NHS Profile, Scarborough Southwest, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Scarborough Southwest, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Scarborough Southwest
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 104,605 50,375 54,225
Canadian citizens 92,455 44,810 47,640
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,950 10,080 9,865
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 72,505 34,735 37,775
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 12,150 5,565 6,585
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 104,605 50,375 54,225
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 55,665 27,605 28,060
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 47,510 22,055 25,455
Before 1971 7,020 3,275 3,745
1971 to 1980 4,650 2,340 2,305
1981 to 1990 6,895 3,095 3,800
1991 to 2000 12,190 5,550 6,645
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 16,755 7,790 8,965
2001 to 2005 7,900 3,625 4,280
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,855 4,170 4,690
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,430 715 710
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 47,510 22,055 25,455
Under 5 years 4,150 1,990 2,160
5 to 14 years 7,815 3,890 3,920
15 to 24 years 10,075 4,350 5,725
25 to 44 years 20,880 9,860 11,010
45 years and over 4,595 1,950 2,645
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 104,605 50,375 54,225
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 55,670 27,605 28,060
Born in province of residence 50,150 25,090 25,060
Born outside province of residence 5,510 2,515 3,000
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 47,510 22,050 25,455
Americas 7,750 3,345 4,405
United States 855 360 490
Jamaica 1,570 540 1,025
Guyana 2,195 905 1,285
Haiti 110 70 40
Mexico 40 30 20
Trinidad and Tobago 1,150 595 560
Colombia 120 60 60
El Salvador 180 85 95
Peru 75 30 45
Chile 50 30 0
Other places of birth in Americas 1,410 640 770
Europe 9,810 4,755 5,060
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,110 1,020 1,090
Italy 1,435 745 695
Germany 645 280 365
Poland 415 180 240
Portugal 295 145 155
Netherlands 90 50 35
France 135 55 80
Romania 245 100 145
Russian Federation 340 150 190
Greece 1,285 655 630
Ukraine 110 65 50
Croatia 30 0 25
Hungary 330 105 230
Bosnia and Herzegovina 105 75 30
Serbia 200 110 90
Ireland, Republic of 320 190 135
Other places of birth in Europe 1,725 830 890
Africa 3,215 1,505 1,710
Morocco 25 0 30
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 150 85 65
South Africa, Republic of 125 80 40
Nigeria 230 80 145
Ethiopia 935 435 495
Kenya 140 55 85
Other places of birth in Africa 1,615 765 850
Asia 26,605 12,400 14,210
India 2,155 1,055 1,100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,160 1,435 1,725
Philippines 6,810 2,690 4,120
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 605 255 350
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 555 230 325
Pakistan 1,710 750 960
Sri Lanka 3,225 1,585 1,640
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 305 200 105
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 170 65 105
Lebanon 40 30 0
Taiwan 100 25 75
Iraq 220 125 95
Bangladesh 5,430 2,865 2,565
Afghanistan 640 350 290
Japan 110 50 65
Turkey 65 40 25
Other places of birth in Asia 1,300 645 650
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 130 55 75
Fiji 50 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 80 45 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,425 715 710
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,855 4,170 4,685
Americas 1,010 505 505
United States 205 125 75
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 30 0 0
Haiti 85 50 35
Jamaica 170 90 85
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 55 25 30
Guyana 120 55 60
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 325 125 200
Europe 595 270 325
France 40 25 15
Germany 35 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 50 15 30
Ukraine 30 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 30 25 0
Other places of birth in Europe 400 165 230
Africa 680 270 410
Nigeria 75 20 55
Ethiopia 185 125 55
Mauritius 10 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 20 0 0
Morocco 15 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 50 25 25
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 250 55 205
Asia 6,560 3,115 3,445
Philippines 1,620 690 930
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 360 150 210
India 715 380 340
Pakistan 540 200 345
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 40 15 20
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 525 230 295
Iraq 60 35 0
Bangladesh 2,210 1,165 1,045
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 15 0 0
Taiwan 25 0 20
Afghanistan 75 40 30
Japan 30 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 95 60 40
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 30 15 15
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 175 60 115
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 104,605 50,375 54,225
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 49,165 22,890 26,275
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 26,690 13,120 13,570
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 28,750 14,370 14,385
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 104,600 50,375 54,225
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 53,475 25,260 28,215
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 19,105 9,460 9,645
Chinese 6,615 3,150 3,465
Black 10,435 4,775 5,665
Filipino 8,750 3,705 5,045
Latin American 1,505 670 840
Arab 785 410 380
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,375 735 645
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,335 745 585
Korean 240 115 130
Japanese 340 115 225
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,340 590 750
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,655 795 855
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 51,125 25,120 26,005
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 104,600 50,375 54,225
North American Aboriginal origins 2,425 1,230 1,195
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,090 1,065 1,025
Inuit 40 25 0
Métis 320 150 165
Other North American origins 16,905 8,270 8,635
Acadian 105 65 35
American 920 455 465
Canadian 16,075 7,830 8,250
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 185 95 90
