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NHS Profile, Nepean, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Nepean, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nepean
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 103,515 50,780 52,735
Canadian citizens 98,745 48,730 50,010
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,190 12,725 12,460
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,555 36,000 37,550
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 4,770 2,050 2,720
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 103,510 50,780 52,735
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 76,430 37,855 38,575
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 26,415 12,655 13,765
Before 1971 3,600 1,795 1,805
1971 to 1980 2,830 1,420 1,405
1981 to 1990 4,535 2,185 2,350
1991 to 2000 8,405 4,065 4,345
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,040 3,185 3,855
2001 to 2005 3,940 1,805 2,140
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,100 1,385 1,715
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 670 270 390
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 26,415 12,655 13,760
Under 5 years 2,930 1,425 1,505
5 to 14 years 4,970 2,720 2,250
15 to 24 years 5,400 2,315 3,085
25 to 44 years 11,245 5,320 5,920
45 years and over 1,870 875 995
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 103,515 50,780 52,730
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 76,430 37,850 38,575
Born in province of residence 59,425 29,410 30,015
Born outside province of residence 17,005 8,445 8,565
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 26,415 12,655 13,765
Americas 3,250 1,415 1,835
United States 975 415 560
Jamaica 455 190 260
Guyana 200 75 120
Haiti 245 105 135
Mexico 135 70 60
Trinidad and Tobago 180 65 110
Colombia 105 40 65
El Salvador 230 115 115
Peru 85 40 50
Chile 35 0 20
Other places of birth in Americas 610 285 320
Europe 6,575 3,160 3,415
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,755 885 870
Italy 660 350 310
Germany 435 150 285
Poland 530 245 285
Portugal 165 60 105
Netherlands 220 110 105
France 125 45 75
Romania 260 120 140
Russian Federation 495 225 265
Greece 115 55 60
Ukraine 200 100 100
Croatia 140 65 75
Hungary 90 40 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 120 110
Serbia 155 65 90
Ireland, Republic of 100 60 40
Other places of birth in Europe 920 460 460
Africa 2,300 1,140 1,155
Morocco 55 25 30
Algeria 125 65 60
Egypt 385 195 190
South Africa, Republic of 95 50 45
Nigeria 145 85 65
Ethiopia 130 50 80
Kenya 235 115 120
Other places of birth in Africa 1,125 555 570
Asia 14,255 6,930 7,325
India 2,240 1,145 1,090
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,130 1,425 1,710
Philippines 1,095 440 660
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 580 300 275
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,130 510 625
Pakistan 640 310 325
Sri Lanka 955 495 460
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 370 200 165
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 235 95 135
Lebanon 700 400 300
Taiwan 145 60 85
Iraq 165 85 80
Bangladesh 385 195 190
Afghanistan 240 130 105
Japan 75 20 55
Turkey 115 55 60
Other places of birth in Asia 2,065 1,065 995
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 40 0 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 45 0 30
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 670 270 390
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,100 1,380 1,720
Americas 505 240 255
United States 235 105 125
Mexico 30 15 0
Cuba 20 0 0
Haiti 60 30 30
Jamaica 25 20 0
Brazil 45 20 25
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 70 30 35
Europe 310 165 145
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 20 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 70 40 35
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 75 40 35
Other places of birth in Europe 120 65 55
Africa 335 170 160
Nigeria 45 20 20
Ethiopia 20 0 0
Mauritius 15 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 60 25 40
Morocco 20 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 145 75 65
Asia 1,955 800 1,150
Philippines 305 105 195
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 385 145 235
India 310 160 145
Pakistan 85 35 45
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 75 20 60
Sri Lanka 105 50 55
Iraq 20 0 10
Bangladesh 20 0 10
Lebanon 30 0 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 85 20 60
Taiwan 35 0 30
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 115 55 60
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 15 0 0
United Arab Emirates 85 50 35
Saudi Arabia 20 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 40 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 205 70 135
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 103,510 50,780 52,730
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 27,560 13,170 14,385
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 23,530 11,755 11,775
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 52,425 25,850 26,575
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 103,510 50,780 52,730
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 28,750 13,995 14,760
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 7,400 3,705 3,695
Chinese 6,700 3,260 3,435
Black 4,415 2,220 2,195
Filipino 1,585 595 990
Latin American 955 455 505
Arab 3,270 1,680 1,585
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,430 1,115 1,315
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 555 290 270
Korean 280 120 160
Japanese 240 105 135
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 200 110 90
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 720 330 390
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 74,760 36,790 37,970
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 103,510 50,780 52,735
North American Aboriginal origins 3,850 1,805 2,050
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,150 1,530 1,615
Inuit 95 40 60
Métis 730 290 440
Other North American origins 26,575 13,275 13,300
Acadian 240 100 140
American 1,325 585 740
Canadian 25,505 12,770 12,735
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 115 40 70
