NHS Profile, Thornhill, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Thornhill, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thornhill
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 109,675 53,080 56,595
Canadian citizens 99,120 48,185 50,940
Canadian citizens aged under 18 22,485 11,455 11,035
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,635 36,730 39,905
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 10,555 4,890 5,660
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 109,675 53,080 56,600
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 51,240 25,385 25,860
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 56,875 27,120 29,755
Before 1971 7,780 3,715 4,065
1971 to 1980 7,240 3,535 3,710
1981 to 1990 8,720 4,195 4,525
1991 to 2000 16,115 7,680 8,435
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 17,020 8,000 9,020
2001 to 2005 10,460 4,945 5,515
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,565 3,060 3,505
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,560 580 985
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 56,875 27,115 29,760
Under 5 years 4,910 2,365 2,550
5 to 14 years 9,670 4,885 4,775
15 to 24 years 11,090 5,225 5,865
25 to 44 years 24,925 11,790 13,130
45 years and over 6,285 2,855 3,430
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 109,675 53,080 56,600
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 51,240 25,385 25,855
Born in province of residence 46,435 23,105 23,335
Born outside province of residence 4,805 2,280 2,525
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 56,875 27,120 29,755
Americas 4,965 2,245 2,715
United States 1,370 590 780
Jamaica 750 370 375
Guyana 675 340 330
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 125 60 65
Trinidad and Tobago 425 195 225
Colombia 225 85 135
El Salvador 80 35 50
Peru 85 25 60
Chile 75 30 45
Other places of birth in Americas 1,160 505 655
Europe 21,520 10,195 11,335
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,250 585 665
Italy 2,285 1,215 1,070
Germany 500 185 315
Poland 805 345 455
Portugal 460 215 245
Netherlands 105 30 70
France 190 85 100
Romania 1,200 565 635
Russian Federation 5,275 2,475 2,800
Greece 330 185 145
Ukraine 4,210 1,845 2,370
Croatia 140 55 85
Hungary 490 215 275
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 60 45
Serbia 245 120 120
Ireland, Republic of 65 45 20
Other places of birth in Europe 3,880 1,965 1,915
Africa 3,390 1,670 1,715
Morocco 715 335 385
Algeria 25 0 0
Egypt 185 90 90
South Africa, Republic of 1,780 900 885
Nigeria 55 35 20
Ethiopia 35 0 25
Kenya 170 85 85
Other places of birth in Africa 430 210 225
Asia 26,775 12,875 13,900
India 2,280 1,100 1,180
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,795 1,370 1,425
Philippines 3,350 1,390 1,960
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,660 725 935
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,285 585 700
Pakistan 450 200 245
Sri Lanka 705 385 320
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 3,330 1,675 1,660
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 3,195 1,555 1,635
Lebanon 115 55 60
Taiwan 360 160 200
Iraq 260 125 135
Bangladesh 70 35 40
Afghanistan 225 130 105
Japan 90 25 70
Turkey 210 100 110
Other places of birth in Asia 6,390 3,265 3,130
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 225 130 90
Fiji 115 65 50
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 105 70 40
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,555 575 985
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 6,560 3,055 3,505
Americas 475 225 250
United States 230 100 135
Mexico 20 0 15
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 10 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 50 0 20
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 125 65 60
Europe 1,770 825 950
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 80 25 55
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 55 30 25
Russian Federation 725 335 385
Ukraine 415 185 230
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 45 20 20
Other places of birth in Europe 425 210 220
Africa 145 80 60
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 100 65 40
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 4,170 1,930 2,240
Philippines 635 200 435
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 430 205 230
India 220 120 105
Pakistan 25 0 15
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 845 370 470
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 645 335 310
Sri Lanka 95 40 50
Iraq 55 25 25
Bangladesh 40 20 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 25 0 0
Israel 685 365 315
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 0 20
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 355 195 160
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 109,680 53,080 56,600
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 58,850 27,925 30,925
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 30,115 14,810 15,300
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 20,715 10,340 10,370
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 109,675 53,080 56,600
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 34,690 16,615 18,075
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 7,160 3,675 3,485
Chinese 8,335 4,035 4,300
Black 2,050 925 1,125
Filipino 5,060 2,025 3,035
Latin American 1,035 440 595
Arab 505 270 235
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,250 525 725
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 3,635 1,815 1,820
Korean 4,035 2,060 1,980
Japanese 265 130 135
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 435 250 180
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 925 460 470
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 74,990 36,465 38,520
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 109,675 53,080 56,595
North American Aboriginal origins 360 140 220
First Nations (North American Indian) 280 100 185
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 100 50 55
Other North American origins 10,200 5,140 5,060
Acadian 0 0 0
American 885 390 500
Canadian 9,730 4,950 4,785
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 71,865 34,995 36,865