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 25 0 20
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 49,255 23,925 25,330
British Isles origins 30,285 14,720 15,560
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 100 0 70
English 16,765 8,225 8,540
Irish 13,205 6,185 7,020
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 12,570 6,155 6,415
Welsh 1,290 670 625
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,015 890 1,125
French origins 5,630 2,760 2,870
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 5,620 2,755 2,870
Western European origins (except French origins) 7,010 3,370 3,640
Austrian 410 220 195
Belgian 95 50 55
Dutch 1,625 835 790
Flemish 35 20 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,120 2,410 2,710
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 165 95 70
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,600 790 810
Danish 460 250 210
Finnish 360 150 210
Icelandic 85 35 50
Norwegian 355 185 165
Swedish 415 165 250
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 45 35 0
Eastern European origins 6,660 2,950 3,710
Bulgarian 190 75 115
Byelorussian 70 60 0
Czech 400 180 220
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 75 20 55
Estonian 255 115 145
Hungarian 970 325 640
Latvian 280 135 145
Lithuanian 100 45 55
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 2,105 965 1,145
Romanian 345 155 190
Russian 885 405 475
Slovak 270 170 100
Ukrainian 1,805 740 1,065
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 13,010 6,575 6,440
Albanian 280 115 165
Bosnian 25 20 0
Croatian 220 95 130
Cypriot 25 15 0
Greek 2,860 1,510 1,345
Italian 4,880 2,515 2,365
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 845 435 405
Maltese 90 40 50
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,660 765 895
Serbian 310 160 150
Sicilian 20 0 15
Slovenian 130 80 45
Spanish 2,170 1,055 1,120
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 285 140 145
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 755 345 405
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 465 215 250
Roma (Gypsy) 10 10 10
Slavic, n.o.s. 15 0 10
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 295 120 170
Caribbean origins 6,515 2,895 3,620
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 385 255 130
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 15 0 0
Cuban 100 50 55
Dominican 180 55 125
Grenadian 255 90 165
Haitian 220 140 80
Jamaican 3,315 1,395 1,920
Kittitian/Nevisian 75 20 55
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 70 60 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 940 465 475
Vincentian/Grenadinian 400 115 275
West Indian, n.o.s. 850 390 455
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 320 140 175
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,270 1,420 1,850
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 95 60 35
Argentinian 35 15 20
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 15 0 10
Brazilian 90 35 60
Chilean 75 45 35
Colombian 190 80 115
Costa Rican 60 0 0
Ecuadorian 100 70 30
Guatemalan 40 25 15
Guyanese 1,675 730 950
Hispanic 65 25 45
Honduran 80 0 65
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 120 50 65
Nicaraguan 100 20 80
Panamanian 25 0 30
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 95 40 50
Salvadorean 260 110 150
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 125 45 85
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 110 60 50
African origins 5,595 2,815 2,780
Central and West African origins 840 465 370
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 130 85 45
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 190 110 80
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 140 85 50
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 30 0 25
Ivorian 10 0 10
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 175 65 115
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 25 25
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 80 65 0
North African origins 435 220 215
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 185 95 90
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 90 25 65
Sudanese 25 0 15
Tunisian 75 50 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,655 1,230 1,420
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 45 20 25
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 20 10 0
Eritrean 350 165 185
Ethiopian 1,200 565 630
Harari 50 15 30
Kenyan 50 0 50
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 15 0 0
Oromo 85 45 35
Rwandan 75 20 55
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 475 230 245
South African 100 55 45
Tanzanian 60 35 30
Tigrian 10 0 0
Ugandan 95 35 55
Zambian 20 0 0
Zimbabwean 65 35 30
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 180 85 95
Other African origins 1,870 1,010 855
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 230 90 140
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,630 920 710
Asian origins 40,575 19,435 21,140
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,705 1,445 1,260
Afghan 960 470 490
Arab, n.o.s. 355 175 185
Armenian 130 65 65
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 25 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 475 295 180
Iraqi 210 115 90
Israeli 10 0 0
Jordanian 35 20 0
Kazakh 25 0 0
Kurd 190 130 65
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 155 90 65
Palestinian 40 35 0
Pashtun 20 0 0
Saudi Arabian 30 0 30
Syrian 55 45 0
Tajik 25 0 15
Tatar 20 0 0
Turk 90 60 30
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 20 0 10
Yemeni 35 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 75 20 55
South Asian origins 20,300 10,130 10,175
Bangladeshi 3,840 1,985 1,855
Bengali 1,795 950 840
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 8,075 4,040 4,035
Goan 130 40 90
Gujarati 25 0 0
Kashmiri 75 25 45
Nepali 200 95 105
Pakistani 1,620 785 840
Punjabi 170 75 95
Sinhalese 60 30 30
Sri Lankan 3,535 1,735 1,800
Tamil 1,115 485 630
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,365 700 665
East and Southeast Asian origins 17,835 7,940 9,895
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 7,955 3,735 4,220
Filipino 9,300 3,955 5,345
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 95 50 45
Japanese 415 155 260
Korean 275 125 150
Laotian 35 20 0
Malaysian 110 45 65
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 15 0 0
Taiwanese 20 0 0
Thai 40 20 25