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 70 40 30
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 67,495 32,965 34,530
British Isles origins 45,925 22,555 23,370
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 22,765 11,300 11,465
Irish 23,855 11,355 12,500
Manx 15 10 0
Scottish 19,255 9,200 10,055
Welsh 1,775 835 940
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,795 1,805 1,995
French origins 17,410 8,270 9,140
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 17,410 8,270 9,140
Western European origins (except French origins) 12,745 5,860 6,885
Austrian 765 335 435
Belgian 450 270 180
Dutch 3,295 1,555 1,735
Flemish 55 35 20
Frisian 25 0 15
German 8,605 3,865 4,740
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 415 145 275
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,375 1,150 1,225
Danish 520 295 230
Finnish 385 170 205
Icelandic 115 45 70
Norwegian 740 385 360
Swedish 800 360 440
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 70 35 35
Eastern European origins 9,555 4,795 4,760
Bulgarian 130 50 80
Byelorussian 110 35 75
Czech 540 270 275
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 145 80 60
Estonian 55 15 40
Hungarian 1,015 610 405
Latvian 165 55 110
Lithuanian 345 195 150
Moldovan 25 0 0
Polish 3,695 1,795 1,895
Romanian 560 270 290
Russian 1,915 935 980
Slovak 365 180 180
Ukrainian 2,400 1,240 1,160
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 75 35 35
Southern European origins 11,110 5,505 5,610
Albanian 115 60 50
Bosnian 175 80 95
Croatian 335 150 185
Cypriot 15 0 0
Greek 1,255 665 595
Italian 6,600 3,355 3,245
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 15 0 0
Maltese 175 75 100
Montenegrin 25 25 0
Portuguese 990 400 585
Serbian 455 200 250
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 115 60 60
Spanish 1,550 715 830
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 190 125 65
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,090 1,065 1,030
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 1,960 1,000 965
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 130 65 75
Caribbean origins 2,435 1,175 1,260
Antiguan 20 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 170 80 85
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 15 0 15
Cuban 120 50 65
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 65 25 40
Haitian 365 165 200
Jamaican 1,090 550 540
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 20 20 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 50 25 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 245 105 145
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 240 135 110
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 175 70 110
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,870 860 1,010
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 55 20 30
Argentinian 40 0 30
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 110 55 55
Chilean 25 0 20
Colombian 200 95 105
Costa Rican 65 25 40
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 35 20 20
Guyanese 280 135 140
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 230 115 115
Nicaraguan 180 85 95
Panamanian 15 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 95 60 35
Salvadorean 420 200 215
Uruguayan 10 0 0
Venezuelan 50 20 30
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 130 45 85
African origins 4,020 1,995 2,020
Central and West African origins 755 355 395
Akan 40 15 20
Angolan 70 20 50
Ashanti 20 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 90 45 45
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 220 85 135
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 250 140 115
Peulh 40 30 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 70 35 35
North African origins 1,065 520 545
Algerian 110 55 60
Berber 60 40 20
Coptic 15 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 685 325 360
Libyan 55 35 20
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 105 55 55
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 35 0 25
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 0 0
Southern and East African origins 1,465 780 685
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 35 0 25
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 60 0 35
Ethiopian 130 70 55
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 185 85 100
Malagasy 15 0 0
Mauritian 30 15 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 45 20 25
Seychellois 15 0 0
Somali 710 405 300
South African 140 80 60
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 25 0 0
Zambian 20 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 80 45 45
Other African origins 835 400 435
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 75 25 45
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 765 370 385
Asian origins 24,490 11,920 12,570
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 5,460 2,820 2,640
Afghan 155 80 70
Arab, n.o.s. 870 540 330
Armenian 185 90 100
Assyrian 35 25 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 730 300 425
Iraqi 170 75 90
Israeli 20 0 10
Jordanian 100 60 40
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 80 35 40
Kuwaiti 20 10 10
Lebanese 1,910 1,040 870
Palestinian 575 295 280
Pashtun 150 55 85
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 400 180 220
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 205 95 115
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 80 35 45
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 65 35 30
South Asian origins 7,560 3,795 3,760
Bangladeshi 375 195 180
Bengali 105 60 50
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 5,040 2,485 2,560
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 200 105 95
Pakistani 780 410 370
Punjabi 265 115 150
Sinhalese 85 40 40
Sri Lankan 960 510 455
Tamil 380 210 170
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 330 170 165
East and Southeast Asian origins 11,680 5,375 6,305
Burmese 80 40 40
Cambodian (Khmer) 300 125 170
Chinese 7,350 3,535 3,815
Filipino 1,655 640 1,015
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 70 35 30
Japanese 325 150 175
Korean 340 145 195
Laotian 130 80 50
Malaysian 40 0 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 15 0 0
Taiwanese 95 25 65
Thai 50 20 30
