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NHS Profile, Willowdale, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Willowdale, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Willowdale
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 108,740 51,770 56,975
Canadian citizens 84,000 40,425 43,580
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,470 6,335 6,140
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 71,530 34,095 37,435
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 24,740 11,345 13,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 108,740 51,770 56,975
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 36,700 18,290 18,410
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 66,730 31,100 35,630
Before 1971 6,740 3,095 3,645
1971 to 1980 5,390 2,535 2,850
1981 to 1990 8,015 3,690 4,325
1991 to 2000 18,030 8,515 9,515
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 28,545 13,260 15,285
2001 to 2005 12,990 6,140 6,845
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 15,560 7,120 8,435
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 5,315 2,380 2,940
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 66,730 31,100 35,630
Under 5 years 3,995 2,205 1,790
5 to 14 years 10,840 5,595 5,245
15 to 24 years 13,505 6,355 7,150
25 to 44 years 28,730 12,260 16,470
45 years and over 9,665 4,690 4,975
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 108,745 51,770 56,975
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 36,700 18,290 18,410
Born in province of residence 32,210 16,120 16,090
Born outside province of residence 4,485 2,170 2,320
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 66,730 31,100 35,625
Americas 3,755 1,680 2,075
United States 740 370 370
Jamaica 520 230 295
Guyana 345 155 190
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 190 105 85
Trinidad and Tobago 295 100 195
Colombia 255 120 140
El Salvador 30 15 20
Peru 200 80 115
Chile 70 40 30
Other places of birth in Americas 1,110 465 645
Europe 13,340 6,225 7,115
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,520 740 790
Italy 1,205 525 675
Germany 415 230 180
Poland 445 170 275
Portugal 210 105 100
Netherlands 140 60 85
France 220 85 140
Romania 760 400 355
Russian Federation 2,745 1,320 1,425
Greece 505 265 240
Ukraine 1,675 670 1,010
Croatia 130 65 65
Hungary 585 250 325
Bosnia and Herzegovina 110 55 60
Serbia 320 135 185
Ireland, Republic of 175 75 95
Other places of birth in Europe 2,180 1,070 1,105
Africa 1,875 950 925
Morocco 125 75 55
Algeria 40 30 0
Egypt 550 305 250
South Africa, Republic of 245 135 110
Nigeria 70 40 30
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 110 45 60
Other places of birth in Africa 730 315 415
Asia 47,660 22,180 25,485
India 1,875 925 945
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 9,605 4,100 5,500
Philippines 4,310 1,600 2,710
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 5,020 2,205 2,815
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 375 150 220
Pakistan 620 340 285
Sri Lanka 245 120 120
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 10,830 5,600 5,230
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 8,215 3,975 4,240
Lebanon 195 110 85
Taiwan 2,195 1,015 1,180
Iraq 200 100 95
Bangladesh 145 75 70
Afghanistan 185 85 100
Japan 335 115 215
Turkey 245 120 125
Other places of birth in Asia 3,070 1,530 1,545
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 100 70 30
Fiji 20 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 80 65 15
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 5,315 2,380 2,935
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 15,560 7,120 8,440
Americas 715 330 385
United States 120 70 45
Mexico 45 15 30
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 35 0 0
Brazil 185 90 95
Colombia 30 25 0
Guyana 20 0 15
Peru 55 20 35
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 115 65 45
Other places of birth in Americas 100 30 70
Europe 1,325 540 790
France 60 0 35
Germany 20 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 40 20 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 95 50 45
Russian Federation 535 185 345
Ukraine 170 40 130
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 120 60 60
Other places of birth in Europe 285 150 130
Africa 305 175 130
Nigeria 45 25 15
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 35 20 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 10 0 0
Egypt 100 60 35
Morocco 20 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 70 45 0
Asia 13,185 6,055 7,130
Philippines 2,135 790 1,345
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,170 1,315 1,855
India 435 235 205
Pakistan 170 110 60
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 4,440 2,195 2,245
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,475 740 735
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 65 30 40
Bangladesh 55 15 35
Lebanon 25 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 170 85 90
Afghanistan 20 0 0
Japan 105 55 55
Turkey 90 30 60
Israel 130 60 70
Nepal 20 20 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 100 30 65
United Arab Emirates 15 0 0
Saudi Arabia 85 40 45
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 35 30 0
Other places of birth in Asia 435 245 195
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 25 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 108,745 51,770 56,970
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 72,340 33,630 38,700
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 22,585 11,395 11,190
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 13,815 6,740 7,075
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 108,745 51,765 56,970
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 65,520 30,720 34,800
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 4,920 2,445 2,475
Chinese 24,870 11,315 13,555
Black 2,365 985 1,385
Filipino 5,305 2,050 3,255
Latin American 1,100 520 575
Arab 1,810 930 880
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 545 220 325
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 10,520 5,375 5,145
Korean 11,205 5,500 5,710
Japanese 925 455 470
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 270 125 150
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,685 810 875
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 43,220 21,045 22,175
