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NHS Profile, Mississauga Centre, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Mississauga Centre, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga Centre
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 118,185 57,885 60,300
Canadian citizens 97,485 47,865 49,620
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,455 10,175 9,275
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,030 37,690 40,340
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 20,700 10,015 10,685
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 118,185 57,885 60,300
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 41,985 21,495 20,490
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 74,265 35,425 38,840
Before 1971 6,640 3,020 3,615
1971 to 1980 8,960 4,080 4,885
1981 to 1990 10,895 5,230 5,665
1991 to 2000 18,615 8,955 9,660
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 29,160 14,135 15,020
2001 to 2005 14,525 7,030 7,495
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 14,625 7,105 7,515
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,940 965 975
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 74,265 35,425 38,840
Under 5 years 5,885 2,975 2,900
5 to 14 years 13,485 6,765 6,725
15 to 24 years 14,960 6,755 8,200
25 to 44 years 31,590 14,890 16,700
45 years and over 8,350 4,040 4,310
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 118,185 57,885 60,305
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 41,985 21,500 20,485
Born in province of residence 37,475 19,360 18,115
Born outside province of residence 4,505 2,135 2,370
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 74,265 35,425 38,840
Americas 8,635 3,735 4,890
United States 805 355 450
Jamaica 1,580 665 915
Guyana 1,560 655 905
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 1,295 595 695
Colombia 750 335 415
El Salvador 65 20 50
Peru 300 140 155
Chile 245 110 130
Other places of birth in Americas 1,850 795 1,050
Europe 13,420 6,410 7,010
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,410 670 740
Italy 1,085 575 515
Germany 485 235 250
Poland 3,275 1,530 1,740
Portugal 2,650 1,245 1,410
Netherlands 105 60 45
France 90 40 50
Romania 400 220 180
Russian Federation 235 105 130
Greece 310 165 145
Ukraine 555 235 325
Croatia 645 315 325
Hungary 110 45 65
Bosnia and Herzegovina 415 215 200
Serbia 170 80 90
Ireland, Republic of 105 35 70
Other places of birth in Europe 1,385 660 725
Africa 4,785 2,355 2,425
Morocco 35 0 0
Algeria 40 0 30
Egypt 2,160 1,115 1,040
South Africa, Republic of 130 55 75
Nigeria 190 115 75
Ethiopia 40 25 0
Kenya 480 250 230
Other places of birth in Africa 1,710 765 950
Asia 47,320 22,865 24,450
India 10,935 5,300 5,635
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 6,545 3,035 3,505
Philippines 6,175 2,720 3,460
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 2,425 1,155 1,265
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,095 1,005 1,095
Pakistan 6,255 3,170 3,085
Sri Lanka 2,110 995 1,115
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 510 275 230
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,205 595 610
Lebanon 855 425 430
Taiwan 480 220 265
Iraq 1,430 740 690
Bangladesh 360 150 215
Afghanistan 490 250 245
Japan 110 35 75
Turkey 185 90 95
Other places of birth in Asia 5,145 2,695 2,450
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 110 50 60
Fiji 50 0 35
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 60 35 20
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,940 965 975
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 14,625 7,105 7,520
Americas 1,345 620 725
United States 330 150 180
Mexico 60 30 35
Cuba 80 40 40
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 65 25 40
Brazil 90 40 55
Colombia 310 135 175
Guyana 85 30 60
Peru 40 0 30
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 40 15 25
Other places of birth in Americas 245 145 100
Europe 660 295 365
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 155 65 90
Romania 40 25 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 25 0 15
Ukraine 115 35 75
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 70 35 30
Other places of birth in Europe 225 105 125
Africa 1,400 730 665
Nigeria 120 70 50
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 255 110 135
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 20 0 0
Egypt 730 370 360
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 20 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 15
Other places of birth in Africa 205 135 70
Asia 11,210 5,445 5,760
Philippines 1,480 710 770
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,245 595 645
India 2,855 1,375 1,480
Pakistan 1,720 835 890
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 55 20 30
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 180 100 80
Sri Lanka 310 150 155
Iraq 725 335 390
Bangladesh 55 25 25
Lebanon 290 125 160
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 105 65 45
Taiwan 55 35 20
Afghanistan 65 45 25
Japan 20 0 0
Turkey 40 25 0
Israel 50 20 30
Nepal 30 15 10
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 65 20 45
United Arab Emirates 470 230 240
Saudi Arabia 265 160 105
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 170 110 65
Other places of birth in Asia 970 450 515
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 118,185 57,885 60,305
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 76,405 36,495 39,915
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 29,185 15,120 14,065
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 12,595 6,270 6,320
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 118,185 57,885 60,300
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 79,130 38,525 40,600
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 31,175 15,385 15,790
Chinese 13,710 6,515 7,200
Black 5,880 2,560 3,315
Filipino 7,750 3,590 4,160
Latin American 2,790 1,300 1,490
Arab 7,575 4,030 3,545
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 3,070 1,630 1,445
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,550 850 695
Korean 1,575 795 780
Japanese 375 160 215
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,660 700 960
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 2,025 1,010 1,015
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 39,055 19,355 19,700