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,945 865 1,080
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 60 40 20
Other Asian origins 100 50 55
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 100 45 55
Oceania origins 105 60 45
Australian 75 40 30
New Zealander 25 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 103,515 50,780 52,730
Buddhist 1,885 840 1,045
Christian 66,245 31,200 35,050
Anglican 6,115 2,875 3,245
Baptist 1,340 610 725
Catholic 37,615 17,975 19,640
Christian Orthodox 2,505 1,140 1,360
Lutheran 1,150 490 660
Pentecostal 1,475 655 820
Presbyterian 1,850 870 975
United Church 6,725 3,050 3,675
Other Christian 7,470 3,535 3,935
Hindu 2,980 1,495 1,485
Jewish 1,920 1,000 925
Muslim 6,480 3,475 3,005
Sikh 1,080 540 540
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 40 0 0
Other religions 400 200 195
No religious affiliation 22,480 12,015 10,465
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 103,510 50,780 52,735
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,050 1,020 1,030
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,330 685 645
Métis single identity 595 280 315
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 45 20 35
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 15 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 60 40 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 101,460 49,755 51,705
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 103,510 50,780 52,730
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 755 415 335
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 102,760 50,360 52,395
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 103,510 50,780 52,735
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,850 1,805 2,045
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,150 1,525 1,620
Métis ancestry 730 290 440
Inuit ancestry 95 40 55
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 99,665 48,975 50,685
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 32,935 15,630 17,305
Aboriginal languages 110 55 50
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 75 35 40
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,840 15,585 17,255
Italian 2,485 1,065 1,420
Portuguese 460 190 270
Romanian 295 140 150
Spanish 2,640 1,160 1,480
Dutch 240 100 135
Flemish 0 0 0
German 930 465 470
Yiddish 70 40 30
Danish 60 30 30
Norwegian 55 35 25
Swedish 50 30 15
Afrikaans 60 30 30
Gaelic languages 60 30 30
Bosnian 105 40 70
Bulgarian 85 40 50
Croatian 265 110 160
Czech 225 95 130
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 805 400 410
Russian 1,180 585 590
Serbian 480 215 265
Serbo-Croatian 70 40 30
Slovak 130 55 75
Slovenian 45 40 0
Ukrainian 195 95 100
Latvian 55 0 40
Lithuanian 100 80 0
Greek 595 290 305
Armenian 40 0 20
Albanian 65 45 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 40 0 30
Hungarian 300 150 150
Turkish 200 75 120
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 50 35 0
Somali 610 335 275
Amharic 140 60 85
Arabic 3,665 1,985 1,680
Hebrew 405 250 150
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 35 0 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 645 315 325
Gujarati 395 200 200
Hindi 2,010 1,000 1,015
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 55 20 30
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,445 695 750
Sindhi 70 30 45
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 280 140 145
Urdu 920 480 440
Nepali 175 100 75
Kurdish 165 40 120
Pashto 140 55 80
Persian (Farsi) 795 415 380
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50
Kannada 40 20 20
Malayalam 190 90 100
Tamil 1,145 580 565
Telugu 110 60 55
Japanese 185 65 120
Korean 270 130 140
Cantonese 1,370 705 665
Fukien 15 0 10
Hakka 15 0 20
Mandarin 2,125 1,025 1,095
Taiwanese 40 0 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,505 1,155 1,350
Lao 75 35 45
Thai 30 15 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 215 75 140
Vietnamese 1,645 710 940
Bisayan languages 50 0 40
Ilocano 25 0 20
Malay 75 30 40
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,220 420 800
Akan (Twi) 175 75 105
Lingala 20 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 0 0
Swahili 235 105 125
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 110 75
African languages, n.i.e. 55 35 0
Creoles 430 190 240
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 520 265 255
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 102,210 50,145 52,065
Non-movers 89,655 43,950 45,710
Movers 12,550 6,205 6,355
Non-migrants 9,575 4,755 4,820
Migrants 2,975 1,440 1,530
Internal migrants 2,295 1,130 1,165
Intraprovincial migrants 1,255 635 620
Interprovincial migrants 1,045 495 545
External migrants 685 320 365
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 96,445 47,265 49,180
Non-movers 56,990 28,015 28,970
Movers 39,460 19,250 20,205
Non-migrants 28,305 13,995 14,310
Migrants 11,155 5,260 5,895
Internal migrants 8,105 3,830 4,280
Intraprovincial migrants 4,440 2,135 2,305
Interprovincial migrants 3,665 1,695 1,965
External migrants 3,045 1,425 1,620
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 82,015 39,895 42,115
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,405 4,750 4,655
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,810 8,865 9,945
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 53,805 26,285 27,520
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,150 2,450 1,695
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 17,810 7,930 9,880
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,600 1,585 2,015
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 28,245 14,320 13,925
Bachelor's degree 17,875 8,675 9,205
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,370 5,645 4,720
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 58,830 28,095 30,735
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,750 1,440 1,310
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,630 4,890 5,740
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 45,450 21,765 23,685
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,120 1,820 1,295
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,025 6,560 8,460
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,765 1,225 1,540
