NHS Profile, Edmonton Strathcona, Alberta, 2011

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NHS data, Edmonton Strathcona, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton Strathcona
Alberta
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 100,585 50,565 50,020
Canadian citizens 90,905 45,390 45,510
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,505 6,685 6,820
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 77,395 38,710 38,685
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 9,685 5,175 4,510
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 100,585 50,565 50,025
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 79,485 39,885 39,600
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 16,580 8,095 8,485
Before 1971 4,160 1,965 2,200
1971 to 1980 2,200 1,130 1,070
1981 to 1990 1,685 770 920
1991 to 2000 2,205 1,060 1,145
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,325 3,175 3,155
2001 to 2005 1,985 1,035 950
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,340 2,135 2,205
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 4,525 2,585 1,940
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 16,575 8,100 8,485
Under 5 years 1,820 1,025 795
5 to 14 years 2,780 1,465 1,310
15 to 24 years 3,755 1,760 1,995
25 to 44 years 7,330 3,425 3,905
45 years and over 895 415 475
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 100,585 50,565 50,025
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 79,490 39,885 39,600
Born in province of residence 55,515 27,730 27,780
Born outside province of residence 23,970 12,150 11,820
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 16,580 8,095 8,480
Americas 2,340 1,190 1,155
United States 1,120 585 540
Jamaica 80 50 25
Guyana 80 30 55
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 180 70 115
Trinidad and Tobago 95 65 30
Colombia 120 70 45
El Salvador 105 85 25
Peru 65 40 25
Chile 150 55 95
Other places of birth in Americas 335 155 180
Europe 6,495 3,140 3,355
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,795 840 950
Italy 175 95 80
Germany 1,230 645 585
Poland 865 305 555
Portugal 20 0 0
Netherlands 285 145 145
France 125 35 90
Romania 145 80 65
Russian Federation 225 90 135
Greece 75 60 10
Ukraine 485 250 230
Croatia 105 60 40
Hungary 45 25 20
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 25 0
Serbia 65 35 30
Ireland, Republic of 175 75 100
Other places of birth in Europe 650 355 295
Africa 1,065 610 460
Morocco 50 35 0
Algeria 60 30 25
Egypt 130 65 70
South Africa, Republic of 165 95 70
Nigeria 150 90 60
Ethiopia 35 20 20
Kenya 50 20 30
Other places of birth in Africa 430 260 165
Asia 6,450 3,045 3,400
India 795 415 380
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,350 680 665
Philippines 1,370 485 885
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 280 135 145
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 310 145 160
Pakistan 210 130 80
Sri Lanka 110 70 45
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 345 180 170
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 320 135 190
Lebanon 120 60 60
Taiwan 235 105 125
Iraq 85 35 50
Bangladesh 95 60 35
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Japan 100 50 55
Turkey 45 25 0
Other places of birth in Asia 670 330 335
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 220 105 110
Fiji 30 0 20
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 190 100 90
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 4,520 2,585 1,940
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,340 2,140 2,205
Americas 460 240 225
United States 180 80 100
Mexico 60 35 20
Cuba 10 0 15
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 20 0 0
Colombia 70 40 25
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 80 50 30
Europe 605 270 335
France 30 0 20
Germany 100 35 70
Poland 30 0 20
Romania 30 10 20
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 80 20 60
Ukraine 90 45 45
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 150 75 70
Other places of birth in Europe 85 55 30
Africa 505 270 230
Nigeria 120 75 50
Ethiopia 15 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 30 0 0
Egypt 105 50 55
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 20 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 55 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 110 50 55
Asia 2,720 1,335 1,385
Philippines 745 280 465
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 500 280 220
India 375 215 155
Pakistan 125 65 60
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 205 125 80
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 225 85 140
Sri Lanka 70 45 30
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 80 45 35
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 35 0 30
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 25 0 20
Turkey 20 15 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 30 20 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 160 75 85
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 50 20 25
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 100,585 50,565 50,020
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 21,455 10,880 10,575
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 20,955 9,785 11,170
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 58,175 29,900 28,275
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 100,585 50,565 50,020
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 16,560 8,430 8,130
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,825 1,555 1,265
Chinese 4,460 2,175 2,285
Black 1,505 800 705
Filipino 2,160 920 1,235
Latin American 1,185 650 535
Arab 1,040 585 460
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 765 400 360
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 800 515 285
Korean 660 300 360
Japanese 445 195 245
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 245 100 145
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 485 230 255
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 84,025 42,140 41,890
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 100,585 50,565 50,025
North American Aboriginal origins 5,680 2,875 2,800
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,600 1,895 1,705
Inuit 135 50 80
Métis 2,255 1,025 1,225
Other North American origins 20,750 10,520 10,230
Acadian 315 180 140
American 2,260 1,100 1,160
Canadian 19,045 9,645 9,400
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 50 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 100 50 45