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 118,185 57,885 60,300
North American Aboriginal origins 590 235 355
First Nations (North American Indian) 385 170 210
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 185 60 125
Other North American origins 8,675 4,470 4,205
Acadian 35 0 25
American 470 245 220
Canadian 8,305 4,275 4,030
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 39,075 19,140 19,940
British Isles origins 11,820 5,795 6,025
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 6,555 3,175 3,385
Irish 4,600 2,255 2,345
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 4,385 2,150 2,235
Welsh 355 185 165
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,020 455 565
French origins 2,585 1,100 1,485
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 2,575 1,095 1,475
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,860 1,930 1,925
Austrian 280 155 125
Belgian 155 70 85
Dutch 805 390 410
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,895 1,430 1,470
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 135 95 40
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 645 370 275
Danish 125 75 45
Finnish 180 125 55
Icelandic 15 0 0
Norwegian 75 35 40
Swedish 235 120 115
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 40 25 15
Eastern European origins 9,840 4,880 4,955
Bulgarian 150 65 80
Byelorussian 65 55 15
Czech 225 130 100
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 65 30 35
Estonian 110 60 55
Hungarian 595 335 255
Latvian 50 35 15
Lithuanian 295 130 160
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 5,450 2,660 2,795
Romanian 560 335 225
Russian 980 525 450
Slovak 295 130 170
Ukrainian 2,190 1,020 1,170
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 17,865 8,890 8,975
Albanian 215 120 95
Bosnian 230 105 125
Croatian 1,355 750 610
Cypriot 55 40 15
Greek 1,160 645 515
Italian 5,660 2,965 2,695
Kosovar 15 0 0
Macedonian 395 190 200
Maltese 625 295 335
Montenegrin 30 15 0
Portuguese 5,900 2,790 3,110
Serbian 440 225 210
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 250 130 125
Spanish 2,635 1,235 1,400
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 195 105 85
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 870 485 385
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 365 220 140
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 85 40 45
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 410 220 190
Caribbean origins 5,475 2,315 3,165
Antiguan 25 10 15
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 530 180 350
Bermudan 10 0 0
Carib 25 0 20
Cuban 175 85 90
Dominican 70 30 35
Grenadian 150 50 95
Haitian 25 0 0
Jamaican 2,910 1,265 1,640
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 35 15 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 675 280 395
Vincentian/Grenadinian 105 25 85
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,055 485 575
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 115 50 60
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,760 1,630 2,130
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 65 25 45
Argentinian 220 130 90
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 240 100 140
Chilean 270 135 135
Colombian 855 395 460
Costa Rican 75 0 65
Ecuadorian 180 70 110
Guatemalan 75 0 55
Guyanese 900 355 545
Hispanic 25 15 0
Honduran 10 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 190 95 95
Nicaraguan 45 20 25
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 280 120 160
Salvadorean 120 55 70
Uruguayan 50 20 25
Venezuelan 115 65 50
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 135 40 95
African origins 5,725 2,790 2,935
Central and West African origins 675 350 325
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 20 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 45 0 35
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 170 100 70
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 20 15 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 385 205 180
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 10 0 10
North African origins 3,290 1,725 1,570
Algerian 55 20 35
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 200 130 70
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 2,705 1,410 1,295
Libyan 70 25 45
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 145 105 35
Sudanese 320 145 175
Tunisian 45 30 15
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 585 225 365
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 50 25 25
Ethiopian 20 0 15
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 30 20 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 195 85 115
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 125 25 100
South African 75 35 40
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 20 0 15
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 50 20 30
Other African origins 1,180 495 690
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 125 60 60
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,060 430 630
Asian origins 68,355 33,655 34,700
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 9,060 4,820 4,240
Afghan 715 410 305
Arab, n.o.s. 1,510 835 675
Armenian 140 55 80
Assyrian 150 75 75
Azerbaijani 15 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 805 420 385
Iraqi 1,095 510 580
Israeli 35 20 20
Jordanian 705 435 270
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 100 65 35
Kuwaiti 30 25 0
Lebanese 1,245 670 580
Palestinian 1,855 1,005 850
Pashtun 115 50 65
Saudi Arabian 95 40 55
Syrian 545 245 300
Tajik 45 0 30
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 560 280 280
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 25 0 0
Yemeni 15 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 350 210 135
South Asian origins 32,160 15,915 16,245
Bangladeshi 245 125 120
Bengali 110 55 60
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 22,240 10,980 11,260
Goan 305 120 185
Gujarati 135 65 65
Kashmiri 170 85 80
Nepali 50 25 25
Pakistani 5,645 2,820 2,825
Punjabi 540 290 250
Sinhalese 115 55 65
Sri Lankan 2,370 1,180 1,190
Tamil 780 390 390
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,670 895 775
East and Southeast Asian origins 28,010 13,370 14,640
Burmese 60 25 35
Cambodian (Khmer) 45 25 20
Chinese 15,600 7,410 8,190
Filipino 8,235 3,810 4,425
