
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 150 115 30
Other places of birth in Europe 1,015 570 450
Africa 365 200 165
Nigeria 70 25 40
Ethiopia 15 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 45 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 20 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 180 105 75
Asia 2,670 1,210 1,465
Philippines 615 265 355
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 255 100 155
India 445 235 210
Pakistan 100 50 50
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 160 65 90
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 295 90 205
Sri Lanka 40 15 30
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 175 95 80
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 45 0 15
Taiwan 40 30 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 30 0 15
Turkey 40 0 25
Israel 15 0 0
Nepal 85 50 40
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 70 30 35
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 195 85 110
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 114,310 55,070 59,240
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 46,960 22,100 24,855
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 31,795 15,645 16,155
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 35,555 17,320 18,235
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 114,310 55,065 59,245
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 27,105 12,810 14,295
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 5,115 2,540 2,570
Chinese 3,220 1,515 1,700
Black 4,860 2,240 2,625
Filipino 3,620 1,495 2,120
Latin American 2,475 1,065 1,410
Arab 860 500 365
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,530 825 710
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 770 415 350
Korean 2,000 905 1,095
Japanese 650 345 305
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,265 570 695
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 745 390 355
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 87,205 42,255 44,945
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 114,310 55,070 59,245
North American Aboriginal origins 1,780 805 975
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,465 655 810
Inuit 55 50 0
Métis 325 130 200
Other North American origins 19,245 9,555 9,695
Acadian 195 95 100
American 1,420 735 690
Canadian 17,940 8,910 9,030
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 95 25 65
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 20 0 0
Québécois 15 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 83,095 39,980 43,120
British Isles origins 37,790 18,115 19,675
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 20,975 9,900 11,075
Irish 16,905 7,705 9,200
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 16,010 7,515 8,495
Welsh 1,515 570 945
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,175 1,600 1,570
French origins 7,685 3,680 4,005
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 7,670 3,680 3,995
Western European origins (except French origins) 10,760 5,295 5,470
Austrian 760 385 375
Belgian 295 135 160
Dutch 2,280 1,155 1,120
Flemish 50 0 30
Frisian 0 0 0
German 7,795 3,805 3,985
Luxembourger 20 0 0
Swiss 355 195 160
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,970 995 970
Danish 380 200 175
Finnish 450 225 220
Icelandic 185 100 85
Norwegian 360 205 160
Swedish 630 270 360
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 60 45 0
Eastern European origins 24,810 11,740 13,075
Bulgarian 365 195 170
Byelorussian 250 130 120
Czech 480 190 290
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 155 70 85
Estonian 230 95 135
Hungarian 1,650 845 805
Latvian 260 95 165
Lithuanian 825 375 450
Moldovan 80 45 30
Polish 11,465 5,395 6,070
Romanian 860 475 385
Russian 3,000 1,305 1,695
Slovak 650 350 300
Ukrainian 8,640 4,125 4,515
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 60 35 25
Southern European origins 23,675 11,745 11,925
Albanian 1,425 780 650
Bosnian 225 135 85
Croatian 1,470 785 685
Cypriot 40 20 0
Greek 1,580 735 840
Italian 9,845 4,740 5,105
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 395 165 230
Maltese 700 425 275
Montenegrin 70 40 35
Portuguese 4,155 2,055 2,105
Serbian 1,830 1,000 830
Sicilian 45 0 15
Slovenian 885 400 490
Spanish 2,360 1,095 1,265
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 410 120 285
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,290 635 650
Basque 20 10 0
Jewish 960 485 475
Roma (Gypsy) 25 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 55 25 25
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 235 110 130
Caribbean origins 3,720 1,525 2,190
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 25 0 0
Barbadian 490 185 305
Bermudan 35 20 0
Carib 20 0 15
Cuban 210 60 150
Dominican 95 50 45
Grenadian 260 95 160
Haitian 40 0 40
Jamaican 1,550 675 870
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 95 35 60
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 625 285 335
Vincentian/Grenadinian 135 35 100
West Indian, n.o.s. 355 115 240
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 115 45 70
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,675 1,595 2,075
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 100 40 60
Argentinian 125 55 75
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 105 55 50
Brazilian 595 305 285
Chilean 175 75 100
Colombian 340 160 180
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 245 110 135
Guatemalan 85 75 20
Guyanese 850 300 550
Hispanic 30 0 20
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 10 0 0
Mexican 355 140 210
Nicaraguan 20 0 0
Panamanian 20 0 20
Paraguayan 10 0 0
Peruvian 165 55 110
Salvadorean 280 130 150
Uruguayan 45 15 25