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 35 20 0
European origins 76,955 38,320 38,630
British Isles origins 46,480 23,405 23,075
Channel Islander 20 20 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 25,090 12,380 12,710
Irish 18,575 8,795 9,780
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 21,395 10,595 10,800
Welsh 2,675 1,295 1,385
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,060 1,600 1,465
French origins 12,515 6,285 6,230
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 12,510 6,280 6,230
Western European origins (except French origins) 24,270 12,075 12,190
Austrian 1,515 750 760
Belgian 570 300 270
Dutch 4,250 2,135 2,115
Flemish 75 55 20
Frisian 0 0 0
German 19,205 9,535 9,665
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 690 350 345
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 9,490 4,555 4,945
Danish 1,745 805 945
Finnish 455 250 205
Icelandic 530 200 325
Norwegian 4,775 2,405 2,370
Swedish 2,775 1,165 1,605
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 350 165 190
Eastern European origins 22,585 10,835 11,755
Bulgarian 80 35 45
Byelorussian 75 30 45
Czech 600 265 340
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 390 210 180
Estonian 160 95 65
Hungarian 1,090 505 590
Latvian 95 50 45
Lithuanian 285 135 150
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 6,385 2,970 3,410
Romanian 850 365 485
Russian 2,770 1,405 1,360
Slovak 320 150 170
Ukrainian 13,565 6,485 7,085
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 45 35 0
Southern European origins 4,700 2,365 2,335
Albanian 30 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 365 145 220
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 290 180 110
Italian 2,475 1,270 1,200
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 10 0 0
Maltese 20 20 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 275 145 135
Serbian 185 110 80
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 110 45 65
Spanish 990 455 535
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 155 50 100
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,130 665 460
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 830 445 385
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 275 200 70
Caribbean origins 820 425 395
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 100 25 75
Bermudan 15 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 20 0 15
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 30 0 20
Jamaican 215 130 85
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 25 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 240 115 120
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 135 70 65
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 80 60 25
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,590 955 635
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 55 20 40
Argentinian 40 15 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 65 40 25
Chilean 175 80 95
Colombian 180 85 95
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 20 0 0
Guatemalan 55 0 0
Guyanese 85 50 35
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 80 60 0
Maya 20 20 0
Mexican 570 390 180
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 80 35 45
Salvadorean 100 65 35
Uruguayan 30 0 0
Venezuelan 55 40 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 1,985 1,055 930
Central and West African origins 510 285 230
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 30 0 0
Cameroonian 15 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 25 15 10
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 45 30 10
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 10 0 10
Ivorian 15 15 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 265 160 100
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 20 35
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 40 25 15
North African origins 535 295 240
Algerian 80 40 40
Berber 25 15 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 325 185 140
Libyan 35 15 15
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 30 0 0
Sudanese 15 0 0
Tunisian 30 20 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 615 330 285
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 25 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 65 30 35
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 25 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 30 15 15
South African 195 120 75
Tanzanian 50 20 30
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 50 35 20
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 135 45 85
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 55 30 25
Other African origins 435 230 205
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 55 35 20
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 380 195 185
Asian origins 14,475 7,245 7,230
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,245 1,280 965
Afghan 25 0 25
Arab, n.o.s. 450 270 185
Armenian 40 35 0
Assyrian 30 0 15
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 805 510 295
Iraqi 100 50 50
Israeli 65 20 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 40 30 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 325 165 160
Palestinian 55 30 25
Pashtun 15 0 0
Saudi Arabian 130 60 65
Syrian 35 15 15
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 175 90 90
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 50 20 30
South Asian origins 3,000 1,675 1,320
Bangladeshi 125 60 65
Bengali 35 15 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,285 1,240 1,040
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 100 50 50
Pakistani 260 160 100
Punjabi 50 35 15
Sinhalese 45 40 0
Sri Lankan 155 95 65
Tamil 35 15 15
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 85 40 45
East and Southeast Asian origins 9,295 4,295 5,000
Burmese 115 50 65
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 5,050 2,420 2,630
Filipino 2,440 1,080 1,360
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 160 55 105
Japanese 560 250 315
Korean 685 310 370
Laotian 20 15 0
Malaysian 130 90 35
Mongolian 15 0 15
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 150 75 75
Thai 70 20 50
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 335 155 180
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 60 0 40
Other Asian origins 140 95 45
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 140 100 40
Oceania origins 450 230 220