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 275 135 140
Japanese 535 230 305
Korean 1,640 820 820
Laotian 55 20 35
Malaysian 90 25 65
Mongolian 30 20 0
Singaporean 25 0 0
Taiwanese 215 80 130
Thai 30 0 0
Tibetan 25 0 20
Vietnamese 2,820 1,485 1,335
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 195 115 75
Other Asian origins 310 160 155
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 310 160 155
Oceania origins 40 25 20
Australian 10 10 0
New Zealander 20 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 118,185 57,880 60,305
Buddhist 3,440 1,650 1,795
Christian 62,550 29,440 33,110
Anglican 2,580 1,165 1,415
Baptist 1,525 655 875
Catholic 39,950 18,955 20,990
Christian Orthodox 4,695 2,340 2,355
Lutheran 390 200 185
Pentecostal 1,555 610 940
Presbyterian 1,425 695 735
United Church 1,815 865 945
Other Christian 8,625 3,955 4,670
Hindu 10,555 5,230 5,325
Jewish 235 130 110
Muslim 19,505 9,910 9,595
Sikh 3,350 1,695 1,655
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 545 235 305
No religious affiliation 18,005 9,600 8,410
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 118,185 57,885 60,300
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 280 100 185
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 180 85 100
Métis single identity 30 0 25
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 35 0 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 117,900 57,785 60,115
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 118,185 57,885 60,300
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 110 50 60
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 118,075 57,835 60,245
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 118,185 57,885 60,300
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 590 235 355
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 380 170 210
Métis ancestry 190 65 125
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 117,600 57,650 59,945
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 80,250 38,935 41,315
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 80,240 38,940 41,305
Italian 2,275 1,200 1,075
Portuguese 4,265 1,995 2,265
Romanian 465 255 210
Spanish 4,085 1,815 2,270
Dutch 175 50 120
Flemish 0 0 0
German 960 515 445
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 25 20 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 15 10 0
Afrikaans 75 30 40
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 180 80 100
Bulgarian 150 70 75
Croatian 1,180 650 530
Czech 130 75 60
Macedonian 335 155 180
Polish 4,475 2,210 2,265
Russian 1,060 485 570
Serbian 400 195 205
Serbo-Croatian 115 55 60
Slovak 155 60 95
Slovenian 100 40 60
Ukrainian 1,010 420 590
Latvian 15 0 0
Lithuanian 190 75 110
Greek 695 375 320
Armenian 55 30 25
Albanian 170 90 80
Estonian 35 0 20
Finnish 35 0 20
Hungarian 220 105 115
Turkish 390 180 210
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 125 45 80
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 8,665 4,530 4,130
Hebrew 55 40 0
Maltese 275 115 160
Tigrigna 45 20 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 225 105 125
Bengali 740 380 360
Gujarati 2,245 1,070 1,175
Hindi 8,290 4,040 4,245
Konkani 490 235 255
Marathi 630 285 345
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,545 2,825 2,720
Sindhi 320 130 190
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 470 195 270
Urdu 9,425 4,805 4,620
Nepali 60 30 35
Kurdish 240 130 100
Pashto 450 190 255
Persian (Farsi) 1,120 610 510
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 185 95 95
Kannada 235 140 95
Malayalam 800 390 410
Tamil 3,125 1,485 1,645
Telugu 465 255 210
Japanese 350 185 165
Korean 1,500 745 755
Cantonese 4,690 2,195 2,495
Fukien 45 25 15
Hakka 100 50 50
Mandarin 4,715 2,120 2,590
Taiwanese 180 70 115
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,285 2,055 2,230
Lao 20 10 0
Thai 15 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,480 1,230 1,245
Bisayan languages 295 155 135
Ilocano 115 40 75
Malay 425 215 220
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 6,095 2,680 3,420
Akan (Twi) 55 25 30
Lingala 35 0 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 200 90 110
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 35 20
African languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20
Creoles 400 185 215
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 505 255 245
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 116,905 57,240 59,660
Non-movers 100,605 49,380 51,230
Movers 16,295 7,860 8,430
Non-migrants 8,865 4,255 4,605
Migrants 7,425 3,605 3,825
Internal migrants 4,185 2,035 2,150
Intraprovincial migrants 3,795 1,810 1,985
Interprovincial migrants 390 225 165
External migrants 3,245 1,570 1,670
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 112,055 54,840 57,215
Non-movers 62,220 30,385 31,830
Movers 49,835 24,450 25,380
Non-migrants 24,060 11,870 12,195
Migrants 25,770 12,580 13,190
Internal migrants 12,570 6,040 6,525
Intraprovincial migrants 11,360 5,460 5,900
Interprovincial migrants 1,215 580 630
External migrants 13,200 6,540 6,660
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 99,120 48,030 51,090
No certificate, diploma or degree 13,950 6,470 7,480
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 23,460 11,255 12,200
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 61,715 30,300 31,415
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,260 3,240 2,015
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,365 7,075 8,295
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 7,390 3,470 3,920
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 33,700 16,515 17,180
Bachelor's degree 20,885 9,810 11,075
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 12,805 6,710 6,105
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 68,705 33,015 35,690
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,205 2,380 2,825
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,045 6,115 6,935
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 50,455 24,520 25,930
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,850 2,350 1,500
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,190 5,660 6,530
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,730 2,640 3,095
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 28,685 13,875 14,810