Venezuelan 55 30 25
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 155 50 105
African origins 3,265 1,655 1,610
Central and West African origins 680 365 325
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 35 10 20
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 40 25 15
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 220 125 100
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 25 0 0
Ivorian 30 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 270 120 150
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 40 35 0
North African origins 360 220 140
Algerian 55 35 15
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 15 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 200 120 80
Libyan 25 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 30 0 10
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 1,355 655 705
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 55 30 30
Ethiopian 125 90 40
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 20 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 20 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 655 300 355
South African 190 65 125
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 65 0 60
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 130 90 40
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 50 35 0
Other African origins 915 445 470
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 70 25 45
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 850 420 430
Asian origins 20,105 9,730 10,375
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,050 1,635 1,420
Afghan 205 110 90
Arab, n.o.s. 265 130 135
Armenian 180 125 55
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 30 20 0
Iranian 805 400 405
Iraqi 175 70 100
Israeli 75 55 20
Jordanian 40 30 0
Kazakh 50 35 0
Kurd 20 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 465 195 275
Palestinian 75 55 20
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 40 20 0
Syrian 155 65 90
Tajik 20 20 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 410 200 210
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 60 30 25
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 165 140 20
South Asian origins 5,370 2,685 2,695
Bangladeshi 305 160 145
Bengali 95 35 60
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,920 1,915 2,005
Goan 145 60 85
Gujarati 25 15 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 65 50 0
Pakistani 385 210 175
Punjabi 160 65 95
Sinhalese 10 0 0
Sri Lankan 120 60 60
Tamil 90 60 35
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 245 125 120
East and Southeast Asian origins 11,775 5,465 6,315
Burmese 20 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 4,025 1,905 2,125
Filipino 3,810 1,635 2,175
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 45 25 20
Japanese 745 395 350
Korean 2,270 1,045 1,220
Laotian 25 0 20
Malaysian 40 15 25
Mongolian 25 0 0
Singaporean 35 20 0
Taiwanese 110 65 45
Thai 95 40 50
Tibetan 520 275 245
Vietnamese 760 395 365
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 75 40 35
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 75 35 40
Oceania origins 255 110 140
Australian 180 90 90
New Zealander 65 25 40
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 114,310 55,065 59,245
Buddhist 1,315 645 670
Christian 80,225 37,235 42,995
Anglican 5,540 2,470 3,075
Baptist 1,420 665 760
Catholic 46,340 21,550 24,790
Christian Orthodox 6,310 3,250 3,060
Lutheran 930 320 605
Pentecostal 1,100 490 610
Presbyterian 2,170 1,030 1,135
United Church 6,125 2,615 3,510
Other Christian 10,295 4,845 5,450
Hindu 2,020 1,045 975
Jewish 620 315 310
Muslim 4,145 2,145 2,000
Sikh 320 140 190
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 485 235 250
No religious affiliation 25,170 13,310 11,855
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 114,310 55,065 59,245
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 925 375 555
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 625 245 375
Métis single identity 240 95 145
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 40 25 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 113,385 54,690 58,695
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 114,310 55,065 59,245
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 335 175 155
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 113,975 54,890 59,085
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 114,310 55,065 59,245
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,780 800 975
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,465 655 810
Métis ancestry 330 130 195
Inuit ancestry 55 50 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 112,530 54,265 58,270
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 50,670 24,040 26,630
Aboriginal languages 40 30 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,635 24,015 26,625
Italian 4,725 2,270 2,460
Portuguese 3,165 1,535 1,635
Romanian 520 295 225
Spanish 4,615 1,975 2,640
Dutch 275 165 110
Flemish 0 0 0
German 2,195 1,105 1,090
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 105 45 65
Norwegian 20 0 0
Swedish 110 60 50
Afrikaans 40 25 15
Gaelic languages 60 25 30
Bosnian 100 55 50
Bulgarian 260 135 125
Croatian 980 520 460
Czech 305 150 155
Macedonian 160 75 85
Polish 8,030 3,705 4,320
Russian 4,690 2,220 2,470
Serbian 1,905 1,035 865
Serbo-Croatian 270 85 190
Slovak 305 140 165
Slovenian 435 190 245
Ukrainian 4,975 2,280 2,700
Latvian 95 30 65
Lithuanian 385 170 215
Greek 940 410 525
Armenian 60 35 25
Albanian 1,225 665 560
Estonian 80 20 55
Finnish 110 25 85
Hungarian 470 220 250
Turkish 315 150 165
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 70 60 0
Somali 560 240 315