Australian 320 175 140
New Zealander 85 45 45
Pacific Islands origins 50 0 30
Fijian 15 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 100,590 50,565 50,020
Buddhist 1,095 525 570
Christian 53,105 24,730 28,380
Anglican 3,485 1,505 1,975
Baptist 2,220 1,110 1,105
Catholic 22,200 10,490 11,710
Christian Orthodox 1,965 1,010 950
Lutheran 3,545 1,635 1,900
Pentecostal 1,075 505 570
Presbyterian 670 285 385
United Church 5,590 2,300 3,290
Other Christian 12,360 5,880 6,480
Hindu 1,175 665 510
Jewish 475 265 205
Muslim 2,470 1,405 1,070
Sikh 200 110 90
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 130 65 65
Other religions 1,080 445 635
No religious affiliation 40,850 22,350 18,495
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 100,590 50,565 50,020
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 4,320 2,065 2,255
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,815 855 965
Métis single identity 2,330 1,150 1,185
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 80 30 50
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 45 0 35
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 50 30 25
Non-Aboriginal identity 96,270 48,500 47,765
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 100,585 50,570 50,020
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,520 710 810
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 99,065 49,855 49,210
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 100,585 50,565 50,020
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 5,675 2,875 2,800
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,605 1,895 1,705
Métis ancestry 2,250 1,030 1,225
Inuit ancestry 135 55 80
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 94,905 47,690 47,220
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 25,270 12,040 13,230
Aboriginal languages 310 130 185
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 270 120 155
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,975 11,910 13,060
Italian 645 290 360
Portuguese 185 95 85
Romanian 170 80 85
Spanish 3,445 1,660 1,785
Dutch 400 200 200
Flemish 0 0 0
German 3,810 1,840 1,970
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 130 65 65
Norwegian 80 30 50
Swedish 75 35 35
Afrikaans 105 40 60
Gaelic languages 55 30 25
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 35 20 20
Croatian 160 75 90
Czech 175 75 105
Macedonian 10 0 0
Polish 1,065 385 680
Russian 645 310 335
Serbian 100 55 40
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 0
Slovak 50 20 30
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 1,985 880 1,100
Latvian 20 0 0
Lithuanian 60 0 50
Greek 220 95 130
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 30 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 50 30 20
Hungarian 155 115 45
Turkish 100 65 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 30 15 15
Amharic 40 25 20
Arabic 1,140 605 535
Hebrew 100 50 50
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 245 135 115
Gujarati 165 95 70
Hindi 935 545 385
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 355 185 180
Sindhi 25 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 130 50
Urdu 395 240 150
Nepali 80 40 40
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 60 25 30
Persian (Farsi) 780 495 285
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 15 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 70 35 30
Tamil 205 115 90
Telugu 100 60 35
Japanese 515 250 265
Korean 650 300 350
Cantonese 1,015 445 575
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,460 670 790
Taiwanese 65 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,635 840 790
Lao 15 15 0
Thai 80 35 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 305 145 155
Bisayan languages 80 0 55
Ilocano 140 80 60
Malay 130 80 55
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,895 740 1,155
Akan (Twi) 25 0 0
Lingala 15 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 155 80 75
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 75 35 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 220 130 95
African languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Creoles 25 0 15
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 705 310 395
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 99,495 50,060 49,430
Non-movers 78,800 38,895 39,900
Movers 20,700 11,165 9,535
Non-migrants 13,595 7,420 6,180
Migrants 7,105 3,745 3,355
Internal migrants 5,255 2,780 2,475
Intraprovincial migrants 3,075 1,570 1,505
Interprovincial migrants 2,180 1,215 965
External migrants 1,845 965 880
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 95,895 48,265 47,630
Non-movers 47,465 22,770 24,700
Movers 48,430 25,495 22,935
Non-migrants 25,775 13,805 11,965
Migrants 22,660 11,690 10,965
Internal migrants 15,165 7,650 7,515
Intraprovincial migrants 8,110 4,175 3,935
Interprovincial migrants 7,055 3,480 3,575
External migrants 7,495 4,035 3,455
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 88,520 44,585 43,930
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,555 5,170 5,385
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,335 10,390 10,945
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 56,630 29,030 27,605
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,295 6,400 1,895
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,530 6,130 7,395
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,660 1,455 2,205
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 31,145 15,040 16,105
Bachelor's degree 18,905 8,675 10,230
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 12,245 6,365 5,875
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 58,985 30,690 28,295
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,165 2,365 1,800
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,025 5,790 5,235
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 43,795 22,535 21,265
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,890 4,735 1,150
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,260 4,790 5,470
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,480 980 1,505
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 25,170 12,030 13,135
Bachelor's degree 14,840 6,815 8,025
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,325 5,220 5,110
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 88,520 44,585 43,930
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 31,890 15,560 16,330
Education 5,005 1,460 3,545