Bachelor's degree 17,435 8,025 9,410
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,245 5,845 5,395
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 99,115 48,025 51,090
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 37,405 17,725 19,680
Education 3,330 675 2,655
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,795 930 865
Humanities 3,520 940 2,585
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,725 2,380 4,345
Business, management and public administration 16,220 7,155 9,065
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,470 1,475 1,995
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 4,425 2,950 1,475
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 12,655 10,795 1,865
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 660 290 370
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,575 1,615 4,965
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,330 1,110 1,215
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 99,120 48,025 51,090
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 37,405 17,725 19,680
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 61,715 30,300 31,410
Location of study inside Canada 33,005 16,040 16,960
Same as province or territory of residence 30,725 14,840 15,880
Another province or territory 2,275 1,200 1,080
Location of study outside Canada 28,715 14,260 14,450
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 68,890 35,945 32,950
Single responses 67,375 35,275 32,105
English 65,680 34,465 31,210
French 145 35 110
Non-official languages 1,555 770 780
Chinese, n.o.s. 325 185 140
Cantonese 190 80 115
Panjabi (Punjabi) 75 50 30
Mandarin 180 80 100
Spanish 125 75 50
Korean 115 70 45
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 90 60 35
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 445 175 270
Multiple responses 1,515 670 845
English and French 405 135 270
English and non-official language 1,090 525 565
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 15 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 68,895 35,945 32,945
English 65,680 34,470 31,210
French 140 35 110
Non-official language 1,550 770 780
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,550 770 780
English and French 405 135 270
English and non-official language 1,090 530 565
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 20 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 99,120 48,025 51,095
In the labour force 65,895 34,285 31,610
Employed 59,885 31,495 28,390
Unemployed 6,010 2,790 3,225
Not in the labour force 33,225 13,745 19,480
Participation rate 66.5 71.4 61.9
Employment rate 60.4 65.6 55.6
Unemployment rate 9.1 8.1 10.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 65,895 34,280 31,610
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,170 890 1,280
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,725 33,395 30,330
Employee 57,920 29,360 28,570
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,800 4,035 1,760
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 65,890 34,285 31,610
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,170 890 1,280
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,720 33,395 30,330
0 Management occupations 6,955 4,450 2,515
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 13,280 4,555 8,730
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 7,475 5,890 1,580
3 Health occupations 3,170 740 2,430
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,100 1,530 3,570
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,280 600 685
6 Sales and service occupations 15,595 6,835 8,760
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 6,880 6,335 540
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 300 280 25
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,690 2,190 1,500
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 65,890 34,280 31,610
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,170 890 1,280
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,725 33,395 30,330
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 145 90 55
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 135 105 25
22 Utilities 385 255 130
23 Construction 2,840 2,455 380
31-33 Manufacturing 7,515 4,950 2,575
41 Wholesale trade 4,400 2,745 1,655
44-45 Retail trade 7,395 3,245 4,150
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 4,490 3,075 1,420
51 Information and cultural industries 1,970 1,295 680
52 Finance and insurance 5,010 2,295 2,715
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,440 905 535
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,970 4,205 2,770
55 Management of companies and enterprises 130 85 50
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,640 1,745 1,890
61 Educational services 3,840 1,210 2,635
62 Health care and social assistance 4,670 820 3,850
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 630 365 255
72 Accommodation and food services 3,140 1,350 1,790
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,430 1,085 1,350
91 Public administration 2,535 1,095 1,440
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 65,895 34,285 31,610
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,365 2,015 2,350
Worked in 2010 61,525 32,265 29,260
1 to 13 weeks 3,555 1,710 1,845
14 to 26 weeks 4,795 2,200 2,595
27 to 39 weeks 3,570 1,785 1,780
40 to 48 weeks 10,295 5,340 4,955
49 to 52 weeks 39,300 21,220 18,085
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.4 45.0 43.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 65,890 34,280 31,610
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,365 2,015 2,350
Worked in 2010 61,525 32,265 29,260
Worked full-time in 2010 51,350 28,475 22,880
Worked part-time in 2010 10,175 3,790 6,385
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 59,880 31,495 28,390
Worked at home 3,110 1,875 1,230
Worked outside Canada 430 305 125
No fixed workplace address 6,270 4,130 2,135
Worked at usual place 50,080 25,180 24,895
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 56,350 29,320 27,030
Car, truck or van - as a driver 41,520 23,720 17,795
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,255 1,075 2,180
Public transit 9,555 3,595 5,960
Walked 1,300 520 780
Bicycle 115 100 20
Other methods 600 310 290
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 56,350 29,320 27,030