Amharic 60 30 35
Arabic 1,075 600 470
Hebrew 135 75 65
Maltese 100 55 40
Tigrigna 40 0 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 500 260 235
Gujarati 560 295 265
Hindi 1,300 725 570
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 35 30 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 530 275 260
Sindhi 20 0 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30
Urdu 570 305 265
Nepali 120 75 45
Kurdish 15 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 735 395 340
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 155 85 70
Tamil 335 175 155
Telugu 95 45 50
Japanese 395 195 200
Korean 1,940 895 1,045
Cantonese 810 430 380
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 865 355 510
Taiwanese 30 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,025 445 575
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 125 45 75
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 585 295 290
Bisayan languages 175 95 80
Ilocano 135 45 90
Malay 85 45 40
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,825 1,180 1,645
Akan (Twi) 85 45 35
Lingala 15 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 20 0 0
Swahili 70 30 40
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 80 45 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 70 95
African languages, n.i.e. 30 0 20
Creoles 50 25 25
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,200 610 590
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 113,155 54,485 58,670
Non-movers 99,330 47,620 51,710
Movers 13,825 6,870 6,960
Non-migrants 9,250 4,575 4,675
Migrants 4,580 2,295 2,285
Internal migrants 3,270 1,560 1,710
Intraprovincial migrants 2,820 1,355 1,460
Interprovincial migrants 455 205 250
External migrants 1,310 735 575
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 108,455 52,000 56,455
Non-movers 64,040 30,520 33,520
Movers 44,420 21,485 22,940
Non-migrants 28,235 13,540 14,690
Migrants 16,190 7,945 8,245
Internal migrants 10,030 4,810 5,215
Intraprovincial migrants 8,730 4,105 4,625
Interprovincial migrants 1,300 710 590
External migrants 6,160 3,130 3,025
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 98,790 47,195 51,590
No certificate, diploma or degree 14,515 6,880 7,640
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,990 10,415 11,575
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 62,285 29,905 32,380
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,570 3,495 2,075
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 18,055 7,800 10,260
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,230 2,305 2,920
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 33,420 16,305 17,120
Bachelor's degree 20,375 9,820 10,560
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 13,045 6,485 6,565
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 69,375 33,640 35,735
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,205 2,725 2,480
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,295 6,635 6,655
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 50,870 24,275 26,600
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,905 2,510 1,395
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,510 6,420 8,090
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,120 1,855 2,260
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 28,335 13,485 14,850
Bachelor's degree 17,300 8,125 9,180
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,035 5,365 5,670
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 98,785 47,195 51,590
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 36,505 17,295 19,215
Education 3,950 960 2,990
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,120 1,845 2,280
Humanities 4,510 1,760 2,750
Social and behavioural sciences and law 9,160 3,415 5,745
Business, management and public administration 15,295 6,905 8,390
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,455 1,195 1,260
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,765 1,815 945
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,365 9,010 1,360
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 880 440 440
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,360 1,455 4,905
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,415 1,095 1,320
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 98,790 47,195 51,590
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 36,505 17,290 19,215
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 62,285 29,905 32,375
Location of study inside Canada 45,030 21,320 23,710
Same as province or territory of residence 41,580 19,765 21,815
Another province or territory 3,450 1,560 1,895
Location of study outside Canada 17,250 8,585 8,665
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 69,705 35,475 34,235
Single responses 68,675 35,020 33,650
English 67,465 34,425 33,040
French 195 35 160
Non-official languages 1,010 560 455
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 0 15
Cantonese 25 0 15
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 35 25 0
Spanish 70 45 30
Korean 140 65 75
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 65 30 35
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 650 385 265
Multiple responses 1,035 450 580
English and French 425 165 265
English and non-official language 590 280 310
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 15 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 69,710 35,475 34,235
English 67,465 34,425 33,045
French 195 40 160
Non-official language 1,015 560 450
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,015 560 450
English and French 430 165 265
English and non-official language 590 280 310