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 108,740 51,765 56,975
North American Aboriginal origins 440 230 210
First Nations (North American Indian) 340 165 170
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 105 75 40
Other North American origins 7,325 3,560 3,765
Acadian 35 25 0
American 400 230 170
Canadian 6,990 3,360 3,635
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 40,620 19,795 20,825
British Isles origins 14,780 7,415 7,365
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 8,870 4,395 4,475
Irish 5,665 2,695 2,965
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 5,675 2,820 2,855
Welsh 475 190 285
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,515 715 805
French origins 2,750 1,185 1,565
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 2,745 1,180 1,555
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,055 2,515 2,540
Austrian 490 265 225
Belgian 135 55 85
Dutch 1,110 590 520
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,460 1,690 1,775
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 175 100 80
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,025 465 560
Danish 295 110 185
Finnish 260 100 155
Icelandic 25 20 0
Norwegian 135 100 35
Swedish 300 120 175
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 60 25 30
Eastern European origins 14,140 6,785 7,350
Bulgarian 315 150 170
Byelorussian 390 145 245
Czech 195 95 100
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 75 30 45
Estonian 200 60 145
Hungarian 1,480 705 770
Latvian 390 165 225
Lithuanian 420 235 180
Moldovan 150 70 75
Polish 3,265 1,525 1,735
Romanian 1,145 590 550
Russian 6,290 2,985 3,305
Slovak 225 115 105
Ukrainian 2,715 1,270 1,440
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 125 90 40
Southern European origins 9,730 4,630 5,100
Albanian 100 60 50
Bosnian 95 0 65
Croatian 210 95 105
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,325 680 650
Italian 5,295 2,525 2,770
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 350 170 175
Maltese 105 60 50
Montenegrin 35 25 0
Portuguese 1,025 455 570
Serbian 475 235 240
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 45 20 20
Spanish 1,365 595 775
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 75 35 40
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 5,440 2,740 2,700
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 5,250 2,635 2,610
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 170 100 75
Caribbean origins 1,605 730 875
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 20 20 0
Barbadian 105 0 90
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 55 30 25
Dominican 45 0 0
Grenadian 70 15 55
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 900 470 430
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 55 0 45
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 240 85 160
Vincentian/Grenadinian 25 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 125 45 80
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 55 0 40
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,925 1,015 910
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 75 40 30
Argentinian 55 35 20
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 140 100 40
Chilean 80 45 35
Colombian 405 210 190
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 110 80 30
Guatemalan 30 0 25
Guyanese 275 170 105
Hispanic 30 0 15
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 195 115 80
Nicaraguan 45 0 35
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 155 55 100
Salvadorean 60 30 35
Uruguayan 40 0 25
Venezuelan 195 75 125
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 65 35 30
African origins 2,570 1,180 1,395
Central and West African origins 300 165 135
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 25 10 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 110 0 70
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 125 85 45
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 10 0 10
North African origins 1,330 665 665
Algerian 25 0 15
Berber 125 55 70
Coptic 55 0 30
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 720 360 355
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 355 185 170
Sudanese 80 25 55
Tunisian 20 0 10
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 55 30 30
Southern and East African origins 655 265 390
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 65 0 55
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 155 0 120
South African 170 90 80
Tanzanian 30 20 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 65 25 40
Zambian 20 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 80 35 45
Other African origins 350 125 220
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 125 30 95
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 225 95 125
Asian origins 64,685 30,605 34,085
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 15,350 7,965 7,385
Afghan 225 105 120
Arab, n.o.s. 625 310 315
Armenian 520 290 230
Assyrian 15 0 0
Azerbaijani 215 120 95
Georgian 105 45 60
Iranian 11,665 5,990 5,675
Iraqi 165 85 80
Israeli 465 250 215
Jordanian 60 30 30
Kazakh 10 0 0
Kurd 110 65 50
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 240 135 105
Palestinian 130 75 50
Pashtun 50 0 35
Saudi Arabian 95 45 50
Syrian 270 155 110
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 25 0 0
Turk 440 220 230
Uighur 30 15 15
Uzbek 65 0 35
Yemeni 45 20 25
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 330 210 120
South Asian origins 5,275 2,520 2,760
Bangladeshi 115 80 40
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 4,225 1,980 2,245
Goan 160 105 60
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 35 30 0
Pakistani 460 180 280
Punjabi 75 40 40
Sinhalese 40 0 20
Sri Lankan 280 145 140
Tamil 90 45 40
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 215 95 120
East and Southeast Asian origins 44,385 20,210 24,180
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 25 0 0
Chinese 25,380 11,555 13,825
Filipino 5,575 2,155 3,420
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 120 40 85
Japanese 1,190 600 590
Korean 11,610 5,650 5,960
Laotian 10 0 0
Malaysian 130 25 105
Mongolian 35 0 35
Singaporean 25 15 10
Taiwanese 990 480 510
Thai 125 55 70
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 350 145 205
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 45 30 20
Other Asian origins 180 95 80