British Isles origins 11,480 5,630 5,850
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 6,880 3,420 3,460
Irish 4,160 1,955 2,205
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 4,135 1,910 2,225
Welsh 430 225 200
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,165 565 605
French origins 2,200 990 1,210
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 2,200 985 1,210
Western European origins (except French origins) 4,670 2,225 2,445
Austrian 705 310 400
Belgian 115 45 70
Dutch 725 340 385
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,255 1,545 1,710
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 140 85 45
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 45 0 30
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 760 315 450
Danish 135 45 90
Finnish 220 80 140
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 235 80 150
Swedish 170 90 80
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 20 0 15
Eastern European origins 30,460 14,490 15,970
Bulgarian 305 165 140
Byelorussian 770 370 400
Czech 380 230 150
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 175 95 85
Estonian 210 110 100
Hungarian 2,345 1,125 1,215
Latvian 360 180 180
Lithuanian 1,365 690 670
Moldovan 150 65 85
Polish 11,005 5,315 5,695
Romanian 2,610 1,310 1,300
Russian 15,335 7,200 8,135
Slovak 270 155 120
Ukrainian 4,640 2,080 2,565
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 560 235 325
Southern European origins 13,755 6,765 6,990
Albanian 380 180 200
Bosnian 40 0 20
Croatian 175 80 95
Cypriot 35 0 0
Greek 1,635 820 820
Italian 8,185 4,135 4,050
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 305 160 140
Maltese 165 90 75
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,520 675 845
Serbian 480 285 195
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 125 65 65
Spanish 1,635 735 895
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 120 65 50
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 30,715 15,400 15,310
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 30,360 15,200 15,165
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 40 25 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 460 250 205
Caribbean origins 2,000 905 1,095
Antiguan 15 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 115 60 60
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 35 20 0
Cuban 20 0 0
Dominican 15 0 0
Grenadian 40 20 15
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 1,130 515 610
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 25 0 15
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 275 145 130
Vincentian/Grenadinian 30 0 25
West Indian, n.o.s. 365 140 220
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 20 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,985 870 1,120
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 55 0 40
Argentinian 300 150 150
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 70 20 50
Chilean 85 40 45
Colombian 300 135 165
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 225 100 120
Guatemalan 35 0 15
Guyanese 360 160 200
Hispanic 20 0 0
Honduran 70 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 110 35 80
Nicaraguan 30 15 15
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 115 45 70
Salvadorean 70 35 35
Uruguayan 55 30 20
Venezuelan 60 25 30
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 125 70 55
African origins 3,205 1,580 1,625
Central and West African origins 145 55 90
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 50 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 25 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 25 15 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 15 15 0
North African origins 1,685 810 870
Algerian 30 0 20
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 255 135 125
Libyan 25 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,350 625 730
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 55 25 25
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins 970 485 485
Afrikaner 25 15 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 35 0 20
Ethiopian 40 0 25
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 810 415 400
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 30 15 0
Other African origins 440 235 205
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 140 45 100
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 295 195 105
Asian origins 35,550 17,020 18,530
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 8,955 4,360 4,600
Afghan 350 175 170
Arab, n.o.s. 140 75 65
Armenian 715 305 405
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 195 115 75
Georgian 85 45 40
Iranian 4,040 1,995 2,050
Iraqi 465 190 275
Israeli 2,000 970 1,025
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 40 30 0
Kurd 80 50 35
Kuwaiti 40 0 0
Lebanese 270 145 125
Palestinian 95 60 35
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 120 45 80
Tajik 95 45 45
Tatar 175 80 100
Turk 435 200 230
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 85 40 40
Yemeni 155 95 60
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 140 70 70
South Asian origins 7,355 3,795 3,560
Bangladeshi 25 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 5,645 2,880 2,765
Goan 20 0 0
Gujarati 60 25 40
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 460 220 240
Punjabi 140 90 50
Sinhalese 45 0 0
Sri Lankan 705 400 305
Tamil 380 210 175
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 120 50 65
East and Southeast Asian origins 19,485 9,025 10,460
Burmese 30 15 15
Cambodian (Khmer) 70 20 45
Chinese 9,100 4,315 4,780
Filipino 5,150 2,065 3,085
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 110 20 90
Japanese 290 135 155
Korean 4,185 2,135 2,050
Laotian 45 20 20
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 170 90 85
Thai 60 35 30
Tibetan 30 30 0
Vietnamese 1,130 460 670
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 35 0 0
Other Asian origins 25 0 15
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 20 0 15
Oceania origins 100 60 45
Australian 45 20 20
New Zealander 20 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 40 25 0
Fijian 20 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 109,680 53,080 56,600
