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NHS Profile, Parkdale--High Park, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Parkdale--High Park, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Parkdale--High Park
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 102,500 49,220 53,280
Canadian citizens 91,010 43,745 47,270
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,610 8,245 8,365
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,400 35,500 38,900
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 11,485 5,475 6,010
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 102,500 49,225 53,275
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 63,555 31,380 32,175
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 36,550 16,475 20,080
Before 1971 7,765 3,385 4,380
1971 to 1980 4,835 2,265 2,565
1981 to 1990 5,385 2,435 2,950
1991 to 2000 7,210 3,215 3,995
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,365 5,175 6,185
2001 to 2005 4,525 2,000 2,530
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,835 3,180 3,660
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,400 1,370 1,025
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 36,550 16,475 20,080
Under 5 years 3,295 1,540 1,755
5 to 14 years 5,850 2,760 3,090
15 to 24 years 7,680 3,145 4,540
25 to 44 years 16,450 7,735 8,720
45 years and over 3,270 1,300 1,970
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 102,500 49,225 53,275
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 63,550 31,385 32,175
Born in province of residence 53,210 26,395 26,815
Born outside province of residence 10,345 4,985 5,360
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 36,555 16,475 20,075
Americas 5,965 2,710 3,250
United States 1,590 805 785
Jamaica 645 200 445
Guyana 545 190 360
Haiti 40 40 0
Mexico 310 85 225
Trinidad and Tobago 620 340 285
Colombia 200 100 100
El Salvador 60 20 40
Peru 305 155 145
Chile 220 100 120
Other places of birth in Americas 1,430 675 755
Europe 17,200 7,680 9,520
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,635 1,220 1,415
Italy 370 200 175
Germany 940 450 490
Poland 3,460 1,275 2,185
Portugal 1,090 580 505
Netherlands 155 95 60
France 250 115 130
Romania 395 195 200
Russian Federation 825 345 480
Greece 360 170 195
Ukraine 1,390 575 820
Croatia 435 190 245
Hungary 1,080 515 570
Bosnia and Herzegovina 460 205 250
Serbia 740 375 370
Ireland, Republic of 160 95 65
Other places of birth in Europe 2,450 1,080 1,370
Africa 1,935 925 1,010
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 25 0 15
Egypt 160 100 65
South Africa, Republic of 100 70 30
Nigeria 100 70 30
Ethiopia 580 270 305
Kenya 50 0 40
Other places of birth in Africa 910 390 520
Asia 11,270 5,070 6,195
India 2,505 1,145 1,355
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,835 875 955
Philippines 1,685 570 1,110
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 360 160 195
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,050 445 605
Pakistan 195 115 80
Sri Lanka 590 300 290
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 480 180 295
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 595 250 340
Lebanon 55 40 15
Taiwan 60 0 45
Iraq 105 80 15
Bangladesh 145 65 75
Afghanistan 65 40 30
Japan 180 35 145
Turkey 100 75 30
Other places of birth in Asia 1,280 670 605
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 185 85 100
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 180 80 95
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,395 1,370 1,030
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 6,835 3,175 3,655
Americas 1,030 530 500
United States 370 260 120
Mexico 135 20 115
Cuba 35 10 25
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 90 45 40
Colombia 80 25 55
Guyana 30 0 0
Peru 80 50 25
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 55 25 35
Other places of birth in Americas 135 75 60
Europe 1,820 840 980
France 40 25 15
Germany 35 20 15
Poland 125 30 90
Romania 75 25 45
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 95 30 65
Russian Federation 205 65 140
Ukraine 160 65 95
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 205 135 65
Other places of birth in Europe 885 440 450
Africa 385 165 220
Nigeria 55 0 0
Ethiopia 175 75 100
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 25 0 20
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 100 40 60
Asia 3,550 1,620 1,935
Philippines 500 215 285
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 570 295 270
India 1,275 570 700
Pakistan 40 25 15
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 75 20 60
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 120 45 75
Sri Lanka 85 0 75
Iraq 70 60 0
Bangladesh 30 25 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 75 0 70
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 40 0 30
Turkey 25 0 15
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 380 210 165
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 235 100 135
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 50 20 30
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 102,500 49,225 53,275
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 39,380 18,060 21,325
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 28,395 13,805 14,590
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 34,725 17,360 17,365
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 102,505 49,225 53,280
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 26,235 12,190 14,045
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 4,885 2,500 2,385
Chinese 3,880 1,825 2,055
Black 4,905 2,270 2,635
Filipino 2,215 820 1,395
Latin American 2,250 950 1,300
Arab 590 360 230
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,790 805 980
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 820 350 470
Korean 1,015 450 570
Japanese 700 315 385
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,960 945 1,015
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,220 595 625
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 76,265 37,040 39,230
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 102,500 49,225 53,275
North American Aboriginal origins 1,750 775 975
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,295 575 720
Inuit 15 10 0
Métis 455 195 260
Other North American origins 17,005 8,320 8,690
Acadian 150 85 70
American 1,580 830 750
Canadian 15,805 7,685 8,115
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 100 35 60