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 180 95 80
Oceania origins 95 65 30
Australian 65 45 20
New Zealander 15 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 108,745 51,770 56,975
Buddhist 3,170 1,265 1,905
Christian 49,985 22,185 27,800
Anglican 2,595 1,080 1,510
Baptist 1,980 815 1,170
Catholic 22,355 9,775 12,580
Christian Orthodox 4,640 2,070 2,560
Lutheran 700 275 425
Pentecostal 790 315 475
Presbyterian 3,495 1,725 1,770
United Church 2,650 1,100 1,545
Other Christian 10,795 5,030 5,765
Hindu 1,925 955 965
Jewish 7,180 3,520 3,660
Muslim 12,655 6,260 6,400
Sikh 125 70 50
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 605 310 285
No religious affiliation 33,105 17,200 15,905
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 108,745 51,770 56,975
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 275 145 130
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 145 70 80
Métis single identity 125 70 50
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 108,465 51,625 56,840
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 108,740 51,770 56,975
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 100 50 50
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 108,640 51,715 56,930
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 108,740 51,770 56,975
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 435 230 210
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 345 170 175
Métis ancestry 105 70 35
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 108,305 51,540 56,765
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 77,705 36,175 41,530
Aboriginal languages 105 50 55
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 75 35 45
Non-Aboriginal languages 77,625 36,130 41,495
Italian 2,950 1,265 1,680
Portuguese 670 305 365
Romanian 890 465 420
Spanish 3,225 1,410 1,820
Dutch 270 130 135
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,425 790 630
Yiddish 460 265 195
Danish 70 0 55
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 35 25 0
Afrikaans 55 35 25
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 290 145 140
Croatian 160 90 75
Czech 95 55 45
Macedonian 250 125 125
Polish 545 240 310
Russian 7,380 3,455 3,920
Serbian 425 215 210
Serbo-Croatian 45 0 30
Slovak 70 45 30
Slovenian 15 0 0
Ukrainian 985 425 565
Latvian 145 35 105
Lithuanian 50 35 15
Greek 730 375 355
Armenian 360 195 160
Albanian 55 35 20
Estonian 120 40 85
Finnish 95 40 55
Hungarian 765 345 420
Turkish 920 520 400
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 130 0 95
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 2,065 1,070 995
Hebrew 1,905 955 945
Maltese 30 0 30
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 300 165 130
Gujarati 395 195 200
Hindi 1,700 850 850
Konkani 65 30 30
Marathi 170 80 85
Panjabi (Punjabi) 315 160 150
Sindhi 105 40 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 40 40
Urdu 865 425 440
Nepali 45 40 0
Kurdish 105 50 55
Pashto 50 35 0
Persian (Farsi) 11,750 6,055 5,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45
Kannada 75 35 45
Malayalam 75 35 35
Tamil 325 170 155
Telugu 130 75 60
Japanese 1,095 545 550
Korean 10,800 5,215 5,585
Cantonese 7,790 3,335 4,455
Fukien 155 65 85
Hakka 80 50 25
Mandarin 8,775 3,805 4,970
Taiwanese 545 245 295
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,690 3,440 4,250
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 105 35 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 210 85 130
Bisayan languages 160 50 110
Ilocano 330 115 220
Malay 285 110 175
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 4,755 1,735 3,020
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 65 40 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20
African languages, n.i.e. 35 0 25
Creoles 130 60 75
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,010 540 470
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 107,775 51,350 56,425
Non-movers 88,835 42,050 46,785
Movers 18,945 9,305 9,645
Non-migrants 11,250 5,355 5,895
Migrants 7,695 3,945 3,745
Internal migrants 3,305 1,700 1,605
Intraprovincial migrants 2,575 1,330 1,245
Interprovincial migrants 725 370 360
External migrants 4,390 2,245 2,145
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 103,970 49,400 54,570
Non-movers 49,135 22,875 26,265
Movers 54,835 26,525 28,305
Non-migrants 29,715 14,325 15,395
Migrants 25,115 12,205 12,910
Internal migrants 9,970 5,150 4,820
Intraprovincial migrants 8,135 4,125 4,010
Interprovincial migrants 1,840 1,025 815
External migrants 15,145 7,055 8,090
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 96,075 45,215 50,855
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,340 3,595 4,755
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 19,635 9,080 10,550
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 68,095 32,540 35,555
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,265 1,775 1,485
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,250 4,890 6,355
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,625 3,055 3,570
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 46,960 22,820 24,140
Bachelor's degree 27,730 12,940 14,785
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 19,235 9,880 9,355
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 66,370 31,080 35,290
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,940 855 1,085
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 9,495 4,405 5,090
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 54,935 25,820 29,115
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 1,920 970 950
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,430 3,650 4,780
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,995 2,235 2,765
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 39,595 18,965 20,625
Bachelor's degree 23,310 10,730 12,575
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 16,285 8,235 8,050
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 96,070 45,215 50,855
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 27,980 12,680 15,300
Education 3,555 580 2,980
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,970 1,070 1,905
Humanities 4,910 1,470 3,435
Social and behavioural sciences and law 8,345 3,285 5,060
Business, management and public administration 16,490 7,425 9,070
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,840 2,030 1,810