Tibetan 35 0 25
Vietnamese 515 250 265
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 40 0 25
Other Asian origins 245 145 100
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 250 145 105
Oceania origins 175 80 90
Australian 95 45 45
New Zealander 60 30 30
Pacific Islands origins 20 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 104,600 50,375 54,225
Buddhist 1,605 760 845
Christian 58,510 26,775 31,735
Anglican 5,425 2,575 2,855
Baptist 1,550 695 855
Catholic 27,795 12,725 15,070
Christian Orthodox 4,425 2,195 2,225
Lutheran 780 315 470
Pentecostal 1,600 560 1,045
Presbyterian 1,655 740 915
United Church 3,785 1,605 2,180
Other Christian 11,490 5,375 6,115
Hindu 7,620 3,820 3,800
Jewish 310 165 145
Muslim 12,810 6,495 6,320
Sikh 220 120 95
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 570 230 335
No religious affiliation 22,935 12,000 10,935
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 104,600 50,375 54,225
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,490 695 795
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,135 535 605
Métis single identity 305 135 170
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 30 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 103,110 49,680 53,430
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 104,605 50,375 54,225
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 560 255 305
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 104,040 50,115 53,925
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 104,605 50,375 54,225
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,425 1,225 1,200
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,090 1,065 1,025
Métis ancestry 320 155 165
Inuit ancestry 35 25 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 102,180 49,150 53,030
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 47,575 22,545 25,035
Aboriginal languages 15 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,565 22,535 25,030
Italian 2,390 1,175 1,215
Portuguese 535 235 300
Romanian 270 130 135
Spanish 2,065 960 1,105
Dutch 130 50 75
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,410 660 750
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 35 0 0
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 30 0 15
Afrikaans 25 0 0
Gaelic languages 40 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 160 65 90
Croatian 105 55 50
Czech 275 145 130
Macedonian 815 425 385
Polish 575 225 350
Russian 865 445 420
Serbian 265 145 125
Serbo-Croatian 75 35 35
Slovak 65 45 20
Slovenian 30 10 20
Ukrainian 165 60 100
Latvian 175 95 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 2,220 1,150 1,070
Armenian 90 40 50
Albanian 245 100 145
Estonian 100 45 50
Finnish 110 0 75
Hungarian 545 185 360
Turkish 110 65 45
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 135 80 50
Somali 350 140 210
Amharic 1,095 535 560
Arabic 1,200 640 555
Hebrew 15 0 0
Maltese 20 0 0
Tigrigna 365 160 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40
Bengali 7,135 3,690 3,450
Gujarati 450 230 225
Hindi 2,565 1,350 1,215
Konkani 70 25 45
Marathi 35 20 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 795 365 435
Sindhi 310 120 195
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 460 220 240
Urdu 2,635 1,305 1,330
Nepali 215 105 105
Kurdish 150 95 60
Pashto 230 150 85
Persian (Farsi) 1,285 665 620
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40
Kannada 35 30 0
Malayalam 180 105 75
Tamil 4,220 2,045 2,175
Telugu 310 195 115
Japanese 260 135 125
Korean 185 80 105
Cantonese 2,850 1,385 1,470
Fukien 35 20 15
Hakka 20 0 20
Mandarin 1,590 720 865
Taiwanese 20 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,925 915 1,010
Lao 15 0 0
Thai 40 20 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 450 225 230
Bisayan languages 235 105 130
Ilocano 540 245 300
Malay 110 45 60
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 7,155 2,860 4,290
Akan (Twi) 30 20 0
Lingala 110 60 60
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 65 20 45
Swahili 175 75 100
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 70 100
African languages, n.i.e. 80 25 50
Creoles 280 155 125
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 525 185 340
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 103,255 49,725 53,530
Non-movers 91,475 43,815 47,660
Movers 11,780 5,910 5,875
Non-migrants 8,585 4,300 4,275
Migrants 3,195 1,605 1,595
Internal migrants 1,155 620 535
Intraprovincial migrants 880 500 380
Interprovincial migrants 275 125 150
External migrants 2,040 980 1,060
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 98,290 47,295 50,995
Non-movers 59,230 27,995 31,235
Movers 39,060 19,290 19,760
Non-migrants 27,460 13,705 13,755
Migrants 11,595 5,585 6,010
Internal migrants 4,205 2,030 2,175
Intraprovincial migrants 3,455 1,665 1,795
Interprovincial migrants 750 370 380
External migrants 7,385 3,555 3,835
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 86,240 41,220 45,015
No certificate, diploma or degree 16,890 7,920 8,965
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 24,685 11,845 12,845
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 44,660 21,455 23,205
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,470 3,585 1,880
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,115 6,435 8,680
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,365 1,935 2,430
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 19,715 9,500 10,215
Bachelor's degree 12,455 5,640 6,815
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,260 3,865 3,395
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 59,645 28,420 31,225
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,255 3,360 3,895
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 15,385 7,460 7,930
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 37,000 17,595 19,410
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,000 2,510 1,490
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,355 5,290 7,065
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,440 1,525 1,910
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,205 8,265 8,940
Bachelor's degree 10,700 4,815 5,885
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,510 3,450 3,060
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 86,235 41,220 45,015
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 41,575 19,765 21,810
Education 2,415 540 1,870