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 205 60 145
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 30 0 0
European origins 74,345 36,120 38,220
British Isles origins 40,025 19,890 20,130
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 22,360 10,970 11,390
Irish 18,325 8,820 9,505
Manx 30 20 0
Scottish 17,410 8,725 8,685
Welsh 2,120 1,050 1,070
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 4,095 1,875 2,225
French origins 7,840 3,690 4,150
Alsatian 20 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 7,825 3,680 4,145
Western European origins (except French origins) 12,960 6,325 6,630
Austrian 1,225 595 630
Belgian 440 245 200
Dutch 2,690 1,365 1,330
Flemish 20 0 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 9,240 4,495 4,740
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 575 265 315
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,800 1,300 1,495
Danish 545 230 320
Finnish 560 280 280
Icelandic 220 85 135
Norwegian 735 380 355
Swedish 930 430 500
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 110 70 40
Eastern European origins 22,340 10,320 12,020
Bulgarian 140 70 70
Byelorussian 230 110 115
Czech 845 355 480
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 120 35 80
Estonian 440 200 240
Hungarian 2,560 1,150 1,410
Latvian 460 225 230
Lithuanian 915 420 495
Moldovan 60 20 40
Polish 8,850 4,040 4,810
Romanian 675 310 370
Russian 3,415 1,515 1,900
Slovak 585 295 290
Ukrainian 6,420 3,095 3,330
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 120 55 65
Southern European origins 16,005 7,585 8,420
Albanian 255 100 155
Bosnian 170 95 80
Croatian 1,370 585 785
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,475 710 760
Italian 5,695 2,650 3,045
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 245 75 170
Maltese 1,125 625 505
Montenegrin 75 35 40
Portuguese 2,705 1,440 1,265
Serbian 1,640 840 805
Sicilian 25 0 15
Slovenian 555 250 300
Spanish 1,810 815 1,000
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 245 55 190
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,765 1,470 1,295
Basque 40 30 0
Jewish 1,780 895 885
Roma (Gypsy) 665 350 315
Slavic, n.o.s. 15 10 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 295 200 100
Caribbean origins 2,920 1,365 1,560
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 125 60 65
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 175 75 105
Dominican 45 0 35
Grenadian 110 70 40
Haitian 75 50 20
Jamaican 1,210 495 720
Kittitian/Nevisian 35 35 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 65 0 45
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 665 365 295
Vincentian/Grenadinian 70 45 30
West Indian, n.o.s. 315 140 170
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 175 70 105
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,210 1,405 1,805
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 190 80 105
Argentinian 130 75 55
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 245 90 150
Chilean 170 75 90
Colombian 310 130 180
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 185 55 135
Guatemalan 105 40 70
Guyanese 465 205 255
Hispanic 110 45 70
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 30 0 30
Mexican 445 160 280
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 325 160 165
Salvadorean 150 65 80
Uruguayan 50 35 0
Venezuelan 140 70 75
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 245 120 120
African origins 3,845 1,810 2,040
Central and West African origins 550 270 275
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 45 25 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 50 35 0
Ghanaian 210 80 130
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 10 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 130 55 70
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 20 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 75 50 25
North African origins 445 200 245
Algerian 50 20 30
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 280 130 150
Libyan 25 20 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 20 0 0
Sudanese 55 30 25
Tunisian 10 0 10
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 1,715 815 905
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 120 65 55
Ethiopian 660 345 310
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 30 0 20
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 10 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 435 160 275
South African 205 125 85
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 15 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 35 0 30
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 165 90 80
Other African origins 1,190 540 650
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 85 40 45
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,120 505 620
Asian origins 20,100 9,350 10,745
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,875 1,425 1,450
Afghan 150 75 80
Arab, n.o.s. 240 130 110
Armenian 235 75 165
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 40 0 30
Iranian 815 380 435
Iraqi 155 90 60
Israeli 60 30 30
Jordanian 35 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 65 30 40
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 445 285 155
Palestinian 80 65 15
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 80 35 45
Tajik 20 0 0
Tatar 60 0 50
Turk 290 160 130
Uighur 40 20 20
Uzbek 55 30 30
Yemeni 30 0 20
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 130 85 45
South Asian origins 4,790 2,425 2,365
Bangladeshi 100 55 45
Bengali 95 50 40
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,445 1,715 1,735
Goan 35 20 0
Gujarati 90 55 30
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 105 65 35
Pakistani 130 70 55
Punjabi 95 55 40
Sinhalese 65 35 30
Sri Lankan 420 235 190
Tamil 230 115 110
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 245 85 165
East and Southeast Asian origins 12,695 5,650 7,045
Burmese 45 0 40
Cambodian (Khmer) 30 0 30
Chinese 4,705 2,165 2,540
Filipino 2,425 895 1,530
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 115 60 55
Japanese 760 345 410
Korean 1,165 500 665
Laotian 45 25 15
Malaysian 100 15 75
Mongolian 120 65 55
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 55 35 25
Thai 70 40 30
Tibetan 2,590 1,240 1,345
Vietnamese 1,280 615 670
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 85 35 50
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 85 30 50
Oceania origins 260 140 115
Australian 205 110 95
New Zealander 35 25 10