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 15 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 98,790 47,200 51,590
In the labour force 66,665 34,045 32,630
Employed 61,625 31,490 30,130
Unemployed 5,045 2,550 2,495
Not in the labour force 32,120 13,155 18,965
Participation rate 67.5 72.1 63.2
Employment rate 62.4 66.7 58.4
Unemployment rate 7.6 7.5 7.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 66,665 34,040 32,625
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,740 820 920
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,930 33,225 31,705
Employee 57,430 28,540 28,890
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,495 4,680 2,815
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 66,670 34,045 32,625
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,740 820 920
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,930 33,220 31,705
0 Management occupations 9,730 5,635 4,090
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,975 4,670 8,310
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,230 3,965 1,270
3 Health occupations 3,260 740 2,515
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,280 3,025 5,255
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,945 1,465 1,480
6 Sales and service occupations 13,770 6,000 7,770
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 6,485 6,085 400
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 420 375 45
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,840 1,270 570
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 66,670 34,045 32,625
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,740 820 920
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,925 33,225 31,700
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 125 105 15
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 120 45 80
22 Utilities 375 230 145
23 Construction 3,930 3,515 415
31-33 Manufacturing 5,275 3,635 1,635
41 Wholesale trade 3,320 1,965 1,355
44-45 Retail trade 6,295 2,955 3,340
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,340 2,350 995
51 Information and cultural industries 2,600 1,410 1,190
52 Finance and insurance 5,585 2,590 2,995
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,885 1,000 885
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 7,790 4,030 3,760
55 Management of companies and enterprises 115 40 70
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,020 1,410 1,610
61 Educational services 4,535 1,560 2,975
62 Health care and social assistance 5,515 1,135 4,375
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,540 845 695
72 Accommodation and food services 3,310 1,510 1,800
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,705 1,120 1,585
91 Public administration 3,560 1,765 1,795
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 66,670 34,040 32,625
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,510 1,715 1,800
Worked in 2010 63,160 32,335 30,830
1 to 13 weeks 2,995 1,335 1,665
14 to 26 weeks 4,460 2,105 2,350
27 to 39 weeks 3,230 1,520 1,715
40 to 48 weeks 9,285 4,915 4,365
49 to 52 weeks 43,195 22,455 20,740
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.4 45.9 45.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 66,670 34,040 32,625
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,510 1,710 1,800
Worked in 2010 63,160 32,335 30,825
Worked full-time in 2010 52,695 28,305 24,395
Worked part-time in 2010 10,460 4,030 6,430
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 61,620 31,495 30,130
Worked at home 4,255 2,320 1,935
Worked outside Canada 255 185 65
No fixed workplace address 6,400 4,590 1,810
Worked at usual place 50,715 24,395 26,315
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 57,115 28,990 28,120
Car, truck or van - as a driver 33,895 19,340 14,560
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,980 575 1,410
Public transit 17,890 7,400 10,485
Walked 2,190 970 1,220
Bicycle 560 450 110
Other methods 600 260 340
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 57,115 28,990 28,125
Median commuting duration 30.5 30.4 30.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 57,115 28,985 28,120
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 10,695 7,225 3,470
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 36,380 16,655 19,725
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,045 5,110 4,930
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 52,635 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 49,315 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,320 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 52,635 ... ...
1960 or before 24,835 ... ...
1961 to 1980 10,135 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,075 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,450 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,310 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,830 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 52,635 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 23,560 ... ...
5 rooms 7,825 ... ...
6 rooms 6,540 ... ...
7 rooms 5,020 ... ...
8 or more rooms 9,685 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 52,635 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 15,380 ... ...
2 bedrooms 17,620 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,525 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,110 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 52,635 ... ...
Owner 31,155 ... ...
Renter 21,475 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 52,635 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 12,425 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 40,210 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 52,635 ... ...
1 household maintainer 34,420 ... ...