Median commuting duration 26.0 30.1 25.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 56,345 29,320 27,030
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 11,690 7,250 4,445
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 32,940 16,110 16,830
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,720 5,960 5,765
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 41,130 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 39,740 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,390 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 41,130 ... ...
1960 or before 1,025 ... ...
1961 to 1980 7,510 ... ...
1981 to 1990 13,055 ... ...
1991 to 2000 10,065 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,610 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 5,870 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 41,130 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 15,730 ... ...
5 rooms 7,315 ... ...
6 rooms 5,470 ... ...
7 rooms 4,045 ... ...
8 or more rooms 8,570 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 41,130 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 7,900 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,330 ... ...
3 bedrooms 10,600 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,305 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 41,130 ... ...
Owner 30,265 ... ...
Renter 10,865 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 41,130 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 19,715 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 21,415 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 41,130 ... ...
1 household maintainer 24,080 ... ...
2 household maintainers 15,365 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,680 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 41,130 ... ...
Under 25 years 850 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,325 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,535 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,460 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,690 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,435 ... ...
75 years and over 2,835 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 41,130 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 38,255 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,870 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 41,130 ... ...
Suitable 34,955 ... ...
Not suitable 6,175 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 40,945 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 26,340 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,605 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,890 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,265 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 66.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 32.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,462 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,443 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,622 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 387,580 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 10,865 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,263 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,197 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 99,120 48,030 51,095
Without income 7,150 3,155 4,000
With income 91,970 44,875 47,090
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 13,035 6,135 6,900
$5,000 to $9,999 6,965 2,590 4,370
$10,000 to $14,999 8,355 3,350 5,010
$15,000 to $19,999 8,465 3,645 4,815
$20,000 to $29,999 11,405 5,065 6,340
$30,000 to $39,999 9,790 4,670 5,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,510 4,820 4,690
$50,000 to $59,999 7,410 3,940 3,465
$60,000 to $79,999 8,460 5,095 3,360
$80,000 to $99,999 4,525 2,740 1,785
$100,000 and over 4,060 2,825 1,235
$100,000 to $124,999 2,210 1,445 765
$125,000 and over 1,850 1,380 470
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,738 33,544 23,217
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,502 41,734 31,516
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 99,120 48,030 51,095
Without after-tax income 7,150 3,150 3,995
With after-tax income 91,970 44,875 47,095
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 13,120 6,160 6,955
$5,000 to $9,999 7,015 2,600 4,415
$10,000 to $14,999 8,515 3,400 5,115
$15,000 to $19,999 9,120 3,940 5,175
$20,000 to $29,999 13,095 5,900 7,195
$30,000 to $39,999 12,470 6,105 6,370
$40,000 to $49,999 10,955 5,780 5,175
$50,000 to $59,999 6,530 3,805 2,730
$60,000 to $79,999 7,160 4,430 2,730
$80,000 to $99,999 2,335 1,515 820
$100,000 and over 1,645 1,230 410
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,821 30,762 22,161
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,231 35,166 27,482
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.5 91.1 85.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 80.7 83.6 77.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 77.4 79.9 74.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.3 3.6 2.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.6 2.3 2.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.8 4.1 3.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.1 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.6 8.9 14.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.5 2.2 2.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.7 1.9 3.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.3 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.7 0.1 3.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.2 3.3 3.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.4 15.7 12.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.6 84.3 87.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.6 0.8 0.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 35,625 19,795 15,830
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 48,204 51,089 44,902
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,462 58,102 49,910
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 31,130 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,022 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,970 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,629 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,353 ... ...