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 102,500 49,225 53,275
Buddhist 4,325 2,130 2,195
Christian 55,850 25,315 30,535
Anglican 4,435 2,000 2,430
Baptist 1,165 590 575
Catholic 30,340 13,855 16,485
Christian Orthodox 4,720 2,075 2,640
Lutheran 1,095 520 575
Pentecostal 470 165 300
Presbyterian 1,520 720 800
United Church 3,990 1,710 2,275
Other Christian 8,120 3,670 4,450
Hindu 2,140 1,110 1,025
Jewish 1,120 570 555
Muslim 3,160 1,560 1,605
Sikh 215 90 125
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 70 0 55
Other religions 650 205 445
No religious affiliation 34,970 18,240 16,730
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 102,500 49,220 53,275
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,160 475 685
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 750 265 485
Métis single identity 315 135 185
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 75 65 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 101,340 48,750 52,590
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 102,500 49,220 53,280
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 425 165 260
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 102,075 49,060 53,015
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 102,500 49,225 53,275
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,750 775 980
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,295 575 725
Métis ancestry 450 195 260
Inuit ancestry 15 15 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 100,745 48,455 52,300
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 43,655 19,810 23,845
Aboriginal languages 65 0 55
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 30 0 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 0 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,590 19,805 23,790
Italian 2,120 955 1,160
Portuguese 2,165 1,170 1,000
Romanian 440 205 230
Spanish 5,035 2,240 2,800
Dutch 265 110 150
Flemish 0 0 0
German 2,410 1,155 1,250
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 130 55 75
Norwegian 115 35 85
Swedish 170 25 145
Afrikaans 65 30 40
Gaelic languages 65 35 30
Bosnian 100 50 50
Bulgarian 85 25 55
Croatian 960 395 565
Czech 415 205 210
Macedonian 120 30 85
Polish 5,135 2,110 3,020
Russian 2,930 1,295 1,635
Serbian 1,340 650 685
Serbo-Croatian 95 40 65
Slovak 220 75 140
Slovenian 220 105 120
Ukrainian 2,905 1,245 1,660
Latvian 260 110 155
Lithuanian 595 215 380
Greek 700 325 370
Armenian 110 45 70
Albanian 195 70 125
Estonian 240 80 160
Finnish 50 15 35
Hungarian 1,870 895 970
Turkish 150 100 55
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 30 0 20
Somali 315 145 165
Amharic 545 290 255
Arabic 880 545 335
Hebrew 145 75 75
Maltese 515 255 265
Tigrigna 170 115 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0
Bengali 265 130 140
Gujarati 275 130 140
Hindi 2,010 1,120 885
Konkani 50 0 0
Marathi 40 20 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 340 175 165
Sindhi 15 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 105 55 45
Urdu 350 210 140
Nepali 440 265 175
Kurdish 30 25 0
Pashto 50 25 20
Persian (Farsi) 615 260 360
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
Kannada 60 35 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 900 470 430
Telugu 215 90 120
Japanese 535 230 310
Korean 880 410 475
Cantonese 980 430 550
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 955 420 540
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,195 535 655
Lao 25 0 15
Thai 45 25 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,060 470 590
Bisayan languages 50 15 35
Ilocano 55 15 45
Malay 80 40 35
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,800 585 1,220
Akan (Twi) 110 55 55
Lingala 25 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 300 85 215
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 70 50 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 155 55
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 100 40 65
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 3,285 1,595 1,690
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 101,120 48,520 52,595
Non-movers 85,235 40,690 44,545
Movers 15,880 7,830 8,050
Non-migrants 10,780 5,280 5,500
Migrants 5,105 2,550 2,555
Internal migrants 2,800 1,285 1,515
Intraprovincial migrants 2,100 945 1,160
Interprovincial migrants 700 345 355
External migrants 2,305 1,265 1,040
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 96,430 46,075 50,355
Non-movers 52,580 24,615 27,965
Movers 43,850 21,460 22,390
Non-migrants 27,470 13,545 13,930
Migrants 16,380 7,915 8,460
Internal migrants 8,795 4,050 4,740
Intraprovincial migrants 6,785 3,095 3,690
Interprovincial migrants 2,010 955 1,050
External migrants 7,590 3,865 3,720
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 86,990 41,425 45,570
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,580 5,535 6,045
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 17,645 8,585 9,060
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 57,765 27,300 30,465
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,095 2,495 1,595
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,440 6,245 7,195
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,785 1,770 2,015
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 36,450 16,790 19,660
Bachelor's degree 21,350 9,440 11,910
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 15,105 7,350 7,755
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 65,060 31,715 33,345
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,610 2,550 2,060
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,125 5,870 5,260
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 49,320 23,295 26,030
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,885 1,795 1,095
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,995 5,185 5,805
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,015 1,405 1,610
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 32,425 14,910 17,515
Bachelor's degree 19,015 8,455 10,560
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 13,405 6,450 6,955
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 86,990 41,425 45,565
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 29,225 14,125 15,100
Education 3,905 1,165 2,740
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,010 2,855 3,155
Humanities 5,945 2,480 3,470
Social and behavioural sciences and law 9,870 3,920 5,950
Business, management and public administration 10,920 4,725 6,195