2 household maintainers 17,135 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,075 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 52,635 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,185 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,780 ... ...
35 to 44 years 10,325 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,745 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,575 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,640 ... ...
75 years and over 6,375 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 52,635 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 51,145 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,485 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 52,630 ... ...
Suitable 47,475 ... ...
Not suitable 5,165 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 52,540 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 36,530 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 16,005 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,275 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 31,160 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 23.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,336 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,458 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 450,096 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 530,062 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 21,475 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 968 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,003 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 98,790 47,200 51,590
Without income 4,175 1,745 2,430
With income 94,615 45,455 49,160
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,855 4,515 4,340
$5,000 to $9,999 5,535 2,175 3,360
$10,000 to $14,999 7,195 2,700 4,495
$15,000 to $19,999 8,280 3,385 4,895
$20,000 to $29,999 12,020 4,920 7,100
$30,000 to $39,999 9,395 4,420 4,980
$40,000 to $49,999 9,045 4,625 4,420
$50,000 to $59,999 7,315 3,795 3,525
$60,000 to $79,999 10,635 5,200 5,435
$80,000 to $99,999 6,410 3,360 3,050
$100,000 and over 9,925 6,365 3,565
$100,000 to $124,999 3,820 2,355 1,465
$125,000 and over 6,105 4,010 2,095
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,725 41,475 30,576
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 52,400 61,077 44,377
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 98,785 47,200 51,590
Without after-tax income 4,200 1,745 2,455
With after-tax income 94,590 45,455 49,130
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,985 4,585 4,395
$5,000 to $9,999 5,705 2,200 3,505
$10,000 to $14,999 7,380 2,790 4,595
$15,000 to $19,999 8,820 3,645 5,175
$20,000 to $29,999 13,905 5,800 8,100
$30,000 to $39,999 11,805 5,775 6,030
$40,000 to $49,999 10,670 5,550 5,125
$50,000 to $59,999 7,895 4,000 3,890
$60,000 to $79,999 9,930 5,035 4,890
$80,000 to $99,999 3,960 2,425 1,545
$100,000 and over 5,535 3,655 1,880
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,197 36,645 28,338
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 42,038 47,811 36,696
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.4 92.9 87.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.0 81.0 74.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 72.7 74.2 70.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.3 6.7 3.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.7 4.7 4.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.0 5.9 6.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.4 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.6 7.1 12.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.8 2.3 3.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.4 1.5 3.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.8 1.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.8 0.1 1.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.5 2.4 2.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 19.8 21.7 17.4
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 80.2 78.3 82.6
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.2 2.9 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 38,735 20,790 17,945
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 57,451 60,066 55,187
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 75,791 84,795 65,359
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 31,600 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,760 ... ...
Average family income ($) 119,303 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 77,340 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 95,177 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,960 ... ...
Median family income ($) 86,088 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,524 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 74,333 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,211 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 12,855 ... ...
Median family income ($) 114,844 ... ...
Average family income ($) 151,870 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 96,982 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 118,649 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,495 ... ...
Median family income ($) 51,204 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,155 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 47,060 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 56,429 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 23,990 11,145 12,845
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,756 39,713 33,487
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 49,505 50,991 48,216
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,151 35,019 30,238
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 40,369 41,188 39,658
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 114,310 55,065 59,245
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 48,115 22,360 25,755
In bottom decile 10,490 4,945 5,550
In second decile 10,385 4,435 5,950
In third decile 9,255 4,110 5,140
In fourth decile 9,370 4,600 4,770
In fifth decile 8,615 4,265 4,355
In top half of the Canadian distribution 66,200 32,710 33,490
In sixth decile 9,270 4,630 4,645
In seventh decile 9,520 4,850 4,665
In eighth decile 11,820 5,545 6,275
In ninth decile 14,260 7,020 7,240
In top decile 21,330 10,670 10,660
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 52,630 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,545 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,590 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,805 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,445 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,130 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,730 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,885 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,775 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,445 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,780 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,410 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,240 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 52,630 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,580 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,655 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,840 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,070 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,195 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,800 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,470 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,710 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,340 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,130 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,490 ... ...