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,225 1,210 1,015
Humanities 3,420 1,270 2,150
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,705 1,920 3,785
Business, management and public administration 10,780 4,355 6,425
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,775 885 890
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,560 1,740 820
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,930 7,150 770
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 625 430 190
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,440 1,105 4,335
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,790 845 945
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 86,235 41,220 45,015
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,575 19,770 21,810
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 44,660 21,455 23,205
Location of study inside Canada 29,395 13,775 15,620
Same as province or territory of residence 27,885 13,060 14,825
Another province or territory 1,510 710 795
Location of study outside Canada 15,270 7,680 7,585
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 55,190 28,075 27,125
Single responses 54,505 27,755 26,755
English 53,420 27,305 26,115
French 165 50 115
Non-official languages 920 395 525
Chinese, n.o.s. 155 90 65
Cantonese 310 140 170
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 40 20 20
Spanish 35 0 30
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 335 120 215
Multiple responses 690 315 370
English and French 210 70 140
English and non-official language 475 245 230
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 55,190 28,070 27,120
English 53,420 27,305 26,115
French 170 45 115
Non-official language 920 395 520
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 920 395 520
English and French 210 70 140
English and non-official language 475 245 230
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 86,235 41,220 45,015
In the labour force 53,580 27,280 26,295
Employed 47,355 24,010 23,345
Unemployed 6,225 3,270 2,950
Not in the labour force 32,660 13,940 18,715
Participation rate 62.1 66.2 58.4
Employment rate 54.9 58.2 51.9
Unemployment rate 11.6 12.0 11.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 53,580 27,280 26,295
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,800 1,405 1,390
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,775 25,875 24,905
Employee 46,585 23,025 23,555
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,200 2,850 1,350
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 53,580 27,280 26,300
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,800 1,405 1,390
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,780 25,880 24,905
0 Management occupations 4,645 2,795 1,850
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,840 3,190 6,655
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,600 2,885 715
3 Health occupations 2,760 530 2,235
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,745 1,535 4,210
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,940 895 1,045
6 Sales and service occupations 13,835 6,895 6,940
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,695 5,365 325
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 350 270 80
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,370 1,515 855
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 53,580 27,280 26,295
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,800 1,405 1,395
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,780 25,880 24,900
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 65 40 25
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 120 55 65
22 Utilities 210 155 50
23 Construction 2,630 2,420 210
31-33 Manufacturing 3,610 2,585 1,025
41 Wholesale trade 2,230 1,415 820
44-45 Retail trade 5,710 2,790 2,915
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,460 2,035 430
51 Information and cultural industries 2,290 1,170 1,120
52 Finance and insurance 4,190 1,690 2,495
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,120 675 440
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,940 2,080 1,860
55 Management of companies and enterprises 65 0 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,985 1,825 1,160
61 Educational services 3,360 1,145 2,215
62 Health care and social assistance 5,495 975 4,520
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 915 540 380
72 Accommodation and food services 4,010 1,995 2,010
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,645 935 1,710
91 Public administration 2,730 1,320 1,410
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 53,580 27,280 26,295
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,720 2,355 2,370
Worked in 2010 48,860 24,930 23,930
1 to 13 weeks 2,580 1,270 1,310
14 to 26 weeks 4,185 2,305 1,885
27 to 39 weeks 3,190 1,655 1,525
40 to 48 weeks 7,680 3,750 3,935
49 to 52 weeks 31,225 15,955 15,275
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.4 44.2 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 53,580 27,280 26,295
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,720 2,355 2,370
Worked in 2010 48,860 24,930 23,930
Worked full-time in 2010 38,600 20,665 17,935
Worked part-time in 2010 10,260 4,260 5,995
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 47,355 24,010 23,345
Worked at home 2,320 1,075 1,245
Worked outside Canada 110 80 35
No fixed workplace address 5,540 4,095 1,445
Worked at usual place 39,380 18,765 20,620
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 44,925 22,860 22,065
Car, truck or van - as a driver 22,685 14,175 8,510
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,000 595 1,405
Public transit 18,215 7,205 11,010
Walked 1,280 470 810
Bicycle 275 215 60
Other methods 470 190 275
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 44,920 22,860 22,065
Median commuting duration 30.9 30.9 30.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 44,920 22,860 22,065
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 9,580 5,830 3,750
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 24,840 11,380 13,460
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,505 5,650 4,855
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 40,750 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 36,440 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,310 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 40,745 ... ...
