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NHS Profile, Scarborough North, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Scarborough North, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Scarborough North
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 100,175 48,585 51,590
Canadian citizens 83,830 40,700 43,130
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,855 9,645 9,200
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 64,980 31,050 33,930
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 16,345 7,885 8,455
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 100,175 48,590 51,590
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 29,860 15,280 14,580
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 68,510 32,275 36,230
Before 1971 4,230 2,075 2,155
1971 to 1980 7,525 3,435 4,095
1981 to 1990 11,270 5,310 5,965
1991 to 2000 22,775 10,735 12,040
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 22,700 10,725 11,980
2001 to 2005 12,805 6,070 6,735
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,900 4,655 5,245
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,810 1,030 775
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 68,505 32,275 36,235
Under 5 years 3,775 1,985 1,790
5 to 14 years 9,745 4,915 4,830
15 to 24 years 14,290 6,370 7,915
25 to 44 years 30,145 14,305 15,845
45 years and over 10,555 4,710 5,850
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 100,175 48,590 51,585
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 29,855 15,280 14,580
Born in province of residence 28,065 14,425 13,640
Born outside province of residence 1,790 855 940
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 68,510 32,275 36,235
Americas 7,250 3,080 4,175
United States 365 170 200
Jamaica 1,975 790 1,185
Guyana 2,140 960 1,180
Haiti 55 25 30
Mexico 20 10 10
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 505 755
Colombia 25 0 0
El Salvador 75 40 35
Peru 125 80 45
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 1,175 490 690
Europe 2,680 1,285 1,395
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 665 310 355
Italy 555 305 255
Germany 190 90 95
Poland 110 45 65
Portugal 85 20 70
Netherlands 40 0 25
France 25 0 0
Romania 25 0 20
Russian Federation 20 20 0
Greece 485 245 235
Ukraine 35 0 20
Croatia 45 0 40
Hungary 40 20 25
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 25 15 0
Other places of birth in Europe 310 150 160
Africa 1,675 795 875
Morocco 15 0 0
Algeria 50 20 25
Egypt 130 50 80
South Africa, Republic of 35 0 25
Nigeria 115 60 55
Ethiopia 70 20 50
Kenya 190 75 115
Other places of birth in Africa 1,075 555 515
Asia 56,855 27,090 29,765
India 5,690 2,850 2,840
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 22,715 10,620 12,090
Philippines 5,260 2,500 2,765
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 7,265 3,355 3,910
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,600 730 875
Pakistan 1,835 910 930
Sri Lanka 8,695 4,310 4,380
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 160 75 85
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 200 90 115
Lebanon 115 55 60
Taiwan 550 245 305
Iraq 80 35 45
Bangladesh 335 160 170
Afghanistan 225 120 105
Japan 45 0 30
Turkey 35 0 25
Other places of birth in Asia 2,060 1,020 1,040
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 50 25 25
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 35 20 20
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,810 1,035 775
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 9,900 4,650 5,245
Americas 670 290 380
United States 175 85 85
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 150 50 95
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 170 55 110
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 45 0 35
Other places of birth in Americas 110 60 50
Europe 65 0 50
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 20 0 20
Other places of birth in Europe 20 0 0
Africa 225 75 150
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 75 35 40
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 60 25 35
Asia 8,940 4,275 4,665
Philippines 905 425 475
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 4,540 2,105 2,435
India 1,220 685 530
Pakistan 350 175 170
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 1,220 555 670
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 70 45 25
Lebanon 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 65 35 30
Taiwan 30 0 0
Afghanistan 35 10 30
Japan 15 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 130 60 65
United Arab Emirates 15 0 0
Saudi Arabia 25 15 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 285 130 160
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 100,175 48,590 51,590
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 70,435 33,360 37,075
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 24,715 12,610 12,105
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 5,025 2,620 2,410
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 100,175 48,590 51,585
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 90,210 43,600 46,615
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 25,425 12,545 12,875
Chinese 43,735 20,940 22,785
Black 7,130 3,245 3,885
Filipino 6,690 3,290 3,405
Latin American 740 365 380
Arab 730 365 365
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,440 735 705
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 475 235 240
Korean 270 125 140
Japanese 150 75 75
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,510 645 870
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,915 1,030 890
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 9,965 4,985 4,975
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 100,175 48,590 51,590
North American Aboriginal origins 235 130 105
First Nations (North American Indian) 205 120 90
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 25 0 0
Other North American origins 5,660 2,960 2,695
Acadian 0 0 0
American 180 65 110
Canadian 5,490 2,900 2,590
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 13,005 6,345 6,660