$125,000 and over 7,635 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 52,630 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 66,891 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 94,196 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 57,582 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 75,546 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 19,375 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 41,209 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 53,809 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 36,087 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 43,503 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 33,255 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 88,663 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 117,725 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 76,584 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 94,213 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 114,310 55,070 59,245
Less than 18 years 18,835 9,720 9,115
Less than 6 years 6,965 3,630 3,330
18 to 64 years 78,190 38,180 40,010
65 years and over 17,280 7,165 10,120
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,820 7,205 8,620
Less than 18 years 3,200 1,715 1,485
Less than 6 years 1,025 545 475
18 to 64 years 10,630 4,970 5,660
65 years and over 1,990 520 1,475
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.8 13.1 14.5
Less than 18 years (%) 17.0 17.6 16.3
Less than 6 years (%) 14.7 15.0 14.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.0 14.1
65 years and over (%) 11.5 7.3 14.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Etobicoke--Lakeshore, Ontario (Code 35028) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed March 26, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Etobicoke--Lakeshore, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Etobicoke--Lakeshore, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Etobicoke--Lakeshore
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 115,440 55,655 59,785
0 to 4 years 5,815 2,975 2,845
5 to 9 years 4,875 2,535 2,340
10 to 14 years 4,885 2,505 2,385
15 to 19 years 5,595 2,870 2,725
15 years 1,035 525 510
16 years 1,070 575 495
17 years 1,110 580 535
18 years 1,155 585 570
19 years 1,225 600 625
20 to 24 years 6,510 3,230 3,275
25 to 29 years 7,875 3,775 4,105
30 to 34 years 9,135 4,415 4,720
35 to 39 years 8,980 4,395 4,585
40 to 44 years 8,965 4,405 4,555
45 to 49 years 9,980 4,880 5,095
50 to 54 years 9,515 4,760 4,755
55 to 59 years 8,240 3,955 4,290
60 to 64 years 7,005 3,345 3,660
65 to 69 years 4,865 2,285 2,585
70 to 74 years 3,910 1,760 2,145
75 to 79 years 3,410 1,420 1,990
80 to 84 years 2,890 1,095 1,795
85 years and over 2,985 1,050 1,940
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.2 41.3 43.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.5 85.6 87.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 99,855 47,635 52,220
Married or living with a common-law partner 52,320 26,250 26,075
Married (and not separated) 44,360 22,195 22,165
Living common law 7,960 4,055 3,905
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 47,535 21,385 26,145
Single (never legally married) 29,885 15,585 14,300
Separated 3,530 1,550 1,985
Divorced 7,710 3,090 4,625
Widowed 6,395 1,165 5,235
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 31,595 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 16,895 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,325 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,650 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,720 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 31,595 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 25,505 ... ...
Married couples 21,530 ... ...
Without children at home 9,800 ... ...
With children at home 11,725 ... ...
1 child 5,245 ... ...
2 children 4,955 ... ...
3 or more children 1,525 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,970 ... ...
Without children at home 2,880 ... ...
With children at home 1,095 ... ...
1 child 625 ... ...
2 children 365 ... ...
3 or more children 100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,095 ... ...
Female parent 5,020 ... ...
1 child 3,425 ... ...
2 children 1,230 ... ...
3 or more children 365 ... ...
Male parent 1,070 ... ...
1 child 790 ... ...
2 children 225 ... ...
3 or more children 55 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 30,300 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,845 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,670 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,125 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,435 ... ...
25 years and over 5,220 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 114,275 55,210 59,065
Number of persons not in census families 26,880 12,450 14,430
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,810 1,155 1,655
Living with non-relatives only 4,660 2,660 1,995
Living alone 19,410 8,635 10,775
Number of census family persons 87,400 42,760 44,640
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 17,270 7,400 9,865
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,825 1,970 4,860
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 855 190 660
Living with non-relatives only 380 195 185
Living alone 5,590 1,580 4,015
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 10,440 5,435 5,005
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 52,625 ... ...
Census-family households 30,845 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 28,190 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 23,130 ... ...
Without children 11,545 ... ...
With children 11,585 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,055 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,655 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,945 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,300 ... ...
Without children 525 ... ...
With children 770 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 645 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 21,785 ... ...
One-person households 19,410 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,375 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 52,625 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,455 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 18,745 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 10 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 15,420 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,265 ... ...