1960 or before 19,590 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,095 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,815 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,680 ... ...
2001 to 2005 610 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,955 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 40,745 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 16,285 ... ...
5 rooms 6,855 ... ...
6 rooms 5,730 ... ...
7 rooms 4,370 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,510 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 40,745 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 9,725 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,705 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,115 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,205 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 40,745 ... ...
Owner 22,980 ... ...
Renter 17,770 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 40,750 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,135 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 36,610 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 40,750 ... ...
1 household maintainer 26,120 ... ...
2 household maintainers 13,365 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,260 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 40,745 ... ...
Under 25 years 925 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,970 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,185 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,385 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,870 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,335 ... ...
75 years and over 4,080 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 40,745 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 38,190 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,560 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 40,745 ... ...
Suitable 34,630 ... ...
Not suitable 6,115 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 40,610 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 26,920 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 13,690 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,305 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 22,980 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 26.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,283 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,305 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 375,663 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 411,007 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 17,770 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 26.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 861 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 812 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 86,235 41,220 45,015
Without income 6,105 3,005 3,110
With income 80,130 38,220 41,910
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 10,140 5,435 4,705
$5,000 to $9,999 6,820 2,645 4,175
$10,000 to $14,999 8,685 3,835 4,845
$15,000 to $19,999 8,320 3,165 5,160
$20,000 to $29,999 11,510 5,125 6,385
$30,000 to $39,999 9,230 4,375 4,855
$40,000 to $49,999 7,465 3,725 3,740
$50,000 to $59,999 5,265 3,015 2,255
$60,000 to $79,999 6,420 3,395 3,030
$80,000 to $99,999 3,160 1,555 1,610
$100,000 and over 3,105 1,955 1,150
$100,000 to $124,999 1,445 885 565
$125,000 and over 1,660 1,075 585
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 24,624 27,169 22,562
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,331 38,783 32,183
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 86,240 41,220 45,015
Without after-tax income 6,140 3,000 3,135
With after-tax income 80,095 38,215 41,880
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,195 5,450 4,750
$5,000 to $9,999 6,875 2,670 4,205
$10,000 to $14,999 8,850 3,910 4,940
$15,000 to $19,999 8,875 3,450 5,425
$20,000 to $29,999 13,245 6,045 7,200
$30,000 to $39,999 10,800 5,240 5,560
$40,000 to $49,999 8,110 4,315 3,795
$50,000 to $59,999 4,840 2,580 2,255
$60,000 to $79,999 5,375 2,705 2,670
$80,000 to $99,999 1,535 960 570
$100,000 and over 1,400 900 505
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 23,402 25,581 21,809
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,129 32,475 27,989
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.1 87.6 80.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.2 77.3 70.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.6 72.8 68.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.6 4.5 2.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.7 2.7 2.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.8 6.5 5.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.1 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.9 12.5 19.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.4 3.2 3.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.4 2.6 4.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 1.4 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.2 0.1 4.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 5.2 5.1 5.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.8 16.3 13.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.2 83.7 86.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.2 1.6 0.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 27,090 14,400 12,690
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,665 47,001 44,083
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 55,566 59,098 51,558
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 28,080 ... ...
Median family income ($) 65,426 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,371 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,421 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,051 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 7,125 ... ...