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,385 1,250 1,140
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,785 1,895 890
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,685 6,465 1,225
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 725 345 380
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,630 1,255 4,380
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,870 945 925
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 30 0 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 86,990 41,425 45,570
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 29,225 14,120 15,100
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 57,765 27,300 30,465
Location of study inside Canada 43,305 20,160 23,145
Same as province or territory of residence 38,110 17,655 20,460
Another province or territory 5,195 2,510 2,685
Location of study outside Canada 14,460 7,140 7,320
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 64,075 31,840 32,235
Single responses 63,275 31,480 31,790
English 61,855 30,865 30,990
French 400 115 285
Non-official languages 1,020 500 520
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 10
Cantonese 40 25 10
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 0 0
Spanish 170 90 80
Korean 60 30 30
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 95 50 40
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 560 235 320
Multiple responses 800 360 445
English and French 240 85 155
English and non-official language 525 250 275
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 30 0 15
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 64,075 31,845 32,235
English 61,855 30,865 30,985
French 395 115 280
Non-official language 1,025 500 525
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,025 500 525
English and French 235 85 160
English and non-official language 525 250 275
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 30 0 10
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 86,990 41,420 45,565
In the labour force 61,625 30,815 30,810
Employed 56,650 28,345 28,310
Unemployed 4,970 2,475 2,500
Not in the labour force 25,365 10,610 14,760
Participation rate 70.8 74.4 67.6
Employment rate 65.1 68.4 62.1
Unemployment rate 8.1 8.0 8.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 61,625 30,815 30,805
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,795 870 925
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 59,830 29,945 29,880
Employee 51,690 25,200 26,495
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,135 4,750 3,390
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 61,625 30,815 30,810
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,795 875 925
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 59,830 29,945 29,885
0 Management occupations 7,400 4,045 3,350
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,910 3,710 6,200
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,575 4,285 1,295
3 Health occupations 3,155 745 2,410
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 10,200 3,590 6,605
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6,100 3,210 2,885
6 Sales and service occupations 12,360 5,885 6,475
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,730 3,495 235
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 290 270 25
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,105 715 395
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 61,620 30,815 30,810
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,795 875 925
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 59,830 29,940 29,880
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 105 80 25
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 50 40 0
22 Utilities 360 225 130
23 Construction 2,435 2,185 255
31-33 Manufacturing 2,870 2,010 855
41 Wholesale trade 1,925 1,200 725
44-45 Retail trade 4,965 2,050 2,910
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,180 1,480 695
51 Information and cultural industries 4,140 2,525 1,610
52 Finance and insurance 3,885 1,930 1,950
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,245 735 510
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 8,215 4,575 3,640
55 Management of companies and enterprises 75 0 70
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,360 1,330 1,030
61 Educational services 6,705 2,525 4,185
62 Health care and social assistance 5,845 1,220 4,620
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,345 1,095 1,255
72 Accommodation and food services 4,250 2,220 2,030
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,680 1,065 1,615
91 Public administration 3,200 1,435 1,765
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 61,625 30,815 30,810
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,360 1,545 1,815
Worked in 2010 58,260 29,270 28,990
1 to 13 weeks 3,145 1,410 1,730
14 to 26 weeks 4,435 2,035 2,400
27 to 39 weeks 3,895 1,820 2,075
40 to 48 weeks 9,440 4,630 4,805
49 to 52 weeks 37,350 19,375 17,980
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.6 45.1 44.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 61,625 30,815 30,810
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,360 1,545 1,815
Worked in 2010 58,260 29,270 28,995
Worked full-time in 2010 47,865 25,465 22,395
Worked part-time in 2010 10,400 3,805 6,595
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 56,650 28,345 28,310
Worked at home 5,335 2,770 2,565
Worked outside Canada 310 195 115
No fixed workplace address 6,065 4,255 1,805
Worked at usual place 44,945 21,115 23,820
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 51,005 25,375 25,630
Car, truck or van - as a driver 19,710 11,435 8,275
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,580 700 885
Public transit 22,555 9,820 12,745
Walked 3,510 1,445 2,065
Bicycle 2,960 1,655 1,300
Other methods 690 330 360
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 51,010 25,375 25,630
Median commuting duration 30.7 30.7 30.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 51,010 25,380 25,625
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,270 4,555 2,720
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 32,980 15,310 17,670
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,750 5,515 5,240
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 48,350 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 43,480 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,875 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 48,350 ... ...