British Isles origins 6,890 3,405 3,480
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 4,390 2,215 2,175
Irish 2,050 1,030 1,015
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,130 1,045 1,085
Welsh 170 45 125
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 385 205 185
French origins 1,110 485 625
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 1,110 480 625
Western European origins (except French origins) 1,500 660 830
Austrian 120 60 60
Belgian 0 0 0
Dutch 330 145 190
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,145 480 660
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 20 10 0
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 295 120 175
Danish 90 20 70
Finnish 55 35 20
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 30 0 20
Swedish 90 35 50
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 45 35 0
Eastern European origins 1,070 500 570
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Byelorussian 20 0 0
Czech 50 25 25
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 25 0 15
Hungarian 135 70 65
Latvian 30 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 410 160 255
Romanian 35 20 15
Russian 180 105 80
Slovak 30 0 0
Ukrainian 265 125 145
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 4,775 2,320 2,455
Albanian 60 0 50
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 55 30 30
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 780 380 400
Italian 1,375 700 675
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 395 215 180
Maltese 15 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,010 525 485
Serbian 75 0 0
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 50 20 25
Spanish 1,205 525 680
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 75 40 35
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 70 35 35
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 0 0 0
Caribbean origins 6,435 3,045 3,390
Antiguan 65 30 30
Bahamian 15 0 0
Barbadian 475 195 280
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 25 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 125 50 80
Grenadian 90 20 70
Haitian 115 60 55
Jamaican 3,440 1,660 1,785
Kittitian/Nevisian 30 20 10
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 25 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 25 0 20
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,000 435 565
Vincentian/Grenadinian 255 130 125
West Indian, n.o.s. 955 470 485
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 375 210 165
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,630 800 830
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 55 20 35
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 0
Chilean 105 0 60
Colombian 20 15 0
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 30 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 980 465 515
Hispanic 35 15 25
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 40 25 15
Nicaraguan 25 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 155 105 55
Salvadorean 140 70 75
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 65 25 40
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 65 25 35
African origins 2,540 1,215 1,330
Central and West African origins 550 270 280
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 50 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 220 90 130
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 20 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 210 140 70
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 30 0 0
North African origins 385 195 195
Algerian 65 20 40
Berber 10 10 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 260 140 120
Libyan 20 0 10
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 25 10 0
Sudanese 15 0 10
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 585 260 330
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 15 10 0
Ethiopian 115 40 80
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 50 25 25
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 75 40 35
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 260 115 145
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 40 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 30 20 0
Other African origins 1,020 490 535
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 195 60 140
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 825 430 395
Asian origins 80,295 38,945 41,350
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,800 895 910
Afghan 435 225 215
Arab, n.o.s. 275 140 135
Armenian 165 60 100
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 300 160 140
Iraqi 85 40 45
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 30 0 20
Kazakh 20 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 250 135 115
Palestinian 115 60 60
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 70 35 30
Syrian 85 50 35
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 20 0 20
Turk 145 50 95
Uighur 20 0 15
Uzbek 20 0 15
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 55 0 0
South Asian origins 25,700 12,605 13,095
Bangladeshi 210 85 120
Bengali 210 100 110
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 12,185 6,165 6,025
Goan 80 35 50
Gujarati 100 40 60
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 1,615 755 855
Punjabi 280 140 140
Sinhalese 225 95 130
Sri Lankan 8,730 4,140 4,590
Tamil 3,575 1,765 1,815
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,050 555 495
East and Southeast Asian origins 53,410 25,740 27,670
Burmese 25 0 15
Cambodian (Khmer) 20 0 10
Chinese 45,510 21,815 23,695
Filipino 7,085 3,480 3,600
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 80 55 30
Japanese 290 140 145
Korean 270 130 145
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 180 45 135
Mongolian 20 0 0
Singaporean 50 0 0
Taiwanese 275 135 140
Thai 35 0 25
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,100 555 545
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 120 50 65
Other Asian origins 170 80 95
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 170 80 90
Oceania origins 75 35 45
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 65 30 35