Average family size 3.4 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 7,645 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,809 ... ...
Average family income ($) 74,912 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,670 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,041 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 18,015 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,061 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,168 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 77,945 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,525 ... ...
Average family size 4.2 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,215 ... ...
Median family income ($) 56,488 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,881 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 51,429 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 58,234 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 12,480 6,010 6,465
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 40,484 45,036 34,852
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,591 49,736 39,806
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 35,448 39,028 31,484
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,221 40,844 33,852
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 118,190 57,885 60,300
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 57,570 27,755 29,820
In bottom decile 12,270 5,875 6,395
In second decile 11,845 5,645 6,200
In third decile 10,875 5,225 5,655
In fourth decile 10,480 5,140 5,340
In fifth decile 12,105 5,875 6,230
In top half of the Canadian distribution 60,610 30,130 30,485
In sixth decile 12,100 5,765 6,340
In seventh decile 12,340 6,095 6,245
In eighth decile 11,890 6,015 5,880
In ninth decile 13,175 6,725 6,455
In top decile 11,105 5,535 5,570
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 41,130 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,385 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 635 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 850 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,505 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,860 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,020 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,750 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,055 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,380 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,765 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,930 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,825 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 41,130 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,390 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 650 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 880 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,550 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,105 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,945 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,995 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,195 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,020 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,555 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,860 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,005 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,855 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 41,130 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,780 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 81,620 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,659 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 69,835 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,265 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 45,006 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 49,276 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,934 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 40,893 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 31,865 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,989 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 91,023 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 69,319 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 78,250 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 118,190 57,885 60,300
Less than 18 years 23,965 12,605 11,365
Less than 6 years 7,350 3,640 3,705
18 to 64 years 81,120 39,400 41,715
65 years and over 13,105 5,880 7,225
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 18,505 8,825 9,685
Less than 18 years 4,745 2,500 2,250
Less than 6 years 1,555 765 800
18 to 64 years 12,295 5,780 6,510
65 years and over 1,470 545 920
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.7 15.2 16.1
Less than 18 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.8
Less than 6 years (%) 21.2 21.0 21.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.2 14.7 15.6
65 years and over (%) 11.2 9.3 12.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Mississauga Centre, Ontario (Code 35058) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed March 5, 2021).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Mississauga Centre, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Mississauga Centre, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga Centre
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 118,755 58,110 60,645
0 to 4 years 6,285 3,185 3,100
5 to 9 years 6,070 3,130 2,935
10 to 14 years 6,855 3,615 3,240
15 to 19 years 8,275 4,335 3,940
15 years 1,530 795 735
16 years 1,660 890 765
17 years 1,650 890 760
18 years 1,655 860 795
19 years 1,780 895 885
20 to 24 years 9,095 4,530 4,565
25 to 29 years 9,480 4,635 4,850
30 to 34 years 8,870 4,245 4,620
35 to 39 years 8,425 3,995 4,430
40 to 44 years 8,805 4,245 4,560
45 to 49 years 9,765 4,715 5,050
50 to 54 years 9,205 4,475 4,730
55 to 59 years 7,800 3,790 4,015
60 to 64 years 6,375 3,090 3,285
65 to 69 years 4,475 2,165 2,305
70 to 74 years 3,410 1,605 1,805
75 to 79 years 2,560 1,150 1,410
80 to 84 years 1,785 760 1,025
85 years and over 1,215 440 775
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.6 36.7 38.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.8 82.9 84.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 99,545 48,180 51,365
Married or living with a common-law partner 57,090 28,495 28,595
Married (and not separated) 53,355 26,605 26,745
Living common law 3,735 1,885 1,845
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 42,455 19,685 22,775
Single (never legally married) 30,805 16,325 14,480
Separated 2,545 990 1,555
Divorced 4,770 1,680 3,090
Widowed 4,345 690 3,655
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 32,930 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,695 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,515 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,160 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,560 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 32,930 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 27,615 ... ...
Married couples 25,750 ... ...
Without children at home 8,235 ... ...
With children at home 17,515 ... ...
1 child 6,685 ... ...
2 children 7,485 ... ...
3 or more children 3,340 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,865 ... ...
Without children at home 1,185 ... ...
With children at home 675 ... ...
1 child 360 ... ...
2 children 235 ... ...
3 or more children 85 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,315 ... ...
Female parent 4,405 ... ...
1 child 2,665 ... ...
2 children 1,250 ... ...
3 or more children 490 ... ...
Male parent 910 ... ...
1 child 605 ... ...
2 children 220 ... ...
3 or more children 80 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 42,025 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,455 ... ...
6 to 14 years 11,655 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,715 ... ...
18 to 24 years 10,320 ... ...