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,385 1,130 1,260
Humanities 3,530 1,550 1,980
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,460 2,395 4,070
Business, management and public administration 8,465 3,625 4,840
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,200 2,310 1,895
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,410 1,415 990
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 12,995 11,755 1,240
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 935 450 490
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 8,280 1,980 6,300
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,955 955 1,000
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 88,515 44,590 43,930
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 31,885 15,560 16,330
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 56,625 29,030 27,605
Location of study inside Canada 47,375 24,300 23,075
Same as province or territory of residence 38,385 19,715 18,675
Another province or territory 8,990 4,590 4,400
Location of study outside Canada 9,250 4,725 4,525
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 68,925 36,655 32,270
Single responses 68,575 36,505 32,070
English 67,645 36,160 31,480
French 690 260 435
Non-official languages 235 85 150
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 0 20
Cantonese 15 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 30 30 0
Korean 55 20 30
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 80 15 65
Multiple responses 350 150 200
English and French 165 90 75
English and non-official language 165 45 115
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 68,925 36,655 32,270
English 67,645 36,160 31,485
French 695 260 435
Non-official language 235 85 150
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 230 85 150
English and French 165 90 75
English and non-official language 165 45 120
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 88,520 44,585 43,935
In the labour force 64,430 34,490 29,945
Employed 60,405 32,235 28,165
Unemployed 4,030 2,255 1,775
Not in the labour force 24,085 10,100 13,985
Participation rate 72.8 77.4 68.2
Employment rate 68.2 72.3 64.1
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.5 5.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 64,435 34,495 29,945
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 790 370 420
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,640 34,120 29,520
Employee 58,340 30,845 27,500
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,295 3,275 2,030
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 64,435 34,490 29,945
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 790 370 420
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,640 34,120 29,520
0 Management occupations 5,855 3,470 2,385
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,430 3,055 6,375
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,625 4,385 1,235
3 Health occupations 4,740 1,075 3,665
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 10,820 4,675 6,150
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,825 1,325 1,500
6 Sales and service occupations 11,840 4,860 6,980
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,840 9,060 785
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,185 1,000 185
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,480 1,230 255
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 64,435 34,490 29,945
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 790 370 420
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,640 34,120 29,520
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 215 110 100
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,140 955 190
22 Utilities 680 530 145
23 Construction 5,305 4,675 625
31-33 Manufacturing 3,815 2,985 825
41 Wholesale trade 2,510 1,885 625
44-45 Retail trade 5,840 2,725 3,115
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,170 1,500 665
51 Information and cultural industries 1,880 1,110 775
52 Finance and insurance 1,925 750 1,180
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,055 615 440
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,955 3,020 1,935
55 Management of companies and enterprises 50 25 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,385 1,375 1,010
61 Educational services 9,245 4,025 5,215
62 Health care and social assistance 6,845 1,445 5,400
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,435 745 685
72 Accommodation and food services 4,070 1,495 2,575
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,930 1,475 1,455
91 Public administration 5,210 2,670 2,530
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 64,435 34,490 29,945
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,710 1,430 1,285
Worked in 2010 61,725 33,065 28,665
1 to 13 weeks 2,920 1,325 1,595
14 to 26 weeks 5,760 3,030 2,725
27 to 39 weeks 4,730 2,615 2,115
40 to 48 weeks 10,595 5,595 5,000
49 to 52 weeks 37,715 20,500 17,220
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.0 44.3 43.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 64,435 34,490 29,945
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,705 1,430 1,280
Worked in 2010 61,725 33,060 28,660
Worked full-time in 2010 50,325 29,170 21,150
Worked part-time in 2010 11,405 3,890 7,510
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 60,400 32,235 28,165
Worked at home 3,145 1,530 1,620
Worked outside Canada 185 135 50
No fixed workplace address 7,370 5,370 2,000
Worked at usual place 49,700 25,205 24,500
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 57,070 30,570 26,500
Car, truck or van - as a driver 36,450 20,710 15,745
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,550 1,035 1,515
Public transit 9,650 4,365 5,290
Walked 5,250 2,210 3,035
Bicycle 2,435 1,745 700
Other methods 735 520 210
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 57,070 30,575 26,500
Median commuting duration 20.3 20.3 20.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 57,070 30,570 26,500
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 12,420 8,365 4,055
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 34,135 16,975 17,160
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,520 5,235 5,285
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 48,145 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 43,760 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,385 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 48,145 ... ...