Fijian 65 35 35
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 100,175 48,590 51,590
Buddhist 6,475 2,845 3,635
Christian 37,400 17,585 19,815
Anglican 2,120 970 1,150
Baptist 1,890 840 1,050
Catholic 18,395 8,625 9,770
Christian Orthodox 1,445 720 720
Lutheran 245 115 125
Pentecostal 1,825 800 1,030
Presbyterian 950 430 520
United Church 1,275 580 695
Other Christian 9,260 4,510 4,750
Hindu 14,570 7,100 7,465
Jewish 65 40 25
Muslim 7,345 3,615 3,725
Sikh 685 365 315
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 255 165 90
No religious affiliation 33,390 16,875 16,515
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 100,175 48,590 51,590
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 140 65 70
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 100 55 45
Métis single identity 15 0 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 100,040 48,525 51,515
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 100,175 48,585 51,590
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 70 0 40
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 100,105 48,560 51,550
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 100,175 48,585 51,585
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 235 135 105
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 205 120 90
Métis ancestry 25 0 0
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 99,940 48,460 51,485
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 74,855 35,710 39,140
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 74,845 35,705 39,135
Italian 815 430 385
Portuguese 180 75 95
Romanian 25 0 15
Spanish 980 440 540
Dutch 30 0 25
Flemish 0 0 0
German 335 180 155
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 15 0 0
Czech 15 0 0
Macedonian 365 225 140
Polish 130 60 70
Russian 100 40 55
Serbian 85 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 40 0 25
Ukrainian 80 45 40
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 765 370 400
Armenian 170 75 95
Albanian 45 0 40
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 75 40 30
Turkish 45 20 25
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 215 90 125
Amharic 65 15 50
Arabic 1,045 570 475
Hebrew 55 35 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 15 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 435 235 205
Gujarati 2,750 1,440 1,315
Hindi 3,345 1,815 1,535
Konkani 110 45 65
Marathi 105 55 50
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,395 710 685
Sindhi 120 50 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 705 315 385
Urdu 4,040 1,985 2,055
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 90 55 35
Persian (Farsi) 530 255 275
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Kannada 60 25 35
Malayalam 220 110 115
Tamil 11,770 5,615 6,155
Telugu 210 115 95
Japanese 150 90 55
Korean 230 95 130
Cantonese 21,245 9,785 11,460
Fukien 300 110 190
Hakka 430 180 245
Mandarin 10,700 4,965 5,740
Taiwanese 175 85 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 13,070 6,325 6,745
Lao 145 80 60
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 0
Vietnamese 915 440 475
Bisayan languages 110 60 55
Ilocano 230 120 105
Malay 300 135 165
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 5,070 2,285 2,785
Akan (Twi) 70 30 40
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 160 80 80
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 30 0 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 60 45
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 380 185 200
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 505 230 275
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 99,130 48,045 51,085
Non-movers 89,500 43,320 46,180
Movers 9,630 4,725 4,905
Non-migrants 6,855 3,270 3,585
Migrants 2,775 1,450 1,320
Internal migrants 1,315 650 665
Intraprovincial migrants 1,160 595 565
Interprovincial migrants 160 55 100
External migrants 1,460 805 655
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 94,830 45,740 49,090
Non-movers 60,900 29,210 31,685
Movers 33,930 16,530 17,400
Non-migrants 22,590 11,015 11,575
Migrants 11,345 5,520 5,830
Internal migrants 3,335 1,640 1,695
Intraprovincial migrants 2,850 1,415 1,440
Interprovincial migrants 480 225 260
External migrants 8,015 3,880 4,135
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 83,525 40,110 43,410
No certificate, diploma or degree 19,005 8,540 10,465
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 23,560 11,060 12,500
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 40,960 20,505 20,445
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,135 2,665 1,470
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,905 5,300 6,600
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,380 2,405 2,970
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 19,545 10,135 9,410
Bachelor's degree 13,675 7,020 6,655
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,870 3,120 2,750
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 56,040 26,650 29,390
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,630 4,340 5,290
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 14,040 6,295 7,745
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 32,365 16,015 16,355
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,075 1,925 1,145
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,120 4,020 5,105
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,130 1,820 2,310
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 16,045 8,250 7,795
Bachelor's degree 11,060 5,695 5,365
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,985 2,555 2,425
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 83,525 40,110 43,415
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 42,565 19,600 22,965
Education 2,000 380 1,625
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,400 765 635
Humanities 1,800 580 1,215
Social and behavioural sciences and law 3,970 1,390 2,575
Business, management and public administration 11,120 4,595 6,520
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,160 1,080 1,085
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,325 2,165 1,160