Row house 2,255 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,495 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,380 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 52,630 ... ...
1 person 19,410 ... ...
2 persons 17,105 ... ...
3 persons 7,650 ... ...
4 persons 5,800 ... ...
5 persons 1,875 ... ...
6 or more persons 790 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 114,275 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,720 55,400 59,320
  Single responses  111,750 53,975 57,775
    English  67,100 33,190 33,910
    French  1,735 810 930
    Non-official languages  42,915 19,975 22,940
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 42,575 19,795 22,780
        African languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Afrikaans  15 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  60 25 35
        Albanian  875 460 410
        Amharic  105 40 70
        Arabic  705 400 300
        Armenian  105 55 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 40 15 25
        Bengali  395 210 185
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  65 30 35
        Bosnian  120 65 55
        Bulgarian  335 180 155
        Burmese  20 10 5
        Cantonese  730 335 395
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,015 470 550
        Creoles  40 25 10
        Croatian  735 370 365
        Czech  265 145 120
        Danish  60 30 30
        Dutch  195 105 90
        Estonian  100 45 60
        Finnish  70 20 45
        Flemish  10 5 10
        Fukien  10 0 5
        German  1,120 505 615
        Greek  610 290 320
        Gujarati  415 210 205
        Hakka  10 5 5
        Hebrew  30 10 15
        Hindi  335 170 165
        Hungarian  565 270 295
        Ilocano  100 35 65
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Italian  3,100 1,440 1,660
        Japanese  270 95 170
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  1,770 800 970
        Kurdish  25 15 5
        Lao  20 10 10
        Latvian  100 30 65
        Lingala  10 5 10
        Lithuanian  440 180 255
        Macedonian  130 60 65
        Malay  50 20 25
        Malayalam  80 40 35
        Maltese  120 60 60
        Mandarin  615 260 360
        Marathi  45 30 15
        Nepali  40 20 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 40 25 20
        Norwegian  10 0 5
        Oromo  35 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  250 130 115
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  445 235 210
        Polish  6,315 2,825 3,495
        Portuguese  2,525 1,225 1,295
        Romanian  490 250 245
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  2,520 1,140 1,385
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Serbian  1,680 840 845
        Serbo-Croatian  155 70 90
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  25 15 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  50 25 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Slovak  340 165 175
        Slovenian  475 205 265
        Somali  445 180 265
        Spanish  2,660 1,255 1,405
        Swahili  60 25 35
        Swedish  45 20 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,950 745 1,205
        Taiwanese  15 5 5
        Tamil  235 115 115
        Telugu  85 45 40
        Thai  60 20 40
        Tibetan languages  555 265 290
        Tigrigna  50 30 25
        Turkish  225 115 110
        Ukrainian  3,790 1,705 2,085
        Urdu  355 190 170
        Vietnamese  465 220 240
        Yiddish  10 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 330 175 155
  Multiple responses          2,965 1,425 1,540
    English and French  340 165 170
    English and non-official language  2,385 1,150 1,230
    French and non-official language  165 75 95
    English, French and non-official language 80 35 45
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,720 55,395 59,320
  English only 100,920 49,495 51,425
  French only 120 55 60
  English and French 10,545 4,610 5,930
  Neither English nor French 3,135 1,230 1,905
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,720 55,395 59,320
  English 108,795 52,885 55,905
  French 1,830 840 990
  English and French 1,015 460 550
  Neither English nor French 3,080 1,210 1,870
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,340 1,070 1,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.0 1.9 2.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,715 55,395 59,320
  Single responses 108,670 52,515 56,155
    English 85,255 41,550 43,700
    French 670 315 355
    Non-official languages 22,745 10,650 12,100
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 5 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 22,585 10,560 12,025
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 25 5 20
        Albanian 515 275 245
        Amharic 55 20 35
        Arabic 310 155 150
        Armenian 40 20 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Bengali 260 130 125
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 20 10 10
        Bosnian 70 35 40
        Bulgarian 210 120 90
        Burmese 15 10 5
        Cantonese 335 165 170
        Chinese, n.o.s. 610 300 310
        Creoles 10 5 5
        Croatian 310 155 150
        Czech 115 55 55
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 25 10 15
        Finnish 5 5 5
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 5
        German 150 65 85
        Greek 205 90 120
        Gujarati 255 125 130
        Hakka 5 0 5
        Hebrew 10 5 5
        Hindi 120 70 55
        Hungarian 230 105 125