1960 or before 28,875 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,435 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,975 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,305 ... ...
2001 to 2005 855 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,910 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 48,350 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 26,365 ... ...
5 rooms 5,275 ... ...
6 rooms 4,560 ... ...
7 rooms 3,775 ... ...
8 or more rooms 8,380 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 48,355 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 20,335 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,240 ... ...
3 bedrooms 9,740 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,030 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 48,350 ... ...
Owner 20,855 ... ...
Renter 27,500 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 48,355 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,235 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 43,120 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 48,355 ... ...
1 household maintainer 30,855 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,275 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,220 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 48,350 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,715 ... ...
25 to 34 years 9,865 ... ...
35 to 44 years 11,085 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,770 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,560 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,320 ... ...
75 years and over 4,040 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 48,350 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 46,180 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,175 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 48,355 ... ...
Suitable 42,885 ... ...
Not suitable 5,465 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 48,135 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 31,325 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 16,815 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,175 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 20,850 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 23.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,406 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,594 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 584,312 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 607,391 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,500 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 43.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 949 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 980 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 86,990 41,420 45,570
Without income 3,700 1,450 2,250
With income 83,290 39,970 43,320
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,545 4,340 4,205
$5,000 to $9,999 5,315 2,225 3,090
$10,000 to $14,999 6,990 3,065 3,925
$15,000 to $19,999 7,965 3,225 4,740
$20,000 to $29,999 10,900 4,825 6,075
$30,000 to $39,999 8,460 4,090 4,370
$40,000 to $49,999 6,800 3,040 3,760
$50,000 to $59,999 5,565 2,635 2,930
$60,000 to $79,999 8,155 4,080 4,070
$80,000 to $99,999 5,920 2,970 2,950
$100,000 and over 8,675 5,475 3,195
$100,000 to $124,999 3,515 2,100 1,415
$125,000 and over 5,155 3,380 1,780
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,735 35,369 28,937
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 50,152 58,464 42,482
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 86,990 41,420 45,565
Without after-tax income 3,700 1,450 2,245
With after-tax income 83,295 39,970 43,320
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,605 4,370 4,235
$5,000 to $9,999 5,430 2,255 3,170
$10,000 to $14,999 7,175 3,120 4,055
$15,000 to $19,999 8,520 3,475 5,045
$20,000 to $29,999 12,445 5,690 6,760
$30,000 to $39,999 10,210 4,835 5,380
$40,000 to $49,999 8,050 3,735 4,315
$50,000 to $59,999 5,930 2,825 3,100
$60,000 to $79,999 8,720 4,525 4,195
$80,000 to $99,999 3,765 2,245 1,520
$100,000 and over 4,445 2,900 1,540
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,475 31,494 26,753
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 40,300 45,662 35,352
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.9 93.2 87.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 82.1 85.1 78.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 74.2 76.0 71.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 7.9 9.0 6.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.7 3.5 4.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.7 3.6 4.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.1 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.1 6.8 12.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.1 1.7 2.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.0 1.4 2.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.0 0.7 1.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.9 0.0 2.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.1 2.9 3.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 19.6 21.9 16.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 80.4 78.1 83.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.7 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 33,330 17,630 15,700
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 57,290 60,286 53,718
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 75,742 85,906 64,329
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,120 ... ...
Median family income ($) 86,697 ... ...
Average family income ($) 118,830 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 74,455 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 94,200 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,345 ... ...