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,210 7,235 975
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 470 305 165
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,045 1,160 3,885
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,450 850 605
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 83,525 40,110 43,410
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 42,560 19,600 22,960
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 40,955 20,510 20,450
Location of study inside Canada 22,885 11,195 11,685
Same as province or territory of residence 21,855 10,650 11,205
Another province or territory 1,025 540 485
Location of study outside Canada 18,075 9,315 8,760
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 52,685 27,350 25,330
Single responses 50,880 26,560 24,315
English 43,295 22,555 20,740
French 110 30 80
Non-official languages 7,465 3,980 3,495
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,285 1,825 1,460
Cantonese 2,785 1,395 1,385
Panjabi (Punjabi) 35 25 0
Mandarin 945 485 460
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 390 220 170
Multiple responses 1,805 790 1,015
English and French 215 100 110
English and non-official language 1,575 675 900
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 52,685 27,350 25,335
English 43,295 22,555 20,740
French 110 30 80
Non-official language 7,470 3,980 3,490
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 7,470 3,975 3,490
English and French 215 105 115
English and non-official language 1,575 675 900
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 83,525 40,110 43,415
In the labour force 50,445 26,265 24,185
Employed 44,750 23,480 21,270
Unemployed 5,695 2,780 2,915
Not in the labour force 33,080 13,850 19,230
Participation rate 60.4 65.5 55.7
Employment rate 53.6 58.5 49.0
Unemployment rate 11.3 10.6 12.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 50,445 26,265 24,185
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,340 1,060 1,280
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,100 25,205 22,905
Employee 44,280 22,475 21,805
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 3,820 2,730 1,095
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 50,445 26,260 24,185
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,340 1,060 1,280
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,105 25,205 22,900
0 Management occupations 3,820 2,390 1,430
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,220 3,285 5,935
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,000 3,245 760
3 Health occupations 2,625 560 2,070
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 3,480 1,200 2,280
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,090 610 485
6 Sales and service occupations 13,685 7,030 6,660
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,490 4,085 400
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 190 175 15
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 5,505 2,630 2,880
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 50,445 26,265 24,180
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,340 1,060 1,280
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,105 25,200 22,900
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 45 30 20
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 50 35 15
22 Utilities 180 105 70
23 Construction 1,985 1,800 190
31-33 Manufacturing 7,340 4,280 3,060
41 Wholesale trade 2,835 1,675 1,160
44-45 Retail trade 5,605 2,610 2,990
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,625 1,245 385
51 Information and cultural industries 1,725 1,090 625
52 Finance and insurance 4,140 1,725 2,415
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,015 580 435
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,535 2,145 1,390
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 0 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,580 1,390 1,190
61 Educational services 2,285 870 1,410
62 Health care and social assistance 4,425 935 3,495
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 605 325 275
72 Accommodation and food services 4,615 2,655 1,955
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,045 905 1,135
91 Public administration 1,435 785 655
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 50,445 26,260 24,185
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,620 2,290 2,335
Worked in 2010 45,825 23,975 21,850
1 to 13 weeks 2,875 1,360 1,510
14 to 26 weeks 3,705 1,675 2,030
27 to 39 weeks 3,365 1,720 1,640
40 to 48 weeks 8,075 4,145 3,925
49 to 52 weeks 27,800 15,070 12,730
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.7 44.4 43.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 50,445 26,265 24,180
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,625 2,285 2,335
Worked in 2010 45,820 23,975 21,845
Worked full-time in 2010 37,015 20,135 16,875
Worked part-time in 2010 8,810 3,840 4,970
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 44,750 23,480 21,265
Worked at home 1,965 1,115 850
Worked outside Canada 205 130 75
No fixed workplace address 5,210 3,480 1,725
Worked at usual place 37,370 18,755 18,615
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 42,580 22,235 20,345
Car, truck or van - as a driver 25,700 15,900 9,795
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,295 920 2,370
Public transit 11,890 4,745 7,140
Walked 1,075 365 710
Bicycle 235 140 95
Other methods 385 165 230
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 42,580 22,235 20,345
Median commuting duration 30.6 30.6 30.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 42,580 22,240 20,345
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,735 4,450 3,285
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 24,110 12,030 12,080
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,740 5,760 4,980
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 29,390 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 27,830 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,565 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 29,390 ... ...