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 5,470 3,270 2,200
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 12,190 9,920 2,270
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 680 340 340
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 8,060 2,410 5,650
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,575 750 825
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 96,070 45,215 50,855
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 27,975 12,675 15,300
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 68,095 32,540 35,550
Location of study inside Canada 38,395 18,815 19,580
Same as province or territory of residence 35,325 17,365 17,960
Another province or territory 3,065 1,450 1,615
Location of study outside Canada 29,700 13,725 15,975
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 61,875 31,285 30,590
Single responses 60,060 30,475 29,595
English 56,325 28,545 27,780
French 360 130 230
Non-official languages 3,370 1,795 1,580
Chinese, n.o.s. 600 295 305
Cantonese 240 110 130
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 550 330 215
Spanish 70 50 20
Korean 1,060 525 530
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 20 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 830 470 360
Multiple responses 1,810 810 1,000
English and French 305 105 200
English and non-official language 1,465 705 760
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 30 0 30
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 61,875 31,280 30,590
English 56,325 28,550 27,780
French 360 125 235
Non-official language 3,375 1,795 1,580
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 3,365 1,795 1,575
English and French 310 110 200
English and non-official language 1,465 705 755
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 30 0 25
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 96,075 45,215 50,855
In the labour force 58,545 29,730 28,810
Employed 53,700 27,365 26,335
Unemployed 4,845 2,370 2,475
Not in the labour force 37,530 15,485 22,045
Participation rate 60.9 65.8 56.7
Employment rate 55.9 60.5 51.8
Unemployment rate 8.3 8.0 8.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 58,545 29,730 28,810
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,000 1,005 995
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 56,545 28,730 27,815
Employee 48,440 23,635 24,810
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,105 5,095 3,010
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 58,545 29,730 28,815
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,000 1,000 1,000
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 56,545 28,730 27,815
0 Management occupations 8,190 4,975 3,205
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,375 4,545 7,835
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 8,265 6,210 2,050
3 Health occupations 3,365 1,130 2,235
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,225 2,400 4,825
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,205 955 1,245
6 Sales and service occupations 10,855 4,990 5,865
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,945 2,670 270
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 185 160 30
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 935 685 250
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 58,540 29,730 28,815
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,995 1,000 995
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 56,545 28,730 27,820
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 50 30 20
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 135 95 35
22 Utilities 435 250 185
23 Construction 1,825 1,580 240
31-33 Manufacturing 3,240 2,385 855
41 Wholesale trade 2,785 1,795 990
44-45 Retail trade 5,650 2,600 3,050
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,405 1,030 375
51 Information and cultural industries 2,285 1,190 1,095
52 Finance and insurance 6,835 3,230 3,600
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,890 1,050 840
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 9,150 5,465 3,685
55 Management of companies and enterprises 80 35 45
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,170 1,050 1,120
61 Educational services 4,245 1,530 2,715
62 Health care and social assistance 5,155 1,350 3,810
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 905 450 455
72 Accommodation and food services 2,735 1,315 1,420
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,805 1,005 1,800
91 Public administration 2,765 1,290 1,475
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 58,540 29,730 28,815
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,215 2,015 2,195
Worked in 2010 54,330 27,715 26,615
1 to 13 weeks 3,340 1,640 1,700
14 to 26 weeks 4,340 2,160 2,175
27 to 39 weeks 2,935 1,565 1,375
40 to 48 weeks 9,095 4,565 4,535
49 to 52 weeks 34,620 17,790 16,830
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.3 44.4 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 58,540 29,730 28,810
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,210 2,015 2,195
Worked in 2010 54,330 27,715 26,615
Worked full-time in 2010 44,690 23,970 20,725
Worked part-time in 2010 9,640 3,745 5,895
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 53,700 27,365 26,335
Worked at home 4,890 2,580 2,310
Worked outside Canada 670 435 235
No fixed workplace address 5,025 3,355 1,675
Worked at usual place 43,115 21,005 22,115
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 48,145 24,350 23,790
Car, truck or van - as a driver 23,190 14,125 9,060
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,565 450 1,115
Public transit 20,195 8,150 12,045
Walked 2,550 1,200 1,350
Bicycle 175 145 30
Other methods 465 280 185
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 48,145 24,350 23,790
Median commuting duration 30.8 30.7 30.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 48,140 24,355 23,790
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 5,815 3,745 2,070
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 32,850 15,870 16,985
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,480 4,740 4,735
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 45,600 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 43,555 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,045 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 45,600 ... ...