Median family income ($) 63,271 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,014 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,068 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,204 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,185 ... ...
Median family income ($) 81,823 ... ...
Average family income ($) 98,897 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,186 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,492 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 6,380 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,149 ... ...
Average family income ($) 50,098 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,155 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,118 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 15,580 7,640 7,935
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,572 22,909 24,218
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,250 33,217 33,282
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,583 21,833 23,269
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,643 28,349 28,926
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 104,600 50,380 54,225
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 61,755 29,235 32,520
In bottom decile 16,590 8,305 8,290
In second decile 13,165 5,845 7,320
In third decile 11,435 5,105 6,330
In fourth decile 10,080 4,750 5,330
In fifth decile 10,480 5,230 5,245
In top half of the Canadian distribution 42,850 21,140 21,705
In sixth decile 8,850 4,405 4,450
In seventh decile 9,170 4,500 4,670
In eighth decile 8,530 4,145 4,385
In ninth decile 8,795 4,320 4,475
In top decile 7,500 3,775 3,730
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 40,745 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,490 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,125 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,130 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,490 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,420 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,160 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,040 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,325 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,105 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,985 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,165 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,900 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,410 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 40,745 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,505 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,170 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,585 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,810 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,840 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,620 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,655 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,745 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,700 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,000 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,690 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,310 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 40,745 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 51,538 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 69,478 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 46,973 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 59,226 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 11,570 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 26,852 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 35,767 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,062 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,732 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,180 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 65,453 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 82,847 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,445 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,527 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 104,600 50,380 54,225
Less than 18 years 22,365 11,385 10,980
Less than 6 years 7,570 3,745 3,830
18 to 64 years 69,320 33,495 35,825
65 years and over 12,920 5,500 7,420
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 24,680 11,785 12,895
Less than 18 years 7,060 3,655 3,400
Less than 6 years 2,580 1,320 1,260
18 to 64 years 15,940 7,600 8,335
65 years and over 1,685 530 1,155
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 23.6 23.4 23.8
Less than 18 years (%) 31.6 32.1 31.0
Less than 6 years (%) 34.1 35.2 32.9
18 to 64 years (%) 23.0 22.7 23.3
65 years and over (%) 13.0 9.6 15.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Scarborough Southwest, Ontario (Code 35098) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 23, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Scarborough Southwest, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Scarborough Southwest, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Scarborough Southwest
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 106,735 51,365 55,370
0 to 4 years 6,315 3,230 3,085
5 to 9 years 5,855 2,970 2,880
10 to 14 years 6,285 3,205 3,080
15 to 19 years 6,980 3,605 3,370
15 years 1,405 720 680
16 years 1,400 715 680
17 years 1,365 735 630
18 years 1,425 730 695
19 years 1,390 710 685
20 to 24 years 6,670 3,365 3,300
25 to 29 years 6,660 3,115 3,550
30 to 34 years 6,805 3,120 3,685
35 to 39 years 7,145 3,335 3,815
40 to 44 years 8,195 4,025 4,165
45 to 49 years 9,450 4,645 4,810
50 to 54 years 8,800 4,325 4,480
55 to 59 years 7,245 3,555 3,690
60 to 64 years 5,900 2,840 3,060
65 to 69 years 3,875 1,805 2,070
70 to 74 years 3,095 1,340 1,755
75 to 79 years 2,750 1,210 1,540
80 to 84 years 2,330 935 1,395
85 years and over 2,385 730 1,655
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.4 39.6 41.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.7 81.7 83.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 88,280 41,955 46,325
Married or living with a common-law partner 45,055 22,460 22,600
Married (and not separated) 39,450 19,665 19,790
Living common law 5,605 2,795 2,810
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 43,225 19,495 23,735
Single (never legally married) 28,495 14,820 13,680
Separated 3,195 1,300 1,895
Divorced 6,025 2,320 3,705
Widowed 5,510 1,055 4,455
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 28,715 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,655 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,235 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,275 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,545 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 28,715 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,615 ... ...
Married couples 18,825 ... ...
Without children at home 6,595 ... ...
With children at home 12,235 ... ...
1 child 4,730 ... ...
2 children 5,335 ... ...
3 or more children 2,160 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,790 ... ...
Without children at home 1,660 ... ...
With children at home 1,130 ... ...
1 child 595 ... ...
2 children 390 ... ...
3 or more children 140 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 7,100 ... ...
Female parent 5,935 ... ...
1 child 3,580 ... ...
2 children 1,645 ... ...
3 or more children 700 ... ...
Male parent 1,170 ... ...
1 child 820 ... ...
2 children 260 ... ...
3 or more children 90 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 35,365 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,410 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,885 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,020 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,440 ... ...