Buddhist 2,230 1,015 1,210
Christian 41,090 19,015 22,070
Anglican 1,780 810 970
Baptist 870 390 480
Catholic 20,635 9,740 10,895
Christian Orthodox 6,850 3,225 3,620
Lutheran 540 225 310
Pentecostal 470 190 275
Presbyterian 2,205 1,035 1,165
United Church 1,595 680 925
Other Christian 6,145 2,715 3,430
Hindu 3,740 1,975 1,765
Jewish 40,710 19,900 20,810
Muslim 4,665 2,185 2,485
Sikh 590 300 290
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 25 10 10
Other religions 515 280 235
No religious affiliation 16,110 8,395 7,720
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 109,675 53,080 56,595
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 235 110 120
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 140 70 70
Métis single identity 70 35 35
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 109,440 52,970 56,475
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 109,675 53,080 56,600
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 85 15 65
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 109,595 53,060 56,530
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 109,675 53,080 56,600
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 360 140 220
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 280 95 180
Métis ancestry 100 50 55
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 109,315 52,940 56,375
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 65,660 31,075 34,585
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 65,650 31,075 34,580
Italian 4,520 2,235 2,285
Portuguese 905 400 505
Romanian 1,300 640 655
Spanish 3,335 1,485 1,840
Dutch 140 35 100
Flemish 0 0 0
German 815 390 420
Yiddish 1,400 660 745
Danish 45 20 25
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 60 20 40
Afrikaans 455 220 235
Gaelic languages 40 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 155 95 60
Croatian 105 40 65
Czech 90 45 45
Macedonian 225 90 140
Polish 625 250 375
Russian 16,445 7,705 8,735
Serbian 360 220 140
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 50
Slovak 135 75 60
Slovenian 65 30 35
Ukrainian 1,200 545 655
Latvian 55 15 40
Lithuanian 185 65 115
Greek 880 425 455
Armenian 490 210 275
Albanian 305 140 170
Estonian 80 35 45
Finnish 130 50 75
Hungarian 975 420 555
Turkish 415 240 175
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 15 0 15
Arabic 870 455 420
Hebrew 11,855 6,025 5,830
Maltese 25 0 15
Tigrigna 35 0 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Bengali 120 50 65
Gujarati 1,470 765 705
Hindi 1,775 890 885
Konkani 20 0 0
Marathi 130 70 60
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,005 500 500
Sindhi 90 55 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 60 35
Urdu 705 335 370
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 70 30 40
Pashto 100 75 0
Persian (Farsi) 3,985 1,950 2,035
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 160 85 75
Tamil 980 535 445
Telugu 70 40 35
Japanese 230 125 105
Korean 3,855 1,955 1,895
Cantonese 3,120 1,410 1,705
Fukien 55 20 35
Hakka 75 25 45
Mandarin 2,430 1,160 1,270
Taiwanese 95 45 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,550 1,235 1,320
Lao 35 20 0
Thai 75 30 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 20 40
Vietnamese 1,030 455 570
Bisayan languages 55 0 45
Ilocano 350 145 205
Malay 180 50 130
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 3,770 1,360 2,405
Akan (Twi) 15 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 70 35 35
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15
African languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Creoles 70 35 30
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 535 270 265
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 108,695 52,605 56,090
Non-movers 99,175 47,950 51,230
Movers 9,515 4,655 4,860
Non-migrants 4,785 2,385 2,400
Migrants 4,725 2,270 2,455
Internal migrants 3,280 1,635 1,650
Intraprovincial migrants 3,045 1,515 1,525
Interprovincial migrants 235 110 120
External migrants 1,450 640 805
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 103,960 50,310 53,645
Non-movers 68,880 33,275 35,600
Movers 35,080 17,035 18,045
Non-migrants 16,590 8,190 8,405
Migrants 18,490 8,850 9,645
Internal migrants 12,680 6,305 6,370
Intraprovincial migrants 12,230 6,095 6,130
Interprovincial migrants 450 210 235
External migrants 5,815 2,540 3,275
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 90,525 43,265 47,260
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,385 5,430 5,960
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 19,155 9,055 10,100
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 59,985 28,780 31,205
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,085 2,390 1,700
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,700 5,550 8,150
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,990 2,745 3,245
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 36,210 18,100 18,110
Bachelor's degree 21,315 10,225 11,085
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 14,895 7,865 7,025
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 60,565 28,605 31,955
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,190 1,660 1,535
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 9,450 4,350 5,095
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 47,925 22,600 25,325
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,745 1,550 1,200
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,360 4,045 6,315
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,605 2,045 2,560
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 30,215 14,955 15,260
Bachelor's degree 17,400 8,265 9,130
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 12,815 6,690 6,130
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 90,525 43,260 47,265
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 30,545 14,480 16,055
Education 4,595 900 3,695
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,250 925 1,325
Humanities 3,750 1,370 2,380
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,790 2,950 4,840
Business, management and public administration 14,135 6,610 7,530
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,195 1,595 1,595
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,835 2,255 1,585