Median family income ($) 79,164 ... ...
Average family income ($) 99,578 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,896 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 80,705 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,270 ... ...
Median family income ($) 122,124 ... ...
Average family income ($) 160,900 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 102,148 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 123,988 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,380 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,603 ... ...
Average family income ($) 63,313 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,907 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 54,337 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 26,535 12,700 13,835
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,294 28,570 30,433
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 40,440 41,032 39,896
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,804 26,103 27,728
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,767 33,970 33,582
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 102,500 49,225 53,280
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 47,630 22,415 25,215
In bottom decile 13,080 6,355 6,720
In second decile 10,635 4,800 5,840
In third decile 8,725 4,140 4,585
In fourth decile 7,700 3,755 3,945
In fifth decile 7,490 3,360 4,125
In top half of the Canadian distribution 54,865 26,805 28,060
In sixth decile 6,910 3,240 3,675
In seventh decile 8,610 4,120 4,485
In eighth decile 8,420 4,080 4,345
In ninth decile 12,375 6,055 6,315
In top decile 18,560 9,315 9,240
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 48,350 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,940 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,270 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,505 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,965 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,560 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,955 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,415 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,565 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,935 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,675 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,075 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 48,350 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,970 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,290 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,555 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,195 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,505 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,795 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,930 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,880 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,120 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,080 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,590 ... ...
$125,000 and over 6,490 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 48,350 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 56,167 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 86,389 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,628 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 69,421 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 19,615 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,054 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 43,238 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 29,780 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 35,913 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,735 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 84,085 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 115,837 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 73,442 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 92,288 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 102,500 49,225 53,275
Less than 18 years 18,125 9,050 9,075
Less than 6 years 7,225 3,765 3,470
18 to 64 years 72,630 35,200 37,430
65 years and over 11,750 4,975 6,775
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 18,395 8,695 9,705
Less than 18 years 3,210 1,615 1,595
Less than 6 years 1,125 535 585
18 to 64 years 13,570 6,540 7,035
65 years and over 1,620 540 1,075
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.9 17.7 18.2
Less than 18 years (%) 17.7 17.8 17.6
Less than 6 years (%) 15.6 14.2 16.9
18 to 64 years (%) 18.7 18.6 18.8
65 years and over (%) 13.8 10.9 15.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Parkdale--High Park, Ontario (Code 35081) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 14, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Parkdale--High Park, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Parkdale--High Park, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Parkdale--High Park
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 105,100 50,605 54,500
0 to 4 years 6,055 3,075 2,975
5 to 9 years 4,990 2,510 2,475
10 to 14 years 4,505 2,290 2,220
15 to 19 years 4,555 2,220 2,335
15 years 930 445 480
16 years 885 445 435
17 years 850 425 430
18 years 965 455 510
19 years 925 445 475
20 to 24 years 5,920 2,755 3,170
25 to 29 years 9,260 4,280 4,980
30 to 34 years 10,045 4,800 5,245
35 to 39 years 9,670 4,825 4,845
40 to 44 years 9,145 4,675 4,470
45 to 49 years 8,340 4,120 4,220
50 to 54 years 7,745 3,890 3,850
55 to 59 years 6,550 3,180 3,370
60 to 64 years 5,575 2,715 2,860
65 to 69 years 3,670 1,735 1,930
70 to 74 years 2,725 1,180 1,540
75 to 79 years 2,265 960 1,300
80 to 84 years 1,945 695 1,245
85 years and over 2,155 690 1,465
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.7 38.5 39.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.2 84.4 85.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 89,560 42,730 46,830
Married or living with a common-law partner 43,695 21,915 21,780
Married (and not separated) 34,525 17,285 17,245
Living common law 9,170 4,635 4,540
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 45,865 20,815 25,050
Single (never legally married) 31,845 16,285 15,565
Separated 2,960 1,260 1,705
Divorced 6,545 2,555 3,990
Widowed 4,510 715 3,800
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,055 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,270 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,075 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,165 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,550 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,055 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,130 ... ...
Married couples 16,550 ... ...
Without children at home 6,575 ... ...
With children at home 9,970 ... ...
1 child 4,185 ... ...
2 children 4,455 ... ...
3 or more children 1,330 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,585 ... ...
Without children at home 3,435 ... ...
With children at home 1,145 ... ...
1 child 630 ... ...
2 children 390 ... ...
3 or more children 120 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,925 ... ...
Female parent 4,100 ... ...
1 child 2,675 ... ...
2 children 1,055 ... ...
3 or more children 370 ... ...
Male parent 825 ... ...
1 child 580 ... ...
2 children 205 ... ...