1960 or before 1,095 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,770 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,510 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,300 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,540 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,175 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 29,390 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,495 ... ...
5 rooms 5,020 ... ...
6 rooms 4,940 ... ...
7 rooms 4,325 ... ...
8 or more rooms 6,610 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 29,390 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 2,920 ... ...
2 bedrooms 5,535 ... ...
3 bedrooms 10,320 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,615 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 29,390 ... ...
Owner 23,590 ... ...
Renter 5,800 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 29,390 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 8,240 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 21,145 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 29,390 ... ...
1 household maintainer 16,050 ... ...
2 household maintainers 11,375 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,970 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 29,390 ... ...
Under 25 years 490 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,490 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,585 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,855 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,520 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,700 ... ...
75 years and over 2,750 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 29,390 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 26,500 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,890 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 29,390 ... ...
Suitable 24,095 ... ...
Not suitable 5,295 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 29,370 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 19,360 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 10,005 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,430 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 23,590 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 32.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,216 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,223 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,080 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 362,416 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 5,795 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,049 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 979 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 83,525 40,110 43,410
Without income 6,325 2,915 3,410
With income 77,200 37,195 40,005
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 12,120 5,880 6,240
$5,000 to $9,999 6,905 2,780 4,130
$10,000 to $14,999 8,810 3,535 5,275
$15,000 to $19,999 10,145 4,550 5,595
$20,000 to $29,999 11,545 5,265 6,275
$30,000 to $39,999 8,545 4,350 4,195
$40,000 to $49,999 6,705 3,535 3,165
$50,000 to $59,999 4,030 2,295 1,735
$60,000 to $79,999 4,580 2,685 1,895
$80,000 to $99,999 2,250 1,240 1,010
$100,000 and over 1,575 1,085 490
$100,000 to $124,999 950 655 305
$125,000 and over 625 435 190
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 20,482 23,414 18,395
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,323 31,187 25,660
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 83,525 40,110 43,410
Without after-tax income 6,305 2,920 3,390
With after-tax income 77,215 37,195 40,020
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 12,190 5,895 6,290
$5,000 to $9,999 6,970 2,800 4,165
$10,000 to $14,999 9,040 3,615 5,425
$15,000 to $19,999 10,625 4,725 5,900
$20,000 to $29,999 13,060 6,140 6,925
$30,000 to $39,999 9,980 5,190 4,790
$40,000 to $49,999 6,450 3,505 2,945
$50,000 to $59,999 3,745 2,190 1,560
$60,000 to $79,999 3,570 2,090 1,485
$80,000 to $99,999 1,080 695 390
$100,000 and over 505 360 150
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 19,886 22,368 18,047
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,133 27,360 23,064
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 82.7 86.3 78.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.4 77.8 70.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.3 73.9 68.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.1 4.0 2.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.7 2.3 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.3 4.8 3.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.3 1.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 17.3 13.7 21.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.7 2.7 2.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.6 3.5 5.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.3 2.0 2.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.8 0.3 5.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.9 5.2 4.6
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 11.2 12.3 10.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 88.7 87.7 89.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.9 0.7 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 24,935 13,675 11,260
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 39,805 40,786 37,561
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 45,095 47,271 42,452
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,085 ... ...
Median family income ($) 63,458 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,385 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,067 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,895 ... ...
Average family size 3.6 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 4,990 ... ...
Median family income ($) 45,803 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,419 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 43,672 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 51,394 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 15,195 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,761 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,993 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,350 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,370 ... ...
Average family size 4.3 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,495 ... ...