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 11,110 9,150 1,960
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 585 365 225
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,165 1,955 5,210
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,570 705 860
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 90,525 43,260 47,260
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 30,540 14,485 16,060
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 59,980 28,780 31,205
Location of study inside Canada 35,830 17,245 18,580
Same as province or territory of residence 33,305 16,030 17,275
Another province or territory 2,520 1,215 1,305
Location of study outside Canada 24,155 11,535 12,625
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 65,520 33,200 32,315
Single responses 64,325 32,660 31,670
English 62,400 31,760 30,640
French 140 25 120
Non-official languages 1,780 875 905
Chinese, n.o.s. 105 70 35
Cantonese 80 35 45
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 85 45 35
Spanish 60 20 35
Korean 430 240 185
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,015 450 565
Multiple responses 1,195 545 650
English and French 160 60 105
English and non-official language 995 475 515
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 0 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 65,520 33,200 32,320
English 62,400 31,760 30,640
French 145 25 120
Non-official language 1,780 875 905
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,785 875 905
English and French 165 60 105
English and non-official language 995 475 515
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 0 25
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 90,525 43,265 47,265
In the labour force 61,255 31,275 29,985
Employed 56,730 29,025 27,705
Unemployed 4,530 2,250 2,280
Not in the labour force 29,270 11,990 17,285
Participation rate 67.7 72.3 63.4
Employment rate 62.7 67.1 58.6
Unemployment rate 7.4 7.2 7.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 61,255 31,275 29,985
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,445 790 655
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 59,810 30,480 29,330
Employee 50,310 24,055 26,245
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 9,500 6,425 3,080
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 61,255 31,275 29,980
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,445 795 650
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 59,810 30,485 29,330
0 Management occupations 7,540 4,875 2,665
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,835 4,345 8,490
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,505 4,790 1,715
3 Health occupations 3,975 1,210 2,765
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,980 2,410 5,575
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,160 955 1,210
6 Sales and service occupations 11,860 5,910 5,950
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,535 4,365 175
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 310 265 45
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,100 1,360 740
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 61,260 31,275 29,980
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,445 790 650
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 59,810 30,480 29,325
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 45 25 20
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25 0 15
22 Utilities 315 220 95
23 Construction 2,940 2,420 520
31-33 Manufacturing 5,910 4,080 1,825
41 Wholesale trade 3,640 2,280 1,360
44-45 Retail trade 6,385 2,840 3,550
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,920 1,550 365
51 Information and cultural industries 2,130 1,055 1,070
52 Finance and insurance 4,095 2,030 2,065
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,810 960 840
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 8,200 4,680 3,515
55 Management of companies and enterprises 70 45 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,305 1,370 935
61 Educational services 5,240 1,560 3,685
62 Health care and social assistance 6,460 1,520 4,935
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 965 540 430
72 Accommodation and food services 2,150 1,080 1,070
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,075 1,135 1,940
91 Public administration 2,135 1,075 1,060
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 61,260 31,275 29,980
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,250 1,615 1,640
Worked in 2010 58,005 29,665 28,340
1 to 13 weeks 2,950 1,270 1,685
14 to 26 weeks 3,985 1,795 2,190
27 to 39 weeks 3,275 1,415 1,865
40 to 48 weeks 10,425 5,075 5,345
49 to 52 weeks 37,365 20,115 17,255
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.0 45.8 44.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 61,255 31,275 29,980
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,250 1,610 1,640
Worked in 2010 58,005 29,665 28,340
Worked full-time in 2010 46,560 25,680 20,875
Worked part-time in 2010 11,450 3,985 7,465
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 56,730 29,025 27,705
Worked at home 5,510 2,550 2,955
Worked outside Canada 415 295 125
No fixed workplace address 5,850 4,040 1,810
Worked at usual place 44,955 22,140 22,815
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 50,805 26,180 24,625
Car, truck or van - as a driver 37,975 21,180 16,795
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,595 730 1,865
Public transit 8,385 3,500 4,885
Walked 1,125 465 660
Bicycle 155 115 40
Other methods 565 195 370
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 50,805 26,180 24,625
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.4 30.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 50,805 26,180 24,620
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,630 5,145 2,480
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 33,265 16,390 16,880
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,910 4,645 5,270
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 36,075 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 34,995 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,080 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 36,075 ... ...