1960 or before 8,655 ... ...
1961 to 1980 9,415 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,430 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,645 ... ...
2001 to 2005 8,955 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 6,500 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 45,600 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 23,795 ... ...
5 rooms 6,125 ... ...
6 rooms 4,800 ... ...
7 rooms 3,305 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,580 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 45,600 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 13,385 ... ...
2 bedrooms 16,000 ... ...
3 bedrooms 8,750 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,470 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 45,600 ... ...
Owner 29,890 ... ...
Renter 15,705 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 45,595 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 23,415 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 22,180 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 45,600 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,600 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,265 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,735 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 45,600 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,875 ... ...
25 to 34 years 8,850 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,755 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,750 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,410 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,560 ... ...
75 years and over 5,405 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 45,595 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 43,100 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,500 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 45,600 ... ...
Suitable 39,030 ... ...
Not suitable 6,570 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 45,295 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 26,135 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 19,160 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,250 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 29,890 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 54.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 35.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,290 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,485 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 449,660 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 540,774 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 15,710 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 9.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 54.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,305 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,297 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 96,075 45,215 50,855
Without income 6,175 2,265 3,910
With income 89,895 42,950 46,950
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 16,675 7,970 8,705
$5,000 to $9,999 5,990 2,620 3,370
$10,000 to $14,999 7,385 2,980 4,405
$15,000 to $19,999 7,990 3,295 4,700
$20,000 to $29,999 9,950 4,465 5,490
$30,000 to $39,999 7,880 3,505 4,375
$40,000 to $49,999 6,905 3,325 3,580
$50,000 to $59,999 6,065 2,735 3,335
$60,000 to $79,999 8,575 4,465 4,110
$80,000 to $99,999 5,320 2,985 2,335
$100,000 and over 7,155 4,610 2,545
$100,000 to $124,999 3,255 1,835 1,415
$125,000 and over 3,900 2,770 1,130
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,200 30,310 23,274
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 42,045 48,919 35,757
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 96,075 45,215 50,855
Without after-tax income 6,190 2,265 3,925
With after-tax income 89,880 42,950 46,930
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 16,790 8,025 8,765
$5,000 to $9,999 6,065 2,630 3,435
$10,000 to $14,999 7,680 3,030 4,650
$15,000 to $19,999 8,270 3,465 4,805
$20,000 to $29,999 11,230 5,075 6,155
$30,000 to $39,999 9,840 4,430 5,400
$40,000 to $49,999 8,420 3,995 4,425
$50,000 to $59,999 6,475 3,355 3,115
$60,000 to $79,999 8,235 4,480 3,755
$80,000 to $99,999 3,470 2,040 1,425
$100,000 and over 3,425 2,425 1,000
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,893 28,271 22,105
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,675 39,552 30,212
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.3 92.3 87.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 76.7 79.8 72.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.3 70.6 67.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 7.4 9.2 5.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.2 5.5 7.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.5 5.5 5.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.5 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.7 7.7 12.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.5 2.2 2.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.7 1.9 3.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.9 0.7 1.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.9 0.1 2.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.8 2.8 2.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.5 19.1 15.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.5 80.9 84.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 1.8 1.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 31,000 16,310 14,685
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 55,767 61,489 51,526
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 67,613 75,887 58,424
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 30,150 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,474 ... ...
Average family income ($) 96,371 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,039 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 79,438 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,930 ... ...