25 years and over 5,605 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 104,565 50,480 54,080
Number of persons not in census families 18,865 8,920 9,945
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,440 1,295 2,145
Living with non-relatives only 3,915 2,245 1,670
Living alone 11,510 5,380 6,135
Number of census family persons 85,695 41,560 44,135
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,910 5,585 7,325
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,960 1,540 3,420
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,050 195 860
Living with non-relatives only 335 165 170
Living alone 3,575 1,180 2,395
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,945 4,045 3,900
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 40,720 ... ...
Census-family households 27,425 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 23,585 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 18,105 ... ...
Without children 6,835 ... ...
With children 11,265 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,480 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,840 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,620 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,705 ... ...
Without children 530 ... ...
With children 1,170 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 915 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,220 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,295 ... ...
One-person households 11,510 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,785 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 40,720 ... ...
Single-detached house 14,970 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 13,805 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 0 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 11,940 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,355 ... ...
Row house 1,835 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,965 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,460 ... ...
Other single-attached house 330 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 40,720 ... ...
1 person 11,515 ... ...
2 persons 11,605 ... ...
3 persons 7,145 ... ...
4 persons 6,365 ... ...
5 persons 2,580 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,510 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 104,560 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,175 50,740 54,430
  Single responses  101,430 48,960 52,475
    English  60,775 29,565 31,215
    French  1,365 640 725
    Non-official languages  39,295 18,750 20,540
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 5 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  20 5 15
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 38,960 18,610 20,355
        African languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  80 35 45
        Albanian  215 100 115
        Amharic  645 270 375
        Arabic  745 415 330
        Armenian  55 30 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 45 20 20
        Bengali  6,180 3,165 3,015
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  265 115 155
        Bosnian  40 15 20
        Bulgarian  165 70 95
        Burmese  20 5 15
        Cantonese  2,295 1,090 1,210
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,875 880 995
        Creoles  150 70 80
        Croatian  85 40 45
        Czech  95 50 50
        Danish  25 10 10
        Dutch  95 50 45
        Estonian  85 35 50
        Finnish  75 25 45
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  35 15 15
        German  720 330 385
        Greek  1,440 710 730
        Gujarati  345 175 170
        Hakka  40 20 20
        Hebrew  20 15 10
        Hindi  395 220 175
        Hungarian  470 215 250
        Ilocano  265 110 155
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 50 20 25
        Italian  1,440 715 730
        Japanese  150 50 105
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  230 95 130
        Kurdish  145 75 70
        Lao  5 5 0
        Latvian  60 35 30
        Lingala  20 5 15
        Lithuanian  15 0 15
        Macedonian  720 350 365
        Malay  45 20 25
        Malayalam  130 80 55
        Maltese  25 10 15
        Mandarin  1,120 520 600
        Marathi  20 10 10
        Nepali  155 85 70
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 80 40 40
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  70 40 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  380 200 185
        Pashto  180 90 85
        Persian (Farsi)  1,165 605 560
        Polish  530 250 285
        Portuguese  445 205 245
        Romanian  310 140 170
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 10 15
        Russian  340 150 185
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 10 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 175 80 105
        Serbian  205 105 105
        Serbo-Croatian  40 15 20
        Shanghainese  25 10 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e 55 25 25
        Sindhi  140 55 80
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  195 100 95
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slovak  45 25 20
        Slovenian  50 25 25
        Somali  345 140 205
        Spanish  1,355 635 720
        Swahili  120 60 55
        Swedish  25 15 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,645 1,870 2,775
        Taiwanese  25 15 10
        Tamil  3,365 1,660 1,700
        Telugu  175 105 70
        Thai  30 10 20
        Tibetan languages  50 30 25
        Tigrigna  305 130 175
        Turkish  175 85 90
        Ukrainian  140 55 85
        Urdu  1,950 995 955
        Vietnamese  375 175 205
        Yiddish  0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 310 140 175
  Multiple responses          3,740 1,785 1,960
    English and French  230 100 130
    English and non-official language  3,305 1,575 1,725
    French and non-official language  140 75 60
    English, French and non-official language 75 35 35
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,175 50,740 54,435
  English only 94,930 46,390 48,540
  French only 150 65 85
  English and French 6,555 2,880 3,670
  Neither English nor French 3,540 1,400 2,140
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,175 50,740 54,435
  English 99,495 48,335 51,155
  French 1,515 725 790
  English and French 725 335 390
  Neither English nor French 3,440 1,350 2,090
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,880 890 985
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.8 1.8 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,175 50,740 54,435
  Single responses 97,185 46,900 50,285
    English 71,585 34,630 36,960
    French 690 320 365
    Non-official languages 24,905 11,950 12,955
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 10