1960 or before 19,620 ... ...
1961 to 1980 18,050 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,845 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,970 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,675 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,975 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 48,145 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 18,000 ... ...
5 rooms 6,850 ... ...
6 rooms 5,750 ... ...
7 rooms 5,260 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,290 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 48,145 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 9,960 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,185 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,575 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 11,430 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 48,140 ... ...
Owner 25,215 ... ...
Renter 22,925 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 48,145 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 7,295 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 40,845 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 48,140 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,330 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,755 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,050 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 48,145 ... ...
Under 25 years 4,835 ... ...
25 to 34 years 11,210 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,460 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,735 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,215 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,790 ... ...
75 years and over 4,895 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 48,140 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 47,340 ... ...
More than one person per room 805 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 48,145 ... ...
Suitable 45,515 ... ...
Not suitable 2,630 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 47,990 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 33,995 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 13,995 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 10,710 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 25,215 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 48.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 840 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,124 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 350,064 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 400,904 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 22,925 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 4.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,008 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,070 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 88,520 44,590 43,930
Without income 3,060 1,250 1,810
With income 85,455 43,340 42,120
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,935 3,905 4,030
$5,000 to $9,999 5,175 2,020 3,160
$10,000 to $14,999 7,475 3,075 4,395
$15,000 to $19,999 6,910 2,940 3,970
$20,000 to $29,999 10,315 4,360 5,955
$30,000 to $39,999 9,415 4,560 4,850
$40,000 to $49,999 8,000 3,980 4,020
$50,000 to $59,999 6,830 3,815 3,010
$60,000 to $79,999 9,495 5,760 3,740
$80,000 to $99,999 6,260 3,650 2,605
$100,000 and over 7,650 5,275 2,380
$100,000 to $124,999 3,690 2,350 1,340
$125,000 and over 3,960 2,920 1,040
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,026 41,311 28,990
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 46,710 53,694 39,523
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 88,515 44,585 43,930
Without after-tax income 3,070 1,250 1,820
With after-tax income 85,445 43,340 42,110
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,005 3,935 4,065
$5,000 to $9,999 5,445 2,055 3,390
$10,000 to $14,999 7,495 3,120 4,375
$15,000 to $19,999 7,355 3,130 4,220
$20,000 to $29,999 12,230 5,410 6,815
$30,000 to $39,999 11,580 5,790 5,790
$40,000 to $49,999 9,585 5,095 4,490
$50,000 to $59,999 7,050 4,175 2,880
$60,000 to $79,999 9,085 5,410 3,670
$80,000 to $99,999 3,930 2,530 1,395
$100,000 and over 3,695 2,685 1,010
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,691 36,554 27,126
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 39,044 44,108 33,833
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 92.2 94.3 89.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.8 80.7 76.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 76.2 78.2 73.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.6 2.6 2.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.2 6.4 6.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.6 5.8 5.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.4 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 7.8 5.7 10.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.6 2.2 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.0 1.3 3.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.9 1.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.7 0.1 1.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.3 1.6
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.4 17.9 14.4
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.6 82.1 85.6
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.3 3.0 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 33,205 18,995 14,210
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 55,484 60,009 50,168
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 64,403 69,617 57,432
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 25,720 ... ...
Median family income ($) 86,339 ... ...
Average family income ($) 106,441 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 75,559 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 88,404 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,340 ... ...
Median family income ($) 83,165 ... ...
Average family income ($) 101,870 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,679 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,226 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 9,090 ... ...
Median family income ($) 110,561 ... ...