Median family income ($) 73,194 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,144 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,329 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,109 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,880 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,685 ... ...
Average family income ($) 112,139 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 74,758 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 91,662 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,525 ... ...
Median family income ($) 46,071 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,006 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 43,927 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,300 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 19,315 8,690 10,630
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,996 35,657 32,800
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 45,236 49,541 41,716
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,420 32,494 30,509
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,343 40,273 34,947
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 108,740 51,770 56,975
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 54,960 25,665 29,295
In bottom decile 19,425 9,215 10,210
In second decile 11,295 5,265 6,025
In third decile 8,915 4,240 4,675
In fourth decile 8,370 3,765 4,605
In fifth decile 6,960 3,175 3,780
In top half of the Canadian distribution 53,785 26,105 27,680
In sixth decile 8,125 3,840 4,280
In seventh decile 8,040 3,710 4,330
In eighth decile 9,740 4,815 4,925
In ninth decile 11,770 5,590 6,180
In top decile 16,105 8,145 7,970
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 45,600 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,365 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,300 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,225 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,580 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,875 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,610 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,230 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,340 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,950 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,585 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,870 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,580 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,085 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 45,600 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,410 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,290 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,240 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,630 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,230 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,355 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,105 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,215 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,555 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,275 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,295 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,465 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,830 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 45,600 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 61,022 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 82,890 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,914 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,349 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 13,790 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 41,854 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 52,186 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 37,068 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 42,684 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 31,810 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 72,575 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 96,197 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 65,172 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 79,472 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 108,740 51,765 56,970
Less than 18 years 15,565 8,045 7,525
Less than 6 years 5,455 2,745 2,710
18 to 64 years 77,730 36,830 40,905
65 years and over 15,445 6,900 8,550
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 25,940 12,275 13,670
Less than 18 years 3,930 2,080 1,855
Less than 6 years 1,085 590 495
18 to 64 years 19,810 9,395 10,420
65 years and over 2,200 805 1,400
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 23.9 23.7 24.0
Less than 18 years (%) 25.2 25.9 24.7
Less than 6 years (%) 19.9 21.5 18.3
18 to 64 years (%) 25.5 25.5 25.5
65 years and over (%) 14.2 11.7 16.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Willowdale, Ontario (Code 35115) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 17, 2019).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Willowdale, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Willowdale, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Willowdale
Ontario
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 109,680 51,945 57,730
0 to 4 years 4,845 2,510 2,335
5 to 9 years 3,730 1,920 1,810
10 to 14 years 4,030 2,065 1,965
15 to 19 years 5,490 2,835 2,655
15 years 910 475 430
16 years 1,020 530 490
17 years 1,040 560 480
18 years 1,230 620 610
19 years 1,290 645 645
20 to 24 years 9,080 4,520 4,560
25 to 29 years 10,885 5,230 5,660
30 to 34 years 9,920 4,735 5,185
35 to 39 years 8,270 4,050 4,220
40 to 44 years 7,970 3,760 4,205
45 to 49 years 8,305 3,825 4,480
50 to 54 years 8,065 3,635 4,425
55 to 59 years 6,910 3,175 3,735
60 to 64 years 5,980 2,795 3,185
65 to 69 years 4,165 1,910 2,255
70 to 74 years 3,660 1,600 2,065
75 to 79 years 3,085 1,360 1,720
80 to 84 years 2,670 1,120 1,550
85 years and over 2,620 905 1,715
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.1 37.5 40.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 88.5 87.5 89.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 97,075 45,455 51,620
Married or living with a common-law partner 52,720 26,070 26,655
Married (and not separated) 48,295 23,815 24,475
Living common law 4,430 2,255 2,180
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 44,355 19,385 24,970
Single (never legally married) 31,530 15,860 15,665
Separated 2,265 880 1,385
Divorced 5,435 1,825 3,615
Widowed 5,125 820 4,305
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 30,260 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,695 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,985 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,020 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,565 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 30,260 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 25,150 ... ...
Married couples 22,940 ... ...
Without children at home 9,510 ... ...
With children at home 13,425 ... ...
1 child 6,345 ... ...
2 children 5,595 ... ...
3 or more children 1,480 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,215 ... ...
Without children at home 1,765 ... ...
With children at home 450 ... ...
1 child 260 ... ...
2 children 160 ... ...
3 or more children 35 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,110 ... ...
Female parent 4,310 ... ...
1 child 2,825 ... ...
2 children 1,210 ... ...
3 or more children 275 ... ...
Male parent 800 ... ...
1 child 595 ... ...
2 children 175 ... ...
3 or more children 35 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 30,170 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,600 ... ...