1960 or before 1,215 ... ...
1961 to 1980 7,365 ... ...
1981 to 1990 11,665 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,825 ... ...
2001 to 2005 5,615 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,395 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 36,075 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,270 ... ...
5 rooms 5,085 ... ...
6 rooms 5,465 ... ...
7 rooms 4,835 ... ...
8 or more rooms 13,420 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 36,075 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 2,800 ... ...
2 bedrooms 6,440 ... ...
3 bedrooms 11,220 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 15,605 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 36,075 ... ...
Owner 31,080 ... ...
Renter 4,995 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 36,075 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 8,580 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 27,495 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 36,075 ... ...
1 household maintainer 18,870 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,120 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,085 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 36,075 ... ...
Under 25 years 270 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,875 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,885 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,645 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,305 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,310 ... ...
75 years and over 3,785 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 36,075 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 34,820 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,255 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 36,075 ... ...
Suitable 33,520 ... ...
Not suitable 2,555 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 35,990 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 24,640 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 11,345 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 9,275 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 31,075 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 28.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,454 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,583 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 501,292 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 560,534 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,995 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 10.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 49.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,214 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,219 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 90,525 43,265 47,265
Without income 5,115 2,290 2,825
With income 85,405 40,970 44,435
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 11,325 5,855 5,475
$5,000 to $9,999 6,125 2,255 3,870
$10,000 to $14,999 6,910 2,455 4,455
$15,000 to $19,999 7,315 3,115 4,205
$20,000 to $29,999 10,310 4,440 5,875
$30,000 to $39,999 8,590 3,805 4,785
$40,000 to $49,999 7,225 3,315 3,905
$50,000 to $59,999 5,780 2,470 3,305
$60,000 to $79,999 8,560 4,605 3,955
$80,000 to $99,999 5,425 3,105 2,325
$100,000 and over 7,835 5,555 2,285
$100,000 to $124,999 3,320 2,115 1,210
$125,000 and over 4,515 3,440 1,075
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,798 35,971 26,721
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 47,097 57,412 37,586
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 90,525 43,265 47,260
Without after-tax income 5,130 2,290 2,835
With after-tax income 85,395 40,970 44,425
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 11,445 5,905 5,540
$5,000 to $9,999 6,255 2,265 3,985
$10,000 to $14,999 7,090 2,550 4,545
$15,000 to $19,999 7,950 3,385 4,565
$20,000 to $29,999 11,615 5,100 6,515
$30,000 to $39,999 10,650 4,650 6,000
$40,000 to $49,999 8,125 3,770 4,355
$50,000 to $59,999 5,795 2,925 2,870
$60,000 to $79,999 8,840 5,050 3,790
$80,000 to $99,999 3,470 2,225 1,255
$100,000 and over 4,150 3,145 1,005
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,508 32,530 24,813
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 38,535 45,616 32,006
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.2 93.8 87.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 79.5 83.4 74.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.4 72.8 69.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 8.1 10.7 4.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.8 4.7 7.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.2 4.0 4.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.6 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.8 6.2 12.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.3 1.9 2.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.2 1.6 3.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.6 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 2.0 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.2 20.5 14.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.8 79.5 85.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.0 2.5 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 32,735 18,310 14,430
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 53,714 60,056 47,829
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 71,228 83,102 56,162
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 30,070 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,435 ... ...