Average family income ($) 131,406 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 94,820 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 108,246 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,830 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,928 ... ...
Average family income ($) 69,724 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,365 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 60,150 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 30,280 16,075 14,205
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,588 35,961 28,294
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 41,410 44,346 38,087
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,885 31,990 26,644
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 35,087 37,125 32,780
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 100,585 50,565 50,025
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 44,755 21,860 22,895
In bottom decile 12,135 6,040 6,095
In second decile 8,895 4,235 4,660
In third decile 7,695 3,450 4,245
In fourth decile 7,320 3,835 3,490
In fifth decile 8,710 4,300 4,405
In top half of the Canadian distribution 55,830 28,705 27,125
In sixth decile 8,570 4,180 4,390
In seventh decile 8,965 4,495 4,475
In eighth decile 10,470 5,510 4,955
In ninth decile 11,120 5,745 5,370
In top decile 16,710 8,775 7,935
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 48,145 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,910 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 955 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,870 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,970 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,420 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,675 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,495 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,735 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,515 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,510 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,130 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,180 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 48,145 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,935 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 990 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,825 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,910 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,415 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,165 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,740 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,505 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,590 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,940 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,130 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,255 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,875 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 48,145 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 65,326 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 82,911 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,822 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 69,298 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 17,890 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 39,327 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 48,728 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 34,934 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 40,898 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 30,250 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 84,128 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 103,134 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 73,540 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 86,099 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 100,585 50,565 50,020
Less than 18 years 14,705 7,315 7,385
Less than 6 years 5,425 2,660 2,765
18 to 64 years 73,200 37,945 35,260
65 years and over 12,685 5,310 7,375
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 14,640 6,975 7,665
Less than 18 years 2,575 1,370 1,200
Less than 6 years 1,035 525 515
18 to 64 years 11,260 5,455 5,805
65 years and over 800 140 665
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.6 13.8 15.3
Less than 18 years (%) 17.5 18.7 16.2
Less than 6 years (%) 19.1 19.7 18.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.4 14.4 16.5
65 years and over (%) 6.3 2.6 9.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Edmonton Strathcona, Alberta (Code 48019) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Edmonton Strathcona, Alberta

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Edmonton Strathcona, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton Strathcona
Alberta
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 103,180 51,780 51,405
0 to 4 years 4,680 2,380 2,295
5 to 9 years 3,685 1,880 1,805
10 to 14 years 3,820 1,930 1,890
15 to 19 years 5,020 2,500 2,525
15 years 825 415 410
16 years 845 425 420
17 years 925 490 435
18 years 1,060 495 560
19 years 1,370 670 700
20 to 24 years 11,700 5,900 5,800
25 to 29 years 12,140 6,500 5,640
30 to 34 years 8,615 4,670 3,945
35 to 39 years 6,530 3,480 3,050
40 to 44 years 6,345 3,275 3,075
45 to 49 years 7,120 3,625 3,495
50 to 54 years 7,460 3,780 3,675
55 to 59 years 6,575 3,425 3,155
60 to 64 years 4,815 2,390 2,425
65 to 69 years 3,340 1,490 1,845
70 to 74 years 3,080 1,330 1,745
75 to 79 years 2,985 1,245 1,740
80 to 84 years 2,720 1,130 1,595
85 years and over 2,555 835 1,720
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.3 35.2 37.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 88.2 88.0 88.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 91,000 45,585 45,415
Married or living with a common-law partner 43,100 21,635 21,465
Married (and not separated) 33,715 16,945 16,765
Living common law 9,385 4,685 4,695
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 47,900 23,950 23,950
Single (never legally married) 33,730 18,900 14,825
Separated 2,305 1,090 1,215
Divorced 6,890 2,965 3,930
Widowed 4,975 995 3,980
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 25,145 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,970 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 4,975 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 3,825 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,380 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 25,145 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,865 ... ...
Married couples 16,180 ... ...
Without children at home 8,405 ... ...
With children at home 7,775 ... ...
1 child 3,360 ... ...
2 children 3,220 ... ...
3 or more children 1,200 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,685 ... ...
Without children at home 3,585 ... ...
With children at home 1,105 ... ...
1 child 635 ... ...
2 children 355 ... ...
3 or more children 120 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,280 ... ...
Female parent 3,240 ... ...
1 child 2,210 ... ...
2 children 780 ... ...
3 or more children 245 ... ...
Male parent 1,045 ... ...