Median family income ($) 48,678 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,175 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,895 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,203 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 7,195 3,510 3,685
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 18,266 17,632 18,609
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,936 26,256 27,583
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 18,001 17,503 18,428
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,548 22,780 24,279
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 100,175 48,585 51,590
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 62,230 30,010 32,215
In bottom decile 11,830 5,735 6,095
In second decile 14,165 6,545 7,615
In third decile 13,495 6,630 6,865
In fourth decile 12,075 5,920 6,155
In fifth decile 10,665 5,180 5,490
In top half of the Canadian distribution 37,945 18,575 19,370
In sixth decile 9,650 4,620 5,030
In seventh decile 7,870 3,835 4,040
In eighth decile 7,680 3,795 3,890
In ninth decile 7,495 3,700 3,795
In top decile 5,255 2,635 2,620
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 29,390 ... ...
Under $5,000 715 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 540 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 635 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,235 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,355 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,945 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,075 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,795 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,450 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,535 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,845 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,685 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 29,390 ... ...
Under $5,000 725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 540 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 645 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,265 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,550 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,245 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,665 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,010 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,870 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,515 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,345 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,415 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,935 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 29,390 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 61,350 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 74,397 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,751 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,031 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 3,495 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 27,143 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 36,466 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 24,857 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,392 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 25,890 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 66,847 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 79,523 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,938 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,712 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 100,180 48,585 51,585
Less than 18 years 20,880 10,710 10,175
Less than 6 years 6,520 3,475 3,050
18 to 64 years 66,340 31,930 34,410
65 years and over 12,955 5,955 7,005
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 18,325 8,650 9,680
Less than 18 years 5,035 2,555 2,485
Less than 6 years 1,665 870 795
18 to 64 years 11,755 5,490 6,265
65 years and over 1,530 605 930
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 18.3 17.8 18.8
Less than 18 years (%) 24.1 23.9 24.4
Less than 6 years (%) 25.5 25.0 26.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.7 17.2 18.2
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.2 13.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Scarborough North, Ontario (Code 35096) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 8, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Scarborough North, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Scarborough North, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Scarborough North
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 101,080 48,760 52,325
0 to 4 years 5,350 2,710 2,640
5 to 9 years 5,300 2,685 2,610
10 to 14 years 5,870 2,965 2,910
15 to 19 years 6,910 3,545 3,365
15 years 1,370 715 660
16 years 1,445 730 715
17 years 1,360 710 650
18 years 1,425 720 705
19 years 1,305 670 635
20 to 24 years 7,490 3,850 3,640
25 to 29 years 7,405 3,650 3,755
30 to 34 years 6,045 2,855 3,195
35 to 39 years 6,295 2,895 3,400
40 to 44 years 7,155 3,305 3,845
45 to 49 years 8,500 4,040 4,460
50 to 54 years 7,625 3,675 3,950
55 to 59 years 6,925 3,300 3,620
60 to 64 years 6,225 3,005 3,220
65 to 69 years 4,175 1,970 2,205
70 to 74 years 3,425 1,555 1,870
75 to 79 years 2,740 1,270 1,465
80 to 84 years 2,005 870 1,140
85 years and over 1,640 605 1,035
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.9 38.7 40.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.7 82.8 84.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 84,565 40,395 44,170
Married or living with a common-law partner 48,105 23,980 24,125
Married (and not separated) 46,085 22,975 23,110
Living common law 2,020 1,010 1,010
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 36,460 16,420 20,040
Single (never legally married) 25,475 13,135 12,340
Separated 2,085 795 1,290
Divorced 4,380 1,665 2,715
Widowed 4,520 825 3,695
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 28,415 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 10,425 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,875 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,165 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,950 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 28,415 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 22,755 ... ...
Married couples 21,745 ... ...
Without children at home 6,715 ... ...
With children at home 15,035 ... ...
1 child 5,940 ... ...
2 children 6,385 ... ...
3 or more children 2,700 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,010 ... ...
Without children at home 445 ... ...
With children at home 565 ... ...
1 child 260 ... ...
2 children 220 ... ...
3 or more children 90 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,665 ... ...
Female parent 4,555 ... ...
1 child 2,575 ... ...
2 children 1,360 ... ...