Average family income ($) 122,474 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,627 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 100,020 ... ...
Average family size 3.4 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 7,230 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,475 ... ...
Average family income ($) 96,327 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,578 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 79,347 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 18,160 ... ...
Median family income ($) 116,141 ... ...
Average family income ($) 144,269 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 99,829 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 116,603 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,685 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,465 ... ...
Average family income ($) 71,532 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,789 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,929 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 8,075 2,955 5,120
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,790 34,920 27,176
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 42,081 47,276 39,079
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,730 31,781 25,458
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 35,105 37,982 33,442
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 109,675 53,080 56,600
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 41,725 19,560 22,165
In bottom decile 8,100 3,815 4,285
In second decile 7,450 3,175 4,275
In third decile 9,730 4,595 5,135
In fourth decile 7,995 3,815 4,180
In fifth decile 8,460 4,160 4,300
In top half of the Canadian distribution 67,950 33,515 34,430
In sixth decile 8,930 4,390 4,540
In seventh decile 10,570 4,940 5,630
In eighth decile 12,505 6,205 6,300
In ninth decile 15,600 7,750 7,850
In top decile 20,345 10,230 10,115
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 36,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 775 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 760 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,125 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,090 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,280 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,470 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,520 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,575 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,845 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,975 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,300 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,885 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 36,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 795 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 485 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,165 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,215 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,775 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,090 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,890 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,380 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,450 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,055 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,175 ... ...
$125,000 and over 7,875 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 36,075 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 84,759 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 111,501 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 73,969 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 91,223 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 5,620 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 38,334 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 49,318 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 34,869 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 40,540 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 30,450 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 96,576 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 122,980 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 84,014 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 100,580 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 109,675 53,080 56,595
Less than 18 years 24,055 12,310 11,740
Less than 6 years 7,180 3,530 3,645
18 to 64 years 71,645 34,390 37,250
65 years and over 13,980 6,375 7,605
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 11,755 5,470 6,285
Less than 18 years 2,540 1,225 1,315
Less than 6 years 675 315 355
18 to 64 years 7,940 3,815 4,125
65 years and over 1,270 425 845
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.7 10.3 11.1
Less than 18 years (%) 10.6 10.0 11.2
Less than 6 years (%) 9.4 8.9 9.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 11.1 11.1
65 years and over (%) 9.1 6.7 11.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Thornhill, Ontario (Code 35104) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Thornhill, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Thornhill, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thornhill
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 110,430 53,260 57,165
0 to 4 years 5,655 2,835 2,820
5 to 9 years 6,485 3,350 3,135
10 to 14 years 6,985 3,615 3,365
15 to 19 years 8,050 4,150 3,905
15 years 1,580 780 800
16 years 1,605 820 780
17 years 1,610 830 785
18 years 1,640 875 770
19 years 1,615 845 770
20 to 24 years 7,930 4,130 3,800
25 to 29 years 6,260 3,185 3,070
30 to 34 years 5,735 2,550 3,190
35 to 39 years 7,250 3,270 3,980
40 to 44 years 8,040 3,750 4,285
45 to 49 years 9,065 4,225 4,840
50 to 54 years 9,385 4,440 4,950
55 to 59 years 8,055 3,870 4,185
60 to 64 years 6,990 3,405 3,580
65 to 69 years 4,295 2,075 2,220
70 to 74 years 3,560 1,610 1,950
75 to 79 years 2,730 1,230 1,505
80 to 84 years 1,995 825 1,170
85 years and over 1,965 755 1,205
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.5 39.4 41.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.7 81.6 83.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 91,300 43,465 47,840
Married or living with a common-law partner 55,225 27,395 27,830
Married (and not separated) 52,800 26,190 26,610
Living common law 2,420 1,210 1,215
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 36,080 16,065 20,015
Single (never legally married) 25,445 13,290 12,155
Separated 1,840 670 1,170
Divorced 4,240 1,355 2,890
Widowed 4,555 750 3,800
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 31,205 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 11,305 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,850 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,585 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,460 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 31,205 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 26,900 ... ...
Married couples 25,685 ... ...
Without children at home 8,040 ... ...
With children at home 17,645 ... ...
1 child 6,225 ... ...
2 children 8,095 ... ...
3 or more children 3,325 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,210 ... ...
Without children at home 700 ... ...
With children at home 505 ... ...
1 child 275 ... ...
2 children 170 ... ...
3 or more children 60 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,310 ... ...