1 child 770 ... ...
2 children 205 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 21,420 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,370 ... ...
6 to 14 years 6,675 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,425 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,325 ... ...
25 years and over 2,620 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 100,755 50,900 49,855
Number of persons not in census families 33,330 17,645 15,685
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,235 1,695 1,540
Living with non-relatives only 12,100 7,120 4,980
Living alone 17,995 8,830 9,165
Number of census family persons 67,425 33,260 34,170
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,870 5,495 7,375
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,980 1,455 3,525
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 360 105 255
Living with non-relatives only 325 145 180
Living alone 4,295 1,205 3,090
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,890 4,040 3,855
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 48,180 ... ...
Census-family households 24,765 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 22,440 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 19,025 ... ...
Without children 10,825 ... ...
With children 8,200 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,415 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,325 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,950 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,330 ... ...
Without children 830 ... ...
With children 505 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 620 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 375 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,415 ... ...
One-person households 17,990 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 5,420 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 48,180 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,895 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 5,980 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 890 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 19,410 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,195 ... ...
Row house 2,190 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 4,000 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 11,990 ... ...
Other single-attached house 40 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 48,180 ... ...
1 person 17,990 ... ...
2 persons 17,185 ... ...
3 persons 6,480 ... ...
4 persons 4,460 ... ...
5 persons 1,490 ... ...
6 or more persons 570 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 100,755 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,945 51,320 50,625
  Single responses  100,105 50,455 49,655
    English  77,095 39,350 37,750
    French  3,350 1,665 1,685
    Non-official languages  19,655 9,445 10,210
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 130 45 85
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  110 35 75
        Dene  10 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  10 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,235 9,245 9,990
        African languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Afrikaans  40 20 20
        Akan (Twi)  25 15 15
        Albanian  30 20 10
        Amharic  45 30 15
        Arabic  780 455 330
        Armenian  5 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Bengali  290 160 125
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  75 25 55
        Bosnian  25 10 15
        Bulgarian  55 35 30
        Burmese  15 10 5
        Cantonese  845 395 455
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,735 805 925
        Creoles  25 5 20
        Croatian  135 60 75
        Czech  120 70 50
        Danish  100 50 50
        Dutch  405 195 205
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  45 15 25
        Flemish  15 5 5
        Fukien  15 5 10
        German  2,550 1,165 1,385
        Greek  120 65 60
        Gujarati  150 75 75
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  30 20 10
        Hindi  335 190 140
        Hungarian  160 80 80
        Ilocano  75 35 35
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 15 5
        Italian  355 180 180
        Japanese  240 85 155
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 5
        Korean  670 295 375
        Kurdish  20 15 5
        Lao  25 10 10
        Latvian  25 15 15
        Lingala  10 5 0
        Lithuanian  25 10 15
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  65 35 30
        Malayalam  100 55 45
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  975 460 510
        Marathi  35 25 15
        Nepali  80 35 40
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 65 40 25
        Norwegian  40 15 25
        Oromo  15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  235 130 105
        Pashto  40 20 15
        Persian (Farsi)  560 325 235
        Polish  880 395 485
        Portuguese  125 60 70
        Romanian  175 85 95
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 0
        Russian  340 150 190
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  105 55 50
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 15
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Sindhi  40 20 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  95 55 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Slovak  90 35 50
        Slovenian  35 25 15
        Somali  60 30 25
        Spanish  1,330 715 615
        Swahili  60 35 25
        Swedish  45 20 30
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,325 545 785
        Taiwanese  20 10 10
        Tamil  140 80 55
        Telugu  75 40 35
        Thai  90 40 55
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  25 15 10
        Turkish  55 40 20
        Ukrainian  1,540 615 925
        Urdu  270 150 120
        Vietnamese  235 110 130
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 295 155 140
  Multiple responses          1,840 865 975
    English and French  425 200 225
    English and non-official language  1,285 605 680
    French and non-official language  95 45 45
    English, French and non-official language 35 15 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,945 51,320 50,625
  English only 89,110 45,345 43,765
  French only 220 100 120
  English and French 11,810 5,550 6,255
  Neither English nor French 810 325 490
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,945 51,320 50,625
  English 97,235 49,065 48,165
  French 3,385 1,675 1,710
  English and French 535 265 265
  Neither English nor French 790 315 480
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 3,650 1,805 1,850