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 24,545 12,165 12,380
Bachelor's degree 15,525 7,430 8,090
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,020 4,735 4,290
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 82,015 39,900 42,120
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 28,210 13,615 14,600
Education 3,185 790 2,395
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,640 775 865
Humanities 3,260 1,240 2,020
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,845 3,010 4,835
Business, management and public administration 11,375 4,770 6,605
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,060 1,580 1,485
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 4,445 2,905 1,540
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,755 8,435 1,325
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 685 410 270
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,305 1,220 5,085
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,235 1,145 1,090
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 82,020 39,900 42,120
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 28,215 13,615 14,600
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 53,805 26,285 27,520
Location of study inside Canada 44,320 21,650 22,675
Same as province or territory of residence 36,680 17,585 19,095
Another province or territory 7,640 4,065 3,580
Location of study outside Canada 9,480 4,640 4,840
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 63,665 32,180 31,485
Single responses 61,965 31,395 30,570
English 60,450 30,840 29,610
French 1,030 325 705
Non-official languages 495 235 265
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 45 50
Cantonese 55 35 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 10 0 0
Mandarin 55 25 30
Spanish 40 0 25
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 215 110 105
Multiple responses 1,700 780 915
English and French 1,380 645 735
English and non-official language 235 95 145
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 75 30 45
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 63,665 32,175 31,490
English 60,445 30,835 29,610
French 1,030 325 700
Non-official language 495 230 260
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 490 230 265
English and French 1,380 650 730
English and non-official language 235 95 140
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 75 30 45
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 82,015 39,900 42,115
In the labour force 59,930 30,330 29,600
Employed 56,230 28,530 27,700
Unemployed 3,700 1,795 1,900
Not in the labour force 22,085 9,570 12,520
Participation rate 73.1 76.0 70.3
Employment rate 68.6 71.5 65.8
Unemployment rate 6.2 5.9 6.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 59,930 30,330 29,600
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 980 380 600
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,950 29,950 29,000
Employee 53,955 26,945 27,010
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,995 3,010 1,990
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 59,930 30,330 29,600
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 980 380 595
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,945 29,950 29,000
0 Management occupations 7,175 4,435 2,740
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 11,670 3,800 7,875
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 9,170 6,950 2,225
3 Health occupations 3,625 710 2,915
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,455 2,905 5,550
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,690 855 835
6 Sales and service occupations 12,030 5,720 6,310
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,940 3,690 250
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 470 385 85
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 725 505 230
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 59,925 30,330 29,600
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 980 385 600
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,950 29,945 29,000
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 190 130 55
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 35 25 0
22 Utilities 150 110 40
23 Construction 2,250 1,965 285
31-33 Manufacturing 2,500 1,880 620
41 Wholesale trade 1,850 1,265 590
44-45 Retail trade 6,505 3,170 3,335
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,825 1,385 440
51 Information and cultural industries 1,545 935 610
52 Finance and insurance 2,200 880 1,320
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 920 585 340
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,210 3,795 2,415
55 Management of companies and enterprises 35 25 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,030 1,065 965
61 Educational services 4,220 1,275 2,945
62 Health care and social assistance 6,250 1,110 5,140
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 820 515 300
72 Accommodation and food services 3,320 1,640 1,675
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,560 1,165 1,400
91 Public administration 13,530 7,045 6,490
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 59,925 30,330 29,595
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,240 885 1,355
Worked in 2010 57,690 29,445 28,245
1 to 13 weeks 2,455 1,055 1,400
14 to 26 weeks 4,345 1,885 2,455
27 to 39 weeks 2,605 1,250 1,355
40 to 48 weeks 6,955 3,385 3,570
49 to 52 weeks 41,325 21,860 19,465
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.8 46.6 45.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 59,930 30,330 29,600
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,240 890 1,355
Worked in 2010 57,690 29,445 28,245
Worked full-time in 2010 47,185 25,505 21,680
Worked part-time in 2010 10,505 3,940 6,565
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 56,230 28,535 27,700
Worked at home 3,195 1,425 1,770
Worked outside Canada 225 160 60
No fixed workplace address 4,380 3,030 1,350
Worked at usual place 48,435 23,920 24,520
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 52,820 26,945 25,865
Car, truck or van - as a driver 36,625 19,910 16,715
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,565 1,100 2,465
Public transit 10,505 4,910 5,595
Walked 1,190 525 660
Bicycle 390 275 110