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 10 5 10
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 24,790 11,895 12,895
        African languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 30 10 15
        Albanian 130 65 70
        Amharic 440 185 260
        Arabic 490 250 235
        Armenian 30 20 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Bengali 4,770 2,435 2,335
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 95 40 50
        Bosnian 30 15 15
        Bulgarian 110 50 60
        Burmese 10 5 10
        Cantonese 1,720 795 925
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,340 630 710
        Creoles 100 50 50
        Croatian 30 15 20
        Czech 45 25 25
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 0 5
        Estonian 25 10 15
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 0 5 0
        Fukien 10 5 5
        German 115 50 65
        Greek 740 355 385
        Gujarati 185 90 95
        Hakka 25 10 10
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 230 130 100
        Hungarian 275 130 150
        Ilocano 85 40 55
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Italian 645 300 345
        Japanese 75 35 45
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5
        Korean 170 70 100
        Kurdish 100 50 45
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 20 10 10
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 415 200 210
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 85 45 35
        Maltese 5 5 5
        Mandarin 955 475 475
        Marathi 5 0 5
        Nepali 95 50 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 45 20 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 215 110 100
        Pashto 155 85 70
        Persian (Farsi) 860 435 425
        Polish 295 140 160
        Portuguese 160 70 95
        Romanian 190 80 110
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 5
        Russian 215 115 100
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70
        Serbian 105 60 50
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10
        Shanghainese 15 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30
        Sindhi 90 40 50
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 65 60
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slovak 30 15 15
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 265 110 155
        Spanish 765 345 415
        Swahili 50 25 25
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,355 985 1,370
        Taiwanese 10 5 5
        Tamil 2,670 1,315 1,355
        Telugu 155 90 65
        Thai 15 5 10
        Tibetan languages 35 20 15
        Tigrigna 155 60 95
        Turkish 130 55 75
        Ukrainian 40 15 25
        Urdu 1,390 680 715
        Vietnamese 255 120 135
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 105 55 55
  Multiple responses         7,990 3,845 4,150
    English and French 180 80 95
    English and non-official language 7,595 3,655 3,940
    French and non-official language 85 45 40
    English, French and non-official language 130 65 65
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,170 50,745 54,430
  None 82,890 39,985 42,900
  Single responses  21,870 10,545 11,320
    English  10,265 5,035 5,235
    French  835 385 455
    Non-official languages  10,765 5,125 5,635
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  15 5 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,600 5,055 5,545
        African languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  50 15 30
        Albanian  60 25 30
        Amharic  245 105 140
        Arabic  255 140 110
        Armenian  20 5 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 5 15
        Bengali  920 480 440
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  60 25 35
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  30 15 15
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  490 235 255
        Chinese, n.o.s.  295 135 160
        Creoles  95 40 55
        Croatian  15 5 10
        Czech  25 20 10
        Danish  10 0 5
        Dutch  20 10 15
        Estonian  40 15 20
        Finnish  25 10 20
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  290 125 160
        Greek  715 370 345
        Gujarati  130 70 60
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  275 160 110
        Hungarian  85 40 45
        Ilocano  75 30 45
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  485 245 240
        Japanese  85 30 55
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  50 25 25
        Kurdish  30 10 20
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  20 10 10
        Lingala  70 30 35
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  200 100 100
        Malay  15 10 5
        Malayalam  35 20 15
        Maltese  10 5 10
        Mandarin  180 75 100
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  25 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 70 35 40
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  30 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  185 95 95
        Pashto  25 15 5
        Persian (Farsi)  210 120 90
        Polish  160 65 95
        Portuguese  160 75 90
        Romanian  85 40 45
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  135 65 70
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 45 20 25
        Serbian  60 25 40
        Serbo-Croatian  10 0 5
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  55 25 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  80 45 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  10 5 0
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  160 65 90
        Spanish  545 255 295
        Swahili  75 35 35
        Swedish  20 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,445 580 865
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  620 320 300
        Telugu  40 20 20
        Thai  10 5 10
        Tibetan languages  10 0 5
        Tigrigna  125 65 65
        Turkish  55 30 25
        Ukrainian  40 10 25
        Urdu  440 225 215
        Vietnamese  90 40 45
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 145 65 80
  Multiple responses          420 205 210
    English and French  35 20 15
    English and non-official language  170 85 85
    French and non-official language  215 100 110
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Scarborough Southwest, Ontario (Code 35098) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 23, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Scarborough Southwest (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Scarborough Southwest, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Scarborough Southwest, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Scarborough Southwest (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census