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.6 3.5 3.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,945 51,320 50,625
  Single responses 99,210 49,995 49,215
    English 88,455 44,670 43,785
    French 1,835 910 925
    Non-official languages 8,920 4,410 4,505
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,810 4,355 4,455
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Afrikaans 15 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 15 10 5
        Amharic 15 10 5
        Arabic 465 245 220
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Bengali 190 100 90
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 25 15 10
        Bosnian 5 0 0
        Bulgarian 35 20 15
        Burmese 15 5 5
        Cantonese 445 200 245
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,125 520 605
        Creoles 10 5 10
        Croatian 40 20 20
        Czech 20 15 10
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 30 10 15
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 0 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 5
        German 475 220 250
        Greek 40 20 20
        Gujarati 85 40 45
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 5 5
        Hindi 205 120 80
        Hungarian 50 20 30
        Ilocano 25 10 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Italian 110 45 65
        Japanese 95 40 55
        Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
        Korean 515 240 275
        Kurdish 15 5 5
        Lao 5 5 5
        Latvian 10 5 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 5 5
        Malay 40 30 10
        Malayalam 70 45 25
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 730 365 365
        Marathi 15 5 5
        Nepali 60 25 35
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 100 60 40
        Pashto 20 15 5
        Persian (Farsi) 410 240 170
        Polish 315 135 180
        Portuguese 50 25 20
        Romanian 90 45 50
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 190 85 110
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 60 30 30
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Sindhi 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 30 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Slovak 25 15 15
        Slovenian 5 5 0
        Somali 30 15 20
        Spanish 760 395 365
        Swahili 20 10 5
        Swedish 5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 795 375 420
        Taiwanese 10 0 10
        Tamil 90 50 40
        Telugu 50 25 25
        Thai 35 20 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 15 10 10
        Turkish 30 20 10
        Ukrainian 225 95 135
        Urdu 145 75 70
        Vietnamese 130 70 65
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 100 55 45
  Multiple responses         2,740 1,330 1,410
    English and French 275 150 130
    English and non-official language 2,375 1,130 1,240
    French and non-official language 30 15 15
    English, French and non-official language 60 30 25
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 101,950 51,320 50,625
  None 87,970 44,570 43,395
  Single responses  13,700 6,625 7,075
    English  4,995 2,455 2,540
    French  1,735 825 910
    Non-official languages  6,970 3,345 3,630
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 110 55 55
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  95 50 50
        Dene  5 5 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,655 3,180 3,470
        African languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Afrikaans  25 15 10
        Akan (Twi)  25 15 10
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  20 10 5
        Arabic  270 165 100
        Armenian  5 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 15 15
        Bengali  65 45 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  25 10 15
        Bosnian  15 10 10
        Bulgarian  20 10 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  300 145 155
        Chinese, n.o.s.  375 185 195
        Creoles  20 10 5
        Croatian  50 30 25
        Czech  45 20 20
        Danish  30 15 15
        Dutch  135 60 75
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  25 10 15
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  975 425 555
        Greek  75 30 45
        Gujarati  45 20 20
        Hakka  0 0 5
        Hebrew  25 15 10
        Hindi  215 125 90
        Hungarian  45 30 15
        Ilocano  15 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Italian  175 80 90
        Japanese  135 55 80
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  110 50 60
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  10 5 5
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  20 10 10
        Malayalam  20 10 10
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  240 115 130
        Marathi  10 0 5
        Nepali  15 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 45 30 15
        Norwegian  20 10 15
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  100 45 50
        Pashto  10 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  105 60 40
        Polish  315 135 175
        Portuguese  60 30 30
        Romanian  50 15 30
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  110 50 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  35 20 15
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Sindhi  20 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  35 20 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  15 10 10
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  20 10 15
        Spanish  735 385 355
        Swahili  40 25 20
        Swedish  25 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  360 120 245
        Taiwanese  10 5 0
        Tamil  35 20 20
        Telugu  30 15 5
        Thai  50 20 30
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  495 200 295
        Urdu  90 55 40
        Vietnamese  65 30 40
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 205 105 95
  Multiple responses          280 125 150
    English and French  25 5 15
    English and non-official language  115 60 55
    French and non-official language  135 55 80
    English, French and non-official language  0 5 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Edmonton Strathcona, Alberta (Code 48019) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Edmonton Strathcona (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Alberta

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Edmonton Strathcona, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Alberta

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Edmonton Strathcona, Alberta (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Edmonton Strathcona (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Alberta

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census