Other methods 535 220 315
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 52,815 26,950 25,865
Median commuting duration 25.8 25.8 25.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 52,820 26,950 25,870
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 11,700 6,910 4,790
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 32,875 15,795 17,080
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,240 4,245 3,995
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 36,065 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 35,005 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,065 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 36,070 ... ...
1960 or before 1,685 ... ...
1961 to 1980 9,835 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,760 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,690 ... ...
2001 to 2005 5,875 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 6,225 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 36,065 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,595 ... ...
5 rooms 3,790 ... ...
6 rooms 6,665 ... ...
7 rooms 7,190 ... ...
8 or more rooms 15,825 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 36,070 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 635 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,790 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,930 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,705 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 36,070 ... ...
Owner 31,630 ... ...
Renter 4,435 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 36,070 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,040 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 31,030 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 36,065 ... ...
1 household maintainer 17,495 ... ...
2 household maintainers 17,610 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 965 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 36,065 ... ...
Under 25 years 570 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,350 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,770 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,560 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,395 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,345 ... ...
75 years and over 2,070 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 36,065 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 35,605 ... ...
More than one person per room 465 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 36,065 ... ...
Suitable 34,510 ... ...
Not suitable 1,550 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 36,020 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 29,620 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 6,400 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 5,420 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 31,605 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 67.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 15.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,402 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,396 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 340,617 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 362,046 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,435 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 35.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,300 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,271 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 82,015 39,900 42,120
Without income 4,045 1,715 2,330
With income 77,970 38,185 39,785
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,545 3,465 4,080
$5,000 to $9,999 4,800 2,100 2,695
$10,000 to $14,999 5,015 1,895 3,120
$15,000 to $19,999 4,555 1,600 2,955
$20,000 to $29,999 7,275 2,880 4,395
$30,000 to $39,999 7,175 2,830 4,345
$40,000 to $49,999 7,515 3,380 4,140
$50,000 to $59,999 7,450 3,745 3,710
$60,000 to $79,999 11,405 6,215 5,195
$80,000 to $99,999 7,475 4,205 3,270
$100,000 and over 7,755 5,875 1,880
$100,000 to $124,999 4,315 3,125 1,185
$125,000 and over 3,440 2,745 690
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 43,517 52,234 35,990
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 50,403 59,322 41,844
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 82,020 39,900 42,120
Without after-tax income 4,045 1,715 2,330
With after-tax income 77,970 38,185 39,790
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,740 3,495 4,245
$5,000 to $9,999 5,025 2,105 2,920
$10,000 to $14,999 5,040 1,945 3,095
$15,000 to $19,999 5,010 1,760 3,250
$20,000 to $29,999 8,640 3,360 5,275
$30,000 to $39,999 9,250 4,035 5,220
$40,000 to $49,999 10,110 4,860 5,255
$50,000 to $59,999 8,010 4,330 3,680
$60,000 to $79,999 11,870 6,740 5,130
$80,000 to $99,999 4,340 3,170 1,170
$100,000 and over 2,935 2,380 545
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 38,308 44,932 32,139
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 41,528 48,019 35,298
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 92.7 94.8 90.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 80.5 81.8 78.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 76.8 78.0 75.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.7 3.8 3.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.1 3.1 3.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.7 8.6 6.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.3 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 7.2 5.2 10.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.1 1.9 2.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.4 1.0 1.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.0 0.5 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.6 1.7 1.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.6 19.1 15.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.4 80.9 84.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.8 1.1 0.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 37,140 20,430 16,710
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 60,486 67,787 53,862
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 67,265 75,148 57,629
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 29,390 ... ...