6 to 14 years 6,915 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,815 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,830 ... ...
25 years and over 7,005 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 108,710 51,610 57,100
Number of persons not in census families 23,135 9,915 13,210
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,850 1,395 2,460
Living with non-relatives only 5,575 2,745 2,825
Living alone 13,715 5,785 7,930
Number of census family persons 85,580 41,690 43,885
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 15,470 6,675 8,795
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,160 1,260 3,895
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 965 165 795
Living with non-relatives only 285 125 155
Living alone 3,915 970 2,940
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 10,315 5,415 4,900
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 45,560 ... ...
Census-family households 29,100 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,665 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 21,625 ... ...
Without children 9,575 ... ...
With children 12,050 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,040 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,440 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,340 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,745 ... ...
Without children 710 ... ...
With children 1,030 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 590 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,100 ... ...
Non-census-family households 16,455 ... ...
One-person households 13,715 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,750 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 45,560 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,680 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 25,935 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 0 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 6,945 ... ...
Semi-detached house 865 ... ...
Row house 1,555 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,360 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 3,150 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 45,565 ... ...
1 person 13,710 ... ...
2 persons 14,395 ... ...
3 persons 8,225 ... ...
4 persons 6,255 ... ...
5 persons 1,910 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,065 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 108,710 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,940 51,685 57,255
  Single responses  105,560 50,105 55,460
    English  35,655 17,830 17,825
    French  960 460 505
    Non-official languages  68,945 31,820 37,125
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 68,340 31,515 36,825
        African languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Afrikaans  15 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 10
        Albanian  100 55 50
        Amharic  30 15 15
        Arabic  1,340 735 605
        Armenian  345 165 180
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  350 185 160
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  105 30 70
        Bosnian  20 10 10
        Bulgarian  210 100 115
        Burmese  15 5 10
        Cantonese  6,435 2,845 3,585
        Chinese, n.o.s.  7,485 3,270 4,215
        Creoles  45 20 25
        Croatian  140 65 80
        Czech  85 40 45
        Danish  35 20 20
        Dutch  205 95 115
        Estonian  125 60 70
        Finnish  125 55 70
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  110 50 65
        German  660 315 345
        Greek  660 310 350
        Gujarati  310 145 165
        Hakka  85 40 40
        Hebrew  595 315 280
        Hindi  540 285 260
        Hungarian  655 315 345
        Ilocano  265 90 175
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 55 30 20
        Italian  1,885 880 1,005
        Japanese  650 250 400
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 10 5
        Korean  10,010 4,700 5,310
        Kurdish  95 45 50
        Lao  10 5 5
        Latvian  125 55 75
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  70 35 40
        Macedonian  205 100 105
        Malay  220 100 120
        Malayalam  80 45 40
        Maltese  15 5 5
        Mandarin  6,215 2,780 3,430
        Marathi  75 40 35
        Nepali  15 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Norwegian  15 10 5
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  170 85 85
        Pashto  30 15 10
        Persian (Farsi)  10,705 5,395 5,305
        Polish  585 255 335
        Portuguese  545 245 295
        Romanian  875 405 470
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  6,285 2,885 3,400
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Serbian  415 205 215
        Serbo-Croatian  40 20 25
        Shanghainese  50 20 30
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Sindhi  70 35 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  35 20 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slovak  75 40 35
        Slovenian  75 30 45
        Somali  20 10 15
        Spanish  1,760 790 965
        Swahili  15 10 10
        Swedish  20 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,815 925 1,885
        Taiwanese  430 185 245
        Tamil  275 145 130
        Telugu  75 45 35
        Thai  55 20 35
        Tibetan languages  5 5 5
        Tigrigna  20 5 10
        Turkish  440 245 195
        Ukrainian  380 165 215
        Urdu  535 270 270
        Vietnamese  290 125 170
        Yiddish  255 115 135
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 605 305 295
  Multiple responses          3,380 1,580 1,800
    English and French  185 85 95
    English and non-official language  2,950 1,370 1,585
    French and non-official language  140 75 70
    English, French and non-official language 100 50 50
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,940 51,685 57,255
  English only 93,605 45,270 48,335
  French only 95 35 55
  English and French 8,705 3,830 4,875
  Neither English nor French 6,540 2,555 3,980
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,940 51,685 57,255
  English 99,620 47,890 51,725
  French 1,110 530 585
  English and French 1,770 755 1,015
  Neither English nor French 6,435 2,510 3,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,000 905 1,090
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.8 1.8 1.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,940 51,685 57,260
  Single responses 100,725 47,885 52,840
    English 53,095 25,820 27,275
    French 430 205 220
    Non-official languages 47,205 21,865 25,340