        Ilocano 25 10 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 15
        Italian 1,120 465 660
        Japanese 105 40 65
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5
        Korean 1,340 610 730
        Kurdish 5 0 5
        Lao 5 5 5
        Latvian 40 20 20
        Lingala 5 5 0
        Lithuanian 210 90 115
        Macedonian 45 25 20
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 50 30 25
        Maltese 20 5 15
        Mandarin 445 205 240
        Marathi 20 10 10
        Nepali 30 15 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 25 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 95 50 50
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 235 125 110
        Polish 3,580 1,615 1,970
        Portuguese 1,075 530 545
        Romanian 245 115 125
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 1,955 910 1,045
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Serbian 1,155 555 600
        Serbo-Croatian 75 40 40
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5
        Sindhi 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Slovak 155 80 70
        Slovenian 205 90 115
        Somali 300 120 175
        Spanish 1,450 675 770
        Swahili 30 10 15
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 900 380 525
        Taiwanese 0 0 5
        Tamil 155 80 75
        Telugu 60 30 30
        Thai 40 15 25
        Tibetan languages 420 200 215
        Tigrigna 35 20 15
        Turkish 145 70 75
        Ukrainian 2,255 1,060 1,190
        Urdu 180 90 90
        Vietnamese 265 120 140
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 155 85 75
  Multiple responses         6,045 2,885 3,160
    English and French 230 105 130
    English and non-official language 5,640 2,700 2,945
    French and non-official language 60 20 40
    English, French and non-official language 120 65 55
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,720 55,395 59,320
  None 89,945 43,775 46,175
  Single responses  24,200 11,365 12,840
    English  9,430 4,480 4,945
    French  1,220 540 680
    Non-official languages  13,555 6,345 7,210
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 5 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 13,385 6,265 7,125
        African languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Afrikaans  20 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  35 15 20
        Albanian  225 110 110
        Amharic  40 15 20
        Arabic  255 160 95
        Armenian  35 15 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 10 20
        Bengali  90 55 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  35 20 15
        Bulgarian  75 30 40
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  245 100 150
        Chinese, n.o.s.  225 110 115
        Creoles  35 20 20
        Croatian  280 150 125
        Czech  100 55 45
        Danish  20 5 10
        Dutch  55 30 25
        Estonian  40 20 20
        Finnish  15 0 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  465 225 240
        Greek  375 175 200
        Gujarati  120 65 60
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  30 15 10
        Hindi  210 110 105
        Hungarian  160 70 85
        Ilocano  20 10 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Italian  1,225 595 630
        Japanese  130 55 70
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  280 135 145
        Kurdish  10 10 5
        Lao  5 5 0
        Latvian  30 10 20
        Lingala  15 5 5
        Lithuanian  125 45 80
        Macedonian  45 20 25
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  25 15 10
        Maltese  45 20 25
        Mandarin  150 55 95
        Marathi  10 10 5
        Nepali  20 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 45 20 25
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  120 75 50
        Pashto  10 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  115 65 55
        Polish  1,635 700 935
        Portuguese  1,000 485 515
        Romanian  140 60 75
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  710 350 355
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  415 200 215
        Serbo-Croatian  40 15 25
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 10 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slovak  75 40 40
        Slovenian  140 60 80
        Somali  145 60 90
        Spanish  1,060 520 540
        Swahili  50 25 25
        Swedish  35 15 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  650 220 430
        Taiwanese  15 10 5
        Tamil  65 25 40
        Telugu  10 5 0
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  70 35 30
        Tigrigna  20 10 10
        Turkish  75 40 35
        Ukrainian  1,020 435 585
        Urdu  105 65 45
        Vietnamese  105 60 50
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 160 75 85
  Multiple responses          565 260 305
    English and French  70 35 40
    English and non-official language  220 110 110
    French and non-official language  270 110 160
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Etobicoke--Lakeshore, Ontario (Code 35028) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed March 26, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Etobicoke--Lakeshore (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Etobicoke--Lakeshore, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Etobicoke--Lakeshore, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Etobicoke--Lakeshore (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census