3 or more children 620 ... ...
Male parent 1,105 ... ...
1 child 695 ... ...
2 children 315 ... ...
3 or more children 95 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 37,580 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,410 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,975 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,010 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,565 ... ...
25 years and over 8,610 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 100,230 48,475 51,760
Number of persons not in census families 11,485 4,915 6,575
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,305 1,470 2,830
Living with non-relatives only 3,725 2,025 1,695
Living alone 3,465 1,415 2,045
Number of census family persons 88,745 43,560 45,185
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,220 6,025 7,195
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,355 770 2,585
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,735 310 1,425
Living with non-relatives only 250 100 140
Living alone 1,370 350 1,020
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,865 5,255 4,605
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 29,400 ... ...
Census-family households 25,115 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 18,520 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 15,170 ... ...
Without children 4,245 ... ...
With children 10,930 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,350 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 6,590 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,605 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,750 ... ...
Without children 565 ... ...
With children 2,185 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 855 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 2,990 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,285 ... ...
One-person households 3,465 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 825 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 29,400 ... ...
Single-detached house 11,875 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 6,530 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 10 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 10,985 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,590 ... ...
Row house 4,510 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,145 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,570 ... ...
Other single-attached house 165 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 29,405 ... ...
1 person 3,460 ... ...
2 persons 6,680 ... ...
3 persons 6,255 ... ...
4 persons 6,410 ... ...
5 persons 3,405 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,190 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 100,235 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,615 48,620 52,000
  Single responses  96,670 46,680 49,995
    English  30,080 14,855 15,220
    French  415 195 220
    Non-official languages  66,175 31,630 34,555
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 65,880 31,490 34,390
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  70 40 30
        Albanian  20 10 10
        Amharic  75 30 45
        Arabic  735 380 355
        Armenian  170 75 90
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 10 20
        Bengali  375 185 185
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  130 55 75
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  15 10 10
        Burmese  20 10 15
        Cantonese  17,590 8,120 9,465
        Chinese, n.o.s.  13,315 6,365 6,955
        Creoles  90 45 45
        Croatian  15 10 10
        Czech  20 15 10
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  50 20 25
        Estonian  15 5 10
        Finnish  20 10 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  435 210 220
        German  195 90 110
        Greek  545 250 290
        Gujarati  2,140 1,080 1,060
        Hakka  525 235 290
        Hebrew  5 0 0
        Hindi  680 330 350
        Hungarian  70 40 35
        Ilocano  125 55 70
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Italian  520 265 260
        Japanese  100 40 60
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 10 5
        Korean  160 70 95
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  25 15 10
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 5 0
        Macedonian  190 100 85
        Malay  105 55 55
        Malayalam  160 70 90
        Maltese  10 5 10
        Mandarin  6,720 3,290 3,430
        Marathi  50 30 20
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  995 520 475
        Pashto  160 75 80
        Persian (Farsi)  560 275 285
        Polish  120 60 60
        Portuguese  190 90 95
        Romanian  75 40 35
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  55 25 30
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Serbian  30 15 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  90 45 45
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Sindhi  140 65 75
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  245 115 125
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 0
        Slovenian  20 15 10
        Somali  100 50 50
        Spanish  610 310 300
        Swahili  35 15 20
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  3,360 1,480 1,880
        Taiwanese  85 40 45
        Tamil  9,905 4,845 5,060
        Telugu  115 65 50
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  10 5 10
        Turkish  30 20 10
        Ukrainian  60 25 40
        Urdu  2,700 1,365 1,335
        Vietnamese  440 200 240
        Yiddish  0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 295 135 160
  Multiple responses          3,945 1,940 2,005
    English and French  110 60 50
    English and non-official language  3,685 1,815 1,870
    French and non-official language  70 35 35
    English, French and non-official language 75 35 45
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,615 48,620 52,000
  English only 80,980 40,215 40,770
  French only 80 45 40
  English and French 4,075 1,755 2,320
  Neither English nor French 15,480 6,605 8,875
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,615 48,615 52,000
  English 83,995 41,490 42,505
  French 535 260 275
  English and French 815 360 455
  Neither English nor French 15,270 6,510 8,765