Median family income ($) 106,205 ... ...
Average family income ($) 118,118 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 89,781 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 97,348 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,680 ... ...
Median family income ($) 97,683 ... ...
Average family income ($) 108,549 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 82,559 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,073 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 16,170 ... ...
Median family income ($) 124,907 ... ...
Average family income ($) 135,145 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 104,834 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 110,712 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,710 ... ...
Median family income ($) 66,431 ... ...
Average family income ($) 70,572 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,371 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,288 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 8,805 4,115 4,685
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 48,058 51,522 45,221
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 52,069 56,212 48,437
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 41,378 43,330 39,043
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 42,794 45,369 40,536
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 103,510 50,780 52,730
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 29,480 13,990 15,485
In bottom decile 4,635 2,290 2,345
In second decile 4,810 2,220 2,585
In third decile 5,460 2,535 2,925
In fourth decile 6,585 3,195 3,390
In fifth decile 7,990 3,755 4,245
In top half of the Canadian distribution 74,035 36,790 37,245
In sixth decile 10,090 4,730 5,355
In seventh decile 11,910 5,905 6,005
In eighth decile 15,960 7,920 8,035
In ninth decile 18,245 9,090 9,150
In top decile 17,835 9,135 8,695
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 36,065 ... ...
Under $5,000 450 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 265 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 400 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 490 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,060 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,510 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,315 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,215 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,295 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,295 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,990 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,775 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 36,065 ... ...
Under $5,000 460 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 280 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 400 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 505 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,205 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,085 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,850 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,895 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,775 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,895 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,715 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,350 ... ...
$125,000 and over 7,365 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 36,065 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 96,144 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 108,967 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 81,723 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 89,778 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 5,805 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 55,347 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 59,592 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 45,991 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 48,363 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 30,260 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 106,653 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 118,443 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 89,999 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 97,726 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 103,515 50,780 52,735
Less than 18 years 26,035 13,175 12,860
Less than 6 years 8,430 4,250 4,180
18 to 64 years 68,280 33,200 35,085
65 years and over 9,195 4,405 4,790
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 6,660 3,160 3,500
Less than 18 years 2,335 1,250 1,085
Less than 6 years 750 370 380
18 to 64 years 4,030 1,835 2,195
65 years and over 295 75 225
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 6.4 6.2 6.6
Less than 18 years (%) 9.0 9.5 8.4
Less than 6 years (%) 8.9 8.7 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 5.9 5.5 6.3
65 years and over (%) 3.2 1.7 4.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Nepean, Ontario (Code 35064) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 19, 2021).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Nepean, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Nepean, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Nepean
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 104,755 51,080 53,680
0 to 4 years 7,090 3,570 3,525
5 to 9 years 7,240 3,660 3,575
10 to 14 years 7,165 3,690 3,475
15 to 19 years 7,435 3,875 3,565
15 years 1,520 805 720
16 years 1,520 765 755
17 years 1,490 785 705
18 years 1,450 745 710
19 years 1,455 780 675
20 to 24 years 6,525 3,395 3,135
25 to 29 years 6,425 3,180 3,250
30 to 34 years 7,045 3,225 3,820
35 to 39 years 8,345 3,885 4,455
40 to 44 years 8,675 4,215 4,460
45 to 49 years 9,130 4,450 4,680
50 to 54 years 7,860 3,845 4,020
55 to 59 years 6,180 2,910 3,265
60 to 64 years 5,220 2,520 2,710
65 to 69 years 3,560 1,690 1,870
70 to 74 years 2,565 1,235 1,325
75 to 79 years 1,825 870 955
80 to 84 years 1,230 500 730
85 years and over 1,230 360 860
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.1 36.3 37.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 79.5 78.6 80.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 83,255 40,155 43,100
Married or living with a common-law partner 52,220 25,985 26,230
Married (and not separated) 46,325 23,050 23,275
Living common law 5,890 2,940 2,955
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 31,040 14,165 16,870
Single (never legally married) 21,850 11,505 10,345
Separated 2,115 805 1,310
Divorced 3,965 1,305 2,660
Widowed 3,110 555 2,555
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 29,915 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 11,920 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,190 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,830 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,970 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 29,915 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 25,665 ... ...
Married couples 22,720 ... ...
Without children at home 7,795 ... ...
With children at home 14,925 ... ...
1 child 5,220 ... ...
2 children 7,025 ... ...