25 years and over 7,875 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 118,495 58,010 60,485
Number of persons not in census families 15,925 7,115 8,810
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,610 1,205 2,410
Living with non-relatives only 3,105 1,730 1,370
Living alone 9,215 4,180 5,035
Number of census family persons 102,565 50,900 51,670
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,255 6,070 7,185
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,875 910 2,965
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,440 250 1,185
Living with non-relatives only 220 100 125
Living alone 2,215 555 1,655
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,380 5,160 4,220
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 41,210 ... ...
Census-family households 30,645 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,875 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,180 ... ...
Without children 7,375 ... ...
With children 14,800 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,695 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,770 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,670 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,045 ... ...
Without children 465 ... ...
With children 1,585 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 620 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 2,105 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,560 ... ...
One-person households 9,215 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,350 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 41,210 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,185 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 19,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 10,070 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,720 ... ...
Row house 3,810 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,625 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,905 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 41,210 ... ...
1 person 9,215 ... ...
2 persons 10,660 ... ...
3 persons 7,675 ... ...
4 persons 7,730 ... ...
5 persons 3,470 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,465 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 118,495 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.9 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 118,715 58,090 60,625
  Single responses  112,175 54,880 57,300
    English  44,670 22,300 22,370
    French  965 430 530
    Non-official languages  66,540 32,145 34,400
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 65,940 31,845 34,100
        African languages, n.i.e 25 5 15
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  100 45 55
        Albanian  300 155 150
        Amharic  40 25 15
        Arabic  6,740 3,505 3,235
        Armenian  85 45 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Bengali  720 350 365
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  150 65 85
        Bosnian  180 90 85
        Bulgarian  125 60 60
        Burmese  20 10 10
        Cantonese  3,780 1,770 2,010
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,365 2,070 2,295
        Creoles  140 60 75
        Croatian  950 460 490
        Czech  105 55 45
        Danish  15 10 10
        Dutch  80 35 45
        Estonian  15 5 10
        Finnish  35 20 15
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  45 20 25
        German  430 195 235
        Greek  475 235 245
        Gujarati  1,465 695 770
        Hakka  25 5 15
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  2,125 1,070 1,050
        Hungarian  250 110 145
        Ilocano  110 55 55
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 100 55 45
        Italian  1,815 930 885
        Japanese  230 105 120
        Khmer (Cambodian)  25 15 10
        Korean  1,225 585 640
        Kurdish  50 30 20
        Lao  25 10 10
        Latvian  15 10 10
        Lingala  0 0 5
        Lithuanian  120 45 70
        Macedonian  225 105 115
        Malay  290 145 150
        Malayalam  485 240 245
        Maltese  175 85 85
        Mandarin  3,295 1,580 1,715
        Marathi  270 135 130
        Nepali  45 25 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 70 35 35
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,335 1,665 1,670
        Pashto  240 125 125
        Persian (Farsi)  1,230 605 630
        Polish  3,700 1,700 2,000
        Portuguese  3,390 1,580 1,810
        Romanian  335 160 170
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  665 290 375
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 175 85 85
        Serbian  590 275 310
        Serbo-Croatian  85 40 45
        Shanghainese  45 20 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  300 145 150
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  220 100 115
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Slovak  100 45 60
        Slovenian  80 35 40
        Somali  120 55 65
        Spanish  3,030 1,410 1,625
        Swahili  30 10 20
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,075 1,720 2,350
        Taiwanese  60 30 30
        Tamil  2,015 990 1,025
        Telugu  365 185 175
        Thai  25 10 15
        Tibetan languages  45 20 25
        Tigrigna  50 25 30
        Turkish  295 155 145
        Ukrainian  705 335 370
        Urdu  7,145 3,620 3,530
        Vietnamese  2,000 950 1,050
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 595 295 300
  Multiple responses          6,540 3,210 3,330
    English and French  245 140 105
    English and non-official language  5,880 2,880 3,000
    French and non-official language  220 100 120
    English, French and non-official language 190 95 100
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 118,720 58,085 60,630
  English only 105,770 52,720 53,050
  French only 95 30 65
  English and French 7,455 3,320 4,135
  Neither English nor French 5,395 2,020 3,375
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 118,715 58,090 60,630
  English 110,805 54,920 55,890
  French 1,215 535 670
  English and French 1,395 645 745
  Neither English nor French 5,305 1,985 3,320
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,910 860 1,050
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.6 1.5 1.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 118,715 58,090 60,625
  Single responses 104,215 50,980 53,235
    English 64,120 31,815 32,310
    French 500 240 255
    Non-official languages 39,595 18,930 20,670