3 or more children 40 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 26,340 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,090 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,335 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,540 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,660 ... ...
25 years and over 3,725 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 102,600 49,420 53,180
Number of persons not in census families 29,070 13,760 15,310
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,545 1,060 1,490
Living with non-relatives only 7,040 3,665 3,380
Living alone 19,480 9,040 10,445
Number of census family persons 73,530 35,660 37,870
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 11,625 4,905 6,720
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,420 1,700 3,715
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 720 170 545
Living with non-relatives only 405 195 205
Living alone 4,295 1,330 2,960
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 6,200 3,200 3,005
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 48,325 ... ...
Census-family households 25,585 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 23,340 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 19,245 ... ...
Without children 9,130 ... ...
With children 10,120 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,095 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,240 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,795 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,225 ... ...
Without children 485 ... ...
With children 740 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 570 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 450 ... ...
Non-census-family households 22,740 ... ...
One-person households 19,485 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,260 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 48,325 ... ...
Single-detached house 9,020 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 17,440 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 21,850 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,065 ... ...
Row house 1,360 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,345 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 14,020 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 48,325 ... ...
1 person 19,485 ... ...
2 persons 14,440 ... ...
3 persons 6,665 ... ...
4 persons 5,405 ... ...
5 persons 1,710 ... ...
6 or more persons 630 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 102,595 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,120 49,680 53,445
  Single responses  100,590 48,475 52,110
    English  63,365 31,380 31,990
    French  1,910 870 1,045
    Non-official languages  35,310 16,235 19,080
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 10 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  15 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 34,935 16,050 18,880
        African languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Afrikaans  10 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  35 15 20
        Albanian  190 95 100
        Amharic  335 150 185
        Arabic  545 335 210
        Armenian  60 25 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 25 15
        Bengali  270 135 135
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  85 30 60
        Bosnian  85 45 40
        Bulgarian  130 55 80
        Burmese  35 20 10
        Cantonese  820 375 445
        Chinese, n.o.s.  970 440 530
        Creoles  40 15 25
        Croatian  560 255 305
        Czech  400 200 200
        Danish  60 15 35
        Dutch  190 90 100
        Estonian  190 85 105
        Finnish  50 15 35
        Flemish  10 0 10
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  1,185 510 675
        Greek  675 335 340
        Gujarati  190 90 100
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  40 20 25
        Hindi  225 140 90
        Hungarian  1,670 820 855
        Ilocano  65 25 45
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Italian  945 470 480
        Japanese  350 120 230
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  820 385 435
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  20 10 10
        Latvian  280 120 165
        Lingala  10 5 5
        Lithuanian  495 175 320
        Macedonian  100 45 55
        Malay  40 20 25
        Malayalam  45 25 20
        Maltese  440 210 225
        Mandarin  605 270 335
        Marathi  30 15 15
        Nepali  70 35 30
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 70 40 35
        Norwegian  15 10 5
        Oromo  25 10 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  150 70 85
        Pashto  20 15 5
        Persian (Farsi)  435 215 220
        Polish  4,345 1,825 2,515
        Portuguese  1,790 875 910
        Romanian  360 175 185
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  1,815 820 1,000
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 20 15
        Serbian  1,135 550 585
        Serbo-Croatian  125 60 60
        Shanghainese  0 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Sindhi  10 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  55 30 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 40 15 25
        Slovak  220 105 120
        Slovenian  125 45 80
        Somali  210 95 110
        Spanish  2,275 1,090 1,180
        Swahili  70 30 40
        Swedish  65 25 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,380 475 905
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  585 305 280
        Telugu  110 60 50
        Thai  40 10 30
        Tibetan languages  2,125 1,075 1,045
        Tigrigna  145 60 80
        Turkish  185 100 85
        Ukrainian  2,170 900 1,265
        Urdu  185 100 85
        Vietnamese  1,070 480 585
        Yiddish  10 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 350 170 175
  Multiple responses          2,530 1,195 1,330
    English and French  420 195 225
    English and non-official language  1,915 920 995
    French and non-official language  120 55 70
    English, French and non-official language 70 40 30
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,125 49,680 53,445
  English only 84,435 41,705 42,730
  French only 110 45 65
  English and French 15,145 6,485 8,660
  Neither English nor French 3,430 1,440 1,990
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,125 49,680 53,445
  English 96,705 46,895 49,810
  French 2,050 910 1,140
  English and French 995 460 535
  Neither English nor French 3,370 1,415 1,960
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,550 1,140 1,410