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 945 445 505
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 0.9 0.9 1.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,620 48,615 52,000
  Single responses 90,410 43,610 46,800
    English 39,385 19,305 20,080
    French 250 125 120
    Non-official languages 50,780 24,180 26,595
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 50,665 24,130 26,535
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 30 15 15
        Albanian 10 5 0
        Amharic 30 10 20
        Arabic 385 185 195
        Armenian 105 50 55
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 255 125 130
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 35 15 15
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 10 5 10
        Burmese 10 5 0
        Cantonese 16,030 7,375 8,650
        Chinese, n.o.s. 10,440 4,990 5,450
        Creoles 55 25 30
        Croatian 5 0 0
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 5
        Estonian 5 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 125 50 75
        German 30 10 20
        Greek 310 145 160
        Gujarati 1,450 715 735
        Hakka 265 120 150
        Hebrew 0 5 0
        Hindi 410 210 200
        Hungarian 25 15 15
        Ilocano 45 25 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 225 105 115
        Japanese 50 25 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0
        Korean 125 55 70
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 10 5 10
        Latvian 5 5 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 120 60 60
        Malay 40 20 20
        Malayalam 75 35 35
        Maltese 5 0 5
        Mandarin 6,105 3,060 3,045
        Marathi 30 15 15
        Nepali 5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 640 315 330
        Pashto 85 40 45
        Persian (Farsi) 410 200 210
        Polish 65 25 35
        Portuguese 75 35 45
        Romanian 45 20 20
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 40 20 15
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Serbian 10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
        Shanghainese 55 30 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5
        Sindhi 55 25 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 40 60
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 30 10 20
        Spanish 335 170 160
        Swahili 5 0 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,610 725 885
        Taiwanese 40 20 25
        Tamil 7,940 3,850 4,085
        Telugu 45 20 25
        Thai 5 5 5
        Tibetan languages 5 0 5
        Tigrigna 10 0 5
        Turkish 15 10 5
        Ukrainian 35 15 20
        Urdu 1,825 895 930
        Vietnamese 230 105 130
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 110 45 60
  Multiple responses         10,205 5,005 5,200
    English and French 100 40 65
    English and non-official language 9,920 4,875 5,050
    French and non-official language 40 25 15
    English, French and non-official language 145 65 80
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,615 48,615 52,005
  None 70,655 33,865 36,790
  Single responses  29,550 14,555 14,995
    English  16,270 8,085 8,185
    French  375 170 210
    Non-official languages  12,900 6,300 6,600
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,780 6,245 6,535
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  30 15 10
        Albanian  0 0 5
        Amharic  30 10 20
        Arabic  305 170 140
        Armenian  40 20 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Bengali  85 45 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  40 15 20
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  2,595 1,260 1,330
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,395 685 710
        Creoles  100 40 60
        Croatian  10 5 5
        Czech  15 5 10
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  10 5 5
        Estonian  10 0 10
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  210 110 105
        German  75 30 40
        Greek  245 125 125
        Gujarati  430 215 215
        Hakka  150 75 80
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  480 245 235
        Hungarian  30 20 15
        Ilocano  20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Italian  175 85 95
        Japanese  45 20 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 5 5
        Korean  25 10 15
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  10 10 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  45 25 25
        Malay  35 15 15
        Malayalam  85 40 50
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  1,090 500 590
        Marathi  10 10 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  260 150 100
        Pashto  30 15 20
        Persian (Farsi)  100 55 45
        Polish  40 25 15
        Portuguese  65 30 25
        Romanian  25 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  10 5 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  25 15 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  55 25 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  115 60 55
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  5 5 5
        Somali  35 20 20
        Spanish  200 110 90
        Swahili  45 15 25
        Swedish  0 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,185 520 665
        Taiwanese  25 10 10
        Tamil  1,785 900 885
        Telugu  30 15 10
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  5 0 5
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  15 10 5
        Ukrainian  10 5 5
        Urdu  600 300 300
        Vietnamese  150 70 80
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 120 50 70
  Multiple responses          415 200 210
    English and French  40 20 20
    English and non-official language  270 130 140
    French and non-official language  100 50 55
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Scarborough North, Ontario (Code 35096) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 8, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Scarborough North (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Scarborough North, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Scarborough North, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Scarborough North (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census