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 39,390 18,830 20,565
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 40 15 25
        Albanian 190 95 95
        Amharic 10 5 5
        Arabic 4,090 2,055 2,040
        Armenian 40 15 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 420 210 215
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 65 30 35
        Bosnian 115 55 55
        Bulgarian 90 45 40
        Burmese 15 10 5
        Cantonese 3,075 1,420 1,650
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,035 1,430 1,600
        Creoles 85 35 50
        Croatian 440 210 230
        Czech 35 25 15
        Danish 0 5 0
        Dutch 15 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 10 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 15 5 10
        German 45 20 25
        Greek 175 85 90
        Gujarati 755 350 400
        Hakka 5 5 5
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 1,000 495 505
        Hungarian 110 55 65
        Ilocano 50 20 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Italian 530 245 285
        Japanese 135 65 70
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5
        Korean 955 450 505
        Kurdish 30 15 10
        Lao 5 5 0
        Latvian 5 0 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 75 30 45
        Macedonian 130 65 70
        Malay 130 65 70
        Malayalam 205 95 110
        Maltese 40 20 20
        Mandarin 2,805 1,380 1,425
        Marathi 140 70 75
        Nepali 30 20 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,000 965 1,030
        Pashto 125 60 65
        Persian (Farsi) 805 385 420
        Polish 2,175 990 1,180
        Portuguese 1,540 715 820
        Romanian 175 85 90
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 5
        Russian 460 220 245
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60
        Serbian 360 170 195
        Serbo-Croatian 45 20 25
        Shanghainese 15 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 120 60 60
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 45
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 25 10 15
        Slovenian 15 10 10
        Somali 65 30 45
        Spanish 1,990 915 1,070
        Swahili 5 0 5
        Swedish 5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,060 915 1,140
        Taiwanese 30 15 20
        Tamil 1,340 630 715
        Telugu 230 115 110
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 35 10 20
        Tigrigna 20 10 10
        Turkish 185 100 85
        Ukrainian 305 150 155
        Urdu 4,385 2,200 2,180
        Vietnamese 1,425 660 760
        Yiddish 0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 200 95 105
  Multiple responses         14,500 7,105 7,395
    English and French 215 90 130
    English and non-official language 13,960 6,865 7,095
    French and non-official language 90 45 45
    English, French and non-official language 230 105 130
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 118,715 58,090 60,630
  None 80,365 39,235 41,130
  Single responses  37,575 18,490 19,085
    English  17,165 8,555 8,615
    French  725 335 390
    Non-official languages  19,685 9,600 10,080
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,410 9,470 9,945
        African languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Afrikaans  15 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  45 20 25
        Albanian  65 40 30
        Amharic  20 15 10
        Arabic  1,940 1,055 885
        Armenian  15 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Bengali  195 90 105
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  45 15 25
        Bosnian  40 20 20
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  5 5 5
        Cantonese  780 375 405
        Chinese, n.o.s.  775 365 400
        Creoles  110 55 60
        Croatian  345 170 175
        Czech  30 10 20
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  35 15 25
        Estonian  10 0 5
        Finnish  10 5 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  20 5 15
        German  200 85 125
        Greek  305 145 165
        Gujarati  520 245 275
        Hakka  10 0 5
        Hebrew  10 5 0
        Hindi  1,445 740 705
        Hungarian  70 35 35
        Ilocano  40 20 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 45 30 20
        Italian  665 330 335
        Japanese  80 40 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  190 100 90
        Kurdish  20 10 10
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  10 0 5
        Lingala  15 5 15
        Lithuanian  25 10 10
        Macedonian  65 30 35
        Malay  100 45 65
        Malayalam  205 105 105
        Maltese  80 35 45
        Mandarin  490 230 265
        Marathi  90 45 45
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,055 545 505
        Pashto  50 25 25
        Persian (Farsi)  255 125 130
        Polish  930 430 495
        Portuguese  1,380 650 740
        Romanian  95 45 45
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  130 50 85
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Serbian  160 75 90
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 5
        Shanghainese  15 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Sindhi  90 40 50
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  120 50 70
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Slovak  30 15 20
        Slovenian  30 10 15
        Somali  50 30 20
        Spanish  800 400 400
        Swahili  35 15 15
        Swedish  0 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,325 540 785
        Taiwanese  15 10 10
        Tamil  600 310 290
        Telugu  85 40 40
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 5
        Tigrigna  30 15 15
        Turkish  65 40 25
        Ukrainian  240 115 125
        Urdu  2,025 1,040 990
        Vietnamese  420 210 215
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 270 135 140
  Multiple responses          770 365 405
    English and French  105 40 65
    English and non-official language  395 200 195
    French and non-official language  265 125 145
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Mississauga Centre, Ontario (Code 35058) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed March 5, 2021).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Mississauga Centre (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Mississauga Centre, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Mississauga Centre (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census