3 or more children 2,680 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,945 ... ...
Without children at home 1,770 ... ...
With children at home 1,175 ... ...
1 child 585 ... ...
2 children 420 ... ...
3 or more children 170 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,250 ... ...
Female parent 3,350 ... ...
1 child 1,835 ... ...
2 children 1,080 ... ...
3 or more children 435 ... ...
Male parent 900 ... ...
1 child 525 ... ...
2 children 310 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 36,930 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,460 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,970 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,445 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,640 ... ...
25 years and over 3,420 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 103,495 50,730 52,765
Number of persons not in census families 10,990 4,875 6,110
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,185 825 1,360
Living with non-relatives only 2,980 1,660 1,320
Living alone 5,825 2,395 3,430
Number of census family persons 92,505 45,855 46,655
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 9,315 4,405 4,910
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 2,275 510 1,760
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 730 130 600
Living with non-relatives only 125 45 80
Living alone 1,420 340 1,080
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,040 3,890 3,150
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 36,080 ... ...
Census-family households 29,055 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 26,270 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,975 ... ...
Without children 8,470 ... ...
With children 14,510 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,290 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,785 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,950 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,400 ... ...
Without children 390 ... ...
With children 1,010 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 550 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 835 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,020 ... ...
One-person households 5,820 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,200 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 36,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 19,030 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 415 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 235 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 16,400 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,685 ... ...
Row house 12,495 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 45 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,175 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 36,075 ... ...
1 person 5,825 ... ...
2 persons 11,100 ... ...
3 persons 7,215 ... ...
4 persons 7,815 ... ...
5 persons 2,795 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,335 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 103,495 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.9 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,725 50,800 52,930
  Single responses  100,590 49,330 51,260
    English  69,680 34,735 34,945
    French  6,360 2,880 3,485
    Non-official languages  24,545 11,715 12,835
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 15 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 10 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 24,285 11,585 12,705
        African languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Afrikaans  10 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  70 35 30
        Albanian  55 35 20
        Amharic  155 80 85
        Arabic  2,575 1,325 1,255
        Armenian  35 20 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Bengali  420 205 215
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  30 10 25
        Bosnian  90 45 45
        Bulgarian  75 35 45
        Burmese  15 5 5
        Cantonese  1,210 580 630
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,460 1,175 1,285
        Creoles  150 65 85
        Croatian  150 70 80
        Czech  120 50 65
        Danish  25 10 15
        Dutch  225 105 115
        Estonian  15 10 10
        Finnish  25 10 20
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  10 0 5
        German  570 250 325
        Greek  405 210 200
        Gujarati  310 160 150
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  50 30 15
        Hindi  515 255 265
        Hungarian  225 115 110
        Ilocano  45 20 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Italian  1,380 710 675
        Japanese  90 25 70
        Khmer (Cambodian)  200 85 115
        Korean  280 115 160
        Kurdish  75 35 40
        Lao  65 30 40
        Latvian  15 0 10
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  35 15 15
        Macedonian  0 0 5
        Malay  25 10 15
        Malayalam  115 55 60
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  1,390 685 705
        Marathi  60 30 30
        Nepali  115 60 55
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 80 40 40
        Norwegian  15 5 10
        Oromo  30 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  935 460 475
        Pashto  55 25 25
        Persian (Farsi)  535 270 265
        Polish  730 330 405
        Portuguese  315 140 170
        Romanian  310 145 165
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  880 405 475
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Serbian  305 145 165
        Serbo-Croatian  75 35 40
        Shanghainese  15 10 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 0
        Sindhi  60 30 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  215 100 110
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  85 35 50
        Slovenian  20 5 15
        Somali  355 150 210
        Spanish  1,200 575 625
        Swahili  70 30 45
        Swedish  20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  785 265 525
        Taiwanese  20 10 5
        Tamil  650 320 325
        Telugu  90 45 45
        Thai  40 10 25
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  65 35 30
        Turkish  150 75 75
        Ukrainian  120 45 70
        Urdu  695 355 345
        Vietnamese  1,205 565 640
        Yiddish  40 20 20
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 225 120 105
  Multiple responses          3,135 1,470 1,665
    English and French  990 440 550
    English and non-official language  1,750 845 905
    French and non-official language  225 115 115
    English, French and non-official language 170 75 95
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,725 50,795 52,930
  English only 72,140 36,515 35,625
  French only 425 175 250
  English and French 29,645 13,545 16,105