Female parent 3,530 ... ...
1 child 2,075 ... ...
2 children 1,115 ... ...
3 or more children 340 ... ...
Male parent 780 ... ...
1 child 495 ... ...
2 children 225 ... ...
3 or more children 55 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 40,960 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,940 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,125 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,725 ... ...
18 to 24 years 10,395 ... ...
25 years and over 6,770 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 109,680 53,045 56,635
Number of persons not in census families 10,620 3,750 6,870
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,545 775 1,765
Living with non-relatives only 2,425 890 1,535
Living alone 5,650 2,080 3,570
Number of census family persons 99,060 49,295 49,760
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,880 6,315 7,565
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,945 830 3,110
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,220 215 1,005
Living with non-relatives only 240 90 150
Living alone 2,475 520 1,950
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,940 5,490 4,450
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 36,065 ... ...
Census-family households 29,725 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,575 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,385 ... ...
Without children 7,185 ... ...
With children 15,205 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,190 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,150 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,745 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,215 ... ...
Without children 395 ... ...
With children 1,825 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 530 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,400 ... ...
Non-census-family households 6,335 ... ...
One-person households 5,650 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 685 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 36,065 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,645 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 7,700 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 7,720 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,295 ... ...
Row house 4,535 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,615 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 270 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 36,065 ... ...
1 person 5,650 ... ...
2 persons 9,570 ... ...
3 persons 7,250 ... ...
4 persons 8,135 ... ...
5 persons 3,460 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,995 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 109,675 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 110,270 53,200 57,065
  Single responses  107,180 51,785 55,395
    English  52,070 25,740 26,335
    French  1,040 480 565
    Non-official languages  54,065 25,565 28,500
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 53,665 25,380 28,285
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Afrikaans  30 20 10
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5
        Albanian  200 100 95
        Amharic  25 5 15
        Arabic  565 295 270
        Armenian  315 160 150
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  165 95 75
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  80 25 50
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  155 75 75
        Burmese  20 5 10
        Cantonese  2,490 1,195 1,290
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,595 1,235 1,360
        Creoles  35 10 25
        Croatian  85 35 50
        Czech  55 35 20
        Danish  25 10 15
        Dutch  105 45 60
        Estonian  60 20 40
        Finnish  65 20 45
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  50 20 30
        German  445 205 240
        Greek  635 315 320
        Gujarati  1,115 530 580
        Hakka  85 35 55
        Hebrew  4,085 2,125 1,960
        Hindi  455 225 230
        Hungarian  755 320 435
        Ilocano  275 110 165
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Italian  3,270 1,570 1,705
        Japanese  100 40 65
        Khmer (Cambodian)  45 20 20
        Korean  3,485 1,725 1,760
        Kurdish  50 30 25
        Lao  50 25 25
        Latvian  60 30 30
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  90 40 45
        Macedonian  105 50 55
        Malay  55 20 35
        Malayalam  105 55 55
        Maltese  10 10 5
        Mandarin  1,530 705 820
        Marathi  50 25 25
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  10 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  640 330 315
        Pashto  5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  3,465 1,765 1,700
        Polish  650 280 375
        Portuguese  800 370 435
        Romanian  1,050 485 565
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  14,365 6,810 7,555
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 25 10 20
        Serbian  360 170 190
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 15
        Shanghainese  20 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  40 20 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  50 25 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slovak  85 40 50
        Slovenian  45 15 25
        Somali  15 10 10
        Spanish  1,860 870 990
        Swahili  10 10 5
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,850 940 1,910
        Taiwanese  60 35 20
        Tamil  605 305 300
        Telugu  50 25 25
        Thai  30 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  35 15 15
        Turkish  200 105 95
        Ukrainian  390 180 210
        Urdu  310 150 155
        Vietnamese  570 260 310
        Yiddish  925 420 500
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 400 190 210
  Multiple responses          3,090 1,420 1,675
    English and French  180 75 100
    English and non-official language  2,645 1,225 1,420
    French and non-official language  185 80 100
    English, French and non-official language 85 30 55
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 110,265 53,200 57,065
  English only 97,580 47,770 49,805
  French only 70 25 50
  English and French 8,840 3,925 4,920
  Neither English nor French 3,775 1,485 2,290
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 110,270 53,205 57,065
  English 104,025 50,620 53,405
  French 1,180 525 655
  English and French 1,345 595 745