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.5 2.3 2.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,125 49,680 53,445
  Single responses 98,685 47,610 51,075
    English 78,235 38,145 40,095
    French 895 370 525
    Non-official languages 19,555 9,090 10,455
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 0 5
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,380 9,020 10,360
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 25 10 10
        Albanian 110 50 55
        Amharic 210 85 125
        Arabic 280 150 125
        Armenian 30 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Bengali 185 95 85
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 25 10 15
        Bosnian 45 20 25
        Bulgarian 65 30 35
        Burmese 25 15 10
        Cantonese 455 210 245
        Chinese, n.o.s. 560 265 295
        Creoles 20 10 10
        Croatian 225 105 120
        Czech 190 90 95
        Danish 5 5 5
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 60 30 30
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 5 5 5
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 170 80 95
        Greek 245 120 125
        Gujarati 110 50 55
        Hakka 5 0 0
        Hebrew 10 0 10
        Hindi 125 70 50
        Hungarian 1,355 670 680
        Ilocano 35 10 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Italian 175 85 95
        Japanese 135 50 80
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 540 265 275
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 5 5 5
        Latvian 120 45 80
        Lingala 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 200 70 135
        Macedonian 40 15 25
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 20 10 10
        Maltese 160 75 90
        Mandarin 445 210 240
        Marathi 5 5 5
        Nepali 40 20 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 20 10 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 55 20 30
        Pashto 10 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 230 105 125
        Polish 2,350 985 1,360
        Portuguese 895 440 455
        Romanian 165 85 80
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 1,220 575 640
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10
        Serbian 785 390 395
        Serbo-Croatian 55 25 30
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Sindhi 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Slovak 55 30 30
        Slovenian 35 15 20
        Somali 150 75 75
        Spanish 1,230 565 665
        Swahili 30 20 15
        Swedish 10 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 720 275 445
        Taiwanese 0 0 5
        Tamil 490 245 240
        Telugu 75 40 40
        Thai 15 5 5
        Tibetan languages 1,915 970 945
        Tigrigna 85 35 50
        Turkish 95 45 50
        Ukrainian 1,055 445 610
        Urdu 95 45 45
        Vietnamese 875 410 470
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 160 70 90
  Multiple responses         4,440 2,070 2,375
    English and French 275 140 135
    English and non-official language 4,040 1,875 2,170
    French and non-official language 45 20 25
    English, French and non-official language 80 35 45
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,120 49,680 53,445
  None 82,570 40,210 42,360
  Single responses  20,030 9,230 10,800
    English  7,285 3,390 3,900
    French  1,805 835 975
    Non-official languages  10,940 5,005 5,930
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  10 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,780 4,920 5,865
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 10
        Albanian  50 25 25
        Amharic  105 50 55
        Arabic  180 100 75
        Armenian  15 10 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  55 30 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  25 10 15
        Bosnian  35 20 15
        Bulgarian  40 15 25
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  230 105 125
        Chinese, n.o.s.  245 115 130
        Creoles  50 15 30
        Croatian  210 100 115
        Czech  115 55 60
        Danish  30 5 15
        Dutch  60 30 35
        Estonian  85 35 50
        Finnish  25 10 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  5 5 0
        German  515 215 295
        Greek  345 165 180
        Gujarati  55 25 25
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  30 15 15
        Hindi  350 175 175
        Hungarian  165 70 100
        Ilocano  15 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  420 205 215
        Japanese  145 60 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  180 80 100
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  100 45 55
        Lingala  15 5 10
        Lithuanian  190 75 115
        Macedonian  25 15 15
        Malay  10 10 5
        Malayalam  15 5 10
        Maltese  170 80 90
        Mandarin  170 70 105
        Marathi  15 5 5
        Nepali  75 45 30
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Norwegian  15 10 5
        Oromo  5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  50 25 25
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  105 60 50
        Polish  1,230 535 695
        Portuguese  595 290 300
        Romanian  120 55 65
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 0
        Russian  505 230 275
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  270 120 150
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 15
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  75 35 40
        Slovenian  35 10 25
        Somali  75 35 40
        Spanish  1,035 490 545
        Swahili  40 20 20
        Swedish  35 15 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  425 125 295
        Taiwanese  0 5 5
        Tamil  90 45 45
        Telugu  25 15 10
        Thai  20 5 10
        Tibetan languages  125 70 55
        Tigrigna  45 25 25
        Turkish  60 30 30
        Ukrainian  690 300 390
        Urdu  95 50 50
        Vietnamese  240 110 130
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 135 75 55
  Multiple responses          525 245 285
    English and French  65 30 35
    English and non-official language  195 105 95
    French and non-official language  265 115 150
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Parkdale--High Park, Ontario (Code 35081) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 14, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Parkdale--High Park (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Parkdale--High Park, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Parkdale--High Park, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Parkdale--High Park (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census