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 46,915 21,715 25,195
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 5 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 10 5 5
        Albanian 60 35 30
        Amharic 15 10 5
        Arabic 705 360 340
        Armenian 160 75 90
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Bengali 140 75 70
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 25 15 10
        Bosnian 10 10 5
        Bulgarian 120 60 60
        Burmese 0 0 5
        Cantonese 4,845 2,085 2,760
        Chinese, n.o.s. 5,155 2,285 2,870
        Creoles 30 15 15
        Croatian 50 25 25
        Czech 10 5 10
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 20 10 15
        Estonian 40 20 25
        Finnish 45 20 25
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 50 15 35
        German 140 65 75
        Greek 240 115 130
        Gujarati 130 60 70
        Hakka 25 15 10
        Hebrew 320 165 155
        Hindi 270 140 135
        Hungarian 260 120 135
        Ilocano 130 50 80
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Italian 675 285 395
        Japanese 445 205 240
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 8,195 3,890 4,305
        Kurdish 45 25 25
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 65 30 35
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 25 10 10
        Macedonian 90 45 50
        Malay 110 50 60
        Malayalam 45 25 15
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 5,020 2,310 2,705
        Marathi 30 15 15
        Nepali 10 10 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 55 25 25
        Pashto 25 10 15
        Persian (Farsi) 8,645 4,295 4,350
        Polish 220 100 120
        Portuguese 325 160 160
        Romanian 490 235 260
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 4,765 2,195 2,570
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Serbian 300 145 155
        Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10
        Shanghainese 25 15 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Sindhi 15 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 25 15 15
        Slovenian 15 10 10
        Somali 20 0 15
        Spanish 1,040 465 570
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,745 605 1,140
        Taiwanese 240 110 130
        Tamil 130 70 60
        Telugu 40 15 20
        Thai 35 15 20
        Tibetan languages 5 5 5
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 250 140 115
        Ukrainian 165 75 90
        Urdu 240 115 125
        Vietnamese 145 60 80
        Yiddish 15 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 290 150 145
  Multiple responses         8,210 3,795 4,420
    English and French 195 80 110
    English and non-official language 7,835 3,635 4,200
    French and non-official language 60 30 35
    English, French and non-official language 125 50 70
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,940 51,685 57,255
  None 74,195 35,520 38,675
  Single responses  34,030 15,855 18,180
    English  17,215 8,145 9,070
    French  730 330 400
    Non-official languages  16,085 7,375 8,705
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,880 7,285 8,595
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Afrikaans  15 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  25 15 15
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  450 240 215
        Armenian  135 65 70
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Bengali  125 60 60
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  35 10 30
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  20 5 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  1,615 750 870
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,315 585 735
        Creoles  50 35 25
        Croatian  55 25 30
        Czech  35 10 25
        Danish  15 5 10
        Dutch  75 30 50
        Estonian  45 25 30
        Finnish  35 10 20
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  45 25 20
        German  290 135 160
        Greek  380 180 205
        Gujarati  140 65 75
        Hakka  20 10 10
        Hebrew  430 210 220
        Hindi  400 200 200
        Hungarian  225 100 125
        Ilocano  65 20 45
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Italian  760 365 395
        Japanese  245 105 140
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 5 0
        Korean  1,340 630 710
        Kurdish  15 5 10
        Lao  0 5 0
        Latvian  35 20 20
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  20 5 10
        Macedonian  60 25 35
        Malay  70 25 40
        Malayalam  35 15 20
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  1,190 495 700
        Marathi  15 10 5
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 5 20
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  80 30 55
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  1,265 695 570
        Polish  190 80 110
        Portuguese  175 70 100
        Romanian  220 100 120
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  1,235 585 650
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Serbian  95 45 45
        Serbo-Croatian  10 0 10
        Shanghainese  35 15 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  20 15 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 10 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slovak  25 10 15
        Slovenian  30 15 20
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  635 290 350
        Swahili  20 10 10
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  785 240 545
        Taiwanese  185 80 105
        Tamil  105 55 50
        Telugu  30 20 15
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 5
        Turkish  175 90 90
        Ukrainian  140 70 70
        Urdu  255 115 135
        Vietnamese  95 40 55
        Yiddish  40 15 25
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 200 90 110
  Multiple responses          715 310 405
    English and French  100 40 65
    English and non-official language  310 150 160
    French and non-official language  295 120 175
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Willowdale, Ontario (Code 35115) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed November 17, 2019).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Willowdale (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Willowdale, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Willowdale, Ontario (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Willowdale (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census