  Neither English nor French 3,720 1,460 2,260
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,855 830 1,025
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.7 1.6 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 110,270 53,200 57,065
  Single responses 102,375 49,410 52,965
    English 70,610 34,275 36,330
    French 365 160 205
    Non-official languages 31,405 14,980 16,425
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 31,225 14,880 16,345
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 10 5 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 5
        Albanian 105 55 45
        Amharic 15 0 10
        Arabic 220 105 110
        Armenian 180 85 95
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 90 45 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 5 5
        Bosnian 5 0 5
        Bulgarian 90 50 45
        Burmese 15 5 5
        Cantonese 1,960 920 1,045
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,670 780 890
        Creoles 20 5 10
        Croatian 30 10 15
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 0
        Estonian 25 10 15
        Finnish 20 15 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 5 0
        German 75 35 45
        Greek 210 95 115
        Gujarati 665 315 345
        Hakka 30 10 20
        Hebrew 2,055 1,005 1,050
        Hindi 200 105 100
        Hungarian 240 95 145
        Ilocano 130 60 65
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Italian 1,080 490 595
        Japanese 55 25 35
        Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10
        Korean 2,760 1,375 1,385
        Kurdish 25 15 15
        Lao 20 5 10
        Latvian 25 10 10
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 35 15 20
        Macedonian 40 20 20
        Malay 20 5 10
        Malayalam 50 25 25
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 1,190 575 615
        Marathi 10 5 10
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 360 175 185
        Pashto 10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 2,545 1,275 1,270
        Polish 130 60 65
        Portuguese 365 175 190
        Romanian 535 250 285
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 10,070 4,830 5,235
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
        Serbian 195 90 105
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
        Shanghainese 10 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
        Sindhi 15 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 20 10 10
        Slovenian 15 5 5
        Somali 5 0 0
        Spanish 960 440 520
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,200 490 710
        Taiwanese 30 20 15
        Tamil 400 195 205
        Telugu 25 10 10
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 20 5 10
        Turkish 95 45 55
        Ukrainian 140 65 80
        Urdu 165 75 90
        Vietnamese 360 165 190
        Yiddish 55 30 30
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 185 95 85
  Multiple responses         7,895 3,795 4,100
    English and French 150 60 90
    English and non-official language 7,580 3,660 3,925
    French and non-official language 40 15 20
    English, French and non-official language 120 60 65
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 110,270 53,205 57,065
  None 79,205 38,475 40,725
  Single responses  30,280 14,375 15,905
    English  13,150 6,370 6,785
    French  710 320 390
    Non-official languages  16,415 7,685 8,730
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 16,320 7,635 8,680
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  20 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 5
        Albanian  45 25 20
        Amharic  0 5 5
        Arabic  205 105 95
        Armenian  85 45 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Bengali  45 20 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  25 5 20
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  5 5 5
        Cantonese  665 315 345
        Chinese, n.o.s.  545 250 290
        Creoles  15 10 5
        Croatian  40 10 25
        Czech  20 5 10
        Danish  10 0 5
        Dutch  35 15 20
        Estonian  25 10 15
        Finnish  20 10 15
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  165 75 95
        Greek  390 200 190
        Gujarati  355 175 180
        Hakka  30 20 15
        Hebrew  2,930 1,450 1,485
        Hindi  290 140 150
        Hungarian  250 95 150
        Ilocano  90 35 55
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 15
        Italian  1,390 650 735
        Japanese  60 30 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 10 5
        Korean  565 270 290
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  15 5 5
        Latvian  15 10 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  30 15 15
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  30 10 20
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  325 135 190
        Marathi  20 10 15
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  230 125 105
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  610 320 290
        Polish  185 85 100
        Portuguese  310 135 170
        Romanian  285 120 160
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  2,830 1,320 1,510
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Serbian  140 75 70
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Sindhi  10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  30 15 15
        Slovenian  15 5 5
        Somali  15 10 5
        Spanish  735 360 380
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  900 295 605
        Taiwanese  30 15 10
        Tamil  165 80 85
        Telugu  10 10 5
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 5
        Turkish  60 35 30
        Ukrainian  125 55 70
        Urdu  130 65 65
        Vietnamese  170 80 95
        Yiddish  345 150 195
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 100 50 50
  Multiple responses          785 345 435
    English and French  100 45 60
    English and non-official language  400 190 210
    French and non-official language  270 105 165
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Thornhill, Ontario (Code 35104) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Thornhill (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Thornhill, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Thornhill, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Thornhill (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census