  Neither English nor French 1,515 570 950
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,725 50,800 52,930
  English 93,415 46,205 47,205
  French 6,800 3,085 3,715
  English and French 2,015 945 1,070
  Neither English nor French 1,490 555 935
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 7,810 3,560 4,250
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 7.5 7.0 8.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,725 50,800 52,930
  Single responses 98,195 48,160 50,040
    English 82,630 40,805 41,825
    French 2,890 1,270 1,620
    Non-official languages 12,675 6,085 6,595
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,595 6,040 6,555
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 5 5 0
        Akan (Twi) 25 15 15
        Albanian 15 10 5
        Amharic 85 40 45
        Arabic 1,325 660 665
        Armenian 25 10 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 275 135 140
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 15 5 10
        Bosnian 45 25 15
        Bulgarian 50 25 20
        Burmese 0 0 5
        Cantonese 780 375 400
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,630 765 860
        Creoles 70 35 40
        Croatian 65 35 35
        Czech 45 25 20
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 0 5 0
        Estonian 5 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 5
        German 65 25 40
        Greek 125 60 60
        Gujarati 150 65 80
        Hakka 5 0 5
        Hebrew 15 5 5
        Hindi 245 115 130
        Hungarian 75 35 40
        Ilocano 20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Italian 260 130 135
        Japanese 25 5 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 95 40 50
        Korean 190 90 105
        Kurdish 40 15 20
        Lao 45 20 25
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 15 10 5
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 5 0 5
        Malayalam 55 30 25
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 1,105 550 555
        Marathi 40 20 20
        Nepali 75 40 35
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 605 280 325
        Pashto 50 20 25
        Persian (Farsi) 295 145 150
        Polish 285 140 145
        Portuguese 110 50 55
        Romanian 155 75 75
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 560 270 285
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Serbian 220 105 120
        Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20
        Shanghainese 10 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Sindhi 5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 50
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 25 10 15
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 175 65 110
        Spanish 660 330 335
        Swahili 20 10 10
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 305 130 175
        Taiwanese 10 5 5
        Tamil 440 210 230
        Telugu 25 10 15
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 5
        Tigrigna 35 20 20
        Turkish 70 40 35
        Ukrainian 40 15 25
        Urdu 370 180 185
        Vietnamese 800 375 420
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 70 35 35
  Multiple responses         5,530 2,640 2,890
    English and French 775 335 435
    English and non-official language 4,300 2,100 2,200
    French and non-official language 140 65 80
    English, French and non-official language 320 145 175
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,725 50,800 52,925
  None 81,665 40,465 41,205
  Single responses  21,255 9,965 11,285
    English  7,820 3,765 4,055
    French  5,080 2,255 2,830
    Non-official languages  8,355 3,950 4,405
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,205 3,885 4,320
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  45 20 25
        Albanian  20 15 5
        Amharic  50 20 30
        Arabic  965 490 475
        Armenian  0 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 35 15 15
        Bengali  100 45 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  30 15 15
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  290 140 155
        Chinese, n.o.s.  525 255 275
        Creoles  145 65 80
        Croatian  65 30 35
        Czech  25 10 20
        Danish  10 10 5
        Dutch  70 35 40
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  210 100 110
        Greek  245 115 125
        Gujarati  115 65 50
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  70 45 25
        Hindi  325 155 170
        Hungarian  65 25 40
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Italian  745 360 385
        Japanese  55 30 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  75 40 35
        Korean  85 40 45
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  15 5 10
        Latvian  15 5 5
        Lingala  10 0 5
        Lithuanian  10 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  20 5 15
        Malayalam  40 20 20
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  280 140 130
        Marathi  10 0 5
        Nepali  20 5 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 75 35 35
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  240 125 110
        Pashto  0 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  150 80 75
        Polish  250 100 145
        Portuguese  130 55 70
        Romanian  90 45 45
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 5 0
        Russian  220 100 115
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  45 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian  25 15 15
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 20
        Sindhi  25 15 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  90 45 45
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  30 10 15
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  150 60 85
        Spanish  545 250 295
        Swahili  55 20 35
        Swedish  20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  280 80 200
        Taiwanese  5 5 5
        Tamil  175 85 90
        Telugu  30 15 15
        Thai  20 5 15
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  30 15 15
        Turkish  40 20 25
        Ukrainian  35 15 20
        Urdu  230 120 115
        Vietnamese  270 130 140
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 130 60 70
  Multiple responses          805 370 435
    English and French  220 90 130
    English and non-official language  200 95 105
    French and non-official language  385 175 205
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Nepean, Ontario (Code 35064) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 19, 2021).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Nepean (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Nepean, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Nepean (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census